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Guide to the Naval History Society Collection
1721-1995 (bulk 1781-1936)
  MS 439

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Celia Hartmann.

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on May 29, 2018
Description is in English.

Container List

Series 17. Gustavus Vasa Fox (1823-1919; bulk 1860-1889)

Scope and Content

The collection includes correspondence, personal papers and documents, financial records, speeches and writings, memorabilia and souvenirs, printed materials, and clippings of Gustavus Vasa Fox; correspondence of his wife Virginia Woodbury Fox; and correspondence and personal papers pertaining to other Woodbury and Fox family members.

Biographical Note

Gustavus Vasa Fox (1821-1883) read law with his future wife's uncle, Isaac O. Barnes, in 1837 and began his maritime career as a midshipman in 1838. He served in various naval and mercantile vessels before retiring in 1856 to manage the Bay State Woolen Mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts. His suggestions for the relief of Fort Sumter were not followed, but through connections to Abraham Lincoln via Postmaster Montgomery Blair (his wife's brother-in-law) he was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy under Gideon Welles in 1861. He served in that position through the Civil War, functioning as de facto chief of naval operations. He championed the cause of ironclad fighting ships, supporting John Ericsson (see Series 16) in his bid to build Monitor. Fox is credited with improving the management of the Navy that made possible its wartime victories.

In 1866 he made the first transatlantic voyage in an ironclad ( Miantonomoh) to deliver a congressional resolution to Tsar Alexander II, congratulating him on his escape from an assassination attempt. The ship made extensive stops in European ports en route. In 1867 he made an unsuccessful attempt to take over the Southwest Pacific railroad, the forerunner of the St. Louis-San Francisco railroad. In 1869 he began management of Middlesex Mills in Lowell, Massachusetts, moving to Boston in 1874 from where he commuted to Lawrence to manage Washington Mills for the commission house of Mudge, Sawyer, and Co. He retired in 1878 and pursued interests that included documenting Columbus's first landfall in the new world, and the local history and topography of New Hampshire.

Arrangement

The materials are arranged in 10 subseries:

Subseries I. Correspondence

Subseries II. Personal papers and documents

Subseries III. Speeches and writings

Subseries IV. Financial records

Subseries V. Memorabilia, souvenirs, and visual materials

Subseries VI. Printed materials and clippings

Subseries VII. Virginia L. Woodbury Fox papers

Subseries VIII. Woodbury and Fox family papers

Subseries IX. Archival and filing records

Subseries X. Bound volumes

Each subseries is arranged chronologically unless otherwise described in its Scope and Content note. Many of the subseries were previously edited and arranged by Virginia Woodbury Fox and/or Colonel Robert Thompson in preparation for the latter's editing and publication of Fox's letters ("The Fox Papers, being the confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the Civil War," Vols. I and II, edited by Colonel Robert M. Thompson and Rear Admiral Richard Wainwright and printed by DeVinne Press, New York, as the ninth and tenth volumes of the Society's publications) in 1918 and 1919. In some subseries, pages were numbered in order in pencil; in others Mrs. Fox has included notes about materials that she destroyed, erased, or otherwise redacted.

Subseries I. Correspondence (1838-1883)

Scope and Content

The correspondence includes incoming and outgoing letters, a small amount of which is personal and the bulk from Fox's tenure as Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Some of the originals were rearranged and annotated by Virginia Woodbury Fox. Her notes indicate that she destroyed those she believed to be too personal. Marie Bayless, librarian of the Naval History Society, may have typed the transcripts as part of the letters' editing by Col. Thompson. Also included are letters received by James Paulding, Assistant Secretary of the Navy before Fox. No explanation is given for their presence in the collection.

The early letters received (1838-1860) are mostly orders to report to ships for duty, and include Fox's recommendation as a midshipman, signed by John Quincy Adams when he served as a representative from Massachusetts after his presidency. Among those in 1861 is one from Abraham Lincoln. Fox's other correspondents include John Ericsson (see Series 16) and General Ulysses S. Grant. The Civil War-era letters document routine activities of the Navy: orders, reports of activities, discussion of policy, personnel, and maneuvers. The later letters include correspondence regarding Fox's donation to St. John's Episcopal Church, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, of a credence table (to hold items required to celebrate Communion) made from the oak timbers of Admiral David Farragut's flagship Hartford.

Arrangement

Some of the correspondence was arranged by month within a year and some by last name of recipient within a year. The original order has been retained.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1860 June 21 - 1861 October 16
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1862
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1863
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1864-1865
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Virginia Woodbury Fox
1867-1873
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Letters sent
1861
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Letters sent: A,B
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Letters sent: C
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Letters sent: D
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Letters sent: E
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Letters sent: F
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Letters sent: G
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Letters sent: H-K
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Letters sent: L
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Letters sent: M,O
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Letters sent: P,R
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Letters sent: S
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Letters sent: T,U,W
1862
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Letters sent: typescripts
1862 September - December
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Letters sent
1863 January
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Letters sent
1863 February
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Letters sent
1863 March
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Letters sent
1863 April
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Letters sent
1863 May
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Letters sent
1863 June
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Letters sent
1863 July
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Letters sent
1863 August
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Letters sent
1863 September
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Letters sent
1863 October
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Letters sent
1863 November - December
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Letters sent: B
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Letters sent: C-E
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Letters sent: F-H
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Letters sent: General Grant
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Letters sent: J-M
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Letters sent: O,P,R,S
1864
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Letters sent: W
1864
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Letters sent: A-C
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Letters sent: E-G
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Letters sent: H, J-M
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Letters sent: P,R-T,V
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Letters sent: W
1865
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Letters sent
1866-1867
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Letters sent
1868
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Letters received
1838-1849
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Letters received by James Kirk Paulding, Secretary of the Navy
1840 - 1841
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Letters received
1850 - 1860
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Letters received
1861 January - April
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Letters received
1861 May - July
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Letters received
1861 August - October
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Letters received
1861 November
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Letters received
1861 December
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Letters received: A,B
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Letters received: C
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Letters received: D,E
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Letters received: Samuel Dupont
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Letters received: John Ericsson
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Letters received: John Ericsson, typescripts
1862
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Letters received: F
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Letters received: G
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Letters received: H-K
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Letters received: L
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Letters received: M
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Letters received: N-P
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Letters received: Porter
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Letters received: R
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Letters received: S
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Letters received: Alban Stimers
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Letters received: Alban Stimers, typescript
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Letters received: T,U
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Letters received: W
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 13 Letters received: B-H, typescript
1862
Box: 6 Folder : 14 Letters received: M-W, typescript
1862
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Letters received: A,B
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Letters received: C
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Letters received: D
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Letters received: E
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Letters received: FA - J.M. Forbes
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Letters received: P. Forbes - Fulton
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Letters received: Gi - Gr
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Letters received: Gu
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Letters received: H
1863
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Letters received: J-L
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Letters received: M-O
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Letters received: P
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Letters received: R
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Letters received: S
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Letters received: T,U
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Letters received: W
1863
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Letters received: A
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Letters received: B
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Letters received: C
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Letters received: C.W. Copeland
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 11 Letters received: D
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 12 Letters received: E
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 13 Letters received: J.B. Eads
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 14 Letters received: John Ericsson
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 15 Letters received: F
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 16 Letters received: D.G. Farragut
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 17 Letters received: J.S. Fay
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 18 Letters received: J.M. Forbes
1864
Box: 8 Folder : 19 Letters received: R.B. Forbes
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Letters received: G
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Letters received: F.H Gregory
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Letters received: J.W Grimes
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Letters received: H-K
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Letters received: T.A. Jenkins
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Letters received: J.W. King
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Letters received: L
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Letters received: W.K. Latimer
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Letters received: R.B. Loury
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Letters received: M
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 11 Letters received: N,O
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 12 Letters received: P
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 13 Letters received: D.D. Porter
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 14 Letters received: Q,R
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 15 Letters received: S
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 16 Letters received: Alban Stimers
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 17 Letters received: C.K. Stribling
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 18 Letters received: T
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 19 Letters received: U,V
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 20 Letters received: W
1864
Box: 9 Folder : 21 Letters received: A. Wise
1864
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Letters received: A,B
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Letters received: C
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Letters received: D
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Letters received: E
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Letters received: F
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Letters received: G
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Letters received: H-K
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Letters received: L
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Letters received: M,N
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Letters received: O
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Letters received: P
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Letters received: R
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 13 Letters received: S
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 14 Letters received: T
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 15 Letters received: U-Y
1865
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Letters received: A
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Letters received: B
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Letters received: C-F
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Letters received: G-K
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Letters received: L-R
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Letters received: D.D. Porter
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Letters received: S-T
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Letters received: W-Y
1866
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Letters received: B-D
1867
Box: 11 Folder : 10 Letters received: E-G
1867
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Letters received: H-R
1867
Box: 11 Folder : 12 Letters received: S
1867
Box: 11 Folder : 13 Letters received: T-W
1867
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Letters received: A-D
1868
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Letters received: E-L
1868
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Letters received: M-Z
1868
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Letters received: A-L
1869
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Letters received: M-P
1869
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Letters received: R
1869
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Letters received: W-Y
1869
Box: 12 Folder : 8 Letters received
1870
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Letters received
1871
Box: 12 Folder : 10 Letters received
1872
Box: 12 Folder : 11 Letters received: St. John's Portsmouth - credence table donation
1872
Box: 12 Folder : 12 Letters received
1873
Box: 13 Folder : 1 Letters received
1874
Box: 13 Folder : 2 Letters received
1875
Box: 13 Folder : 3 Letters received
1876
Box: 13 Folder : 4 Letters received
1877
Box: 13 Folder : 5 Letters received
1878
Box: 13 Folder : 6 Letters received
1879
Box: 13 Folder : 7 Letters received
1880
Box: 13 Folder : 8 Letters received
1881
Box: 13 Folder : 9 Letters received
1882
Box: 13 Folder : 10 Letters received
1883
Box: 13 Folder : 11 Letters received
Undated
Box: OS 2 Folder : 9 Architectural plans for Montgomery Meigs residence, Washington DC
1869

Subseries II. Personal papers and documents (1838-1878)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes Fox's diaries, naval and civilian commissions and membership certificates, naval record of service, record of the sale of property, and other personal papers. His naval commissions are signed by Presidents Martin Van Buren (1838), John Tyler (1844), and Millard Fillmore (1851).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 1 Diaries
1866-1872
Box: 14 Folder : 2 Diaries
1873-1876 June 15
Box: 14 Folder : 3 Diaries
1876 June 16 - 1883
Box: 14 Folder : 4 Naval commissions
1838, 1844, 1851
Box: 14 Folder : 5 Sale of property, Lawrence, Massachusetts, to Washington Mills Co.
1854-1864
Box: 14 Folder : 6 Mt. Auburn Cemetery plot: Purchase, correspondence
1855, 1871
Box: 14 Folder : 7 Record of service in U.S. Navy
1866, 1888, undated
Box: 14 Folder : 8 U.S. tax return: draft version
1869
Box: 14 Folder : 9 Certificates of membership: New England Historical Society, Massachusetts Historical Society
1875, 1876
Box: OS 2 Folder : 10 Certificates of membership: New England Historic-Genealogic Society, Massachusetts Historical Society
1875 January 6, 1883 February 8
Box: OS 1 Folder : 8 Commission: Justice of the Peace, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
1878

Subseries III. Speeches and writings (1861-1883)

Scope and Content

The materials up to 1862 document Fox's interests and activities including his plans for the reinforcement of Fort Sumter, and the value of steam battleships culminating in his support of Ericsson's design and construction of Monitor, as well as its battle with   Virginia (originally  Merrimack) at Hampton Roads in 1862. These papers appear to have been collected after the fact and include correspondence from John Ericsson and the draft of an unnamed publication on the subject. They are annotated by Virginia Woodbury Fox and document requests she received for information on the subject.

Papers dating after the Civil War document Fox's 1866 mission to the court of Tsar Alexander II, his attempt to purchase the Southwest Pacific Railroad, his 1883 publication "The first landfall of Columbus: Is there extant evidence enough to prove the first landing place of Columbus in the new world?", and his interest in the history and topology of New Hampshire. The draft of his Columbus article is in a secretary's hand and edited in pencil, probably by Fox, and also shows Virginia Woodbury Fox's annotations. Some of the notes are numbered in pencil in order from 1 to 204, with no explanation provided for these notations.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 10 Plans for reinforcing Fort Sumter
1861 March
Box: 14 Folder : 11 Notes from British newspapers; writings on steamer specifications for U.S. Navy
1862-1863
Box: 14 Folder : 12 Monitor: Drafts, correspondence
1862-1875
Box: 14 Folder : 13 Monitor: Specifications, accounts of Hampton roads battle, Virginia Woodbury Fox notes
1862-1895
Box: 14 Folder : 14 Mission to Russia: letters and writings
1866
Box: 15 Folder : 1 Mission to Russia: Banquet menu
1866 August
Box: 15 Folder : 2 Mission to Russia: Speech at presentation of Congressional resolution to Tsar Alexander II
1866 Aug 8
Box: 15 Folder : 3 Mission to Russia: official dispatches
1866-1867
Box: 15 Folder : 4 Mission to Russia: Letters and writings
1866-1867
Box: 15 Folder : 5 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Correspondence
1867
Box: 15 Folder : 6 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Correspondence with Charles L. Woodbury
1867-1870
Box: 15 Folder : 7 Claims against Southwest Pacific Railroad
1867-1873
Box: 15 Folder : 8 Claims against Southwest Pacific Railroad
1867-1873
Box: 15 Folder : 9 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Correspondence
1868-1869
Box: 15 Folder : 10 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Correspondence
1870, 1873, 1876
Box: 16 Folder : 1 Southwest Pacific Railroad: Letters and writings
Undated
Box: 16 Folder : 2 Atlantic and Pacific Railroad: Correspondence, statement
1867, 1873
Box: 16 Folder : 3 Notes on New Hampshire history, topography, place names
[1877]
Box: 16 Folder : 4 "Facts about Carroll Kearsage Mountain, of New Hampshire. Read before the Appalachian Mountain Club, by G.V. Fox"
[1877]
Box: 16 Folder : 5 Speech at Philips Andover Academy centenary
1878
Box: 16 Folder : 6 Landing of Columbus: Notes and correspondence
1880-1881
Box: 16 Folder : 7 Landing of Columbus: Notes 1-107
1881, undated
Box: 16 Folder : 8 Landing of Columbus: Notes 108-294
1881, undated
Box: 16 Folder : 9 Landing of Columbus: Draft manuscripts
[1881]
Box: 16 Folder : 10 Landing of Columbus: Acknowledgments from libraries and individuals
1882-1883
Box: 17 Folder : 1 Writings and notes
undated
Box: 17 Folder : 2 Writings and notes
undated

Subseries IV. Financial records (1869-1893)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes receipted bills, accounts, cancelled checks, and a check register. They document the Foxes' household and personal expenses in Washington, Boston (where they lived at the Parker House), and Lowell, Massachusetts, as well as his 1866-1868 travels to Russia through many European cities. The 1874 receipts include expenses for settlement of the estate of his mother, Mrs. Olivia Fox.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 17 Folder : 3 Cancelled checks
1869 November - 1872 November
Box: 17 Folder : 4 Cancelled checks
1872 November 4 - 1874 February 4
Box: 17 Folder : 5 Cancelled checks
1874 July - 1878 March
Box: 17 Folder : 6 Check register
1869 November 2 - 1872 November 4
Box: 17 Folder : 7 Receipts
1866-1868
Box: 17 Folder : 8 Receipts: Boston and Lowell
1874
Box: 17 Folder : 9 Receipts: Boston
1875
Box: 18 Folder : 1 Receipts
1876
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Receipts: Boston
1877
Box: 18 Folder : 3 Receipts
1878-1880
Box: 18 Folder : 4 Receipts
1881-1882
Box: 18 Folder : 5 Receipts
1883
Box: 18 Folder : 6 Accounts with E.R. Mudge & Co.
1874-1877

Subseries V. Memorabilia, souvenirs, and visual materials (1823-1890)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes an autograph collection, souvenirs of social and cultural events, calling cards received at home while the Foxes lived in Washington, drawings, photographs, and the illustrated manuscript of a satirical account of life aboard a steam battleship. The autographed letters include some addressed to President Andrew Jackson and then referred to the Secretary of the Navy, and show signatures of author Washington Irving, President Martin Van Buren, and politicians Robert Livingston and Thurlow Weed. The invitations include those to Lincoln's second inauguration in March, 1865; dinners with visiting Russian officers; and a ceremony marking the raising of the American flag over Fort Sumter after its recapture in 1865. Among the undated cards announcing an "at home" is one for the White House from President and Mrs. Lincoln.

The drawings include some by Admiral David Porter, who is probably the author and illustrator of the satirical volume. The photographs include one of a woman, perhaps Virginia Woodbury Fox, alone, and with members of her family; as well as an unidentified older African-American woman.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 7 Letters to and from distinguished men
1823-1841, undated
Box: 18 Folder : 8 Invitations, passes, cards
1861-1878
Box: 18 Folder : 9 Invitations, passes, cards
[1860s]
Box: 18 Folder : 10 Satirical account of cut-off engines aboard U.S.S. Richmond and  Pensacola: "The experiences of a poor devil with the concatenations of curtailing cut off or Uncle Sam paying dearly for his steam whistle - how our money goes"
[1860s]
Box: 19 Folder : 1 Drawings and caricatures: David D. Porter
1862, 1883
Box: 19 Folder : 2 Engraved signature copperplates
[1860s]
Box: 19 Folder : 3 Photographs
[1860s], 1872
Box: 19 Folder : 4 Drawings, cards
1872, undated
Box: 19 Folder : 5 Menu: Levi Woodbury 70th birthday
1890 May 22
Box: 19 Folder : 6 Pennant: 1st Louisiana Artillery
Undated
Box: 19 Folder : 7 Invitation cards for Farragut celebration
Undated

Subseries VI. Printed materials and clippings (1850-1883)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes publications and other printed information as well as newspaper clippings on the Woodbury family, and on Fox's areas of interest and related to his writings. Some of the commercial printed materials appear to have been collected randomly. The scrapbook pages are leaves from other books onto which clippings have been glued. The document on "small Vessels in which I have been concerned" is anonymous but appears to be written by Robert Bennett Forbes, based on the ships listed. One document is in Chinese and may be the guest list for an event Fox attended.

Arrangement

The materials are arranged chronologically. The bundled clippings were originally stored separately; some of the other subject-related clippings were originally in other series and have been gathered together here. Some of the clippings were grouped by subject and others by time period; their original arrangement has been retained.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 19 Folder : 8 Woodbury family: Isaac O. Barnes oration, Montgomery Blair obituary, petition of Levi Woodbury heirs
1850, 1882, 1883
Box: 19 Folder : 9 Bonds: Florida Railroad Company, and others; Confederate currency
1856-1863
Box: 19 Folder : 10 Congressional publications
1861, 1884
Box: 19 Folder : 11 "Specifications and Plans: U.S. Iron-plated steam batteries"
1862 April
Box: 19 Folder : 12 Information on Monitor
1862-1868
Box: 19 Folder : 13 Newspaper clippings
1862-1880
Box: 19 Folder : 14 Newspaper clippings
1862-1880
Box: 19 Folder : 15 "Sketch showing the position of the compass station in Delaware River..."
1864
Box: 19 Folder : 16 Commercial printed materials
1865, 1871, 1878, 1916, undated
Box: 19 Folder : 17 Southwest Pacific Railroad: printed materials
1866-1881
Box: 19 Folder : 18 Southwest Pacific Railroad: clippings
1867-1868
Box: 19 Folder : 19 Atlantic and Pacific Railroad: printed materials
1867-1876
Box: 19 Folder : 20 Atlantic and Pacific Railroad clippings
1868-1871
Box: 19 Folder : 21 "Remarks of John Amory Lowell at the semi-centennial anniversary of the incorporation of Lowell, March 1, 1876"
1876 March 1
Box: 19 Folder : 22 Stewart-Meissonier letters about paintings
1876
Box: 19 Folder : 23 "Hon. Montgomery Blair's letter on the presidency"
1876
Box: 19 Folder : 24 Campaign materials: Tilden vs. Hayes
1876
Box: 19 Folder : 25 Bundled clippings
1878-1883
Box: 20 Folder : 1 Bundled clippings "Miscellaneous"
1879-1882
Box: 20 Folder : 2 Bundled clippings
1879-1883
Box: 20 Folder : 3 Bundled clippings "Political"
1880-1881
Box: 20 Folder : 4 Clippings scrapbook pages
1878, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 5 Bound clippings
1880
Box: 20 Folder : 6 "Census bulletin no. 302," "Forestry bulletin no. 23"
1880, 1883
Box: 20 Folder : 7 Columbus Landing: Background, reviews
1881, 1882, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 8 G.V. Fox letter: Orphanage of St. John's Parish
1883
Box: 20 Folder : 9 Newspaper clippings
undated
Box: 20 Folder : 10 "Notes in regard to the voyages of small vessels in which I have been concerned" [Robert Bennett Forbes?]
Undated
Box: 20 Folder : 11 Printed page in Chinese
undated
Box: OS 1 Folder : 7 Statistical statement relating to South West Pacific Rail Road - Its lands, conditions and prospects
1864 October 14
Box: OS 2 Folder : 7 Plan for U.S. Steam battery
1868

Subseries VII. Virginia L. Woodbury Fox papers (1850-1896)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes letters sent (both originals and drafts) and received by Virginia Woodbury Fox, with recipients including her husband and other family members, as well as officials of St. John's Church in Washington, DC. After her husband's death, she donated land on which the Church erected an orphanage, with a plaque commemorating Gustavus Vasa Fox. Notes in her hand indicate that she destroyed much of her correspondence to her husband. Among those letters saved, and specifically marked, is that of July 20, 1863, describing the Draft Riots in New York City. Other highlights include a note (c. 1862) from Mary Lincoln and a separated envelope from President Abraham Lincoln.

Biographical Note

Virginia Lafayette Woodbury (1821-1908) was the daughter of Levi and Elizabeth Clapp Woodbury. She married Gustavus Vasa Fox in 1855; they had no children. Her sister, Mary Elizabeth, married Montgomery Blair and their children included Montgomery Blair, who was the Foxes' heir.

Arrangement

Some of Virginia Woodbury Fox's letters to her husband are filed with his letters received in Subseries I. Correspondence. Others are included here with her family's papers: she appears to have retrieved them from her husband's papers and specifically organized them here herself.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 20 Folder : 12 Letters sent: family
1850-1861
Box: 20 Folder : 13 Letters sent: family
1863-1865
Box: 20 Folder : 14 Letters sent: Gustavus Vasa Fox
1863-1864
Box: 20 Folder : 15 Letters sent: family
1870-1877, [1880s]
Box: 20 Folder : 16 Letters sent: St. John's Church orphanage, Washington DC
1885-1889
Box: 20 Folder : 17 Letters sent
1891-1897
Box: 20 Folder : 18 Letters received
1860-1875
Box: 20 Folder : 19 Letters received
1880-1888
Box: 20 Folder : 20 Letters received: St. John's Church orphanage, Washington DC
[1880s]
Box: 20 Folder : 21 Letters received
1891-1896

Subseries VIII. Woodbury and Fox family papers (1832-1879)

Scope and Content

The subseries includes correspondence and personal papers of members of the Woodbury and Fox family, including Virginia Woodbury Fox's father Levi and uncle Isaac O. Barnes. Levi Woodbury's letters received include those signed by Presidents Andrew Jackson (1835) and James Buchanan (1847) and by Senator Thomas Hart Benton (1851). The letters received are originals; the letters sent are letterpress copies, some of which are difficult to read. Most of the Barnes letters were in alphabetical order, which has been retained; the 1850-1851 letters were originally in the Levi Woodbury correspondence and have been moved here with their original order retained.

Biographical Note

Levi Woodbury (1789-1851) served as Secretary of the Navy (1831-1834), Secretary of the Treasury (1834-1841), United States senator (1841-1845), and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1845-1851). The bulk of his and other Woodbury family papers are now in the Library of Congress. Levi Woodbury's sister Hannah (b. 1800) was married to Isaac O. Barnes (b. 1798). Gustavus Vasa Fox served as executor of Barnes's will. The materials give no indication of William Bowes Bradford's relation to the Woodbury family; G.W.M. Guild appears to have been a nephew of Fox's.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 21 Folder : 1 Levi Woodbury: Letters sent
1832-1845
Box: 21 Folder : 2 Levi Woodbury: Letters received
1832-1851, undated
Box: 21 Folder : 3 William Bowes Bradford: will
1835
Box: 21 Folder : 4 Isaac O. Barnes: Diary and memoranda
1838
Box: 21 Folder : 5 Isaac O. Barnes: Letters received
1850, 1851
Box: 21 Folder : 6 Isaac O. Barnes: Letters received, A-W
1849-1856
Box: 21 Folder : 7 Isaac O. Barnes: Estate-related correspondence, documents
1863-1866
Box: 21 Folder : 8 G.W. M. Guild: Navy application and recommendations
1877-1879

Subseries IX. Archival and filing records (1862-1919)

Scope and Content

Some correspondence in Subseries I was originally folded and then bundled in stacks between wooden boards, probably for storage in pigeonholes within a desk or cabinet. On the boards was written the content and date range of the stacked documents. A few were retained with the collection and are included here. This subseries also includes Virginia Woodbury Fox's notes regarding decisions she made about her husband's papers.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 21 Folder : 9 Filing boards: Press copies of private letters
1862 A-Z
Box: 21 Folder : 10 Filing boards: G.V. Fox Unofficial
1862 L-W
Box: 21 Folder : 11 Filing boards
1863 A-Z
Box: 21 Folder : 12 Archives processing notes
1902, 1919

Subseries X. Bound Volumes (1838-1919)

Scope and Content

The bound volumes include Fox's letters (many to his future wife's uncle and aunt, Isaac O. and Hannah Woodbury Barnes) and journals from cruises on various vessels, a scrapbook about him collected by Virginia Woodbury Fox, a scrapbook of clippings created by a Blair or Fox family member, household accounts and records of the Foxes' stock and property holdings, two letter books (one containing letter press and one carbon copies), a writing portfolio that was a gift from Levi Woodbury, a relief map of New Hampshire's White Mountains, and the edited editions of Fox's correspondence published by the Naval History Society.

Virginia Woodbury Fox's notes in Volume 1 indicate that she erased or deleted various sections that she deemed to be "too personal." Her note in her scrapbook documents its importance to her and to any future biographer of her husband.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 Letters, Cruise to China and Russia
1838-1851
Volume: 2 "Scrapbook of newspaper clippings concerning Gustavus Vasa Fox, collected by his wife, Virginia L.W. Fox"
1852-1903
Volume: 3 "Household Account Book, Expenses in Lawrence/ Expenses in Lowell/ Expenses in Boston"
1855-1876
Volume: 4 Property Book: Stocks and bonds held by Fox, and Virginia L. Woodbury before and after their marriage
1855-1882
Volume: 5 Diary, Russia
1866 June - December
Volume: 6 Letter book
1869-1878
Volume: 7 Scrapbook of newspaper clippings
[1860s]
Volume: 8 Letter book
1878-1879
Volume: 9 Scrapbook of clippings: "Matrimony and its happy results; Chronique scandaleuse"
[1870s]
Volume: 10 Relief Map of the White Mountains, New Hampshire
[1870s]
Volume: 11 Leather writing portfolio
Undated
Volume: 12 "Confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1861-1865, edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, Vol. I. New York: Naval History Society"
1918
Volume: 13 "Confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1861-1865, edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, Vol. I. New York: Naval History Society"
1918
Volume: 14 "Confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1861-1865, edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, Vol. II. New York: Naval History Society"
1919
Volume: 15 "Confidential correspondence of Gustavus V. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1861-1865, edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright, Vol. II. New York: Naval History Society"
1919

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