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Guide to the Arnie Goldwag Brooklyn Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) collection ARC.002

128 Pierrepont Street
Brooklyn, NY, 11201
718-222-4111
library@brooklynhistory.org


Brooklyn Historical Society

Collection processed by Larry Weimer

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on May 19, 2011
English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Container List

Series 1: Subject Files, 1950-2007. 7.25 Linear feet

Arrangement note

Overall series arrangement

Arnie Goldwag's files were in no overall order when accessioned by BHS. Accordingly, the arrangement of this series was imposed by the archivist. The arrangement is roughly thematic and chronological.

The series opens with files that focus principally on CORE actions from 1961-1965, which was the period of Goldwag's main involvement with the organization. These files move from actions concerning local New York City area matters (e.g., local discrimination in housing, employment, education, etc.) to actions with a national orientation (e.g., support for civil rights in the South). Following the files that tend to have a focus on particular actions are those that hold newsletters, clippings, and other material concerned with various CORE and Brooklyn CORE matters.

Following the CORE-oriented segment is a small number of folders that relate to other activist organizations and subjects dating from the 1960s and 1970s. Following these are photocopies of New York City police reports on demonstrations and other actions by various groups, including CORE, from throughout the 1960s.

The series then turns to files that have an emphasis on Goldwag himself, including matters concerning his education at Brooklyn College, imprisonment at Rikers Island penitentiary, and other matters at the intersection of his activism and his personal life. The series closes with files dating from the 1980s-2000s that concern reunions, memorials, reminiscences, research papers, and other reflections on CORE, the civil rights struggle, and its continuing legacy.

As sharp as these dividing lines might appear, the researcher should be aware that there is a fair amount of overlapping material throughout the series so the arrangement described here should not be taken as rigid.

Folder content and descriptions

Although Goldwag's files were in no overall order, the bulk of the material was found in folders as labeled by Goldwag. All folder descriptions used by Goldwag were transcribed by the archivist to new archival folders and, with minor exception, content was left in the folder as Goldwag had it. To the extent that the archivist added clarifications to Goldwag's descriptions, these clarifications were shown in [brackets]. Non-substantive changes to labels (e.g., the original "Imp Assoc" rendered by the archivist as "Improvement Association") were not bracketed. Also shown in [brackets] were folder descriptions assigned by the archivist to material found in unlabeled folders or as loose material. Material found loose or in unlabeled folders was not combined by the archivist with materials on the same or similar topic from a Goldwag-labeled folder.

Some of Goldwag's folder descriptions included date ranges, and these were transcribed by the archivist to the new folders. However, these dates often were not entirely consistent with the folder's contents. Accordingly, the archivist also noted on all folders, below the description, the date range observed during processing; only the observed date range is included in the finding aid's container list.

Generally, the archivist discarded Goldwag's original folders because of their poor condition. However, in some instances the original folders had notations other than the label written on them. For these, either the original folder was retained within the new archival folder or, more commonly because of the poor condition of the original, a photocopy of the notation was retained.

Many of the folders contained newspaper clippings or other documents that had been taped or glued to paper backing that had contextual information (e.g., dates) written on it by Goldwag. Because the document had fallen away from the backing over time, the archivist photocopied the two documents together to show their original relationship. Generally in the case of text-only clippings, the originals were then discarded. Any photocopies made by the archivist and placed in the collection were noted as such in [brackets] on the copy; the notation [CPBA] found on many copies is an acronym for "clipping photocopied by archivist." Photocopies with no bracketed annotations were in the original Goldwag material.

Scope and Contents

Subject Files principally includes correspondence, newsletters, event announcements (e.g., fliers), directions to demonstrators, photographs, press releases, clippings, and other documents related to Brooklyn CORE's civil rights activism, particularly for the period 1961-1965. The documents in the series reflect actions on a number of fronts. Protests over garbage (Operation Clean Sweep), apartment/housing conditions, traffic, police brutality, and other problems facing the local community are well-represented, especially for the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn. Actions confronting employment discrimination are included, such as those involving Sealtest, Schaefer, White Castle, construction jobs at Downstate Medical Center, and Ebinger Baking; a copy of the signed agreement with Ebinger Baking concerning hiring of African-Americans and Puerto Ricans is in the series.

The series includes much on protests against de facto school segregation, including actions such as Operation Shutdown and Elaine and Jerome Bibuld's efforts to move their children from an underperforming minority-majority school to a more effective school. The series includes material on the Stall-In, Brooklyn CORE's well-publicized plan to back up traffic at the opening of the 1964 World's Fair as a protest against employment and other forms of discrimination.

Brooklyn CORE's response to national events is also documented. Responses included participation in the 1962 Freedom Highways program (CORE's challenge to segregated facilities), Operation Federal Intervention in Georgia (FIG), and the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Local actions, including a call for a Christmas shopping boycott, in response to the church bombing and murder of children in Birmingham are represented. Letters written to editors and others protesting cultural imagery/representations of African-Americans in the press, comic strips, etc. are in the series.

In addition to Brooklyn CORE, other New York-area CORE chapters and organizations, such as the Harlem Parents Committee and the Metropolitan Council on Housing, were involved in the actions of the early 1960s, and the series includes documents related to them as well. Documents from national CORE, such as committee minutes, and national groups, especially the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), are included to a limited extent in the series.

The series also includes files that illuminate the human dimensions of civil rights activism, in the person of Arnie Goldwag. The series includes Goldwag's files of his activism at Brooklyn College in the late 1950s, his mid-1960s readmission and graduation, his selective service (draft) card, draft induction notice, and record of arrests principally during various civil rights actions. The series includes correspondence sent to Goldwag while he was in Rikers Island penitentiary and his reflections on CORE while in prison, as well as other correspondence to Goldwag from friends and family.

The focus of Subject Files on CORE actions centers on the first half of the 1960s; there is little material on CORE actions from later periods. Nevertheless, other local organizations continue to be represented through the 1960s, especially Vietnam War opposition/peace organizations such as End the Draft (ETD) and Committee for Peace Organization (CPO). Several of ETD's newsletter,  downdraft, and CPO's newsletter,  ergo, are in the series. Many documents relate to the military draft refusal trial of David Henry Mitchell, including End the Draft's  downdraft commentary. Mitchell's lawyer was Conrad J. Lynn, the African-American civil rights attorney; Lynn also represented Goldwag in at least some of his legal matters, so documents prepared by Lynn on Goldwag's behalf are in the series. Nonetheless, with some exceptions, such as material related to Major Owens's 1986 congressional campaign, the series holds very little material from the 1970s and 1980s. Picking up in the 1990s and 2000s, the series includes memorials, tributes, obituaries, reminiscences, historical research papers, interviews, reunions, and other such material as Goldwag and other former CORE activists reflected back on their 1960s activism.

The series also holds many photocopies of police reports, notably from the New York City Bureau of Special Services, concerning protests, demonstrations, meetings, and other events held by CORE and other organizations in New York throughout the 1960s and into the early 1970s. These were presumably obtained by Goldwag in the 1990s or later in response to disclosure requests; a copy of at least one such request from Goldwag is in the series. Finally, the series holds a variety of lapel pins and buttons from election campaigns, anti-war demonstrations, union activities, and other matters.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Housing Sit-Ins (Misc), Etc.
1961-1964
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Whitings - Housing
1962-1963
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Brooklyn, Etc. Rent Strikes; Rent Control
1963-1964
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Rent Strike
1963-1964
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Garbage [Bed-Stuy]
1950, 1962-1963
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Traffic - Bed-Stuy
1963
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Community Problems - Misc
1962-1964
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Employment Misc
1963-1965
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Ebingers [Employment]
1962-1963
Box: 1 Folder : 10 White Castle - Bronx, Brooklyn, N.J.
1963-1965
Box: 1 Folder : 11 [Mayor's Action Panel - Union Hiring Recommendations]
1963
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Flower and Fifth, Beth-El, Bronxville [Hospitals]
1962-1965
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Harlem Hospital
1963
Box: 1 Folder : 14-16 Downstate Medical Center [and other actions] - Lists, Etc. (3 folders)
1963-2003
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Civil Liberties, Religious Freedom, Academic Freedom
1963-1965
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Jones Beach (L.I. CORE)
1963
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Long Beach (L.I. CORE)
1963
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Board of Ed - [Elizabeth] Weeks, [Leonard] Morris
1963
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Board of Ed - Bibuld - Leaflets, Etc.
1962-1963
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Board of Ed - Bibuld
1962-1963
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Board of Ed - Sit-Ins (Dec 16 and 30)
1963-1964
Box: 2 Folder : 7 [School] Boycott (Sept 9, 1963 and Feb 3, 1964), and 275 [Junior High School Integration]
1963-1964
Box: 2 Folder : 8 [School] Boycott #2 (March 16)
1964
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Schools - Misc Including PAT, Picketing, Etc.
1963-1964
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Operation Shutdown
1964-1966
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Imagery
1963-1966
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Misc Brutality Cases - NYC Police Dept
1963-1964
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Morris Lewis [Shot by Police, Brooklyn]
1963
Box: 3 Folder : 4 CORE Picketing Etc. of Police Dept
1963-1964
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Riots - Harlem, Philadelphia, Bedford-Stuyvesant
1964-1966
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Independent Community Improvement Assoc - 125th St Boycott
1964
Box: 3 Folder : 7 [Correspondence re: CORE Actions]
1963-1964
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Freedom Ride - Rallies, Film, Etc. and Freedom Highways
1961-1962, 1965, 2001
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Cambridge, Maryland [Segregated Facilities]
1962-1963
Box: 3 Folder : 10 KKK - WCC - PAT, Etc.
1961-1965
Box: 3 Folder : 11 House UnAmerican Activities Committee - Activities, Etc. (HUAC)
circa 1961-1966
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Demonstrations - Philadelphia [Chester]; N.J.
1962-1965
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Birmingham
1963
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Christmas Buying Boycott
1963-1964
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Bill Moore [Murder], Freedom March
1963
Box: 3 Folder : 16 [March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom]
1963, 2003
Box: 4 Folder : 1 March on Washington (Aug 20, 1963), Also Walk Brooklyn - DC
1963-1964, 2003
Box: 4 Folder : 2 [March on Washington, photocopies of 1963 documents]
circa 2003
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Southern Phenomena [Anti-discrimination Actions]
1960-1965
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Mississippi (Including Medgar Evers)
1963-1966
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Black Power, White Power, Jewish Power,Italian, etc.
circa 1963-1966, 1989
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Selma, Alabama
1965
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Misc Politics
1962-1977
Box: 4 Folder : 8 [Brooklyn CORE Actions]
1961-1964
Box: 4 Folder : 9-10 [Event Announcements, Newsletters, Correspondence, Programs, Clippings, etc.] (2 folders)
1962-1964
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Clippings
1962-1965
Box: 5 Folder : 2-6 [Clippings] (5 folders)
1963-1964
Box: 5 Folder : 7 [Clippings]
1963-1964, 1966
Box: 5 Folder : 8 [Clippings and Other Documents]
1962-1964, 1989
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Brooklyn CORE Newsletters (1 of 3)
1961-1965, 1967
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Brooklyn CORE Newsletters (2 of 3)
1964
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Brooklyn CORE Newsletters (3 of 3)
1963, 1983-2000
Box: 6 Folder : 2 CORE - Letterhead, Business Cards, Etc.
circa 1963
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Constitutions, By-Laws - Brooklyn CORE, Brooklyn College CORE, National CORE
circa 1962-1964
Box: 6 Folder : 4 [CORE Sit-In Songs]
1962
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Freedom Songs
circa 1964
Box: 6 Folder : 6 [CORE Chapter Chairmen and Offices]
1964
Box: 6 Folder : 7 CORE Conventions - Minutes, Reports, Etc. and National Action Council Minutes
1962-1964
Box: 6 Folder : 8 CORE Literature and Reports
circa 1956-1966
Box: 6 Folder : 9 In Freedom's Defense; Brooklyn Civil Rights Defense Committee Correspondence
1964
Box: 6 Folder : 10 [The Zealots - Pan-Semitic Brotherhood]
circa 1964
Box: 6 Folder : 11 RAM - Revolutionary Activity (Domestic)
1964-1967, 1973
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Alliance for Jobs or Income Now
circa 1965
Box: 6 Folder : 13 [Letters to Editor re: Malcolm X]
1965
Box: 6 Folder : 14 Plots - Statue of Liberty, Wilkins-Young [Assassination]
1965-1967
Box: 6 Folder : 15 SNCC Literature Etc.
circa 1963-circa 1966
Box: 6 Folder : 16 Nuclear Weapons, Fallout
1963
Box: 6 Folder : 17 fACTs,  ergo [Committee for Peace Organization]
1961-1965
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Peace, Disarmament
circa 1963-1965
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Dave Mitchell vs United States [Draft Resistance]
1965-1967
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Vietnam - Publications (From and About)
1965-1966
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Vietnam - Protests, Criticism
1965-1969
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Vietnam - The War, Internal Opposition, US Statements
1967-1968, 1974
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Rosenberg - Sobell Case
1963-1967, 1975-1978, 1983-1984
Box: 7 Folder : 7 [Dick Gregory for President Handbills]
1968
Box: 7 Folder : 8 [Brooklyn Committee in Defense of the Black Panthers - Statement]
1970
Box: 7 Folder : 9 KCLR [Community Action Group]
1971
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Migrant Labor, Grape Pickers, Etc., Coal Miners
1960-1965
Box: 7 Folder : 11 [ Unconstitutional Conditions, The Property Rights of Indigents, and Equal Protection Analysis, paper by Alan R. Wolfson]
1974
Box: 7 Folder : 12 Africa, So. America, Etc., Apartheid, Colonialism, Revolution
1977
Box: 7 Folder : 13-14 [ Children's Rights Report, ACLU publication] (2 folders)
1976-1979
Box: 7 Folder : 15 [Request for Disclosure of Police Department Files]
1986, 1991
Box: 7 Folder : 16 [Police Reports] Metropolitan Council on Housing
1961-1971
Box: 7 Folder : 17 [Police Reports] Goldwag, Arnold
1962-1971
Box: 8 Folder : 1 [Police Reports] Harlem Hospital
1963
Box: 8 Folder : 2 [Police Reports] Rockaway Council of Civic Associations
1963
Box: 8 Folder : 3 [Police Reports] East Harlem Triangle Civic Association (including CORE, Harlem Parents, Kinloch)
1963-1964
Box: 8 Folder : 4 [Police Reports] Procept
1963-1964
Box: 8 Folder : 5 [Police Reports] Harlem Parents Committee
1963-1965, 1968-1969
Box: 8 Folder : 6 [Police Reports] CORE Brooklyn - Rent Strikes and Police HQ; CORE - General
1963-1964, 1977
Box: 8 Folder : 7 [Police Reports] School Boycott
1963-1965
Box: 8 Folder : 8 [Police Reports] Mississippi Relief Committee, Mississippi-Alabama Southern Relief Committee
1963, 1965
Box: 8 Folder : 9 [Police Reports] Independent Community Improvement Association
1963, 1966
Box: 8 Folder : 10 [Police Reports] Hotel Industry - Discrimination
1964
Box: 8 Folder : 11 [Police Reports] Alliance for Jobs and Income Now
1964-1968
Box: 8 Folder : 12 [Police Reports] Police Brutality; Core and Brooklyn Freedom Democratic Movement
1965
Box: 8 Folder : 13 [Police Reports] Saul Alinsky, Clergy Concerned, Citywide [Committee for Emergency Services]
1965-1966
Box: 8 Folder : 14 [Police Reports] SNCC
1965, 1974
Box: 8 Folder : 15 [Police Reports] Rent Control
1967
Box: 8 Folder : 16 [Police Reports] Peace and Freedom Party, United Farm Workers
1967-1969
Box: 8 Folder : 17 [Police Reports] NYU - Washington Square
1968
Box: 8 Folder : 18 [Police Reports] Poor Peoples Campaign (ML King)
1968
Box: 8 Folder : 19 [Police Reports] SDS [Columbia University Community Action Committee]
1968
Box: 8 Folder : 20 [Police Reports] Wallace for President [Rally at Park Sheraton]
1968
Box: 8 Folder : 21 [Police Reports] Vietnam / Hiroshima [Protest Demonstrations]
1968-1969
Box: 8 Folder : 22 [Police Reports] Freedom and Peace Party
1968-1969
Box: 8 Folder : 23 [Police Reports] Hiroshima Week
1969
Box: 8 Folder : 24 [Police Reports] Youth Against War and Facism, Anti Imperialism Rally
1968, 1970
Box: 8 Folder : 25 [Police Reports] Cambridge, MD - [Caravan for] Justice 4 Rap Brown (Freedom and Peace Party)
1968-1969
Box: 8 Folder : 26 [Police Reports] Attica Prison Riot Protest - YAWF [Youth Against War and Fascism] and Others
1971
Box: 8 Folder : 27-28 [Police Reports] (2 folders)
1962-1969, undated
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Arnie - Brooklyn College
1956-1968
Box: 9 Folder : 2-4 [ History and Analysis of Resistance to Military Conscription, 1863-1968, paper by Arnold Goldwag] (3 copies)
1968
Box: 9 Folder : 5-7 Notes and Source Material - Paper on History of the Draft - All Cases, Etc., Mitchell [includes photocopies of material dated circa 1917-1964] (3 folders)
circa 1968
Box: 9 Folder : 8 The Metamorphosis of West African Religion and Culture in the Caribbean and the United States, paper by Arnold Goldwag
1968
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Otis Gamm [Clippings from Kingsman, Brooklyn College]
1958-1961
Box: 10 Folder : 1 People vs Goldwag - Subway
1961
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Select Service and Army
1961-1963, 1967-1968
Box: 10 Folder : 3 U.S. Post Office - Application, Papers, Transcripts, Etc.
1963-1964
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Violation of Probation
1963-1964, 1966
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Appointment Books
1963-1964
Box: 10 Folder : 6 [Goldwag Prison Term]
1964
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Rikers Island Penitentiary
1964-1965
Box: 10 Folder : 8-11 Personal - Correspondence (4 folders)
1962-1980s
Box: 11 Folder : 1 [Correspondence]
1989, 1998-2005
Box: 11 Folder : 2 [Miscellaneous Notes]
circa 1964-circa 2000
Box: 11 Folder : 3 [Keypunched Cards]
undated
Box: 11 Folder : 4 15 Crown [Realty], Crown St. Air Pollution, Crown Auto Laundry
1966-1968
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Bushwick Correspondence
1980-1983
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Cobble Hill [-Carroll Gardens Social Service Center]
1978-1981
Box: 11 Folder : 7 [Major Owens]
1986-2002
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Marches, Demonstrations - Georgia, Wash DC, NY, Etc.
1963, 1983-2002
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Health, Vitamins, Etc.
1972-2005
Box: 11 Folder : 10 House, Outdoors, Indoors
1983-2003
Box: 11 Folder : 11-12 First Annual Leadership Training Institute and Civil Rights Reunion (2 folders)
1990
Box: 11 Folder : 13 [First Annual Leadership Training Institute and Civil Rights Reunion]
1990-1991
Box: 11 Folder : 14 [Isaiah House Brochure]
circa 1990
Box: 12 Folder : 1 [ Bloodlines, Publication of Rural Organizing and Cultural Center]
1988, 1990
Box: 12 Folder : 2 [ Free at Last, Publication of Southern Poverty Law Center]
1989
Box: 12 Folder : 3 [Freedom Riders Commemorative Conference]
1991
Box: 12 Folder : 4 [ Appeal to this Age: Photography of the Civil Rights Movement, Exhibition Catalog]
1994
Box: 12 Folder : 5-7 [CORE Reunions] (3 folders)
1989, 1999-2000
Box: 12 Folder : 8 [CORE Reunion and James Farmer Tribute - Member Contact Effort]
1962, 1966, 1999
Box: 12 Folder : 9 [Miscellaneous Civil Rights Material]
1998, 2000
Box: 12 Folder : 10-11 People I Know (2 folders)
circa 1986-2003
Box: 13 Folder : 1 Death, Obits - CORE, Union, Etc.
circa 1985-2004
Box: 13 Folder : 2 [James Farmer Memorials]
1997, 1999, 2001
Box: 13 Folder : 3 [Memorials and Tributes]
1988-1989, 2002, 2006
Box: 13 Folder : 4 [ Long Walk to Freedom, Exhibition Pamphlet]
2001
Box: 13 Folder : 5-7 [Historical Research Papers, Requests, and Proposals] (3 folders)

General note

Includes research papers written by Brian J. Purnell concerning CORE actions.

1985-2006
Box: 13 Folder : 8 [Clippings]
1983-2007
Box: 14-15 [Lapel Pins and Buttons - Elections, Anti-War, etc.] (2 boxes)
circa 1960-circa 2000

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