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Guide to the Records of the American Defense Society
1915-1942
(bulk 1918-1920; 1935-1939)
  MS 14

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


@ 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Melissa Haley

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on October 19, 2011
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: American Defense Society Records
Dates: 1915-1942 (bulk 1918-1920; 1935-1939)
Abstract: This collection documents the views, aims, and internal workings of the American Defense Society, an early twentieth-century nationalist organization, based in New York City. The material dates from 1915 to 1942, and concerns many of the political, ideological, religious, and social debates and events of the time period. Nearly half of the American Defense Society Records consists of correspondence, including incoming and copies of outgoing letters, as well as internal communications among board members, officers, and members. In addition, the collection contains much printed material, some of which were published by the society. Also included is material that documents the society's internal organization, and newspaper clippings collected by ADS.
Quantity: 9.25 Linear feet (22 boxes)
Location note: Manuscript cage
Call Phrase: MS 14

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Historical Note

1915 The American Defense Society, Inc. (ADS) is founded in New York City, in response to the sinking of the Lusitania, as a national "aggressive, non-partisan society having for its sole object the 'adequate national defense of the United States of America.'" ["The American Defense Society: History, Purpose and Accomplishments," 1918] Its board members and officers include prominent local businessmen and professionals. Theodore Roosevelt serves on the Advisory Board, and is later named Honorary President.
1916-1918 ADS advocates, among other policies, universal military service for American males, the suppression of "treasonable orators" and newspapers, the abolition of the teaching of German and the publication of German newspapers in the U.S., the unconditional surrender of Germany, and a boycott of German goods.
1917 Nov. 2 Anti-Disloyalty mass meeting is held at Carnegie Hall, where ADS calls for the expulsion of Robert LaFollette from the Senate and condemns William Randolph Hearst as a traitor.
1918 June New York attorney Charles Stewart Davison becomes Chairman of the Board of Trustees.
1918 ADS opposes "Pro-Germans, Socialists, Pacifists, Anti-Militarists, Conscientious Objectors, Anarchists, I.W.W.'s, so-called Friends of Irish Freedom and other organizations." [ADS "Hand Book," 1918]
1918 ADS forms Vigilance Corps around the U.S., whose purpose is to register "Alien Enemies, Pro-Germans, and Disloyal Americans."
[1918] ADS committees include Anti-Disloyalty Committee, Teachers Loyalty Committee.
1919 Honorary ADS President Theodore Roosevelt issues what would be his last public statement, "Keep up the Fight for Americanism," for an ADS mass meeting. The society inaugurates a campaign to distribute portraits of Roosevelt to organizations and schools throughout the U.S.
1920 ADS endorses Warren G. Harding for president, ending its claim to non-partisanship.
1920 Aug. Davison resigns as Chairman of Board, remains in ADS as an Honorary Chairman; Elon Huntington Hooker, head of Hooker Chemical Company, is nominated chairman.
[1920] ADS distributes pamphlets entitled "Protocols and World Revolution," that reference the anti-Semitic publication "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion."
1922 ADS campaigns include bringing Herrin Massacre participants to justice (for the murders of strikebreakers), and increasing congressional appropriation for defense.
1923 ADS holds two immigration restriction conferences; other campaigns include aviation awareness, and distribution of copies of the Constitution.
1924 ADS publishes Reds in America.
1926 A dispute with the ACLU involves pacifist organizations holding meetings in NYC public schools.
1924-1929 ADS continues its Constitution distribution campaign, advocating preparedness, discussing immigration, opposing pacifism and radicalism, and distributing Theodore Roosevelt portraits.
1929-1935 Activities are curtailed, the society suffers from financial troubles. ADS focuses on "an aggressive opposition to revolutionary activities," and anti-communism.
1930 Charles Stewart Davison and ADS trustee Madison Grant publish The Alien in Our Midst, or "Selling Our Birthright for a Mess of Pottage": The Written Views of a Number of Americans (Present and Former) on Immigration and Its Results (not an ADS publication).
1935 Efforts are made to reinvigorate ADS.
1937 ADS campaigns include opposition to FDR's Supreme Court expansion proposal.
1938 Death of board chairman Elon Huntington Hooker.
1942 Nov. Death of Charles Stewart Davison.
1942-1956 ADS presumably continues, is last listed in New York City directories in 1956.

Addresses in New York:

19[15]- Nov. 1, 1917: 303 Fifth Ave.
Nov. 1, 1917- [1918]: 44 E. 23rd St.
[1919-1920]: 1133 Broadway
[1920-1923]: 116 E. 24th St.
[1925-1937]: 154 Nassau St.
[1937-19??]: 225 Fifth Ave.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection documents the views, aims, and internal workings of the American Defense Society, an early twentieth-century nationalist organization, based in New York City. The material dates from 1915 to 1942, and concerns many of the political, ideological, religious, and social debates and events of the time period. Popular topics of discussion include the first world war, preparedness, sedition and disloyalty, labor, immigration restriction, the Soviet Union and Bolshevism, socialism, civil liberties, the New Deal, FDR, and Judaism.

Nearly half of the American Defense Society Records consists of correspondenceâ??incoming and copies of outgoing letters, as well as internal communications among board members, officers, and members. In addition, the collection contains much printed material, especially pamphlets, periodicals, circulars, and newsletters, some of which were published by the society. Also included is material that documents the society's internal organization, such as meeting minutes, resolutions, committee lists, and financial records. Newspaper clippings collected by ADS concern topics of interest to the society and detail some of its activities.

Please take care when using this collection. Much of the material, such as outgoing copies of correspondence, is on brittle newsprint paper.

Arrangement

Within each series, material is arranged, for the most part, in chronological order.

The American Defense Society Records are arranged into the following four series:

  1. Series I. Correspondence, 1916-1942
  2. Series II. Organizational Material, 1917-1941
  3. Series III. Printed Material, 1915-1942
  4. Series IV. Newspaper Clippings, 1917-1938, undated

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Davison, Charles Stewart, 1855-1942
  • Grant, Madison, 1865-1937
  • Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923
  • Hearst, William Randolph, 1863-1951
  • Hooker, Elon Huntington, 1869-1938
  • Mooney, Thomas J., 1882-1942
  • Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Document Type

  • Annual reports.
  • Clippings.
  • Correspondence.
  • Ephemera.
  • Financial records.
  • Leaflets.
  • Minutes.
  • Pamphlets.
  • Photographs.
  • Posters.
  • Press releases.
  • Programs.

Subject Organizations

  • Industrial Workers of the World

Subject Topics

  • Aliens--United States
  • Anti-communist movements--United States
  • Anti-Jewish propaganda
  • Conservatism--United States
  • Immigration opponents--United States
  • Internal security--United States
  • Nativism
  • Nativistic movements--United States
  • Patriotic societies--United States
  • Protocols of the wise men of Zion
  • Radicalism--United States
  • World War, 1914-1918

Subject Places

  • United States--Emigration and immigration
  • United States--Politics and government--20th century

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Administrative Information

Provenance

Donation, Charles Stewart Davison, 1942

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. (Researchers may not accrue unused copy amounts from previous days.)

Use Restrictions

Permission to quote from this collection in a publication must be requested and granted in writing. Send permission requests, citing the name of the collection from which you wish to quote, to

Library Director
The New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as the American Defense Society Records, The New-York Historical Society.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

The Library has pamphlets published by ADS, and not found in this collection. See:

  • "The American Defense Society: Its Aims, Its History, Its Officers," 1941
  • William Guggenheim, "Peace Reflections: The Waning Day - The New Dawn" [1919]

The Library also has:

  • William T. Hornaday, Awake! America: Object Lessons and Warnings (NY, 1918); published under the auspices of ADS
  • Madison Grant and Charles Stewart Davison, eds., The Founders of the Republic on Immigration Naturalization and Aliens (NY, 1928)
  • Charles Stewart Davison, "The Lusitania Murders and The Responsibilities of Presidents" (NY?, 1915)

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Container List

Series I. Correspondence, 1916-1942

Scope and Contents note

This series is arranged chronologically and includes incoming, copies of outgoing, and internal ADS correspondence (among board members, officers, and members). Also included are letters to and from Charles Stewart Davison that do not deal directly with ADS.

In general, attachments were kept with their respective correspondence. However, original ADS organizational material attached to letters, such as meeting minutes, resolutions, and financial reports, was removed to Series II, and a preservation photocopy was filed in its place. Newspaper clippings were also copied, and removed to Series IV.

Letters from 1916 to 1917 deal with World War I, ADS meetings and internal society matters, and politics. There are also numerous responses to ADS's "ten proposals" from business leagues, leaders, retail associations and chambers of commerce around the country.

Topics in correspondence from 1918 include the case of Thomas Mooney (the labor activist accused of bombing a patriotic march), the I.W.W., 'subversive' meetings, conditions in the U.S. Army (sickness, pay), William Randolph Hearst (his disloyalty), the ADS campaign/boycott against German goods and the teaching of German in schools, German atrocities, the impending post-war settlement with Germany ("unconditional surrender"), the situation in Russia, sedition and disloyalty, and immigration restriction. Internal correspondence discusses ADS proposals and operational matters including events, aims, salaries, campaigns, finances, and the women's committee. Also included are correspondence from the DC bureau of ADS, correspondence with artist Edwin Howland Blashfield regarding his stamp design for the society, and letters from members of congress. One set of correspondence with the Auburn Bureau, filed together in a report, deals with an ADS editorial and a threat of libel suit.

Topics from 1919 include the post-war future of ADS, the death of Theodore Roosevelt, the Citizens Committee of Welcome for U.S. soldiers, immigration restriction, labor, socialism, Bolshevism, and William Randolph Hearst.

1920 correspondence discusses the future of ADS and its financial troubles, Bolshevism, subversive behavior, immigration, labor strikes, the situation in Ireland, internal ADS matters such as meetings, finances, and campaigns i.e. Roosevelt portraits, lawsuits, the distribution of "Protocols and World Revolution," and personal matters of staff members. Numerous letters from members concern the 1920 presidential election and the society's support of candidate Warren G. Harding.

Topics in correspondence from 1921-1928 include the Mooney case, socialism in American colleges and student radicals, post-war Germany, Sinn Fein, Bolshevism, the AFL and unions, 'red and pink organizations,' the 1922 Herrin massacre, the "Protocols," Hearst, world politics, immigration and labor, the 'youth movement,' the Soviet Union and communism, race and crime, aviation, the ACLU, Judaism, Catholicism, and the presidential candidacy of Al Smith. Immigration restriction is a prominent topic of discussion from 1923-1928. Letters also deal with internal ADS matters including the street speaking campaign, the society's debt and financial difficulties, and libel suits against ADS.

Correspondence from 1929 to 1934 concerns ADS debt and finances, distribution of anti-communist pamphlets, the Socialist party, and Davison's legal matters.

Topics from 1935 to 1942 include the revival and reorganization of ADS, the society's debt and first meetings, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, immigration, FDR's putative Jewish lineage, congressional bills, Judaism and Jews, the 1936 and 1940 elections, the 1937 Supreme Court controversy, communism, foreign affairs, Soviet matters, the US government, religion, financial theories and banking, the House Un-American Activities Committee, US involvement in the WW II, strikes, grand juries, and national defense. Much of the material for these years is Charles Stewart Davison's letters to editors and senators about world politics or correspondence of Davison that does not deal directly with ADS.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1916 June-1917 Oct.
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1917 Nov.
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1917 Dec.
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1918 Jan.-Feb.
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1918 Mar.-Apr.
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1918 May
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1918 June
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1918 July 1-11
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1918 July 12-26
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1918 July 27-31
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1918 Aug. 1-13
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1918 Aug. 14-24
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1918 Aug. 26-31
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1918 Sept. 1-9
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1918 Sept. 10-16
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1918 Sept. 17-21
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1918 Sept. 22-31 [sic]
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1918 Oct. 1-9
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1918 Oct. 10-15
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1918 Oct. 16-19
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1918 Oct. 20-23
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1918 Oct. 24-31
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Correspondence (with Auburn Bureau)
1918 Aug.-Oct.
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1918 Nov. 1-8
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1918 Nov. 9-15
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1918 Nov. 16-30
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1918 Dec.
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1919 Jan. 1-9
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1919 Jan. 10-16
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1919 Jan. 17-23
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1919 Jan. 24-31; Feb.-Mar
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1919 Apr.-June
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1919 July-Aug. 2
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1919 Aug. 4-Sept.
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1919 Oct.-Nov.
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1919 Dec.
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1920 Jan.-Feb.
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1920 Mar.
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1920 Apr.
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1920 May
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1920 June
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1920 July
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1920 Aug.
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1920 Sept. 1-14
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1920 Sept. 15-30
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1920 Oct.
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1920 Nov.
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1920 Dec.
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1921 Jan.
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1921 Feb.
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1921 Mar.
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1921 Apr.
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1921 May-June
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1921 July-Sept.
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1921 Oct.-Dec.
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1922 Jan.-May
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1922 June-July
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Correspondence
1922 Aug.-Dec.
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1923 Jan.-Feb.
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1923 Mar.-June
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1923 Aug.-Dec.
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1924 Jan.-June
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1924 July-Dec.
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Correspondence
[1919-1924]
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1925
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1926
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1927
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1928
Box: 7 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1929
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1930
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1931
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1932
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1933-1934
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1935 Jan.-Sept.
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1935 Oct.-Dec.
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1936
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Correspondence
1937 Jan.-June
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Correspondence
1937 July-Dec.
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Correspondence
1938 Jan.-Mar.
Box: 8 Folder : 11 Correspondence
1938 Apr.
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1938 May-July
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1938 Aug.-Dec.
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1939
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1940
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1941
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1942
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Loose envelopes

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Series II. Organizational Material, 1917-1941

Scope and Contents note

This series contains material that documents the daily operations of ADS including board and committee meeting minutes, schedules, programs, and notices; resolutions, proposals, editorials, press releases (often multiple drafts of); committee member and candidate lists; reports from outside sources on various topics; "operators reports" (purportedly inside information on subversive activities, personages and meetings); legal material; financial material (statements, receipts, reports); notes; memos; phone messages; calling and business cards, addresses, and photographs.

Organizational material is arranged chronologically. Financial material, phone message slips, calling and business cards, and address slips are filed separately. Attachments were kept with material, usually memorandums; newspaper clippings were photocopied and moved to Series IV.

Included in this series are three photographs of a woman, presumably an ADS Women's Committee member, soliciting signatures on a petition against the German press ([1918]). An additional photograph depicts what appears to be a mural of FDR and other individuals from the 1930s.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Organizational Material
1917
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Organizational Material
1918 Jan.-June
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Organizational Material
1918 July-Oct.
Box: 9 Folder : 11 Organizational Material
1918 Nov.-Dec.
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Organizational Material
[1918]
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Organizational Material
[1918]
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Organizational Material
1919
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Organizational Material
[1919]
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Organizational Material: Financial Records
1917-1919
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Organizational Material: Notes
[1917-1919]
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Organizational Material: Calling and Business Cards/Address Slips
1917-1919
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Organizational Material: Phone Message Slips
1917-1919
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Organizational Material: Photographs
[1918]
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Organizational Material
1920 Jan.-Aug.
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Organizational Material
1920 Sept.-Dec.
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Organizational Material
1921 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 10 Folder : 13 Organizational Material
1921 May-Dec.
Box: 10 Folder : 14 Organizational Material
1922
Box: 10 Folder : 15 Organizational Material
1923 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Organizational Material
1923 May-Dec.
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Organizational Material
1924
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Organizational Material
[1920-1924]
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Organizational Material
1925-1927
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Organizational Material
[1920-1927]
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Organizational Material: Financial Records
1920-1925
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Organizational Material: Calling and Business Cards
1920-1925
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Organizational Material: Phone Message Slips
1920-1928
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Organizational Material
1931-1935
Box: 11 Folder : 10 Organizational Material
1936-1937
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Organizational Material
1938-1941
Box: 11 Folder : 12 Organizational Material
[1930-1939]
Box: 11 Folder : 13 Organizational Material: Financial Records
1930-1939
Box: 11 Folder : 14 Organizational Material: Phone Message Slips/Calling and Business Cards
1930-1939
Box: 11 Folder : 15 Organizational Material: Photograph
[1930s]
Box: 11 Folder : 16 Organizational Material: Fragments/Blank Pages
Undated

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Series III. Printed Material, 1915-1942

Scope and Contents note

This series contains printed material, including printed items not clearly attached to correspondence.

Subseries 1. Printed Material: ADS, 1916-1942

Scope and Contents note

Contains printed material of ADS such as annual reports/programs, circulars, pamphlets, mailings, handbooks, booklets, press releases, newsletters, programs, ephemera, ads for publications, and one poster. Topics include WW I (German war crimes, Turkey, peace terms, disease in the army), alien socialism, Russia, Bolshevism, immigration, sedition, communism, the ACLU, labor, 'Americanism.' ADS annual reports include detailed lists of material distributed each year.

Included in this series are copies of the ADS Handbook and "The American Defense Society: History, Purpose and Accomplishments" (both 1918).

Ephemera includes tickets, invites, notices, and programs for ADS meetings and dinners; also advertisements for ADS publications.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Printed Material: ADS, Annual Reports/Programs
1919, 1922-1929, 1937-1939, 1941-1942
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Printed Material: ADS
1916-1917
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Printed Material: ADS; Circulars, Pamphlets, Mailings
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Printed Material: ADS; Handbooks, History, Vigilance Corps.
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Printed Material: ADS; Booklets, various topics
1918, [1918]
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Printed Material: ADS; Booklets, various topics
1918, [1918]
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Printed Material: ADS, Publication Samples
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 8 Printed Material: ADS, Press Releases
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Printed Material: ADS
1919
Box: 12 Folder : 10 Printed Material: ADS, American Defense newsletter
1919
Box: 12 Folder : 11 Printed Material: ADS, Programs for American Defense Week, "American Day" meeting
1917, 1919
Box: 12 Folder : 12 Printed Material: ADS
1920-1921
Box: 13 Folder : 1 Printed Material: ADS
1922-1924
Box: 13 Folder : 2 Printed Material: ADS, Press Releases
1924
Box: 13 Folder : 3 Printed Material: ADS
1925-1928
Box: 13 Folder : 4 Printed Material: ADS
1937-1942
Box: 13 Folder : 5 Printed Material: ADS, Ephemera
1917-1919, 1924, 1937-1939
Box: 13 Folder : 6 Printed Material: ADS, Promotional Poster
[1920]
Box: 13 Folder : 7 Printed Material: ADS
Undated
Subseries 2. Printed Material: Outside Sources

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains newsletters, printed speeches, pamphlets, reprints, poetry, publications, lectures, leaflets, ephemera and posters from a variety of individuals and organizations. Also included are copies of various periodicals. While the majority of this material shares a similar viewpoint with ADS, the society also acquired publications of groups it opposed, i.e. the Communist Party, and anarchists.

Printed material from 1915-18 deals with World War I, the post-war settlement with Germany, Bolshevism, Russia, and the Thomas Mooney case. Material from 1919 to 1923 concerns Bolshevism, Russia, Germany, crime, communism, labor unions, the I.W.W., Ireland, congressional bills, Henry Ford and Judaism, the Herrin massacre, and immigration. Included are copies of Soviet Russia, "The Woman Patriot,"  The Rebel Worker,  The Gentile Tribune, and the  Liberator.

From 1924 to 1929, topics include crime and criminology, congressional bills, eugenics, fascism, communism in Mexico, socialism, Soviet Union, Bolshevism, religion, and politics (LaFollette, Al Smith). Periodicals include numerous copies of the Congressional Record,  The American Standard, and newsletters from the Better America Federation of California.

Material from 1930 to 1942 concerns Soviet Union/Soviet recognition, communism, Judaism, the New Deal, FDR, banking, investments, the economy, Mexico, socialism, elections, the Supreme Court, traffic accidents, immigration, Japan, world events and the war in Europe, and democracy. Periodicals include The Patriot,  The Awakener,  Moscow News,  Free Press,  The Fellowship Forum,  National Republic, and the "Kiplinger Washington Letter." There are numerous newsletters from Robert Edmondson regarding Judaism, Jews in the US, Bolshevism, and a libel case against him (1934-1937), with titles such as "Capitalist-Jews Backing Communists?".

Also included in this subseries are several posters, most regarding labor, and sedition. Ephemera includes programs, invitations, and tickets for various organizations' events; also advertisements for publications.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 8 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1915-1917 Sept.
Box: 13 Folder : 9 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1917 Oct.-Dec.
Box: 13 Folder : 10 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1918 Jan.-June
Box: 13 Folder : 11 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1918 July-Sept.
Box: 13 Folder : 12 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1918 Oct. 1-14
Box: 14 Folder : 1 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1918 Oct. 15-Nov.
Box: 14 Folder : 2 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1918 Dec., [1918]
Box: 14 Folder : 3 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1919 Jan.-Sept.
Box: 14 Folder : 4 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1919 Oct.-Dec.
Box: 14 Folder : 5 Printed Material: Outside Sources, Posters
1919
Box: 14 Folder : 6 Printed Material: Outside Sources, National Security League Handbook
1919
Box: 14 Folder : 7 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1920 Jan.-Mar.
Box: 14 Folder : 8 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1920 May-Dec.
Box: 14 Folder : 9 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1921
Box: 15 Folder : 1 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1922 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 15 Folder : 2 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1922 May-Dec.
Box: 15 Folder : 3 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1922]
Box: 15 Folder : 4 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1920-1922]
Box: 15 Folder : 5 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1923
Box: 15 Folder : 6 Printed Material: Outside Sources, Posters
1920-1923
Box: 15 Folder : 7 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1924
Box: 15 Folder : 8 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1925
Box: 15 Folder : 9 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1926 Jan.-June
Box: 15 Folder : 10 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1926 July-Oct.
Box: 16 Folder : 1 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1926 Nov.-Dec.
Box: 16 Folder : 2 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1927-1929
Box: 16 Folder : 3 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1930-1932 Apr.
Box: 16 Folder : 4 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1932 May-1933
Box: 16 Folder : 5 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1934 Jan.-Aug.
Box: 16 Folder : 6 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1934 May
Box: 16 Folder : 7 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1934 Sept.-Oct.
Box: 16 Folder : 8 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1934 Nov.
Box: 16 Folder : 9 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1934 Dec.
Box: 16 Folder : 10 Printed Material: Outside Sources, An Ultramodern Oligarchic Manifesto
1934
Box: 17 Folder : 1 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1935 Jan.-Mar.
Box: 17 Folder : 2 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1935 Apr.-May 14
Box: 17 Folder : 3 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1935 May 15-June
Box: 17 Folder : 4 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1935 July-Sept.
Box: 17 Folder : 5 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1935 Oct.-Dec.
Box: 17 Folder : 6 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1935
Box: 17 Folder : 7 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1935]
Box: 17 Folder : 8 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1936 Jan.
Box: 17 Folder : 9 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1936 Feb.
Box: 17 Folder : 10 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1936 Mar.
Box: 17 Folder : 11 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1936 Apr.
Box: 18 Folder : 1 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1936 May-July
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1936 Aug.-Dec.
Box: 18 Folder : 3 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1936
Box: 18 Folder : 4 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1936]
Box: 18 Folder : 5 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1937 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 18 Folder : 6 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1937 May-Oct.
Box: 18 Folder : 7 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1937 Nov.-Dec.
Box: 18 Folder : 8 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1937]
Box: 18 Folder : 9 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1938 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 18 Folder : 10 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1938 May-July
Box: 19 Folder : 1 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1938 Aug.-Oct.
Box: 19 Folder : 2 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1938 Nov.-Dec.; 1938
Box: 19 Folder : 3 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1938]
Box: 19 Folder : 4 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1936-1938]
Box: 19 Folder : 5 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1939 Jan.-Feb.
Box: 19 Folder : 6 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1939 Mar.-June
Box: 19 Folder : 7 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1939 July-Dec.
Box: 19 Folder : 8 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1939
Box: 19 Folder : 9 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1930-1939]
Box: 19 Folder : 10 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1940 Jan.-June
Box: 19 Folder : 11 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1940 July-Dec.
Box: 20 Folder : 1 Printed Material: Outside Sources
1941-1942
Box: 20 Folder : 2 Printed Material: Outside Sources
[1938-1942]
Box: 20 Folder : 3 Printed Material: Outside Sources, Posters
1939-1940
Box: 20 Folder : 4 Printed Material: Outside Sources, Ephemera
1918-1928
Box: 20 Folder : 5 Printed Material: Outside Sources, Ephemera
1935-1939, undated

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Series IV. Newspaper Clippings, 1917-1938, undated

Scope and Contents note

This series contains mostly newspaper clippings collected by ADS. Clippings concern topics of interest to the society, as well as ADS activities. Also included in this series are a few complete editions of daily newspapers.

Clippings are arranged by year. Those that were previously attached to correspondence or memorandums are filed separately. Please note that many of these clippings are brittle.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 20 Folder : 6 Newspaper Clippings, Clippings Copied
1917-1919
Box: 20 Folder : 7 Newspaper Clippings, Clippings Copied
1920-1940
Box: 20 Folder : 8 Newspaper Clippings, Clippings Moved
1918-1927
Box: 20 Folder : 9 Newspaper Clippings
1917-1918
Box: 20 Folder : 10 Newspaper Clippings
1918
Box: 20 Folder : 11 Newspaper Clippings
1918
Box: 20 Folder : 12 Newspaper Clippings
1918
Box: 21 Folder : 1 Newspaper Clippings
1918
Box: 21 Folder : 2 Newspaper Clippings
1918
Box: 21 Folder : 3 Newspaper Clippings
1919
Box: 21 Folder : 4 Newspaper Clippings
1919
Box: 21 Folder : 5 Newspaper Clippings
1919
Box: 21 Folder : 6 Newspaper Clippings
1920
Box: 21 Folder : 7 Newspaper Clippings
1921-1928
Box: 21 Folder : 8 Newspaper Clippings
1932-1935
Box: 22 Folder : 1 Newspaper Clippings
1936-1941
Box: 22 Folder : 2 Newspaper Clippings
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 3 Newspapers
1918-1920
Box: 22 Folder : 4 Newspapers
1921-1938

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