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Guide to the Records of the Student Army Training Corps RG.43.1

New York University Archives
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
2nd Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2596
special.collections@nyu.edu


New York University Archives

Collection processed by Daniel Soyer and Steven A. Walker. Additional description and arrangement by Shannon McDonald.

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on January 02, 2020
Finding aid written in English. using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Updated by Jacqueline Rider to include ROTC at NYU materials and for compliance with DACS and ACM Required Elements for Archival Description  , May 2019

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Brown, Marshall Stewart, 1870-1948
Title: Records of the Student Army Training Corps
Dates [inclusive]: 1916-1969
Abstract: The records of the Student Army Training Corps Program (SATC) unit are part of the papers of Dean Marshall S. Brown, who served as chairman of New York University's (NYU's) SATC Committee from September 1918 to Spring 1919. The material includes both internal and external correspondence and memoranda, mainly between the members of NYU's SATC Committee and officials in various government departments.
Quantity: 2.25 Linear Feet (6 boxes)
Location: Materials are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use. Please request materials at least two business days prior to your research visit to coordinate access.
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: RG.43.1

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History of the Student Army Training Corps at New York University

The Student Army Training Corps (SATC) at New York University was part of a nationwide program initiated by the Committee on Education and Special Training of the War Department during World War I. Begun in the spring of 1918 as the National Army Training Detachments, it was demobilized the following December after the Armistice.

In April 1918 the National Army Training Detachments program was established at 157 colleges, universities, and trade schools under contract with the War Department. The program was designed to train draftees in a variety of trades needed for the war effort, and was jointly administered by the military and the schools. The proposed Student Army Training Corps, according to one historian, would serve to develop "as a great military asset the large body of young men in the colleges and ... [to prevent] unnecessary and wasteful depletion of the colleges through indiscriminate volunteering, by offering the student a definite and immediate military status." (Gruber, Mars and Minerva, p. 215)

Even before the training detachments got underway, the Army realized it lacked the required officers. At the same time, colleges were concerned about the depletion of students by the war and the attendant financial loss, which was only partially redressed by the vocational program. NYU in particular had been financially dependent to a large degree on tuition, much of which was lost by student enlistment.

At NYU Captain (later Major) William S. Maulsby was the military program commander, and Charles Snow, dean of the College of Engineering, was the civilian director of the National Army Training Detachment. Fifteen committees, made up of faculty and staff of the University, were appointed to administer specific areas. The school agreed to provide the soldiers with instruction, food, and quarters. The government, in turn, agreed to reimburse the University a fixed amount per soldier.

The first group of soldiers arrived on April 11 and, together with later inductees, received instruction geared toward becoming auto mechanics, blacksmiths, carpenters, chauffeurs, concrete workers, electricians, machinists, and radio operators. During a two-month period, the men received training in their trades, military instruction and, beginning in July, a course on "War Issues."

At the beginning of the fall semester, 524 institutions enrolled about 140,000 men into SATC units. At that time, the National Army Training Detachments were absorbed into SATC as Section B vocationals. In all, between April 11 and demobilization on December 19, 1918, 1,613 men took part in this section at NYU.

NYU agreed to accept 2,000 men. The NYU SATC unit eventually enrolled 1,564 student-soldiers in two divisions: 1,288 at University Heights and 276 at University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College. Marshall S. Brown, dean of Faculties, was appointed chairman of the SATC Committee and Archibald L. Bouton, dean of the College of Arts and Pure Science, became head of Section A (academics), while Dean Snow continued as head of Section B (vocationals), and Captain Maulsby remained as military commander.

Unlike the "Fighting Mechanics" of the Training Detachments, the collegiate or Section A SATC students were required to fulfill the requirements for college admission and to be accepted as matriculated students by the schools they attended. Inducted as privates in the regular army and subject to military discipline, the student-soldiers lived in barracks, ate at mess and were accorded a monthly allowance of $30 in addition to having their tuition paid. They were to receive a total of 42 hours of "essential" and "allied" subjects while also performing military drill for 11 hours per week. Essential courses included "military law and practice," "hygiene and sanitation," "surveying and map making," "modern ordinance," and the "war issues" course. At the end of their studies (between one and three terms, depending on age), the students were assigned to officer or non-commissioned officer training programs, a depot brigade, or permitted further study in engineering, medicine, or law.

The Armistice interrupted the work of the SATC shortly after it began. After some debate over whether or not it should be continued, the SATC was demobilized on December 19, 1918. Within six months, the work of demobilization and fulfilling contracts between the government and the schools was completed.

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Scope and Contents

The records of the Student Army Training Corps unit at NYU are part of the papers of Dean Marshall S. Brown, who served as chairman of NYU's SATC Committee from September 1918 to the following spring. The material includes both internal and external correspondence and memoranda, mainly between the members of NYU's SATC Committee and officials in various government departments. Also included are War Department circulars, reports on the condition of the detachment and progress of work, general and special military orders, SATC course handbooks, rosters, and lists of personnel. The bulk of the material falls in the period between March 1918 and December 1918, the period in which the National Army Training Detachment and, later, the SATC were active. However, exploratory material began as early as February 1917, and material relating to the settlement of contracts with the War Department, dismantling of facilities and evaluation of the program extends to June 1919. In addition, there is material relating to the establishment of the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), which covers the period from May 1918 to 1969.

World War I and the Student Army Training Corps are benchmarks in the history of cooperation between the military and educational institutions. The NYU SATC records include material that sheds light on that relationship, including contracts between NYU and the government; material on the development of curricula, most significantly the "War Issues" course; and memoranda offering suggestions for the final report submitted "for the historical record" to the War Department, as well as a copy of the complete report. Announcements, statements of policy, and committee minutes also provide information on the University's participation in the war effort.

Much of the material relates to the day-to-day functioning of the organization. There are highly detailed accounts of the numerical strength of the unit, including daily reports of "changes" in officers and enlisted personnel, muster rolls, and bi-weekly reports of unit strength. These and other rosters and lists of students and applicants shed light on the make-up of the student body and those participating in the program. Letters of application, and applications for discharge often include information on the individual's family and financial status, and provide further indication of the student body and its attitude toward the program.

The large amount of circulars, memoranda, and announcements from the War Department Committee on Education and Special Training, and its district offices, as well as the special organizational chart outlining the activities of the National Army Training Detachment and the SATC, provide information on how the NYU unit fit into the national SATC effort.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged chronologically in three series:

Series I: Interdepartmental Correspondence and Memoranda; Series II: Administrative Files; Series III: Reports and Memoranda

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Bouton, Archibald Lewis, 1872-1941
  • Brown, Elmer Ellsworth, 1861-1934
  • Maulsby, William S.
  • Snow, Charles H. (Charles Henry), 1863-1957

Document Type

  • Organizational charts.
  • Curricula.
  • Orders (military records).
  • Muster rolls.
  • Minutes (administrative records)
  • Contracts.

Subject Organizations

  • United States. War Department. Committee on Education and Special Training
  • New York University. Students
  • New York University. National Army Training Detachment
  • New York University. Reserve Officer Training Corps
  • New York University. School of Applied Science
  • New York University. Washington Square College of Arts and Science

Subject Topics

  • World War, 1914-1918.
  • Military discharges.
  • Military education -- United States -- History -- 20th century

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Material pertaining to individual student records may be restricted in accordance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Please contact the Archives with specific questions regarding access to such records.

Conditions Governing Use

Administrative records and unpublished reports of New York University are closed for a period of 20 years from the date of their creation. Access to files spanning multiple years will be opened to researchers based on the date of the most recent materials. Board of Trustees records are closed for 35 years from the date of creation. Materials related to personnel, grievances, job and fellowship searches and applications, and all files that fall under the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) are permanently restricted. Additional restrictions may apply to other materials in this collection. For questions regarding specific restrictions, please contact the University Archives.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form: Identification of item, date (if known); Records of the Student Army Training Corps; RG 43.1; box number; folder number; New York University Archives, New York University Libraries.

Related Material at the New York University Archives

Charles H. Snow Collection on NYU During World War I, MC 25; William Bryans Papers, MC 29

Separated Material

Several items, including a photograph entitled "Presenting the Flag", have been removed from the collection.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The SATC program records were presumably transferred to Gould Memorial Library on the University Heights campus of NYU from the Dean of Faculties, Marshall S. Brown. They remained in storage until 1974, when they were transferred to Washington Square following the closing of the Heights campus.

Processing Information

Decisions regarding arrangement, description, and physical interventions for this collection before 2019 are unknown.

Sources

Brown, Marshall S. "Report to the War Department of the Chairman of the Committee on the Students' Army Training Corps," in New York University. Report of Officers, 1918-1919 (New York, 1919) pp. 69-85.

Gruber, Carol S. Mars and Minerva: World War I and the Uses of Higher Learning in America. (Baton Rouge, 1975).

Report of the Chancellor. "Military Training" in New York University. Report of Officers, 1918-1919 (New York, 1919) pp.14-15.

Report of the Treasurer in New York University, Report of Officers, 1918-1919 (New York, 1919) pp. 29-31.

Snow, Charles Henry. The Camp on Campus: The Great War as Observed from a College. Unpublished Manuscript, NYU Archives.

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Container List

Series I: Interdepartmental Correspondence and Memoranda, 1916-1919

Scope and Contents note

Series includes internal and external communication between the members of the New York University Student Army Training Committee (SATC) and officers of various governmental departments.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Snow, Charles H.
1916 Jan - 1919 May
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Treasury Department
1916 Dec - 1919 Jan
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Brown, Elmer E.
1917 - 1919
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Adjutant General
1918 - 1919
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Brown, Elmer E.
1918-1919
Box: 1 Folder : 15 District #2
1918-1919
Box: 1 Folder : 21 CEST, General Staff Corps
1918-1919
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Eastern Department
1918-1919
Box: 1 Folder : 11 War Department, Office of the Chief Signal Officer
1918 Jan
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Brown, Marshall S. [SATC Committee Chairman]
1918 Feb-1918 Dec
Box: 1 Folder : 17 University Heights
1918 Apr-1918 Oct
Box: 1 Folder : 19 U. S. Army Hospital #1
1918 May-1918 Aug
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Administrative Officer
1918 May-1918 September
Box: 1 Folder : 1 American Council on Education: Student War Service Campaign
1918 Aug-1918 Dec
Box: 1 Folder : 22 CEST, Provost Marshal General's Department
1918 Sep-1918 Oct
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Director of College Training
1918 Sep-1919 Jul
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Bouton, Archibald
1918 Sep-1918 Dec
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Park, Dr. W. H.
1918 Sep-1918 Dec
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Maulsby, Commander W. S.
1918 Sep-1918 Nov
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Brown, Marshall S.,
1918 Sep-1918 Oct
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Administrative Officer
1918 Oct
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Administrative Officer
1918 Nov-1918 Dec
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Office of Surgeon General
1918 Nov-1918 Dec
Box: 1 Folder : 4 General Correspondence
1918 Nov
Box: 1 Folder : 18 University Heights
1918 Nov-1919 Apr
Box: 1 Folder : 5 General Correspondence
1918 Dec-1919 Jun
Box: 1 Folder : 12 War Department, Zone Finance Office
1919 Mar

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Series II: Administrative Files, 1917-1969

Scope and Contents note

Series includes War Department bulletins, circulars, contracts, discharge orders, general, and special orders. There are also university records such as minutes, organizational charts, maps, physical descriptions of barracks, information on the courses taught, insight into the liquidation of SATC, and the formation of an ROTC program.

Box
2
Folder
5
 

Office of Surgeon General, 1918

Box: 2 Folder : 6 SATC Admissions letters of inquiry
1918 Sep-1918 Nov
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Blank SATC Forms
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 SATC Headquarters Eastern Department Bulletin
1918 Nov
Box: 2 Folder : 9 SATC Headquarters at University Heights Bulletin
1918 Sept
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Committee on Education and Special Training Bulletin
1918 Nov-1919 March
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Charge Sheets: NYU SATC Unit
1918 Jul-1918 Dec-
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Certificate, War Dept., Signal Corps - Office of Aviation Examining Board, Physical Examination
1918 Nov
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Christmas Committee of New York University: SATC Christmas Card
1918 Dec
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Circulars: SATC Headquarters, District #2
1918 Nov-1918 Dec
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Circulars: War Department, General
1918 - 1919
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Circulars: War Department, Special Descriptive
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Contracts: War Department, CEST
1918 Mar-1918 Jun
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Contracts: War Department, Office of Surgeon General
1918 - 1919
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Discharge Orders: SATC Headquarters, Eastern Department
1918 Dec-1919 Feb
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Discharge Orders: SATC Headquarters, University Heights
1918 Jun-1919 Jan
Box: 3 Folder : 1 History of SATC at NYU Draft
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Minutes: Executive Committee of the War Council [War Emergency Conference]
1918 Feb-1918 Jun
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Minutes: University Committee of SATC
1918 Sep
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Naval Section of SATC
1917-1919
Box: 3 Folder : 5 War Department General Orders
1918 Sep-1918 Oct
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Special orders SATC Headquarters Camp Devens, MA
1918 May-1918 Jun
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Special orders SATC Headquarters Camp Plattsburg, NY
1918 May-1918 Oct
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Special orders Eastern Department
1918-1919
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Special orders University Heights
1918-1919
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Special orders various camps
1918 Apr-1918 Oct
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Spcial orders War Department, Adjutant General
1918 May-1918 Nov
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Organization Chart of SATC at NYU
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 13 ROTC Information
1918-1921
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Selective Service Act Rules and Regulations
1918 Sep
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Settlement and Liquidation OF SATC
1919 Jan-1919 May
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Description and Maps of SATC Buildings at NYU
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 18 SATC Courses: Human Side of Engineering
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 19 SATC Courses: Machinists
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 20 SATC Courses: War Issues, information
1918 Jun-1918 Dec
Box: 6 ROTC at NYU
1923-1969

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Series III: Reports and Memoranda, 1918-1919

Scope and Contents note

Arranged in chronological order. Series includes internal and external communication between the members of the NYU Student Army Training Corpos and officers of various governmental departments.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Faculty Teaching SATC courses
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 10 SATC Student Enrollment
1918-1919
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Report of Changes: List of Officers
1918-1919
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Roster of NYU Training Detachment
1918-1919
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Statement of Claim for Reimbursement of Costs
1918 Mar-1918 Sep
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Payroll Reports: General
1918 Apr-1918 Jul
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Condition of the Organization Report
1918 Apr-1918 Dec
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Muster Roll
1918 Apr-1918 Jun
Box: 5 Folder : 9 School Rating Reports
1918 May-1918 Oct
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Draft Discharge List
1918 Jul-1918 Aug
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Report of Changes: Enlisted Men
1918 Jul-1918 Sep
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Payroll Reports
1918 Aug-1918 Oct
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Medical Enlisted Reserve Corps members
1918 Oct
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Men Inducted into SATC
1918 Oct
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Men Recommended for SATC
1918 Oct-1918 Nov
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Men rejected as physically unfit for service
1918 Oct
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Students accepted for SATC admission
1918 Oct
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Report of Changes: Enlisted Men
1918 Oct
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Engineering Students
1918 Nov
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Bi-weekly Report to CEST
1918 Nov
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Men Receiving Physical Exams
1918 Nov-1918 Dec
Box: 4 Folder : 15 Payroll Reports
1918 Nov-1918 Dec
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Semimonthly Report to CEST
1918 Nov-1918 Dec
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Final Report, Special Detachments
1918 Dec
Box: 4 Folder : 16 Final Report, Companies A - I
1918 Dec
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Report for Historical Record: SATC at NYU
1919 Jan

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