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© 2011 New-York Historical Society logo

Guide to the Records of the Children's Aid Society
1836-2006 (bulk 1853-1947)
 MS 111

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Cherie Acierno and Alegria Barclay. Finding Aid written by Cherie Acierno. Machine-readable finding aid created by Cherie Acierno and Alegria Barclay.

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on April 08, 2014
Description is in English.
using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Container List

Series XI - Records of the Children's Emigration, Placing-Out, and Foster Home Programs, Bulk, 1853-1939 1853-2006

Scope and Contents note

This series contains the records of CAS programs which placed children in homes with non-relatives, whether for adoption, foster care, or employment. This arrangement follows the CAS' own arrangment -- the CAS kept adoption, foster care, and employment case files together. The names of CAS placement programs changed over time, but the Children's Aid Society kept the records continuously through name changes, using the consecutive record books and case files collected in this series.

The series is subdivided into 6 subseries. Most of the material in subseries 3-5 is restricted.

Subseries XI.1 - Broadsides, Pamphlets, Reports, and Other Materials circa 1867-circa 1994 consists of one box of Emigration, Placing-Out, and Foster Care materials arranged chronologically.

Subseries XI.2 - Correspondence from Children and Foster Families, Chronological, 1855-1914 (bulk 1861-1881)consists of 10 boxes of correspondence, arranged chronologically. This subseries is open for researchers. There is a 13 year gap between the bulk of the final material in the subseries and the first material of the following subseries.

Subseries XI.3 - Case Files 1895-1951 (bulk 1895-1939) consists of circa 15,000 case files in 913 boxes. This subseries is the largest part of the CAS collection. The case files are comprised of foster care and adoption records, and perhaps an equal number of records of employment placements -- records of boys who trained at the Farm School and were subsequently placed in farm homes for wages. The case files include forms, reports on frequent CAS follow-up visits, photographs, and correspondence from the placed-out children, their host families, and occasionally their biological families. Many children kept up correspondence with agents of the CAS well into adulthood. The names of individual children have not been included in this finding aid, because the information is restricted.

Subseries XI.4 - Bound Volumes consists of 100 bound volumes of records of the Emigration and Placing-Out Program (1853-1916). These volumes include Surrender Volumes, in which guardians surrender their charges to the care of the Children's Aid Society; Record Books, which describe individual cases; Company Books, listing groups that traveled together; and other volumes

Subseries XI.5 contains disbound ring binders and lists created by the Foster Home Department, 1917-1939 (bulk 1929-1939).

Subseries XI.6 consists of non-CAS publications related to the "Orphan Train," including self-published books by orphan train riders.

History of CAS Emigration Programs, including "Family Emigration," Employment, Adoption, and Foster Care

The mission of sending children to the country was the driving force of the Children's Aid Society from its founding in 1853. Twenty-five years later, in the 26th annual report from 1878, the society continued to affirm that "the most important part of our work is the transference of poor and homeless children to good country homes." The primacy of that mission continued throughout the period covered by this collection. The Emigration Department sent thousands of children to foster care and(for older children)employment situations in the country. In some cases, children were formally adopted by families, or families later chose to adopt them, but in most cases children were placed less formally.

The CAS called the program Emigration in its annual reports beginning circa 1859, and it was known as the Emigration and/or Placing-Out Department until 1899. From 1899-1925 it was known in the annual reports as the "Western Emigration and Placing-Out Department," although the CAS continued to use forms which called it alternately the Emigration or Placing-Out Department.

It is well known that the CAS separated children from their families to start anew. It is less widely known that the CAS also provided train tickets for entire families to leave the city together, to rejoin a breadwinner or pursue other opportunities. Beginning in 1874, the CAS initiated an explicit "family emigration" program which signalled a shift toward a goal of keeping families together. Beginning around 1898 the department's stated purpose in the annual reports included not only "finding homes for homeless chldren" but also "assisting poor families to reach distant friends for employment." Families traveled on the same trains as companies of children and are included in the "Company Books" and the "Record Books" in subseries XI.4. However, families were never included in the case files of the Emigration Department; the CAS did not provide additional social work care for them or track their progress. Although some information about families is contained in Emigration Department Record Books, other records of Family Emigration were kept separate, in volumes that are arranged in the following series of this collection, as Series XII.2.

Beginning around 1923 a Family Home Department was initiated, to put children in temporary suburban homes with the goal of eventually returning them to their families. In 1926 this Family Home Department became known as the Boarding Home Department, and the Western Emigration and Placing-Out Department became known as the Home-Finding or Placing-Out Department, and sometimes the Free Home and Adoption Department. In 1931 these two programs, the Home-Finding Department and the Boarding Home Department, were consolidated as the Department of Foster Home Care, aka the Foster Home Department. The Foster Home Department had two divisions: the Free Home Division, for older boys, adolescent girls, and troubled youths, and the Boarding Division, for younger children.

Subseries X1.1 - Broadsides, Pamphlets, Reports, and other Materials, circa 1867- circa 1994

Scope and Contents note

The subseries consists of one box of Emigration, Placing-Out, and Foster Care materials arranged chronologically circa 1867-circa 1994, and 1 folder housed in a separate oversized (OS) box, noted in the container list. Material circa 1867-circa 1950 includes primary source documents and some photocopies of primary source documents; folders from 1967-1994 consist of latter-day compilations of information culled from earlier "orphan train" materials.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: OS 2 Folder : 9 Schedule and Rates of N.Y. Central Railroad
1867 October 1
Box: 45 Folder : 1 Broadside: "Children Without Homes" (fragile, writing and drawing on back)
circa 1867
Box: 45 Folder : 2 Correspondence: various orphan train riders to CAS, transcribed and assembled scrapbook-style, entitled "Orphan Train Riders Who Made Good"
1871-1903 and undated
Box: 45 Folder : 3 Illustration of the CAS Emigration/Placing-Out Program used as frontispiece in annual reports
circa 1873-1886
Box: 45 Folder : 4 Reprints of vintage broadsides and advertisements from Placing-Out Program
circa 1880-1909 and undated
Box: 45 Folder : 5 Reports and Correspondence re: the dismissal of CAS agent James Matthews
1886
Box: 45 Folder : 6 Report of the Committee on Emigration
1901
Box: 45 Folder : 7 Pamphlet: "Don't You Want One Like This?" separated from Case File 2210
circa 1902-1907
Box: 45 Folder : 8 Broadsides Kept by CAS Agent H.D. Clarke (photocopies only)
1904-1905
Box: 45 Folder : 9 Broadside: "Children Want Homes" Nebraska
1905 March
Box: 45 Folder : 10 Signed and sealed Thanksgiving proclamation by Governor of Alaska, former "orphan train rider" John G. Brady
1905
Box: 45 Folder : 11 Handbill: "Homes Wanted for Children" distributed in Decatur Texas, separated from case file 4449
1906 November 16
Box: 45 Folder : 12 Notice sent to people of Rock Rapids Iowa by agent Clara Comstock re: orphan children arriving
circa 1912 or 1918
Box: 45 Folder : 13 Blank forms of the Emigration Department, Placing-Out Department, Home-Finding Department, Child Placing Department (originals and photocopies)
circa 1920-1930
Box: 45 Folder : 14 Temporary Boarding Home Department - Memos, correspondence,agreements, minutes excerpts
1923 December-1928 January
Box: 45 Folder : 15 Foster Home Department: Inspection reports and a memo by Arthur Huck
1931, 1934
Box: 45 Folder : 16 Memos, Correspondence, Reports of the Foster Home Department
1931 February 16-1940 February 6 and undated
Box: 45 Folder : 17 Report on CAS children placed in Maryland and Delaware by Hattie V. Shockley (draft and accompanying note)
1933 November 24
Box: 45 Folder : 18 Report: "Promoting the Preventive Function of a Children's Agency by Skills in Intake" by Bessie E. Trout, Supervisor of Intake, CAS Foster Home Department (typescript)
1934 May
Box: 45 Folder : 19 Report: "Social Case Work Technique in the Care of Children Away From Their Own Parents" by Bessie E. Trout, Supervisor of Intake, CAS Foster Home Department (photocopy of typescript)
1934 May
Box: 45 Folder : 20 Correspondence: Clara B. Comstock (CAS placing agent) to Miss Cole
1934 December 8
Box: 45 Folder : 21 Portion of outline of report by Clara Comstock on motivations and attitudes of foster parents on Missouri farms "Free Home Placing" (photocopy)
circa 1931-1935
Box: 45 Folder : 22 Notes from Free Home office, unknown authors
circa 1935 and undated
Box: 45 Folder : 23 Report: "Treatment as an Aid to Diagnosis" by Helen P. Taussig, Assistant Director, CAS Foster Home Department (typescript)
1938
Box: 45 Folder : 24 Report: "The Use of Case Work Skills in Home Finding" by Gladys E. Townsend, Children's Aid Society of Pennsylvania (photocopy of typescript)
1938 April 22
Box: 45 Folder : 25 Report: "The Warwick Project: A Demonstration of Foster Home Placement for Negro Delinquent Boys Between the Ages of 12 and 16" by Alice Hyman and Helen P. Taussig (typescript) and a letter to CAS Secretary Arthur Huck from Leonard Mayo of the Welfare Council re: the report
1938 December 31 and 1939 February 6
Box: 45 Folder : 26 Report on the work of the Erlanger Home, CAS Foster Home Department, author unknown (photocopy of typescript)
circa 1938 or 1939
Box: 45 Folder : 27 List of children in Missouri, Minnesota, Iowa, and Kansas
1939 September 19
Box: 45 Folder : 28 Minutes of the Foster Home Committee Meeting
1939 October 11
Box: 45 Folder : 29 Report: "The Place of the Institution in Child Welfare as Seen by a Foster Home Agency" by Nora Phillips Johnson, Supervisor of the Free Home Division of the Foster Home Dept 1933-1942, Director of the Foster Home Dept 1942-1950, Supervisor of Foster Care Services 1950-1966, Assistant Executive Director of the CAS 1966-8, and Associate Executive Director 1968-1970.
1940 May 10
Box: 45 Folder : 30 Report: "Interpretation of Foster Home Care" by Nora Phillips [Johnson] (photocopy of typescript draft)
1940
Box: 45 Folder : 31 Notes on the last Free Home Children remaining in states
1940-1942
Box: 45 Folder : 32 Foster Parents' Manual
circa 1942-1950
Box: 45 Folder : 33 2 pamphlets recruiting foster parents
circa 1946 and undated
Box: 45 Folder : 34 Information on former "orphan train riders" (photocopies)
circa 1967 and undated
Box: 45 Folder : 35 Information on former "orphan train riders" [compiled by an individual in the Orphan Train Heritage Society] (photocopies)
circa 1970's
Box: 45 Folder : 36 Compilation of facts about railroads used, station stops, towns of placement, and early statistics 1853-1920's
circa 1994

Subseries X1.2 - Correspondence from Children and Foster Families, Chronological, Bulk, 1861-1881 1855-1914

Scope and Contents note

This subseries consists of 11 boxes of correspondence to the Children's Aid Society from children who were placed out in the country, and from the foster families who cared for them. The material is arranged chronologically, grouped by month, from 1855-1914 (bulk 1861-1881). Box 53A contains a volume of 1877 correspondence discovered and processed after the rest of the CAS collection was processed, creating a slight break in chronological order. That box also contains 1 tintype, which is the only photographic material in this subseries. There is only one folder of material 1884-1886 and one folder 1900-1914.

The letters, originally glued or posted into scrapbook-style volumes, were in poor condition at the time of the donation of the collection. The scrapbook volumes, most of which were missing covers, have since been disbound, and the letters treated to remove glue and dirt. Index pages and pages with lists of children are included in the subseries, if such pages were extant.

Each piece of correspondence was marked by the CAS recipient with a cross-reference to the volume and page number of the record book in which the child's records were kept. Those record books are arranged in Series XI.4.

The correspondence in this subseries includes a few letters from former CAS wards writing as soldiers in the Civil War. There is a 13 year gap between the bulk of the final material in this subseries and the earliest material of the following subseries, XI.3, which also contains correspondence from children and foster families.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 46 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1855-1859
Box: 46 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Lists of Children Placed by CAS 1855-1869, from correspondence volumes
1855-1869
Box: 46 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Index pages to correspondence volumes
1860-1869
Box: 46 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1860
Box: 46 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 January
Box: 46 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 February
Box: 46 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 March
Box: 46 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 April
Box: 46 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 May
Box: 46 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 June
Box: 47 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 July
Box: 46 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 August
Box: 47 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 September
Box: 47 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 October
Box: 47 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 November
Box: 47 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1861 December
Box: 47 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Lists of Children Placed
1861
Box: 47 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
circa 1861
Box: 47 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1862
Box: 47 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1863 January-June
Box: 47 Folder : 11 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1863 July
Box: 47 Folder : 12 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1863 August
Box: 48 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1863 September-October
Box: 48 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1863 November-December
Box: 48 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1864 January-February
Box: 48 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1864 March
Box: 48 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1864 April
Box: 48 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1864 May-October
Box: 48 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Lists of Children Placed
1864 May-1866 July
Box: 48 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
circa 1864
Box: 48 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1865 January-March
Box: 48 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1865 April
Box: 49 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1865 May
Box: 49 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1865 May
Box: 49 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1865 June
Box: 49 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1865 June
Box: 49 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1865 July-December
Box: 49 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
circa 1865
Box: 49 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1866 February-June
Box: 49 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1866 July
Box: 49 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1866 August
Box: 49 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1866 September
Box: 49 Folder : 11 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
circa 1866
Box: 50 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1867 February-March
Box: 50 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1867 April
Box: 50 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1867 May
Box: 50 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1867 June-August
Box: 50 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received and Company List
circa 1867
Box: 50 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1868
Box: 50 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Index for Correspondence and Lists of Children Placed
1868-1869
Box: 50 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 January-February
Box: 50 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 March
Box: 50 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 April
Box: 50 Folder : 11 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 May
Box: 50 Folder : 12 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 June
Box: 50 Folder : 13 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 July
Box: 50 Folder : 14 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 August
Box: 51 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 September
Box: 51 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1869 October
Box: 51 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
circa 1869
Box: 51 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
undated circa 1860-1869
Box: 51 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1872 January-March
Box: 51 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1872 April
Box: 51 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1872 May
Box: 51 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1872 June
Box: 51 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1872 July-August
Box: 51 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1872 September
Box: 52 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1872 October-November
Box: 52 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1872 December
Box: 52 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 January-February
Box: 52 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 March
Box: 52 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 April
Box: 52 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 May
Box: 52 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 June
Box: 52 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 July
Box: 52 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 August
Box: 52 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 September
Box: 52 Folder : 11 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 October
Box: 52 Folder : 12 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873 November-December
Box: 52 Folder : 13 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1873
Box: 52 Folder : 14 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1875
Box: 53 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Index to Correspondence Received
1876-1877
Box: 53 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 January-March
Box: 53 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 April-June
Box: 53 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 July
Box: 53 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 August
Box: 53 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 September
Box: 53 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 October
Box: 53 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 November
Box: 53 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 December
Box: 53 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 January
Box: 53 Folder : 11 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 February
Box: 53 Folder : 12 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 March
Box: 53 Folder : 13 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 April-December
Box: 53 Folder : 14 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
undated, circa 1876-1877
Box: 53 Folder : 15 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 January-February
Box: 53 Folder : 16 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 March
Box: 53A Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1876 November-1877 January
Box: 53A Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received and one tintype
1877 February
Box: 53A Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 March
Box: 53A Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 April
Box: 53A Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 May
Box: 53A Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 June
Box: 53A Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 July
Box: 53A Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 August
Box: 53A Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 September
Box: 53A Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1877 October
Box: 53A Folder : 11 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Index for 1877 correspondence volume and undated correspondence
1877
Box: 53A Folder : 12 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, original binding for 1877 correspondence volume
1877
Box: 54 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 April
Box: 54 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 May
Box: 54 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 June
Box: 54 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 July
Box: 54 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 August
Box: 54 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 September
Box: 54 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 October
Box: 54 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 November
Box: 54 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1878 December
Box: 54 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 January
Box: 54 Folder : 11 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 February
Box: 54 Folder : 12 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 March
Box: 54 Folder : 13 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 April
Box: 55 Folder : 1 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 May
Box: 55 Folder : 2 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 June
Box: 55 Folder : 3 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 July
Box: 55 Folder : 4 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 August
Box: 55 Folder : 5 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1879 September-December
Box: 55 Folder : 6 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
circa 1878-1879
Box: 55 Folder : 7 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
undated, circa 1870-1879
Box: 55 Folder : 8 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1880 January-February
Box: 55 Folder : 9 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1880 March-April
Box: 55 Folder : 10 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1880 May-June
Box: 55 Folder : 11 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1880 July
Box: 55 Folder : 12 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1880 August
Box: 55 Folder : 13 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1880 September
Box: 55 Folder : 14 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1880 October-December
Box: 55 Folder : 15 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1881 January
Box: 55 Folder : 16 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1881 February
Box: 55 Folder : 17 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1881 March-August
Box: 55 Folder : 18 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
circa 1880-1881
Box: 55 Folder : 19 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Correspondence Received
1884-1886
Box: 55 Folder : 20 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Miscellaneous Undated Correspondence Received
circa 1860-1886
Box: 55 Folder : 21 Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Miscellaneous Correspondence Received
1900-1914

Subseries X1.3 - Case Files, Bulk, 1895-1939 1895-1951

Scope and Contents note

This subseries consists of 913 boxes of case files of children placed in homes or work situations by the Emigration/Placing-Out and Foster Home Programs of the Children's Aid Society. Most case files include application forms from prospective foster families or employers, reports of visits or updates on the children by CAS agents, correspondence to the Children's Aid Society from children who were placed out in the country, and/or from the foster families or employers who cared for them. There are also many photographs.

The material is housed in boxes 56-964, and the files are arranged by case file number. The numbers were assigned roughly chronologically around the time the child came under the care of the CAS. These case files cover children placed between 1895-1951 (bulk 1895-1939). There is material in the case files from later dates, if correspondence or other contact occurred in subsequent decades. Boxes 56-688, containing case files numbered 1-10,347, from 1895-1916, are cross-referenced to the volumes in subseries XI.4. Boxes 965-968 contain miscellaneous case files 1895-1930, numbered 15,000-15,353 and unnumbered. All numbers above 15,000 were assigned by Victor Remer in the 1980's. Boxes 968-969 contain case files grouped alphabetically from the 1920's-1940's.

This finding aid does not list the individual folders in boxes 56-969, because the case files are RESTRICTED and the names in the records are sealed. The N-YHS reference department maintains a list of all photographs, tintypes, and selected visual materials in the case files. Please contact the reference department for further information about access to case file materials. Researchers whose primary interest is tracing family history will be put in contact with a designated Children's Aid Society specialist who will interview the potential researcher to determine what he or she may consult and will then supervise the reader's use of the appropriate material. Guidelines currently in place for family history research at CAS, as determined by legal restrictions on the accessibility of adoption and foster care records, will be followed. See Access Restrictions, at the top of this finding aid.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 56-964 Emigration/Placing-Out and Foster Home Programs, Case Files 1-14,141
1895-1951
Box: 965-968 Emigration/Placing-Out and Foster Home Programs, Case Files 15,000-15,353 and unnumbered
circa 1895-1930
Box: 968-969 Emigration/Placing-Out and Foster Home Programs, Case Files - Alphabetical
circa 1920's-1940's

Subseries X1.4 - Emigration/Placing-Out Program, Bound Volumes, Bulk, 1853-1916 1853-1930

Scope and Contents note

This subseries consists of 100 bound volumes related to children placed in homes or work situations by the Emigration/Placing-Out Program of the Children's Aid Society, 1853-1930 (bulk 1853-1916). The volumes are arranged in 2 sub-subseries, which overlap and complement each other:

Sub-subseries XI.4.A consists of Surrender Volumes which document children turned over by their guardians to the custody of the Children's Aid Society, Company Volumes which list children by the groups in which they traveled to the country together, and various other volumes listing placements, applications for children, financial records, and other records of the Emigration Program 1853-1922. The volumes are arranged chronologically by the initial date of the volume. Some of the volumes in XI.4.A are RESTRICTED, as per the Deed of Gift by which the collection was donated to the N-YHS. Restricted volumes are labelled as such in this finding aid and on the volumes themselves.

Sub-subseries XI.4.B consists of a set of record books numbered 1-57 by the CAS, describing children's cases in rough chronological order 1855-1916, preceded by an index to those record books 1853-1906. The information in these record books complements the correspondence and case files in Series XI.2 and XI.3, which cross-reference these volumes. All of the material in XI.4.B is RESTRICTED.

Researchers who wish to view restricted children's files or restricted volumes should contact the library of the New-York Historical Society. These researchers will be referred to a designated Children's Aid Society specialist who will interview the potential researcher to determine what he or she may consult and will then supervise the reader's use of the appropriate material. Guidelines currently in place for family history research at CAS, as determined by legal restrictions on the accessibility of adoption and foster care records, will be followed.

Families who traveled out west as part of the Family Emigration Program are listed in the Company Books and Record Books, but for volumes dedicated specifically to the Family Emigration Program 1874-1926, see Series XII.2.

Sub-Subseries XI.4.A - Emigration/Placing-Out Department Volumes, 1855-1922

Scope and Contents note

Subseries XI.4.A consists of 42 volumes produced by the Emigration/Placing-Out program of the CAS between 1853-1922. The volumes overlap with the volumes in the following subseries, XI.4.B. The materials include Surrender Volumes which document children turned over by their guardians to the custody of the Children's Aid Society, Company Volumes which list children by the groups in which they traveled to the country together, and various other volumes listing placements, applications for children, financial records, and other records of the Emigration Program 1853-1922. The volumes are arranged chronologically by the initial date of the volume. Some of the volumes in this sub-subseries are RESTRICTED. Restricted volumes are labelled as such in this finding aid and on the volumes themselves.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 362 Reference Book 1 (Narrative of children taken in and dispositions)
1853-1854
Volume: 363 Reference Book 2 (Narrative of children taken in and dispositions into 1860's)
1854-1855
Volume: 364 Company Book 1
1854-1863
Volume: 365 Some Children Placed Out, arranged alphabetically by town and state
1854-1869
Volume: 366 Surrender Book, arranged alphabetically by child
1854-1869
Volume: 367 Applications for Children, in narrative style
1855
Volume: 368 Surrender Book (1 folio)
1862
Volume: 369 Emigration Statistics
1862-1870
Volume: 370 Surrender Book
1863-1872
Volume: 371 Company Book 2
1863-1875
Volume: 372 Mr. Friedgen's Company Book - Narrative re: people seen by CAS, dispositions
1865-1867
Volume: 373 Surrender Book
1867-1868
Volume: 374 Emigration Expenses
1870-1877
Volume: 375 Company Book 3
1875-1896
Volume: 376 Surrender Book
1882-1890
Volume: 377 Applications for Placement in the West and South
1882-1890
Volume: 378 "B.W. Tice Western Work. Names of Children."(includes correspondence)
1887-1892
Volume: 379 Ledger-style Placement Book [Nebraska] (few pages of info)
1888-1904
Volume: 380 Companies and Children taken West with E. Trott and B.W. Tice, 1889-1892, and Lodging House Attendance and Accounts 1892
1889-1892
Volume: 381 Applications for Placement in the West and South
1890-1894
Volume: 382 Surrender Book - RESTRICTED
1892-1896
Volume: 383 Admissions - Narrative of children taken in, and dispositions -RESTRICTED
1893-1897
Volume: 384 Ledger-style Placement Book [Iowa](few pages of info)
1895-1904
Volume: 385 Surrender Book 3 - RESTRICTED
1896-1900
Volume: 386 Ledger-style Placement Book - Florida
1896-1902
Volume: 387 Ledger-style Placement Book [Kansas]
1896-1903
Volume: 388 Ledger-Style Placement Book (blank except for notes on last page)
circa 1896
Volume: 389 Company Book 4
1896-1909
Volume: 390 Temporary Placements(Narrative continuation of Volume 383)- RESTRICTED
1897-1899
Volume: 391 Emigration Department Distribution of Supplies
1898 February 1-1900 September 30
Volume: 392 Temporary Placements No. 3 (Narrative continuation of Vol. 390, children taken in, dispositions)- RESTRICTED
1899-1902
Volume: 393 Temporary Placements (ledger style about people applying for children)- RESTRICTED
1899-1905
Volume: 394 Surrender Book 4 (incl. loose correspondence)- RESTRICTED
1900-1902
Volume: 395 Emigration Department Distribution of Supplies
1900 October-1904 July
Volume: 396 Temporary Placement Book No. 4 (narrative)- RESTRICTED
1902-1904
Volume: 397 Surrender Book 5 - RESTRICTED
1902-1906
Volume: 398 Emigration Department Distribution of Supplies
1904 August-1907 June
Volume: 399 Temporary Placement Book No. 5 (narrative) - RESTRICTED
1904-1930
Volume: 400 Surrender Book 6 - RESTRICTED
1906-1909
Volume: 401 Surrender Book 7 - RESTRICTED
1909-1913
Volume: 402 Emigration Department Financial Ledger
1913-1914
Volume: 403 Surrender Book 8 - RESTRICTED
1913-1919
Volume: 404 Summer Situations Book #1
1917, 1918, 1921, 1922

Sub-Subseries XI.4.B - Emigration/Placing-Out Department Volumes - Record Books 1-57 and Index

Scope and Contents note

All of the material in this sub-subseries is RESTRICTED. Sub-subseries XI.4.B consists of a set of large Record Books numbered 1-57 describing children's cases in rough chronological order 1855-1916, preceded by an index to those volumes 1853-1906. In format, there is usually one page per child, with notes beginning at the time the child came under the care of the CAS, and with updates recorded over the years, until contact ended. Record Book 1 is out of chronological order, and is a concordance with Record Books 33-39 covering 1898-1904, and Record Book 2 is blank. Thus, Record Book 3 is the earliest. The volumes overlap chronologically, and in terms of some information, with the volumes in the previous subseries, XI.4.A. The correspondence and case files in Series XI.2 and XI.3 are cross-referenced to the Record Books in this sub-subseries.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 405 Index - alphabetical list of children in record books - RESTRICTED
1853-1906
Volume: 406 Record Book 1 - concordance with Record Books 33-39 - RESTRICTED
1898-1904
Volume: 407 Record Book 2 (Blank)
No Date
Volume: 408 Record Book 3 - RESTRICTED
1855-1856
Volume: 409 Record Book 4 - RESTRICTED
1856-1857
Volume: 410 Record Book 5 - RESTRICTED
1857-1858
Volume: 411 Record Book 6 - RESTRICTED
1858-1859
Volume: 412 Record Book 7 - RESTRICTED
1859-1860
Volume: 413 Record Book 8 - RESTRICTED
1861
Volume: 414 Record Book 9 - RESTRICTED
1861-1863
Volume: 415 Record Book 10 - RESTRICTED
1863-1864
Volume: 416 Record Book 11 - RESTRICTED
1864-1865
Volume: 417 Record Book 12 - RESTRICTED
1865-1866
Volume: 418 Record Book 13 - RESTRICTED
1866-1867
Volume: 419 Record Book 14 - RESTRICTED
1867-1868
Volume: 420 Record Book 15 - RESTRICTED
1868-1869
Volume: 421 Record Book 16 - RESTRICTED
1869-1870
Volume: 422 Record Book 17 - RESTRICTED
1870-1872
Volume: 423 Record Book 18 - RESTRICTED
1872-1873
Volume: 424 Record Book 19 - RESTRICTED
1873-1875
Volume: 425 Record Book 20 - RESTRICTED
1875-1877
Volume: 426 Record Book 21 - RESTRICTED
1877-1878
Volume: 427 Record Book 22 - RESTRICTED
1878-1880
Volume: 428 Record Book 23 - RESTRICTED
1880-1881
Volume: 429 Record Book 24 - RESTRICTED
1881-1882
Volume: 430 Record Book 25 - RESTRICTED
1882-1884
Volume: 431 Record Book 26 - RESTRICTED
1884-1886
Volume: 432 Record Book 27 - RESTRICTED
1886-1889
Volume: 433 Record Book 28 - RESTRICTED
1889-1892
Volume: 434 Record Book 29 - RESTRICTED
1892-1894
Volume: 435 Record Book 30 - RESTRICTED
1894-1896
Volume: 436 Record Book 31 - RESTRICTED
1896-1898
Volume: 437 Record Book 32 - RESTRICTED
1898-1901
Volume: 438 Record Book 33 - RESTRICTED
1898-1899
Volume: 439 Record Book 34 - RESTRICTED
1899-1900
Volume: 440 Record Book 35 - RESTRICTED
1901-1902
Volume: 441 Record Book 36 - RESTRICTED
1902-1903
Volume: 442 Record Book 37 - RESTRICTED
1902-1904
Volume: 443 Record Book 38 - RESTRICTED
1903-1904
Volume: 444 Record Book 39 - RESTRICTED
1904-1905
Volume: 445 Record Book 40 - RESTRICTED
1905
Volume: 446 Record Book 41 - RESTRICTED
1905-1906
Volume: 447 Record Book 42 - RESTRICTED
1906-1907
Volume: 448 Record Book 43 - RESTRICTED
1907
Volume: 449 Record Book 44 - RESTRICTED
1907-1908
Volume: 450 Record Book 45 - RESTRICTED
1908
Volume: 451 Record Book 46 - RESTRICTED
1908-1909
Volume: 452 Record Book 47 - RESTRICTED
1909-1910
Volume: 453 Record Book 48 - RESTRICTED
1910
Volume: 454 Record Book 49 - RESTRICTED
1910-1911
Volume: 455 Record Book 50 - RESTRICTED
1911
Volume: 456 Record Book 51 - RESTRICTED
1911-1912
Volume: 457 Record Book 52 - RESTRICTED
1912-1913
Volume: 458 Record Book 53 - RESTRICTED
1913
Volume: 459 Record Book 54 - RESTRICTED
1913-1914
Volume: 460 Record Book 55 - RESTRICTED
1914-1915
Volume: 461 Record Book 56 - RESTRICTED
1915-1916
Volume: 462 Record Book 57 - RESTRICTED
1916

Subseries X1.5 - Disbound ring binders and lists created by Foster Home Department, Bulk, 1929-1939 1917-1939

Scope and Contents note

This subseries consists of 2 boxes of disbound ring binders and lists created by the Foster Home Department, listing children placed out 1917-1939 (bulk 1929-1939). The material in this subseries is RESTRICTED. Researchers whose primary interest is tracing family history will be put in contact with a designated Children's Aid Society specialist who will interview the potential researcher to determine what he or she may consult and will then supervise the reader's use of the appropriate material. Guidelines currently in place for family history research at CAS, as determined by legal restrictions on the accessibility of adoption and foster care records, will be followed.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 970 Folder : 1 Disbound ring binder: Children placed and updated dispositions, by child - RESTRICTED
1917-1932
Box: 970 Folder : 2 Disbound ring binder: Children placed, alphabetical by child - RESTRICTED
1929-1932
Box: 970 Folder : 3 List of Children Served - Dispositions of children, including many placed by CAS in 1920's - RESTRICTED
1932 March-May
Box: 970 Folder : 4 Master list of 653 children served in 1932, in alphabetical order, with dispositions to 1936 - RESTRICTED
1932-1936
Box: 970 Folder : 5 Disbound ring binder: Children placed, alphabetical by child - RESTRICTED
1934
Box: 970 Folder : 6 Disbound ring binder: Boarding Home Division, Children Served, by Month - RESTRICTED
1934
Box: 970 Folder : 7 Disbound ring binder: Free Home Division, "Monthly Analysis of Service" - RESTRICTED
1934
Box: 970 Folder : 8 Miscellaneous pages disbound from ring binders - RESTRICTED
1934, 1936 and undated
Box: 970 Folder : 9 Disbound ring binder: Free Home Department, "Monthly Analysis of Service" - RESTRICTED
1935
Box: 970 Folder : 10 Disbound ring binder: Boarding Division Services by Month - RESTRICTED
1937
Box: 971 Folder : 1 Disbound ring binder: "Free Home Department and Free Under Bdg. Workers," by month - RESTRICTED
1937
Box: 971 Folder : 2 Disbound ring binder: "Population Changes" (alphabetical) - RESTRICTED
1938
Box: 971 Folder : 3 Disbound ring binder: "Free Division and Free Chu. under Bdg. Workers" - RESTRICTED
1938
Box: 971 Folder : 4 Disbound ring binder: Boarding Division - RESTRICTED
1939
Box: 971 Folder : 5 Disbound ring binder: Free Division - RESTRICTED
1939
Box: 971 Folder : 6 Disbound ring binder: "Population Changes" - RESTRICTED
1939

Subseries X1.6 - Non-CAS Publications

Scope and Contents note

This subseries consists of 11 volumes of books published by individuals and organizations not affiliated with the CAS, but regarding the work of the CAS Emigration/Placing-Out Program. The first 5 volumes are orphan train riders' stories compiled by the Orphan Train Heritage Society, arranged chronologically by publication date. The next 6 volumes include self-published accounts or scrapbooks by former "orphan train" riders and other volumes exploring the subject arranged alphabetically by author or editor.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 463 Orphan Train Riders: Their Own Stories, Volume 1, Compiled by Mary Ellen Johnson, Edited by Kay B. Hall, Baltimore: Gateway Press Inc. for Orphan Train Heritage Society of America
1992
Volume: 464 Orphan Train Riders: Their Own Stories, Volume 2, Compiled by Mary Ellen Johnson, Edited by Kay B. Hall, Baltimore: Gateway Press Inc. for Orphan Train Heritage Society of America
1993
Volume: 465 Orphan Train Riders: Their Own Stories, Volume 3, Compiled by Mary Ellen Johnson, Baltimore: Gateway Press Inc. for Orphan Train Heritage Society of America
1995
Volume: 466 Orphan Train Riders: Their Own Stories, Volume 4, Compiled by Mary Ellen Johnson, edited by Georgianna Smith, Patricia Young, and Marvin L. Chamberlin, Baltimore: Gateway Press Inc. for Orphan Train Heritage Society of America
1997
Volume: 467 Journeys of Hope: Orphan Train Riders, Their Own Stories, Fayetteville Arkansas: Off the Press, for Orphan Train Heritage Society of America
1999
Volume: 468 Harry Colwell: Growing Up in Old Kansas, Houston: D. Armstrong Co, Inc. (printer)
1985
Volume: 469 Robert A. Hodge, editor: Kansas Orphan Train Riders - These We Know, compiled for the 4th annual reunion of the Kansas Orphan Train Reunion Group, Great Bend Kansas
1996
Volume: 470 Robert A. Hodge, editor: 1997 Supplement for the 1996 Kansas Orphan Train Riders - These We Know, compiled for the 5th annual reunion of the Kansas Orphan Train Reunion Group
1997
Volume: 471 Clark Kidder: Orphan Trains and Their Precious Cargo: The Life's Work of Rev. H.D. Clarke, Bowie Maryland: Heritage Books Inc.
2001
Volume: 472 Dorothy Urch: Scrapbook Assembled by former orphan train rider - photocopied material
2000
Volume: 473 David Glenn Wright: Orphan Twigs: New York Seedlings Bloom in Kansas, self published
circa 2003-2006

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