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Guide to the Frey Family Papers
1793-1917 (Bulk 1825-1890)
  MS 235

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400

@ 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Melissa Haley

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on October 21, 2011
Description is in English.

Scope and Content Note

The Frey Family Papers primarily document multiple generations of the Frey and related Ludlow and Van Schaack families of upstate New York and elsewhere. The bulk of the collection is correspondence (16 boxes), detailing family news, health matters, and deaths; opinions on religion, politics, and the Civil War; financial, legal, and property issues and troubles; family history and genealogy. The larger correspondence subseries include letters from Caroline Frey Winne written from army postings in the western United States during the 1870s and 1880s; letters from Samuel Ludlow Frey concerning the family farm and finances; and letters from John Frey regarding financial, legal, and property matters. Letters from Henry A. Frey detail his ongoing financial, familial, and marital difficulties. Various members of the Ludlow family are also represented, presenting their opinions on religion, politics, and current events.

This collection also contains diaries; financial, legal, and property records; genealogies; poetry; ephemera; organizational and educational material; drafts of writings; notes, memoranda, and extracts; newspapers and clippings; sketches; one photograph; and documents relating to a southern gold mine.

The Frey Family Papers support research in the histories of New York State (major locations represented include Palatine Bridge, Oswego, New York City, Albany, Kinderhook); nineteenth century family life and religion; the Civil War; and late nineteenth century western history (letters of Caroline Frey Winne). This collection also supports research in nineteenth century women's history. The letters of Caroline Ludlow Frey, Christina Cantine, Elizabeth Van Schaack Frey, Anna Ludlow, Ellen Ludlow, and Helen Ludlow, for example, discuss family and social lives, health, religion, childrearing, politics, and current events (see subseries descriptions for details). In addition, the Frey Family Papers contain a number of letters written by children. See especially Caroline Frey ["Carrie" b.1868], Helen Frey, John Frey ["Johnny" d.1858], Wallace Jones, and Charles K. Winne, Jr.


Correspondence arranged by sender. See container list for other series arrangements.

The collection is organized into the following seventeen series:

  1. Series I. Correspondence, 1793-1917, undated
  2. Series II. Diaries, 1821-[18]92, undated
  3. Series III. Financial Records, 1799-1912, undated
  4. Series IV. Legal Material, 1799-1865, undated
  5. Series V. Land and Property Records, 1806-1873, undated
  6. Series VI. Genealogical Material, undated
  7. Series VII. Poetry, undated
  8. Series VIII. Ephemera, 1818-[1904], undated
  9. Series IX. Organizational Material, 1880-1911, undated
  10. Series X. Educational Material, 1833-1857, undated
  11. Series XI. Drafts, 1799, 1852, undated
  12. Series XII. Notes, Memoranda and Extracts, 1849-1891, undated
  13. Series XIII. Gold Mine Documents, 1844-1866
  14. Series XIV. Newspapers, Clippings and Reprints, 1860-1907, undated
  15. Series XV. Sketches, undated
  16. Series XVI. Photograph, undated
  17. Series XVII. Fragments, undated