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Guide to the Andrew Haswell Green Collection
  MS 264

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400

@ 2011 New-York Historical Society

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on October 25, 2011
Description is in English.

Biographical Note

Andrew Haswell Green (1820-1903) was an influential city official, preservationist, and reformer, who played crucial roles in determining the plans of Central Park and the institutions bordering it, the restoring of fiscal control after the excesses of the Tweed Ring, and the consolidation of New York's boroughs in 1898.

1820 Born Worcester, Massachusetts.
1835 Moved to New York City.
1844 Admitted to the bar: practiced law with his mentor, Samuel Tilden (1814-1886), who became Governor of New York in 1874 and the Democratic presidential candidate in 1876. After Tilden's death in 1886, funds from his estate, of which Green was an executor, would be combined with the Astor and Lenox Libraries to form the New York Public Library.
1855-1861 Served on the Board of Education, eventually as its President, and developed an interest in civic affairs.
1857-1871 Served on Central Park's Board of Commissioners, including as its President and Comptroller. Despite differences with designers Olsted and Vaux, championed their Greensward plan for the Park (accepted by the Commissioners in 1858) and areas beyond.
1859 Central Park Commission expanded to become the city's first comprehensive planning body.
1868 First recommended that the many unincorporated areas and municipalities of southern Westchester (the Bronx), Kings, Queens, and Richmond (Staten Island) counties be consolidated with Manhattan to form a Greater New York City.
1871-1876 Served as New York City Comptroller to instill fiscal responsibility and restore the City's financial health after the uncontrolled spending of the Tweed Ring.
1895 Founded the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society, which created numerous state parks, lobbied to save endangered sites, erected historic markers, and proposed the name for the Williamsburg Bridge during his lifetime.
1895 As President of the Consolidation Inquiry Committee, helped to draft the Consolidation Law.
1898 Consolidation of New York City took effect.
1903 While entering his house on Park Avenue and 40th Street on November 13, fatally shot by a man who mistook him for someone else. Pallbearers at his funeral at the Brick Presbyterian Church on Fifth Avenue included Mayor Seth Low, City Comptroller Edward M. Grout, and New York University Chancellor Rev. Dr. Henry Mitchell MacCracken.