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Guide to the Naval History Society Collection
1721-1995 (bulk 1781-1936)
  MS 439

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Celia Hartmann.

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on May 29, 2018
Description is in English.

Container List

Series 15. William R. Durand (1861-1865)

Scope and Content

The collection includes journals and diaries, some of which incorporate both written entries and pasted in clippings from the US Navy Journal. The 1862-1863 volume includes printed accounts of the battle between the Confederate steamship Virginia (originally   Merrimack) and USS  Monitor in 1862. The materials in this collection have been digitized and are available online to on-site researchers and to users affiliated with subscribing institutions via EBSCOhost.

Historical Note

Vessels in the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron were responsible for preventing Confederate ships from supplying ships in Virginia and North Carolina, and for supporting Union troops. Those in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron operated between Cape Henry, North Carolina, and Key West, Florida.

Mystic assisted in the capture or destruction of four blockade runners off North Carolina in June-September 1862. In May 1863, it supported the Army during an expedition up the York River.

Mohawk joined the South Atlantic Blocking Squadron in June 1862, serving out of Port Royal from June, 1863, for the next year, until it underwent repairs in Philadelphia.

Both Philadelphia and   John Adams served as flagships of the Squadron, the latter of the inner blockade off Morris Island (Charleston, NC).

Paul Jones had participated in attacks on Fort Wagner (Charleston, SC) in July 1863, returning to New York for repairs and rejoining the squadron in September. It continued coastal operations until August of that year and in 1865 joined the East Gulf Blockading Squadron.

Commissioned in January, 1865, Muscoota was at Norfolk, Virginia, in May, 1865, when it was ordered to Key West as part of an effort to prevent Confederate President Jefferson Davis escaping abroad. It remained in the Gulf of Mexico area at least until August, 1866, was decommissioned in 1869, and then sold as a merchant steamship.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Navy Journal: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, U S Steamer Mystic (4" rate)
1861 December 11 - 1862 February 20
Volume: 2 Naval Diary: North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, U.S.S. Mystic [clippings 1862 October - 1863 August]
1862 February 21 -1863 August
Volume: 3 Navy Journal: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, U.S. Steamer Mohawk (4" rate")
1862 June 23 - 1863 Aug 16
Volume: 4 Navy Journal: U S Steamer Mohawk (4" rate), South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863 August 17 - 1864 January 2; Flag Steamer   Philadelphia, 1864 January 5 - February 22; U.S. Ship  John Adams, 1864 February - April 2
1863 August 17 - 1864 April 2
Volume: 5 Navy Journal: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, U.S. Ship John Adams, 1864 April 3 - April 27; U.S. Steamer  Paul Jones, 1864 April 27 - July 12
1864 April 3 - 1864 July 12
Volume: 6 Navy Journal North Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. United States Steamer Muscoota
1865 January 5 -August 25

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