© 2011 New-York Historical Society logo

Guide to the Raymond Hood Photograph Collection
1911-1933
 PR 148

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Jenny Gotwals

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on December 13, 2011
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: Raymond Hood Photograph Collection
Dates: 1911-1933
Abstract: The Raymond Hood Photograph Collection spans the years 1911-1913 and primarily contains photographs of buildings designed by architect Raymond Hood. Buildings pictured are: the Daily News building, the McGraw-Hill building, the American Radiator Company building, all in New York City, the Chicago Tribune Building, and the National Radiator building in London. Photographs of private homes, apartment buildings, churches, memorials, World's Fair exhibits, and competition drawings are also included.
Quantity: 8.04 Linear feet (6 boxes)
Location note: Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections
Call Phrase: PR 148

Return to Top »


Biographical Note

Raymond Mathewson Hood (1881-1934) was born in Rhode Island and attended Brown University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris, where he studied architecture and design. Hood returned to the United States and established an independent architectural practice in New York in 1914. He entered architectural competitions and took an industrial design job designing radiator covers for the American Radiator Company.

In 1922 Hood, in partnership with the architect John Mead Howells, won the design competition for the new Chicago Tribune Building. This prestigious assignment led to more commissions for large office buildings, such as the American Radiator Company Building, the Daily News Building, and the McGraw-Hill Building, all in New York City. In addition to large office towers, Hood designed apartment buildings, single-family residences, memorials, churches, tombs, and college dormitories. He worked under his own name and also in partnership with Howells, as well as with engineer J. Andre Fouilhoux, and architect Frederick Godley.

Hood also contributed designs for Rockefeller Center, but died before the project came to completion. Hood often used the Art Deco style and collaborated with artists to create murals and sculptures that set his designs apart from other architects. Hood served as president of the Architectural League of New York from 1929 to 1931 and received its Medal of Honor in 1926.

Return to Top »


Scope and Content Note

The Raymond Hood Photograph Collection spans the period from 1911-1933 and primarily contains photographs of buildings designed by architect Raymond Hood. During his career, Hood worked in partnerships with other architects, including the firms of Godley, Fouilhoux, and Barber; Hood & Howells; Hood & Fouilhoux; Hood, Godley & Fouilhoux; and Hood & Murchison. Hood's work with all these firms is included in this collection. The projects were designed for the United States, except for one building built in London, England. The collection is divided into four series: Completed Structures; Competition Designs and Plans; Exhibitions; and Other.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in four series:

  1. Series I. Completed Structures
  2. Series II. Competition Designs and Plans
  3. Series III. Exhibitions
  4. Series IV. Other

Return to Top »


Access Points

Subject Names

  • Howells, John Mead, 1868-1959
  • Rotan, Thurman, 1903-1991, -- photographer

Document Type

  • Architectural drawings
  • Photographic prints

Subject Organizations

  • American Radiator Company -- Buildings
  • Daily News Building (New York, N.Y.)
  • Hood & Howells
  • McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., inc. -- Buildings
  • National Radiator Company -- Buildings
  • Raymond Hood, Godley & Fouilhoux
  • Tribune Tower (Chicago, Ill.)

Subject Topics

  • Apartment houses -- United States -- Pictorial works
  • Architecture -- Competitions -- United States
  • Architecture --United States -- 20th century -- Designs and plans
  • Church buildings -- United States -- Pictorial works
  • Commercial buildings -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Dwellings -- United States -- Pictorial works
  • Office buildings -- New York (State) -- New York -- Pictorial works
  • Skyscrapers --United States -- Pictorial works

Subject Places

  • Chicago (Ill.) -- Buildings, structures, etc. -- Pictorial works
  • New York (N.Y.) -- Buildings, structures, etc. -- Pictorial works

Return to Top »


Administrative Information

Provenance

Gift of Harrison & Abramovitz, July 10, 1950.

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. See guidelines in Print Room for details.

Use Restrictions

Permission to reproduce any Print Room holdings through publication must be obtained from:
Rights and Reproductions
The New-York Historical Society
Two West 77th Street
New York, NY 10024Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 282
Fax: (212) 579-8794

The copyright law of the United States governs the making of photocopies and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials. Unpublished materials created before January 1, 1978 cannot be quoted in publication without permission of the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as Raymond Hood Photograph Collection, PR 148, Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections, The New-York Historical Society.

Related Material at the Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections

This collection was removed from the Architect and Engineer File (PR-003) in 2002. Photographs of work done solely by John Mead Howells is included in that File (PR-003-215). Hood's architectural drawings are held by Columbia University's Avery Library.

Return to Top »


Container List

Series I: Completed Structures

Scope and Contents note

Series I. includes both interior and exterior photographs of structures designed by Raymond Hood. Within this series, structures are arranged alphabetically by state and city and thereunder are filed by date. A few tombs, mausoleums, and memorials are included in this series, but the majority of the structures are office buildings and private homes. Three of Hood's major projects, the Daily News Building and the American Radiator Building, both in New York City, and the Chicago Tribune Tower, are well-represented. Some images of the Daily News Building were taken by New York photographer Thurman Rotan (1903-1991). In most other cases the photographer is not known.

Interior and exterior views of four Rex Cole showrooms in Brooklyn and Queens are included here. Rex Cole was a refrigerator distributor, and Hood designed free-standing buildings to showcase the new lines of household appliances.

In addition to the Daily News Building, Hood designed two homes for Colonel Joseph Medill Patterson, the paper's publisher. Patterson's large home in Ossining, New York included a rooftop observatory. Hood also designed a small apartment building in Manhattan for Patterson. Other residences included in this series include the Manhattan townhouse of John Green, the luxurious Beaux Arts Apartments, and Hood's own home in Stamford, Connecticut.

The collection contains no photographs of Rockefeller Center.

The series is arranged based on geographical location, and thereunder by date.

Connecticut--Greenwich

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Morris residence
1924

Connecticut--Stamford

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Hood residence
1925

Delaware--Wilmington

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Hotel Dupont additions
1911, 1913, 1919

Illinois--Chicago

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Chicago Tribune Tower--Competition designs and plans
1922-1925
Box: 1 Folder : 5-6 Chicago Tribune Tower--Exterior views
1922-1925
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Chicago Tribune Tower--Interior views
1922-1925
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Thomason tomb
1924
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Bethany Union Church
1926

Illinois--Rockford

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Medill McCormick mausoleum
1927

New Jersey--Montclair

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Soldier's Memorial
1926

New York--New York City--Brooklyn

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Rex Cole showrooms [Bay Ridge]
1929-1933

New York--New York City--Manhattan

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Mori's Restaurant
1919
Box: 2 Folder : 14 John Green residence
1920
Box: 3 Folder : 15 American Radiator Building--Exterior views
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 16 American Radiator Building--Interior views
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 17 American Radiator Building--Ephemera
1924
Box: 3 Folder : 18 NBC Studios
1927
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Patterson apartment building
1928
Box: 4 Folder : 20-21 Daily News Building--Exterior views
1929-1930
Box: 4 Folder : 22-23 Daily News Building--Interior views
1929-1930
Box: 4 Folder : 24 Beaux Arts Apartments
1930-1931
Box: 4 Folder : 25 McGraw-Hill Building
1930-1931

New York--New York City--Queens

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 26 Rex Cole showrooms [Flushing]
1929-1933

New York--Ossining

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 27 Patterson residence--Exterior views
1930
Box: 5 Folder : 28 Patterson residence--Interior views
1930

New York--Sands Point

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 29 Brooks residence [includes portfolio]
1933

New York--Tarrytown

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 30 St. Vincent de Paul Asylum
1924

Pennsylvania--Scranton

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 31-32 Masonic Temple and Scottish Rite Cathedral [includes portfolio]
1926-1929

Tennessee--Nashville

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 33 George Peabody Collegge for Teachers building
1929

England--London

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 34 National Radiator Building [Ideal House]
1928

Return to Top »


Series II: Competition Designs and Plans

Scope and Contents note

Series II. includes photographs and photostats of drawings submitted by Hood to various architectural competitions. Any drawings or plans for buildings that were completed are housed in Series I along with photographs of the completed buildings. Included here are a plan for a resort community in South Carolina, a plan for a Methodist National Cathedral, designs for an ocean liner, two courthouses and a town hall, and two speculative projects envisioning future high-rise development in New York City.

The series is arranged by geographical location, and thereunder by date.

New Jersey--Ridgewood

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 35 Ridgewood Municipal Buildng [Town Hall]
1926

New York--Dobbs Ferry

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 36 Country Tower
1932

New York--New York City

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 37 City of Towers
1927
Box: 6 Folder : 38 Manhattan 1950
1929

New York--Rockland County

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 39 Rockland County Courthouse
1928

Ohio--Columbus

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 40 Methodist National Cathedral
1927

Pennsylvania--Philadelphia

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 41 Girard College Chapel
1930

South Carolina--Myrtle Beach

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 42 Arcady
1929

Wisconsin--Milwaukee

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 43 Milwaukee County Courthouse
1929

Unidentified Location

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 44 Academy of Music
1920
Box: 6 Folder : 45 USA Lines ocean liner
1929

Return to Top »


Series III: Exhibitions

Scope and Contents note

Series III. Exhibitions contains images from the 11th annual American Industrial Art Exhibition, held in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1929, and A Century of Progress Exhibition, the Chicago World's Fair of 1933-1934. For the former, Hood designed a business executive's office and an apartment house loggia. For the Chicago World's Fair, Hood designed the Electrical Building Pavilion, as well as an exhibition garden for the American Radiator Company, and an exhibit for General Electric. Photographs of all these are found in this series.

The series is arranged chronologically.

American Industrial Art Exhibition

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 46 American Industrial Art Exhibition
1929 Feb.-Sep.

A Century of Progress Exhibition

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 47 American Radiator exhibition garden
1929-1933
Box: 6 Folder : 48 Electrical Building design
1929-1933
Box: 6 Folder : 49 General Electric exhibit
1929-1933

Return to Top »


Series IV: Other

Scope and Contents note

Series IV. Other includes several photographs of a frieze from a Hood building that could not be identified, as well as views of buildings designed by other architects, such as the Roerich Museum, and a few miscellaneous photographs, including an aerial view of Manhattan and a group portrait of the Chicago chapter of the American Institute of Architects.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 50 Unidentified buildings deisgned by Hood
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 51 Buildings not designed by Hood
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 52 Miscellaneous photographs
undated

Return to Top »


Return to Top »