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Guide to the Eugene L. Armbruster Photograph Collection
1894-1939
  PR 81

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Jenny Gotwals

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on February 04, 2016
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: Eugene L. Armbruster Photograph Collection
Dates [inclusive]: 1894-1939
Abstract: New York photographer and local historian born in Baden-Baden, Germany; emigrated to the United States 1882 and lived in Brooklyn, New York. Armbruster photographed historic houses, churches, streetscapes, and buildings throughout New York City, and some of the images he created served to illustrate pamphlets he wrote on the local history of the area. A portion of the Eugene L. Armbruster Photograph Collection has been digitized and can be viewed here.
Quantity: 36.5 Linear feet (Ca. 5,000 black and white gelatin silver prints, 5 x 7 in. or smaller. Ca 3,500 acetate negatives, 3.5 x 4.5 in. 1,400 nitrate negatives, 5 x 7 in. 517 glass negatives, 8 x 10 in. or smaller.)
General Physical Description note: 36.5 linear feet. Ca. 5,000 black and white gelatin silver prints, 5 x 7 in. or smaller. Ca 3,500 acetate negatives, 3.5 x 4.5 in. 1,400 nitrate negatives, 5 x 7 in. 517 glass negatives, 8 x 10 in. or smaller.
Location note: Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections
Call Phrase: PR 81

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Biographical Note

Eugene L. Armbruster (1865 - 1943) was born in Baden-Baden, Germany, and came to the United States in 1882. His first job was with H. Henkel Cigar Box Manufacturing Company, where he continued to work until his retirement in 1920. He lived in Bushwick, Brooklyn, with his wife and two children, Julia and Eugene Jr.

Armbruster took photographs beginning in the late 19th century, but the majority of his work is from the 1910s and 1920s. Around the time of his retirement, Armbruster became interested in local history and began to photograph his environs in earnest, specifically the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens. He took thousands of photographs of historic houses, churches, streetscapes, and buildings throughout New York City and Long Island.

Beginning around 1915, Armbruster wrote for the "Old-Timer" column of the Brooklyn Eagle. He honed his knowledge of local history through reading and extensive walking throughout the streets he was documenting. A majority of his photographs are annotated with historical information. He sought the rural environments linked to the past, turning to the rural counties of Long Island after the towns and neighborhoods of Brooklyn and Queens started growing and modernizing in the early 1920s. From 1914 to 1929, Armbruster published several pamphlets about local history, which he illustrated with his own line drawings, copy photos, and original photographs. In the 1930s, he published three pamphlets on language and its origins, seemingly a new interest.

He was forced to give up photography around 1940 after he developed cataracts on his eyes. He died on September 21, 1943.

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Scope and Content Note

The Eugene L. Armbruster Photograph Collection includes approximately 5,000 black and white gelatin silver prints, approximately 3,500 acetate film negatives; approximately 1,400 nitrate film negatives; four 4 x 5" glass negatives; 235 5 x 7" glass negatives; 230 6.5 x 8.5" glass negatives; and 48 8 x 10" glass negatives.

The collection spans the period from 1894-1939 and contains photographic views of New York State, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New England, and Canada. Most of the photographs show New York City, especially Brooklyn, Queens, and Long Island. These images document many structures that no longer exist, and in some cases may be the only extant photographic record. The collection is arranged into two series based on format: Prints and Negatives. The prints and negatives have not been matched to each other, although there are most likely many corresponding positives and negatives in the collection. Within each series, subseries are arranged by size or material, and thereunder alphabetically by state, and then by. Within New York State, the photos of New York City and Long Island are divided into county and then by neighborhood.

Series I. Prints is divided into the following subseries: Prints: 3.5 x 4.5" (and smaller); Prints: 5 x 7"; and Mounted Prints. Most prints are annotated in some manner on the verso. Some prints have Armbruster's map on the verso, showing the exact location of the building/house. Often he has included historical information on the house or building and in some cases he has added notes such as "still standing 1929."

The majority of photographs were taken after Armbruster's retirement in 1920. Earlier photographs are generally of New York City or nearby counties in New Jersey. With time on his hands, Armbruster traveled out of New York City, and those trips are well documented here. In July, 1925, for example, Armbruster traveled throughout New York State, New England, and Canada. It is notable that these photographs reflect only historic buildings and sites, not family or leisure shots.

Many of the Brooklyn and Queens photos (and all of the 5 x 7" prints) date from 1922. Most of the subjects no longer exist, mainly due to a building boom in the boroughs in the late 1920s. In some cases Armbruster seems to have been aware of demolition plans, and photographed houses for just that reason. The views of Brooklyn are also notable for their almost exclusive focus on historical sites and subjects. Other photographs of the borough from a similar time period often show modern improvements, such as elevated rail tracks, automobiles, industry and skyscrapers. Armbruster organized his Brooklyn photos in groups according to the six original towns in the county: Brooklyn, Bushwick, Flatbush, Flatlands, Gravesend and New Utrecht.

Notable Brooklyn structures pictured include Holland School, Lefferts Farm, and Packer Collegiate Institute. Other commercial buildings shown are grocery stores, engine houses, gymnasiums, banks, hotels, cigar stores, a tollhouse on Flatbush Avenue, florists, and a blacksmith and wheelwright shop.

Brooklyn residences include the homes of the following notable Brooklyn residents: Treadwell Abrams, Wynant Bennett, Fenwick Bergen, Jeremiah Bergen, John L. Bergen; Horace B. Claflin, Samuel Coland, Charles Ekoch, Joseph Fleming, John Franklin, Joseph Golden, Joseph Herrings, John F. James, Horatio King, Johannes Lott, Judge Ganet L. Martense, Henry Evelyn Pierrepont (1808-1888), W. A. Putnam, Derick Remsen, Johannes Remsen, James S. Rockwell, John J. Ryder, John F. Ryerson, John Schenk, Moses Snydaw, David D. Stillwell, Colonel David M. Stone (1817-1895), Charles Strohm, Spencer Trask, Rutgert Joosten Van Brunt, John H. Van Cleef, John L. Van Pelt, John J. Vanderbilt (d. 1842), Daniel D. Whitney, Lionel Wilbur, and Garrett Williams.

Churches in Brooklyn shown include: Central Presbyterian Church, Church of the New Jerusalem, Emanuel Protestant Episcopal Church, First Presbyterian Church, First Unitarian Church of Our Savior, Grace Church, Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church, New Utrecht Reformed Dutch Church, Plymouth Church, Reform Church on the Heights, St. John's Lutheran Church, St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church, and St. Paul's Episcopal Church.

Series II. Negatives is arranged in five subseries: Acetate Film Negatives: 4 x 5"; Nitrate Film Negatives: 5 x 7"; Glass Plate Negatives: 5 x 7" (and smaller); Glass Plate Negatives: 6.5 x 8.5"; and Glass Plate Negatives: 8 x 10".

Negatives are arranged by geographic location, if known, as described above. Subject terms found in the Thesaurus for Graphic Material (Library of Congress: 1995) have been utilized to further organize negatives beyond geographical divisions. Photograph topics fall into the following categories: architectural elements, automobiles, barns, boats, buildings, churches, dams, farmhouses, interiors, landscapes, people, row houses, streets, and windmills.

Featured buildings in Subseries IV: Glass Plate Negatives: 6.5 x 8.5," include: the Abbey Pub, the Brooklyn Bridge, Brooklyn Waterworks, the Bushwick Hospital, Federal Courts Building, Fort Greene Tobacco Works, Mansion House, the Packer Collegiate Institute, and Underhill's Colonnade Buildings (on edge of Brooklyn Heights). Other commercial buildings shown are hotels, a horse-shoeing shop, ferry terminals, flour mills, printing offices, public school, race courses, a saw manufacturer, and several theaters. Among the churches shown are: Bushwick Church, First Reformed Church, Grace Church, New Utrecht Church, Old Assumption Church, Old St. Ann's Protestant Episcopal Church, Plymouth Church, St. James Roman Catholic Church, and St. Mark's Episcopal Church.

Houses shown in Subseries IV include those of: Thomas Bennett; Dewitt Clinton; Seth Low, mayor of Brooklyn and New York City; the Schermerhorn family; the Van Brunt family; and Mayor (of Williamsburgh) William Wall. Other views of interest are: a circular, dated October 1, 1869, announcing the opening of Wechsler and Abraham Clothing Store; the City of Williamsburgh Seal; and an October 3, 1860 Brooklyn survey map.

Arrangement

Within each series, materials are divided by format and by size.

  1. Series I: Prints
  2. Series II: Negatives

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Access Points

Document Type

  • Acetate film
  • Glass negatives
  • Negatives
  • Photographic prints

Subject Places

  • Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
  • Long Island (N.Y.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
  • Nassau County (N.Y.)
  • New England--Pictorial works
  • New York (N.Y.)--Pictorial works
  • Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.)
  • Queens (New York, N.Y.)--Buildings, structures, etc.
  • Suffolk County (N.Y.)

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Administrative Information

Provenance

Purchase, October 21, 1944, November 20, 1944, and February 28, 1945.

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to 30 photocopies per day per person. Suitability of the original for photocopying is at the discretion of the staff. Neither blueprints nor tracings can be copied under any circumstances. Duplication of large-format items will be done by the house photographer. See Print Room guidelines for details.

Use Restrictions

Permission to reproduce any Print Room holdings through publication must be obtained from

Rights and Reproductions
The New-York Historical Society
Two West 77th Street
New York, NY 10024

Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 282
Fax: (212) 579-8794

The copyright law of the United States governs the making of photocopies and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials. Unpublished materials created before January 1, 1978 cannot be quoted in publication without permission of the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Eugene L. Armbruster Photograph Collection, PR 81, Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections, The New-York Historical Society.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

The following 10 pamphlets written and/or published by Armbruster are held in The New-York Historical Society Library:

  • Bruijkleen Colonie. New York, 1918.
  • Coney Island. New York: [Armbruster], 1924.
  • The Eastern district of Brooklyn; with illustrations and maps. New York [Printed by G. Quattlander], 1912.
  • The Ferry road on Long Island. New York [Printed by G. Quattlander], 1919.
  • Long Island landmarks. New York, 1923.
  • The Indians of New England and New Netherland. [Brooklyn, N.Y. : Quattlander], 1918.
  • Marriages of Long Island settlers and allied families. Jamaica, N.Y. : Queens Borough Public Library, 1941.
  • Montauk. New York: [s.n.], c. 1923.
  • The Olympia settlement in early Brooklyn. N.Y. New York, 1929.
  • The Wallabout prison ships. New York, 1920.

The New York Public Library, Brooklyn Historical Society, and Queens Borough Public Library all hold extensive Armbruster photograph and ephemera (pamphlets, scrapbooks, papers) collections.

Separated Material

Subseries II, Nitrate Film Negatives: 5 x 7", has been separated from the rest of the Eugene L. Armbruster Collection. Nitrate negatives are not housed in the Print Room due to potential storage hazards; all nitrate negatives are stored on Floor 14 of the N-YHS Library stacks. Please ask a staff member for assistance with these negatives.

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Container List

Series I: Prints

Scope and Contents note

Series I is divided into the following subseries: Prints: 3.5 x 4.5" (and smaller); Prints: 5 x 7"; and Mounted Prints. Each subseries has been arranged by state, and thereunder by county and town.

New York City prints have been digitized.

Subseries I: Prints: 3.5 x 4.5" (and smaller)

Scope and Contents note

Subseries I is about evenly split between scenes of New England and those of New York. Most of these prints are annotated by Armbruster. Some annotations include supplementary information, such as the population of Hampshire County, Massachusetts. Two small postcard sets ("tour cards") of Philadelphia and Williamsport, Pennsylvania are included.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Connecticut--Fairfield County
1927 Jul.
Box: 1 Connecticut--Hartford County
1926-1927
Box: 1 Connecticut--New Haven County
1927 Jul.
Box: 1 Connecticut--New London County
1923-1927
Box: 1 Maine--Androscan County
1926 Aug.
Box: 1 Maine--Cumberland County
1926 Aug.
Box: 1 Maine--Hancock County
1923
Box: 1 Maine--Knox County
1923
Box: 1 Maine--York County
1926 Aug.
Box: 1 Maine--Unidentified
undated
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Barnstable County
1925 Oct.
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Berkshire County
1925 Jul.
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Essex County
1925-1926
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Franklin County
1928-1935
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Hampton County
1926-1930
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Hampshire County
1925-1929
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Middlesex County
1926-1928
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Suffolk County
1925-1930
Box: 1 Massachusetts--Worcester County
1927-1928
Box: 1 New Hampshire--Belknap County
1929 May
Box: 1 New Hampshire--Carroll County
1926 Aug.
Box: 1 New Hampshire--Cheshire County
1925-1927
Box: 1 New Hampshire--Coos County
1926-1929
Box: 1 New Hampshire--Hillsborough County
1928-1930
Box: 1 New Hampshire--Merrimack County
1926-1929
Box: 1 New Hampshire--Rockingham County
1928-1929
Box: 2 New Hampshire--Strafford County
1929 May
Box: 2 New Hampshire--Sullivan County
1926-1929
Box: 2 New Hampshire--Unidentified
1926-1930
Box: 2 Massachusetts, New Hampshire or Vermont (unidentified)
undated
Box: 2 New Jersey--Bergen County
1894-1925
Box: 2 New Jersey--Essex County
1929 Aug.
Box: 2 New Jersey--Hudson County
1897
Box: 2 New Jersey--Middlesex County
1923 Aug.
Box: 2 New Jersey--Monmouth County
1925 Aug.
Box: 2 New Jersey--Morris County
1929 Aug.
Box: 2 New Jersey--Warren County
1925-1929
Box: 2 New York--Albany County
1926 Jul.
Box: 2 New York--Broome County
1925 Jul.
Box: 2 New York--Bronx County
1923-1924
Box: 2 New York--Clinton County
1925 Jul.
Box: 2 New York--Columbia County
1925 Oct.
Box: 2 New York--Delaware County
1925 Jul.
Box: 2 New York--Dutchess County
1926-1927
Box: 2 New York--Essex County
1925 Jul.
Box: 2 New York--Greene County
1923 Apr.
Box: 2 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Bushwick
1897-1924
Box: 2 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatbush
1895-1926
Box: 2 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatlands
1915-1925
Box: 3 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Gravesend
1922-1928
Box: 3 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--New Lots
1895-1923
Box: 3 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--New Utrecht
1922-1923
Box: 3 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Williamsburg
1907-1924
Box: 3 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Unidentified
1922-1925
Box: 3 New York--Livingston County
1925 Jul.
Box: 3 New York--New York County (Manhattan)--Lower East Side and Greenwich Village
1909-1924
Box: 3 New York--New York County (Manhattan)--Unidentified views
1923-1929
Box: 3 New York--Nassau County--Hempstead
1922-1924
Box: 3 New York--Nassau County--North Hempstead
1922
Box: 3 New York--Nassau County--Oyster Bay
1922-1923
Box: 3 New York--Niagara County
1925 Jul.
Box: 3 New York--Otsego County
1925 Jul.
Box: 3 New York--Onandaga County
1925 Jul.
Box: 4 New York--Orleans County
1925 Jul.
Box: 4 New York--Orange County
1916-1929
Box: 4 New York--Queens County--Flushing
1922-1924
Box: 4 New York--Queens County--Jamaica
1895-1935
Box: 4 New York--Queens County--Newtown
1922-1925
Box: 5 New York--Queens County--Rockaway
1923
Box: 5 New York--Richmond County (Staten Island)
1895-1925
Box: 5 New York--Rockland County
1925-1926
Box: 5 New York--Schuyler County
1925 Jul.
Box: 5 New York--St. Lawrence County
1925 Jul.
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Amagansett
1922-1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Babylon
1924
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Bridgehampton
1923-1924
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Brookhaven
1922-1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--East Hampton
1922-1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Huntington
1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Islip
1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Montauk
1922-1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Sagaponick
1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Shelter Island
1922-1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Smithtown
1922-1923
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Southampton
1922-1924
Box: 5 New York--Suffolk County--Southold
1922-1924
Box: 5 New York--Ulster County
1925
Box: 5 New York--Warren County
1925
Box: 5 New York--Westchester County
1925
Box: 5 New York--Wyoming County
1925
Box: 5 New York--Unidentified
1925
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Berks County
1926 Oct.
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Carbon County
1925 Oct.
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Dauphin County
1925 Oct.
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Lehigh County
1926 Oct.
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Lycoming County
1925 Oct.
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Monroe County
1925-1929
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Northampton County
1925-1929
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Philadelphia County: Philadelphia Tour Cards
undated
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Schuylkill County
1925 Oct.
Box: 6 Pennsylvania--Washington County: Williamsport Tour Cards
undated
Box: 6 Vermont--Bennington County
1927 Jul.
Box: 6 Vermont--Rutland County
1925 Jul.
Box: 6 Vermont--Windham County
1925-1930
Box: 6 Vermont--Windsor County
1926-1927
Box: 6 Vermont--Unidentified
undated
Box: 6 Canada--Greenville-Welland
1925 Jul.
Box: 6 Canada--Jacques Cartier
1925 Jul.
Box: 6 Canada--La Prairie
1925 Jul.
Box: 6 Canada--Lavel
1925 Jul.
Box: 6 Canada--Quebec
1925 Jul.
Box: 6 Canada--St. Johns
1925 Jul.
Box: 6 Canada--Stormant
1925 Jul.
Box: 6 Canada--Welland
1925 Jul.
Subseries II: Prints: 5 x 7"

Scope and Contents note

Subseries II is made up primarily of Brooklyn scenes. The prints are almost all labeled by Armbruster with the names of the original owner of the house, and of the notable people who lived in it; often the exact street address is noted. Armbruster sometimes noted on the back of prints when structures were torn down; most of these semi-rural houses have since been demolished. Neighborhoods (formerly separate towns) are noted, other prints marked "Brooklyn" mainly correspond to downtown Brooklyn and Brooklyn Heights. These prints generally correspond to the 5 x 7" Glass Plate Negatives in Series II, Subseries III, although there are unmatched prints and negatives.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 7 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Brooklyn
1922
Box: 7 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Bushwick
undated
Box: 7 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatbush
1922
Box: 7 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatlands
1898-1922
Box: 7 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Gravesend
1922-1924
Box: 7 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--New Lots
1922
Box: 7 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--New Utrecht
1922
Box: 7 New York--Nassau County--Hempstead
1922
Box: 7 New York--Nassau County--Oyster Bay
1922
Box: 7 New York--New York County (Manhattan)
undated
Box: 7 New York--Queens County--Flushing
1922-1923
Box: 7 New York--Queens County--Newtown
1922-1924
Box: 7 New York--Richmond County (Staten Island)
1925 May
Box: 7 New York--Westchester County
1925 May
Box: 7 Unidentified
undated
Subseries III: Mounted Prints

Scope and Contents note

Box 8 consists of several of the above 5 x 7" prints mounted on board with typed titles. Box 8A contains assorted mounted photographs, including an image of boaters in Prospect Park, a shot of Pierrepont Street in downtown Brooklyn covered in snow, a photo of Midland Beach in Staten Island, Lenox Avenue Bridge, Central Bridge, New York and Putnam Railroad Bridge, and others.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 8 Brooklyn
1921-1923
Box: 8A Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island
undated

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Series II: Negatives

Scope and Contents note

Series II. Negatives is arranged in five subseries: Acetate Film Negatives: 4 x 5"; Nitrate Film Negatives: 5 x 7"; Glass Plate Negatives: 5 x 7" (and smaller); Glass Plate Negatives: 6.5 x 8.5"; and Glass Plate Negatives: 8 x 10".

New York City negatives have been digitized.

Subseries I, Acetate Film Negatives: 4 x 5"

Scope and Contents note

Subseries I is housed in envelopes, which are grouped by geographic region. The number of negatives in each grouping is listed in parentheses after the geographical location. These negatives seem to correspond, however roughly, to groupings of prints in Series I. It is probable that the geographic names found on each envelope were transferred from titles on the original film boxes. These envelopes are numbered; the number seems to correspond to their original physical placement in a cabinet in the N-YHS library stacks.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 9 Connecticut (18)
undated
Box: 9 Maine (72)
undated
Box: 9 Massachusetts (128)
undated
Box: 9 Massachusetts and New Hampshire (174)
undated
Box: 9 New England (419)
undated
Box: 10 New England (54)
undated
Box: 10 New Hampshire (211)
undated
Box: 10 New Jersey (48)
undated
Box: 10 New York (31)
undated
Box: 10 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Brooklyn (146)
undated
Box: 10 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Bushwick (108)
undated
Box: 10 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatbush (88)
undated
Box: 11 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatbush (53)
undated
Box: 11 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatlands (355)
undated
Box: 11 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Gravesend (207)
undated
Box: 11 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--New Lots (73)
undated
Box: 11 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--New Utrecht (77)
undated
Box: 12 New York--Lake Mohegan (50)
undated
Box: 12 New York--Long Island (mixed) (15)
undated
Box: 12 New York--Nassau County--Hempstead (32)
undated
Box: 12 New York--Nassau County--Oyster Bay (1)
undated
Box: 12 New York--New York County (Manhattan) (144)
undated
Box: 12 New York--Orange County--Newburgh (27)
undated
Box: 12 New York--Suffolk County--Brookhaven (347)
undated
Box: 12 New York--Suffolk County--East Hampton (107)
undated
Box: 13 New York--Suffolk County--East Hampton (204)
Box: 13 New York--Suffolk County--Hamptons (86)
undated
Box: 13 New York--Suffolk County--Huntington (16)
undated
Box: 13 New York--Suffolk County--Islip (8)
undated
Box: 13 New York--Suffolk County--Montauk (452)
undated
Box: 14 New York--Suffolk County--Shelter Island (1)
Box: 14 New York--Suffolk County--Southampton (341)
undated
Box: 14 New York--Suffolk County--Southold (21)
undated
Box: 14 New York--Richmond County (Staten Island) (16)
undated
Box: 14 New York--Queens County--Far Rockaway (38)
undated
Box: 14 New York--Queens County--Flushing (324)
undated
Box: 15 New York--Queens County--Flushing (129)
undated
Box: 15 New York--Queens County--Jamaica (407)
undated
Box: 15 New York--Queens County--Long Island City (245)
undated
Box: 16 New York--Queens County--Newtown (840)
undated
Box: 17 New York--Queens County--Newtown (423)
undated
Box: 17 New York--Queens County--Rockaway Peninsula (19)
undated
Box: 17 New York--Westchester County (75)
undated
Box: 17 Pennsylvania (102)
undated
Box: 17 Vermont (47)
undated
Box: 17 Vermont, New Hampshire (41)
undated
Box: 17 Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts (60)
undated
Box: 18 Canada (287)
undated
Box: 18 Unidentified (340)
undated
Box: 19 Unidentified (448)
undated
Box: 19 Deteriorated negatives
undated
Subseries II, Nitrate Film Negatives: 5 x 7"

Scope and Contents note

Subseries II is composed mainly of views of residential houses, including some of Brooklyn row houses. Most of these photographs appear to be on Long Island; many shots show wooden, farm-like houses. The same scene is often shown in several negatives. A churchyard in East Hampton is pictured with an elaborate sepulchre. Windmills are shown for many of the Long Island towns. Several of the negative boxes had Armbruster's notation on the geographical location of negative subjects. The negatives in the boxes which lacked any notation have been arranged by general subject category.

Nitrate negatives were interleaved with acid free paper and stored five to a negative sleeve. Several of the negative boxes had Armbruster's notation on geographical place of negatives. These negatives are grouped by geography after Armbruster's titles (which appear in quotation marks) and then further divided by subject. Many other boxes had no notation. These negatives were arranged by general subject category. Nitrate negatives were assigned box numbers in coordination with other nitrate negatives held by the New-York Historical Society. These negatives are located on Floor 14 in the N-YHS Library Stacks. (See also, Separated Material)

Container 1     Title Date
Box: N26 "Amaganset, Wainscott "--Farms
undated
Box: N26 "Amaganset, Wainscott "--Houses
undated
Box: N26 "Amaganset, Wainscott "--Landscapes
undated
Box: N26 "Amaganset, Wainscott "--Windmills
Box: N26 "East Hampton"--Churches/churchyards
undated
Box: N26 "East Hampton"--Farms
undated
Box: N26 "East Hampton"--Houses
undated
Box: N26 "East Hampton"--Windmills
undated
Box: N26 "Gravesend, New Utrecht, New Lots, Canarsie"
undated
Box: N26 "Huntington-Old House"
undated
Box: N26 "Manhasset -- Roslyn, Little Neck, Dougleston, Alley Road"--Houses
undated
Box: N26 "Manhasset -- Roslyn, Little Neck, Dougleston, Alley Road"--Landscapes
undated
Box: N26 "Manhasset -- Roslyn, Little Neck, Dougleston, Alley Road"--Other
undated
Box: N26 "Melville Alley, Moriches"--Buildings
undated
Box: N26 "Melville Alley, Moriches"--Farmhouses
undated
Box: N27 "Melville Alley, Moriches"--Houses
undated
Box: N27 "Melville Alley, Moriches"--Landscapes
undated
Box: N27 "New York-Brooklyn"--Buildings
undated
Box: N27 "New York-Brooklyn"--Other
undated
Box: N27 "New York-Brooklyn"--Rowhouses
undated
Box: N27 "New York-Brooklyn"--Streets
undated
Box: N27 "New York-Skyline"
undated
Box: N27 "Patchogue, Bell Port, Yaphank, Brookhaven, Middle Is., Selden, Corem"--Architectural elements
undated
Box: N27 "Patchogue, Bell Port, Yaphank, Brookhaven, Middle Is., Selden, Corem"--Houses
undated
Box: N27 "Patchogue, Bell Port, Yaphank, Brookhaven, Middle Is., Selden, Corem"--Landscapes
undated
Box: N27 "Patchogue, Bell Port, Yaphank, Brookhaven, Middle Is., Selden, Corem"--People
undated
Box: N27 "Ryerson"--Houses
undated
Box: N27 "Ryerson"--Interiors
undated
Box: N27 "Stony-Brook, South-Haven, Happauge"--Barns
undated
Box: N28 "Stony-Brook, South-Haven, Happauge"--Houses
undated
Box: N28 "Stony-Brook, South-Haven, Happauge"--Landscapes
undated
Box: N28 "Stony-Brook, South-Haven, Happauge"--Other
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location---Architectural elements
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location--Barns
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location--Boats
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location--Buildings
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location--Cars
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location--Churches
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location--Dams
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location--Farmhouses
undated
Box: N28 Unidentified location--Houses
undated
Box: N29 Unidentified location--Houses
undated
Box: N30 Unidentified location--Houses
undated
Box: N31 Unidentified location--Houses
undated
Box: N31 Unidentified location--Interiors
undated
Box: N31 Unidentified location--Landscapes
undated
Box: N31 Unidentified location--Other
undated
Box: N31 Unidentified location--People
undated
Box: N31 Unidentified location--Row houses
undated
Box: N31 Unidentified location--Windmills
undated
Box: N31 Copy negatives of other Armbruster prints
undated
Box: N31 Copy negatives of drawings, newspapers
undated
Subseries III, Glass Plate Negatives: 5 x 7" (and smaller)

Scope and Contents note

Subseries III generally corresponds to prints found in Series I, Subseries II. All were taken in Brooklyn in 1922. When possible, negatives have been matched to prints and titled accordingly. When no print was available, a bracketed descriptive title was assigned to each negative. Negatives are not numbered, but are ordered geographically. Within each geographic designation, negatives are arranged loosely by subject: Buildings, Churches, Houses, and Other.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 20 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)
1922
Box: 21 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)
1922
Box: 22 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)
1922
Box: 23 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatbush
1922
Box: 24 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatbush
1922
Box: 24 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatlands
1922
Box: 25 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Flatlands
1922
Box: 25 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--Gravesend
1922
Box: 25 New York--Kings County (Brooklyn)--New Utrecht
1922
Subseries IV, Glass Plate Negatives: 6.5 x 8.5"

Scope and Contents note

Subseries IV includes copy negatives from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, the Brooklyn Eagle, engravings, oil paintings, pen and ink drawings; mainly of historic houses or buildings in Brooklyn. Many of these look as if Armbruster had pinned them to a board for enlarging purposes. The pins and board are visible in some of the negatives. There are also enlargements in this same manner of several of Armbruster's own prints. Copy negatives carry either Armbruster's or the original captions (and sometimes both). In cases where no caption was written on the negative, a bracketed descriptive title was assigned to each negative. Original negatives are grouped together and organized by subject. Copy negatives are also grouped together and organized by subject.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 26 Original negatives: Aerial views
undated
Box: 26 Original negatives: Architectural Elements
undated
Box: 26 Original negatives: Barns
undated
Box: 26 Original negatives: Boats
undated
Box: 26 Original negatives: Churches
undated
Box: 27 Original negatives: Churches
undated
Box: 27 Original negatives: Farmhouses
undated
Box: 27 Original negatives: Houses
undated
Box: 28 Original negatives: Houses
Box: 29 Original negatives: Other
undated
Box: 29 Original negatives: People
undated
Box: 29 Original negatives: Rowhouses
undated
Box: 29 Original negatives: Street Scenes
undated
Box: 29 Copy Negatives: Aerial views
undated
Box: 29 Copy Negatives: Boats
undated
Box: 29 Copy Negatives: Buildings
undated
Box: 30 Copy Negatives: Buildings
undated
Box: 31 Copy Negatives: Buildings
undated
Box: 31 Copy Negatives: Churches
undated
Box: 31 Copy Negatives: Farmhouses
undated
Box: 32 Copy Negatives: Houses
undated
Box: 33 Copy Negatives: Houses
undated
Box: 33 Copy Negatives: Landscapes
undated
Box: 33 Copy Negatives: Other
undated
Box: 33 Copy Negatives: People
undated
Box: 34 Copy Negatives: Rowhouses
undated
Box: 34 Copy Negatives: Streets
undated
Box: 34 Copy Negatives: Views
undated
Box: 34 2 Negative boxes with Armbruster's handwriting
undated
Subseries V, Glass Plate Negatives: 8 x 10"

Scope and Contents note

Subseries V contains mainly copy negatives. These consist of drawings of historic houses (some from newspapers or magazines.) and other views such as: Long Island Rail Road Tunnel; a map of the City of Williamsburgh; Old James Street Market, Brooklyn; View of Astoria, L.I. (printed by Currier and Ives); and Rutgers University. Original negatives show Ebbets field, the Manhattan skyline, Union Cemetary, and Armbruster's family tree. When no title was available, a bracketed descriptive title was assigned to each negative. Negatives are not numbered. Original negatives are grouped together and organized by subject. Copy negatives are also grouped together and organized by subject. Some broken negatives are in Box 35.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 35 Original negatives: Aerial views
undated
Box: 35 Original negatives: Buildings
undated
Box: 35 Original negatives: Churches
undated
Box: 35 Original negatives: Houses
undated
Box: 35 Original negatives: Landscapes
undated
Box: 35 Original negatives: Other
undated
Box: 35 Original negatives: People
undated
Box: 36 Copy negatives: Barns
undated
Box: 36 Copy negatives: Buildings
undated
Box: 36 Copy negatives: Farmhouses
undated
Box: 36 Copy negatives: Houses
undated
Box: 36 Copy negatives: Other
undated
Box: 36 Copy negatives: People
undated
Box: 36 Copy negatives: Rowhouses
undated
Box: 36 Copy negatives: Views
undated

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