Series 1: Subject Files, 1950-2007. 7.25 Linear feet
Overall series arrangement
Arnie Goldwag's files were in no overall order when accessioned by BHS. Accordingly, the arrangement of this series was imposed by the archivist. The arrangement is roughly thematic and chronological.
The series opens with files that focus principally on CORE actions from 1961-1965, which was the period of Goldwag's main involvement with the organization. These files move from actions concerning local New York City area matters (e.g., local discrimination in housing, employment, education, etc.) to actions with a national orientation (e.g., support for civil rights in the South). Following the files that tend to have a focus on particular actions are those that hold newsletters, clippings, and other material concerned with various CORE and Brooklyn CORE matters.
Following the CORE-oriented segment is a small number of folders that relate to other activist organizations and subjects dating from the 1960s and 1970s. Following these are photocopies of New York City police reports on demonstrations and other actions by various groups, including CORE, from throughout the 1960s.
The series then turns to files that have an emphasis on Goldwag himself, including matters concerning his education at Brooklyn College, imprisonment at Rikers Island penitentiary, and other matters at the intersection of his activism and his personal life. The series closes with files dating from the 1980s-2000s that concern reunions, memorials, reminiscences, research papers, and other reflections on CORE, the civil rights struggle, and its continuing legacy.
As sharp as these dividing lines might appear, the researcher should be aware that there is a fair amount of overlapping material throughout the series so the arrangement described here should not be taken as rigid.
Folder content and descriptions
Although Goldwag's files were in no overall order, the bulk of the material was found in folders as labeled by Goldwag. All folder descriptions used by Goldwag were transcribed by the archivist to new archival folders and, with minor exception, content was left in the folder as Goldwag had it. To the extent that the archivist added clarifications to Goldwag's descriptions, these clarifications were shown in [brackets]. Non-substantive changes to labels (e.g., the original "Imp Assoc" rendered by the archivist as "Improvement Association") were not bracketed. Also shown in [brackets] were folder descriptions assigned by the archivist to material found in unlabeled folders or as loose material. Material found loose or in unlabeled folders was not combined by the archivist with materials on the same or similar topic from a Goldwag-labeled folder.
Some of Goldwag's folder descriptions included date ranges, and these were transcribed by the archivist to the new folders. However, these dates often were not entirely consistent with the folder's contents. Accordingly, the archivist also noted on all folders, below the description, the date range observed during processing; only the observed date range is included in the finding aid's container list.
Generally, the archivist discarded Goldwag's original folders because of their poor condition. However, in some instances the original folders had notations other than the label written on them. For these, either the original folder was retained within the new archival folder or, more commonly because of the poor condition of the original, a photocopy of the notation was retained.
Many of the folders contained newspaper clippings or other documents that had been taped or glued to paper backing that had contextual information (e.g., dates) written on it by Goldwag. Because the document had fallen away from the backing over time, the archivist photocopied the two documents together to show their original relationship. Generally in the case of text-only clippings, the originals were then discarded. Any photocopies made by the archivist and placed in the collection were noted as such in [brackets] on the copy; the notation [CPBA] found on many copies is an acronym for "clipping photocopied by archivist." Photocopies with no bracketed annotations were in the original Goldwag material.
Scope and Contents
Subject Files principally includes correspondence, newsletters, event announcements (e.g., fliers), directions to demonstrators, photographs, press releases, clippings, and other documents related to Brooklyn CORE's civil rights activism, particularly for the period 1961-1965. The documents in the series reflect actions on a number of fronts. Protests over garbage (Operation Clean Sweep), apartment/housing conditions, traffic, police brutality, and other problems facing the local community are well-represented, especially for the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn. Actions confronting employment discrimination are included, such as those involving Sealtest, Schaefer, White Castle, construction jobs at Downstate Medical Center, and Ebinger Baking; a copy of the signed agreement with Ebinger Baking concerning hiring of African-Americans and Puerto Ricans is in the series.
The series includes much on protests against de facto school segregation, including actions such as Operation Shutdown and Elaine and Jerome Bibuld's efforts to move their children from an underperforming minority-majority school to a more effective school. The series includes material on the Stall-In, Brooklyn CORE's well-publicized plan to back up traffic at the opening of the 1964 World's Fair as a protest against employment and other forms of discrimination.
Brooklyn CORE's response to national events is also documented. Responses included participation in the 1962 Freedom Highways program (CORE's challenge to segregated facilities), Operation Federal Intervention in Georgia (FIG), and the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Local actions, including a call for a Christmas shopping boycott, in response to the church bombing and murder of children in Birmingham are represented. Letters written to editors and others protesting cultural imagery/representations of African-Americans in the press, comic strips, etc. are in the series.
In addition to Brooklyn CORE, other New York-area CORE chapters and organizations, such as the Harlem Parents Committee and the Metropolitan Council on Housing, were involved in the actions of the early 1960s, and the series includes documents related to them as well. Documents from national CORE, such as committee minutes, and national groups, especially the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), are included to a limited extent in the series.
The series also includes files that illuminate the human dimensions of civil rights activism, in the person of Arnie Goldwag. The series includes Goldwag's files of his activism at Brooklyn College in the late 1950s, his mid-1960s readmission and graduation, his selective service (draft) card, draft induction notice, and record of arrests principally during various civil rights actions. The series includes correspondence sent to Goldwag while he was in Rikers Island penitentiary and his reflections on CORE while in prison, as well as other correspondence to Goldwag from friends and family.
The focus of Subject Files on CORE actions centers on the first half of the 1960s; there is little material on CORE actions from later periods. Nevertheless, other local organizations continue to be represented through the 1960s, especially Vietnam War opposition/peace organizations such as End the Draft (ETD) and Committee for Peace Organization (CPO). Several of ETD's newsletter, downdraft, and CPO's newsletter, ergo, are in the series. Many documents relate to the military draft refusal trial of David Henry Mitchell, including End the Draft's downdraft commentary. Mitchell's lawyer was Conrad J. Lynn, the African-American civil rights attorney; Lynn also represented Goldwag in at least some of his legal matters, so documents prepared by Lynn on Goldwag's behalf are in the series. Nonetheless, with some exceptions, such as material related to Major Owens's 1986 congressional campaign, the series holds very little material from the 1970s and 1980s. Picking up in the 1990s and 2000s, the series includes memorials, tributes, obituaries, reminiscences, historical research papers, interviews, reunions, and other such material as Goldwag and other former CORE activists reflected back on their 1960s activism.
The series also holds many photocopies of police reports, notably from the New York City Bureau of Special Services, concerning protests, demonstrations, meetings, and other events held by CORE and other organizations in New York throughout the 1960s and into the early 1970s. These were presumably obtained by Goldwag in the 1990s or later in response to disclosure requests; a copy of at least one such request from Goldwag is in the series. Finally, the series holds a variety of lapel pins and buttons from election campaigns, anti-war demonstrations, union activities, and other matters.
|Container 1||Container 2||Title||Date|
|Box: 1||Folder : 1||Housing Sit-Ins (Misc), Etc.
|Box: 1||Folder : 2||Whitings - Housing
|Box: 1||Folder : 3||Brooklyn, Etc. Rent Strikes; Rent Control
|Box: 1||Folder : 4||Rent Strike
|Box: 1||Folder : 5||Garbage [Bed-Stuy]
|Box: 1||Folder : 6||Traffic - Bed-Stuy
|Box: 1||Folder : 7||Community Problems - Misc
|Box: 1||Folder : 8||Employment Misc
|Box: 1||Folder : 9||Ebingers [Employment]
|Box: 1||Folder : 10||White Castle - Bronx, Brooklyn, N.J.
|Box: 1||Folder : 11||[Mayor's Action Panel - Union Hiring Recommendations]
|Box: 1||Folder : 12||Flower and Fifth, Beth-El, Bronxville [Hospitals]
|Box: 1||Folder : 13||Harlem Hospital
|Box: 1||Folder : 14-16||Downstate Medical Center [and other actions] - Lists, Etc. (3 folders)
|Box: 1||Folder : 17||Civil Liberties, Religious Freedom, Academic Freedom
|Box: 2||Folder : 1||Jones Beach (L.I. CORE)
|Box: 2||Folder : 2||Long Beach (L.I. CORE)
|Box: 2||Folder : 3||Board of Ed - [Elizabeth] Weeks, [Leonard] Morris
|Box: 2||Folder : 4||Board of Ed - Bibuld - Leaflets, Etc.
|Box: 2||Folder : 5||Board of Ed - Bibuld
|Box: 2||Folder : 6||Board of Ed - Sit-Ins (Dec 16 and 30)
|Box: 2||Folder : 7||[School] Boycott (Sept 9, 1963 and Feb 3, 1964), and 275 [Junior High School Integration]
|Box: 2||Folder : 8||[School] Boycott #2 (March 16)
|Box: 2||Folder : 9||Schools - Misc Including PAT, Picketing, Etc.
|Box: 2||Folder : 10||Operation Shutdown
|Box: 3||Folder : 1||Imagery
|Box: 3||Folder : 2||Misc Brutality Cases - NYC Police Dept
|Box: 3||Folder : 3||Morris Lewis [Shot by Police, Brooklyn]
|Box: 3||Folder : 4||CORE Picketing Etc. of Police Dept
|Box: 3||Folder : 5||Riots - Harlem, Philadelphia, Bedford-Stuyvesant
|Box: 3||Folder : 6||Independent Community Improvement Assoc - 125th St Boycott
|Box: 3||Folder : 7||[Correspondence re: CORE Actions]
|Box: 3||Folder : 8||Freedom Ride - Rallies, Film, Etc. and Freedom Highways
||1961-1962, 1965, 2001|
|Box: 3||Folder : 9||Cambridge, Maryland [Segregated Facilities]
|Box: 3||Folder : 10||KKK - WCC - PAT, Etc.
|Box: 3||Folder : 11||House UnAmerican Activities Committee - Activities, Etc. (HUAC)
|Box: 3||Folder : 12||Demonstrations - Philadelphia [Chester]; N.J.
|Box: 3||Folder : 13||Birmingham
|Box: 3||Folder : 14||Christmas Buying Boycott
|Box: 3||Folder : 15||Bill Moore [Murder], Freedom March
|Box: 3||Folder : 16||[March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom]
|Box: 4||Folder : 1||March on Washington (Aug 20, 1963), Also Walk Brooklyn - DC
|Box: 4||Folder : 2||[March on Washington, photocopies of 1963 documents]
|Box: 4||Folder : 3||Southern Phenomena [Anti-discrimination Actions]
|Box: 4||Folder : 4||Mississippi (Including Medgar Evers)
|Box: 4||Folder : 5||Black Power, White Power, Jewish Power,Italian, etc.
||circa 1963-1966, 1989|
|Box: 4||Folder : 6||Selma, Alabama
|Box: 4||Folder : 7||Misc Politics
|Box: 4||Folder : 8||[Brooklyn CORE Actions]
|Box: 4||Folder : 9-10||[Event Announcements, Newsletters, Correspondence, Programs, Clippings, etc.] (2 folders)
|Box: 5||Folder : 1||Clippings
|Box: 5||Folder : 2-6||[Clippings] (5 folders)
|Box: 5||Folder : 7||[Clippings]
|Box: 5||Folder : 8||[Clippings and Other Documents]
|Box: 5||Folder : 9||Brooklyn CORE Newsletters (1 of 3)
|Box: 5||Folder : 10||Brooklyn CORE Newsletters (2 of 3)
|Box: 6||Folder : 1||Brooklyn CORE Newsletters (3 of 3)
|Box: 6||Folder : 2||CORE - Letterhead, Business Cards, Etc.
|Box: 6||Folder : 3||Constitutions, By-Laws - Brooklyn CORE, Brooklyn College CORE, National CORE
|Box: 6||Folder : 4||[CORE Sit-In Songs]
|Box: 6||Folder : 5||Freedom Songs
|Box: 6||Folder : 6||[CORE Chapter Chairmen and Offices]
|Box: 6||Folder : 7||CORE Conventions - Minutes, Reports, Etc. and National Action Council Minutes
|Box: 6||Folder : 8||CORE Literature and Reports
|Box: 6||Folder : 9||In Freedom's Defense; Brooklyn Civil Rights Defense Committee Correspondence
|Box: 6||Folder : 10||[The Zealots - Pan-Semitic Brotherhood]
|Box: 6||Folder : 11||RAM - Revolutionary Activity (Domestic)
|Box: 6||Folder : 12||Alliance for Jobs or Income Now
|Box: 6||Folder : 13||[Letters to Editor re: Malcolm X]
|Box: 6||Folder : 14||Plots - Statue of Liberty, Wilkins-Young [Assassination]
|Box: 6||Folder : 15||SNCC Literature Etc.
||circa 1963-circa 1966|
|Box: 6||Folder : 16||Nuclear Weapons, Fallout
|Box: 6||Folder : 17||fACTs,
ergo [Committee for Peace Organization]
|Box: 7||Folder : 1||Peace, Disarmament
|Box: 7||Folder : 2||Dave Mitchell vs United States [Draft Resistance]
|Box: 7||Folder : 3||Vietnam - Publications (From and About)
|Box: 7||Folder : 4||Vietnam - Protests, Criticism
|Box: 7||Folder : 5||Vietnam - The War, Internal Opposition, US Statements
|Box: 7||Folder : 6||Rosenberg - Sobell Case
||1963-1967, 1975-1978, 1983-1984|
|Box: 7||Folder : 7||[Dick Gregory for President Handbills]
|Box: 7||Folder : 8||[Brooklyn Committee in Defense of the Black Panthers - Statement]
|Box: 7||Folder : 9||KCLR [Community Action Group]
|Box: 7||Folder : 10||Migrant Labor, Grape Pickers, Etc., Coal Miners
|Box: 7||Folder : 11||[
Unconstitutional Conditions, The Property Rights of Indigents, and Equal Protection
Analysis, paper by Alan R. Wolfson]
|Box: 7||Folder : 12||Africa, So. America, Etc., Apartheid, Colonialism, Revolution
|Box: 7||Folder : 13-14||[
Children's Rights Report, ACLU publication] (2 folders)
|Box: 7||Folder : 15||[Request for Disclosure of Police Department Files]
|Box: 7||Folder : 16||[Police Reports] Metropolitan Council on Housing
|Box: 7||Folder : 17||[Police Reports] Goldwag, Arnold
|Box: 8||Folder : 1||[Police Reports] Harlem Hospital
|Box: 8||Folder : 2||[Police Reports] Rockaway Council of Civic Associations
|Box: 8||Folder : 3||[Police Reports] East Harlem Triangle Civic Association (including CORE, Harlem Parents,
|Box: 8||Folder : 4||[Police Reports] Procept
|Box: 8||Folder : 5||[Police Reports] Harlem Parents Committee
|Box: 8||Folder : 6||[Police Reports] CORE Brooklyn - Rent Strikes and Police HQ; CORE - General
|Box: 8||Folder : 7||[Police Reports] School Boycott
|Box: 8||Folder : 8||[Police Reports] Mississippi Relief Committee, Mississippi-Alabama Southern Relief
|Box: 8||Folder : 9||[Police Reports] Independent Community Improvement Association
|Box: 8||Folder : 10||[Police Reports] Hotel Industry - Discrimination
|Box: 8||Folder : 11||[Police Reports] Alliance for Jobs and Income Now
|Box: 8||Folder : 12||[Police Reports] Police Brutality; Core and Brooklyn Freedom Democratic Movement
|Box: 8||Folder : 13||[Police Reports] Saul Alinsky, Clergy Concerned, Citywide [Committee for Emergency
|Box: 8||Folder : 14||[Police Reports] SNCC
|Box: 8||Folder : 15||[Police Reports] Rent Control
|Box: 8||Folder : 16||[Police Reports] Peace and Freedom Party, United Farm Workers
|Box: 8||Folder : 17||[Police Reports] NYU - Washington Square
|Box: 8||Folder : 18||[Police Reports] Poor Peoples Campaign (ML King)
|Box: 8||Folder : 19||[Police Reports] SDS [Columbia University Community Action Committee]
|Box: 8||Folder : 20||[Police Reports] Wallace for President [Rally at Park Sheraton]
|Box: 8||Folder : 21||[Police Reports] Vietnam / Hiroshima [Protest Demonstrations]
|Box: 8||Folder : 22||[Police Reports] Freedom and Peace Party
|Box: 8||Folder : 23||[Police Reports] Hiroshima Week
|Box: 8||Folder : 24||[Police Reports] Youth Against War and Facism, Anti Imperialism Rally
|Box: 8||Folder : 25||[Police Reports] Cambridge, MD - [Caravan for] Justice 4 Rap Brown (Freedom and Peace
|Box: 8||Folder : 26||[Police Reports] Attica Prison Riot Protest - YAWF [Youth Against War and Fascism]
|Box: 8||Folder : 27-28||[Police Reports] (2 folders)
|Box: 9||Folder : 1||Arnie - Brooklyn College
|Box: 9||Folder : 2-4||[
History and Analysis of Resistance to Military Conscription, 1863-1968, paper by Arnold Goldwag] (3 copies)
|Box: 9||Folder : 5-7||Notes and Source Material - Paper on History of the Draft - All Cases, Etc., Mitchell
[includes photocopies of material dated circa 1917-1964] (3 folders)
|Box: 9||Folder : 8||The Metamorphosis of West African Religion and Culture in the Caribbean and the United
States, paper by Arnold Goldwag
|Box: 9||Folder : 9||Otis Gamm [Clippings from
Kingsman, Brooklyn College]
|Box: 10||Folder : 1||People vs Goldwag - Subway
|Box: 10||Folder : 2||Select Service and Army
|Box: 10||Folder : 3||U.S. Post Office - Application, Papers, Transcripts, Etc.
|Box: 10||Folder : 4||Violation of Probation
|Box: 10||Folder : 5||Appointment Books
|Box: 10||Folder : 6||[Goldwag Prison Term]
|Box: 10||Folder : 7||Rikers Island Penitentiary
|Box: 10||Folder : 8-11||Personal - Correspondence (4 folders)
|Box: 11||Folder : 1||[Correspondence]
|Box: 11||Folder : 2||[Miscellaneous Notes]
||circa 1964-circa 2000|
|Box: 11||Folder : 3||[Keypunched Cards]
|Box: 11||Folder : 4||15 Crown [Realty], Crown St. Air Pollution, Crown Auto Laundry
|Box: 11||Folder : 5||Bushwick Correspondence
|Box: 11||Folder : 6||Cobble Hill [-Carroll Gardens Social Service Center]
|Box: 11||Folder : 7||[Major Owens]
|Box: 11||Folder : 8||Marches, Demonstrations - Georgia, Wash DC, NY, Etc.
|Box: 11||Folder : 9||Health, Vitamins, Etc.
|Box: 11||Folder : 10||House, Outdoors, Indoors
|Box: 11||Folder : 11-12||First Annual Leadership Training Institute and Civil Rights Reunion (2 folders)
|Box: 11||Folder : 13||[First Annual Leadership Training Institute and Civil Rights Reunion]
|Box: 11||Folder : 14||[Isaiah House Brochure]
|Box: 12||Folder : 1||[
Bloodlines, Publication of Rural Organizing and Cultural Center]
|Box: 12||Folder : 2||[
Free at Last, Publication of Southern Poverty Law Center]
|Box: 12||Folder : 3||[Freedom Riders Commemorative Conference]
|Box: 12||Folder : 4||[
Appeal to this Age: Photography of the Civil Rights Movement, Exhibition Catalog]
|Box: 12||Folder : 5-7||[CORE Reunions] (3 folders)
|Box: 12||Folder : 8||[CORE Reunion and James Farmer Tribute - Member Contact Effort]
||1962, 1966, 1999|
|Box: 12||Folder : 9||[Miscellaneous Civil Rights Material]
|Box: 12||Folder : 10-11||People I Know (2 folders)
|Box: 13||Folder : 1||Death, Obits - CORE, Union, Etc.
|Box: 13||Folder : 2||[James Farmer Memorials]
||1997, 1999, 2001|
|Box: 13||Folder : 3||[Memorials and Tributes]
||1988-1989, 2002, 2006|
|Box: 13||Folder : 4||[
Long Walk to Freedom, Exhibition Pamphlet]
|Box: 13||Folder : 5-7||[Historical Research Papers, Requests, and Proposals] (3 folders)
Includes research papers written by Brian J. Purnell concerning CORE actions.
|Box: 13||Folder : 8||[Clippings]
|Box: 14-15||[Lapel Pins and Buttons - Elections, Anti-War, etc.] (2 boxes)
||circa 1960-circa 2000|