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Guide to the Frey Family Papers
1793-1917 (Bulk 1825-1890)
  MS 235

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


@ 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Melissa Haley

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on October 21, 2011
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: Frey Family Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1793-1917 (bulk 1825-1890)
Abstract: The Frey Family Papers primarily document multiple generations of the Frey and related Ludlow and Van Schaack families of upstate New York and elsewhere. The bulk of the collection is correspondence (16 boxes), detailing family news, health matters, and deaths; opinions on religion, politics, and the Civil War; financial, legal, and property issues and troubles; family history and genealogy.
Quantity: 10.5 Linear feet (25 boxes)
Location note: Manuscript cage
Call Phrase: MS 235

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Biographical Note

This collection contains items for over one hundred individuals. See family trees (available at repository) for the Frey, Ludlow, and Van Schaack families for relationships, birth and death dates. These trees were compiled from a variety of sources, including the items in the collection.

Many individuals in this collection had nicknames and used them often in correspondence. The following nicknames are commonly used:

Frey, Adelle Reynolds "Dell"
Frey, Augustus Beardslee "Gus"
Frey, Caroline [b.1868] "Carrie"
Frey, Elizabeth Van Schaack "Betsey"
Frey, Henrietta Swift "Etta"
Frey, Henry A. "Harry"
Frey, John [d.1858] "Johnny"
Frey, Samuel Ludlow "Ludlow," "Lud"
Winne, Caroline Frey G. "Carrie," "Sis"
Winne, Charles K. Jr. "Bopper"

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Scope and Content Note

The Frey Family Papers primarily document multiple generations of the Frey and related Ludlow and Van Schaack families of upstate New York and elsewhere. The bulk of the collection is correspondence (16 boxes), detailing family news, health matters, and deaths; opinions on religion, politics, and the Civil War; financial, legal, and property issues and troubles; family history and genealogy. The larger correspondence subseries include letters from Caroline Frey Winne written from army postings in the western United States during the 1870s and 1880s; letters from Samuel Ludlow Frey concerning the family farm and finances; and letters from John Frey regarding financial, legal, and property matters. Letters from Henry A. Frey detail his ongoing financial, familial, and marital difficulties. Various members of the Ludlow family are also represented, presenting their opinions on religion, politics, and current events.

This collection also contains diaries; financial, legal, and property records; genealogies; poetry; ephemera; organizational and educational material; drafts of writings; notes, memoranda, and extracts; newspapers and clippings; sketches; one photograph; and documents relating to a southern gold mine.

The Frey Family Papers support research in the histories of New York State (major locations represented include Palatine Bridge, Oswego, New York City, Albany, Kinderhook); nineteenth century family life and religion; the Civil War; and late nineteenth century western history (letters of Caroline Frey Winne). This collection also supports research in nineteenth century women's history. The letters of Caroline Ludlow Frey, Christina Cantine, Elizabeth Van Schaack Frey, Anna Ludlow, Ellen Ludlow, and Helen Ludlow, for example, discuss family and social lives, health, religion, childrearing, politics, and current events (see subseries descriptions for details). In addition, the Frey Family Papers contain a number of letters written by children. See especially Caroline Frey ["Carrie" b.1868], Helen Frey, John Frey ["Johnny" d.1858], Wallace Jones, and Charles K. Winne, Jr.

Arrangement

Correspondence arranged by sender. See container list for other series arrangements.

The collection is organized into the following seventeen series:

  1. Series I. Correspondence, 1793-1917, undated
  2. Series II. Diaries, 1821-[18]92, undated
  3. Series III. Financial Records, 1799-1912, undated
  4. Series IV. Legal Material, 1799-1865, undated
  5. Series V. Land and Property Records, 1806-1873, undated
  6. Series VI. Genealogical Material, undated
  7. Series VII. Poetry, undated
  8. Series VIII. Ephemera, 1818-[1904], undated
  9. Series IX. Organizational Material, 1880-1911, undated
  10. Series X. Educational Material, 1833-1857, undated
  11. Series XI. Drafts, 1799, 1852, undated
  12. Series XII. Notes, Memoranda and Extracts, 1849-1891, undated
  13. Series XIII. Gold Mine Documents, 1844-1866
  14. Series XIV. Newspapers, Clippings and Reprints, 1860-1907, undated
  15. Series XV. Sketches, undated
  16. Series XVI. Photograph, undated
  17. Series XVII. Fragments, undated

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Cantine, Christina M.
  • Crazy Horse, ca. 1842-1877.
  • Frey, Augustus Beardslee.
  • Frey, Caroline Ludlow, 1803-1873.
  • Frey, Henry A., d. 1885.
  • Frey, Henry I., 1780-1832.
  • Frey, Henry.
  • Frey, John, 1806-1886.
  • Frey, Samuel Ludlow, 1833-1924.
  • Ludlow, H. G. (Henry Gilbert), 1797-1867.
  • Ludlow, Samuel Baldwin, b. 1791.
  • Sitting Bull, 1834?-1890.
  • Winne, Caroline Frey.

Document Type

  • Account books.
  • Accounts.
  • Advertisements.
  • Circulars.
  • Clippings.
  • Contracts.
  • Correspondence.
  • Diaries.
  • Drafts (documents)
  • Drawings.
  • Estate inventories.
  • Fliers (printed matter)
  • Genealogies.
  • Indentures.
  • Invitations.
  • Legal documents.
  • Memorandums.
  • Notebooks.
  • Poetry.
  • Programs.
  • Receipts.
  • Reports.
  • Spiritual journals.

Subject Organizations

  • Alexander Hamilton United States Custom House (New York, N.Y.)
  • First Presbyterian Church (Poughkeepsie, N.Y.)
  • North Western Insurance Company.
  • Spring Street Presbyterian Church (New York, N.Y.)
  • United States. Army--Military life.
  • United States. Army--Officers.
  • United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 110th (1862-1865)

Subject Topics

  • Adultery--United States.
  • African American children--Education.
  • Agriculture--New York (State)--Palatine Bridge.
  • Army spouses--West (U.S.)
  • Child rearing--United States.
  • Divorce--United States.
  • Family--New York (State)
  • Family--Religious life.
  • Farm life--New York (State)
  • Frontier and pioneer life--West (U.S.)
  • Gold mines and mining--North Carolina.
  • Gold mines and mining--South Carolina.
  • Indians of North America--Government relations.
  • Indians of North America--Rites and ceremonies.
  • Indians of North America--Wars.
  • Law--Study and teaching--New York (State)
  • Marital conflict.
  • Religious education--New York (State)
  • Women--Religious life--New York (State)

Subject Places

  • Benicia Barracks (Calif.)
  • Darien (Wisc.)
  • Florida--Description and travel.
  • Fort McPherson (Ga.)
  • Fort Sidney (Neb.)
  • Fort Wadsworth (N.Y.)
  • Fort Washakie (Wyo.)
  • Mohawk River Valley (N.Y.)--History.
  • New York (State)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • New York (State)--Politics and government.
  • New York (State)--Religious life and customs--19th century.
  • New York (State)--Social life and customs--19th century.
  • Oswego (N.Y.)
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Supplies.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.

Family Name(s)

  • Herkimer family.
  • Ludlow family.
  • Van Scoyoc family.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Portions of the collection that have been microfilmed will be brought to the researcher in that format and can be made available by Interlibrary loan.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. (Researchers may not accrue unused copy amounts from previous days.) Researchers on site may print out unlimited copies from microfilm reader-printer machines at per-exposure rates. See guidelines in Reading room for details.

Use Restrictions

Permission to quote from this collection in a publication must be requested and granted in writing. Send permission requests, citing the name of the collection from which you wish to quote, to

Library Director
The New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as the Frey Family Papers, The New-York Historical Society.

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Container List

Series I: Correspondence, 1793-1917, undated

Scope and Contents note

Sixteen boxes. Arranged alphabetically by sender, into 102 subseries. Letters with multiple authors are filed under the first name to appear. Women, if married, are filed under their final surname.

Subseries 1. Letters sent, A
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters sent, A
Subseries 2. Backus, E.F., 1833-1836

Scope and Contents note

Letters concern land purchase, property.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letters sent, Backus, E.F.
1833-1836
Subseries 3. Baldwin family, 1793-1900

Scope and Contents note

Letters concern family news, deaths, and history.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Letters sent, Baldwin family
1793-1900
Subseries 4. Ball, Amy, 1899-1900

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Samuel Ludlow Frey regarding family history and genealogy.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Letters sent, Ball, Amy
1899-1900
Subseries 5. Ball, Jane G., 1861-1898

Scope and Contents note

Letters concerning family matters.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Ball, Jane G.
1861-1898
Subseries 6. Ball, Margaret, 1859-1878, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters regarding family matters, health, current events.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Ball, Margaret
1859-1878, undated
Subseries 7. Barber, Edwin A., 1881-1912

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Samuel Ludlow Frey regarding pottery, china, stoneware.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Barber, Edwin A.
1881-1912, undated
Subseries 8. Beardslee, Augustus, 1829, 1834-1838, 1859-1863

Scope and Contents note

Letters concerning financial matters, family (esp. the deaths of Philip Frey and Elizabeth Frey Beardslee), family strife.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Beardslee, Augustus
1829, 1834-1838, 1859-1863
Subseries 9. Beardslee, Elizabeth Frey, 1822-1837, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters regarding family, local news, deaths of friend, brother, and child, medical and health matters, child rearing and weaning.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Beardslee, Elizabeth Frey
1822-1837, undated
Subseries 10. Beardslee, Ethel, 1910-1913, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters concern family news, books read, travels.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Letters sent: Beardslee, Ethel
1910-1913, undated
Subseries 11. Beekman, J.P. [John], 1838-1839

Scope and Contents note

Letters regarding finances, wool.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Letters sent: Beekman, J.P.
1838-1839
Subseries 12. Beekman, Lydia, 1830-1866, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters concern family matters, especially condolence letters for the deaths of Henry Van Schaack Frey, Henry I. Frey, Elizabeth Frey Beardslee, and Phebe Ludlow.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Letters sent: Beekman, Lydia
1830-1866
Subseries 13. Beekman, Thomas, 1835-1863

Scope and Contents note

Letters regarding property, finances, family deaths.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Letters sent: Beekman, Thomas
1835-1863
Subseries 14. Bishop, John C., 1855-1856

Scope and Contents note

Letters Johnny Frey and Samuel Ludlow Frey concerning school, penmanship, holidays, alcohol, farm life, weather, and politics.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Letters sent: Bishop, John C.
1855-1856
Subseries 15. Booth, Emma L., 1883-1898, undated

Scope and Contents note

Travel letters from Italy, Scotland.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Letters sent: Booth, Emma L.
1855-1856
Subseries 16. Briggs, B.F., 1866-1867

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Henry A. Frey regarding gold mining ventures in the Carolinas, especially at King's Mountain, N.C.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Letters sent: Briggs, B.F.
1866-1867
Subseries 17. Letters sent, B
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Letters sent: B
Subseries 18. Cantine, Christina, 1821-1852, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Caroline Ludlow Frey regarding courtship, friendship, local gossip, religion, social news, local and family deaths.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Cantine, Christina
1821-1829
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Cantine, Christina
1836-1852, undated
Subseries 19. Conkling family, 1813, 1826, 1845-1864, 1881

Scope and Contents note

Letters from Conkling family members regarding family matters, politics. Includes:

Alfred (1813, 1826, 1848, 1849), Alfred R. (1912), Aurelian (1845-1861), Harriette (1861-1881), Roscoe (1854, 1864).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Conkling family
1813, 1826, 1845-1864, 1881
Subseries 20. Cox family, 1833, 1854-1856

Scope and Contents note

Includes letters from Henry F. Cox, including two lengthy letters from abroad (Syria and Egypt, 1856, 1857) that describe his travels throughout the Mid East and down the Nile River. There are also letters from Margaret and Seraphine Cox.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Cox family
1833, 1854-1856
Subseries 21. Letters sent, C
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Ca-Cl
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Co-Cu
Subseries 22. Davies, Henry E., 1825-1870

Scope and Contents note

Letters, mostly to John Frey, concerning the Davies family, romantic advice, religion, Frey's financial matters, the Civil War.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Davies, Henry E.
1825-1870
Subseries 23. Deuel, F. Dygert, 1902-1904

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Samuel Ludlow Frey regarding Herkimer, Dygert and Deuel family genealogies, New York State history.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Deuel, F. Dygert
1902-1904
Subseries 24. Letters sent, D
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Letters sent: D
Subseries 25. Letters sent, E
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Letters sent: E
Subseries 26. Frey, Adelle Reynolds, 1866, 1872-1880, undated ["Dell"]

Scope and Contents note

Letters concerning the family farm, weather, family news, health.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Frey, Adelle
1866, 1872-1880, undated
Subseries 27. Frey, Augustus B., 1851-1883, 1903, 1917, undated ["Gus"]

Scope and Contents note

Letters to various family members dealing with family news, his work in the insurance industry, politics (particularly the election of 1860 and his enthusiasm over Lincoln), New York State excursions, the Civil War (Frey joined a Zouaves regiment, the 110th NYSV, in the Union Army summer of 1862), job prospects after the war, weather.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Frey, Augustus B.
1851-1862 July
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Frey, Augustus B.
1862 Sept.-1871
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Frey, Augustus B.
1873-1883, 1903, 1917, undated
Subseries 28. Frey, Caroline Ludlow, 1813-1872, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters to her various family members, children and husband concerning family matters, deaths, religion, health and ailments, advice to children, sewing.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Frey, Caroline Ludlow
1813-1862 June
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Frey, Caroline Ludlow
1862 Nov.-1872
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Frey, Caroline Ludlow (to Caroline Frey Winne)
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Frey, Caroline Ludlow
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Frey, Caroline Ludlow
Undated
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Frey, Caroline Ludlow
Undated
Subseries 29. Frey, Caroline, 1873-1886 ["Carrie"]

Scope and Contents note

Mostly childhood letters to her grandfather concerning activities on the farm. Also letters from Wells College, Aurora, NY, describing her studies there.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Frey, Carrie
1874-1886
Subseries 30. Frey, Elizabeth Van Schaack, 1824-1833, undated ["Betsey"]

Scope and Contents note

Letters (most to her son John) offering advice, and detailing family news, her religious convictions, local gossip, and the deaths of three of her children.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Frey, Elizabeth Van Schaack
1824-1833, undated
Subseries 31. Frey, George H., 1873-1881

Scope and Contents note

Letters (most from Springfield, OH) regarding family news and deaths (particularly his father, wife, and children), family history, politics (esp. the 1876 election and Conkling), Custer, and other contemporary events.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Frey, George H.
1873-1881
Subseries 32. Frey, Helen, [1878]-1882, undated

Scope and Contents note

Childhood letters about the farm, family.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Frey, Helen
[1878]-1882, undated
Subseries 33. Frey, Henrietta Swift, 1875-1882 ["Etta"]

Scope and Contents note

Letters concerning family news, her children's activities.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Frey, Henrietta
1875-1882
Subseries 34. Frey, H[enry], 1847-1864

Scope and Contents note

Letters from Darien, WI, promoting Wisconsin and detailing local life, particularly farming, the railroad. Also discusses the family, health, weather, disease and death, finances, religion, politics (particularly the Republican Party and Roscoe Conkling), the impending secession, and the Civil War.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Frey, Henry ["H."]
1847-1864
Subseries 35. Frey, Henry A., 1854-1884, undated ["Harry"]

Scope and Contents note

Letters to family members (most from Cleveland, Chicago, and Indiana) regarding family matters, his involvement in coal dealing, various entrepreneurial schemes, continual financial troubles, his attempts to enlist in the Union army, involvement in the Civil War, and in a gold mining venture at King's Mountain, NC. Frey also discusses familial discord, his debts to family members, accusations of impropriety, the dissolution of his marriage, and his emotional troubles. There is a gap in the letters from 1864 to 1866.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Frey, Henry A.
1854-1858
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Frey, Henry A.
1859-1860
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Letters sent: Frey, Henry A.
1861-1862 July
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Frey, Henry A.
1862 Aug.-1873
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Frey, Henry A.
1874-1878
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Frey, Henry A.
1879
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Frey, Henry A.
1879-1884, undated
Subseries 36. Frey, Henry A. [probably son of Augustus B. Frey], 1912

Scope and Contents note

One letter about the birth of his son.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Frey, Henry A.
1912
Subseries 37. Frey, Henry I., 1820-1830, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters (most to son John) regarding family and farm news, health, land sales, local news.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Frey, Henry I.
1824-1828, undated
Subseries 38. Frey, Henry Van Schaack, 1824-1828

Scope and Contents note

Letters describing his school and fellow students, travels in New York State, future plans.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Frey, Henry Van Schaack
1824-1828
Subseries 39. Frey, J.W., 1858-1859

Scope and Contents note

Letters about family history, the death of his son.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Frey, J.W.
1858-1859
Subseries 40. Frey, John [1806-1886], 1825-1886, undated

Scope and Contents note

Early letters detail his schooling, legal studies, his religious conversion at the age of twenty, and his 1828 marriage to Caroline Ludlow. In late1829, Frey accompanied his brother Henry to St. Augustine, FL, where the latter hoped to find respite from his lung ailment. Letters from Florida describe local population, food, Henry's health and subsequent death in early 1830. Frey's letters from 1830 to 1865 concern his finances, family, legal matters, property and land sales, the farm and planting, limestone and willow trees, family strife with the Beardslees, and the Civil War. There is a gap in the letters from 1845 to 1850, and from 1865 to 1872. After 1872, and a move to Hoboken, N.J., the letters concern the death of his wife (1873), his job at the Custom House, New York City, grandchildren, family news and health. There is also a gap from 1874 to 1877.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Frey, John
1825-1827 May
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Letters sent: Frey, John
1827 June-1829 Oct
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Frey, John
1829 Nov-1830
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Frey, John
1831-1844
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Frey, John
1850-1858 Feb
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Frey, John
1858 June-1860 June
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Frey, John
1860 July-1866 May
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Frey, John
1861 June-1862 April
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Frey, John
1862 June-1865
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Frey, John
1872-1878
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Frey, John
1879-1886
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Frey, John
Undated
Subseries 41. Frey, John ["Johnny" d. 1858], 1856-1857

Scope and Contents note

Letters about farm activities, weather.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Frey, John
1856-1857
Subseries 42. Frey, Mary C., 1876-[1880]

Scope and Contents note

Letters concern the dissolution of her marriage to Henry A. Frey, and finances.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Frey, Mary C.
1876-[1880]
Subseries 43. Frey, Philip, 1834

Scope and Contents note

One letter to his mother concerning the family.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Frey, Philip
1834
Subseries 44. Frey, Philip R., 1822

Scope and Contents note

One letter to his son about family matters.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Frey, Philip R.
1822
Subseries 45. Frey, Samuel C., 1852-1876

Scope and Contents note

Most letters are written from Decatur, AL, and detail family matters and history; opinions on the Civil War, Southern and national politics; local customs, gardening, weather, farming, keeping chickens, and cotton.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel C.
1852-1876
Subseries 46. Frey, Samuel Ludlow, 1850-1917, undated ["Ludlow," "Lud"]

Scope and Contents note

Early letters written from school in Poughkeepsie detail his studies, local events, family news (esp. Ludlow family), weddings and social events, dental procedures, and weather. Later letters from Palatine Bridge discuss the family's financial troubles, deaths, land sales, the Civil War, farming and winemaking, and health. There is a gap in the letters from 1865 to 1872. After 1872, his letters continue to describe finances and debt, farming, health, and local news. Also under discussion are his mother's death in 1873, other deaths, politics, the railroad, Henry A. Frey's continual financial troubles, digging for Indian relics, articles written and submitted for publication, and family news. There is another gap in the letters from 1883 to 1895. Later letters concern family and local history, and a dispute with the New York Central & Hudson River Co. over a fence and drainage on Frey property.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1850-1861
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1862-1865
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1872-1873 Apr
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1873 May-1874 Apr.
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1874 May-1875 June
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1875 July-1876
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1877-1878
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1879 Jan-Oct
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1879 Nov-1880
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1881
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1882-1883, 1889
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
1895-1917
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Frey, Samuel Ludlow
Undated
Subseries 47. Frey, Sue R., 1875-1878

Scope and Contents note

Letters from Racine, WI, regarding family news and history, health, deaths, women's rights.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Frey, Sue R.
1875-1878
Subseries 48. Letters sent, F
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Letters sent: F
Subseries 49. Greene, Annie, [19]12-1915

Scope and Contents note

Letters concerning New York State history.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Greene, Annie
[19]12-1915
Subseries 50. Greene, Estelle, 1911-[1913], undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters about Seattle, social events, travel plans.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Greene, Estelle
1911-[1913]
Subseries 51. Greene, Helen, 1912

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Samuel Ludlow Frey requesting that he speak before the Montgomery County Historical Society on Sir William Johnson.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Greene, Helen
1912
Subseries 52. Greene, Nelson, 1913-1917

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Samuel Ludlow Frey regarding New York State history, and Frey's writings including "The Story of Our River" and "The Mohawks."

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Greene, Nelson
1913-1917
Subseries 53. Letters sent, G
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Letters sent: G
Subseries 54. Havens, Paul E., 1898-1912

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Samuel Ludlow Frey from Leavenworth, KS about family history and news, travels.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Havens, Paul E.
1898-1912
Subseries 55. Hees, A., 1857-1876

Scope and Contents note

Letters, presumably to John Frey, containing family and local news, deaths, politics, health, financial matters, the death of Hees' wife, and Frey's legal troubles with George A. Johnson.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Hees, A.
1858-1859
Subseries 56. Letters sent, H
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Ha-He
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Hi-Hy
Subseries 57. Ives, Jane, 1873-1877, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters from Racine, WI concerning family health, news, deaths.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Ives, Jane
1873-1877
Subseries 58. Johnson, George G., 1854-1862

Scope and Contents note

Letters to John Frey regarding local news, finances, property sales, limestone, farming, politics, and the impending Civil War. Johnson also discusses his son Alonzo's financial dealings with Frey and his whereabouts in California.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Johnson, George G.
1854-1862
Subseries 59. Jones family, 1899-1913, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Samuel Ludlow Frey of holiday greetings, family news, school and college, and travels. Includes:

Barbara (1911-1912), Helen [probably Helen Jones Jr.] (1899, 1910), Helen [probably Helen Jones Sr.] (1910-1911),Wallace (1899, 1910-1913, undated).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Jones family
1899-1913, undated
Subseries 60. Letters sent, I-J
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Letters sent: I-J
Subseries 61. Kane, Elias, 1816-1826

Scope and Contents note

Letters to Henry I. Frey regarding finances, land sales.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Kane, Elias
1816-1819
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Letters sent: Kane, Elias
1820-1826
Subseries 62. Knox, Elizabeth, 1838-1876

Scope and Contents note

Letters discussing local news, deaths (particularly of Caroline Ludlow Frey), health and illness.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Letters sent: Knox, Elizabeth
1838-1876
Subseries 63. Letters sent, K
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Letters sent: K
Subseries 64. Lathrop, Maria Ludlow, 1825, 1835-1851, 1873

Scope and Contents note

Letters concerning family news, illnesses, and deaths (especially the death of her mother Phebe Ludlow); also her husband Rev. L.E. Lathrop's leaving his ministerial post.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Lathrop, Maria Ludlow
1825, 1835-1851, 1873
Subseries 65. Lathrop family, 1832, 1841, 1875

Scope and Contents note

Includes: Henry (1841), J.M. (1875), Leonard (1832); 1 item each.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Lathrop family
1832, 1841, 1875
Subseries 66. Ludlow, Anna D., 1862, 1868-1900

Scope and Contents note

Letters regarding family news, finances, health and illnesses, the death of her mother (1877), and the family vault. Some letters (1873-1875) are written from Savannah and Charlestown, detailing her work as a teacher of African-American children.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Ludlow, Anna D.
1862, 1868-1900
Subseries 67. Ludlow, Ellen, 1873-1900, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters written from Oswego, NY, most to John Frey, concerning the family, health, her father, Samuel Baldwin Ludlow, his illness and death (1882); religion and the local church, women and religion, the Beecher scandal; Oswego news, deaths, politics, weather.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Ludlow, Ellen
1873-1881
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Ludlow, Ellen
1882-1900, undated
Subseries 68. Ludlow, FitzHugh, 1850-1860, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters, most to Samuel Ludlow Frey, detailing family news, school life, opinions on religion, his religious conversion, lecturing stints.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Ludlow, FitzHugh
1850-1860, undated
Subseries 69. Ludlow, Helen, 1872-1913, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters about family news, reflections on her father, Rev. Henry Gilbert Ludlow; some items written from the Hampton Institute, Va., but do not go into great detail about school life; others written from St. Augustine, FL.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Ludlow, Helen
1872-1913, undated
Subseries 70. Ludlow, Henry Gilbert, Rev., 1824-1865, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters concerning the state of religion in New York City, New Haven, Poughkeepsie, religious instruction, Catholicism, cholera (1832), John Frey's financial troubles, illness and family deaths, death of his mother, Phebe Ludlow (1840), births, his children, love letters to his second wife Maria Tappen (1851).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Ludlow, Rev. Henry Gilbert
1824-1836
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Ludlow, Rev. Henry Gilbert
1837-1848
Box: 11 Folder : 10 Letters sent: Ludlow, Rev. Henry Gilbert
1851-1865, undated
Subseries 71. Ludlow, Maria Beekman Tappen, 1851

Scope and Contents note

Love letters to Rev. Henry Gilbert Ludlow, also discussing family and New York City news, FitzHugh Ludlow's future, and wedding plans.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Letters sent: Ludlow, Maria Beekman Tappen
1851
Subseries 72. Ludlow, Nancy Douglas, 1828-1829, 1872[?], undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters, most written from Philadelphia, concerning family and local news, religious revivals.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 12 Letters sent: Ludlow, Nancy Douglas
1828-1829, 1872[?], undated
Subseries 73. Ludlow, Samuel Baldwin, 1825-1881, undated

Scope and Contents note

Early letters (through 1831) are written from Philadelphia; from 1836 on, written from Oswego, NY. They discuss family news and troubles, health problems (particularly his eyes), local politics, businesses, including insurance, gas and railroad, politics, Ulysses S. Grant, Roscoe Conkling, racial issues (c1875), the Beecher scandal, his daughter Ellen, the last illness and death of his wife, Nancy Douglas Ludlow (1877), physical ailments.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Ludlow, Samuel Baldwin
1825-1841
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Ludlow, Samuel Baldwin
1846-1860
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Ludlow, Samuel Baldwin
1865-1872
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Ludlow, Samuel Baldwin
1873-1875
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Ludlow, Samuel Baldwin
1876-1878
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Ludlow, Samuel Baldwin
1879-1881, undated
Subseries 74. Ludlow family, others, 1828-1899, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes: Ambrose (1828, 1841; 2 items), [Elizabeth (prob., b.1830)] (1855-1856, undated; 5 items), Harry (1899; 1 item), Phebe (undated; 1 item), Rosalie (1860; 1 item), Samuel Baldwin, Jr. ["Baldwin"] (1856-1857; 4 items).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Ludlow family, others
1828-1899, undated
Subseries 75. Letters sent, L
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 12 Folder : 8 Letters sent: L
Subseries 76. Moore, David, 1857-1864

Scope and Contents note

Letters to John Frey, most written from California, regarding the prospects for California, Frey's financial and legal dispute with Alonzo Johnson and the latter's whereabouts, local news.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Moore, David
1857-1864
Subseries 77. Letters sent, M
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 1 Letters sent: M
Subseries 78. Letters sent, N
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 2 Letters sent: N
Subseries 79. Letters sent, O
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 3 Letters sent: O
Subseries 80. Pruyn, Margaret Van Schaack, 1824-1841

Scope and Contents note

Letters discussing family news, deaths of various family members.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Pruyn, Margaret Van Schaack
1824-1841
Subseries 81. Letters sent, P
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 5 Letters sent: P
Subseries 82. Rich, Dexter, 1855, 1858-1862

Scope and Contents note

Letters about the Frey family farm, cows, planting, and finances.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Rich, Dexter
1855, 1858-1862
Subseries 83. Letters sent, R
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 7 Letters sent: R
Subseries 84. Silvester, Margaret, 1830-1853, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters about family news and deaths.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Silvester, Margaret
1830-1853, undated
Subseries 85. Letters sent, S
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 9 Letters sent: S
Subseries 86. Letters sent, T
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 10 Letters sent: T
Subseries 87. Van Schaack, D.[avid], 1821-1868, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters, most to John Frey, concerning land sales, financial matters with Frey, family news and deaths.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 11 Letters sent: Van Schaack, D.[avid]
1821-1868, undated
Subseries 88. Van Schaack, Henry C., 1836-1873

Scope and Contents note

Letters about family news and deaths, visits, and Henry Van Schaack Frey's grave in St. Augustine.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 12 Letters sent: Van Schaack, Henry C.
1836-1873
Subseries 89. Van Schaack, Peter, 1806-1830, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters regarding land, finances, family news, and the death of Henry Van Schaack Frey.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Van Schaack, Peter
1806-1830, undated
Subseries 90. Van Schaack, Peter Jr., 1820, 1832, 1851, 1862, undated

Scope and Contents note

Letters concerning land, his father's health, family news and health.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Van Schaack, Peter Jr.
1820, 1832, 1851, 1862, undated
Subseries 91. Van Schaack, Peter C., 1825-1879

Scope and Contents note

Letters regarding family news, finances, the deaths of his mother, wife, and Caroline Ludlow Frey, romantic advice to John Frey.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Van Schaack, Peter C.
1825-1879
Subseries 92. Van Schaack family, others, 1848-1900, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes: Anna (1877; 2 items), Asa (1848; 1 item), Catherine (1877; 2 items), Christina (1 item), David (1900; 2 items), Dorcas (undated; 1 item), John Jay [probably son of David] (1863-1877; 4 items), Peter [son of Henry C.] (1868, 1899; 5 items).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Van Schaack family, others
1848-1900, undated
Subseries 93. Letters sent, V
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 5 Letters sent: V
Subseries 94. Wagner, P.J., 1839-1873

Scope and Contents note

Letters to John Frey regarding Frey's finances, national politics, land sales, the Wagner family, the Civil War, Frey's legal matters, foreclosure.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Wagner, P.J.
1839-1873
Subseries 95. Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings, 1851-1899, undated ["Carrie," "Sis"]

Scope and Contents note

On microfilm: Dec. 1874-May 1880, Misc. Reel #61. July 1883-July 1887, Misc. Reel #19.

Letters written from Nebraska (1874-1878) were published in Nebraska History, Spring 1981, pp. 1-46.

Caroline E. Frey married Col. Grotius R. Giddings in 1862; he died in 1867. She married army surgeon Dr. Charles K. Winne in 1874.

Chronology of postings:

1861-1865 Fort Trumbull, CT; New Orleans, LA; Oswego, NY; Palatine Bridge, NY
1874 Dec.-1877 Nov. Sidney Barracks, NE
1877 Nov.-1878 Jan. Fort McPherson, NE
1879 May-1880 May Fort Washakie, WY
1880 Aug. Fort Brady, MI
1880 Oct.-1883 Mar. Fort Schuyler, NY
1883 July-1883 Nov. Fort Winfield Scott, CA
1883 Dec.-1884 Sept. Angel Island, CA
1884 Oct.-1885 July Benicia Barracks, CA
1885 July-1887 July U.S. Arsenal, Benicia, CA
1887 Sept.-1890 May Fort Wadsworth, Staten Island, NY
1891 Nov. Fort Snelling, MN
1899 June Fort Crook, NE

Early letters detail family news and her first husband's illnesses, and her mother's death (1873). Letters from Nebraska (12/1874-1/1878), describe local Native Americans, a meeting with Sitting Bull (2/13/1875), her husband's family troubles, her pregnancy and difficult childbirth (1875), violent incidents in the frontier town, health and small pox, complaints about army life and servants, the death of Crazy Horse (letter 9/9/1877), the birth of Charles K. Winne Jr. (9/30/1877), her husband's position in the army and his opportunities for reappointment. Letters from 1878 through mid-1883 discuss the baby, the journey to Wyoming, and her health; and contain descriptions of Wyoming, including a Shoshone Sundance (5/25/1879). An eighteen-page letter of 6/17/1883 and postcards detail her transcontinental railroad journey to California. Letters from California contain family news; reports of her son's education; reactions to the deaths of Henry A. Frey and her father, John Frey; descriptions of the weather, local life, numerous post transfers; opinions on the Chinese and Chinese servants (see especially letters of 1/3/1886, 4/19/[1887], 10/9/1887).

Note: a number of Caroline Frey Winne's undated letters have been tentatively dated, in pencil and in brackets, by a previous processor. The accuracy of these dates has not been verified, and these letters have been moved into the undated folders at the end of the subseries.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1851-1860
Box: 14 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1861-1863
Box: 14 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1872-1873
Box: 14 Folder : 10 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1874
Box: 14 Folder : 11 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1875 Jan.-June
Box: 14 Folder : 12 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1875 July-Dec
Box: 14 Folder : 13 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1876
Box: 14 Folder : 14 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1877 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 14 Folder : 15 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1877 May-Aug
Box: 14 Folder : 16 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1877 Sept.-Dec.
Box: 14 Folder : 17 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1878
Box: 14 Folder : 18 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1879 Jan.-June
Box: 14 Folder : 19 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1879 July-Sept.
Box: 14 Folder : 20 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1879 Oct.-Dec.
Box: 15 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1880 Jan.-Mar.
Box: 15 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1880 Apr.-Dec.
Box: 15 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1881 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 15 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1881 May-Dec.
Box: 15 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1882
Box: 15 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1883 Jan.-Aug.
Box: 15 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1883 Sept.-Dec.
Box: 15 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1884 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 15 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1884 May-Aug.
Box: 15 Folder : 10 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1884 Sept.-Dec.
Box: 15 Folder : 11 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1885 Jan.-Mar.
Box: 15 Folder : 12 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1885 Apr.-June
Box: 15 Folder : 13 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1885 July-Sept.
Box: 15 Folder : 14 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1885 Oct.-Dec.
Box: 15 Folder : 15 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1886 Jan.-June
Box: 15 Folder : 16 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1886 July-Dec.
Box: 16 Folder : 1 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1887 Jan.-Apr.
Box: 16 Folder : 2 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1887 May-Dec.
Box: 16 Folder : 3 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
1898-1899
Box: 16 Folder : 4 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
Undated
Box: 16 Folder : 5 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
Undated [1872-1881]
Box: 16 Folder : 6 Letters sent: Winne, Caroline Frey Giddings
Undated [1883-1887]
Subseries 96. Winne, Charles K., 1875-1877, 1886

Scope and Contents note

Most letters concern Caroline Frey Winne's pregnancy in 1875 and her poor condition following childbirth (baby was stillborn or died soon after). Later letters discuss the birth of Charles K. Winne, Jr. and family matters.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 16 Folder : 7 Letters sent: Winne, Charles K.
1875-1877, 1886
Subseries 97. Winne, Charles K. Jr., 1886-1911 ["Bopper"]

Scope and Contents note

Mostly childhood letters about pets, excursions, family, botany. Later letters discuss family visits.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 16 Folder : 8 Letters sent: Winne, Charles K., Jr.
1886-1911
Subseries 98. Wynkoop, Francis, 1838-1879

Scope and Contents note

Letters concern John Frey's finances, family matters (both Frey and Wynkoop), mortgages, fishing, and the varnish business.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 16 Folder : 9 Letters sent: Wynkoop, Francis
1838-1879
Subseries 99. Letters sent, W
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 16 Folder : 10 Letters sent: W
Subseries 100. Letters sent, Y
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 16 Folder : 11 Letters sent: Y
Subseries 101. Letters sent, unidentified, 1799-1912, undated
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 16 Folder : 12 Letters sent: unidentified
1799-1859
Box: 16 Folder : 13 Letters sent: unidentified
1860-1912, undated
Subseries 102. Envelopes and stamps, 1893-1902, undated

Scope and Contents note

Alienated and blank envelopes; loose stamps.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 25 Folder : 4 Envelopes; stamps
1893-1902, undated

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Series II. Diaries, 1821-[18]92, undated

Subseries 1. Samuel Ludlow Frey, 1859-1886

Scope and Contents note

Brief entries in pocket diaries concerning family matters, weather, social events, playing cricket, politics, finances, fishing, botany, Indian relic hunting, and articles written. Most entries simply detail daily farm activities such as plowing and planting.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 17 Diaries: Samuel Ludlow Frey (19 volumes)
1859-1886
Subseries 2. Caroline Ludlow [Frey], 1821-1826

Scope and Contents note

Spiritual diaries. Many are unbound, loose sheets. Only the first of these diaries is signed by Caroline Ludlow [Frey], the rest are assumed to be hers. Entries are reflections on religion and particular sermons.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 1 Diaries: Caroline Ludlow [Frey]
1821-1826
Subseries 3. [Helen Ludlow], 1860

Scope and Contents note

Pocket diary probably belonging to Helen Ludlow. Entries detail daily household and social activities, family news, her emotional state, reading, cooking, trips to Niagara and Boston, her father's sermons, and what appears to be an aborted courtship. Notes in the back of the volume include a list of daily chores, poetry, and finances.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 17 Diaries: [Helen Ludlow]
1860
Subseries 4. John Frey, 1829-1830

Scope and Contents note

John Frey's brief travel diary of his excursion to St. Augustine, FL with his ailing brother Henry.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Diary: [John Frey], travels to St. Augustine, FL
1829-1830
Subseries 5. Unidentified, 1829-[18]92, undated

Scope and Contents note

This subseries includes an unidentified author's weather diary for Jan., 1829, an unidentified author's brief travel diary for a trip to Virginia in 1892, and a mostly blank pocket diary of an unidentified author.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Diary: unidentified, weather
1829 Jan. 1-12
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Diary: unidentified, travel diary to Va.
1892
Box: 17 Folder : Diary: unidentified
Undated

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Series III. Financial Records, 1799-1912, undated

Scope and Contents note

This series contains Frey family account books, bills, loose accounts, bonds, promissory notes, receipts, printed reports, and calculations. Sorted by last date on item. Printed reports include insurance company statements and annual reports for the town of Palatine, NY. Account books include two 1863 volumes (possibly belonging to Henry A. Frey) detailing items (alcohol, food, cigars) sold to Union troops.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 3 Financial Records
1799-1821
Box: 18 Folder : 4 Financial Records
1821-1828
Box: 18 Folder : 5 Financial Records
1829-1832
Box: 18 Folder : 6 Financial Records
1833-1834
Box: 18 Folder : 7 Financial Records
1835-1836
Box: 18 Folder : 8 Financial Records
1837-1844
Box: 19 Folder : 1 Financial Records
1845-1861
Box: 19 Folder : 2 Financial Records
1862-1865 July
Box: 19 Folder : 3 Financial Records
1865 Aug.-1867
Box: 19 Folder : 4 Financial Records
1871-1904
Box: 19 Folder : 5 Financial Records: Calculations and undated
Undated
Box: 19 Folder : 6 Financial Records: Printed reports
1856-1912
Box: 19 Folder : 7 Financial Records: Account book
1812-1837
Box: 19 Folder : 8 Financial Records: Account book
1863 Apr.-Nov.
Box: 19 Folder : 9 Financial Records: Account book
1863 Apr.-Sept.
Box: 19 Folder : 9 Financial Records: Account book
1865 Oct.

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Series IV. Legal Material, 1799-1865, undated

Scope and Contents note

This series includes indentures, bonds, court papers (including copies of opinions), notes, drafts of wills, agreements, estate inventories and papers, notices, articles of agreement. Many of the items concern John Frey's financial and legal troubles, especially the undated material.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 20 Folder : 1 Legal material
1799-1842
Box: 20 Folder : 2 Legal material
1846-1865
Box: 20 Folder : 3 Legal material
Undated

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Series V. Land and Property Records, 1806-1873, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes surveys, memorandum, records of patent lots, articles of agreement, indentures, and sales of Frey family land. Also one folder of house plans.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 20 Folder : 4 Land and property records
1806-1847
Box: 20 Folder : 5 Land and property records
1849-1873, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 6 Land and property records: house plans
Undated

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Series VI. Genealogical Material, undated

Scope and Contents note

This series includes family trees for the Van Schaack, Ludlow, and Herkimer families, as well as a North family register, and notes on the Herkimer, Yates, and Roach families.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 20 Folder : 7 Genealogical material
Undated

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Series VII. Poetry, undated

Scope and Contents note

This series contains copies of published poems, as well as poetry that is most likely original, including FitzHugh Ludlow's "Epistle from a brave of the Ludlow Tribe to a distinguished Mohawk," written for his cousin, Samuel Ludlow Frey.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 20 Folder : 8 Poetry
Undated

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Series VIII. Ephemera, 1818-[1904], undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes invitations, announcements, and programs for various events including balls, festivals, weddings, meetings, concerts, tournaments, and historical commemorations (including the 1876 centennial and an anniversary celebration of the Emancipation Proclamation at Hampton Institute); an announcement for the sale of the Frey family farm; death notices; advertisements for barbed wire fences, farm machinery, health remedies, wine making paraphernalia; circulars for beehives and globes; direct mail from the Republican State Committee; calling cards; catalogs for an antique auction with notes; and a railroad timetable for the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 20 Folder : 9 Ephemera: invitations, announcements, programs
1854-1891, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 10 Ephemera: announcement, sale of Frey farm
1856
Box: 20 Folder : 11 Ephemera: death notices
1818, [1873]-1886, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 12 Ephemera: advertisements
1884, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 13 Ephemera: circulars, direct mail
1880-1899, undated
Box: 20 Folder : 14 Ephemera: calling cards
Undated
Box: 20 Folder : 15 Ephemera: auction catalogs
[1904]
Box: 20 Folder : 16 Ephemera: railroad timetable
1878

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Series IX. Organizational Material, 1880-1911, undated

Scope and Contents note

This series contains material relating to the meetings of various organizations, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Oneida Historical Society, the Scotch-Irish Society of America, and the Daughters of the American Revolution. Also included is the handwritten, undated "Eighth Annual Report of the Female Praying Society."

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 21 Folder : 1 Organizational material
1880-1911, undated

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Series X. Educational Material, 1833-1857, undated

Scope and Contents note

This series contains report cards, an achievement certificate for Frey children, and two school notebooks.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 21 Folder : 2 Report cards, certificate
1851, 1857, undated
Box: 21 Folder : 3 Notebook: Ceylina North, "Practical Arithmetic"
1833
Box: 21 Folder : 4 Notebook: unidentified [possibly Elizabeth Frey], "Deffinitions," geographical terms
Undated

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Series XI. Drafts, 1799, 1852, undated

Scope and Contents note

Drafts for Samuel Ludlow Frey's, The Story of Our River and  The Colonel and the Major. Also a draft of an article probably written by Frey, "Were They Mound Builders," and a brief, early essay of his (possibly for school) entitled "Old, times." Drafts of writings in the hand of John Frey discuss politics, slavery, homeopathy, and insurance. This series also includes what appear to be drafts of addresses, in the hand of John Frey. Topics include temperance, farming and agriculture, slavery, religion, politics, and education. As one document names Frey as recorder for an unnamed society, these addresses are not necessarily his own work. In addition, three drafts of works by unidentified authors are located in this series.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 21 Folder : 5 Drafts: SLF, The Colonel and the Major, Ch. 1-2
Undated
Box: 21 Folder : 6 Drafts: SLF, The Colonel and the Major, Ch. 3-4
Undated
Box: 21 Folder : 7 Drafts: SLF, The Colonel and the Major, Ch. 5-6
Undated
Box: 21 Folder : 8 Drafts: SLF, The Colonel and the Major, Ch. 7-8
Undated
Box: 21 Folder : 9 Drafts: SLF, The Colonel and the Major, Ch. 9-10
Undated
Box: 21 Folder : 10 Drafts: SLF, The Colonel and the Major, Ch. 11
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 1 Drafts: SLF, The Story of Our River, Ch. 1-3
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 2 Drafts: SLF, The Story of Our River, Ch. 4-5
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 3 Drafts: SLF, The Story of Our River, Ch. 8-9
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 4 Drafts: [SLF], others
1852, undated
Box: 22 Folder : 5 Drafts: bulk [John Frey]
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 6 Drafts: addresses, bulk [John Frey]
1799, undated
Box: 22 Folder : 7 Drafts: addresses [John Frey]
Undated

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Series XII. Notes, Memoranda and Extracts, 1849-1891, undated

Scope and Contents note

Many of the loose sheets are unidentified. They include extracts from plays, speeches, newspapers; quotations; axioms; religious notes; fragments of writings on various topics; lists; exercises. Notes attributed to Samuel Ludlow Frey have been previously separated. They consist of notes about history and books; quotations; and extracts.

Bound notebooks include Samuel Ludlow Frey's "Flora of Palatine"; an unidentified volume containing "Speech of Hon. Hen. Wilson," and religious reflections and notes; an unidentified volume containing notes on the history of upstate New York; Mary Tank's notebook of pressed flowers; and a blank notebook belonging to John Frey.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 22 Folder : 8 Notes, memoranda, extracts
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 9 Notes, memoranda, extracts
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 10 Notes, memoranda, extracts
Undated
Box: 22 Folder : 11 Notes, memoranda, extracts: [John Frey]
Undated
Box: 23 Folder : 1 Notes, memoranda, extracts: [Samuel Ludlow Frey]
Undated
Box: 23 Folder : 2 Notes, memoranda, extracts: [Samuel Ludlow Frey]
Undated
Box: 23 Folder : 3 Notes, memoranda, extracts: [Samuel Ludlow Frey]
Undated
Box: 23 Folder : 4 Notes, memoranda, extracts: [Samuel Ludlow Frey]
Undated
Box: 23 Folder : 5 Notebook: Mary Tank, pressed flowers
1849
Box: 23 Folder : 6 Notebook: Samuel Ludlow Frey, "Flora of Palatine"
1875-1891
Box: 23 Folder : 7 Notebook: unidentified, "Speech of Hon. Hen. Wilson," religious reflections and notes
Undated
Box: 23 Folder : 7 Notebook: unidentified, historical notes of upstate New York
Undated
Box: 23 Folder : 7 Notebook: John Frey, blank
Undated

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Series XIII. Gold Mine Documents, 1844-1866

Scope and Contents note

This series includes documents relating to Henry A. Frey's involvement in a gold mining venture in South Carolina, including gold bullion deposit receipts, copies of indentures, articles of agreement, leases, and surveys.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 23 Folder : 8 Gold mine documents
1844-1866

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Series XIV. Newspapers, Clippings and Reprints, 1860-1907, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains newspapers and clippings, mostly from upstate New York publications, many of which contain articles by Samuel Ludlow Frey. Also reprints of articles, most from the Utica Morning Herald, regarding Samuel Ludlow Frey, his interests, and the Oneida Historical Society.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 24 Folder : 1 Newspapers, clippings
Box: 24 Folder : 2 Newspapers, clippings
Box: 24 Folder : 3 Newspapers, clippings
Box: 24 Folder : 4 Newspapers, clippings
Box: 24 Folder : 5 Newspapers, clippings
Box: 24 Folder : 6 Reprints

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Series XV. Sketches, undated

Scope and Contents note

Sketches of various unlabeled plants and flowers, a profile of a child, and a sketch presumably by Carrie Frey Winne, of the San Francisco Bay area.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 25 Folder : 1 Sketches
Undated

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Series XVI. Photograph, undated

Scope and Contents note

One cased daguerreotype portrait of three unidentified men.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 25 Folder : 2 Photograph
Undated

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Series XVII. Fragments, undated

Scope and Contents note

Blank pieces of paper, blank forms, and one flattened wax seal of an unidentified building.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 25 Folder : 3 Fragments
Undated

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