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Guide to the Naval History Society Collection
1721-1995 (bulk 1781-1936)
  MS 439

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Celia Hartmann.

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on May 29, 2018
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Creator: Naval History Society
Title: The Naval History Society Collection
Dates: 1721-1995 (bulk 1781-1936)
Abstract: The collection consists of 53 separate collections, many named for renowned naval officers or vessels, documenting both military engagements and routine shipboard experience on naval and some commercial vessels, as well as naval design and the education of officers. The collections include correspondence, letter books, journals and diaries, lectures, essays, account books, biographical writings, genealogical information, scrapbooks, orders, notes, articles and clippings, photographs, manuscripts, and ships' logs, as well as the organizational records and correspondence of the Naval History Society itself. Portions of this collection relating to the Civil War have been digitized and are available to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.
Quantity: 70.0 Linear feet (104 boxes, 230 volumes)
Call Phrase: MS 439

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Scope and Content Note

The Collection consists of 53 individual collections, many named for renowned naval officers or vessels. These include correspondence, letter books, journals and diaries, lectures, essays, account books, biographical writings, genealogical information, scrapbooks, orders, notes, articles and clippings, photographs, manuscripts, and ships' logs, as well as the organizational records and correspondence of the Naval History Society itself.

The majority of the collections document American naval engagements and commercial maritime pursuits, personalities, and vessels; a few collections of British and French documents are included (Series 18, 22, 39, 50). The Collection as a whole provides primary sources on American naval involvement in hostilities from the Revolution (1775-1783) to the Spanish American War (1898), as well as routine commercial and naval shipboard life, naval design, navigation, education and officer training. The Society's records (Series 53) document the founding, management, and activities of a collecting and publishing organization in the first third of the 20th century.

As well as documenting individual events and personalities, the Collection is a richly detailed example of late 19th and early 20th century subject-specific collecting activity and interests. Many of the collections are so-called artificial collections, with items specifically accumulated and grouped together to document a particular subject or person, and showing the personality and interests of the collector through the materials' organization and editing.

The Collection reflects most strongly the personal interest of John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3), founding President of the Naval History Society in 1909 and a collector of books, manuscripts, and memorabilia connected to naval history and personalities. His son, Col. James Barnes (see Series 4), donated Barnes's collections to the Naval History Society in 1915. The library was cataloged under the XN call number and the artifacts included in the museum collections of New-York Historical Society after it absorbed the Naval History Society's collections in 1925 (see Series 53 for a complete chronology).

Other materials were subsequently donated to or purchased by the Naval History Society in fulfillment of its mission of "publishing and preserving manuscripts, documents, and writings relating to our naval history, naval art and science, and the surroundings and experiences of seamen in general and of American seamen in particular." Some of the manuscript collections were edited and published by the Naval History Society for distribution to its members (see Series 53, subseries VI, for a complete list). The John Barry (Series 5), James Fenimore Cooper (Series 11), John Paul Jones (Series 28), Officers' autograph letters signed (Series 44), and Miscellaneous Manuscripts (Series 52) collections document the emphasis on autograph and highpoint collecting typical of his time, which were particular interests of John Sanford Barnes.

The collections vary in size and complexity, from one volume to an individual's lifetime of personal and family papers. Although amassed separately, because of their shared focus the constituent collections are interrelated in illuminating ways: Assistant Secretary of the Navy Gustavus Vasa Fox (Series 17) is strongly represented in Monitor designer John Ericsson's (Series 16) correspondence received (and vice versa), while the USS  Dictator (Series 13) collection provides a photograph of an ironclad of the Monitor class; Charles Biddle's (Series 6) early documentation of Panama prefigures the extensive and routine ocean traffic of the Gold Rush period (Series 43); Theodore P. Greene (Series 24) commanded a vessel on which Richard Worsam Meade 3rd (Series 31) served; the collections containing material on Isaac Hull and William Bainbridge (Series 1, Series 27, Series 52) provide complementary documentation of the naval engagements of the War of 1812; while the commercial logbooks in both Series 43 and 51 document some of the same routes.

Although focused on naval history, the Collection is by no means exhaustive or complete. Barnes's personal interest; collections put on the market by individuals, dealers, and auction houses; and changing levels of interest in collections of both notable individuals and those lesser known all contributed to the availability of materials and their eventual inclusion in (or absence from) the Collection.

Portions of this collection relating to the Civil War have been digitized and are available to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged into 53 series in the alphabetical order of the Naval History Society's individual named collections, followed by three series of logbooks, a Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection, and the Society's records series.

In some cases the inclusion of materials in a series seems fairly arbitrary. For example, John Sanford Barnes's materials on John Barry and John Paul Jones appear both in those named series (Series 5, Series 28) and in the appropriate folders of the Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection (Series 52). The final series is the records of the Society itself, documenting all of its routine activities including the editing and publishing of some of the manuscript collections; it is organized into seven subseries.

The Barnes family materials have been organized into three individual series: General James Barnes, John Sanford Barnes, Colonel James Barnes (Series 2-4). The logbooks have also been organized into three separate series: US Navy, British Navy, and commercial vessels (Series 49-51). Larger collections of mixed papers and published materials, including those of Gustavus Vasa Fox (Series 17) and Caspar Goodrich (Series 21), have been organized into subseries. Original order within folders has been retained; some materials are now housed in separate oversized (OS) boxes, noted in the container lists.

The series are:

  1. Series 1. William Bainbridge
  2. Series 2. General James Barnes
  3. Series 3. John Sanford Barnes
  4. Series 4. Col James Barnes
  5. Series 5. John Barry
  6. Series 6. Charles Biddle
  7. Series 7. USS Boston
  8. Series 8. French E. Chadwick
  9. Series 9. Henry Clinton
  10. Series 10. Gustavus Conyngham
  11. Series 11. James Fenimore Cooper
  12. Series 12. Francis G. Dallas
  13. Series 13. USS Dictator
  14. Series 14. William C. Duer
  15. Series 15. George R. Durand
  16. Series 16. John Ericsson
  17. Series 17. Gustavus Vasa Fox
  18. Series 18. France, Navy
  19. Series 19. Alexander Gallop
  20. Series 20. USS General Grant
  21. Series 21. Caspar F. Goodrich
  22. Series 22. Great Britain, Navy
  23. Series 23. Samuel Dana Greene
  24. Series 24. Theodore P. Greene
  25. Series 25. Lewis Randolph Hamersly
  26. Series 26. Lt. William Henderson
  27. Series 27. Isaac Hull
  28. Series 28. John Paul Jones
  29. Series 29. Edward Yorke McCauley
  30. Series 30. Richard Worsam Meade 2nd
  31. Series 31. Richard Worsam Meade 3rd
  32. Series 32. Ensign D.W. Mullan
  33. Series 33. Navigation notebook
  34. Series 34. Thomas Pattison
  35. Series 35. USS Pensacola
  36. Series 36. Oliver Hazard Perry
  37. Series 37. Pt. Lookout Sketchbook
  38. Series 38. Rhode Island
  39. Series 39. G.B. Rodney
  40. Series 40. Edward Hallam Saltonstall
  41. Series 41. USF Savannah
  42. Series 42. Sarah Smith Stafford
  43. Series 43. US Mail Steam Ship Company
  44. Series 44. US Navy: Officers' autograph letters signed
  45. Series 45. US Navy: Civil War ships
  46. Series 46. William K. Wheeler
  47. Series 47. John Ancrum Winslow
  48. Series 48. Henry A. Wise
  49. Series 49. Logbooks: US Navy
  50. Series 50. Logbooks: British Navy
  51. Series 51. Logbooks: Commercial vessels
  52. Series 52. Miscellaneous manuscripts
  53. Series 53. Naval History Society records

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Adams, Henry A., 1838-1918
  • Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848
  • Agassiz, Louis, 1822-1907
  • Almy, John Jay, 1815-1895
  • Aspinwall, William H.
  • Auchmuty, Robert N.
  • Bainbridge, William, 1774-1833
  • Bainbridge-Hoff, William, d. 1903
  • Barck, Dorothy C.
  • Barnes, James, 1809-1869
  • Barnes, James, 1866-1936
  • Barnes, John S. (John Sanford), 1836-1911
  • Barry, John, 1745-1803
  • Berrien, John MacPherson, 1781-1856
  • Biddle, Charles, 1787-1836
  • Biddle, James, 1783-1848
  • Blagge, John
  • Blair, Montgomery, 1813-1883
  • Bonner, John 1828-1899
  • Brownson, Willard H. (Willard Herbert), 1845-1935
  • Bushnell, Cornelius S. (Cornelius Scranton), 1826-1896
  • Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850
  • Chadwick, French Ensor, 1844-1919
  • Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873
  • Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840
  • Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795
  • Columbus, Christopher - Landfall
  • Conyngham, Gustavus, 1744?-1819
  • Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851 (Author)
  • Dale, Richard, 1756-1826
  • Dallas, Francis Gregory, 1824-1890
  • Dana, Richard Henry, 1815-1882
  • Davis, C. (Charles Henry), 1845-1921
  • Decatur, Stephen, 1779-1820
  • DeKoven, Anna Farwell, born 1860
  • Delamater, Cornelius H., 1821-1889
  • Dewey, George, 1837-1917
  • Eckford, Henry, 1775-1832
  • Ericsson, John, 1803-1889
  • Farragut, David Glasgow, 1801-1870
  • Foote, Andrew H. (Andrew Hull), 1820-1906
  • Fox, Gustavus Vasa, 1821-1883
  • Franklin, Admiral Samuel R.
  • Fulton, Robert, 1765-1815
  • Goodrich, Caspar Frederick, 1847-1925
  • Grasse, Francois Joseph Paul de Grasse, comte de, 1722-1788
  • Gregory, Francis H., 1789-1866
  • Griffin, Martin I. J. (Martin Ignatius Joseph) 1842-1911 (Author)
  • Griswold, John A., 1822-1872
  • Hamilton, Paul, 1762-1816
  • Hancock, John, 1737-1793
  • Harwood, A. (Andrew Allen), 1802-1884
  • Henshaw, David, 1791-1852
  • Huger, Benjamin, 1905-1877
  • Hull, Isaac, 1773-1843
  • Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
  • Johnson, Richard M. (Richard Mentor), 1780-1850
  • Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792
  • Kane, Grenville, 1854-1943
  • King, Rufus, 1755-1827
  • Lincoln, Robert T., 1843-1926
  • Livingston, Robert R., 1746-1813
  • Low, Seth, 1850-1916
  • Luce, Stephen Bleecker, 1827-1917
  • Madison, James, 1751-1836
  • Maffitt, John Newland, 1819-1886
  • Mahan, A. (Alfred Thayer), 1840-1914
  • Meade, Richard Worsam, 1807-1870
  • Meade, Richard Worsam, Jr., 1837-1897
  • Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892
  • Neeser, Robert Wilden b. 1884
  • Parker, Peter, Sir, 1785-1814
  • Paulding, James K. (James Kirke), 1778-1860
  • Perry, Matthew Calbraith , 1794-1858
  • Perry, Oliver Hazard, 1785-1819
  • Porter, David D. (David Dixon), 1813-1891
  • Roberts, Marshall Owen
  • Robeson, George M. (George Maxwell), 1829-1897
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
  • Satterlee, Herbert Livingston, 1863-1947
  • Sloat, John D. (John Drake)
  • Southard, Samuel L. (Samuel Lewis), 1787-1842
  • Stewart, Charles, 1778-1869
  • Stimers, Alban C., 1827-1876
  • Tesla, Nikola, 1856-1943
  • Thompson, Richard W. (Richard Wigginton), 1809-1900
  • Toucey, Isaac, 1796-1869
  • Truxton, Thomas, 1755-1822
  • Warrington, Lewis, 1782-1851
  • Watson, William H. (William Henry), b. 1829
  • Whitney, William C. (William Collins), 1841-1904
  • Winslow, John Ancrum, 1811-1873
  • Wise, H.A. (Henry Augustus), 1819-1869
  • Woodbury, Levi, 1789-1851

Document Type

  • Account books
  • Accounts
  • Architectural plans
  • Booklets
  • Bookplates
  • Books
  • Calling cards
  • Catalogs
  • Certificates
  • Checkbooks
  • Checks
  • Clippings
  • Commissions
  • Contracts
  • Correspondence
  • Coupons
  • Currency
  • Dance cards
  • Diaries
  • Diorama maps
  • Drawings
  • Engraving plates
  • Engravings
  • Ephemera
  • Financial records
  • Genealogies
  • Invitations
  • Invoices
  • Journals
  • Leases
  • Legal documents
  • Letter books
  • Letterpress copies
  • Letters
  • Logbooks
  • Manuscripts
  • Maps
  • Menus
  • Military records
  • Minutes
  • Notebooks
  • Notes
  • Orders (military records)
  • Pamphlets
  • Patent applications
  • Pennants
  • Petitions
  • Photocopies
  • Photographic prints
  • Photographs
  • Photoreproductions
  • Place cards
  • Plans
  • Postage stamps
  • Postcards
  • Programs
  • Publishers' advertisements
  • Receipts
  • Reports
  • Scrapbooks
  • Seals
  • Sketches
  • Speeches
  • Stationery
  • Subscription lists
  • Telegrams
  • Tickets
  • Transcripts
  • Typescripts
  • Vouchers
  • Watercolors
  • Wills

Subject Organizations

  • DeVinne Press
  • United States Naval Academy
  • United States Navy. Fleet - Cruise 1907-1909
  • United States. Army - Military life
  • United States. Navy - Biography - - Officers
  • United States. Navy - Biography
  • United States. Navy - Cruise, 1828-1829
  • United States. Navy - Cruise, 1907-1909
  • United States. Navy - Foreign Service - Europe
  • United States. Navy - Foreign Service - Mediterranean region
  • United States. Navy - History - 18th century
  • United States. Navy - History - 19th century
  • United States. Navy - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Naval Operations
  • United States. Navy - History - Civil War, 1861-1865
  • United States. Navy - History - Mexican War, 1846-1848
  • United States. Navy - History - Revolution, 1775-1783 - - Naval operations
  • United States. Navy - History - Revolution, 1775-1783
  • United States. Navy - History - Spanish American War, 1898
  • United States. Navy - History - War with France 1798-1800 [quasi war]
  • United States. Navy - History
  • United States. Navy - North Atlantic Squadron
  • United States. Navy - Officers - Biography
  • United States. Navy - Officers - Education
  • United States. Navy - Officers
  • United States. Navy - Sea life
  • United States. Navy - Supplies and stores
  • United States. Navy - War of 1812
  • United States. Navy. Pacific fleet
  • United States. Navy. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron

Subject Topics

  • Admirals -- United States -- Biography
  • Admiralty -- Great Britain
  • Aids to navigation
  • Alabama (Ship)
  • Amistad (Schooner)
  • Anglo French War, 1755-1763 -- Campaigns
  • Antelope (Ship)
  • Bon Homme Richard (Ship)
  • Coast defenses
  • Collectors and collecting
  • Collectors and collecting - History
  • Colorado (Battleship)
  • Colorado (Frigate)
  • Colorado (Ship)
  • Constellation (Frigate)
  • Constitution (Frigate)
  • Decatur (Ship)
  • Defiance (Ship)
  • Delamater Iron Works
  • Destroyer (Ship)
  • Dolphin (Ship)
  • Duke of Cumberland (Packet)
  • Fishing - North America
  • Fortifications - Korea
  • General Grant (Steamship)
  • Georgia (Ship)
  • Historiography
  • History publishing - New York (State) - New York
  • Illinois (Ship)
  • Kearsarge (Sloop)
  • Library catalogs
  • Materials for history
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848
  • Military maneuvers
  • Military prisons -- Maryland
  • Monitor (Ironclad)
  • Monongahela (Warship)
  • Nautical almanacs
  • Nautical astronomy
  • Naval battles
  • Naval education - United States
  • Naval gunnery
  • Naval history - catalogs and collections
  • Naval history - sources
  • Naval History Society. John S. Barnes Memorial Library.
  • Naval tactics
  • Naval War College (U.S.)
  • Navigation - early works to 1800
  • Navigation - Handbooks, manuals, etc.
  • Navigation - tables
  • Navy-yards and naval stations - New York (State) -- New York
  • Navy-yards and naval stations - Pennsylvania
  • Navy-yards and naval stations - United States
  • New-York Historical Society
  • New-York Historical Society. Library
  • North Carolina (Ship)
  • Ohio (Ship)
  • Ontario (Ship)
  • Penguin (Ship)
  • Pensacola (Screw steamer)
  • People's Line
  • Point Lookout Prison Camp for Confederates
  • Portsmouth Naval shipyard (U.S.)
  • Powhatan (Steam frigate)
  • Princess Royal (Ship)
  • Princeton University - History - 20th century
  • Privateering - Great Britain
  • Publishers and publishing - New York
  • San Jacinto (U.S. Steamer)
  • Sandwich (Ship)
  • Savannah (Steamship)
  • Seamen - 19th century
  • Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842
  • Serapis (Ship)
  • Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 - Campaigns
  • Ship handling
  • Shipbuilding
  • Shipbuilding - History
  • Shipbuilding industry - Connecticut
  • Shipping - Rhode Island - Bristol
  • Ships
  • Ships - United States
  • Ships -- Registers
  • Ships, Iron and steel
  • Spanish-American War, 1898
  • St. John's Church (Portsmouth, N.H.)
  • Steamboat lines
  • Steamboats
  • Steamship lines - Pacific Ocean
  • United States Coast Survey
  • United States Naval Institute
  • USS Arctic
  • USS Boston
  • USS Constitution
  • USS Dictator
  • USS San Jacinto
  • USS Saratoga
  • Voyages around the world
  • Wabash (Ship)
  • Warships
  • Warships - Visits to foreign ports
  • World Columbian Exposition (1893: Chicago, Ill.)

Subject Places

  • Africa -- Description and travel
  • Alabama -- History --Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Atrato River (Colombia)
  • Callao (Peru)
  • Charlestown (S.C.)
  • France. Navy
  • Great Britain - Colonies - West Indies
  • Great Britain - History, Naval - 18th century
  • Great Britain - History, Naval - 19th century
  • Great Britain. Royal Navy
  • Great Britain. Royal Navy - History - 18th century
  • Great Britain. Royal Navy - History - 19th century
  • Great Britain. Royal Navy - History - Revolution, 1775-1783
  • Japan - Description and travel -- 1801-1900
  • Japan - Relations - United States
  • Kearsage (Mount, Merrimack County, N.H.)
  • Korea - Foreign relations - United States
  • Korea - Foreign relations -1864-1910
  • Korea - History - 1864-1910
  • Lawrence (Mass.) - History
  • Lowell (Mass.) - Industries
  • Mobile Bay, Battle of, Ala., 1864
  • New Hampshire - History, Local
  • New York (N.Y.) -- Societies, etc.
  • Panama
  • Panama canal -history
  • Point Lookout (Md.) - History - 19th century
  • Rhode Island - History - 1765-1865
  • Russia - Description and travel
  • Russia - Foreign relations - United States
  • Samoan Islands - Foreign Relations - United States
  • United States - Foreign relations - 1869-1877
  • United States - Foreign relations - Korea
  • United States - Foreign relations - Russia
  • United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865
  • United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Naval operations
  • United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Participation, African American
  • United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Portraits
  • United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Prisoners and prisons.
  • United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Supplies
  • United States - History - Revolution, 1775-1783 - British forces
  • United States - History - Revolution, 1775-1783 - Campaigns
  • United States - History - Revolution, 1775-1783 - Naval operations
  • United States - History - Revolution, 1775-1783 - Participation, French
  • United States - History - War of 1812
  • United States - History, Naval
  • United States - History, Naval - 20th century
  • United States - Military relations - Japan
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives, Confederate
  • United States. Navy - History - Sources
  • United States. Navy - Officers
  • United States. Navy - Ordnance and ordnance stores
  • Washington (D.C.) - History - Capture by the British, 1814
  • West Indies - History -1775-1783
  • Yorktown (Va.) - History-Siege, 1781

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Administrative Information

Provenance

Donated by the Naval History Society to the New-York Historical Society in 1925.

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Portions of the collection that have been microfilmed will be brought to the researcher in that format and can be made available by Interlibrary loan. Researchers on site may print out unlimited copies from microfilm reader-printer machines at per-exposure rates. See guidelines in Reading Room for details.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. (Researchers may not accrue unused copy amounts from previous days.)

Items that include presidential signatures will be presented to researchers in duplicate form.

Use Restrictions

Permission to quote from this collection in a publication must be requested and granted in writing. Send permission requests, citing the name of the collection from which you wish to quote, to

Library Director
The New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as The Naval History Society Collection, The New-York Historical Society.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

The library collections of the Naval History Society were also donated to the New-York Historical Society in 1925 and are cataloged under the XN call number. Some artifacts were donated and are now in the Museum's collections.

In 1934, material from Admiral deHaven related to Grinnell's attempt to rescue Franklin's doomed Arctic expedition was donated by deHaven's daughter to the Naval History Society. This is included in New-York Historical Society's Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection.

New-York Historical Society's Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection contains some correspondence to John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3) that pertains to the Naval History Society.

Some newspapers and broadsides from the Gustavus Vasa Fox collection (Series 17) were transferred from the collection into New-York Historical Society's newspaper collection and Print Room, respectively.

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Container List

Series 1. William Bainbridge (1815-1856)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of a manuscript and notebook detailing the outfitting of a 44-gun frigate, including required sails, furniture, medicines, and other supplies; and manuscripts of two biographies of Bainbridge. James Fenimore Cooper's biography was printed in his "Lives of distinguished American naval officers" in 1846, and in Graham's Magazine, in November, 1892. The Dearborn manuscript was the basis for James Barnes's edited version, "The life of William Bainbridge, esq. of the United States Navy, by H. A. S. Dearborn, 1816," published by Princeton University Press in 1931, and distributed to members of the Naval History Society in 1932.

The Cooper manuscript is available on microfilm.

Biographical Note

Born in 1774, Bainbridge commanded ships in the West Indies, capturing French privateers, and against the Barbary Powers in the Mediterranean. While commanding the 44-gun frigate Philadelphia, the ship foundered and he was captured and imprisoned in Tripoli for 19 months. After his release in 1805, Bainbridge made various naval and merchant marine voyages to India and Russia, returning to the United States as hostilities increased with England. As commander of  Constitution, he captured the British frigate  Java on December 29, 1812, during which engagement he was wounded twice. He subsequently had various commands and shore assignments and served as Naval Commissioner from 1824-1827 and from 1829-1831. His command of the Charlestown Navy Yard was curtailed by illness in November, 1832. He died in Philadelphia in 1833 and is buried in Christ Church there.

John Sanford Barnes was Bainbridge's grandson-in-law: his wife, Susan Bainbridge Hayes, was the daughter of Commodore Bainbridge's daughter, Sarah Bainbridge Hayes.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Manuscripts related to American 44-gun frigates
1815 (?), 1907
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Notebooks related to American 44-gun frigates
Undated
Volume: 1 The Life of William Bainbridge, Esq., United States Navy; manuscript by Henry A.S. Dearborn
1816
Volume: 2 The Life of Commodore William Bainbridge, U.S.N.; manuscript by James Fenimore Cooper
1846

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Series 2. General James Barnes (1827-1995, bulk 1827-1869)

Scope and Content

The collection includes correspondence to General Barnes, a memorial booklet printed at his death, photos of General Barnes in uniform, information from a researcher using the Collection, and a recent library relocation notice. The correspondence includes regimental orders, permission to raise troops, introductions to other officers, notes from family members of his soldiers, and reports submitted to him. The 1869 condolence materials include a copy of a letter from his son, John Sanford Barnes, to General H.C. Lee, thanking him on behalf of the Barnes family for Lee's condolences. The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Biographical Note

James Barnes was born in Boston in 1809. After graduating from West Point in 1829, with classmates including Robert E. Lee and Joseph E. Johnson, he taught infantry tactics there and then served in the military garrison in Charleston Harbor. At the outbreak of the Civil War he raised the 18th Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers and was appointed Colonel, later serving at the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, where he commanded a division and was wounded. He then was in command of the Union prisoner of war camp at Point Lookout, Maryland (see Series 37), for the remainder of the War. His last public service positions were as a commissioner of the Pacific Railroad and Superintendent of the Western Massachusetts Railroad. He died in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1869.

Related Materials at The New-York Historical Society

Two maps, a "Sketch of Military Reconnaissance" and "Map of the Rebel Intrenched Camp near Norfolk", were removed from this collection and placed with the Certificates (Y-1862 Barnes).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1830-1858
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1861
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1861
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1862
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1862
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Portrait photographs
After 1862
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1863
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1863
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1863
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1863
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1864-1868
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Correspondence, memorial booklet
1869
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Correspondence
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Correspondence correcting date; removal notice
1993, 1995
Box: OS 1 Folder : 1 Drawings
1827, undated

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Series 3. John Sanford Barnes (1822-1915)

Scope and Content

The collection includes Barnes' journals as a midshipman and later in his naval career, manuscripts on naval engagements, tactics, prizes for salvage operations during the Civil War blockades, correspondence and clippings, condolence notes to his widow, a family genealogy he prepared, organizational membership certificates and Army and Navy commissions issued to him and other family members, his handwritten list of the latter documents, and two scrapbooks documenting naval and family-related topics. The genealogy includes mention of a Sanford relative, Henrietta Emmerson, who was the owner of Dred Scott, the decision in whose case determined that African-Americans were not citizens and which negated the Missouri Compromise. Because Emmerson was a minor at the time, Scott's suit in 1857 was brought against her uncle, John Francis Alexander Sanford.

The 1908 printed Foreword to a collection of Barnes's letters to his wife includes details of his life and naval service; the letter collection is not included in the series.

Barnes's father General James Barnes's commissions are signed by Presidents Andrew Jackson, Andrew Johnson, and Abraham Lincoln; his own by Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan; his father-in-law Thomas Hayes's by William Henry Harrison; and his uncle Henry Bainbridge's by James Monroe, James Polk, Andrew Jackson, and Millard Fillmore. His autobiography is handwritten and was privately produced; it is inscribed from Mrs. John Sanford Barnes to the Barnes's daughter Charlotte Adams Barnes (Mrs. Edward Shelton Martin), who presented it to the New-York Historical Society in 1961.

Portions of this collection relating to the Civil War have been digitized and are available to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Biographical Note

The son of General James Barnes (see Series 2), John S. Barnes was born at West Point, NY, in 1836. He entered the Naval Academy at Annapolis at age 14, serving after his graduation on Preble, and under Commodore Stewart on  San Jacinto in Europe and the West Indies, and on  Saratoga. He was aboard  Arctic when it participated in the first survey for the original Atlantic cable in 1856. The following year, aged 21, he was appointed assistant professor of ethics at the Naval Academy, and after a subsequent year in private business he was appointed master of  Jamestown. In 1858 he resigned his commission and attended law school in Albany, New York, practicing until 1861. During the Civil War, he served initially as navigator of  Wabash, and later as commander of  Dawn,  Paul Jones,  Lenape, and  Bat. In 1863 he married Susan Bainbridge Hayes, granddaughter of Commodore William Bainbridge (see Series 1) and great-grandniece of Admiral John Barry (see Series 5). After the War, he served as commander of the Naval Academy's practice ships  Marblehead and  Savannah, as an instructor at the Academy, and wrote "Submarine Warfare": the first major work on the use of torpedoes.

From 1869 to 1880 he was in private business and began devoting time to collecting memorabilia of the Navy during the Revolution and War of 1812. He served as the first President of the Naval History Society and edited the first volume of its publications, "The Log Books of the Serapis,  Alliance, and  Ariel," before his death in 1911. His manuscript collections and library formed the basis of the Naval History Society's collections, and were donated to the Society in 1915, by his son Col. James Barnes (see Series 4).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 "Naval tactics as used in boatsailing, under Capt. Craven at the Naval Academy - 1852-1853 - drawn by Actg. Mid. John S. Barnes"
1852-1853
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Port Royal journal
1862
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence related to prize and salvage awards for blockading squadron
1863-1869
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Washington inauguration centennial: programs
1889 April 29, 30
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Washington inuaguration centennial: invitations
1889 April 29 - May 1
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Membership certificate, Naval Order of the United States
1899 May 11
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Program: Exercises at installation of memorial tablet to Admiral Richard Worsam Meade
1901 May 27, 30
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Barnes family genealogy
1907
Box: 1 Folder : 9 List of commissions from John Sanford Barnes's collection
[1907]
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Foreword to "Extracts from the private letters of John S. Barnes to his wife Susan Bainbridge Barnes"
1908 June
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Clippings about Mt. Vernon; photo of Epping Forest home of Washington's mother, Mary Ball
1908, 1912, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Correspondence with I.N. Phelps Stokes and Walter Gillis about New York images; photocopies of images
1911 April 30, May 3
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Condolences to Mrs. Barnes
1911
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Removal notice: from Miss Charlotte A. Barnes, 10 E. 79th street, to Aeolian Hall
1915 November 8
Box: 1 Folder : 15 "Evening Star," "Nautical College" manuscripts
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 16 List of blockade runners, 1861-1863
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Bookplate
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 17 From envelope marked "John Sanford Barnes Memorabilia": assorted clippings
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Invitations
Undated
Box: OS 2 Folder : 1 Military commissions of Henry Bainbridge
1822, 1827, 1847, 1848, 1852
Box: OS 2 Folder : 2 Military commissions of James Barnes
1830, 1836, 1864, 1866
Box: OS 3 Folder : 1 Appointment of Thomas Hayes as naval agent
1841 March 16
Box: OS 3 Folder : 2 Naval commissions
1854, 1856, 1858
Box: OS 1 Folder : 2 Appointment of James Barnes as Colonel, Massachusetts 18th Regiment volunteers
1861 July 26
Box: OS 2 Folder : 3 Membership certificate: Military Order of the Loyal Legion
1866 Feb 9
Volume: 1 Journal, voyages aboard Saratoga,   San Jacinto,  Arctic
1854-1856
Volume: 2 Journal
1861-1862
Volume: 3 Scrapbook
1901-1902
Volume: 4 "The Egotistigraphy of a Rolling Stone, that gathered Moss, herein scraped off for the information and amusement of his family", by John Sanford Barnes
1910
Volume: 5 Scrapbook
Undated [after 1885]

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Series 4. Col. James Barnes (1906- 1926, undated)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of Barnes's lecture notes and the program from his presentation "Through Central Africa from Coast to Coast;" a typescript outline with photographs on the subject of military tactics; a certificate of his membership in the U.S. Naval Institute; lyrics to "The Song of the Fighting Ship" published in "Ships and Sailors" by Frederick Stokes Co. in 1898; and various clippings, invitations, and postcards.

Biographical Note

The son of John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3), James Barnes (1866-1936) graduated from Princeton in 1891 and served in the Naval Reserve during the Spanish-American War. He was an editor for Scribner's Magazine,   Harper's,   Book Lovers Magazine, and on the staff of "The Photographic History of the Civil War," first published in 1910. At the outbreak of the Boer War he traveled to Africa as a newspaper correspondent, and early in 1914 conducted a photographic expedition there for the American Museum of Natural History. In 1917 he organized and headed the Princeton Aviation School and served in the aviation section of the Signal Officers Reserve Corps. He oversaw aerial photographic work at the front during the American involvement in World War I, returning to head the US School of Aerial Photography in Rochester, NY. The author of over 20 books of historical fiction, adventure, naval biography and history, he published his autobiography "From Then Till Now" in 1934, during his retirement in Princeton, NJ.

Barnes donated his father's collection of naval materials to the Naval History Society in 1915. He served as the Society's President from 1918 until his death, and on its Board of Managers. In 1931 he edited "The life of William Bainbridge, esq. of the United States navy," by H. A. S. Dearborn, 1816, based on manuscript materials in the collection (see Series 1), which was published by Princeton University Press and distributed to members of the Naval History Society in 1932.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Invitations: Fleet review, Navy League dinner, William Dean Howell 75th birthday, Bainbridge birthplace plaque, Boone and Crokett Club, Barry statue unveiling
1906,1912, 1914
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Newspaper clippings on non-naval subjects
1908
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Newspaper clippings on naval subjects
1908, 1914, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Program, lecture notes: "Through Central Africa from Coast to Coast"
1915
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Membership certificate, US Naval Institute
1926 April 1
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Military tactics: typescript outline and photographs
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Postcards of Annapolis
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Lyrics to "The Song of the Fighting Ship"
Undated

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Series 5. John Barry (1781-1939)

Scope and Content

The collection includes loose letters Commodore Barry received, letters from him collected and edited by John Sanford Barnes, Martin's extra-illustrated biography of Barry that includes letters, a manuscript of James Fenimore Cooper's Barry biography later published in Graham's Magazine, and a letter book of transcribed correspondence. Barnes's edition also includes newspaper clippings related to the finding of Barry's materials in his home in Philadelphia, and the Barnes family connection to Barry: John Sanford Barnes's wife Susan Bainbridge Hayes was Admiral Barry's grandniece. The typescript of Barry's will includes copies of correspondence to Barnes from a descendent, Sarah Smith Stafford (see Series 42), that provide genealogical information about the Barry family. Barry's book detailing naval signals includes some autograph letters tipped in.

The 1800-1802 correspondence is available on microfilm.

Biographical Note

1745: John Barry born County Wexford, Ireland

1760: Takes up residence in Philadelphia

1775: Ship Black Prince purchased by US government and renamed  Alfred, becoming the first ship in the Continental navy. Aboard this, Lt. John Paul Jones raises the first American flag to receive foreign recognition.

1776: Takes command of Lexington. In April, captures tender to British man-of-war  Liverpool and brings it to Philadelphia, in first American naval victory. In October, Congress establishes relative ranks for Continental Navy officers: Barry is listed seventh. In December, participates in the Trenton campaign and in the defense of Philadelphia.

1777: British take possession of Philadelphia; Barry sails the unfinished frigate Effingham up the Delaware River, where it is sunk to prevent its use by the British.

1778: Commended for gallantry after a 9 hour fight on Raleigh against the British in Penobscot Bay.

1780: Takes command of Alliance, during voyages on which he captures various privateers and merchant vessels.

1781: Wounded in an eventually victorious engagement against Britain's Atalanta. Refits   Alliance and transports the Marquis de Lafayette to France.

1783: Last naval engagement of the Revolutionary War fought by Barry on Alliance against Britain's   Sybil. After the War, petitions Congress on behalf of benefits for seamen equivalent to those of soldiers, and works to persuade Congress to adopt a new federal system to replace the Articles of Confederation.

1787-1789: Becomes master of merchant ship Asia, aboard which he makes a profitable journey to China.

1794: Congress creates U.S. Navy and Barry is appointed first on the list of captains. He superintends construction of United States.

1798-1801: United States serves as flagship of the West Indies Squadron during the Quasi-War with France. Captures various French vessels in the West Indies while providing security for American commercial interests. Under his command young naval officers, the so-called "Barry's boys," are trained who will come to prominence in the Barbary Wars and the War of 1812.

1801-1802: Tests cannon for the U.S. government. Is selected to command the Mediterranean Squadron, but cannot serve due to illness.

1803: Dies 13 September at his country estate "Strawberry Hill" near Philadelphia.

Related Material at the New-York Historical Society

"A calendar of the John Barry Papers in the collections of the New-York Historical Society" was prepared in 1959 by Christopher McKee and is available in the repository. It lists, in date order, all materials in the Society's collections at that time, including item-level descriptions of documents in the Naval History Society's collections.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters to Barry
1800-1802
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Typed transcript of 1803 last will and testament of John Barry, esq.; copies of letters to J.S. Barnes from Sarah Smith Stafford
1877
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Program for memorial to Commodore John Barry, Society of The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick
1907
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Letters about Barry
1908, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Photocopies of letters, signatures; leaf from auction catalog
1931, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 6 "The Barry Collection and Other Historical Americana" auction catalog
1939
Volume: 1 Letter book
1781-1782
Volume: 2 Signals
1802
Volume: 3 "Sketch of Commodore Barry", manuscript by James Fenimore Cooper
1845
Volume: 4 "Commodore John Barry", by Martin L.J. Griffin; extra-illustrated
1903
Volume: 5 "Original Public & Private Correspondence of Commodore John Barry," edited by J.S. Barnes
1908
Box: OS 1 Folder : 3 Letters to Barry
1782-1799
Box: OS 1 Folder : 4 Reprints of J. S. Barnes's preface to "Original Public and Private Correspondence of Commodore John Barry"
1908

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Series 6. Charles Biddle (1835-1899; bulk 1835-1836)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of a letter book of copies of letters to and from Charles Biddle (1787-1836), who was commissioned by President Andrew Jackson as an agent to seek information about a railroad across the Isthmus of Panama. Loose material in the volume also includes later newspaper clippings. Biddle is widely quoted as having dismissed the feasibility of a transisthmus canal, which was being considered at the time.

The volume is available on microfilm.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Letter book
1835-1836, 1894, 1899

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Series 7. USS Boston (1828-1829)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of the account book from an 1828-1829 cruise detailing expenditures to outfit the ship as well as payments by 344 named crew members against their accounts for items including tobacco, sugar, buttons, soap and mess bills. Officers included Captain Hoffman, Lts. Charles S. McCauley and Alexander J.D. Browne, and Dr. John M. Imlay.

Historical Note

The sloop USS Boston was commissioned from the Boston Navy Yard in early 1826 under Master Commandant Beekman Verplanck Hoffman (1789-1834). Between 1826 and 1829, it protected American shipping near Brazil while that country and Argentina battled over possession of what is now Uruguay. Later it was deployed in the Mediterranean, the West Indies, Brazil, and reached Macao in 1842. After subsequent sojourns in Asia and Mexico, it was wrecked off the Bahamas in 1846 with no loss of life.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Account book
1828 February - 1829 August

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Series 8. French E. Chadwick (1883-1918, bulk 1883-1889)

Scope and Content

The collection includes 12 volumes of official and private correspondence from Admiral Chadwick between 1883 and 1889. Each volume is indexed by recipient's last name. Volume 11 includes the index to letters from November 12-25, which are included in the official book. Written in pencil on the back board joint of Volume 10 is "Comdr. Chadwick, Naval Attache U.S. Legation." His reprinted essays, addresses, and letters, dated 1896-1918, were numbered from 1 to 20 and had been sent to publisher Thomas Mosher of Portland, Maine, in October, 1918. Correspondence with his wife Cornelia J. Chadwick includes Mosher's estimate for publishing the materials in a collected volume. There is no other information in the collection about a published volume.

Biographical Note

Rear Admiral French Ensor Chadwick (1844-1919) graduated from Annapolis in 1864 and served that year aboard Marblehead. After serving from 1865 to 1872 on various vessels, he taught at the Naval Academy. In 1882 he gathered information in Europe for the Bureau of Navigation and became naval attache of the American legation in London. After commanding gunboat  Yorktown for 3 years, in 1892 he was appointed Chief of the Naval Intelligence Service and in 1893 of the Naval Bureau of Equipment. He was among the officers appointed to investigate the destruction of  Maine, which action precipitated the Spanish-American War in 1898. As chief of staff of the North Atlantic Fleet he served at the Battle of Santiago. In 1900, Admiral Chadwick was named President of the Naval War College at Newport and in 1903 as Commander in Chief of the South Atlantic Fleet. He retired from active service in 1906.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Essays, reprinted letters and articles, clippings numbered 1-10
1896-1906
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Essays, reprinted letters and articles, clippings numbered 11-20
1898-1918
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence: Cornelia J. Chadwick and Thomas B. Mosher
1918
Volume: 1 Letter book
1883 February - 1884 March
Volume: 2 Letter book
1884 April - December
Volume: 3 Letter book
1885 March - September
Volume: 4 Letter book
1885 October - 1886 January
Volume: 5 Letter book
1886 January - April 2
Volume: 6 Letter book
1886 April - September
Volume: 7 Letter book
1886 September 28 - 1887 January 21
Volume: 8 Letter book
1887 January 21 - September 3
Volume: 9 Letter book
1887 September - 1888 April
Volume: 10 Letter book
1888 May 1 - Nov 15
Volume: 11 Letter book
1886 March 21 - 1887 Nov 25
Volume: 12 Letter book
1887 November 26 - 1889 March 7

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Series 9. Henry Clinton (1776)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of one volume detailing the attacks on Fort Sullivan (Charleston, SC) by British troops under Sir Henry Clinton and Sir Peter Parker, including transcribed letters between Clinton and Parker; and three engraved maps of the area and the battles.

Historical Note

British troops under the command of Sir Henry Clinton mounted attacks on Fort Sullivan (close to the later site of Fort Sumter) in Charleston harbor by both land and sea in June, 1776, believing its defenses to be incomplete. Britain's plan had been to subdue rebel forces in the southern colonies and muster more support from Tories after their previous defeat at Bunker Hill and continued challenges in the northern colonies. The attacks on Fort Sullivan were repulsed, however, culminating in the withdrawal of British troops and Clinton's return to New York City. The British did not launch subsequent assaults in the south until 1778, returning to Charleston only in May, 1780.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: OS 2 Folder : 4 "A plan of the attack of Fort Sullivan, near Charlestown in South Carolina, by a squadron of His Majesty's Ships on the 28th of June 1776, with the disposition of the King's Land Forces, and the encampments and entrenchments of the Rebels from the Drawings made on the Spot Engraved by Wm. Faden"
1776 August 10
Box: OS 2 Folder : 5 "A N.W. b[y] N. view of Charletown from on board the Bristol Commodore Sir Peter Parker Kn. &c &c taken in Five Fathom Hole the day after the Attack upon Fort Sullivan by the Commodore & his squadron, which action continued 9 hours & 40 minutes."
1776 August 10
Box: OS 2 Folder : 6 "A plan of the military operations against Charlestown, the Army being commanded by L.G. Sir Henry Clinton, K.B. and the fleet by Vice Admiral Arbuthnot, from an original drawing sent by an officer in the Army"
1780 May 27
Volume: 1 "A narrative of the expedition against Charles Town South Carolina under the command of Major General Clinton, Commander in Chief of his Majesties Troops, and Commodore Sir Peter Parker, Commander in Chief of his Majesties Squadron"
1776 May 31 -June 23

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Series 10. Gustavus Conyngham (1777-1826)

Scope and Content

The collection includes Conyngham's diary from his incarceration by the British at Mill Prison; details of his claims against Congress for the payment of prizes for shipping captured by Surprize under his command; notes and manuscript drafts used in the publication of his papers by the Naval History Society in 1915 ("Letters and Papers relating to the Cruises of Gustavus Conyngham, a captain of the Continental Navy, 1777-1779," edited by Robert W. Neeser and printed by DeVinne Press, New York, as volume 6 of its publications); as well as original materials, some of which were used in the Society's volume. The latter are in the form of an unbound extra-illustrated volume amassed by John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3; see Series 11 for another extra-illustrated volume). Original documents mounted and described include Conyngham's 1777 commission in the Continental Navy, signed by John Hancock with interlinear notes by Benjamin Franklin, which had been thought lost and was rediscovered and purchased by Barnes in 1900; the brig  Maria's commission signed by John Adams; an autograph letter signed by Alexander Hamilton; and numerous letters in Conyngham's hand.

Biographical Note

As commander of Surprize and   Revenge, Gustavus Conyngham (1744-1819) was responsible for the capture of numerous British vessels, sale of whose cargo in friendly ports contributed to the financing of colonial forces. In 1779 he was captured by the British and incarcerated at Mill Prison, near Plymouth. Having had his commission confiscated, he later experienced difficulty in making claims to Congress for prize monies due to him. During the Quasi-War with France (1798-1800), he commanded  Maria and later assisted in the defense of Philadelphia during the War of 1812.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Papers: original materials by and about Conyngham, amassed by John Sanford Barnes
1777-1826
Volume: 2 "Minutes from Gustavus Conyngham of his treatment [in Mill Prison], and remarks"
1779 April 27
Volume: 3 "Observations on the report of Benjamin Mather Esq. to the late board of treasury, on the subject of Capt. Gustavus Conyngham's claim against the United States: as commander of the lugger Surprise and the cutter   Revenge"
1787-1813
Volume: 4 Notes: transcripts of letters and journal; notes on genealogy; newspaper clippings; correspondence
1874, undated

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Series 11. James Fenimore Cooper (1890)

Scope and Content

The series consists of James Fenimore Cooper's "The history of the Navy of the United States," originally published in two volumes in 1839, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3) into an eight-volume version with the addition of 427 portraits, 343 prints, 154 autograph letters signed, 32 maps, 23 broadsides, 10 signed documents, and 11 original water color sketches and portraits. It is accompanied by original and carbon typescripts of Barnes's lists of the extra illustrations, a manuscript notebook index of the additions, and a folder of photoreproductions.

Among the autographed letters included are those of John Barry (see Series 5), Cooper himself, John Hancock, Commodore Bainbridge (Series 1), Isaac Hull (Series 27), David Porter, and Commodore Perry (Series 36), all of whom are represented elsewhere in the Naval History Society Collection. The illustrations document all the major naval battles, ships, and persons mentioned in Cooper's work.

Historical Note

The practice of adding printed, manuscript, and visual materials as well as associated ephemera to previously published volumes probably began with James Granger's 1769 publication of "Biographical History of England," in which leaves were left blank specifically for the insertion of portraits by the purchaser. So-called extra-illustration reached its peak in the late 19th century as an organizational and collecting paradigm. An extra-illustrated volume very much reflects the collector and his or her interests, serving as a repository in the form of a cabinet of curiosities in which to display a wide range of associated, however remote, materials. Contemporary descriptions of extra-illustrated volumes often stress the volume of materials added as well as their quality, a significant expansion of the original being a virtue. Cooper's "History" provides a perfect setting for the physical manifestation of Barnes's lifelong interest in naval history and memorabilia, citing as it does every major naval engagement and personality. This work, when considered together with the Miscellaneous Manuscripts (Series 52), US Navy: Officer's autograph letters (Series 44), and John Paul Jones collections (Series 28), provides material evidence of Barnes's passion for collecting and its meticulous documentation.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

A bound version of the handwritten illustration list (originally from the Naval History Society Collection) titled "Catalogue of the extra illustrations, print, and manuscripts added by Captain James Sanford Barnes, U.S.N., to James Fenimore Cooper's History of the Navy of the United States, extending it to eight volumes" is available in the Reading Room. It lists the added materials, by page number, throughout the eight volumes and is indexed alphabetically by volume.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 List of portraits from extra-illustrated "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper; original typescript and carbon
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Extra-illustrations from "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper; index book
Undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 5 Photostats from extra-illustrated "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper
Undated
Volume: 1, part I "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes
1890
Volume: 1, part II "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes
1890
Volume: 1, part III "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes
1890
Volume: 1, part IV "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes
1890
Volume: 2, part I "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes
1890
Volume: 2, part II "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes
1890
Volume: 2, part III "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes
1890
Volume: 2, part IV "History of the Navy of the United States" by James Fenimore Cooper, extra-illustrated by John Sanford Barnes
1890

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Series 12. Francis Gregory Dallas (1837-1915; bulk, 1837-1859)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of incoming and copies of outgoing correspondence in English and German, two private journals, and photoreproductions of materials used by the Naval History Society in the publication of "The Papers of Francis Gregory Dallas, U.S. Navy. Correspondence and Journal, 1837-1859," edited by Gardner W. Allen, 1917, and published as the eighth volume of the Society's publications.

Biographical Note

Francis Gregory Dallas (1824-1890) served aboard Columbia in the Mediterranean and coastal Brazil, and aboard various ships in the Gulf of Mexico during the Mexican War (1846-1848). In 1848 he attended the Naval School at Annapolis, but was dismissed from the Navy in 1848 for having engaged in a duel. In 1849 he began three years of service in the Navy of the German Confederation, including as first officer of the imperial steam corvette  Royal Ernst. He returned to the United States in 1852 and from 1854 to 1857 was aboard   Decatur in the Pacific Squadron, along the west coast of the United States for the protection of white settlers and then in Panama. Aboard   Dale, along the African coast, he seized barque  Orion on suspicion of being engaged in the slave trade, returning with it to New York in 1859. He was subsequently mentally disabled and was retired from active duty.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1837-1845
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1846-1847
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1848
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1849-1852
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1852
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1853
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1854
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1857-1858
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1859
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Photoreproductions for printed edition of Papers
1877-1917
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence, accounts
undated
Volume: 1 Private journal
1849 May 23 - 1857 July 7
Volume: 2 Private journal "To Panama thence across the Isthmus to Aspinwall, New York et cetera Philadelphia Station & barque release to African Squadron and U.S. Ship Dale "
1857-1858

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Series 13. USS Dictator (1865)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of a preprinted log book from and a black and white photograph of Dictator. Some of the book's pages are filled in by hand. Many are pasted over with undated newspaper clippings reporting news, general knowledge, games, quotations, and other information. The clippings on some pages have been partially torn off and writing is visible underneath. The photograph is inscribed in pencil: "US Monitor Dictator, 1865/ E.D. Robie, Chief Engineer US Navy and Inspector of Construction of Hull and Machinery of the  Dictator."

Historical Note

A single-turreted iron-clad monitor, Dictator was launched December 26, 1863, by Delamater Iron Works, New York, having been designed under contract with John Ericsson (see Series 16). It was commissioned November 11, 1864, under the command of J. Rodgers. As part of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, it cruised from December, 1864, until it was decommissioned at the League Island Navy Yard on September 5, 1865. It served in the North Atlantic Fleet in the 1870s and was sold in September of 1883.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: OS 1 Folder : 6 Photo of US Steamer Dictator
1865
Volume: 1 Steam log of U.S. Steamer Dictator for the quarter commencing April 1st 1865
1865 April 1-July 1

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Series 14. William A. Duer (1862)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of a single volume documenting routine activities aboard US Flagship Wabash, on which Duer served as acting master's mate.

Historical Note

Originally commissioned in 1856, by 1862 Wabash was a permanent part of the Charleston blockade, operating out of Port Royal. That year, a landing party from it occupied St. Augustine, Florida; another manned a battery that bombarded Fort Pulaski, Georgia, forcing its surrender. Its howitzers supported land troops at the Battle of Pocotaglio, South Carolina, on October 22, 1862.   Wabash later joined the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron and saw duty in Spain and the Mediterranean after the Civil War before being decommissioned in 1912. The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 US Flagship Wabash "Watch, Station, Fire and Quarter Bill kept by William A. Duer, Acting Master's Mate"
1862

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Series 15. William R. Durand (1861-1865)

Scope and Content

The collection includes journals and diaries, some of which incorporate both written entries and pasted in clippings from the US Navy Journal. The 1862-1863 volume includes printed accounts of the battle between the Confederate steamship Virginia (originally   Merrimack) and USS  Monitor in 1862. The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Historical Note

Vessels in the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron were responsible for preventing Confederate ships from supplying ships in Virginia and North Carolina, and for supporting Union troops. Those in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron operated between Cape Henry, North Carolina, and Key West, Florida.

Mystic assisted in the capture or destruction of four blockade runners off North Carolina in June-September 1862. In May 1863, it supported the Army during an expedition up the York River.

Mohawk joined the South Atlantic Blocking Squadron in June 1862, serving out of Port Royal from June, 1863, for the next year, until it underwent repairs in Philadelphia.

Both Philadelphia and   John Adams served as flagships of the Squadron, the latter of the inner blockade off Morris Island (Charleston, NC).

Paul Jones had participated in attacks on Fort Wagner (Charleston, SC) in July 1863, returning to New York for repairs and rejoining the squadron in September. It continued coastal operations until August of that year and in 1865 joined the East Gulf Blockading Squadron.

Commissioned in January, 1865, Muscoota was at Norfolk, Virginia, in May, 1865, when it was ordered to Key West as part of an effort to prevent Confederate President Jefferson Davis escaping abroad. It remained in the Gulf of Mexico area at least until August, 1866, was decommissioned in 1869, and then sold as a merchant steamship.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Navy Journal: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, U S Steamer Mystic (4" rate)
1861 December 11 - 1862 February 20
Volume: 2 Naval Diary: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, U.S.S. Mystic [clippings 1862 October - 1863 August]
1862 February 21 -1863 August
Volume: 3 Navy Journal: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, U.S. Steamer Mohawk (4" rate")
1862 June 23 - 1863 Aug 16
Volume: 4 Navy Journal: U S Steamer Mohawk (4" rate), South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863 August 17 - 1864 January 2; Flag Steamer   Philadelphia, 1864 January 5 - February 22; U.S. Ship  John Adams, 1864 February - April 2
1863 August 17 - 1864 April 2
Volume: 5 Navy Journal: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, U.S. Ship John Adams, 1864 April 3 - April 27; U.S. Steamer  Paul Jones, 1864 April 27 - July 12
1864 April 3 - 1864 July 12
Volume: 6 Navy Journal North Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. United States Steamer Muscoota
1865 January 5 -August 25

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Series 16. John Ericsson (1831-1893; bulk 1862-1888)

Scope and Content

The collection includes original correspondence to and copies from John Ericsson (the latter predominantly in the hand of his secretary, Samuel W. Taylor, and a few autograph) as well as telegrams, invoices, receipts, writings, clippings, articles, an account book, and a volume listing his articles on torpedo warfare. The materials were a gift in 1912 to the Naval History Society from Ericsson's biographer William Conant Church, and the correspondence is annotated and underlined throughout in various colors, perhaps by him as part of his research for "The Life of John Ericsson" (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1890). Undated materials appear to have been from Church's research and papers, and include separated and unidentified documents. The materials are mostly in English, with some in Swedish and German. Portions of this collection relating to the Civil War have been digitized and are available to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

The collection documents many aspects of Ericsson's engineering interests and projects: the building and testing of ironclad warships to his specifications for the United States (USS Monitor, 1862) and other governments (Peru: May 1862; Greece: January 1869; Spain: May 1869; China: October 1880, spring 1883); the costs of construction through his extensive contact with Delamater and other ironworks and foundries as well as negotiations with Congress (1864-1865); applications and renewals of patents (1830s, 1840s, December 1864, July 1866); experiments with solar energy (1868, July 1872); design and testing of torpedo warships, including detailed expenses for   Destroyer (January 1873, September 1874, April 1875, 1878-1882, January 1889) and reports on its trials (October 1883); as well as various complete lists of ironclads built to Ericsson's specifications (May 1866, December 1867, July 1877).

Highlights of the collection include copies of Ericsson's January 20, 1862, letter to Assistant Secretary of the Navy Gustavus Vasa Fox (see Series 17), proposing the name Monitor for his ironclad vessel; and his January 30, 1873, letter to President Ulysses S. Grant explaining that the torpedo systems currently in use are inadequate for the country's defense.

An extensive collection of Ericsson's papers is housed at the Library of Congress.

Biographical Note

Born in Sweden in 1803, Ericsson emigrated first to England (1826) and then to the United States (1839). Having shown early promise as an engineer, and holding numerous patents for steam-powered engines, he designed the first screw-driven steamship to cross the Atlantic ( Robert F. Stockton, 1839) and the first propeller-driven steam warship for the US Navy (USS   Princeton, 1842). In 1861 he contracted with the Navy to build in 100 days an ironclad warship,   Monitor, which successfully fought the Confederate ironclad   Virginia (originally   Merrimack) at Hampton Roads on March 9, 1862, before sinking off Cape Hatteras later that year. After the Civil War, he pursued his interests in torpedo-armed vessels, and in a variety of scientific and engineering subjects, including solar energy. He died in New York in 1889 and was interred in Sweden in 1890.

Related Materials at The New-York Historical Society

A chronological inventory of the papers of John Ericsson (from 1831 to July 1865 only) in the Naval History Society's collection was prepared in 1984 and is available in the repository.

The John Ericsson papers owned by the American Swedish Historical Foundation are available on microfilm.

The New-York Historical Society's Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection includes three autograph letters of John Ericsson's.

Portions of this collection relating to the Civil War have been digitized and are available to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1831-1849
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1850-1857
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1858-1859
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1861
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1862 January 3 - February 28
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1862 March
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1862 April 1-14
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1862 April 15-30
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1862 May 1-14
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1862 May 15-31
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1862 June - July
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1862 August - September
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1862 October
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1862 November
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1862 December
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1863 January
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1863 February
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1863 March
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1863 April
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1863 May
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1863 June
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1863 July - August
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1863 September
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1863 October
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1863 November - December
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1864 January
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1864 February 1 - 18
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1864 February 19 - 29
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1864 March
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1864 April
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1864 May
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1864 June 1-15
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1864 June 16-30
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1864 July
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1864 August 1-15
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1864 August 16-31
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1864 September
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1864 October 1-18
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1864 October 19-31
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1864 November
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1864 December
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1865 January
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1865 February
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1865 March
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1865 April
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1865 May
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1865 June - July
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1865 August
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1865 September
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1865 October
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1865 November
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1865 December
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Correspondence
Undated [1831-1865]
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1866 January
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1866 February
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1866 March
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1866 April
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1866 May (1 of 2)
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1866 June
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1866 July
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1866 August
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1866 September
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1866 October
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1866 November
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1866 December
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1867 January
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1867 February
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1867 March
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1867 April
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1867 May-June
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1867 July-August
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1867 September - November
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1867 December
Box: 8 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1868 January
Box: 8 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1868 February-March
Box: 8 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1868 April-May
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1868 June-July
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1868 August
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1868 September - October
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1868 November - December
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1869 January - February
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1869 March
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1869 April
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1869 May
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1869 June
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1869 July
Box: 9 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1869 August
Box: 9 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1869 September
Box: 9 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1869 October
Box: 9 Folder : 14 Correspondence
1869 November
Box: 9 Folder : 15 Correspondence
1869 December
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1870 January
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1870 February - March
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1870 April
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1870 May - June
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1870 July - September
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1870 October - December
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1871 January -February
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1871 March - April
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1871 May - July
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1871 August
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1871 September - October
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1871 November - December
Box: 10 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1872 January - February
Box: 10 Folder : 14 Correspondence
1872 March - April
Box: 10 Folder : 15 Correspondence
1872 May - June
Box: 10 Folder : 16 Correspondence
1872 July - September
Box: 10 Folder : 17 Correspondence
1872 October- December
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1873 January
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1873 February - March
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1873 April - May
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1873 June - July
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1873 August-September
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1873 October - November
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1873 December
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1874 January - March
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1874 April
Box: 11 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1874 May-June
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1874 July
Box: 11 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1874 August
Box: 11 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1874 September
Box: 11 Folder : 14 Correspondence
1874 October 1-14
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1874 October 15-28
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1874 November - December
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1875 January - March
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1875 April - July
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1875 August - December
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1876 January
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1876 February
Box: 12 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1876 March
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1876 April - May
Box: 12 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1876 June
Box: 12 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1876 July - August
Box: 12 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1876 September - October
Box: 12 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1876 November - December
Box: 12 Folder : 14 Correspondence
1877 January - February
Box: 12 Folder : 15 Correspondence
1877 March - April
Box: 12 Folder : 16 Correspondence
1877 May
Box: 12 Folder : 17 Correspondence
1877 June
Box: 13 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1877 July
Box: 13 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1877 August - September
Box: 13 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1877 October
Box: 13 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1877 November - December
Box: 13 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1878 January - February
Box: 13 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1878 March
Box: 13 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1878 April
Box: 13 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1878 May
Box: 13 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1878 June - July
Box: 13 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1878 August
Box: 13 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1878 September
Box: 13 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1878 October
Box: 13 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1878 November
Box: 14 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1878 December
Box: 14 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1879 January
Box: 14 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1879 February - March
Box: 14 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1879 April
Box: 14 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1879 May
Box: 14 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1879 June
Box: 14 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1879 July
Box: 14 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1879 August
Box: 14 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1879 September - October
Box: 14 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1879 November
Box: 14 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1879 December
Box: 14 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1880 January - March
Box: 15 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1880 April
Box: 15 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1880 May-June
Box: 15 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1880 July
Box: 15 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1880 August
Box: 15 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1880 September - October
Box: 15 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1880 November
Box: 15 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1880 December
Box: 15 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1881 January
Box: 15 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1881 February
Box: 15 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1881 March - April
Box: 15 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1881 May - June
Box: 15 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1881 July - September
Box: 15 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1881 October - December
Box: 16 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1882 January
Box: 16 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1882 February
Box: 16 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1882 March - April
Box: 16 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1882 May - June
Box: 16 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1882 July - September
Box: 16 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1882 October
Box: 16 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1882 November
Box: 16 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1883 January
Box: 16 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1883 February
Box: 16 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1883 March
Box: 16 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1883 April
Box: 16 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1883 May
Box: 16 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1883 June
Box: 17 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1883 July
Box: 17 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1883 August
Box: 17 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1883 September
Box: 17 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1883 October
Box: 17 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1883 November
Box: 17 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1883 December
Box: 17 Folder : 7 Correspondence
Undated [1883]
Box: 17 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1884 January
Box: 17 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1884 February
Box: 17 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1884 March - April
Box: 17 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1884 May - June
Box: 17 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1884 July - August
Box: 18 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1884 September - October
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1884 November - December
Box: 18 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1885 January
Box: 18 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1885 February
Box: 18 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1885 March - April
Box: 18 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1885 May - July
Box: 18 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1885 August
Box: 18 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1885 September
Box: 18 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1885 October
Box: 18 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1885 November
Box: 18 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1885 December
Box: 19 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1886 January - February
Box: 19 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1886 March - April
Box: 19 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1886 May - June
Box: 19 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1886 July
Box: 19 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1886 August
Box: 19 Folder : 6 Essays: Diathermancy of the terrestrial atmosphere; Zenith distances at equal time before and after noon
1886 August - September
Box: 19 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1886 September - October
Box: 19 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1886 November - December
Box: 19 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1887 January
Box: 19 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1887 February
Box: 19 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1887 March
Box: 19 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1887 April
Box: 19 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1887 May - June
Box: 20 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1887 July
Box: 20 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1887 August
Box: 20 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1887 September
Box: 20 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1887 October
Box: 20 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1887 November
Box: 20 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1887 December
Box: 20 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1888 January - February
Box: 20 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1888 March - April
Box: 20 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1888 May - July
Box: 20 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1888 August
Box: 20 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1888 September
Box: 20 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1888 October
Box: 20 Folder : 13 Correspondence
1888 December - 1889 January
Box: 21 Folder : 1 Miscellaneous papers
Undated
Box: 21 Folder : 2 Miscellaneous papers
Undated
Box: 21 Folder : 3 Printed material
1844-1885, undated
Box: 21 Folder : 4 Printed material
1853-1887, undated
Box: 21 Folder : 5 Letter to William C. Church
1889 August 5
Box: 21 Folder : 6 Invitation to unveiling of Ericsson Statue, Battery Park
1893 April 26
Box: OS 2 Folder : 8 Iron clads of the US Navy (2/2)
1866 May
Volume: 1 Account book
1864 June - 1872
Volume: 2 Torpedo articles: articles published, correspondents sent to, list of important papers, list of articles relating to torpedoes
1869-1884

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Series 17. Gustavus Vasa Fox (1823-1919; bulk 1860-1889)

Scope and Content

The collection includes correspondence, personal papers and documents, financial records, speeches and writings, memorabilia and souvenirs, printed materials, and clippings of Gustavus Vasa Fox; correspondence of his wife Virginia Woodbury Fox; and correspondence and personal papers pertaining to other Woodbury and Fox family members.

Biographical Note

Gustavus Vasa Fox (1821-1883) read law with his future wife's uncle, Isaac O. Barnes, in 1837 and began his maritime career as a midshipman in 1838. He served in various naval and mercantile vessels before retiring in 1856 to manage the Bay State Woolen Mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts. His suggestions for the relief of Fort Sumter were not followed, but through connections to Abraham Lincoln via Postmaster Montgomery Blair (his wife's brother-in-law) he was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy under Gideon Welles in 1861. He served in that position through the Civil War, functioning as de facto chief of naval operations. He championed the cause of ironclad fighting ships, supporting John Ericsson (see Series 16) in his bid to build Monitor. Fox is credited with improving the management of the Navy that made possible its wartime victories.

In 1866 he made the first transatlantic voyage in an ironclad ( Miantonomoh) to deliver a congressional resolution to Tsar Alexander II, congratulating him on his escape from an assassination attempt. The ship made extensive stops in European ports en route. In 1867 he made an unsuccessful attempt to take over the Southwest Pacific railroad, the forerunner of the St. Louis-San Francisco railroad. In 1869 he began management of Middlesex Mills in Lowell, Massachusetts, moving to Boston in 1874 from where he commuted to Lawrence to manage Washington Mills for the commission house of Mudge, Sawyer, and Co. He retired in 1878 and pursued interests that included documenting Columbus's first landfall in the new world, and the local history and topography of New Hampshire.

Arrangement

The materials are arranged in 10 subseries:

Subseries I. Correspondence

Subseries II. Personal papers and documents

Subseries III. Speeches and writings

Subseries IV. Financial records

Subseries V. Memorabilia, souvenirs, and visual materials

Subseries VI. Printed materials and clippings

Subseries VII. Virginia L. Woodbury Fox papers

Subseries VIII. Woodbury and Fox family papers

Subseries IX. Archival and filing records

Subseries X. Bound volumes

Each subseries is arranged chronologically unless otherwise described in its Scope and Content note. Many of the subseries were previously edited and arranged by Virginia Woodbury Fox and/or Colonel Robert Thompson in preparation for the latter's editing and publication of Fox's letters ("The Fox Papers, being the confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the Civil War," Vols. I and II, edited by Colonel Robert M. Thompson and Rear Admiral Richard Wainwright and printed by DeVinne Press, New York, as the ninth and tenth volumes of the Society's publications) in 1918 and 1919. In some subseries, pages were numbered in order in pencil; in others Mrs. Fox has included notes about materials that she destroyed, erased, or otherwise redacted.

Subseries I. Correspondence (1838-1883)

Scope and Content

The correspondence includes incoming and outgoing letters, a small amount of which is personal and the bulk from Fox's tenure as Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Some of the originals were rearranged and annotated by Virginia Woodbury Fox. Her notes indicate that she destroyed those she believed to be too personal. Marie Bayless, librarian of the Naval History Society, may have typed the transcripts as part of the letters' editing by Col. Thompson. Also included are letters received by James Paulding, Assistant Secretary of the Navy before Fox. No explanation is given for their presence in the collection.

The early letters received (1838-1860) are mostly orders to report to ships for duty, and include Fox's recommendation as a midshipman, signed by John Quincy Adams when he served as a representative from Massachusetts after his presidency. Among those in 1861 is one from Abraham Lincoln. Fox's other correspondents include John Ericsson (see Series 16) and General Ulysses S. Grant. The Civil War-era letters document routine activities of the Navy: orders, reports of activities, discussion of policy, personnel, and maneuvers. The later letters include correspondence regarding Fox's donation to St. John's Episcopal Church, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, of a credence table (to hold items required to celebrate Communion) made from the oak timbers of Admiral David Farragut's flagship Hartford.

Arrangement

Some of the correspondence was arranged by month within a year and some by last name of recipient within a year. The original order has been retained.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1860 June 21 - 1861 October 16
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1862
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1863
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1864-1865
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1867-1873
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Letters sent
1861
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Letters sent: A,B
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Letters sent: C
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Letters sent: D
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Letters sent: E
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Letters sent: F
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Letters sent: G
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Letters sent: H-K
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Letters sent: L
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Letters sent: M,O
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Letters sent: P,R
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Letters sent: S
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Letters sent: T,U,W
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Letters sent: typescripts
1862 September - December
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Letters sent
1863 January
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Letters sent
1863 February
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Letters sent
1863 March
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Letters sent
1863 April
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Letters sent
1863 May
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Letters sent
1863 June
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Letters sent
1863 July
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Letters sent
1863 August
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Letters sent
1863 September
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Letters sent
1863 October
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Letters sent
1863 November - December
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Letters sent: B
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Letters sent: C-E
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Letters sent: F-H
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Letters sent: General Grant
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Letters sent: J-M
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Letters sent: O,P,R,S
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Letters sent: W
1864
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Letters sent: A-C
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Letters sent: E-G
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Letters sent: H, J-M
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Letters sent: P,R-T,V
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Letters sent: W
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Letters sent
1866-1867
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Letters sent
1868
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Letters received
1838-1849
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Letters received by James Kirk Paulding, Secretary of the Navy
1840 - 1841
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Letters received
1850 - 1860
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Letters received
1861 January - April
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Letters received
1861 May - July
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Letters received
1861 August - October
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Letters received
1861 November
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Letters received
1861 December
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Letters received: A,B
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Letters received: C
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Letters received: D,E
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Letters received: Samuel Dupont
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Letters received: John Ericsson
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Letters received: John Ericsson, typescripts
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Letters received: F
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Letters received: G
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Letters received: H-K
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Letters received: L
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Letters received: M
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Letters received: N-P
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Letters received: Porter
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Letters received: R
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Letters received: S
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Letters received: Alban Stimers
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Letters received: Alban Stimers, typescript
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Letters received: T,U
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Letters received: W
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 13 Letters received: B-H, typescript
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 14 Letters received: M-W, typescript
1862
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Letters received: A,B
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Letters received: C
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Letters received: D
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Letters received: E
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Letters received: FA - J.M. Forbes
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Letters received: P. Forbes - Fulton
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Letters received: Gi - Gr
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Letters received: Gu
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Letters received: H
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Letters received: J-L
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Letters received: M-O
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Letters received: P
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Letters received: R
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Letters received: S
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Letters received: T,U
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Letters received: W
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Letters received: A
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Letters received: B
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Letters received: C
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Letters received: C.W. Copeland
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 11 Letters received: D
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 12 Letters received: E
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 13 Letters received: J.B. Eads
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 14 Letters received: John Ericsson
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 15 Letters received: F
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 16 Letters received: D.G. Farragut
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 17 Letters received: J.S. Fay
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 18 Letters received: J.M. Forbes
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 19 Letters received: R.B. Forbes
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Letters received: G
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Letters received: F.H Gregory
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Letters received: J.W Grimes
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Letters received: H-K
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Letters received: T.A. Jenkins
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Letters received: J.W. King
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Letters received: L
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Letters received: W.K. Latimer
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Letters received: R.B. Loury
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Letters received: M
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 11 Letters received: N,O
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 12 Letters received: P
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 13 Letters received: D.D. Porter
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 14 Letters received: Q,R
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 15 Letters received: S
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 16 Letters received: Alban Stimers
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 17 Letters received: C.K. Stribling
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 18 Letters received: T
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 19 Letters received: U,V
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 20 Letters received: W
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 21 Letters received: A. Wise
1864
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Letters received: A,B
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Letters received: C
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Letters received: D
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Letters received: E
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Letters received: F
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Letters received: G
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Letters received: H-K
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Letters received: L
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Letters received: M,N
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Letters received: O
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Letters received: P
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Letters received: R
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 13 Letters received: S
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 14 Letters received: T
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 15 Letters received: U-Y
1865
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Letters received: A
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Letters received: B
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Letters received: C-F
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Letters received: G-K
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Letters received: L-R
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Letters received: D.D. Porter
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Letters received: S-T
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Letters received: W-Y
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Letters received: B-D
1867
Box: 11 Folder : 10 Letters received: E-G
1867
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Letters received: H-R
1867
Box: 11 Folder : 12 Letters received: S
1867
Box: 11 Folder : 13 Letters received: T-W
1867
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Letters received: A-D
1868
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Letters received: E-L
1868
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Letters received: M-Z
1868
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Letters received: A-L
1869
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Letters received: M-P
1869
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Letters received: R
1869
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Letters received: W-Y
1869
Box: 12 Folder : 8 Letters received
1870
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Letters received
1871
Box: 12 Folder : 10 Letters received
1872
Box: 12 Folder : 11 Letters received: St. John's Portsmouth - credence table donation
1872
Box: 12 Folder : 12 Letters received
1873
Box: 13 Folder : 1 Letters received
1874
Box: 13 Folder : 2 Letters received
1875
Box: 13 Folder : 3 Letters received
1876
Box: 13 Folder : 4 Letters received
1877
Box: 13 Folder : 5 Letters received
1878
Box: 13 Folder : 6 Letters received
1879
Box: 13 Folder : 7 Letters received
1880
Box: 13 Folder : 8 Letters received
1881
Box: 13 Folder : 9 Letters received
1882
Box: 13 Folder : 10 Letters received
1883
Box: 13 Folder : 11 Letters received
Undated
Box: OS 2 Folder : 9 Architectural plans for Montgomery Meigs residence, Washington DC
1869

Subseries II. Personal papers and documents (1838-1878)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes Fox's diaries, naval and civilian commissions and membership certificates, naval record of service, record of the sale of property, and other personal papers. His naval commissions are signed by Presidents Martin Van Buren (1838), John Tyler (1844), and Millard Fillmore (1851).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 1 Diaries
1866-1872
Box: 14 Folder : 2 Diaries
1873-1876 June 15
Box: 14 Folder : 3 Diaries
1876 June 16 - 1883
Box: 14 Folder : 4 Naval commissions
1838, 1844, 1851
Box: 14 Folder : 5 Sale of property, Lawrence, Massachusetts, to Washington Mills Co.
1854-1864
Box: 14 Folder : 6 Mt. Auburn Cemetery plot: Purchase, correspondence
1855, 1871
Box: 14 Folder : 7 Record of service in U.S. Navy
1866, 1888, undated
Box: 14 Folder : 8 U.S. tax return: draft version
1869
Box: 14 Folder : 9 Certificates of membership: New England Historical Society, Massachusetts Historical Society
1875, 1876
Box: OS 2 Folder : 10 Certificates of membership: New England Historic-Genealogic Society, Massachusetts Historical Society
1875 January 6, 1883 February 8
Box: OS 1 Folder : 8 Commission: Justice of the Peace, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
1878

Subseries III. Speeches and writings (1861-1883)

Scope and Content

The materials up to 1862 document Fox's interests and activities including his plans for the reinforcement of Fort Sumter, and the value of steam battleships culminating in his support of Ericsson's design and construction of Monitor, as well as its battle with   Virginia (originally  Merrimack) at Hampton Roads in 1862. These papers appear to have been collected after the fact and include correspondence from John Ericsson and the draft of an unnamed publication on the subject. They are annotated by Virginia Woodbury Fox and document requests she received for information on the subject.

Papers dating after the Civil War document Fox's 1866 mission to the court of Tsar Alexander II, his attempt to purchase the Southwest Pacific Railroad, his 1883 publication "The first landfall of Columbus: Is there extant evidence enough to prove the first landing place of Columbus in the new world?", and his interest in the history and topology of New Hampshire. The draft of his Columbus article is in a secretary's hand and edited in pencil, probably by Fox, and also shows Virginia Woodbury Fox's annotations. Some of the notes are numbered in pencil in order from 1 to 204, with no explanation provided for these notations.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 10 Plans for reinforcing Fort Sumter
1861 March
Box: 14 Folder : 11 Notes from British newspapers; writings on steamer specifications for U.S. Navy
1862-1863
Box: 14 Folder : 12 Monitor: Drafts, correspondence
1862-1875
Box: 14 Folder : 13 Monitor: Specifications, accounts of Hampton roads battle, Virginia Woodbury Fox notes
1862-1895
Box: 14 Folder : 14 Mission to Russia: letters and writings
1866
Box: 15 Folder : 1 Mission to Russia: Banquet menu
1866 August
Box: 15 Folder : 2 Mission to Russia: Speech at presentation of Congressional resolution to Tsar Alexander II
1866 Aug 8
Box: 15 Folder : 3 Mission to Russia: official dispatches
1866-1867
Box: 15 Folder : 4 Mission to Russia: Letters and writings
1866-1867
Box: 15 Folder : 5 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Correspondence
1867
Box: 15 Folder : 6 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Correspondence with Charles L. Woodbury
1867-1870
Box: 15 Folder : 7 Claims against Southwest Pacific Railroad
1867-1873
Box: 15 Folder : 8 Claims against Southwest Pacific Railroad
1867-1873
Box: 15 Folder : 9 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Correspondence
1868-1869
Box: 15 Folder : 10 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Correspondence
1870, 1873, 1876
Box: 16 Folder : 1 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Letters and writings
Undated
Box: 16 Folder : 2 Atlantic and Pacific Railroad: Correspondence, statement
1867, 1873
Box: 16 Folder : 3 Notes on New Hampshire history, topography, place names
[1877]
Box: 16 Folder : 4 "Facts about Carroll Kearsage Mountain, of New Hampshire. Read before the Appalachian Mountain Club, by G.V. Fox"
[1877]
Box: 16 Folder : 5 Speech at Philips Andover Academy centenary
1878
Box: 16 Folder : 6 Landing of Columbus: Notes and correspondence
1880-1881
Box: 16 Folder : 7 Landing of Columbus: Notes 1-107
1881, undated
Box: 16 Folder : 8 Landing of Columbus: Notes 108-294
1881, undated
Box: 16 Folder : 9 Landing of Columbus: Draft manuscripts
[1881]
Box: 16 Folder : 10 Landing of Columbus: Acknowledgments from libraries and individuals
1882-1883
Box: 17 Folder : 1 Writings and notes
undated
Box: 17 Folder : 2 Writings and notes
undated

Subseries IV. Financial records (1869-1893)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes receipted bills, accounts, cancelled checks, and a check register. They document the Foxes' household and personal expenses in Washington, Boston (where they lived at the Parker House), and Lowell, Massachusetts, as well as his 1866-1868 travels to Russia through many European cities. The 1874 receipts include expenses for settlement of the estate of his mother, Mrs. Olivia Fox.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 17 Folder : 3 Cancelled checks
1869 November - 1872 November
Box: 17 Folder : 4 Cancelled checks
1872 November 4 - 1874 February 4
Box: 17 Folder : 5 Cancelled checks
1874 July - 1878 March
Box: 17 Folder : 6 Check register
1869 November 2 - 1872 November 4
Box: 17 Folder : 7 Receipts
1866-1868
Box: 17 Folder : 8 Receipts: Boston and Lowell
1874
Box: 17 Folder : 9 Receipts: Boston
1875
Box: 18 Folder : 1 Receipts
1876
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Receipts: Boston
1877
Box: 18 Folder : 3 Receipts
1878-1880
Box: 18 Folder : 4 Receipts
1881-1882
Box: 18 Folder : 5 Receipts
1883
Box: 18 Folder : 6 Accounts with E.R. Mudge & Co.
1874-1877

Subseries V. Memorabilia, souvenirs, and visual materials (1823-1890)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes an autograph collection, souvenirs of social and cultural events, calling cards received at home while the Foxes lived in Washington, drawings, photographs, and the illustrated manuscript of a satirical account of life aboard a steam battleship. The autographed letters include some addressed to President Andrew Jackson and then referred to the Secretary of the Navy, and show signatures of author Washington Irving, President Martin Van Buren, and politicians Robert Livingston and Thurlow Weed. The invitations include those to Lincoln's second inauguration in March, 1865; dinners with visiting Russian officers; and a ceremony marking the raising of the American flag over Fort Sumter after its recapture in 1865. Among the undated cards announcing an "at home" is one for the White House from President and Mrs. Lincoln.

The drawings include some by Admiral David Porter, who is probably the author and illustrator of the satirical volume. The photographs include one of a woman, perhaps Virginia Woodbury Fox, alone, and with members of her family; as well as an unidentified older African-American woman.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 7 Letters to and from distinguished men
1823-1841, undated
Box: 18 Folder : 8 Invitations, passes, cards
1861-1878
Box: 18 Folder : 9 Invitations, passes, cards
[1860s]
Box: 18 Folder : 10 Satirical account of cut-off engines aboard U.S.S. Richmond and  Pensacola: "The experiences of a poor devil with the concatenations of curtailing cut off or Uncle Sam paying dearly for his steam whistle - how our money goes"
[1860s]
Box: 19 Folder : 1 Drawings and caricatures: David D. Porter
1862, 1883
Box: 19 Folder : 2 Engraved signature copperplates
[1860s]
Box: 19 Folder : 3 Photographs
[1860s], 1872
Box: 19 Folder : 4 Drawings, cards
1872, undated
Box: 19 Folder : 5 Menu: Levi Woodbury 70th birthday
1890 May 22
Box: 19 Folder : 6 Pennant: 1st Louisiana Artillery
Undated
Box: 19 Folder : 7 Invitation cards for Farragut celebration
Undated

Subseries VI. Printed materials and clippings (1850-1883)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes publications and other printed information as well as newspaper clippings on the Woodbury family, and on Fox's areas of interest and related to his writings. Some of the commercial printed materials appear to have been collected randomly. The scrapbook pages are leaves from other books onto which clippings have been glued. The document on "small Vessels in which I have been concerned" is anonymous but appears to be written by Robert Bennett Forbes, based on the ships listed. One document is in Chinese and may be the guest list for an event Fox attended.

Arrangement

The materials are arranged chronologically. The bundled clippings were originally stored separately; some of the other subject-related clippings were originally in other series and have been gathered together here. Some of the clippings were grouped by subject and others by time period; their original arrangement has been retained.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 19 Folder : 8 Woodbury family: Isaac O. Barnes oration, Montgomery Blair obituary, petition of Levi Woodbury heirs
1850, 1882, 1883
Box: 19 Folder : 9 Bonds: Florida Railroad Company, and others; Confederate currency
1856-1863
Box: 19 Folder : 10 Congressional publications
1861, 1884
Box: 19 Folder : 11 "Specifications and Plans: U.S. Iron-plated steam batteries"
1862 April
Box: 19 Folder : 12 Information on Monitor
1862-1868
Box: 19 Folder : 13 Newspaper clippings
1862-1880
Box: 19 Folder : 14 Newspaper clippings
1862-1880
Box: 19 Folder : 15 "Sketch showing the position of the compass station in Delaware River..."
1864
Box: 19 Folder : 16 Commercial printed materials
1865, 1871, 1878, 1916, undated
Box: 19 Folder : 17 Southwest Pacific Railroad: printed materials
1866-1881
Box: 19 Folder : 18 Southwest Pacific Railroad: clippings
1867-1868
Box: 19 Folder : 19 Atlantic and Pacific Railroad: printed materials
1867-1876
Box: 19 Folder : 20 Atlantic and Pacific Railroad clippings
1868-1871
Box: 19 Folder : 21 "Remarks of John Amory Lowell at the semi-centennial anniversary of the incorporation of Lowell, March 1, 1876"
1876 March 1
Box: 19 Folder : 22 Stewart-Meissonier letters about paintings
1876
Box: 19 Folder : 23 "Hon. Montgomery Blair's letter on the presidency"
1876
Box: 19 Folder : 24 Campaign materials: Tilden vs. Hayes
1876
Box: 19 Folder : 25 Bundled clippings
1878-1883
Box: 20 Folder : 1 Bundled clippings "Miscellaneous"
1879-1882
Box: 20 Folder : 2 Bundled clippings
1879-1883
Box: 20 Folder : 3 Bundled clippings "Political"
1880-1881
Box: 20 Folder : 4 Clippings scrapbook pages
1878, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 5 Bound clippings
1880
Box: 20 Folder : 6 "Census bulletin no. 302," "Forestry bulletin no. 23"
1880, 1883
Box: 20 Folder : 7 Columbus Landing: Background, reviews
1881, 1882, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 8 G.V. Fox letter: Orphanage of St. John's Parish
1883
Box: 20 Folder : 9 Newspaper clippings
undated
Box: 20 Folder : 10 "Notes in regard to the voyages of small vessels in which I have been concerned" [Robert Bennett Forbes?]
Undated
Box: 20 Folder : 11 Printed page in Chinese
undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 7 Statistical statement relating to South West Pacific Rail Road - Its lands, conditions and prospects
1864 October 14
Box: OS 2 Folder : 7 Plan for U.S. Steam battery
1868

Subseries VII. Virginia L. Woodbury Fox papers (1850-1896)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes letters sent (both originals and drafts) and received by Virginia Woodbury Fox, with recipients including her husband and other family members, as well as officials of St. John's Church in Washington, DC. After her husband's death, she donated land on which the Church erected an orphanage, with a plaque commemorating Gustavus Vasa Fox. Notes in her hand indicate that she destroyed much of her correspondence to her husband. Among those letters saved, and specifically marked, is that of July 20, 1863, describing the Draft Riots in New York City. Other highlights include a note (c. 1862) from Mary Lincoln and a separated envelope from President Abraham Lincoln.

Biographical Note

Virginia Lafayette Woodbury (1821-1908) was the daughter of Levi and Elizabeth Clapp Woodbury. She married Gustavus Vasa Fox in 1855; they had no children. Her sister, Mary Elizabeth, married Montgomery Blair and their children included Montgomery Blair, who was the Foxes' heir.

Arrangement

Some of Virginia Woodbury Fox's letters to her husband are filed with his letters received in Subseries I. Correspondence. Others are included here with her family's papers: she appears to have retrieved them from her husband's papers and specifically organized them here herself.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 20 Folder : 12 Letters sent: family
1850-1861
Box: 20 Folder : 13 Letters sent: family
1863-1865
Box: 20 Folder : 14 Letters sent: Gustavus Vasa Fox
1863-1864
Box: 20 Folder : 15 Letters sent: family
1870-1877, [1880s]
Box: 20 Folder : 16 Letters sent: St. John's Church orphanage, Washington DC
1885-1889
Box: 20 Folder : 17 Letters sent
1891-1897
Box: 20 Folder : 18 Letters received
1860-1875
Box: 20 Folder : 19 Letters received
1880-1888
Box: 20 Folder : 20 Letters received: St. John's Church orphanage, Washington DC
[1880s]
Box: 20 Folder : 21 Letters received
1891-1896

Subseries VIII. Woodbury and Fox family papers (1832-1879)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes correspondence and personal papers of members of the Woodbury and Fox family, including Virginia Woodbury Fox's father Levi and uncle Isaac O. Barnes. Levi Woodbury's letters received include those signed by Presidents Andrew Jackson (1835) and James Buchanan (1847) and by Senator Thomas Hart Benton (1851). The letters received are originals; the letters sent are letterpress copies, some of which are difficult to read. Most of the Barnes letters were in alphabetical order, which has been retained; the 1850-1851 letters were originally in the Levi Woodbury correspondence and have been moved here with their original order retained.

Biographical Note

Levi Woodbury (1789-1851) served as Secretary of the Navy (1831-1834), Secretary of the Treasury (1834-1841), United States senator (1841-1845), and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1845-1851). The bulk of his and other Woodbury family papers are now in the Library of Congress. Levi Woodbury's sister Hannah (b. 1800) was married to Isaac O. Barnes (b. 1798). Gustavus Vasa Fox served as executor of Barnes's will. The materials give no indication of William Bowes Bradford's relation to the Woodbury family; G.W.M. Guild appears to have been a nephew of Fox's.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 21 Folder : 1 Levi Woodbury: Letters sent
1832-1845
Box: 21 Folder : 2 Levi Woodbury: Letters received
1832-1851, undated
Box: 21 Folder : 3 William Bowes Bradford: will
1835
Box: 21 Folder : 4 Isaac O. Barnes: Diary and memoranda
1838
Box: 21 Folder : 5 Isaac O. Barnes: Letters received
1850, 1851
Box: 21 Folder : 6 Isaac O. Barnes: Letters received, A-W
1849-1856
Box: 21 Folder : 7 Isaac O. Barnes: Estate-related correspondence, documents
1863-1866
Box: 21 Folder : 8 G.W. M. Guild: Navy application and recommendations
1877-1879

Subseries IX. Archival and filing records (1862-1919)

Scope and Content

Some correspondence in Subseries I was originally folded and then bundled in stacks between wooden boards, probably for storage in pigeonholes within a desk or cabinet. On the boards was written the content and date range of the stacked documents. A few were retained with the collection and are included here. This subseries also includes Virginia Woodbury Fox's notes regarding decisions she made about her husband's papers.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 21 Folder : 9 Filing boards: Press copies of private letters
1862 A-Z
Box: 21 Folder : 10 Filing boards: G.V. Fox Unofficial
1862 L-W
Box: 21 Folder : 11 Filing boards
1863 A-Z
Box: 21 Folder : 12 Archives processing notes
1902, 1919

Subseries X. Bound Volumes (1838-1919)

Scope and Content

The bound volumes include Fox's letters (many to his future wife's uncle and aunt, Isaac O. and Hannah Woodbury Barnes) and journals from cruises on various vessels, a scrapbook about him collected by Virginia Woodbury Fox, a scrapbook of clippings created by a Blair or Fox family member, household accounts and records of the Foxes' stock and property holdings, two letter books (one containing letter press and one carbon copies), a writing portfolio that was a gift from Levi Woodbury, a relief map of New Hampshire's White Mountains, and the edited editions of Fox's correspondence published by the Naval History Society.

Virginia Woodbury Fox's notes in Volume 1 indicate that she erased or deleted various sections that she deemed to be "too personal." Her note in her scrapbook documents its importance to her and to any future biographer of her husband.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Letters, Cruise to China and Russia
1838-1851
Volume: 2 "Scrapbook of newspaper clippings concerning Gustavus Vasa Fox, collected by his wife, Virginia L.W. Fox"
1852-1903
Volume: 3 "Household Account Book, Expenses in Lawrence/ Expenses in Lowell/ Expenses in Boston"
1855-1876
Volume: 4 Property Book: Stocks and bonds held by Fox, and Virginia L. Woodbury before and after their marriage
1855-1882
Volume: 5 Diary, Russia
1866 June - December
Volume: 6 Letter book
1869-1878
Volume: 7 Scrapbook of newspaper clippings
[1860s]
Volume: 8 Letter book
1878-1879
Volume: 9 Scrapbook of clippings: "Matrimony and its happy results; Chronique scandaleuse"
[1870s]
Volume: 10 Relief Map of the White Mountains, New Hampshire
[1870s]
Volume: 11 Leather writing portfolio
Undated
Volume: 12 "Confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1861-1865, edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, Vol. I. New York: Naval History Society"
1918
Volume: 13 "Confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1861-1865, edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, Vol. I. New York: Naval History Society"
1918
Volume: 14 "Confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1861-1865, edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, Vol. II. New York: Naval History Society"
1919
Volume: 15 "Confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1861-1865, edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, Vol. II. New York: Naval History Society"
1919

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Series 18. France, Navy (1781)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of two volumes of transcripts from the Archives Nationales of France documenting the role of vessels under the command of Admiral De Grasse in the Battle of Yorktown.

Historical Note

French ships of the fleet of Admiral Francois Joseph Paul, Comte De Grasse (1722-1788), drove off the 19 British ships of Admiral Graves in early September, 1781, in the so-called Second Battle of the Virginia Capes. This isolated the forces of Cornwallis at Yorktown, contributing to his eventual surrender.

According to the Society's 1914 Annual Report, the location of De Grasse's records was unknown for many years. "But by diligent search, undertaken on the order of the Minister of Marine, upon the solicitation of the Secretary of the Society..., the lost records were found - the logbooks of all of De Grasse's ships, the dispatches received from the Admiral and the letter-book of orders issued to him from Paris." These were transcribed for the Society by the French government and were included in the seventh volume of its publications: "The Despatches of Thomas Graves, R.N., 1781," edited by Rear Admiral French E. Chadwick, U.S.N. and printed by DeVinne Press, New York, in 1916.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 "Transcripts from the Archives Nationals/ Archives de la Marine B4 184, 238, 248/ Livres de Bord Citoyen, Languedoc, Pluton/ 16 Juillet - 20 Septbre 1781."
1781 July 16 - September 20
Volume: 2 "Journal de Navigation de L'Armee aux Ordres de M. Le Comte de Grasse/ 16 Juillet - 21 Septembre 1781
1781 July 16 - September 21

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Series 19. Alexander Gallop (1826-1837)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of the journal of Alexander Gallop aboard vessels including US Frigate Brandywine (September 3 1826 - July 10 1827) and US Schooner   Dolphin (Laurence Rousseau Commander, July 10 1827 - October 9 1829), the latter to Callao, Peru. As well as a chronological record of the cruises, the volume includes clippings, poems, the ship's regulations, news of the deaths of Gallop's brother James in 1827 and sister Emily in 1828, as well as later annotations.

Historical Note

Brandywine, which had transported the Marquis de Lafayette back to France in 1825 after his triumphal tour of the United States, left New York City on September 3, 1826, as the flagship of Commodore Jacob Jones and carrying a relief crew for   Dolphin. Its tour of duty in the Pacific included protecting American citizens, especially merchant seamen being impressed into service by the Peruvian navy. Until August 1826,   Dolphin had cruised the Pacific coast of South America searching for mutineers of the whaler   Globe, returning to Callao with the two surviving members.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Journal Kept While on USS Dolphin and USS  Brandywine
1826-1837

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Series 20. USS General Grant (1864)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of the logbook of USS General Grant kept while it was patrolling the upper Tennessee River during the Civil War. The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Historical Note

USS General Grant was built in 1863 at Monongahela, PA, and chartered in July, 1864. It was assigned to patrol the upper Tennessee River, where it helped to clear Confederate troops from the area. In October, 1864, it destroyed 22 boats off Port Deposit and Crow Island, Maryland. On November 25 of that year, it took up the pontoon bridges previously constructed by Union troops in Decatur, Alabama.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Logbook, US Steamer General Grant
1864 July 20 - December

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Series 21. Caspar F. Goodrich (1862-1933)

Scope and Content

The collection includes official correspondence, notes and texts of lectures Admiral Goodrich delivered at the Naval War College, other writings including the edited manuscript of his memoirs, extracts from the diary of his grandfather Captain James Goodrich, and a scrapbook of newspaper clippings about the Spanish-American War.

Biographical Note

1847: Caspar Frederick Goodrich born Philadelphia, January 7

1861-1864: Attends US Naval Academy, graduating first in his class

1864-1865: Assigned to New York Navy Yard

1865-1868: With European squadron aboard Colorado and  Frolic

1868: Promoted to Lieutenant Commander

1868-1871: Aboard Portsmouth, South Atlantic Squadron

1871-1874: At US Naval Academy; teaches physics and chemistry in 1871. Helps to found U.S. Naval Institute

1876: Daughter Eleanor born

1881: Son Caspar born, Florence, Italy

1881-1884: Aboard Lancaster, flagship for European Squadron

1882-1885: Inspector of ordnance, Washington Navy Yard

1883: Publishes "Report of the British naval and military operations in Egypt, 1882"

1886-1890: Officer in charge, Torpedo Station, Newport, RI

1889: Serves as President, Naval War College, Portsmouth, RI

1891: Torpedo Board formed to research uses of torpedoes in naval operations

1891-1896: Commands sail training ships Jamestown and  Constellation, and gunboat   Concord

1897: Promoted to captain

1897-1898: Serves as President, Naval War College, Portsmouth, RI

1898: Originates Coastal Signal Service (designed to warn shoreline populace of an impending coastal attack by foreign ships) and serves as its Director

1898: Commands St. Louis and   Newark during the Spanish-American War, receiving the surrender of Manzanillo, Cuba, 12 August

1899-1900: Commands Iowa in Pacific Squadron

1900-1901: Lecturer, Naval War College, Portsmouth, RI

1900: Publishes "The naval side of the revolutionary war"

1901-1904: Commandant, Philadelphia Navy Yard

1904: Promoted to rear admiral

1904-1906: Named commander in chief, Pacific Fleet

1904-1909: Serves as President, U.S. Naval Institute

1907: Lieutenant Caspar Goodrich killed aboard USS Georgia, 15 July

1907-1909: Commandant, New York Navy Yard

1909: Retires from active duty

1914-1916: President, Naval History Society

1918: Recalled to active duty as Commander, Naval Training Unit, Princeton Graduate College

1918-1919: Officer in charge of Pay Officers Material School, Princeton Graduate College

1924: Writes memoir "Rope yarns from the old navy"

1925 Dies, Princeton, New Jersey

1931: Naval History Society publishes "Rope yarns from the old navy," edited by James Barnes, as eleventh volume of its publications.

1933: Mrs. Goodrich donates the manuscript of "Rope yarns" to the Naval History Society

1936: Eleanor Goodrich (Mrs. C.T Davis) donates Goodrich collection to the Naval History Society

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in five subseries:

Subseries I. Correspondence

Subseries II. Naval War College lectures and lecture notes

Subseries III. Writings

Subseries IV. James Goodrich journal transcripts

Subseries V. Bound volumes

Subseries I: Correspondence (1871-1918)

Scope and Content

The subseries consists mainly of official correspondence received, including orders to report to ships, permissions for leave, administration of the Torpedo Board, service on various courts martial, and assignments to lecture at the Naval War College. The letters sent are mostly typescript carbons with some letterpress copies, and include official reports filed on operations and cruises, providing details of the responsibilities of a ship's commander in this period. John Meigs's January 1909 letters discuss the formation of a naval historical society and in that year John Sanford Barnes sends draft bylaws of the Naval Historical Society, comparing it to Britain's Naval Records Society. The last document was found in the original Correspondence box and is not in Goodrich's handwriting; it may have been written by New-York Historical Society librarian Dorothy Barck.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters sent
1871-1906
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Draft to Ben Lamberton
1895 December 8
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Letters received
1863 -1878
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Letters received
1881 -1884
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Letters received
1885 - 1887
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Letters received
1888 - 1889
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Letters received
1890 - 1893
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Letters received
1894 - 1895
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Letters received
1896 - 1897
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Letters received
1903 - 1906
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Letters received
1909, 1918
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Printed enclosure: H.R. 8476, Committee on Naval Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives
1895
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Note on post-war planning
Undated

Subseries II. Naval War College lectures and lecture notes (1862-1904)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes notes, handwritten drafts, and final versions (mostly carbon typescripts) of lectures Goodrich presented at the Naval War College, as well as notes on other topics. Also included are a newspaper clipping and a list of personal items, perhaps from the Goodrich residence, found with the lecture materials. "The Problem of 96" is one of the annual examinations by College cadets of a challenge in coastal defense: the 1896 one looked at a specific part of nearby Narragansett Bay. This is an early precursor of the theoretical "war games" the College famously initiated.

The numbered lectures were delivered in order as part of a series on famous international naval encounters, from the Battle of Sluys in 1340 to Drake's destruction of King Phillip's fleet in Cadiz Harbor in 1587, Napoleon's Nile Campaign of 1798, and the 1827 Battle of Navarino during the Greek War of Independence. These form the backdrop for Goodrich's final multipart lecture on Dewey's engagement in Manila during the Spanish-American War, which had occurred only three years before these lectures. It is unclear if the material on the Army's landing in Cuba formed part of this presentation.

Arrangement

The lecture notes are arranged chronologically and the numbered lectures in order as noted on them and their original packaging. Some lectures' accompanying graphic materials (maps and photoreproductions probably used in the preparation of lantern slides) were pinned to the lecture text; these have been separated, numbered by page on which they appeared, and housed by lecture. The notes' original envelopes are in separate folders; they may date any time from the lectures in 1901 to the collection's donation to the Naval History Society in 1933.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Extract from "Fortifications and Sea Coast Defenses," Congressional Committee on Military Affairs
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Lists of personal items
probably 1890s
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Problem of 96: Eggemoggin Reach; copy of Admiral Mahan letter to Taylor on the subject
1895 July 19, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Newspaper clipping on privateering
1896 April 16
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Letter on armored cruisers from Admiral W.S. Schley
1896 July 23
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Naval War College documents: Elements of a "War Chart and Defense Plan"; definition of art of war; document on international law
1896, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Letter defining Mediterranean compass variations 1798; notes on Egyptian campaign of 1798
1901 Jan 22, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 First lecture: Battle of Sluys. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 9 First lecture: Battle of Sluys. Photoreproductions, maps
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Second lecture: Singeing the King of Spain's Beard: Cadiz, 1587. Draft
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Second lecture: Singeing the King of Spain's Beard: Cadiz, 1587. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Third lecture: Blake at Porto Farina. Draft
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Third lecture: Blake at Porto Farina. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Third lecture: Blake at Porto Farina. Maps and photoreproductions.
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Fourth lecture: Blake's last fight - Santa Cruz de Teneriffe, April 20, 1627. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Fifth lecture: The Nile Campaign I. The Pursuit. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Sixth lecture: The Battle of the Nile II. The Attack. Draft
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Sixth lecture: The Battle of the Nile II. The Attack. Text
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Sixth lecture: The Battle of the Nile II. The Attack. Maps and reproductions
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Seventh lecture: The Battle of Navarino. Draft.
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Dewey at Manila: Notes
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Dewey at Manila: I. Introduction. II. Strained Relations. III. Dewey's Objectives. IV. Authorities. V. American Preparations
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Dewey at Manila: VI. The Opposing Forces. VII. Spanish Preparations. VIII. Spanish Accounts of the Battle
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Dewey at Manila: IX. American Accounts of the Battle. X. The Finish
1901
Box: 2 Folder : 25 The landing of the army in Cuba
circa 1901
Box: OS 1 Folder : 9 Assorted lecture notes. Envelope
1904
Box: OS 1 Folder : 10 Second lecture. Singeing of the King of Spain's Beard. Envelope
Undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 11 Seventh lecture. The Battle of Navarino. Envelope
Undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 12 Seventh lecture. The Battle of Navarino. Map blueprints
Undated
Box: OS 3 Folder : 3 Sixth lecture. Battle of the Nile. Envelopes
Undated

Subseries III. Writings (1901-1933)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes notes and final versions of Goodrich's writings, apart from the lectures he delivered at the Naval War College, including various topics in naval warfare, an address on establishing a naval training facility in San Diego, and his 1924 memoirs. The latter includes a typescript with handwritten emendations probably by James Barnes, who edited the work for publication by the Naval History Society ("Rope yarns from the old navy," published by J.J. Little & Ives Co., as the eleventh volume of the Society's publications), and a final clean version incorporating those changes. The memoirs are an affectionate look at his early service in the Navy, which he describes as "coincident with the great changes from sail to steam; from wooden frigates to steel dreadnoughts; from smooth bore muzzle loaders to breech loading rifled cannon; from man power to electricity."

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Logistics
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Coast defense
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Label from wrapper for writings on coast defense and logistics
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Navigation
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Interior water communication
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Scouting for the U.S.S. Tacony
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Dutch - French - English Wars of the 17th Century
[1901]
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Extracts from G.B. Mundy's 1830 Biography of Admiral Rodney
1901
Box: 3 Folder : 9 "Confidential report of Gunnery Information Obtained During a Visit to England - British Battle Practice"
1905 June
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Comments to San Diego Chamber of Commerce about establishing a naval training station
circa 1916
Box: 3 Folder : 11 In memoriam: Tribute to Stephen Bleecker Luce, published by the Naval History Society
1919
Box: 3 Folder : 12 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": Cover page, foreword, comments
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 13 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": I. How I Entered the Navy. II. At the Naval Academy During the Civil War. III. Some Experiences as a Midshipman
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 14 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": IV. Goldsborough. V. My First Foreign Port. VI. Mediterranean Cruise, Concluded. VII. With Farragut
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 15 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": VIII. In the South Atlantic, 1869-1871. IX. A Remote Island Community. X. St. Paul de Loando - St. Helena - Ascension. XI. In Asiatic Waters, 1875-1878
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 16 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": XII. Another European Cruise. XIII. Another European Cruise (Concluded). XIV. The Last of My Sailing Ships: 1. The Jamestown.
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 17 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": XV. 2. The Constellation. XVI. Bluejackets of the Old Navy
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 18 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": Complete revised typescript
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 19 "Rope Yarns from the Old Navy": Typescript box, presented to the Naval History Society March 29, 1933
1933

Series IV. James Goodrich journal transcripts (undated)

Scope and Contents note

The subseries consists of undated notes in Goodrich's hand, and a typed transcript, from the logs of Captain James Goodrich (dated 1796-1853) aboard various vessels, including Confederacy. These may be related to the publication in  Journal of American History (IV, II, pp. 273-280, 1910) of "First Commerce Under American Flag," by William Goodrich (grandson of James and brother of Caspar F.), which documents James Goodrich's claims against the French government for restitution of goods seized on a voyage.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 20 "Notes from the log of the Confederacy from London to Madeira to China (in which James Goodrich sailed), 1796 Jan 10 - 1797 June 9
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 21 "Miscellaneous abstracts from journal on board the ship Fame etc. of Capt. James Goodrich, London to New Orleans", 1800-1801
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 22 "Random notes from the journals of Captain James W. Goodrich", 1823 - 1853
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Typed transcript from James Goodrich logs: Conditions in Whampoa, China (probably aboard Galaxy), circa 1835
Undated

Subseries V. Bound volumes

Scope and Content

The subseries consists of a scrapbook of newspaper clippings on the Spanish-American War.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Scrapbook of clippings on the Spanish-American War
1898

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Series 22. Great Britain, Navy (1769-1786)

Scope and Content

The collection includes original lists from the Royal Navy that provide detailed information on ships and their outfitting, and transcripts of Admiralty outgoing letters bound by the Naval History Society. The latter form the basis of the Society's third volume of publications in 1913: "The Dispatches of Molyneux Shuldham, Vice-Admiral of the Blue and Commander in Chief of his Brittanic Majesty's Ships in North America, Jan-July 1776," edited by Robert W. Neeser and printed by DeVinne Press, New York.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 "A List of His Majesty's Royal Navy, Navy Office"
1769
Volume: 2 "A Correct list of the Royal Navy for the 1st of January 1786 with the dimentions and value of the hulls, masts, yards, sails, guns, shot, anchor, cable furniture, etc."
1786
Volume: 3 "Great Britain Admirality Secretary's Department Out-Letters, Letters, Orders and Instructions and Secret Letters to Vice Admiral Graves April 8, 1774 - April 25, 1776/ Vols. 99-100, 548-551, 1332-1333, 1774-1776"
Undated
Volume: 4 "Great Britain Admirality Secretary's Department Out-Letters, Letters, Orders and Instructions and Secret Letters to Rear or Vice Admiral Shuldham July 19, 1775-Sept 6, 1776/ vols. 99-101, 550-552, 1333"
Undated

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Series 23. Samuel Dana Greene (1869-1883, 1931)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of letters, orders, and other official communications to, and both manuscript and letterpress copies of letters from, Greene while in command of various vessels, as well as receipted bills for personal and chandlery supplies for the ships. The documents from Admiral Turner are mostly printed circulars, and Volume 1 includes a letter to Naval History Society librarian Dorothy Barck providing details about the Greene family, from the Boston book and autograph dealer who sold these manuscript materials to the Society. Volume 2 provides detailed information on Saranac's officers, rigging, crew, and movements via its log, while the volumes from USS   Juniata and   Monongahela detail requests for enlistment and re-enlistment, reports of missing sailors, and other daily shipboard operations. Correspondence to the Secretary of the Navy is addressed to George M. Robeson (1869 - March 1877) and Richard W. Thompson (April 1887 - 1880).

Biographical Note

Samuel Dana Greene (1840-1884) served as USS Monitor's only executive officer, under five different commanders, assuming command after Captain Worden was wounded in the engagement at Hampton Roads with CSS  Virginia (originally   Merrimack) on March 9, 1862. Although criticized for permitting   Merrimack's retreat, he acted in accord with the orders of both President Lincoln and Assistant Secretary of the Navy Gustavus V. Fox (Series 17), confining   Monitor to a defensive role. Between 1866 and 1884 he served in various capacities at the US Naval Academy. From 1868 to 1871 he saw service with the Pacific Squadron aboard USS   Saranac to Chile under the command of Admiral Turner; commanded USS   Juniata of the European Station in 1875-1876 and the training ship USS   Monongahela off the East Coast from 1876-1877; and was in command of cadet engineers from Annapolis aboard USS   Despatch from 1882 to 1884. He killed himself at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, attributed to anxiety over an article on the  Monitor/Virginia engagement he was preparing for publication.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 General Orders and Circulars from Rear Admiral Thomas Turner, USN commanding the Pacific Fleet
1869-1870, 1931
Volume: 2 Watch, Quarters & Station Bills, USS Saranac, Pacific fleet
1870
Volume: 3 General correspondence, USS Juniata
1875 January 25 - 1876 February 12
Volume: 4 Correspondence with the Secretary of the Navy from USS Juniata and USS  Monongahela
1875 January 25 - 1877 July 18
Volume: 5 Telegrams sent from USS Juniata and  Monongahela
1875 January 28 - 1877 June 9
Volume: 6 Letters received aboard USS Juniata and USS  Monongahela
1876 May 23 - 1877 January 31
Volume: 7 Letter press copies USS Monongahela
1876-1877
Volume: 8 Letters received on USS Monongahela
1877 January 23 -July 23
Volume: 9 Receipted Bills for Personal Expenses
1879 January 30 - 1881 December 31
Volume: 10 Letters received on USS Despatch
1882 July 10 -1883 June 27

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Series 24. Theodore P. Greene (1863-1864)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of a single volume of copies of outgoing letters from and one incoming letter to Captain Theodore P. Greene while aboard USS Mercedita,  USS Santiago de Cuba, and   USS San Jacinto in 1863 and 1864. The volume shows a bookplate from the library of Richard Worsam Meade 4th, son of Rear Admiral Richard Worsam Meade 3rd (see Series 31). The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Biographical Note

Theodore P. Greene (1809-1887) was appointed midshipman in 1826 and served on various vessels in the Mediterranean and Pacific. In 1860 he assumed command of the Mare Island Naval Shipyard near San Francisco, California. He was promoted to captain in 1862 and served aboard USS Mercedita in the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron from Beaufort, North Carolina. He commanded USS   Santiago de Cuba and later USS   San Jacinto in the East Gulf Blocking Squadron, intercepting vessels including Confederate ships flying English colors. He was appointed a member of the Board of Visitors at the US Naval Academy in May, 1868, and later that year assumed command of Pensacola Navy Yard until his retirement in 1872.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Letter book of Captain Theodore P. Greene, U.S. N., U.S Ships Mercedita 1863;  Santiago de Cuba 1863;  San Jacinto, 1864
1863 June - 1864 July

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Series 25. Lewis Randolph Hamersly (1870, 1872, 1878; bulk, 1870)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of one volume of 289 letters received after the publication of Hamersly's 1870 and 1878 editions of "The records of living officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, compiled from official sources." They include orders to purchase the publications and updates to officers' records in the previous edition, sometimes annotated on clippings taken from it.

Biographical Note

Lewis Randolph Hamersly (1847-1910) served in the Navy from 1862 to 1866 and in the Marine Corps from 1866 to 1869 before entering the publishing trade. His "Records of living officers," published by J.B. Lippincott and others in seven editions from 1870 to 1902, detailed the full records of living officers in the US Navy and Marine Corps. After establishing his own publishing firm, he published later editions of this and other reference works including "A naval encyclopedia" in 1881, "List of officers of the Navy of the United States and of the Marine Corps from 1775 to 1900" in 1901, and "First citizens of the republic" in 1906.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Letters, Officers of U.S. Navy
1870, 1872, 1878

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Series 26. Lt. Robert William Henderson (1907-1908)

Scope and Content

The series consists of a scrapbook of materials collected during the American Fleet's 1907-1908 cruise to the Pacific by Lieutenant Robert William Henderson (1877-1921), who served as Admiral W. H. Emory's flag lieutenant (aide de camp) during part of the cruise. It includes invitations to balls, dinners, dances, and other social gatherings; passes for private clubs, events, and ship access; place cards, programs, menus, and dance cards; caricatures and uncaptioned photographs, including some of earthquake damage in Messina, Sicily.

Historical Note

The United States battle fleet's first ever global circumnavigation, involving some 14,000 sailors and stops in 20 international ports, departed Hampton Roads, Virginia, on December 16, 1907. The 16 battleships and escorts (nicknamed "The Great White Fleet") made stops in Trinidad and Cuba before sailing along South America's east coast, through the Straits of Magellan, and north up the west coast to rendezvous in Magdalena Bay, Mexico. The fleet arrived in San Francisco in May. From there it called at Honolulu, Hawaii; Auckland, New Zealand; Sydney, Melbourne, and Perth, Australia; Manila; Tokyo and Yokohama, Japan; Amoy, China; Hong Kong; and reached Suez, Egypt, on January 3, 1909. In Italy, crew members offered aid to victims of a recent earthquake there. The fleet departed Italy January 9, 1909, making a stop in Gibraltar and arriving at Hampton Roads on February 22.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 US Navy World Cruise Scrapbook
1907-1909

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Series 27. Isaac Hull (1798-1841)

Scope and Content

The series comprises logbooks, letter books, combined journal and letter book volumes, and orders received by Captain Isaac Hull aboard various vessels and while in command of Navy Yards in Boston, Portsmouth, and Washington.

The USS Constitution material includes logbooks while it was under the command of Samuel Nicholson and Silas Talbot (Volume 1), and then under Hull's command, including immediately before its August 1812 engagement with   Guerriere. Its 1810-1811 logbook (Volume 3) includes "Commander Rodgers' Rules for Sparring and Rigging Frigates;" dimensions of British vessels built and launched 1809; dimensions of the USF   President, a bomb ketch, a gun boat, US Brig   Hornet, US Brig  Congress, and US Brig   Chesapeake, plus "an indent [order or requisition] of articles by various personnel, presumably of a frigate."

The letter books include copies of outgoing correspondence from Hull to Commodore John Rodgers, Secretary of the Navy Paul Hamilton, and others (Volumes 2 and 4) while Hull was commanding USS Constitution; to Navy Secretaries William Jones and Benjamin W. Crowninshield, Navy agent Samuel Storer, Commodore William Bainbridge (see Series 1), and others (Volumes 6 and 7), while he was commanding Portsmouth Navy Yard; to Navy Secretary Samuel Southard and others (Volume 8), General Simon Bolivar, General Jose Ramon Rodil, Michael Hogan, and other US officials in South America (Volume 9), Secretary of the Navy James K. Paulding and others (Volume 14), and officers in the Mediterranean Squadron (Volume 15) while he was commanding USS   Ohio and USS   United States. The 1823-1827 order book (Volume 10) includes letters to officers under his command on the Pacific coast of South America while he commanded USS   United States.

The 1829-1831 and 1829-1835 letter books (Volumes 12 and 13) include correspondence to the Secretary of the Navy, Navy Commissioners, and others while Hull commanded the Navy Yard in Washington.

Two volumes combine letters with other materials. Volume 11 includes letters sent (August 10, 1824, to March 10, 1837), which are indexed on pp. 69-72, with orders sent (October 1, 1838, to October 12, 1840) to officers commanding vessels in the Mediterranean Squadron under Hull's leadership. Volume 17 includes a range of letters from October, 1838, to July, 1841, while Hull commanded USS Ohio as well as log entries, miscellaneous remarks, and copies of letters dated April 15 to August 2, 1841.

Portions of the collection are available on microfilm.

Biographical Note

1773: Isaac Hull born Derby, Connecticut, March 9

1798: Commissioned fourth lieutenant

1798-1800: Aboard frigate Constitution under Commodores Samuel Nicholson and Silas Talbot

1801: Takes charge of Constitution

1803: Commands USS Enterprise

1804: Promoted master commandant; as commander of brig Argus participates with Commodore Edward Preble's Mediterranean squadron in the war against the Barbary States

1806: Promoted captain; in Connecticut contracts for and superintends building of four gunboats

1809: Aboard USS John Adams and USS   Chesapeake

1810: Commands USS Constitution

1811: Conveys Joel Barlow, newly appointed US minister to France, and carries currency to Holland to pay interest on debt

1812: War is declared against Great Britain, June 20

1812: Sails from Annapolis July 12 to join squadron of Commodore Rodgers at New York.

1812: Constitution engages and ruins British frigate   Guerriere on August 19 while sustaining minimal damage and earns sobriquet "Old Ironsides"; Hull receives surrender of Captain Dacres

1812: Receives Congressional gold medal; Constitution's crew receives cash awards

1813: Commands Boston Navy Yard and Portsmouth Navy Yard

1815: Appointed to Board of Navy Commissioners

1824-1827: Commodore of Pacific Squadron flagship United States protecting American shipping and commercial interests

1829-1835: Commands Washington Navy Yard

1833: Commands USS Constitution after its reconstruction

1838: Appointed Commodore of Mediterranean Squadron

1839-1841: Commands European Squadron flagship USS Ohio

1841: Retires from active duty

1843: Dies 13 February in Philadelphia

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Log Book, US Frigate Constitution
1798 December 6 - 1800 October 20
Volume: 2 Letter book
1809 October 28 - 1811 March 16
Volume: 3 Remark Book and Journal, US Frigate Constitution
1810 June 17 - 1811 July 19
Volume: 4 Letter book
1811 March 29 - November 27
Volume: 5 Log, US Frigate Constitution
1811 August 2 - 1812 August 19
Volume: 6 Letter book
1813 February 25 - 1814 March 13
Volume: 7 Letter book
1814 March 16 - [1815] March 17
Volume: 8 Letter book
1823 October 25, - 1827 July 2
Volume: 9 Letter book, USS United States
1823 October 25 -1827 November 7
Volume: 10 Order Book
1823 November 24 - 1827 April 29
Volume: 11 Letter book and orders received
1824 August 10 - 1840 October 12
Volume: 12 Letter book
1829 May 14 - 1831 June 25
Volume: 13 Letter book
1829 September 18 - 1835 October 18
Volume: 14 Letters to Secretary of Navy, USS Ohio
1838 August 27-1840 February 12
Volume: 15 Orders and correspondence, USS Ohio
1838 Sept 20 - 1840 August 2
Volume: 16 Letter book, USS Ohio
1838 September 20 - 1841 July 2
Volume: 17 Journal and letter book
1838 October- 1841 August 2
Volume: 18 Letters to Navy Commissioners, USS Ohio
1840 February -1841 September 13

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Series 28. John Paul Jones (1776-1976; bulk 1907-1930)

Scope and Content

The series includes five 18th century documents from the collection of John Sanford Barnes (Series 3) related to the exploits of John Paul Jones; and supporting material about Jones either produced or collected by both Barnes and his son Col. James Barnes (Series 4). The series documents Jones himself, the history of the Barnes's collecting of Jones-related information and objects, and their efforts to determine the authenticity and veracity of these. It includes John Sanford Barnes's correspondence with various Jones biographers and collectors, typed transcripts of Jones's ships' logbooks and personal correspondence, photoreproductions of original items in Barnes's and other collections, clippings and other published materials, Col. James Barnes's writings on Jones, and undated and unattributed notes about the provenance and acquisition of Jones-related material.

The original documents carry the signatures of Jones himself on a letter to DeNeufville introducing John Barry and, on his commission aboard Providence, that of John Hancock. The clippings document a report of the finding of Jones's body in Paris in 1903, the 1909 appearance of   Ranger's logbooks and a separate auction of Jones material, information from the Russian archives in 1926, and the Naval History Society's participation in placement of a new headstone at the grave of Jones's brother William Jones in Fredericksburg, VA, in 1930. It is not clear who added the 1976 clipping on the purported finding of the wreck of   Bon Homme Richard.

The correspondence documents organizations and individuals interested in Jones material, including the Library of Congress (the Manuscripts Division published "A calendar of John Paul Jones manuscripts in the Library of Congress" in 1903); biographer Anna deKoven (author of the 1913 "The letters of John Paul Jones"); and Grenville Kane, the Naval History Society's treasurer who was acknowledged as the greatest collector of Jones material. There is both a clean and an edited version of the typed transcript of Jones's correspondence, which Col. James Barnes may have planned to publish.

Some of the photocopied material shows penciled notes on the original items' provenance and history. The Beaumont Groube material documents John Sanford Barnes's effort to determine, through a handwriting comparison, the writer of Serapis's logbook (see Series 49). Photocopies of Jones's sealing wax imprint on the DeNeufville letter fueled continuing speculation about whether the seal itself had originally been a gift to him from Marie Antoinette.

The commission signed by Hancock, Jones's letter to DeNeufville, and correspondence to and from Barnes about Jones are available on microfilm.

Historical Note

John Paul Jones is among the most romantic and written-about figures in Revolutionary history. His raising of the first American flag aboard a naval vessel in 1776, his response to the British call to surrender Bon Homme Richard of "I have not yet begun to fight," and his victory aboard that vessel over   Serapis in 1779 are elements of American nation-building with almost mythic significance. John Sanford Barnes's Jones collection was a product of his general interest in naval history (with a focus on heroic exploits) magnified by his often-mentioned family connection with Jones's contemporaries Commodore Bainbridge (see Series 1) and Admiral Barry (see Series 5): Barnes's wife's grandfather James Hayes was a nephew of and adopted by John Barry; his wife's mother was Bainbridge's daughter, Sarah Bainbridge Hayes.

The early 20th century saw the publication of many biographies and articles about Jones's personal life and exploits. Their prevalence is perhaps attributable to the general increased focus on naval contributions to military victories after the Spanish American War in 1898 and efforts to build a "new American navy" for the new century. In 1900 August Buell published the widely quoted and later disparaged "Paul Jones: Founder of the American Navy"; in 1905 James Barnes's own "The personal appearance of John Paul Jones" was published in Appleton's Booklover's Magazine. The Naval History Society's first publication was "Logs of the   Serapis,   Alliance, and   Ariel under the Command of John Paul Jones, 1778-1780," edited by John Sanford Barnes, and printed by De Vinne Press, New York, in 1911, based on the original and transcribed logbooks (see Series 49) in his personal collection. Anna deKoven's biography (for which she consulted Barnes and his collection) was published in 1913, and in 1917 Don Seitz published "Paul Jones: His exploits in English seas during 1778 to 1780." Each added new information and raised further questions about details of Jones's life and genealogy, accomplishments, death, and burial, which were discussed both privately in correspondence among authors and collectors, and publicly in newspaper letters columns.

Arrangement

The 18th century materials are arranged chronologically. The thematic organization of Barnes's collection-related material in its original housing has been retained and those folders are arranged chronologically. The undated material is ordered with original writings first, followed by transcripts and photoreproduced images.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

Additional correspondence received by John Sanford Barnes about John Paul Jones can be found in the Naval History Society's Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection (see Series 52).

Series 49 (Logbooks: US Navy) of the Naval History Society Collection includes transcripts of the logbooks of Ranger and   Bon Homme Richard and the original one-volume logbooks of   Serapis,   Alliance, and   Ariel.

Barnes described the history of his collecting of Jones-related and other naval memorabilia in his 1902 lecture "Naval Literature" to the U.S. Naval Institute, published in Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, vol XXIX, no. 2, whole no. 106 (XN E182 .B26).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Jones letter to Admiral E. Hopkins
1776 September 4
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Commission to command sloop Providence
1776 Oct 29
Box: 1 Folder : 3 DeMartine letter on outfitting Bon Homme Richard
1779 January 30
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Jones letter introducing John Barry
1783 June 4
Box: 1 Folder : 5 John Browne letter
1789 February 25
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence to J.S. Barnes about Jones
1905, 1909, 1910, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Printed material: general
1906-1939, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Clippings and correspondence: Jones's appearance and portraiture
1907-1909, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Clippings: General
1909-1976
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Material on logbooks: Correspondence, photoreproduction
1910-1911
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Material on Bon Homme Richard's flag: Clipping, photograph
1923, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Visual materials: Photographs, postcard, commemorative stamps
1931, 1936, 1940
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Material on Jones's naval commission: Correspondence, clippings, photoreproduction
1931, 1940, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Material on Hancock-signed commission
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Miscellaneous notes
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 16 "Miscellaneous writings by Col. James Barnes about John Paul Jones"
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Transcripts of Jones's letters
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Typescript: Letters of John Paul Jones
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Corrected typescript: Letters of John Paul Jones
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Typescript: "An Alphabetical List of Letters to Sundry Persons Contained in the Book"
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Photoreproductions of Jones documents
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Photoreproduction, Beaumont Groube letter; J.S. Barnes note
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Photoreproductions of Jones's letter introducing Barry, and Barry's seal
Undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 13 DeKoven article on Jones; correspondence with J.S. Barnes
1906-1910
Box: OS 1 Folder : 14 Transcripts and photostats of Jones's letter to Admiral Hopkins
Undated

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Series 29. Edward Yorke McCauley (1845-1877)

Scope and Content

The series consists of McCauley's illustrated seamanship and gunnery notebook, kept while he was a midshipman at Annapolis and including notes on astronomy, signals, and maneuvers; his illustrated and highly detailed diary kept aboard USS Powhatan during its visit to Japan under Commodore Matthew Perry; orders and telegrams received; as well as letterpress copies of official correspondence sent, most while McCauley commanded USS   Lackawanna as part of the Asiatic Squadron. The correspondence discusses personnel issues, local problems likely to affect American interests, and relations with Europeans and Americans in ports including Nagasaki and Yokohama, Japan; Shanghai, China; and Hong Kong.

The correspondence received had been disbound from a scrapbook and numbered chronologically in red china marker, probably preparatory to microfilming.

The correspondence and the letterpress book (Volume 3) are available on microfilm.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

The 1854 diary was edited by Allan Cole and published in 1942 by Princeton University Press as "With Perry in Japan: The diary of Edward Y. McCauley" (DS809.U5 M2).

Biographical Note

Edward Yorke McCauley (1827-1894), born in Tripoli while his father served there as US Consul, had an illustrious naval career: serving on various vessels on the African coast in the 1850s, as part of the coastal blockade during the Civil War, and rising through the ranks of commander (1866), fleet captain and chief of staff of the North Atlantic Squadron (1867), captain (1872) while serving in the Pacific, commodore (1881), and rear admiral (1885). In 1881 he was elected fellow of the American Philosophical Society, and was the author of works on Egyptology including a dictionary of hieroglyphics published by the Society.

As a midshipman in 1852 he was aboard USS Powhatan, the flagship of Admiral Matthew Perry, when it departed Norfolk for Japan and entered Tokyo Bay on February 14, 1854. Perry oversaw signing of the first treaty with Japan on March 31, opening that country to commercial contact with the West.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Correspondence received
1872 November 20 - 1873 June 20
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence received
1873 June 28 - November 14
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence received
1873 November 22 -1874 March 6
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Correspondence received
1874 March 16 - September 21
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence received
1874 Sept 29 - November 30
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Orders and telegrams
1874 October 28 - 1876 July 14
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Photoreproductions, color: Japan diary, 1854
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Photoreproductions, black and white: Japan diary, 1854
Undated
Volume: 1 Seamanship and gunnery
1845 January 9 - 1847 April 14
Volume: 2 Diary
1853 February 13 - 1854 June 10
Volume: 3 Letterpress book
1873 August - 1877 March

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Series 30. Richard Worsam Meade, 2nd (1836-1865, 1871, 1976)

Scope and Content

The collection is comprised of materials related to the crew of brig Washington and prize claims for capture of  Amistad; correspondence and records from Meade's command of various vessels and at the New York Navy Yard; detailed information about  San Jacinto under his command, including the salvage of its equipment after it was wrecked; materials related to the inquiry into John McLaughlin's conduct during the Florida campaign against the Seminole Indians; Meade's efforts to make Spanish translations of notable American documents available after the Mexican-American War; a statement from his estate; and a newspaper clipping about the reconstructed  Amistad's participation in Operation Sail.

One of the lists of officers aboard Washington during its capture of  Amistad and the prize money apportioned is dated April 23, 1800: this appears to be an error in transcription from an original.

Meade's role in the expedition to map Colombia's Atrato River is not clear from the correspondence: its mission was to map possible transisthmian sites before Panama was eventually chosen.

The foldered log books of North Carolina appear to have been disbound from a volume similar to others in the collection. General orders have been pasted over the logbook entries in some places.

The Spanish translations of various documents of American freedom, and correspondence documenting efforts to have them distributed to new Spanish-speaking citizens, are undated. They may date to soon after the annexation of Texas and other Spanish-speaking territories as a result of the Mexican-American War that ended in 1848.

Much of the early correspondence bears the date, added in pencil, of the collection's acquisition by the Naval History Society: May 3, 1934. The subject of a few documents has been written on them in blue pencil.

All the volumes show the bookplate of Richard Worsam Meade (a heraldic crest bearing the motto "Toujours prest") as well as a sticker with the Naval History Society's seal that reads "From the Library of Richard Worsam Meade 4th (1870-1833), son of Richard Worsam Meade (3rd), Rear Admiral U.S.N., presented by Mrs. Richard Worsam Meade (4th), May 3, 1934".

Portions of this collection relating to the Civil War have been digitized and are available to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Related Materials at The New-York Historical Society

In 1862, San Jacinto was under the command of Theodore Greene. His correspondence from 1863 to 1864 aboard that vessel forms part of Series 23 and was donated to the Naval History Society by Mrs. Meade as part of her 1934 gift.

Arrangement

The loose materials had previously been arranged in chronological order by subject, with printed materials gathered together at the end. The thematic divisions have been retained but all foldered materials are now in chronological order.

Biographical Note

1807: Richard Worsam Meade 2nd born in Spain

1826: Enters Navy as midshipman

1826-1836: Serves aboard Brandywine,  St. Louis

1836: Marries Clara Forsyth Meigs

1837: Son Richard Worsam Meade 3rd (see Series 31) born New York City

1837: Promoted to lieutenant; serves with US Coast Survey, at New York Navy Yard, aboard steamer Fulton and storeship   Erie

1839: Lieutenant under Captain Gedney aboard brig Washington at capture of slave ship  Amistad off Long Island coast, August

1840s: Fulfils intermittent naval service while awaiting orders

1847: Assigned to steamer Scourge

1851: Resigns commission

1854-1855: Resumes service as commanding officer aboard steamship Massachusetts in the Pacific Squadron

1855: Resigns commission

1861: Returns to active duty as Commander of receiving ship North Carolina at New York, on which new recruits are housed and trained before receiving their permanent assignments

1864: Promoted to captain, commanding officer aboard San Jacinto during its pursuit and capture of various Confederate ships supplying southern ports

1865: Supervises salvage of guns and equipment when San Jacinto strikes a reef off Great Abaco Island, Bahamas, January 1

1867: Retires from active service

1870: Dies Brooklyn, New York, April

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Notes on navigation and mercator sailing
1836-1837
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence about Amistad: watch bill, orders, officers aboard  Washington, prize settlement
1839 August - 1841 September
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Letters from Charles H. Smith, Perth Amboy, about Zabriskie
1842 October 19 - December 4
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Log abstracts: Massachusetts,  Decatur; log extract  Dale; correspondence
1842, 1851, 1854-1855
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence received; Vincennes log book; Charles Gray affidavit
1843-1857
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence received
1847-1867, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Edith: Inventory, inventory of public property, correspondence from chief engineer Parran to Commodore Thomas Catesby Jones
1848-1849
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Congressional Record: Act to promote Navy efficiency; Bill to indemnify Amistad master and owners; report on Boutwell memorial
1852, 1858, 1859, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Massachusetts: log, correspondence
1854-1855
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Naval orders, circulars, publication on reorganization; form to document cruises
1856, 1858, 1864, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Atrato River survey: correspondence to Isaac Toncey, and between Alexander von Humboldt and F.M. Kelly
1858
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Muster roll of the band [ North Carolina?]
1862
Box: 1 Folder : 13 North Carolina: log book, extracts, general orders
1862-1863
Box: 1 Folder : 14 List of deserters
1863
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Correspondence sent and received
1862-1864
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Prisoners report, San Jacinto
1862-1865
Box: 1 Folder : 17 North Carolina: steam warming and ventilating apparatus
18XX
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Extracts, log of San Jacinto
1864 December
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Internal regulations, San Jacinto
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Letter book copies, correspondence San Jacinto
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 21 "Monthly quarterly returns as required by the Admiral," desertion reports, crew lists San Jacinto
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Ordnance supplies, books aboard San Jacinto
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Prize list, San Jacinto
[1864]
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Reports, correspondence from San Jacinto
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Money expended on provisions, names of men blacklisted
1865
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Stores, supplies from wreck of San Jacinto
1865 January
Box: 2 Folder : 1 "Statement of administrator of late Captain R.W. Meade, USN"
1871
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Clipping: "Namesake of schooner slaves took over joining Operation Sail," New York Times
1976 May 12
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Ship plan, unidentified
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Translation from Spanish: "Nihilism"
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Explanation of translated documents' value
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Correspondence petitioning for compensation; Spanish translations of Declaration of Independence and other documents
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Spanish translation, Articles of Confederation
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Spanish translations, Declaration of Independence
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Spanish translation, U.S. Constitution
Undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 15 Officers aboard Washington and prize money apportioned for capture of  Amistad
[1840] April 23
Box: OS 1 Folder : 16 Copy, log book San Jacinto
1864 January 31, 1865 January 2
Box: OS 3 Folder : 4 Crew list, San Jacinto
1864
Volume: 1 Letter book
1839 February 20 -1840 July 18
Volume: 2 Pamphlets, letters, reprints about Lt. John T. McLaughlin
1843-1845
Volume: 3 List of Officers and Men, Pay Tables: USS San Jacinto
1864
Volume: 4 Watches, crews, and messes: USS San Jacinto
1864
Volume: 5 Letter book
1864 January 3 - April 30
Volume: 6 Internal regulations, list of deserters, USS San Jacinto; copies of 36 letters
1864-1865

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Series 31. Richard Worsam Meade, 3rd (1853-1897, 1934)

Scope and Content

The collection is comprised of Admiral Meade's journals kept as a midshipman, including notes and sketches; teaching-related documents from his stint at the US Naval Academy; official correspondence received; letter books and orders from his service aboard various vessels (bound in 1939 by the Naval History Society); clippings and printed materials, including those documenting efforts to erect a commemorative statue to John Paul Jones in Washington, DC; drafts and final versions of his writings on John Paul Jones; other materials related to his administrative duties at the New York and Washington Navy Yards; eight volumes of diaries bound by the Naval History Society; and clippings and ephemera postdating his death that were probably collected by his wife.

The correspondence includes that related to his 1870 negotiation of trading treaties with Tutuila-Samoa, and details of the 1883 outfitting of USS Pinta in preparation for its duty off Alaska. The 1891 copy of "Northwestern Architect" includes a description of the Navy Department's exhibition planned for the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago on page 63. The letterpress copies of 1894-1895 had been disbound from a letterpress book. The John Paul Jones material includes Admiral Meade's lecture presentation to the United Service Club in 1896 and information on his daughter Annie Paulding Meade's presentation on the subject in 1899. The scrapbook materials were found with miscellaneous papers of the Naval History Society and removed to this series.

Many of the materials bear a sticker with the Naval History Society's seal that reads "From the Library of Richard Worsam Meade 4th (1870-1833), son of Richard Worsam Meade (3rd), Rear Admiral U.S.N., presented by Mrs. Richard Worsam Meade (4th), May 3, 1934". Subsequent contributions to the collection are documented through 1937.

Portions of this collection relating to the Civil War have been digitized and are available to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Related Materials at The New-York Historical Society

The Naval History Society's Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection (see Series 52) contains additional correspondence between Admiral Meade and John Sanford Barnes about John Paul Jones.

The "Scrapbook of R.W. Meade, Rear Admiral", 1892-1898, was bound by the Naval History Society in 1939 and included in its library collection (XN E182.M52 oversize).

Biographical Note

1837: Born New York City October 8, son of Clara Meigs and Richard Worsam Meade 2nd (see Series 30)

1853: Serves aboard St. Louis in Mediterranean

1856: Graduates US Naval Academy

1858: Commissioned lieutenant and assigned duty as ordnance instructor in receiving ship USS Ohio at Boston

1862: Promoted to lieutenant commander 1862, in command of USS Louisville on Mississippi River

1863: Commands a naval battalion during the July draft riots in New York City

1865: Marries Rebecca Paulding (daughter of Admiral James Paulding, Secretary of the Navy 1838-1841)

1865-1868: Head of Steamship Department, US Naval Academy

1868: Commissioned commander; prepares Naval Academy's "Manual of the Boat Exercises"

1870: Father Richard Worsam Meade 2nd dies; son Richard Worsam Meade 4th born

1871-1873: Commands USS Narragansett on its cruise through the southwest Pacific islands to Australia; commended for skill in negotiating commercial treaty with Samoan Islands

1883-1887: Commandant, New York Navy Yard

1887-1890: Commandant, Washington Navy Yard

1892: Promoted to commodore

1893: Naval representative, World Columbian Exposition, Chicago

1894: Promoted to rear admiral in command of North Atlantic Squadron

1895: Disagreement with the Navy Department leads to censure of Meade's conduct by President Grover Cleveland, and Meade's premature retirement

1897: Dies Washington DC, May 4; buried Arlington National Cemetery.

Arrangement

The series is arranged chronologically, except for bound diaries: these are housed together in chronological order and listed separately after the other bound materials. Some of the original folders were organized by date and/or subject; those titles have been retained and the materials ordered chronologically.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 "Extracts from letters from a young naval officer afloat on a foreign station"
1860 December 3-13
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Printed material: Navy Department
1863, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 3 List of officers aboard U.S.S. Chocura
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Receipts for sale of 19 cotton bales from U.S.S. Chocura
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Prize lists from U.S.S. Chocura for British schooners  Louisa,  Cora Smyser; Confederate schooner  Lowood
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Printed materials: Sailors fair, clipping, Antigua pilotage laws
1864, 1879, 1881
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Objectives of proposed United Naval Service Association; constitution and bylaws
1867
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence received; copies and drafts sent
1868-1895
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence received
1870 May 3 - June 28
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Questions on seamanship, navigation, and gunnery: U.S. Naval Academy
1870
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Examination marks and comments, class of 1869, U.S. Naval Academy
1870
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Correspondence received: Samoa treaties
1871 September 4 - 1872 March 11
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Commercial treaty, Tutuila-Samoa, and supporting documents
1872 March 2
Box: 1 Folder : 14 "Natural characteristics" of Tutuila [Samoa]
1872 March
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Log, U.S. Steam Sloop Narragansett
1872
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Reports from U.S.S. Narragansett, letter from John G. Foster
1873 May - August
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Memoranda and orders, Washington Navy Yard
1877, 1889
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Writings on governance of Navy
1877, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Reports on target practice
1879, 1880, 1882
Box: 1 Folder : 20 "Two copper hoods for introducing a draught in the after ventilators of the U.S.S. Sloop Vandalia"
probably 1879-1881
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Correspondence, reports received from U.S.S. Vandalia
1880 July - 1881 April 6
Box: 1 Folder : 22 "Navigator's reports on local deviations of compasses on board U.S.S. Vandalia": Huntington Bay, L.I., and Hampton Roads, VA
1880
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Organization of command of staff, report of turning trials
1880, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 24 "From Admiral Meade's scrap book, given by Mrs. Meade, Jan. 1939"
1881-1898
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Correspondence and papers as President, Board of Inspection and Survey, especially about U.S.S. Pinta
1883 May - June
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Correspondence and papers as President, Board of Inspection and Survey, especially about U.S.S. Pinta
1883 August - December
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Correspondence and Navy circular received while Commandant, New York Navy Yard
1883 September 5 - December 24
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Claims for mileage expenses
1883-1884
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Printed material: Congress and government
1883, 1884, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Draft form for examination of candidates for promotion; submitted to Judge Advocate General
1885 November
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Memorandum book and reports from U.S.S. Dolphin
1885-1886
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Clippings, printed verdict: McCalla court martial and departure from Brooklyn Navy Yard
1890
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Clippings and correspondence about John Paul Jones
1891 October 6 - 1896 October 10, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Senate bill S. 2937: For erection of John Paul Jones commemorative statue, Washington, D.C.
1892 April 19
Box: 2 Folder : 9 House bill H.R. 8476: For erection of John Paul Jones commemorative statue, Washington, D.C.; correspondence
1892 April 30, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Writings on John Paul Jones centenary
probably 1892
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Clippings: Navy exhibit at World Columbian Exposition, Chicago
1893
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Letterpress copies sent on board flag ship New York
1894 Sept 7 - 1895 May 8
Box: 2 Folder : 13 "Some Suggestions of Professional Experience in Connection with the Naval Construction of the last 10 years, 1884-1894" - typescript
1894
Box: 2 Folder : 14 "Commodore John Paul Jones - Sponsor of the stars and stripes on the ocean" - edited typescript
1894
Box: 2 Folder : 15 "Tactical considerations involved in warship design": read at Third General Meeting, Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers
1895 November
Box: 2 Folder : 16 "Commodore John Paul Jones - Sponsor of the stars and stripes on the ocean" - carbon copy
1895
Box: 2 Folder : 17 "Commodore John Paul Jones - Sponsor of the stars and stripes on the ocean" - edited typescript
probably 1895
Box: 2 Folder : 18 "Essay on naval education" - unfinished
probably 1895
Box: 2 Folder : 19 "Captain John Paul Jones, U.S.N." Class Tree address, U.S. Naval Training Station; "American Naval Heroes: John Paul Jones", Peterson Magazine
1896
Box: 2 Folder : 20 "Official record of Richard Worsam Meade, late rear admiral, U.S. Navy"
probably 1897
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Documentation and Naval History Society bookplates for Meade Library donation by Mrs. Richard Worsam Meade, 4th, May 3, 1934
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 22 "Rear admiral R.W. Meade's view on the McCalla system of tactics"
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 23 "General principles in naval tactics"
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 24 U.S. Court of Claims: Wm. H. Emory vs. the United States
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Extract from letter on Kozta affair - photostat
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Bound diaries
1873-1876
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Bound diaries
1877-1880
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Bound diary
1881
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Bound diaries
1881-1883, 1894
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Bound diaries
1895, 1896
Box: OS 1 Folder : 17 Abstract of U.S.S Narragansett cruise with map
1870-1873
Box: OS 1 Folder : 18 Reports of exercises on board U.S.S. Narragansett
1871 March - 1872 December 31
Box: OS 1 Folder : 19 Correspondence, expenses, deserters: U.S.S. Narrangansett
1872 March 9 - 1873 April 4
Box: OS 1 Folder : 20 "The Northwestern Architect and Building Budget"
1891 June
Box: OS 1 Folder : 21 Leather folder marked "Richard Worsam Meade Life Insurance"
undated
Volume: 1 Journals kept as Midshipman: Mediterranean cruise aboard USS St. Louisand Caribbean cruise aboard frigate  Columbia
1853 May 3 - 1855 March 30
Volume: 2 Letter book
1862 September 27 - 1865 January 20
Volume: 3 "Manual for the Exercise of the Boats at the U.S. Naval Academy"; "Practical Ship Building"
probably 1868
Volume: 4 Letter book: USS Saginaw
1868 November 21 - 1869 March 14
Volume: 5 Night order books [3]: USS Vandalia
1879 - 1882
Volume: 6 General and fire quarters: USS Vandalia
1879 April 3 - 1882 January 2
Volume: 7 Letters and Orders 1
1879 January - June
Volume: 8 Letters and Orders 2
1879 July - November
Volume: 9 Letters and Orders 3
1879 December - 1880 March
Volume: 10 Letters and Orders 4
1880 April - July
Volume: 11 Letters and Orders 5
1880 August - November
Volume: 12 Letters and Orders 6
1880 December - 1881 April
Volume: 13 Letters and Orders 7
1881 May - July
Volume: 14 Letters and Orders 8
1881 August - November
Volume: 15 Remark Book and Journal, USS Vandalia
1881 June 11 - 1882 January 12
Volume: 16 Telegrams and letters, Virginia and Washington; Report on the Steamer Dolphin
1885 December 20 - 1886 March
Volume: 17 Manuscript of "Plane Sailing"
Undated

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Series 32. Ensign D.W. Mullan (1861, 1864-1865)

Scope and Content

The series consists of one volume: journal entries form the bulk of its contents. The first nine pages were originally held together separately with metal fasteners and contain navigational calculations dated 1861. On many of the journal entry pages, the ink has soaked through to the reverse side, making the writing illegible in places. Inserted in the volume was an undated typed transcript of the entries from January 16, 1864, to April 3, 1865, titled "Mullan D.W., Ens., USN, Private Journal of: NY Hist Soc MSS Collection." The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Historical Note

Mobile Bay, a center of Confederate blockade-running during the Civil War, was protected on land by formidable fortifications and was heavily mined in the water (with so-called naval torpedoes). On August 5, 1864, Admiral David Farragut purportedly issued the order there "Damn the torpedoes! Full steam ahead!" USS Monongahela was among the 18 Union vessels under Farragut's command as part of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, which bombarded Confederate forts and then rammed CSS   Tennessee. Combined heavy gunfire from the other Union ships forced  Tennessee to surrender, ending the battle and closing the last major Gulf port to Confederate access.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Private Journal, USS Monongahela off Mobile blockade
1864-1865

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Series 33. Navigation Notebook (circa 1721)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of a single hand-lettered volume of mathematical algorithms for navigation and astronomical tables, including a chart with a rotating paper dial known as a volvelle for calculating "full sea" and one for calculating dominical letters (an aid to determining Sundays in any particular year, and especially the date of Easter) from 1705 to 1735. The latter is colored with a paint that has patinated to green. No author or date of production is evident for the volume as a whole. One entry dated 1721 mentions orientation using Philadelphia landmarks including Joseph Redman's wharf, Society Hill, and the Delaware River. The volume is written from both sets of covers, each bearing the bookplate of John Sanford Barnes. At one end is also a bookplate that reads "C.C. Elwes" and bears a heraldic emblem of five arrows encircled by a snake. On that end leaf are also written the names "Sam'l Howell" and "John Thom."

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Astronomical and navigational tables
circa 1721

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Series 34. Thomas Pattison (1839-1842)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of a manuscript of practical seamanship, including national flags, rigging details, colored drawings of signal flags and rigged vessels, and navigation tables probably produced while Pattison was a midshipman; and a two-volume journal kept aboard USS St. Louis. The journal records daily conditions and events at sea; the handwriting is difficult to read in many places.

Historical Note

After having served as flagship for the Navy's West Indies Squadron from 1832 to 1838 and spent the subsequent 11 months in dry dock, USS St. Louis sailed in June, 1839, to join the Pacific Squadron at Monterey, California. It stopped at San Francisco en route and was the first American man-of-war to carry the flag into that port. From then until returning to Norfolk in September, 1842,   St. Louis served along the coast of Peru.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Dimensions of USS St. Louis, practical seamanship, flags of nations and signal flags in color, drawings of ships of war in US Navy, maps, navigation tables
1841
Volume: 2 Journal of a Cruise of USS St. Louis, to Pacific and return, volumes 1 and 2
1839 May 25 - 1841 January 22; 1841 January 23 -1842 September 15

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Series 35. USS Pensacola (1885-1887)

Scope and Content

The series consists of the manuscript journal of Admiral Samuel R. Franklin aboard USS Pensacola (Captain George Dewey commanding), describing its recommissioning and voyage to Europe as flagship of the European Squadron. Included in the volume are clippings from the Baltimore  Sun newspaper about the voyage and a page from an Italian newspaper showing a map of maneuvers completed at Livorno on July 21, 1887, in the presence of the King.

The volume is available on microfilm.

Historical Note

Originally launched in 1859, USS Pensacola saw action in New Orleans during the Civil War as part of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron. Recommissioned in April, 1885,   Pensacola operated in European waters until returning to Norfolk in February, 1888, for repairs.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Journal of Commander in Chief
1885 April 4 - 1887 August 22

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Series 36. Oliver Hazard Perry (before 1843)

Scope and Content

The series consists of a bound manuscript of James Fenimore Cooper's biography of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, beginning at page 18. Along with John Sanford Barnes's Foreword (see Historical Note), it includes a portrait of Cooper and other added small incidental sketches with naval motifs.

The manuscript has been microfilmed.

Historical Note

Cooper's biography of Commodore Perry was first published in Graham's Magazine in June, 1843, and then as a separate chapter in Volume 2 of his "Lives of distinguished naval officers" in 1846. According to John Sanford Barnes's Foreword to this volume, he purchased the manuscript at a sale by Bang and Co. bookdealers and had it bound in 1908. The date of purchase is not specified.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Life of Commodore Perry by J. Fenimore Cooper
before 1843

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Series 37. Point Lookout sketches (1864)

Scope and Content

The series consists of an album of 48 color ink drawings by a Confederate prisoner of war at the Union prison camp at Point Lookout, Maryland, which was bound in 1880. Also included are a photograph of the camp's commanding officers (including General James Barnes; see Series 2) and the administration of the oath of allegiance to prisoners on June 30, 1865; printed orders to prison guards over Barnes's signature about the treatment of prisoners; a letter from a prisoner to President Lincoln asking to be released; and a map of the camp.

The drawings, which are numbered out of sequence in pencil, show details of prisoners' daily lives: playing cards, bartering with food vendors, and interacting with their African-American prison guards. Also included is a note by Barnes's son, John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3) indicating that the artist's name was not known. Another later note (after 1957) names the artist as Jacob Omenhausser, who was identified in the article "Omenhausser's Confederate Prisoners of War Sketch" by Harold R. Manakee in Maryland Historical Magazine (June, 1958, p. 177-179 and cover) and on the cover of that publication in June, 1959.

The volume has been digitized and is available online.

Historical Note

The camp for Confederate prisoners at Point Lookout (at the tip of the peninsula where the Potomac River joins Chesapeake Bay) operated from August, 1863, to June, 1865. With an intended capacity of 10,000, it housed as many as 20,000 detainees at one time; an estimated total of 50,000 military and civilian prisoners were held there. Prisoners were housed 16 to a tent in conditions of habitually short rations and an exposed physical setting that subjected them to extremes of temperature and weather.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Point Lookout sketches
1864

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Series 38. Rhode Island (1801-1855)

Scope and Content

The series consists of six manuscript booklets related to commercial ship registry and licensing in the Bristol-Warren, Rhode Island, customs district, providing details of vessels' rig or type (sloop, bark, etc.), date and place of construction, tonnage and measurements, and names of masters and owners. A register is issued for vessels to engage in foreign trade, enrolment is issued for coasting trade and fisheries (valid for any length of time), while a license is issued for 1 year on an enrolment and specifies whether coasting trade or fisheries is to be carried out.

The individual booklets are:

Certificates of Enrolment of vessels, Bristol, Rhode Island, John Russell, collector, 1801 - May-December

Abstract of licenses to vessels under 20 tons, District of Bristol and Warren, Rhode Island, 1818-1855

Abstract of permanent and temporary registers issued and surrendered in the District of Bristol and Warren, Rhode Island, 1820-1832, which turns over to Abstract of temporary registers issued and surrendered, 1820-1833

Abstract of protections granted to American Seamen, District of Bristol, Rhode Island, 1822-1827

Abstract of Endorsement of Changes of Masters' Names on Registers, Licenses, etc. District of Bristol, Rhode Island, 1822-1855

Abstract of permanent and temporary registers issued and surrendered in the district of Bristol and Warren, Rhode Island, 1832- 1845, which turns over to the same information beginning in 1843.

The 1801 and 1832-1845 booklets are available on microfilm.

Historical Note

The Rhode Island cities on Narragansett Bay, including Providence and Newport, have a long history of the building and outfitting of naval and commercial shipping. The District of Bristol was established in 1801 and included the towns of Bristol, Warren, and Barrington. Bristol was the sole point of entry for the district and the collector resided there. In 1822 the district's name was changed to the District of Bristol and Warren, which remained unchanged until 1913, when one district was established for the entire state and the Bristol-Warren designation was abolished.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : Six manuscript booklets related to commercial ship registry and licensing in Bristol and Warren, RI
1801-1855

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Series 39. G. B. Rodney (1779-1782)

Scope and Content

The series consists of four volumes of official outgoing letters and orders of Admiral George B. Rodney while commander-in-chief of British vessels in the West Indies during the American War of Independence and during his visit to New York City (October-November 1780). Volume 3 includes an index. Volume 1 was kept by Admiral Rodney aboard RMS Sandwich and RMS  Princess Royal, mostly while in the West Indies, but it also includes some New York orders. The volumes provide details of the administration and outfitting of ships at war, discipline, weather, and personalities.

Historical Note

The overwhelming majority of materials in the Naval History Society Collection pertain to American naval and maritime ships, personalities, and events. Because of Rodney's role as Admiral of British forces in the West Indies during the Revolution, however, his materials were of profound interest to the Society. These volumes were purchased with monies in the Naval History Society Fund, administered by the New-York Historical Society after it subsumed the Naval History Society in 1925, and added to the Naval History Society's collections.

Related Materials at The New-York Historical Society

The "Collections of the New York Historical Society for the year 1932-33. The John Watts DePeyster publication fund series. 65-66" is a two-volume printing of the Rodney letters, published as the 12th and 13th volume of the Society's publications. Volume I includes Letter-books, July 6, 1780-February 4, 1781, December 10, 1781-September 21, 1782; Volume II includes Order-book, July, 1781, November 27, 1781-September 21, 1782 and an index to both volumes. Its introduction provides details of the provenance of the originals and about related materials in the Admiralty's records that were used to inform their publication.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Orders
1779 December 5 - 1781 February 11
Volume: 2 Letters
1780 July 16 - 1781 February 4
Volume: 3 Orders
1781 Nov 27 - 1782 September 21
Volume: 4 Letters
1781 December 10 - 1782 September 21

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Series 40. Edward Hallam Saltonstall (1861-1862)

Scope and Content

The series consists of the diary of Edward Hallam Saltonstall, captain's clerk aboard the gunboat Ottawa in 1861 and 1862 under the command of Lt. Thomas Holdup Stephens. In the volume were placed a letter dated November 10, 1861 and signed "Affectionately, Edward"; his orders appointing him captain's clerk; a typed list of officers of  Ottawa, which appears in the diary; and the carbon copy of a typed transcript of entries from the diary. The diary provides accounts of the activities of  Ottawa and other ships, mostly in South Carolina and Florida, including landings, bombardments, and enemy activities.

The volume is available on microfilm. The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Historical Note

USS Ottawa was commissioned in October, 1861, under Captain Stephens' command. It patrolled the waters off the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida during the Civil War as part of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. During that time it assisted in operations against ships and land installations, including the capture of Forts Walker and Beauregard (Port Royal Sound, South Carolina) in November, 1861; the landing of troops at Warsaw Sound, Georgia, in January, 1862; and the capture of Fernandina, Florida, in March of that year.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Diary
1861-1862

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Series 41. US Frigate Savannah (1819-1820)

Scope and Content

The series consists of the record book of Nicholas Vincent, documenting the time spent by workmen who built the brig Benefactor for the Burrit and Cannon company at Norwalk, Connecticut, in 1810; and the dimensions of the US Frigate  Savannah, construction of which began in 1820. The first 14 pages appear to have been used as a scrapbook into which were pasted cartoons, newspaper clippings, and mock foreign currency. The additions have been torn away in some places, revealing handwritten entries underneath. There are also lists of spars used for construction of  Enterprize and  Spinks, and dimensions for sloop  Curazo.

Historical Note

Construction of frigate Savannah began in 1820, but it was not launched until May 1842. It served in the Pacific Squadron from 1844 to 1860, and then was deployed off the Georgia coast during the Civil War.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Record book
1819-1820

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Series 42. Sarah Smith Stafford (1877-1895)

Scope and Content

The series consists of one volume, privately printed by Press of E.B. Stillings & Co., Boston, documenting the history of the flag that purportedly flew over John Paul Jones's (see Series 28) ship Bon Homme Richard. Bound into it are letters dated 1877 from the flag's owner Sarah Smith Stafford to John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3), detailing its history and her family's connection to the flag, a newspaper clipping from the Chicago   Tribune, and a photograph of the flag. The clipping is from the papers of Richard Worsam Meade 3rd (see Series 31) in the library of his son, Richard Worsam Meade 4th, and was presented to the Naval History Society by his widow on May 3, 1934.

Historical Note

Part of the romance and power of John Paul Jones's role in revolutionary history is the probably apocryphal story of his having flown the first American flag over his vessel Bon Homme Richard. From that ship, according to often-repeated stories, the flag fell into the ocean, was rescued by young Lt. James Stafford, and given to him by Jones in thanks for his bravery. His daughter, Sarah Smith Stafford became the flag's owner and then willed it to her brother Samuel Bayard Stafford. It was eventually donated to the Smithsonian Institution, which exhibited it until the 1930s when it was determined not to be authentic and removed from view.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 History of the Flag of the Frigate The Bon Homme Richard, owned by the late Miss Sarah Smith Stafford and willed by her to her brother Samuel Bayard Stafford
1895

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Series 43. US Mail Steam Ship Company (1848-1868)

Scope and Content

The series consists of letter books (both transcribed and letterpress copies) of Marshall O. Roberts, New York agent for the US Mail Steam Ship Company; logs of ships on voyages between New York and Panama via New Orleans and Havana, and from Panama to California; a checkbook; a provision list; and both blank and completed tickets and contracts for passage aboard various ships on US Mail Steam Ship Company and other companies' vessels on these routes.

Robert's 1848-1849 and 1848-1850 letter books (Volumes 1 and 2) are indexed by recipients. Some of the logbooks document various commanding officers and multiple journeys back and forth along the same maritime routes between New York and San Francisco. They include details of weather, winds, other vessels passed, and crew actions, but do not otherwise document shipboard life. The provisions list is a preprinted listing of possible foodstuffs and other supplies needed for voyages, with blanks to be filled in with the name of vessel, estimate of passengers and number of days of travel, and the amount of each supply. The checkbook consists predominantly of blank checks; a few have been drawn. The foldered receipts and tickets appear to have been removed from ledger volumes of the same type as the SS Antelope tickets in Volume 9.

Historical Note

Complete transcontinental railroad travel became possible in 1869 and direct shipping from the Atlantic to the Pacific in 1914 with the completion of the Panama Canal. Before then, travel between New York and the West coast required sailing to the Atlantic coast of Panama (usually with stops en route in New Orleans, Havana, and sometimes Jamaica), transit across the isthmus, followed by the Pacific journey to San Francisco. The Atlantic harbor in Panama was Chagras until 1855, when it was moved to Aspinwall (founded in 1850 and named for railway builder William Aspinwall; renamed Colon in 1890).

Marshall O. Roberts in 1847 had purchased the contract to provide mail steamships to the US government. He would realize enormous profits from the shipping demands of the California Gold Rush and the Civil War. The US Mail Steam Ship Company operated on the Atlantic coast of the United States, and William H. Aspinwall's Pacific Mail Steamship Company on the Pacific. Transit across the isthmus was by mule, wagon, or foot until 1851 when the Vanderbilt Line opened a route through Nicaragua. In 1855 the isthmus railroad connection was inaugurated.

Arrangement

The materials are arranged chronologically by material type except for the three logbooks of Georgia, which are grouped together for continuity.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Receipts for transportation contracts, North American Steamship Company, Arago
1867 December 18 - 1868 January 2
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Tickets: Opposition Line of steamers to California (completed): Arago
1868 January 4
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Transit tickets: Central American Transit Company, San Juan del Norte to San Juan del Sur
1860s
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Tickets: North American Steamship Company, Central American Transit Company, New York to San Francisco, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class cabins
1860s
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Contracts: M.O. Roberts line to New York and the East
1860s
Box: OS 1 Folder : 22 Tickets and receipts: Granada
1850s
Box: OS 3 Folder : 5 Tickets and receipts: Columbus
1850s
Box: OS 3 Folder : 6 Tickets and receipts: Georgia
1850s
Box: OS 3 Folder : 7 Tickets and receipts: Isthmus
1850s
Box: OS 3 Folder : 8 Tickets and receipts: Ohio
1850s
Box: OS 3 Folder : 9 Tickets and receipts: Moses Taylor
1850s
Box: OS 3 Folder : 10 Tickets and receipts: Republic
1850s
Box: OS 3 Folder : 11 Tickets and receipts: People's Line to California via Nicaragua
1860s
Volume: 1 Letter book of Marshall O. Roberts, New York agent
1848 November 30 -1849 October 16
Volume: 2 Letter book of Marshall O Roberts, to New Orleans agents
1848 November 30 - 1850 July 27
Volume: 3 Letter book of Marshall O. Roberts
1848 December 11 - 1850 August 3
Volume: 4 Letter book of Marshall O. Roberts, New York agent, principally to James R. Jennings at New Orleans
1850 August 6 - 1853 September 27
Volume: 5 Logbook I US Mail Steamer Georgia, Lt. D.D. Porter, USN, commanding
1850 January 29 - July 8
Volume: 6 Logbook II US Mail Steamer Georgia, Lt. D.D. Porter, USN, commanding
1850 July 14 - 1851 January 11
Volume: 7 Logbook III US Mail Steamer Georgia, Lt. D.D. Porter, USN, commanding
1851 Jun 11 - July 31
Volume: 8 Logbook Empire City, J.D. Wilson commanding, from New York to Chagres via Jamaica
1850 April - December
Volume: 9 Blank tickets and completed receipts for passage from the Isthmus of Panama to San Francisco in the S. S. Antelope of the U.S. Mail Steamship Company
1850 July 27-Aug 26
Volume: 10 Blank checks and stubs, US Mail Steam Ship Company
1851 March 13 - 1853 June 15
Volume: 11 Logbook Empire City, John Leeds commander, from New York to Havana
1852 January 9 - August 24
Volume: 12 Logbook, USM Steamship Ohio from New York to Aspinwall
1853 January 20 - 1854 March 29
Volume: 13 Provision Lists of Vessels of the US Mail SS Co.
1854-1855
Volume: 14 Logbook Philadelphia, J.F. Schenk USN commanding, voyage 23
1855 January 2 - January 18
Volume: 15 Logbook Illinois, H.J. Hartstein commanding
1855 February 20 - 1856 November 28
Volume: 16 Logbook Moses Taylor
1858 January 5- 1859 May 26
Volume: 17 Logbook USS St. Louis
1858 October 7 - 1859 April 28
Volume: 18 Logbook Granada
1859 May 8 - 1860 October 14
Volume: 19 Receipt book for passage from New York on the US Mail Steamship Georgia
1850s

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Series 44. US Navy: Officers' autograph letters signed (undated [before 1910])

Scope and Content

The series consists of a one-volume hand-written index of all the autograph letters signed (ALS) owned by John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3), with details about many of them and his additional annotations in red. Some of the letters are included in his extra-illustrated edition of James Fenimore Cooper's "History of the Navy of the United States" (see Series 11), some in the Miscellaneous Manuscripts of the Naval History Society Collection (see Series 52), and others in various extra-illustrated volumes from the Naval History Society's library now cataloged in the XN classification at New-York Historical Society.

An undated note in Barnes' hand on the inside cover reads: "The numbers to this record refer to the files in Wooden case. More marked B are bound in Naval History, or in many extra-illustrated books. Many of the last named are not recorded and the "List" is imperfect. The ALS of officers of the Civil War are mainly to be found in the bound volume containing their own account of their services furnished Hamersly for his list of officers - [see Series 25] which I have not had time to detach and file. The list is very incomplete and the quotations from the letters are random paragraphs. It has been my purpose to make a better list, more systematically arranged with more frequent and fuller quotations - but I have had to abandon the project." Barnes's unfulfilled objective appears to have been a complete and annotated catalog of the letters.

Related Material at the New-York Historical Society

Barnes detailed his collecting interests and activities in a lecture he delivered at the Naval War College in 1902, which was published as "Naval Literature" by Captain John S. Barnes in Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, volume XXIX, no. 2, whole no. 106, p. 32 (XN E182 .B26).

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 List of officers' autograph letters signed
Undated; before 1910

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Series 45. US Navy: Civil War ships (1863)

Scope and Content

The series consists of an alphabet tabbed notebook containing descriptions of ships, including their class, size, and guns handwritten in various unidentified hands. The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Civil War list of ships
1863

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Series 46. William K. Wheeler (1860-1975)

Scope and Content

The series consists of the logbook of Flag Lt. Commander William Knox Wheeler aboard USS Colorado during an expedition to Korea from May 19 to June 25, 1871; contemporary newspaper clippings about the expedition; a one-page document in Chinese; and later materials related to use of the logbook as a primary historical source, including articles based on it.

The logbook turns over to a scrapbook kept by Wheeler's mother, Mrs. T.H. Wheeler of Delhi, New York, of clippings documenting Lt. Wheeler's correspondence from USS Plymouth published in his hometown newspaper (1860); the rescue of survivors from USS  Iroquois (1864); Wheeler's assignment to torpedo duty and subsequent court-martial for refusal to perform manual labor (1873); his death from Bright's disease while at sea aboard steamer   Alaska; his burial in Libreville, Africa, and his subsequent disinterment, transportation to the United States, and reburial in Delhi (1876).

The 20th century materials include articles written about the 1871 expedition and information on acquisition of the logbook. There is 1975 correspondence between Robert L. Robinson, associate professor of history at University of Texas at Houston, and New-York Historical Society librarian James Gregory regarding Robinson's article (which is also included) "Gunboat Diplomacy, 1871: An American Officer in Korea," submitted for publication in Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute. An undated photocopy of pages from "Americans in eastern Asia: A critical study of the United States' policy in the Far East in the 19th century," published in 1922 by Tyler Dennett was clipped to William M. Leary's article, "Our Other War in Korea," published in the  Proceedings in 1968. There is also 1975 information from Roger Butterfield, Inc. Antiquarian Booksellers, offering the original diary for sale. Gregory's letter to Robinson indicates that the logbook had been recently acquired at the time of his writing.

Historical Note

USS Colorado, as flagship for Rear Admiral J. Rodgers' squadron, carried the US Minister to China on a diplomatic mission to Korea in April, 1871, attempting to open Korea to contact as Perry had earlier done in Japan (cf. Series 29). Attacks from shore batteries on two ships of the squadron as it made soundings in the Han River led American forces to begin a punitive expedition. It destroyed the forts and inflicted heavy casualties on the Koreans, with minimal loss of American lives.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Clippings: Harper's Weekly
1871 September 9
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Photocopy: "Americans in Eastern Asia," by Tyler Dennett, pp. 452-453
1922
Box: 1 Folder : 3 "Our Other War in Korea," by William M. Leary, Jr., U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 94, no. 6: 46-53
1968 June
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Description of Wheeler logbook for sale, from Roger Butterfield, Inc., antiquarian bookseller
1975 January 24
Box: 1 Folder : 5 "Gunboat diplomacy, 1871: An American officer in Korea," by Robert L. Robinson
1975 September 24
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Document in Chinese
Undated
Volume: 1 Log book of the Corea expedition
1860-1871

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Series 47. John Ancrum Winslow (1842-1875)

Scope and Content

The series consists of Winslow's letters to his wife Katherine A. Winslow before and after Kearsarge's defeat of CSS  Alabama under his command, an early letter from Raphael Semmes and the challenge sent by him as commander of  Alabama, copies of orders received, letters received by Winslow from various dignitaries after the victory and some sent to Mrs. Winslow after her husband's death, and a 20th century newspaper clipping describing the discovery of  Alabama's wreck.

Some letters to Mrs. Winslow have been redacted in another hand and/or have had portions excised; some appear to have been previously mounted or stored in an album. A few of the earlier letters to her are fragments and have penciled on them the date "April 25, 1962". One letter (December 13, 1861) is from the Winslows' son Chilton relating his father's injuries and includes a penciled note from his father.

These materials formed the basis for John M. Ellicott's "The life of John Ancrum Winslow, Rear-Admiral, United States Navy, who commanded the U.S. Steamer "Kearsarge" in her action with the Confederate Cruiser "Alabama"," published in 1902 by G.P. Putnam's Sons. Portions of this collection relating to the Civil War have been digitized and are available to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Biographical Note

John Ancrum Winslow (1811-1873) was appointed midshipman in 1827, served in the Mexican War, and was commissioned commander in 1855. During the Civil War, he first served on the upper Mississippi River. Promoted to captain in 1862, he commanded Kearsarge (1863-1864) in pursuit of Confederate cruisers in Europe. On June 19, 1864, in a celebrated naval engagement,  Kearsarge sank the Confederate raider  Alabama off Cherbourg, France, where it sank. For his victory Winslow was promoted to commodore and received the thanks of Congress. He later commanded the Gulf Squadron (1866-67), was made rear admiral (1870), and commanded the Pacific Squadron (1870-72).

Arrangement

Various letters were previously individually housed and described, with date, sender, and abstracts of or quotations from their contents. Those are individually housed and described here; the previous wrappers and descriptions from the collection are grouped together at the end of the series.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters to Mrs. Winslow
1842 July 2 - August 24
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letters from Raphael Semmes, then in US Navy Lighthouse Board
1860 November 15, 1861 January 25
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Letters to Mrs. Winslow
1861 September 15 - December 13
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Copies of orders received
1862 January 10, January 21, September 27
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Letters to Mrs. Winslow
1862 May 9 - September 29
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Letters to Mrs. Winslow
1862 October 9 - 1863 June 19
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Letters to Mrs. Winslow
1863 July 1 - December 20
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Letters to Mrs. Winslow
1864 January 1 - August 23
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Captain Semmes' challenge to Captain Winslow
1864 June 14
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Telegram to Vice Consul of U.S., Cherbourg: "Glorious thanks be to god and Winslow" [signed] Putnam
1864 June 18
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Letter from U.S. Consul General , Paris, Hon. Wm. Drayton
1864 June 19
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Letter from Rev. L. Dussaud: "written the day of the battle; minister at Cherbourg offering his services to Admiral Winslow, as chaplain for the sick and wounded"
1864 June 19
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Letter from Hon. J.W. Morse, U.S. Consulate, London
1864 June 20
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Letter from Charles Francis Adams, U.S. Minister London: "Fine letter of congratulations"
1864 June 21
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Letter from George H. Preble (commander, U.S. Sloop of War " St. Louis"), Cadiz, Spain, on "successful destruction of that pest of our commerce the "  Alabama""
1864 June 21
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Letter from Hon. M.L. Dayton, Jr., U.S. Legation, Paris
1864 June 23
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Letter from Hon. Thomas H. Dudley, Consul General, Liverpool
1864 June 24
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Letters to Mrs. Winslow
1865 June 9 - 1868 February 15
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Power of attorney to Catherine A. Winslow
1865 December 21
Box: 1 Folder : 20 From Admiral Thornton: "His farewell letter to Winslow who died Sept. 29, 1873"
1873 August 5
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Letters from Mrs. Admiral Farragut to Mrs. Winslow, speaking of her husband's appreciation of Admiral Winslow's service to his country
1875 January 25, 26
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Clipping: "Civil War drama under way, 30 fathoms deep," New York Times
1988 June 28
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Typed transcript: June 20, 1864 letter to Mrs. Winslow after defeat of Alabama; excerpt from  Appleton's vol. VI, p. 569, biography of Winslow and description of the engagement
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Pencil memoranda by Chilton R. Winslow "(for his mother from bulletin board) that " Kearsarge" had sunk the "  Alabama" and description of that action"
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Wrapper "Private papers belonging to John A. Winslow 1863", "Autograph of Adm. W."
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Wrappers and descriptions for individual letters
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 27 Wrappers for groups of letters
Undated

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Series 48. Henry A. Wise (pre-1855-1868)

Scope and Content

The series consists of private and unofficial correspondence received by Henry Augustus Wise during his tenure as head of the Navy's Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography, manuscripts of books he wrote under the pseudonym Harry Gringo, and correspondence related to the publication of his "Captain Brand" by Harper's Weekly. The letters provide details of the ordering, manufacturing and testing of ordnance, as well as everyday personal introductions and invitations. His correspondents include Percival Drayton, commander of the ironclad  Passaic and Superintendent of Ordnance at the New York Navy Yard; R. Aulick, Assistant Chief, Bureau of Ordnance; Commander R.B. Hitchcock; Assistant Secretary of the Navy Gustavus Vasa Fox (see Series 17);  Monitor designer John Ericsson (see Series 16); Admiral David Porter, whose 1862 correspondence includes humorous sketches of anthropomorphic armaments; public official Hamilton Fish; and Theodore P. Greene (see Series 24).

Comments penciled on letters in letter book 10 imply that their publication was planned: "Drayton letters, almost without exception, are well worth printing"; and "Those relating to Navy agents and [. . .] (for example) are very pertinent. They should appear". There is no indication within the series that they were published.

Biographical Note

Henry Augustus Wise (1819-1869) entered the Navy as a midshipman in 1834. During the Mexican War (1846-1848) he saw action in the Gulf of California, and then became an expert on gunnery. When the Civil War began, Wise had to decide between staying in the US Navy and serving his home state of Virginia for the Confederacy. He retained his commission, and among his first duties was the burning of Gosport Navy Yard (Norfolk, VA). After a few months on blockade duty he was assigned to the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography, the agency responsible for the Navy's armaments and the shore stations where they were produced and tested. He became acting chief in 1863 and was appointed chief in 1864, which position he held until illness necessitated his resignation in 1868. He died in Naples, Italy, the next year.

Arrangement

The letters were previously disbound from letter books and numbered for indexing in approximate chronological order. However, there are often numbers missing within a documented range. The folders are arranged in letter book order and the letters within them in order as numbered, which is not always strictly chronological.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Manuscript: "Tales for the Marines"
Before 1855
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letters from Robert Bonner and John Bonner, Harper's Weekly, New York
1869 August 20 - 1860 June 20
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Copies of letters to Mr. Bonner
1860 January 13, January 27
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Manuscript: "Captain Brand of the Schooner 'Centipede'"
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Wrapper: "Tales for the Marines"
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Naval History Society descriptions of Wise manuscripts materials
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Letter book 1: Index, 2-52
1862 March 31 - August 8
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Letter book 1: 53-100
1862 August 10 - December 29
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Letter book 2: 47-100
1862 May 13 - December 30
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Letter book 2: 101-150
1862 February 5 - May 28
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Letter book 2: 151-202
1862 May 4 - December 15
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Letter book 2: 203-261
1862 June 2 - September 2
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Letter book 3: Index, 1-50
1863 March 3 - April 14
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Letter book 3: 51-100
1863 February 20 - July 13
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Letter book 3: 102-160
1863 February 4 - May 7
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Letter book 3: 161-234
1863 May 2 - June 30
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Letter book 4: Index, 1-51
1863 July 2 - September 7
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Letter book 4: 52-102
1863 September 10 - September 29
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Letter book 4: 103-161
1863 September 29 - October 31
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Letter book 5: Index, 6½ - 54
1863 August 7 - December 21
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Letter book 5: 55-110
1863 November 2 - December 29
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Letter book 6: Index, 3-48
1864 January 1 - January 25
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Letter book 6: 51-100
1864 January 26 - February 19
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Letter book 6: 101-176
1864 February 20 - March 31
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Letter book 7: Index, 1-53
1864 April 1 - May 9
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Letter book 7: 53-101
1864 May 10 - July 18
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Letter book 7: 102-148
1864 July 18 - September 17
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Letter book 8: Index, 3-51
1864 August 1 - September 3
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Letter book 8: 52-89
1864 September 5 - September 29
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Letter book 9: Index, 1-50
1864 October 3 - November 9
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Letter book 9: 51-107
1864 November 10 - December 31
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Letter book 10: 4-69
1865 January 1 - February 17
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Letter book 10: 71- 129½
1865 February 18 - April 3
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Letter book 11: Index, 1-51
1865 March 23 - September 15
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Letter book 11: 52-101
1865 October 5 - December 11
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Letter book 11: 102-126
1865 December 11 - December 30
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Letter book 12: Index, 1-35
1866 January 1 - 24
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Letter book 12: 36-87
1866 January 25 - March 9
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Letter book 12: 88-125
1866 March 9 - April 25
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Letter book 12: 127 - 175
1866 April 11 - June 24
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Letter book 13: Index, 1-36
1866 May 30 - August 28
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Letter book 13: 37-103
1866 September 1 - 1867 January 27
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Letter book 13: 104-150
1867 January 30 - April 13
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Letter book 13: 151 - 186
1867 April 15 - May 31
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Letter book 14: Index, 1-32
1867 June 1 - July 30
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Letter book 14: 33-71
1867 July 1 - August 31
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Letter book 14: 72-119
1867 June 1 - November 27
Box: 4 Folder : 15 Letter book 14: 120-147
1867 November 26 - December 31
Box: 4 Folder : 16 Letter book 15: Index, 1-54
1865 June 19 - 1866 July 21
Box: 4 Folder : 17 Letter book 15: 55-97
1866 July 23 - 1868 February 25
Box: 4 Folder : 18 Letter book 15: 98-132
1867 October 8, 1868 January 1 - May 17

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Series 49. Logbooks: U.S. Navy (1799-1928, undated)

Scope and Content

The series consists of original and transcribed log books from US naval vessels, including those under the command of John Paul Jones (see Series 28) and Isaac Hull (see Series 27) (USS Constitution) and from lesser-known ships on routine cruises.

The Serapis logbook is notable for the variety of uses the volume was put to on the vessel under both British command and after its capture by Jones aboard  Bon Homme Richard. It includes lists of officers and men aboard  Ariel under the command of Jones, and deserters from  Bon Homme Richard; was kept on board  Serapis from September 26, 1779, to October 14, 1780; and aboard  Queen of France in August and September of 1782. It ends with material transcribed at an unspecified date from Jones's papers on deposit at the Library of Congress as of January 18, 1872.

The 1824 USS Ontario cruise was via the West Indies to the Mediterranean, where it joined Commodore William Bainbridge's (see Series 1) squadron and protected commercial shipping along the Barbary Coast from pirates. The volume includes drawings and writing at the end, probably by the child or children of Murray Mason, Fairfax County, Virginia. A midshipman at the time of this log, he may have been on  Ontario and returned home with the book.

USS Potomac departed New York in August, 1831, on its first overseas cruise to join the Pacific Station via the Cape of Good Hope. On February 6, 1832, it shelled Quallah Batoo, Sumatra, in retaliation for the February, 1831, capture of merchant vessel  Friendship and the murder of her crew. The logbook was kept by midshipman James L. Parker. In the volume are two newspaper clippings: "View of the Castle of San Juan d'Ulua with the burning of the Mexican brig Creole by Lieutenant James Lawrence Parker and passed midshipmen Hynson and Rodgers USN" (undated) and from "The Daily chronicle and General Advertiser" of August 7, 1847, a memoriam from Commodore Matthew C. Perry on Parker's July 12, 1847, death from disease brought on by wounds sustained in an attack on Tuspan, Mexico.

The Constelation [sic] and  Grampus logbooks are bound on continuous sheets that appear to have been removed from a previously sewn volume. The title page of each shows a hand-rendered drawing of the ship at full sail.

The 1844 Constitution logbook documents a cruise to the African coast off Madagascar. It includes hand-drawn maps of the area showing the ship's route and one with soundings documented; appendices on "Madagascar," "Hints on the Economy of a Man of War" (noting health and cleanliness issues on a long cruise to an unhealthy place), "The comparative merits of hemp and chain cables…valuable extract from a report transmitted by the Board of Admiralty by Captain W.F. Owen Royal Navy," "Chronological abstract of the cruise," "Barometrical observations in the Mozambique Channel during the months of October and November 1844," "Wooden Anchors," and "The Mozambique channel".

The Penguin logbook documents routine shipboard operations during travel between Key West, Charlotte Harbor, and Apalachicola, Florida, before ending at Baltimore, Maryland, as part of the ship's protection of Union naval forces during the Civil War.

Related Materials at The New-York Historical Society

The Serapis logbooks were edited by John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3, Series 28) and published as "The logs of the Serapis - Alliance - Ariel, under the command of John Paul Jones, 1779-1780; with extracts from public documents, unpublished letters and narratives," by the DeVinne Press, New York, as the Society's first volume of publications in 1911.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: OS 1 Folder : 23 U.S.S. Ontario
1837 October 19 - 1838 March 8
Box: OS 1 Folder : 24 Journal of a cruise on board of the USS ; U.S. Schooner  Grampus
1838 March 16 - October 20; 1839 August 26 - 1840 July 31
Volume: 1 Logs of Serapis,  Alliance,  Ariel, under the Command of John Paul Jones
1779-1780
Volume: 2 USS Ontario
1824 July 24 - 1825 July 23
Volume: 3 Journal of Pacific Cruise US Frigate Potomac
1831 August 23 - 1833 13 June, 1847
Volume: 4 Log of U.S. Frigate Constitution
1844 March 26 - October 31
Volume: 5 Steam log of U.S. Steamer Penguin
1862 July 22 - May 22 1863
Volume: 6 Log of the U.S. Frigate Constitution, 1798 July 20 - May 11 [photostat]
1928
Volume: 7 A log book for the ship Bon Homme Richard, the honorible [sic] John Paul Jones, Commander. Begun at L'Orient, Saturday 8th of May 1779 [transcript]
Undated
Volume: 8 A log book for the war ship Ranger, John Paul Jones, Commander. 1777 November 26 - ends 1778 May 18 [transcript]
Undated

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Series 50. Logbooks: British Navy (1758-1933; bulk, 1807-1837)

Scope and Content

The series consists of 13 volumes of original and transcribed logbooks from British naval vessels. Except for the Duke of Cumberland,  Defiance, and Patuxent River documents (Volumes 1, 2, 12), the logbooks appear to have been cut from previously sewn or bound volumes before being rehoused as unbound sheets in buckram boxes. Many are missing up to 1 inch of what would have been their left-hand margins and some include duplicate chronological sections.

Duke of Cumberland was a privately owned New York vessel licensed to the British navy (a so-called privateer) to capture and confiscate French merchant ships during the 7 Years' War (1756-1763). The log documents two West Indian cruises including the capture of  Dolphin,   Eagle, and  Grand Joseph in February, 1759.

The Patuxent River logs are transcripts from the records of HMS Tonnant, HMS  Loire, HMS  Jaseur, HMS  Severn, HMS  St. Lawrence, HMS  Royal Oak, HMS  Hebrus, and HMS  Dragon as they confronted American gunboats on the approach to Washington City between June and September of 1814.

The HMS Barfleur and HMS  London transcripts document involvement in the Battle of the Chesapeake, in which the former was the flagship of Samuel Hood and the latter of Hood's superior, Sir Thomas Graves. The battle was lost to the French under the command of Admiral de Grasse (see Series 18), which had a significant effect on the outcome of the American war.

The remaining logs document routine cruises, including HMS Poictiers in British waters and the West Indies;  Beagle while sailing for the Bay of Biscay to join the Duke of Wellington's forces against Napoleon; and  Cressy off the north coast of Europe, in English waters, and the West Indies.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Log Book Duke of Cumberland
1758 December 23 - 1760 July 17
Volume: 2 A journal of the proceedings of H.M. Ship Defiance, Henry Hotham esquire captain
1807 February -1809 February 10
Volume: 3 A log and proceedings of His Majesty's ship Poictiers
1808 March 9 - 1812 November 14
Volume: 4 Log books HMS Pomone
1808 July 1 - 1813 June 13
Volume: 5 Log books His Majesty's sloop Carolina
1808 July 7 - 1810 July 1
Volume: 6 Log of the proceedings on board His Majesty's ship Powerful on her passage from Bombay towards the Cape of Good Hope, from thence to St. Helena and thence to England, Chas. Jas. Johnston Esq. Capt kept by George Tippet Lt.
1808 September 14 - 1809 September 13
Volume: 7 Log books His Majesty's sloop Princess Carolina
1810 January 26 - 1813 June 13
Volume: 8 Log books His Majesty's sloop Beagle
1811 February 14 - 1813 November 6
Volume: 9 Log books His Majesty's ship Cressy
1811 October 6 - 1814 May 26
Volume: 10 Log books His Majesty's gun brig Leverett [copy]
1832 July 1 - 1833 December 31
Volume: 11 Log books His Majesty's ship Dee
1832 June 25 - 1837 April 6
Volume: 12 Captains' logs of principal British ships in Patuxent River operations during advance on Washington, 1814 June 6 - September 3 [transcript]
About 1933
Volume: 13 Log books of His Majesty's ships Barfleur and  London; extracts from 1781 August 29 - September 13 [transcript]
Undated

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Series 51. Logbooks: Commercial vessels (1799-1865, undated)

Scope and Content

The series consists of 20 volumes of logbooks from six sail or steam commercial vessels on routine cruises, and 15 cod-fishing vessels from York, Maine, on their annual journeys to the Bay of Fundy and St. Lawrence River fishing grounds.

America's 1799-1800 logbook was probably kept by Michael Hayes (nephew of John Barry, and relative of John Sanford Barnes's wife; see Series 3, Series 5) on a voyage from Philadelphia to China via Lisbon.

Mary also sailed the China route, from Philadelphia to Canton via Batavia under Christian Christianson, master, between May 14, 1832 and April 4, 1833.  Camilla, under James T. Watkins, master, made port in Rio de Janeiro, Cowes (Isle of Wight), and Antwerp before ending its cruise in Tarragona, Spain, from October 6, 1834 to March 1, 1835. The volume concludes with various non-voyage-related writings: "The Marriage Vow" on wifely fidelity, as well as detailed descriptions of female anatomy and various gynecological disorders. It turns over to an "Inventory of my Effects" dated Philadelphia, 1832, which lists debts incurred and monies due, as well as merchandise, stocks, and money held; a penciled draft of a letter to a loved one; and several poems.

SS Republic cruised from New York to San Francisco via Rio, and  America in 1863 from New York to Panama.

The Governor Clinton log was a gift of Caspar Goodrich's daughter, Mrs. C.T. Davis, on the same date with other materials now collected in Series 21. This typed, corrected transcript documents a voyage from Peru to New York on which Caspar Goodrich's grandfather James W. Goodrich sailed under Captain L.B. Griswold, who was accused of drunkenness and other misbehaviors.

The fishing ships' logbooks are preprinted volumes that include regulations for the registration of vessels and their catches, and are filled in by hand to document the voyages, conditions, and amount of fish caught.

Related Materials at New-York Historical Society

Series 21, Subseries IV. James Griswold journal transcripts, includes additional information about James Griswold, from the Goodrich donation.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Log book ship America
1799-1800
Volume: 2 Log book ship Mary; brig  Camilla
1832 May 14 - 1835 March 1
Volume: 3 SS Republic
1850 April 13 - 1852 February 7
Volume: 4 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Wonder of York
1853 May 30 - November 3
Volume: 5 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Wonder of York
1854 June 1 - November 25
Volume: 6 Journal of a voyage, fishing schooner Elizabeth of York
1856 April 30 - November 29
Volume: 7 Journal of a voyage, fishing schooner Rescue of York and Kittery
1856 May 16 - November 7
Volume: 8 Journal of a voyage, fishing schooner Josephine of York
1857 April 11 - November 2
Volume: 9 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Hannah of York
1857 April 28 - October 19
Volume: 10 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Golden Cloud of York
1857 June 1 - November 5
Volume: 11 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Julia Ann of York
1858 May 16 - November 1
Volume: 12 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Eagle of York
1858 June 2 - October 26
Volume: 13 Journal of a voyage, fishing schooner Josephine of York
1859 April 19 - November 30
Volume: 14 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Eagle of York
1859 May 5 - November 5
Volume: 15 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Golden Cloud of York
1859 May 10 - November 29
Volume: 16 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Victoria of York
1860 May 11 - October 25
Volume: 17 Journal of a voyage, fishing schooner Webster of York
1863 March 17 - July 26
Volume: 18 Steamship America
1863 November 1 - December 31
Volume: 19 Journal of a voyage, fishing boat Black Jacob of Gloucester
1865 June 14 - November 10
Volume: 20 "Journal of Remarkable Transactions & Occurances [sic] on Board of the Ship Governor Clinton Homeward Bound from Payta "coast of Peru" to New York in 1828", 1828 July 3 - October 6 [transcript]
Undated

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Series 52. Miscellaneous manuscripts

Scope and Content

The series consists of more than 1100 letters, clippings, reprints, and other documents amassed by John Sanford Barnes and others to, from, and about notable persons including many with named series in this collection (e.g., William Bainbridge [Series 1], John Barry [Series 5], French E. Chadwick [Series 8], Gustavus Conyngham [Series 10], Gustavus Vasa Fox [Series 17], Caspar F. Goodrich [Series 21], Isaac Hull [Series 27], John Paul Jones [Series 28], Richard Worsam Meade 3rd [Series 31], Oliver Hazard Perry [Series 36], Henry A. Wise [Series 48]).

The organization of the materials into this series is somewhat arbitrary. In some cases a document was removed from a named collection and specifically located here (see Henry A. Wise letter removed from letter book). In other cases there was not sufficient material on a particular person to warrant creation of a series. Individual signatures have, in some instances, been cut from their original document for inclusion here, and a name does not necessarily signify an autograph document: the Jefferson material consists of a letter addressed to him. Some folders function more as subject files than manuscript collections: they may include information collected about a person rather than correspondence to or from them.

Some of the letters are addressed to Captain Barnes; others show evidence of having been purchased by him or donated to the Naval History Society. Many are addressed to Captain Garrett J. Pendergrast, commander of the Philadelphia Navy Yard. No explanation is given for their inclusion here in such profusion. Some documents have been mounted for display and/or sale; on a few the purchase price is marked in pencil.

This series functions in parallel and complementary to the previous 51 series in the collection. Together with Barnes's List of officers' autograph letters signed (Series 44) and his documentation of extra-illustrations for Cooper's "History of the Navy of the United States" (Series 11), it further documents his, and the Society's, collection and organization of autograph materials.

The extensive Bainbridge materials in this series provide additional evidence of the Barnes family's interest in, and collecting activities related to, their illustrious forebear. Information organized here on the location and history of documents complements that in Dearborn's extra-illustrated life of Bainbridge (Series 1). The John Paul Jones material (foldered here under John Sanford Barnes) could as well have been part of Series 28, since it includes additional correspondence of Barnes with Jones's biographer Anna deKoven, and about Robert Dale and the donation of a sword purportedly owned by him and now in the collection of New-York Historical Society.

Highlights of the series include documents signed by Presidents John Quincy Adams (Bainbridge folder 5, Barry folder 1) and James Madison; others signed by John C. Calhoun, Salmon P. Chase, Richard Henry Dana, David Farragut, Robert Fulton, John Hancock, Rufus King, Seth Low, Robert Morris, and Matthew C. Perry; and a lock of Abraham Lincoln's hair removed after his death and sent by Robert Todd Lincoln to Gustavus Vasa Fox (removed from Series 17) at the latter's request.

Caspar Goodrich's 1907 letter of thanks for Barnes' sympathies at the death of Goodrich's son includes mention of the young man's portrait as a boy painted by John Singer Sargeant. Among David Porter's letters are cartoons and drawings by him, including one of animal-headed naval officers listening to explanations of the value of steam-powered vessels, which complement others in the Fox collection (Series 17). The William Smith folder includes a map of an attack on Whampoa, China, in 1870. It is unclear what Barnes's connection was to Nikola Tesla: letters from him indicate that he had visited Barnes in New York in 1904. The William C. Whitney document appears to be a personal financial report related to stock holdings but has been retained here.

Historical Note

Miscellaneous manuscripts collections are artificial gatherings of single or small groups of letters, often including individual letters signed by notable persons. As such, they can be troves of autograph or highpoint materials, a specialty of later 19th and early 20th century correspondence collectors. They document that era of collecting tastes and do not reflect modern archival precepts of original order or the maintenance of a document's physical or historical context or provenance.

Arrangement

The series is arranged alphabetically by the subject's name, with Miscellaneous collections placed at the end of a letter's run. It includes an index organized by 200 "portfolio" numbers, probably referring to the collection's original alphabetical order. This provides detailed descriptions of individual documents, which can be matched to the current alphabetical arrangement.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

John Sanford Barnes detailed his collecting interests and activities in a lecture he delivered at the Naval War College in 1902, which was published as "Naval Literature" by Captain John S. Barnes in Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, volume XXIX, no. 2, whole no. 106, p. 32 (XN E182 .B26).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Index
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Adams, Henry A.: Letters
1860, 1864
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Adams, John Quincy: Midshipman's warrant, ship's passport
1825, 1826
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Agassiz, Jean Louis Rodolphe: Letter
1869
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Almy, John J.: Letters
1834 [?] - 1870
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Amory, E. Linzee: Letter
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Armstrong, William M.: Letters
1838
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Aspinwall, William H.: Letters, newspaper clipping
1861, 1874
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Atkinson, James S.: Letter
1825
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Auchmuty, Robert: Letter, newspaper clipping, etching, biographical note
1779, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Bache: Letters
1823-1861
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Bailey, Theodorus: Letter
1864
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Bainbridge, William: Letters (2 of 7; see also OS)
1805-1814
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Bainbridge, William: Letters (3 of 7)
1815-1816
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Bainbridge, William: Letters (4 of 7)
1815-1822
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Bainbridge, William: Letters (5 of 7)
1823-1824
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Bainbridge, William: Letters, transcript (6 of 7)
1825-1826
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Bainbridge, William: Letters (7 of 7)
1825-1843
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Ballard, H.E.: Letter
1817
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Bancroft, G.: Letters
1846
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Barnes, John Sanford: Letters about John Paul Jones
1896-1909
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Barnes, John Sanford: Letters
1863-1910
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Barnes, John Sanford: Letters
1801-1909
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Barney: Letters
1864, 1886
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Barron, James: Letters
1837-1882
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Beatty: Letters
1815, 1820
Box: 1 Folder : 27 Bell, H.H.: Letters
1856
Box: 1 Folder : 28 Berrien, J.: Letter
1804
Box: 1 Folder : 29 Blagge, J.: Letter
1798
Box: 1 Folder : 30 Blair, M.: Letters
1861,1869
Box: 1 Folder : 31 Blake: Letters
1836, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 32 Bolton, W.C.: Letters
1807
Box: 1 Folder : 33 Branch: Letters
1829-1830
Box: 1 Folder : 34 Breese, Samuel: Letters
1861
Box: 1 Folder : 35 Bridge, H.: Letters
1842
Box: 1 Folder : 36 Brownson, Willard H.: Letters, clippings
1907, 1908
Box: 1 Folder : 37 Bunce, Francis M.: Letters
1898, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 38 Burden, J.: Letter
1905
Box: 1 Folder : 39 Burrows: Letter
1900
Box: 1 Folder : 40 Bush: Letter
1812
Box: 1 Folder : 41 Bushnell, C.: Letters
1868
Box: 1 Folder : 42 Calhoun, John C.: Order
1821
Box: 1 Folder : 43 Campbell, Hugh: Letter
1807
Box: 1 Folder : 44 Case, A. Ludlow: Form letter
1861
Box: 1 Folder : 45 Cathcart, James Leander: Letter
1829
Box: 1 Folder : 46 Chadwick, French E.: Letters
1900-1907
Box: 1 Folder : 47 Chase, Salmon: Letter
1861
Box: 1 Folder : 48 Chauncey, Isaac: Letters

Scope and Contents Note

Also includes one letter from Isaac Chauncey's brother, Ichabod Wolcott Chauncey (1821).

1815-1832
Box: 1 Folder : 49 Conner: Letter
1838
Box: 1 Folder : 50 Conyngham, Gustavus: Passports, ledger sheets
1808, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 51 Coules, William: Letters
1884-1902
Box: 1 Folder : 52 Crane: Letter
1832
Box: 1 Folder : 53 Creighton, J.B.: Letter
1873
Box: 1 Folder : 54 Crowninshield, B.W.: Letters
1815-1818
Box: 1 Folder : 55 Cunningham, R.B.: Letter
1847
Box: 1 Folder : 56 Misc. C: Letters
1777-1793
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Davis, George: Letter
1814
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Dacres, J.W.: Letter
1807
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Dahlgreen, J.A.: Letter
1852
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Dale, Richard: Letters, photographs, receipt, will
1794-1826, 1930-1931
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Dana, Richard Henry: Letters
1868-1869
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Decatur: Letters
1825-1835, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Dewey, Admiral George: Letters, clippings
1892-1899, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Dobbin: Letter
1855
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Downes: Letter
1837
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Drayton: Letter
1861
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Misc. D: Letters, appropriation form, clipping
1841-1861, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Eckford, Henry: Contracts
1807-1809
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Elliott, J.: Letters
1823-1843
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Fairfax, D.M: Letters
1870, 1892
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Farragut, D.: Letters, deed
1824-1907
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Foote, Andrew: Letters
1840-1862
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Ford, Thomas G.: Typescript autobiography
1907
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Fox: Letter, copy of newspaper article
1866, 1907
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Frailey: Letter
1866
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Fulton, Robert: Letter
1815
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Gambier: Certificate
1814
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Geisinger: Letter
1834
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Gillon: Letter transcripts, original
1783-1787, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Goldsborough: Letters
1810-1843
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Goodrich, Caspar F.: Letters
1898-1907
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Gordon: Letters
1813-1842
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Gregory, Francis H.: Letters
1843, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 28 Hamilton, Paul: Letters
1809-1812
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Hancock, John: Commission, letter
1776, 1908
Box: 2 Folder : 30 Haraden, J: Bill of exchange
1777
Box: 2 Folder : 31 Harwood, Andrew: Letters
1839-1861
Box: 2 Folder : 32 Hayes, Richard Somers: Letters, clippings
1832-1905
Box: 2 Folder : 33 Henley: Letter
1832
Box: 2 Folder : 34 Henshaw, David: Letters
1843
Box: 2 Folder : 35 Hoff, William Bainbridge: Letters
1842-1881
Box: 2 Folder : 36 Huger, Benjamin: Letters
1861
Box: 2 Folder : 37 Hull, Isaac: Letters, legal documents, photostats
1799-1846, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 38 Humphreys: Letter transcripts
1910
Box: 2 Folder : 39 Misc. H: Letters, receipt
1777-1840
Box: 2 Folder : 40 Ingraham, D.: Letters
1842-1860
Box: 2 Folder : 41 Irwin: Letters, clippings
1862-1898, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 42 Jefferson, Thomas: Letter
1781
Box: 2 Folder : 43 Johnson, Richard M.: Letters, clipping
1828-1835, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 44 Jones: Letters, order
1813-1865
Box: 2 Folder : 45 Misc. J: Letters
1882-1890, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 46 Kane, J. Nicholson: Letter
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 47 Kennedy, John P.: Letters
1852-1853
Box: 2 Folder : 48 King, Rufus: Letter
1823
Box: 2 Folder : 49 Lincoln, Robert T.: Letter
1865
Box: 2 Folder : 50 Livingston, Robert: Letter
1776
Box: 2 Folder : 51 Longstreet: Letters
1892-1896
Box: 2 Folder : 52 Low, Seth: Letters
1904
Box: 2 Folder : 53 Luce, S.B.: Letters
1873-1875
Box: 2 Folder : 54 Misc. L: Letters, legal documents
1756-1892, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 55 Madison, James; Letter
1808
Box: 2 Folder : 56 Maffitt, John Newland: Letter
1891
Box: 2 Folder : 57 Mahan, A.: Letters
1898-1907
Box: 2 Folder : 58 Mallory: Letter
1861
Box: 2 Folder : 59 Marston, John: Letters
1860
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Meade: Letters
1869-1894
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Mercer: Letters
1843-1861
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Missroon: Letters
1841-1844, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Morris: Letters
1803-1846
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Misc. M: Letters, clippings
1835-1899
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Misc. N: Letters, petitions
1780-1849
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Palmer: Letters
1845-1862, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Paulding, J.: Letters, notes
1815-1839, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Pendergrast, Garrett J.: Letters
1845-1861
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Perry, Matthew C.: Letters
1842-1855, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Philip, J.: Letters
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Phipps: Letters, essay
1925-1936, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Porter, David: Letters, general orders, commission, receipts
1798-1829
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Porter, David D. Letters
1862-1874
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Powel, Mary Edith: Letters, donation list
1917, 1921
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Powell: Letters
1833-1845
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Preble: Letters, postcards, facsimile diary
1874-1877
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Read: Letters, autograph
1778-1808
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Ridgley: Letters
1805-1834
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Misc. R: Letters, receipts
1770-1874, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Sand, B.: Letters
1869
Box: 3 Folder : 22 Schermerhorn: Letters
1884-1887
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Smith, J.: Letters
1829-1857
Box: 3 Folder : 24 Smith, William: Letter, map
1870, 1886
Box: 3 Folder : 25 Southard, Samuel: Letters
1823-1826
Box: 3 Folder : 26 Stewart, Charles: Letters,, clippings
1842-1909, undated, check
Box: 3 Folder : 27 Stockton, B.: Letters
1832-1841
Box: 3 Folder : 28 Stringham, S. Letters
1846-1861
Box: 3 Folder : 29 Thompson, Smith: Letter
1819
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Toucey, Isaac: Letters (duplicates)
1859-1860
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Trumbull: Letters, notes
1792-1798, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 32 Truxton, Thomas: Letters
1799-1818
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Upshur: Circular, letters
1840-1910
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Van Zandt, Jacobus: Letter
1776
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Warrington, Lewis: Letter, printed circular
1830-1844
Box: 3 Folder : 36 Watson, William Henry: Letters
1823-1908, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Whitney, William C.: Letter
1891
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Whittall, Charlton: Letter with account of 1782 naval battle
1901
Box: 3 Folder : 39 Wood, William W.W.: Letters
1868-1870
Box: 3 Folder : 40 Misc. W: Letters, autograph, clippings
1774-1918, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 41 Unidentified: Letters, facsimile, drawing
1896, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 1 Babcock: Letters
1757, 1871, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 2 Bainbridge, William: Letters, genealogies, autographs, circular (1 of 7)
1816, 1829, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 3 Barry, John: Letters, publications
1776-1801
Box: OS 4 Folder : 4 Barry, John: Letters, contracts, ledgers
1776-1801
Box: OS 4 Folder : 5 Biddle, James: Letters
1845-1851
Box: OS 4 Folder : 6 Buchanan, Frank: Letters
1841-1845
Box: OS 4 Folder : 7 Misc. B: Letters
1788, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 8 Pendergrast, Garrett J.: Letters, appointment
1821-1844
Box: OS 4 Folder : 9 Percival, J.: Letters, declaration
1810-1844
Box: OS 4 Folder : 10 Perry, Oliver Hazard: Letters
1815, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 11 Porter, David: Letters
1875-1887, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 12 Misc. P.: Letters, receipts
1785-1905
Box: OS 4 Folder : 13 Rodgers: Letters, orders, autograph
1805-1887
Box: OS 4 Folder : 14 Sloat, John D.: Letters, Masonic certificate
1825-1917
Box: OS 4 Folder : 15 Misc. S.: Letters, receipts
1777-1899, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 16 Tesla, Nikola: Letters, patents, brochures, clippings
1900-1904, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 17 Misc. T.: Letters, receipts, legal documents
1791-1900, undated
Box: OS 4 Folder : 18 Wise, Henry Augustus: Letters, clipping, drawing
1844-1859, undated

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Series 53. Naval History Society records (1907-1943; bulk 1909-1936)

Scope and Content

The series consists of the Naval History Society's organizational and financial records (including account books, checks, and receipts). They document the establishment and administration of the Society from its foundation until it ceased independent operations: its formation, officers and bylaws, membership, finances, library and manuscript collecting activities, and its editing and publication of volumes based on materials in its manuscript collections. It shows the context of naval and maritime collecting by the Society through its officers' correspondence with members and other collectors, authors, historical societies and repositories, and the Office of Naval Records, Washington, DC; as well as the organization's internal governance and workings.

Historical Note

According to the 1915 catalog of the library of Naval History Society founder John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3), "The Naval History Society has been established for the purpose of publishing and preserving manuscripts, documents, and writings relating to our naval history, naval art and science, and the surroundings and experiences of seamen in general and of American seamen in particular."

The Naval History Society Collection began with the donation to the Society in 1915 of Barnes's personal collections by his son, Col. James Barnes (see Series 4). The donation included library materials now cataloged in the XN classification in the New-York Historical Society Library, artifacts now included in the New-York Historical Society's museum collections, as well as the manuscript materials described in Series 1-52 of this Collection. The entire collection was donated to the New-York Historical Society, where the Naval History Society collections and office were then located, in 1925. Additional materials were donated by Naval History Society members and others or acquired by purchase after that date, some from the Naval History Fund established at the New-York Historical Society from the Naval History Society's monies.

A chronology of the Society's publishing activities is provided in Subseries VI. Manuscript collections and Society publication records.

Chronology of the Naval History Society

1909: Meeting convenes at the New York Yacht Club to discuss formation of a naval history society. Attendees include Admiral Caspar Goodrich (see Series 21), William Conant Church (biographer of John Ericsson [Series 16]), Col. James Barnes (see Series 4), and Franklin D. Roosevelt, who serves as the meeting's secretary. John Sanford Barnes is unanimously elected president and Robert Neeser secretary-treasurer. A committee is authorized to inquire if the New-York Historical Society would serve as the Naval History Society's home.

1911: John Sanford Barnes dies.

1912: Naval History Society incorporated. Its offices are located at 247 Fifth Avenue, although some early meetings are held in Washington, DC.

1915: James Barnes donates the collections of his father John Sanford Barnes to the Naval History Society in June. They include original manuscripts, letters, and logbooks as well as published books, pamphlets, and prints (approximately 3,570 volumes and separate items). The Society rents space in Aeolian Hall on West 42nd Street to house the collection.

1915: Secretary Robert Neeser corresponds with New-York Historical Society President John Abeel Weekes in May to ask if the Historical Society is interested in acquiring the Naval History Society collections and providing a room where it can be preserved for research and exhibition. Naval History Society, "being primarily a publication society...has...no habitat or place where these priceless and unique books could be preserved."

1915: New-York Historical Society Executive Committee responds to Neeser's request: "Owing to the crowded condition of the present building, the Captain Barnes collection was respectfully declined as a deposit."

1915: The John S. Barnes Memorial Library is transferred to the Naval History Society in September.

1916: John S. Barnes Memorial Library of the Naval History Society opens January 10 in Aeolian Hall. Marie Bayless serves as librarian.

1916: The Society holds an exhibition of the Library's books, prints, and manuscripts of John Paul Jones [see Series 28] in April, and in May of its Gustavus Conyngham memorabilia [see Series 10).

1917: The Society holds an exhibition of its Revolutionary War books, prints, and manuscripts in March, and in April on the War of 1812.

1918: Col. James Barnes elected President, a position he holds until his death in 1936.

1920: Alice M. Kyte becomes librarian.

1923: Franklin D. Roosevelt is deputized by the Building Committee to contact New-York Historical Society about collaborating on space and collections.

1925: Naval History Society relocates to New-York Historical Society, which was expanding its storage and exhibition spaces, and its members automatically become Associate members of New-York Historical Society. The $15,000 Naval History Fund is also transferred, to be used to purchase additional materials for the collection.

1930: Naval History Society participates in the restoration of gravestone for William Paul (brother of John Paul Jones; see Series 28), in St. George's Churchyard, Fredericksburg, VA.

1932: Naval History Society materials are represented in New-York Historical Society's "Ships and Steamboats" exhibition.

1936: Collection of dues and publication activities are suspended following the death of Col. James Barnes and insufficient Naval History Fund monies to purchase additional materials.

Arrangement

The records are arranged in seven subseries:

Subseries I. Administrative records

Subseries II. Correspondence

Subseries III. Membership records

Subseries IV. Library records

Subseries V. Financial records

Subseries VI. Manuscript collections and Society publication records

Subseries VII. Ephemera

Within each series materials are in chronological order unless otherwise noted; original order within folders has been retained.

Subseries I. Administrative Records (1909-1938)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes records of the founding and administration of the Society, its various locations, and officers. The President's reports (1928-1935, by Col. James Barnes) provide details of manuscript acquisitions and provenance, and the Society's publications for each year. The Secretary's reports (1926-1929, 1931-1935) focus on membership news: new members gained and those lost through death or resignation. The Treasurer's reports (1925-1936 by Robert Neeser) include information on the Naval History Fund, which was used to purchase additional library and manuscript materials.

The original certificate of incorporation is signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, before he became Assistant Secretary of the Navy, in his position at the Society's Secretary. The 1923-1924 Annual reports include James Barnes's own annotated copy. This edition includes a complete history of the Society to date: founders, minutes of annual meeting, resolutions, details on the collections and publications, and information on memorial activities in 1924 honoring Rear Admiral Thayer Mahan.

Arrangement

Printed letters sent to all members were moved to Subseries II. Correspondence, and arranged there chronologically.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Bylaws, proposed bylaws, certificate of incorporation
1909-1910, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 History of the bill to incorporate the NHS
1912 May 1-Aug 1
Box: 1 Folder : 3 H.R. 24026: A Bill to Incorporate the Naval History Society
1912 May 7
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Lists of officers
1911, 1935-1936
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Drawing and camera-ready art for Naval History Society seal
[1912]
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Annual reports
1911, 1913, 1914, 1917
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Annual reports
1919, 1922, 1923-1924
Box: 1 Folder : 8 President's reports
1928-1935
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Secretary's reports
1926-1929, 1931-1935
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Treasurer's reports
1917-1922
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Treasurer's reports
1925-1936
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Meeting minutes
1909 May 8
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Meeting minutes and notices: Board of Managers, annual meetings
1912-1919
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Meeting minutes and Treasurer's reports
1920-1924
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Meeting minutes: annual meetings, Executive Committee
1926-1926, 1930, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1936, 1938
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Leaflets about the Society
undated
Box: 2 Embosser
undated
Box: 3 Seals
undated
Volume: 1 Minutes
1909-1916

Subseries II. Correspondence (1909-1943)

Scope and Content

The Society's correspondence includes incoming and carbon copies of outgoing letters, primarily to and from Secretary Robert Neeser and librarians Alice Kyte (Naval History Society) and Dorothy Barck (New-York Historical Society). Also represented are Col. James Barnes when he was active as President of the Society, Treasurer Grenville Kane, and attorney Herbert Satterlee. The correspondence documents all aspects of the Society's functions, including membership dues notices, publication of Naval History Society editions by The DeVinne Press and others, cataloging of Naval History Society publications by the Library of Congress, payment for or receipt of publications by members, research requests, and payment and other banking transactions. Contact with the New-York Historical Society begins in 1915 with formation of a Building Committee and discussion of a possible move of the collections from rented space in Aeolian Hall to the Historical Society's location, culminating in the move in 1925. Among that correspondence is a letter signed by Franklin Roosevelt. A November, 1936, letter to the membership announces the end of the publication program due to insufficient monies in the Naval History Fund.

Arrangement

Most of the correspondence was originally bundled in multiple envelopes for each year, usually organized alphabetically by last name of correspondent. Exceptions included envelopes for 1909, which were arranged chronologically in one envelope; 1917, which began as an alphabetical run but sometimes included correspondence dating to 1923; 1920, which was bundled together with 1924; and various years for which there was only one envelope containing all correspondence, especially later in the Society's history. Some large runs of correspondence to one recipient or on a particular subject were labeled as such and stored together. Those divisions have been retained, but folders have been arranged in chronological order.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1909 February - June
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1909 July - October
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1909 November - December
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Correspondence A
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Correspondence B
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Correspondence C
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Correspondence D
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Correspondence F
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Correspondence G
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Correspondence H
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Correspondence J-L
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Correspondence M
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Correspondence N
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Correspondence P-R
1910
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Correspondence S
1910
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Correspondence T-W
1910
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Correspondence A-C
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Correspondence D-G
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Correspondence H-M
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Correspondence N, O
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Correspondence P, Q
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Correspondence R, S
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Correspondence T-Z
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Correspondence Misc.
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Correspondence A,B
1912
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Correspondence C, D
1912
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Correspondence E-G
1912
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Correspondence H-J
1912
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Correspondence K-M
1912
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Correspondence N, O
1912
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Correspondence P-R
1912
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Correspondence S
1912
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Correspondence T-Z
1912
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Invitation to join Naval History Society
[1912]
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Correspondence A-D
1913
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Correspondence E-G
1913
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Correspondence H
1913
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Correspondence I-K
1913
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Correspondence L
1913
Box: 6 Folder : 13 Correspondence M
1913
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Correspondence N-O
1913
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Correspondence P-Q
1913
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Correspondence R
1913
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Correspondence S
1913
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Correspondence T-Z
1913
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Correspondence A, B
1914
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Correspondence C, D
1914
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Correspondence E, F
1914
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Correspondence G
1914
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Correspondence H
1914
Box: 7 Folder : 11 Correspondence I, J
1914
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Correspondence K, L
1914
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Correspondence M
1914
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Correspondence N, O
1914
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Correspondence P, Q
1914
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Correspondence R
1914
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Correspondence S
1914
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Correspondence T-Z
1914
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Correspondence A
1915
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Correspondence B
1915
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Correspondence C
1915
Box: 8 Folder : 11 Correspondence D, E 1
915
Box: 8 Folder : 12 Correspondence F
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Correspondence G
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Correspondence H
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Correspondence I, J
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Correspondence K
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Correspondence L
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Correspondence M
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Correspondence N-Q
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Correspondence R
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Correspondence S
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Correspondence T
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 11 Correspondence U-Y
1915
Box: 9 Folder : 12 Correspondence A, B
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Correspondence C
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Correspondence D
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Correspondence E
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Correspondence F
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Correspondence G
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Correspondence H
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Correspondence I-K
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Correspondence L
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Correspondence M
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Correspondence N, O
1916
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Correspondence P
1916
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Correspondence Q, R
1916
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Correspondence S
1916
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Correspondence T-Z
1916
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Correspondence about John Paul Jones
1916-1931
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Correspondence A,B
1917
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Correspondence C-G
1917
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Correspondence H
1917
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Correspondence I-K
1917
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Correspondence Grenville Kane
1917
Box: 11 Folder : 10 Correspondence L
1917
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Correspondence Library Rent Fund, Library Fund
1917
Box: 11 Folder : 12 Correspondence M
1917-1923
Box: 11 Folder : 13 Correspondence N
1917
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Correspondence O-Q
1917
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Correspondence R
1917
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Correspondence S
1917
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Correspondence T
1917
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Correspondence X-Z
1917
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Correspondence A, B
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Correspondence C, D
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 8 Correspondence E, F
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Correspondence G
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 10 Correspondence H
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 11 Correspondence I-K
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 12 Correspondence Grenville Kane
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 13 Correspondence L, M
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 14 Correspondence N, O
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 15 Correspondence P, Q
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 16 Correspondence R
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 17 Correspondence S
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 18 Correspondence T-Z
1918
Box: 13 Folder : 1 Correspondence A, B
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 2 Correspondence C, D
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 3 Correspondence E, F
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 4 Correspondence G, H
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 5 Correspondence I-K
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 6 Correspondence Grenville Kane
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 7 Correspondence L
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 8 Correspondence M
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 9 Correspondence N, O
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 10 Correspondence P-R
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 11 Correspondence S
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 12 Correspondence T
1919
Box: 13 Folder : 13 Correspondence U-Z
1919
Box: 14 Folder : 1 Correspondence A
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 2 Correspondence B
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 3 Correspondence C
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 4 Correspondence D
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 5 Correspondence E, F
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 6 Correspondence G
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 7 Correspondence H-J
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 8 Correspondence K
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 9 Correspondence L
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 10 Correspondence: Library rent fund
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 11 Correspondence N
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 12 Correspondence O, P
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 13 Correspondence Q, R
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 14 Correspondence S
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 15 Correspondence T
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 16 Correspondence U, V
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 17 Correspondence W, Z
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 18 Orders for Vol I Fox papers
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 19 Acknowledgments Vol I Fox papers
1920
Box: 14 Folder : 20 Correspondence to Board of Directors
1920
Box: 15 Folder : 1 Acknowledgments Vol II Fox papers
1921
Box: 15 Folder : 2 Correspondence A-D
1921
Box: 15 Folder : 3 Correspondence E-H
1921
Box: 15 Folder : 4 Correspondence K-R
1921
Box: 15 Folder : 5 Correspondence S-T
1921
Box: 15 Folder : 6 Correspondence U-Y
1921
Box: 15 Folder : 7 Acknowledgments Garnerey's print of Constitution and  Guerriere
1921
Box: 15 Folder : 8 Resignations
1922-1923
Box: 15 Folder : 9 Correspondence A-D
1922
Box: 15 Folder : 10 Correspondence Barnes
1922, undated
Box: 15 Folder : 11 Correspondence E-H
1922
Box: 15 Folder : 12 Correspondence K-R
1922
Box: 16 Folder : 1 Correspondence S-T
1922
Box: 16 Folder : 2 Correspondence U-Z
1922
Box: 16 Folder : 3 Correspondence A
1923
Box: 16 Folder : 4 Replies to annual meeting notice
1923
Box: 16 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 6 Correspondence B
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 7 Correspondence C
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 8 Correspondence D
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 9 Correspondence E, F
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 10 Correspondence G
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 11 Correspondence H-J
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 12 Correspondence K
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 13 Correspondence L
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 14 Correspondence M
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 15 Correspondence N
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 16 Correspondence O, P
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 17 Correspondence Q, R
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 18 Correspondence S
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 19 Correspondence T
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 20 Correspondence U, V
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 21 Correspondence W-Z
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 22 Isaac Hull manuscript donation: Correspondence with executors of Charles Allen Munn
1924
Box: 16 Folder : 23 Correspondence, including to Col. Barnes
1925
Box: 16 Folder : 24 Letter to Barnes from New-York Historical Society
1925 May 20
Box: 17 Folder : 1 Letter to members about New-York Historical Society move
1925 June 25
Box: 17 Folder : 2 Letter to members about associate membership in New-York Historical Society
1925 October 21
Box: 17 Folder : 3 Letters from members accepting associate membership in New-York Historical Society
1925
Box: 17 Folder : 4 Resignations and deaths
1925
Box: 17 Folder : 5 Correspondence, including to and from Col. Barnes
1926
Box: 17 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1926
Box: 17 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1927
Box: 17 Folder : 8 Correspondence, Col. Barnes
1927
Box: 17 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1928
Box: 17 Folder : 10 Correspondence, Col. Barnes
1928
Box: 17 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1929
Box: 17 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1930
Box: 17 Folder : 13 Correspondence, Barnes-Barck
1930-1932
Box: 17 Folder : 14 Barnes-Andrews correspondence about frigate Constitution
1930-1934
Box: 18 Folder : 1 Correspondence Barnes
1930-1936
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Annual meeting notices; notification of Garnerey print
1930-1933, undated
Box: 18 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1931
Box: 18 Folder : 4 Acknowledgments "Rope Yarns"
1931
Box: 18 Folder : 5 Orders: "Rope Yarns"
1931-1932
Box: 18 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1932
Box: 18 Folder : 7 Acknowledgments "Life of Wm. Bainbridge"
1932
Box: 18 Folder : 8 Acknowledgments Rodney books
1932 Oct-Dec
Box: 18 Folder : 9 Resignations
1932
Box: 18 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1933
Box: 18 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1933
Box: 18 Folder : 12 Barnes-Gurn correspondence about John Barry
1933-1934
Box: 19 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1934
Box: 19 Folder : 2 Acknowledgments: Gurn's "Life of John Barry"
1934
Box: 19 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1935
Box: 19 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1935
Box: 19 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1936
Box: 19 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1936
Box: 19 Folder : 7 Correspondence: Col. and Mrs. Barnes with Miss Barck
1936
Box: 19 Folder : 8 Correspondence: Office of Naval Records
1936
Box: 19 Folder : 9 Acknowledgments: "Quasi War with France"
1936
Box: 19 Folder : 10 Letter to members
1936 November 16
Box: 19 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1937
Box: 20 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1938
Box: 20 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1939-1943
Box: 20 Folder : 3 Blank stationery: cards, letterhead, envelopes, bookplates
Undated

Subseries III. Membership records (1910-1943)

Scope and Content

The membership records include lists of members in various categories (individual, life, honorary, resigned, died), signed cards noting acceptance or decline of membership, members' war service records, records of dues payments, and proxies for meetings; as well as newspaper clippings of members' obituaries. The mailing list for a proposed Marine Museum of the City of New York was probably used as a source of addresses for potential Naval History Society members. Also included is a guest book of signatures, perhaps kept at annual meetings. Additional information on membership can also be found in some of the Annual Reports (Subseries I. Administrative Records), which include lists of current members for the year; and in account books in Subseries V. Financial Records.

Arrangement

Correspondence sent to all members was moved to Subseries II. Correspondence, and arranged there chronologically.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 21 Folder : 1 Membership lists
1910, 1911, 1916, 1919-1923
Box: 21 Folder : 2 Membership acknowledgments
1910-1919
Box: 21 Folder : 3 Membership lists
1926-1936
Box: 21 Folder : 4 Biographical accounts of members of the Naval History Society: newspaper clippings, obituaries
1928-1937
Box: 21 Folder : 5 Biographical accounts of members of the Naval History Society: newspaper clippings, obituaries
1928-1937, 1958
Box: 21 Folder : 6 Mailing list: Marine Museum of the City of New York
1931 April 1
Box: 21 Folder : 7 Clippings: newspaper obituaries of members
1935-1943
Box: 21 Folder : 8 List of members to receive volume "Quasi War with France"
1936
Box: 21 Folder : 9 Printed notices of nomination to Society
undated
Box: 22 Stubs for dues; signed note on question of increasing dues; signed proxies for annual meetings; returned bills for dues paid; account of dues paid
1915-1931
Box: 23 Member cards; war service records, institutional members, life members
around 1917-1926
Box: 24 Returned and paid notices, annual dues
1929-1936
Volume: 2 Signatures [Guest book]
1916 June 10-1924 September 10

Subseries IV. Library records (1907-1943)

Scope and Content

The library records include acquisitions lists, library catalog cards, publishers' catalogs, clippings regarding books of interest for possible acquisition, photographs of the installation of items from the collection at an unspecified location, various unorganized research notes in different hands on subjects including the Lloyd family of Long Island, and the library accession book. The latter documents acquisitions of both published books and manuscript materials, by date and donor, prices paid for items bought, as well as the library's classification system.

Historical Note

The Library was formed originally from the collection of John Sanford Barnes, donated to the Naval History Society by his son, James Barnes, in 1915 and included in the New-York Historical Society's library's collections in 1925. These volumes are now cataloged under the XN call number. Materials were added to subsequently, by donation or purchase, with monies from the Naval History Fund.

Arrangement

Loose materials originally inserted in the Library Accession Book, including a 1933 rare book auction catalog, details of the Meade donation (see Series 30, Series 31), and a list of portraits of John Paul Jones, have been arranged here chronologically in separate folders.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 25 Folder : 1 Notebook: "Desirable Books on Naval History"
1907
Box: 25 Folder : 2 Booksellers' advertisements (1 of 2)
1917-1938
Box: 25 Folder : 3 Bookseller's advertisements (2 of 2)
1917-1938
Box: 25 Folder : 4 Booksellers' catalogs
1919-1930
Box: 25 Folder : 5 Materials separated from Library Accession Book: Miscellaneous notes and printed items
1920-1940, undated
Box: 25 Folder : 6 Clippings on naval literature
1921-1943
Box: 25 Folder : 7 Booksellers' catalogs
1931 (1 of 2)
Box: 25 Folder : 8 Booksellers' catalogs
1931 (1 of 2)
Box: 26 Folder : 1 Booksellers' catalogs
1932
Box: 26 Folder : 2 Materials separated from Library Accession Book: Rare Americana auction catalog, Charles Heartman
1933 January 28
Box: 26 Folder : 3 Booksellers' catalogs
1933-1935
Box: 26 Folder : 4 Materials separated from Library Accession Book: listing "Books and manuscripts from the library of Richard Worsam Meade (4th)"
1934
Box: 26 Folder : 5 Meade donation bookplates
1934
Box: 26 Folder : 6 Booksellers' catalogs
1936-1937
Box: 26 Folder : 7 Booksellers' catalog
1938-1943
Box: 26 Folder : 8 Materials separated from Library Accession Book: "Prints, Portraits and Memo. of John Paul Jones"
Undated
Box: 27 Folder : 1 Booksellers' catalogs
Undated
Box: 27 Folder : 2 Booksellers' catalogs
Undated
Box: 27 Folder : 3 Booksellers' catalogs
Undated
Box: 27 Folder : 4 Booksellers' catalogs
Undated
Box: 27 Folder : 5 Booksellers' catalogs
Undated
Box: 27 Folder : 6 Booksellers' catalogs
Undated
Box: 27 Folder : 7 Photographs of library collection installation
Undated
Box: 28 Research materials; library catalog cards
undated
Box: 29 Research materials; "Ships of US Navy Built in NY", "US Navy Officers Born in NY State", Lloyd family of Long Island, miscellaneous notes
undated
Volume: 3 Library Accession Book
1916-1941

Subseries V. Financial records (1910-1936)

Scope and Content

The Society's financial records include receipts, vouchers (deposit slips and receipted bills for office expenses and rent), returned checks, checkbooks, account books, information on holdings of securities, and deposits of membership payments. The checkbook stubs document the Society's expenses, while the account books include membership information such as annual dues paid and lists of members.

Arrangement

The folder titles are taken from the original envelope titles and are not consistent.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 30 Folder : 1 Bank book
1910
Box: 30 Folder : 2 Checkbooks
1910-1912, 1926
Box: 30 Folder : 3 Bank statements and returned checks
1920
Box: 30 Folder : 4 Bank statements and returned checks
1921
Box: 30 Folder : 5 Bank statements and returned checks
1922
Box: 30 Folder : 6 Bank statements and returned checks
1923
Box: 30 Folder : 7 Bank statements and returned checks
1924
Box: 30 Folder : 8 Bank statements and returned checks
1925
Box: 30 Folder : 9 Bank statements and returned checks
1926
Box: 30 Folder : 10 Vouchers
1909-1910 Nov 1
Box: 30 Folder : 11 Vouchers and receipts
1912
Box: 30 Folder : 12 Vouchers and receipts
1912, 1921
Box: 30 Folder : 13 Vouchers and receipts
1913
Box: 30 Folder : 14 Vouchers and receipts
1922
Box: 30 Folder : 15 [Bills for office expenses: rent, telephone]
1922
Box: 31 Folder : 1 Vouchers and receipts
1924-1925
Box: 31 Folder : 2 Receipted bills
1925
Box: 31 Folder : 3 Member donations to the Building Fund
1910-1925
Box: 31 Folder : 4 Leases for office in Aeolian Hall
1915-1925
Box: 31 Folder : 5 Rent receipts for Aeolian Hall office
1916, 1919-1925
Box: 31 Folder : 6 Sale of Barnes's securities
1921
Box: 31 Folder : 7 Securities holdings
1921
Volume: 4 Checkbook
1912-1916
Volume: 5 Checkbook
1916-1917
Volume: 6 Checkbook
1917-1918
Volume: 7 Checkbook
1918-1919
Volume: 8 Checkbook
1919-1921
Volume: 9 Checkbook
1921-1923
Volume: 10 Checkbook
1923-1925
Volume: 11 Account Book
1909-1912,1932-1936
Volume: 12 Account Book
1909-1916
Volume: 13 Account Book
1916-1924
Volume: 14 Account Book
1920-1924
Volume: 15 Account Book
1924-1926

Subseries VI. Manuscript collections and Naval History Society publication records (1909-1939)

Scope and Content

The Naval History Society's publications were based on its manuscript collections, which it acquired by donation and by purchase, beginning with the collections of John Sanford Barnes. The records consist of acquisitions lists, information on donations received, lists of volumes published by the Society, and a bound volume of Naval Records. Its inclusion here is unexplained. Additional information about manuscript acquisitions is included in the Library Accession Book in Subseries IV. Library records.

Chronology of Naval History Society Publications

1911: First volume of Naval History Society publications issued to the subscribers: "Logs of the Serapis,  Alliance,  Ariel Under the Command of John Paul Jones, 1778-1780," edited by John S. Barnes, and printed by DeVinne Press, New York (see Series 49).

1912: Second volume: "Fanning's narrative: being the memoirs of Nathaniel Fanning, an officer of the revolutionary navy, 1778-1783," edited and annotated by John S. Barnes, and printed by DeVinne Press, New York.

1913: Third volume: "The Dispatches of Molyneux Shuldham, Vice-Admiral of the Blue and Commander in Chief of his Britannic Majesty's Ships in North America, Jan-July 1776," edited by Robert W. Neeser and printed by DeVinne Press, New York (see Series 22).

1914: Fourth and fifth volumes: "The Out-Letters of the continental Marine Committee and Board of Admiralty, 1776-1780," Vols I and II, edited by Dr. Charles Oscar Paulin and printed by DeVinne Press, New York (see Series 22).

1915: Sixth volume: "Letters and Papers relating to the Cruises of Gustavus Conyngham, a captain of the Continental Navy, 1777-1779," edited by Robert W. Neeser and printed by DeVinne Press, New York (see Series 10).

1915: "Catalogue of the books, manuscripts and prints and other memorabilia in the John S. Barnes Memorial Library of the Naval History Society".

1916: Seventh volume: "The Despatches of Thomas Graves, R.N., 1781," edited by Rear Admiral French E. Chadwick, U.S.N. and printed by DeVinne Press, New York.

1917: Eighth volume: "The Papers of Francis Gregory Dallas, U.S. Navy. Correspondence and Journal, 1837-1859," edited by Gardner W. Allen and printed by DeVinne Press, New York (see Series 12).

1918: Because of the war and accompanying paper shortages, no publications are issued for the year.

1920: Ninth and tenth volumes: "The Fox Papers, being the confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the Civil War," Vols. I and II, edited by Colonel Robert M. Thompson and Rear Admiral Richard Wainwright and printed by DeVinne Press, New York (see Series 17).

1922: Print based on Garneray's "USS Constitution captures HMS  Guerriere" is sent to members.

1931: Eleventh volume: "Rope yarns from the old navy," by Rear Admiral Caspar F. Goodrich, published by J.J. Little & Ives Co. (see Series 21).

1932: Twelfth and thirteenth volumes: "Letter-books and order-book of George, lord Rodney, admiral of the White squadron, 1780-1782." New York, printed for the New York Historical Society, 1932, edited by librarian Dorothy Barck (see Series 39).

1932: H.A.S. Dearborn's "Life of William Bainbridge Esq. of the United States Navy," edited by James Barnes and published by Princeton University Press, is sent to members as "a token of gratitude" (see Series 1)

1934: Joseph Gurn's "Commodore John Barry: Father of the American Navy" is distributed to members as volume 14 in lieu of a Society publication, "because the Society's large collection of Barry manuscripts was largely used in its compilation" (see Series 5).

1936: Fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth volumes: "Naval documents related to the quasi-war between the United States and France. Naval operations ... February 1797-December 1801," published under direction of the Honorable Claude A. Swanson, Secretary of the Navy. Prepared by the Office of Naval Records and Library, Navy Department, under the supervision of Captain Dudley W. Knox, U.S. Navy (ret.)

Arrangement

All materials were originally in mixed folders and boxes; they are arranged chronologically.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 32 Folder : 1 "War of 1812: The original drawings": list and correspondence from bookseller A.S.M. Rosenbach
1909
Box: 32 Folder : 2 Library of Congress catalog cards for Naval History Society publications
1912-1920
Box: 32 Folder : 3 List of publications of the Naval History Society
1914-1936
Box: 32 Folder : 4 Clippings; lists of manuscript donations
1924, undated
Box: 32 Folder : 5 Documentation of provenance of various manuscript and object collections
1932-1936, undated
Box: 32 Folder : 6 Naval History Society publications: booksellers' catalog listings
1935-1938
Box: 32 Folder : 7 Catalogs, reprints
1936-1942, undated
Box: 32 Folder : 8 List of Naval History Society publications
1937, undated
Box: 32 Folder : 9 Items from Barnes and Goodrich collections
1938-1939, undated
Box: 32 Folder : 10 "Labels for Special Naval Manuscripts Exhibition in Naval History Gallery, March-April-May, 1939"
1939
Box: 32 Folder : 11 Exhibition labels for naval medals
Undated
Volume: 16 Index to Naval War Records
1861-1865

Subseries VII. Ephemera (1851-1947)

Scope and Content

The subseries consists of invitations, programs, clippings, visual and printed materials, postage stamps, and a scrapbook on naval topics. The provenance of these materials is unclear; some of the earlier items may have come from the collections of John Sanford Barnes (see Series 3). Materials separated from named collections include an 1851 invitation to Lieutenant Duer (see Series 14), various undated photographs labeled as from Admiral McCauley (see Series 21), and a 1906 invitation to a Naval Ball honoring Rear Admiral Goodrich (see Series 29).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 33 Folder : 1 Ephemera separated from named collections: Duer, Goodrich, McCauley
1851, 1906, undated
Box: 33 Folder : 2 Invitations and programs
1883-1936
Box: 33 Folder : 3 Various ephemera and clippings
1911, 1917, 1918, undated
Box: 33 Folder : 4 Naval-themed postage stamps
1936, 1945, 1947
Box: 33 Folder : 5 Bookplates and calling cards
Undated
Box: 33 Folder : 6 Reproduced images
Undated
Volume: 17 Scrapbook of clippings on naval topics
1913-1916

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