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Guide to the Records of the 1948 Election Voting Study in Elmira, New York
1939-1972 (bulk 1948-1954)
 MS 196

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Jiyang Chun

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on May 19, 2017
English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Container List

Series I. General Project Documents, 1939-1972 (bulk 1948-1954). 5.0 Linear feet

Arrangement Note

In 2017, in large part the project files were found in no particular order by the processing archivist. Accordingly, the arrangement of the series was established by the archivist. The series is divided into eight groups: administrative documents, questionnaire drafts, survey documents, code books, analysis documents, book drafts, reference documents, and miscellaneous. Each group is arranged in chronological order. Most folder labels were transcribed from the original folder. For loose or unlabeled documents, the processing archivist assigned a label; these are indicated in [brackets].

Scope and Contents Note

The series includes seven types of documents related to the Elmira study: administrative documents, questionnaire drafts, survey documents, code books, analysis of the data collected in the surveys, book drafts, and reference documents. The administrative documents include memos, correspondence, and minutes concerning the planning of the 1948 election study, communication with other scholars to develop study details, progress reports, and letters to companies and research organizations to gather support. The series includes early drafts of each wave of the questionnaires, indicating their relationship to the study plan; survey documents, including maps of Elmira, record of interviews, and survey instructions for the field team; code books and related instructions for analyzing the outcome of the survey by using computers; the analysis of the data and survey outcomes, including memos and calculations; and drafts of each chapter of Voting, dust jackets, and the final version of the book. The series also includes the academic reference materials bearing on the Elmira study, including other scholars’ analyses of the effects of mass media during presidential campaigns and the formation of public opinion in the late 1930s to early 1940s.

The series also includes a group of miscellaneous documents that are unrelated or indirectly related to the Elmira project. These documents include Bernard Berelson's diplomas and individual correspondence with the University of Chicago; radio studies in Italy, Greece, and Turkey; a health survey from Columbus, Ohio; and a student survey in 1965.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: - Folder : - Administrative Documents
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Lazarsfield Memo on Politics
1940s?
Box: 1 Folder : 2-4 Documents & Intro & First Wave (3 folders)
1947-1948 August
Box: 1 Folder : 5-6 General (2 folders)
1948 April-June
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Publicity Releases
1948 April-October
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Rand Corporation B.B [Bernard Berelson]
1947 August-1951 May
Box: 1 Folder : 9-10 AAPOR [American Association for Public Opinion Research] Research Development and Committee (2 folders)
1948 May-1951 April
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence Preceding & During the Campaign
1948 May-November
Box: 1 Folder : 12-14 Correspondence [Bernard Berelson] (3 folders)
1948 January-1951 May
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Elmira [Memorandums and Questionnaire drafts]
1948 May
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Progress Report [Bernard Berelson]
1948 August
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Elmira-Current [Memorandums]
1948 November-December
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Cornell Inventory
1948 December 31
Box: 1 Folder : 19 [Minutes of Meeting]
1949 March 14
Box: 1 Folder : 20 [Course] #492 Communication & Public Opinion
1949 March-May
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Project- Correspondence with Cornell
1949 November-1950 May
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Change- Chapter Notes
1950s~?
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Correspondence re: Analysis
1950 October-1953 December
Box: 1 Folder : 24 David Gleicer
1950 May-1951 January
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Organization F: Democratic Theory
1951 June 28
Box: 1 Folder : 26 [Elmo Roper Joins NBC During 1952 Election]
1952 January 10
Box: 1 Folder : 27 Handbook for Politics: McPhee's Memo to Lipset
Circa. 1952
Box: 1 Folder : 28 Correspondence [to Universities]
1953 March-April
Box: - Folder : - Questionnaire Drafts
Box: 1 Folder : 29-30 Correspondence and Memos re: Study & Questionnaire Construction (2 folders)
1948 May-1950 June
Box: 1 Folder : 31-32 Wave I Questionnaires from 1st to Final Draft (2 folders)
1948 June
Box: 1 Folder : 33 Wave I Blank Callback Sheets and Questionnaires
1948 June
Box: 1 Folder : 34 Wave II Questionnaire from 1st to the Final Draft
1948 July
Box: 1 Folder : 35 Wave II Pre-test Draft
1948 August
Box: 1 Folder : 36 [Wave II Blank Second Questionnaires]
1948 August
Box: 1 Folder : 37 Wave III Questionnaires
1948 September
Box: 1 Folder : 38 Wave III
1948 September
Box: 1 Folder : 39 Wave III Questionnaires from the First to the Final Draft
1948 September-October
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Wave IV Questionnaires
1948 November
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Post-Election Questionnaires - Not Used
1948 November
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Wave IV Blank Questionnaires
1948 November
Box: 2 Folder : 4 1950 Elmira Follow-up Study
1950 April-July
Box: - Folder : - Survey Documents
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Maps of Elmira (1 of 2 folders)

Scope and Contents Note

These folders include the maps showing the segments that the study team divided Elmira and the surrounding communities into for purposes of establishing the interview sample.

Circa 1948
Oversize: small Maps of Elmira (2 of 2 folders). Oversize
1945-1947
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Listing Instructions
1948 May 14
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Selection of Respondent
1948 June
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Sample: Townships & Wards
1948 June-August
Box: 2 Folder : 9-10 Instructions for Interviewers (2 folders)
1948 June-September
Box: 2 Folder : 11-16 Listing Sheets: Segments 1-300 (6 folders)
1948 May
Box: 2 Folder : 17-18 [Selected Series of Questionnaires] (2 folders)
1948 June-November
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Interviewer Comments. Wave I
1948 June
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Background & Intensive Interviews
1948 July
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Elmira Intensive Interviews: Communications
1948 August
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Interviews 2a
1948 August
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Intensive Interviews: Inter-Group Relations - Ethnic, Religious, Racial
1948 June-September
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Intensive Interviews: Union Leaders
1948 June- August
Box: 2 Folder : 25 [Letters to Respondents, Returned by Post Office]
1948 November
Box: 2 Folder : 26 ["Safari to Elmira"]
1948?
Box: - Folder : - Code Books
Box: 2 Folder : 27-31 Code Books (5 folders)
Circa 1948
Box: 2 Folder : 32 Coding Copies of Code Books
Circa 1948
Box: 2 Folder : 33 Coding Instructions and Interview Guides
1948 June-September
Box: 2 Folder : 34 Editing & Coding Instruction. Memos re: Coding
1948 June-1950 March
Box: - Folder : - Analysis Documents
Box: 3 Folder : 1 History of Democratic Party
1948 June
Box: 3 Folder : 2-3 [Pre-1948 Election Survey and Analysis] (2 folders)
1948 July
Box: 3 Folder : 4 [Documents Sent to Bernard Berelson]
1948 October
Box: 3 Folder : 5-7 [Newspaper Clippings and Radio Speeches] (3 folders)
1948 October
Box: 3 Folder : 8 [Newspaper Clippings on the Election]
1948 October
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Organizations Classified by Major Functions
Circa 1948 June
Box: 3 Folder : 10 [Memos and Survey Analysis]
1948 November-1949
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Actual Vote Records
1948 December-1949 January
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Trend [Respondent Type and Effects of Mortality Analysis]
Circa 1949
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Gilliam Long-term Change Memos
Circa 1949
Box: 3 Folder : 14 McCarthy: Sampling Procedure in Elmira
1949 October 27
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Thielens [Preliminary Report on the Elmira Mortality]
Circa 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Factors Analysis Study
Circa 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 17-18 [Memos, Correspondence & Analysis] (2 folders)
1950 March-November
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Various Memos Re: Analysis
Circa 1951
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Interest in Election
1951 April
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Suggetions For Analysis: Mostly PFL (Lazarsfield) at Various Times
Circa 1951
Box: 3 Folder : 22-23 Content Analysis (2 folders)
Circa 1951-1952
Box: 3 Folder : 24-25 CMTN [Communication] & Discussion: Used (2 folders)
Circa 1952
Box: 3 Folder : 26-29 Materials Used in Perception Section (4 folders)
Circa 1952
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Robbie Rule Model
1953 April
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Material from Cornell & Ecological Data
1953 October 2
Box: - Folder : - Book Drafts
Box: 3 Folder : 32 Organization of Book
1950 August 22
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Grounds for Decision Chapter
1950 November
Box: 3 Folder : 34-35 Perception Chapter (2 folders)
1950 December
Box: 3 Folder : 36-37 Early Chapter Drafts (2 folders)
1950 December-1951 March
Box: 3 Folder : 38-39 Manuscript. Communication & Discussion Section (2 folders)
1951 February
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Dean: Unions in Elmira
Circa 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Early Draft of Group Chapter
Circa 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Kaplan Draft: Group Homogeneity
Circa 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 4 John Dean: Outline Role of Party
Circa 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Early Draft of Chapter 7 (New Chapter 7)
Circa 1952
Box: 4 Folder : 6 J. Dean: Political Parties-Draft
1952 June
Box: 4 Folder : 7 New Dean Chapter on Parties
1952 June
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Notes, Memos, Etc. Re: Group Chapter
1952
Box: 4 Folder : 9-10 Early Drafts of Issue Chapter (2 folders)
Circa 1953
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Early Draft of Chapter 9
1953 July
Box: 4 Folder : 12-13 Notes, Papers, Memos Re: Issue Chapter (2 folders)
1952 January-1953 October
Box: 4 Folder : 14 [Early Draft of The People's Second Choice]
1954
Box: 4 Folder : 15 1953 December Draft
1953 December
Box: 4 Folder : 16 [Dust Jackets of Voting]
1954
Box: - Folder : - Reference Documents
Box: 4 Folder : 17 [An Index of the Papers in Elmira Box 6]
Post 1954
Box: 4 Folder : 18-19 Book I (2 folders) [Binder Content]
1950 January-June
Box: 4 Folder : 20-21 Book II (2 folders) [Binder Content]
1949 May-1950 June
Box: 4 Folder : 22-23 Box III (2 folders) [Binder Content]
1949 May- 1950 July
Box: 4 Folder : 24-25 Book IV (2 folders) [Binder Content]
1950 July
Box: 4 Folder : 26 Time of Final Decision, Scott Hunter
Circa 1948
Box: 4 Folder : 27 Anonymous, Communication Analysis
1948 December
Box: 4 Folder : 28 Anonymous, Paper on Local vs. National Elections
Circa 1949
Box: 4 Folder : 29 Birnbaum, The Feeling of Influence
1950 August
Box: 4 Folder : 30 Crosetti,The Process of Short-Term Change
Circa 1950
Box: 4 Folder : 31 Baxter, Crosstabulation of Interpersonal Influence Questions
Circa 1949
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Dinerman, 1948 Votes in the Making
1948 December, 1972
Box: 5 Folder : 2 David Gold Paper
Circa 1950
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Gray, Class Structure and Vote in Elmira
Circa 1949
Box: 5 Folder : 4-5 B. Hockey Papers (2 folders)
1950 February
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Index of Political Predisposition
Circa 1950
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Kaplan, Sandusky Replication
Circa 1950
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Awareness of Political Conflict
Circa 1949
Box: 5 Folder : 9 McPhee: A Dysfunctional Analysis
Circa 1953
Box: 5 Folder : 10 H.Senft, Changers Communication
1950 February
Box: 5 Folder : 11 "Certain Hypotheses with Regard to Movies and Radio"
1939 September
Box: 5 Folder : 12 [Studies on Film]
1939 September-1945 May
Box: 5 Folder : 13 "Public Communications and Public Opinions"
1941 April
Box: 5 Folder : 14 "Analyzing the Content of Mass Communication"
1942 September
Box: 5 Folder : 15 "Effect of Chicago Sun on War Attitudes"
Circa 1944
Box: 5 Folder : 16 [Memo on Magazine Study]
1944
Box: 5 Folder : 17 [Documents on Radio Analysis]
Circa 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 18 Reports on Chicago Material
Circa 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 19 [Effect of Mass Media Analysis]
1946 September
Box: 5 Folder : 20 "To What Extent Are Newspaper Columnists Read?"
1947 March
Box: 5 Folder : 21 Memo on General Problem and Related Content Analysis
1947
Box: 5 Folder : 22 Audience Analysis
Circa 1947
Box: 5 Folder : 23 [Studies on Communications Control]
Circa 1947
Box: 5 Folder : 24 The University of Chicago Magazine
1949 January
Box: 5 Folder : 25 "An Analysis of the 1948 Presidential Pre-Election Polls"
1949 August
Box: 5 Folder : 26 N.Y State Business Facts Elmira Area: 1954 Supplement
1954
Box: - Folder : - Miscellaneous
Box: 5 Folder : 27 [Degrees of Bernard Berelson]

Scope and Contents Note

Includes Berelson's B.A. and Ph.D. Also includes a contract concerning the publication of What Reading Does to People.

1936, 1941
Box: 5 Folder : 28 Correspondence-Chicago
1944 October- 1946 April
Box: 5 Folder : 29-30 [Analysis of Radio in Turkey] (2 folders)
1949 June- November
Box: 5 Folder : 31 [Analysis of Radio in Italy]
1949 September
Box: 5 Folder : 32 [Analysis of Radio in Greece]
1949 September
Box: 5 Folder : 33 Reports on Turkey and Greece
1949 October- 1950 January
Box: 5 Folder : 34-35 [Columbus Community Survey-Health] (2 folders)
Circa 1948
Box: 5 Folder : 36 [Students' Questionnaire]

Scope and Contents Note

Includes one survey of a 10th grade student from Madison High School in New Jersey concerning public high school education.

1965 April

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