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Guide to the Caspar F. Goodrich Collection
1862-1933
  MS 439.21

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


@ 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Celia Hartmann

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on October 25, 2011
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: Caspar F. Goodrich Collection
Dates: 1862-1933
Abstract: The collection includes official correspondence, notes and texts of lectures Admiral Goodrich delivered while an instructor at the Naval War College, other writings including the edited manuscript of his memoirs, extracts from the diary of his grandfather Captain James Goodrich, and a scrapbook of newspaper clippings on the Spanish-American War.
Quantity: 1.3 Linear feet (3 boxes, 1 volume)
Location note: Manuscript cage
Call Phrase: MS 439.21

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Biographical Note

1847 Caspar Frederick Goodrich born Philadelphia, January 7
1861-1864 Attends US Naval Academy, graduating first in his class
1864-1865 Assigned to New York Navy Yard
1865-1868 With European squadron aboard Colorado and  Frolic
1868 Promoted to Lieutenant Commander
1868-1871 Aboard Portsmouth, South Atlantic Squadron
1871-1874 At US Naval Academy; teaches physics and chemistry in 1871. Helps to found U.S. Naval Institute
1876 Daughter Eleanor born
1881 Son Caspar born, Florence, Italy
1881-1884 Aboard Lancaster, flagship for European Squadron
1882-1885 Inspector of ordnance, Washington Navy Yard
1883 Publishes "Report of the British naval and military operations in Egypt, 1882"
1886-1890 Officer in charge, Torpedo Station, Newport, RI
1889 Serves as President, Naval War College, Portsmouth, RI
1891 Torpedo Board formed to research uses of torpedoes in naval operations
1891-1896 Commands sail training ships Jamestown and  Constellation, and gunboat   Concord
1897 Promoted to captain
1897-1898 Serves as President, Naval War College, Portsmouth, RI
1898 Originates Coastal Signal Service (designed to warn shoreline populace of an impending coastal attack by foreign ships) and serves as its Director
1898 Commands St. Louis and   Newark during the Spanish-American War, receiving the surrender of Manzanillo, Cuba, 12 August
1899-1900 Commands Iowa in Pacific Squadron
1900 Publishes "The naval side of the revolutionary war"
1900-1901 Lecturer, Naval War College, Portsmouth, RI
1901-1904 Commandant, Philadelphia Navy Yard
1904 Promoted to rear admiral
1904-1906 Named commander in chief, Pacific Fleet
1904-1909 Serves as President, U.S. Naval Institute
1907 Lieutenant Caspar Goodrich killed aboard USS Georgia, 15 July
1907-1909 Commandant, New York Navy Yard
1909 Retires from active duty
1914-1916 President, Naval History Society
1918 Recalled to active duty as Commander, Naval Training Unit, Princeton Graduate College
1918-1919: Officer in charge of Pay Officers Material School, Princeton Graduate College
1924 Writes memoir "Rope yarns from the old navy"
1925 Dies, Princeton, New Jersey
1931 Naval History Society publishes "Rope yarns from the old navy," edited by James Barnes, as eleventh volume of its publications
1933 Mrs. Goodrich donates the manuscript of "Rope yarns" to the Naval History Society
1936 Eleanor Goodrich (Mrs. C.T Davis) donates Goodrich collection to the Naval History Society

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Scope and Content Note

The collection includes official correspondence, notes and texts of lectures Admiral Goodrich delivered while a lecturer at the Naval War College, other writings including the edited manuscript of his memoirs, and extracts from the diary of his grandfather, Captain James Goodrich.

The Goodrich Collection forms Series 21 of the Naval History Society Collection, comprising 53 individual collections named for famous naval figures and ships, as well as the records of the Naval History Society itself, and donated to the New-York Historical Society by the Naval History Society in 1925.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in five series:

  1. Series I. Correspondence
  2. Series II. Naval War College lectures and lecture notes
  3. Series III. Writings
  4. Series IV. James Goodrich journal transcripts
  5. Series V. Bound volumes

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Goodrich, Caspar Frederick, 1847-1925

Document Type

  • Clippings
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts
  • Maps
  • Orders (military records)
  • Photographic prints
  • Scrapbooks
  • Transcripts

Subject Organizations

  • Naval War College (U.S.)
  • United States Naval Institute

Subject Topics

  • Coast defenses
  • Colorado (Frigate)
  • Kearsarge (Sloop)
  • Naval battles
  • Naval education - United States
  • Naval tactics
  • Navy-yards and naval stations - New York (State) -- New York
  • Navy-yards and naval stations - Pennsylvania
  • Princeton University -History -20th century

Subject Places

  • United States. Navy - History -Spanish American War, 1898
  • United States. Navy - Officers -- Education

Family Name(s)

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Administrative Information

Provenance

Donated to the New-York Historical Society in 1936 by the Naval History Society.

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. (Researchers may not accrue unused copy amounts from previous days.)

Use Restrictions

Permission to quote from this collection in a publication must be requested and granted in writing. Send permission requests, citing the name of the collection from which you wish to quote, to

Library Director
The New-York Historical Society
Two West 77th Street
New York, NY 10024

The copyright law of the United States governs the making of photocopies and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials. Unpublished materials created before January 1, 1978 cannot be quoted in publication without permission of the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as NHSC-Goodrich, The New-York Historical Society.

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Container List

Series I: Correspondence (1871-1918)

Scope and Contents note

The series consists mainly of official correspondence received, including orders to report to ships, permissions for leave, administration of the Torpedo Board, service on various courts martial, and assignments to lecture at the Naval War College. The letters sent are mostly typescript carbons with some letterpress copies, and include official reports filed on operations and cruises, providing details of the responsibilities of a ship's commander in this period. John Meigs's January 1909 letters discuss the formation of a naval historical society and in that year John Sanford Barnes sends draft bylaws of the Naval Historical Society, comparing it to Britain's Naval Records Society. The last document was found in the original Correspondence box and is not in Goodrich's handwriting; it may have been written by New-York Historical Society librarian Dorothy Barck.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters sent
1871-1906
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Draft to Ben Lamberton
1895 December 8
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Letters received
1863 -1878
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Letters received
1881 -1884
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Letters received
1885 - 1887
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Letters received
1888 - 1889
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Letters received
1890 - 1893
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Letters received
1894 - 1895
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Letters received
1896 - 1897
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Letters received
1903 - 1906
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Letters received
1909, 1918
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Printed enclosure: H.R. 8476, Committee on Naval Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives
1895
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Note on post-war planning
Undated

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Series II. Naval War College lectures and lecture notes (1862-1904)

Scope and Contents note

The subseries includes notes, handwritten drafts, and final versions (mostly carbon typescripts) of lectures Goodrich presented at the Naval War College, as well as notes on other topics. Also included are a newspaper clipping and a list of personal items, perhaps from the Goodrich residence, found with the lecture materials. "The Problem of 96" is one of the annual examinations by College cadets of a challenge in coastal defense: the 1896 one looked at a specific part of nearby Narragansett Bay. This is an early precursor of the theoretical "war games" the College famously initiated.

The numbered lectures were delivered in order as part of a series on famous international naval encounters, from the Battle of Sluys in 1340 to Drake's destruction of King Phillip's fleet in Cadiz Harbor in 1587, Napoleon's Nile Campaign of 1798, and the 1827 Battle of Navarino during the Greek War of Independence. These form the backdrop for Goodrich's final multipart lecture on Dewey's engagement in Manila during the Spanish-American War, which had occurred only three years before these lectures. It is unclear if the material on the Army's landing in Cuba formed part of this presentation.

Arrangement

The lecture notes are arranged chronologically and the numbered lectures in order as noted on them and their original packaging. Some lectures' accompanying graphic materials (maps and photoreproductions probably used in the preparation of lantern slides) were pinned to the lecture text; these have been separated, numbered by page on which they appeared, and housed by lecture. The notes' original envelopes are in separate folders; they may date any time from the lectures in 1901 to the collection's donation to the Naval History Society in 1933.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Extract from "Fortifications and Sea Coast Defenses," Congressional Committee on Military Affairs
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Lists of personal items
probably 1890s
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Problem of 96: Eggemoggin Reach; copy of Admiral Mahan letter to Taylor on the subject
1895 July 19, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Newspaper clipping on privateering
1896 April 16
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Letter on armored cruisers from Admiral W.S. Schley
1896 July 23
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Naval War College documents: Elements of a "War Chart and Defense Plan"; definition of art of war; document on international law
1896, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Letter defining Mediterranean compass variations 1798; notes on Egyptian campaign of 1798
1901 Jan 22, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 First lecture: Battle of Sluys. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 9 First lecture: Battle of Sluys. Photoreproductions, maps
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Second lecture: Singeing the King of Spain's Beard: Cadiz, 1587. Draft
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Second lecture: Singeing the King of Spain's Beard: Cadiz, 1587. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Third lecture: Blake at Porto Farina. Draft
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Third lecture: Blake at Porto Farina. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Third lecture: Blake at Porto Farina. Maps and photoreproductions.
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Fourth lecture: Blake's last fight - Santa Cruz de Teneriffe, April 20, 1627. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Fifth lecture: The Nile Campaign I. The Pursuit. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Sixth lecture: The Battle of the Nile II. The Attack. Draft
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Sixth lecture: The Battle of the Nile II. The Attack. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Sixth lecture: The Battle of the Nile II. The Attack. Maps and reproductions
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Seventh lecture: The Battle of Navarino. Draft.
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Dewey at Manila: Notes
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Dewey at Manila: I. Introduction. II. Strained Relations. III. Dewey's Objectives. IV. Authorities. V. American Preparations
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Dewey at Manila: VI. The Opposing Forces. VII. Spanish Preparations. VIII. Spanish Accounts of the Battle
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Dewey at Manila: IX. American Accounts of the Battle. X. The Finish
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 25 The landing of the army in Cuba
circa 1901
Box: OS 1 Folder : 8 Assorted lecture notes. Envelope
1904
Box: OS 1 Folder : 9 Second lecture. Singeing of the King of Spain's Beard. Envelope
Undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 10 Seventh lecture. The Battle of Navarino. Envelope
Undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 11 Seventh lecture. The Battle of Navarino. Map blueprints
Undated
Box: OS 3 Folder : 1 Sixth lecture. Battle of the Nile. Envelopes
Undated

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Series III. Writings (1901-1933)

Scope and Contents note

The subseries includes notes and final versions of Goodrich's writings, apart from the lectures he delivered at the Naval War College, including various topics in naval warfare, an address on establishing a naval training facility in San Diego, and his 1924 memoirs. The latter includes a typescript with handwritten emendations probably by James Barnes, who edited the work for publication by the Naval History Society ("Rope yarns from the old navy," published by J.J. Little & Ives Co., as the eleventh volume of the Society's publications), and a final clean version incorporating those changes. The memoirs are an affectionate look at his early service in the Navy, which he describes as "coincident with the great changes from sail to steam; from wooden frigates to steel dreadnoughts; from smooth bore muzzle loaders to breech loading rifled cannon; from man power to electricity."

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Logistics
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Coast defense
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Label from wrapper for writings on coast defense and logistics
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Navigation
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Interior water communication
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Scouting for the U.S.S. Tacony
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Dutch - French - English Wars of the 17th Century
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Extracts from G.B. Mundy's 1830 Biography of Admiral Rodney
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 9 "Confidential report of Gunnery Information Obtained During a Visit to England - British Battle Practice"
1905 June
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Comments to San Diego Chamber of Commerce about establishing a naval training station
circa 1916
Box: 3 Folder : 11 In memoriam: Tribute to Stephen Bleecker Luce, published by the Naval History Society
1919
Box: 3 Folder : 12 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": Cover page, foreword, comments
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 13 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": I. How I Entered the Navy. II. At the Naval Academy During the Civil War. III. Some Experiences as a Midshipman
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 14 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": IV. Goldsborough. V. My First Foreign Port. VI. Mediterranean Cruise, Concluded. VII. With Farragut
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 15 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": VIII. In the South Atlantic, 1869-1871. IX. A Remote Island Community. X. St. Paul de Loando - St. Helena - Ascension. XI. In Asiatic Waters, 1875-1878
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 16 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": XII. Another European Cruise. XIII. Another European Cruise (Concluded). XIV. The Last of My Sailing Ships: 1. The Jamestown.
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 17 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": XV. 2. The Constellation. XVI. Bluejackets of the Old Navy
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 18 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": Complete revised typescript
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 19 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": Typescript box, presented to the Naval History Society March 29, 1933
1933

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Series IV. James Goodrich journal transcripts (undated)

Scope and Contents note

The subseries consists of undated notes in Goodrich's hand, and a typed transcript, from the logs of Captain James Goodrich (dated 1796-1853) aboard various vessels, including Confederacy. These may be related to the publication in  Journal of American History (IV, II, pp. 273-280, 1910) of "First Commerce Under American Flag," by William Goodrich (grandson of James and brother of Caspar F.), which documents James Goodrich's claims against the French government for restitution of goods seized on a voyage.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 20 "Notes from the log of the Confederacyfrom London to Madeira to China (in which James Goodrich sailed), 1796 Jan 10 - 1797 June 9
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 21 "Miscellaneous abstracts from journal on board the ship Fame etc. of Capt. James Goodrich, London to New Orleans", 1800-1801
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 22 "Random notes from the journals of Captain James W. Goodrich", 1823 - 1853
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Typed transcript from James Goodrich logs: Conditions in Whampoa, China (probably aboard Galaxy), circa 1835
Undated

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Subseries V. Bound volumes

Scope and Contents note

The subseries consists of a scrapbook of newspaper clippings on the Spanish-American War.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Scrapbook of clippings on the Spanish-American War
1898

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