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Guide to the Papers of David Edward Cronin
1861-1910
  MS 670.9

New-York Historical Society
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New York, NY 10024
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© 2011 New-York Historical Society

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on April 16, 2014
Description is in English.

Biographical Note

1839 July 12 David Edward Cronin born, Greenwich, NY.
1855 Cronin moves to New York City after studying art with Alban Conant in Troy, NY. In New York, he works in a law firm, and opens a studio on Canal Street. Cronin becomes a clerk at the Bryan Gallery of Art, where he copies old masters.
[1857-1860] Cronin travels to London and France to study art.
1861-1865 During the Civil War, Cronin serves as Private, Captain, and Brevet Major in the 1st New York Mounted Rifles, a cavalry outfit stationed in eastern Virginia and North Carolina. He also serves as a staff artist for Harper's Weekly under the pseudonym Seth Eyland.
[1865]-1874 Cronin works as a journalist. In 1872, he establishes The Binghamton [N.Y.] Times, which he also edits and publishes until 1874.
1874-[late 1870s] Cronin returns to art in New York City, painting a number of works depicting army life. He also works as a lawyer in New York, then moves to Texas to become a railroad promoter.
[1879] After his railroad venture fails, Cronin returns to New York and begins his life as a professional illustrator.
1880s-1890s Cronin illustrates poems of Poe, Browning, Keats, Shelley, Byron, and Tennyson, as well as Pepys' Diary, General U.S. Grant's  Memoirs, Macaulay's  Lays of Ancient Rome.
1884 Cronin's autobiography, The Evolution of a Life, described in the Memoirs of Major Seth Eyland is published, containing numerous marginal illustrations. (Seth Eyland was Cronin's pseudonym during the Civil War when he worked as an illustrator for  Harper's Weekly.)
[c1887] Cronin meets Daniel Parish, Jr., who becomes his benefactor for nearly twenty-three years. The two cooperate on collecting and illustrating historical works, especially those relating to the Civil War.
1888-1893 He gathers material for an appendix to The Evolution of a Life, including correspondence, muster rolls, commissions, orders, and reports. This collection becomes the five bound volumes entitled War Relics and Reminiscences: An Appendix to Seth Eyland's Memoirs, by the Author.
1890 Cronin moves to Philadelphia, becoming a political cartoonist for the Philadelphia Record from 1892 to 1895.
1893-1902 The artist gathers material for the 'Cavalry Album,' his collection of correspondence, personal narratives, reports, and other items relating to cavalrymen in the Civil War.
1901-1902 Cronin illustrates the memoirs of Major W.W. Goldsborough, Confederate Army.
1902-1903 Cronin illustrates the poems of Joseph Rodman Drake, including The Culprit Fay.
1908-1910 Cronin writes and illustrates The Vest Mansion, its Historical and Romantic Associations as Confederate and Union Headquarters, 1862-1865.
1925 June 9 Cronin dies in Philadelphia.