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Guide to the William Darlington papers, 1800-1863 MS 1165

New-York Historical Society
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© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Ali Barr and edited by Julia Lipkins.

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on December 07, 2015
English. using Describing Archives: A Content Standard


William Darlington was a physician, botanist, and member of the U.S. House of Representatives. He was born in Birmingham, Chester County, Pennsylvania on April 28, 1782 and received a medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1804. He served as a surgeon on a merchant ship in 1807, and upon his return, settled in West Chester, Pennsylvania. At the beginning of the War of 1812, he raised a company of volunteers and later served as a major. Darlington was a Republican member of the House of Representatives from 1815-1817 and 1819-1923. In 1825, Darlington was appointed to the State Canal Commission, and in 1830, he served on the State Road Commission. Darlington stablished a natural history society in West Chester in 1826 and published several books on botany, including Agricultural Botany (1847) and  Flora Cestrica (1853). From 1830-1863, Darlington served as the director and president of the National Bank of Chester County. He died in West Chester, Pennsylvania on April 23, 1863.