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Guide to the Records of the Children's Aid Society
1836-2006 (bulk 1853-1947)
 MS 111

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Cherie Acierno and Alegria Barclay (2009), Larry Weimer (2018)

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on July 26, 2018
Description is in English.
using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Container List

Series X - Convalescent Facilities and Medical Programs, 1885-1965

Arrangement

The materials in this series are arranged in 2 subseries:

X.1 The Sick Children's Mission/Medical Bureau/Medical Department - Chronological

X.2 Convalescent Facilities -Alphabetical.

Both subseries include volumes interfiled with boxes. The boxed materials in both subseries include correspondence, reports, referral cards, and pamphlets. Two folders have been separated to an oversized (OS) box, noted in the container list.

History of CAS Medical Programs

The Children's Aid Society began its Sick Children's Mission in 1873. In this program, CAS physicians, nurses, and "visitors" called on poor, sick children in their tenement homes, dispensed medicine and food, instructed mothers on nutrition and other matters, and referred children to CAS convalescent facilities outside the city. The series includes reports by these visitors, and some referral and physician's recommendation cards. It also includes reports, pamphlets, volumes, and correspondence related to the convalescent facilities of the CAS to which children were referred.

The Summer Home at Bath Beach Long Island was built in 1882, and served sick and disabled ("crippled") children. The Health Home at Coney Island was founded in 1884 and served poor mothers with children under six years old. The Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home in Chappaqua, NY began operation in 1909 (originally called the Chappaqua Convalescent Home), and enabled the Sick Children's Mission to operate throughout the year, not just as a summer charity. Kinderfold in New Hamburg NY was a small program founded in 1915 for convalescing boys over 12. The Goodhue Home in Staten Island for girls was also used in part as a girls' Kinderfold facility from 1919. The Sick Children's Mission also organized day trips taking children out of the city, such as the Astor Day Excursions funded by Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Astor beginning in 1913 and operating through the 1930s, and the Rockefeller Excursions.

In 1920 the Sick Children's Mission was renamed the Medical Bureau, and then renamed the Medical Department in 1929. Dr. Charles Conklin became Superintendent of the Sick Children's Mission beginning in 1907 and retired as Director of the Medical Department in 1940. Although the leadership remained constant and the convalescent homes and day excursions continued as before, the name change represented a shift toward a more centralized and coordinated healthcare mission extended throughout CAS facilities. In 1924 Conklin instituted a campaign against malnutrition in CAS facilities, the same year that CAS industrial schools were rechristened health schools. The same year, a convalescent home for boys 8-16 was established in Valhalla, NY, soon known as the Milbank and Martha Homes, and the Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home in Chappaqua was re-purposed for girls and boys under 8. Kinderfold in New Hamburg was renamed Grinnell Home for Convalescent Boys in 1934. Volumes from Kinderfold and Grinnell are both represented in this series, arranged under separate names.

Related Material in Other Series

See also Series III.2(folders 20 and 21) for other reports and pamphlets by Conklin, and Series IV.1.D (Arthur Huck Correspondence) and IV.4.C (mixed correspondence) for correspondence from Conklin, and Series V.2 and V.3 for a memoir by Conklin and an interview of him on the history of CAS medical services.

Subseries X.1 - The Sick Children's Mission/Medical Bureau/Medical Department - Chronological, 1887-1940

Scope and Contents

This subseries consists of two volumes, and one box of documents, produced by the Sick Children's Mission, Medical Bureau, and Medical Department, arranged chronologically 1887-1940. The materials include, but are not limited to, reports, correspondence, one account book, one narrative volume, and cards and pamphlets distributed to patients and the public.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 43 Folder : 1 typescript and photocopy of 1887 NY Times articles on Bartholdi Creche
1887 July, August
Volume: 351 Sick Children's Mission Narrative Record
1893
Volume: 352 Sick Children's Mission Account Book
1894-1907
Box: 43 Folder : 2 Annual Report of the Sick Children's Mission, by George Calder, Superintendent
1904
Box: 43 Folder : 3 Report of the work of the Sick Children's Mission 1904, handwritten, author unknown
1905
Box: 43 Folder : 4 Annual Report of the Sick Children's Mission, draft typescript, author unknown
1906
Box: 43 Folder : 5 Report on the work of the Sick Children's Mission [by Edith Macrith], handwritten
1907 July and August
Box: 43 Folder : 6 Report on Sick Children's Mission suggesting its work be year-round, not just summer, author unknown [Charles Conklin?]
undated, pre-1907
Box: 43 Folder : 7 Report on the work of the Sick Children's Mission in the summer of 1909
1909 October 1
Box: 43 Folder : 8 Reports (cases) by Angela P. Schultz and Miss Smith
1910 July 29 and August 31
Box: 43 Folder : 9 Reports (cases) by visitors T.R. Mackinley and E.E. Jason
1910 August
Box: 43 Folder : 10 Report of visitor L.A. Runyon re: fresh air work and statistics for Harlem
1910 August 31
Box: 43 Folder : 11 Report of Sullivan Street Station for season of 1910 by E.R. [Cahom] M.D.
1910
Box: 43 Folder : 12 Reports (cases) by L.A. Runyon
circa 1910 July and August
Box: 43 Folder : 13 Report of summer work 1911 by Mary Butterworth, M.D.
1911 August 31
Box: 43 Folder : 14 Annual report of the Sick Children's Mission - draft typescript
circa 1911
Box: 43 Folder : 15 Letters from other organizations to Charles Conklin praising CAS convalescent care
1913-1921
Box: 43 Folder : 16 Reports (cases) by visitor Constance B. [Turner]
undated, pre-1920
Box: 43 Folder : 17 Reports (cases) by unknown visitors
undated, pre-1920
Box: 43 Folder : 18 Draft of a report on the benefits of fresh air work/Sick Children's Mission
undated, pre-1920
Box: 43 Folder : 19 "The work of the Sick Children's Mission of the Children's Aid Society" by [Louise Hutchenson] M.D., handwritten
undated, pre-1920
Box: 43 Folder : 20 The Sick Children's Mission - draft typescript of report with call for contributions, author unknown
undated, pre-1920
Box: 43 Folder : 21 Sick Children's Mission - Information cards in English and German (2 different cards)
undated, pre-1920
Box: 43 Folder : 22 Sick Children's Mission Nutrition Program - Physician's Order Card
undated, pre-1920
Box: 43 Folder : 23 Annual Report of the Medical Bureau 1922-1923 by Charles Conklin
1923 October 17
Box: 43 Folder : 24 Announcement re: campaign against malnutrition
1924 August 9
Box: 43 Folder : 25 Letters from other organizations to Charles Conklin, praising CAS convalescent care
1925-1930 and undated
Box: 43 Folder : 26 Medical Bureau pamphlet (instructional): "Are You a Good Mother?" 3 copies, in English, Italian, Polish
circa 1920's
Box: 43 Folder : 27 Pamphlet (for clients): Milk Drive (in Hebrew)
circa 1920's
Box: 43 Folder : 28 Page from a pamphlet on nutrition and healthy habits (photocopy)
circa 1920's
Box: 43 Folder : 29 Letters from a boy, and from parents of boys, at Milbank Home, forwarded to Margaret Fellows, publicity director of CAS, by Charles Conklin
1928 and 1930
Box: 43 Folder : 30 Medical statistics by center
1931 January
Box: 43 Folder : 31 Medical statistics by center
1931 February
Box: 43 Folder : 32 Medical statistics by center
1931 March
Box: 43 Folder : 33 Medical statistics by center
1931 April
Box: 43 Folder : 34 Medical statistics by center
1931 May
Box: 43 Folder : 35 Medical statistics by center
1931 June
Box: 43 Folder : 36 Medical statistics by center
1931 July
Box: 43 Folder : 37 Medical statistics by center
1931 August
Box: 43 Folder : 38 Medical statistics by center
1931 September
Box: 43 Folder : 39 Annual medical statistics by center
1931
Box: 43 Folder : 40 Medical statistics by center and month
1932, 1936, 1937
Box: 43 Folder : 41 Outline for report on history and necessity of CAS Medical Department work (typescript)
1934
Box: 43 Folder : 42 Report on the functions of the Medical Department historically and in the present, author unknown, typescript, final pages missing
circa 1935
Box: 43 Folder : 43 Annual report of the Medical Department 1936 by Charles Conklin
1937 February 18
Box: 43 Folder : 44 Annual report of the Medical Department 1939 by Charles Conklin
1940

Subseries X.2 - Convalescent Facilities, Alphabetical, 1885-1965

Scope and Contents

This subseries consists of eleven volumes, one small box of materials, and two folders housed in a separate oversize (OS) box, related to CAS convalescent facilities, 1885-1965, arranged in the following order: Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home, Grinnell Home for Convalescent Boys, Health Home at Coney Island, Kinderfold, Milbank Home for Convalescent Boys, and mixed convalescent facilities. The boxed materials include cards for patients and the public, pamphlets, correspondence, reports, property surveys, and some internal documents.

Processing Information

Two volumes of registers (571 for the Anderson Home and 572 for the Milbank Home) were added to the collection by archivist Larry Weimer in July 2018.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 44 Folder : 1 Referral card for Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home (convalescent home at Chappaqua)
circa 1909-1915
Box: 44 Folder : 2 Letters from parents whose children were at the Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home
1918, 1929-1932, 1937, and undated
Box: OS 2 Folder : 7 Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home and Chappaqua property surveys
1925 and circa 1907
Box: 44 Folder : 3 Letters from girls to Miss Parker, after returning home from the Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home
1928 September 5-October 9
Box: 44 Folder : 4 CAS notes on Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home
1931-1944 and undated
Box: 44 Folder : 5 Case file of a malnourished child at Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Home
1938 October 5
Volume: 571 Register. Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Convalescent Home. 1942 May-1956 July
1942-1956
Volume: 353 Grinnell Home for Convalescent Boys [including Kinderfold], Visitor's Book (includes FDR signature 1933 and Lowell Thomas 1935)
1931-1937
Box: 44 Folder : 6 Health Home at Coney Island: Internal document - notes re: payroll and Health Home
circa 1885
Volume: 354 Health Home at Coney Island: Record Book
1900-1905
Box: 44 Folder : 7 Health Home at Coney Island: Application Card
1904
Box: 44 Folder : 8 Health Home at Coney Island: Physician's Reports (6)
1911 June 30-September 10 and 1913 June 30-July 31
Box: 44 Folder : 9 Health Home at Coney Island: Information Cards (2)
undated
Box: 44 Folder : 10 Health Home at Coney Island: Physician's Recommendation Cards (2)
undated
Volume: 355 Kinderfold: Register (incl. age, nationality, parents and ailment)
1915 June-1918 May
Volume: 356 Kinderfold: Visitor's Register
1915-1918
Volume: 357 Kinderfold: Daily Record of Attendance
1915 June -1916 May
Volume: 358 Kinderfold: Daily Record of Attendance
1916 June -1917 May
Volume: 359 Kinderfold: Daily Record of Attendance
1917 June-1918 May
Box: 44 Folder : 11 Milbank Home for Convalescent Boys: Invitation to opening, and pamphlet on its first year's work
1925, 1926
Volume: 360 Milbank Home for Convalescent Boys: Register (facts incl. age, parents, nationality, religion, diagnosis)
1925 July 1-1941 December 31
Volume: 361 Milbank Home for Convalescent Boys: Visitor's Record
1925-1948
Box: 44 Folder : 12 Letters from children to [Miss or Mrs.] Martin of the Milbank Home for Convalescent Boys 1928
February 28-June 18 and 1931 February 9-November 26 and undated
Box: OS 2 Folder : 8 Milbank and Martha Convalescent Homes: Report of Convalescent Children
1931
Box: 44 Folder : 13 Milbank Home for Convalescent Boys: Inspection Report
1935 March 27
Volume: 572 Register. Milbank Convalescent Home. 1941 October-1965 June
1941-1965
Box: 44 Folder : 14 Christmas letters from boys at Milbank Home to Dunlevy Milbank, and his acknowledgment
1937 December-1938 January
Box: 44 Folder : 15 Mixed convalescent homes: 2 pamphlets
circa 1940-1949
Box: 44 Folder : 16 Mixed convalescent homes: pamphlet
circa 1950
Box: 44 Folder : 17 Mixed convalescent homes: pamphlet
circa 1955

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