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Guide to the Horatio Gates papers, 1726-1828 (bulk 1774-1780) MS 240

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400

© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Julia Lipkins

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on July 21, 2015 using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Scope and Contents note

The collection documents Horatio Gates' military career. The papers include extensive correspondence with British and American military figures, merchants and politicians, e.g. Benedict Arnold, John Burgoyne, Ezekiel Cornell, Richard Curson, John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson, Henry Laurens, Robert Monckton, Philip Schuyler, Jonathan Trumbull, George Washington and others. The collection contains the Articles of Convention, which defined the terms of British surrender at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777. The collection also contains an exchange of letters between Marquis de Lafayette and Baron von Steuben, as well as drafts of Gates’ speeches to Native American leaders. Also included are financial documents, account books, cashbooks, orderly books and Gates’ journal, which details a British expedition to Nova Scotia in 1750. In addition to his military career, a glimpse of Gates’ personal life can be seen in correspondence with family members, including his first and second wives, Elizabeth and Mary, and his son, Robert.

Arrangement note

The microfilm edition of the Horatio Gates papers is arranged in 3 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1726-1828, n.d.
Series 2: Orderly Books and Returns, 1756-1783
Series 3: Financial Papers, 1747-1799

Transcripts for many of the items are microfilmed in the frame immediately following the original document.