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Guide to the Jennings Photograph Collection
[1858]-1957
 PR 135

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Jennifer Lewis

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on December 13, 2011
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: Jennings Photograph Collection
Dates: [1858]-1957
Abstract: Collection of albums, book manuscripts, scrapbooks, photographic prints, postcards, and negatives realting to the family and career of Arthur Bates Jennings, primarily compiled by his son Dr. Edward Allen Jennings.
Quantity: 12.5 Linear feet (13 boxes)
Location note: Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections
Call Phrase: PR 135

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Biographical Note

Arthur Bates Jennings (1849-1927) was a New York City architect, who received his A.B. in 1870 from the College of the City of New York. He trained under such notable architects as George B. Post and Russell Sturgis, and set up his first independent office around 1876 at 71 Broadway. Early in his career, he worked mostly on residential designs; later he moved on to designs of public buildings, specializing in churches, but also working on buildings for colleges, universities, and a few private companies. Jennings moved his office several times, but always maintained a presence in lower Manhattan between the years 1876 and 1919. His business address at the time of his retirement in 1919 was 253 Broadway. While much of Jennings' early professional work was done in the New York City region, beginning in the 1890s, his multi-turreted churches and other public buildings were constructed across the United States, from Portland, Maine to Seattle, Washington.

Arthur Jennings married Caroline Jerusha Allen of West Meriden, Connecticut; the couple had three children: Edward Allen Jennings (1882-1958), Arthur B. Jennings, Jr., and Helen Bates Jennings. Arthur Jennings, Jr., became a professional organist, choirmaster, and instructor, eventually becoming a full professor at the University of Minnesota.

Dr. Edward Allen Jennings attended Wesleyan University and Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, receiving his medical degree in 1913. Dr. Jennings served on the staffs of Harlem, Fordham, and St. Luke's Hospitals in New York, was a First Lieutenant in the Army Medical Corps during World War I, and had an established medical practice in New York City. Dr. Jennings was an avid amateur historian, and researched and wrote on church architecture, local history, and his father's architectural career. He penned several book manuscripts, such as his Manhattanville: An Architectural Retrospective, which were never published. Dr. Jennings continued to practice medicine until his death in 1958.

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Scope and Content Note

The Jennings Photograph Collection spans the period from circa 1858 through 1957 and contains photographs, postcards, book manuscripts, scrapbooks, and albums relating to the architectural work, professional careers, interests, and personal lives of members of the family of architect Arthur Bates Jennings. Most of the materials in the collection were gathered or compiled by Dr. Edward A. Jennings, and they reflect many of his professional and personal interests. Dr. Jennings, primarily a medical doctor, was also an amateur architectural historian and local history enthusiast. His interests are reflected in scrapbooks and book manuscripts incorporating photographs, postcards, news clippings, maps, and accompanying descriptive commentary addressing the architectural career of his father, church architecture, Short Hills, NJ, and the history of various west side neighborhoods of New York City. Additional scrapbooks relate to Dr. Jennings' own career and education; one scrapbook relates to the career of Arthur B. Jennings, Jr., a professional organist and professor. The remainder of the collection consists of photographs of various Jennings family members as well as members of the Allen family of Meriden, Connecticut, the family of Carolina Jerusha Allen Jennings.

Arrangement

The collection is divided into five series:

  1. Church Designs also Residence and College Buildings by Arthur B. Jennings, F.A.I.A.
  2. Church Architecture
  3. Manhattan Architecture and History
  4. Short Hills and Summit, NJ
  5. Jennings Family

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Jennings, Arthur Bates, 1849-1927
  • Jennings, Arthur Bates, Jr.
  • Jennings, Caroline Allen, -- Portraits
  • Jennings, Edward Allen, 1881-1958

Document Type

  • Albumen prints
  • Albums
  • Cabinet photographs
  • Cartes--de--visite
  • Clippings
  • Group portraits
  • Negatives
  • Photographic prints
  • Portraits
  • Postcards
  • Programs
  • Scrapbooks
  • Sheet music

Subject Organizations

  • Columbia University. College of Physicians and Surgeons
  • Cushing Academy
  • Fordham Hospital
  • Harlem Hospital Center
  • St. Luke's Hospital (New York, N.Y.)
  • Wesleyan University (Middletown, Conn.)

Subject Topics

  • Architecture -- United States -- Pictorial works
  • Church buildings -- United States -- Pictorial works
  • College buildings -- United States -- Pictorial works
  • Dwellings -- United States -- Pictorial works
  • Hospitals -- New York (State) --New York -- Staff -- Portraits
  • Medical students -- New York (State) -- New York

Subject Places

  • Manhattanville (New York, N.Y.) -- History
  • New York (N.Y.) -- Buildings, structures, etc. -- Photographs
  • New York (N.Y.) -- Pictorial works
  • Short Hills (N.J.) -- History
  • Summit (N.J.) -- History
  • Washington Heights (New York, N.Y.)

Family Name(s)

  • Allen family
  • Jennings family

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Administrative Information

Provenance

The collection is comprised of two separate gifts from Mrs. William Kenoe, on January 26 and March 9, 1959.

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to thirty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. See guidelines in Print Room for details.

Use Restrictions

Permission to reproduce any Print Room holdings through publication must be obtained from:
Rights and Reproductions
The New-York Historical Society
Two West 77th Street
New York, NY 10024Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 282
Fax: (212) 579-8794

The copyright law of the United States governs the making of photocopies and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials. Unpublished materials created before January 1, 1978 cannot be quoted in publication without permission of the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as Jennings Photograph Collection, PR 135, Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections, The New-York Historical Society.

Related Material at the New-York Historical Society

The Jennings Photograph Collection was removed from the Architect and Engineer File (PR-003). The Jennings Family Papers are available in the Manuscript Department of the New-York Historical Society Library. Additional materials, including a manuscript copy of Manhattanville: An Architectural Retrospective, by Dr. Edward A. Jennings, are available in the Special Collections Department of Manhattanville College Library in the Edward A. Jennings Collection.

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Container List

Series I: Church Designs also Residence and College Buildings by Arthur B. Jennings, F.A.I.A.

Scope and Contents note

Series I consists of three slightly different copies of a book manuscript with mounted photographs, postcards, correspondence and commentary by Edward A. Jennings about the buildings and career of Arthur B. Jennings. The three copies are nearly identical, but a few differences exist; volume two holds more original correspondence than the other volumes, and building coverage differs slightly in each of the volumes as noted in the box listing. The book was never published. A list of buildings depicted is available in the box listing under the first copy; only the differences from copy one have been noted under copies two and three. Three folders of duplicate prints from the volumes are available at the end of the series.

Photographs are arranged in book manuscripts in their original order. They are listed here alphabetically by state, city and building name. The volume in box 1 includes a page index at the end of the volume. Dates indicate date of each building's erection, not the date the photograph was taken.

Church Designs also Residence and College Buildings by Arthur B. Jennings, F.A.I.A. [Copy 1; the following buildings are depicted:]

Connecticut
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Meriden -- All Saints Memorial Protestant Episcopal Church
1892-1893
Box: 1 Waterbury -- Bunker Hill Congregational Church [competition sketch]
undated
Box: 1 Winsted -- First Congregational Church

General note

1900-1901
Box: 1 Winsted -- Second Congregational Church
1898-1899
Maine
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Portland -- St. Lawrence Congregational Church
1896-1897
Michigan
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Olivet -- Burrage Memorial Library, Olivet College
1890
New Jersey
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Bloomfield -- Westminster Presbyterian Church
1890-1892
Box: 1 East Orange -- Dod, S. Bayard Residence
1885
Box: 1 New Brunswick -- Presbyterian Church [reconstruction after 1888 fire]
[1888]
Box: 1 Newark -- First Reformed Church
1898
Box: 1 Seabright -- Low, Joseph T., residence [interiors and exteriors]
[1883]
Box: 1 Short Hills -- Cleveland, A.L., residence
undated
Box: 1 Short Hills -- Jennings, Arthur B. residence [later A.E. Banning residence]
1880-1881
Box: 1 Short Hills -- Bliss residence
undated
Box: 1 Summit -- Allen, John Platt, residence
[1870-1879]
Box: 1 Summit -- Simmons, H.E., residence
[1870-1879]
Box: 1 Summit -- Vernon, P.H., residence
1878
Box: 1 Summit -- Sommers, D., residence
undated
New York
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Ballston Spa -- First Baptist Church
1896
Box: 1 Bay Shore -- Gunther, William H., residence
[1887]
Box: 1 Chatham -- First Reformed Church
1901
Box: 1 Dunkirk -- First Methodist Episcopal Church
1916
Box: 1 New York City -- 21--49 45th Road, Long Island City, Queens
1891
Box: 1 New York City -- Cathedral of St. John the Divine, photograph of perspective sketch by Arthur B. Jennings submitted for competition in 1888-1889
undated
Box: 1 New York City -- Clay, George Everson, residence -- 167 11th St., now Edgewood Reformed Church, Brooklyn
1902-1904
Box: 1 New York City -- Hanover Fire Insurance Co. Building, 34 Pine St.
1893
Box: 1 New York City -- Jennings, Arthur B., residence -- 136th St. and Broadway
1886-1887
Box: 1 New York City -- Neresheimer, E. August, residence -- 119th St. and Lenox Ave.
1886
Box: 1 New York City -- Residences -- 137--145 West 87th St.
1884-1887
Box: 1 New York City -- Residences -- 139--143 West 94th St.
1885-1886
Box: 1 New York City -- Residences -- 72nd St. and Tenth Ave.
1886-1888
Box: 1 New York City -- Sherman, Stephen F., residence -- Riverside Dr. near 113th St.
1883-1885
Box: 1 New York City -- Union Presbyterian Church of Bay Ridge, Brooklyn
1896
Box: 1 New York City -- Warner, Dr. Lucien C., residence -- 126th St. and Fifth Ave.
1882-1883
Box: 1 New York City -- Webb Institute of Naval Architecture
1890-1893
Box: 1 Penn Yan -- First Methodist Episcopal Church
undated
Box: 1 Saratoga Springs -- New England Congregational Church
1900
Box: 1 Sea Cliff -- Whitlock residence

General note

[1876]
Ohio
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Massillon -- St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church
1893-1898
Box: 1 Oberlin -- Warner Hall, Oberlin College
1883-1884
Pennsylvania
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Connellsville -- Baptist Church
1901
Box: 1 Washington -- Gymnasium, Washington & Jefferson College
1892-1893
Rhode Island
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Providence --Cranston St. Baptist Church
1891-1893
Virginia
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Charlottesville -- First Baptist Church
1904
Box: 1 Norfolk-- First Baptist Church
1909-1910
Box: 1 Richmond -- Grace Baptist Church
1898
Washington
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Seattle -- Hotel Denny
undated

[Copy 2; same as copy 1 except with no index and the following additional buildings:]

Arkansas
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 2 Hot Springs -- Central Methodist Episcopal Church
1908
Maine
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 2 Gardiner -- Congregational Church
undated
New York
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 2 New York City--Bedford Presbyterian Church, Brooklyn
1897
Box: 2 New York City--Riverside Drive, residences south of 122nd St.
1886
Box: 2 New York City--Residences, St. Nicholas Ave., 146th through 148th Sts.
1889-1890
Ohio
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 2 Oberlin -- Rice Hall, Oberlin College
1909-1910

[Copy 3; same as copy 1 with no index and the following additional buildings:]

New York
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 3 New York City -- Riverside Drive, residences south of 122nd St.
1886
Ohio
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 3 Oberlin -- Rice Hall, Oberlin College
1909-1910
Box: 3 1-3
Duplicate prints

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Series II: Church Architecture

Scope and Contents note

Series II. Church Architecture consists of an album compiled by Edward A. Jennings, comprised of postcard views of churches and chapels across the United States. A few of the postcard views in this album are of churches designed by his father, Arthur B. Jennings, but the vast majority simply reflect his wide-ranging interest in the design and structure of churches across the United States.

Postcards remain in original order in the album; they are listed here alphabetically by state and city for the researcher's convenience.

Album of postcard views of the following:

Connecticut
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Farmington -- First Congregational Church
Box: 4 Hartford --St. Joseph's Cathedral
Box: 4 Hartford -- Trinity College Chapel
Box: 4 Litchfield -- St. Michaels Episcopal Church
Box: 4 Meriden -- St. Rose's Church
Box: 4 Plymouth -- Congregational Church
Box: 4 Torrington -- Trinity Episcopal Church
Box: 4 Winsted -- Methodist Episcopal Church
Box: 4 Winsted -- St. James Episcopal Church
Box: 4 Winsted -- St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church
Box: 4 Winsted -- 4 miscellaneous town views
Delaware
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Claymont -- Church of the Ascension
Georgia
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Savannah -- Independent Presbyterian Church
Maine
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Portland -- Immanuel Baptist Church
Massachusetts
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Ashburnham -- Methodist Church
Box: 4 Fitchburg -- New C.C. Church
Box: 4 Great Barrington -- St. Peter's Catholic Church
Box: 4 Williamtown -- Thompson Memorial Chapel, Williams College
Minnesota
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Minneapolis -- Plymouth Congregational Church
New Jersey
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Bloomfield -- Westminster Presbyterian Church
Box: 4 New Brunswick -- First Presbyterian Church
Box: 4 New Brunswick -- Kirkpatrick Chapel, Rutgers College
Box: 4 Summit -- Central Presbyterian Church
New York
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Ballston Spa -- First Baptist Church
Box: 4 Brooklyn -- Unidentified Church
Box: 4 Montgomery -- First Presbyterian Church
Box: 4 New York --Broadway Tabernacle
Box: 4 New York -- Church of Paulist Fathers
Box: 4 New York -- Grace Church
Box: 4 New York -- St. Thomas Episcopal Church
Box: 4 New York -- Trinity Church
Box: 4 Penn Yan -- Methodist Church
Box: 4 Poughkeepsie -- Vasser College Chapel
Pennsylvania
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Carlisle -- Allison Methodist Episcopal Church
Box: 4 Carlisle -- First Presbyterian Church
Box: 4 Gettysburg -- Presbyterian Church
Box: 4 Pittsburgh -- East Liberty Presbyterian Church
Box: 4 Sewickley -- St. Stephen Episcopal Church and Parish House
Vermont
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Montpelier -- Christ Church
Virginia
Container 1     Title Date
Box: 4 Charlottesville -- First Baptist Church
Box: 4 Norfolk -- First Baptist Church

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Series III: Manhattan Architecture and History

Scope and Contents note

Series III. Manhattan Architecture and History consists primarily of unpublished book manuscripts with mounted photographs and clippings compiled and written by Dr. Edward A. Jennings on the history and architecture of Manhattanville, but also includes photographs and other materials relating to the Manhattan neighborhoods of Morningside Heights, Washington Heights, and the Upper West Side of Manhattan. The Manhattanville volumes were written by Dr. Jennings around 1940, incorporating research he did at the New York City Department of Records and his collection of historical photographs of the area straddling Manhattan Street (which was renamed West 125th Street in 1920). Included are descriptions of the history and landscape of the area along with depictions of local residences, including the Jennings family home, and such neighborhood institutions as Manhattan College, St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, the D.F. Tiemann & Co. Color Works, the Dolly Varden Railroad Manhattanville Station, Knickerbocker Hospital, and St. Mary's Church. Copy photographs of lithographs, drawings, and maps are included in the volumes.

The remaining materials in this series depict buildings in Morningside Heights, including Columbia University, in Washington Heights near Dr. Jennings' home at the time of his death at 2 Pinehurst Avenue, and a few buildings on the Upper West Side. Also included are notes for a slide lecture on the history of Harsenville and Bloomingdale, the current Upper West Side of Manhattan.

Materials are arranged by Manhattan neighborhood and thereunder alphabetically by subject.

Manhattanville

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Manhattanville: An Architectural Retrospective by E. Allen Jennings,[Two unpublished book manuscripts with mounted photographs]
1940
Box: 6 Folder : [Album on history of Manhattanville]
[1940]
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Churches and religious institutions
1906-[1940], undated
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Institutions and Commercial Businesses
1903-[1940], undated
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Residences
1905-[1940], undated
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Views
undated

Morningside Heights

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Buildings and views
1910-1955

Upper West Side

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Apthorpe Mansion, 91st St. and Ninth Ave.
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 11 "Architecture of Harsenville and Old Bloomingdale" slide lecture outline by E.A. Jennings
[1951-1956]

Washington Heights

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Buildings and views

General note

See also: Oversize, Box 13, Folder 69

1905-[1940], undated

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Series IV: Short Hills and Summit, NJ

Scope and Contents note

Series IV. consists one scrapbook including a few clippings, maps, and photographs relating to Short Hills and nearby Summit, New Jersey where the Jennings family lived on Highland Avenue between 1881 and 1886 in a house of Arthur B. Jennings' design. Jennings also designed many of the houses in this planned suburban area, including a few belonging to family members in Summit. Several photographs of the Jennings home with the family gathered on the porch are present, along with a simple street map and an obituary concerning the death of the suburb's founder and planner, Stewart Hartshorn. Two original A. B. Jennings sketches of Short Hills houses he designed are included with the folder of Short Hills residences. Loose photographs from the collection depicting architecture in Short Hills and Summit are included in folders following the scrapbook.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : [Scrapbook]
1886-[1949]
Box: 7 Folder : 13 Short Hills -- Map
undated
Box: 7 Folder : 14 Short Hills --Residences
1942, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 15 Summit -- Residences
1939, undated

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Series V: Jennings Family

Scope and Contents note

Series V. Jennings Family consists of photographs and albums documenting the family and professional life of Dr. Edward Jennings, including his siblings, parents, and extended family. Formal photographs portray a variety of Jennings and Allen family members. Albums relate to Dr. Jennings' medical career, education, and extracurricular activities at Wesleyan and Columbia Universities. Photographs of Dr. Jennings with ambulances and staff from Fordham and Harlem Hospitals are included. One album pertains to Arthur Bates Jennings, Jr.' s career as an organist; it contains photographs, sheet music of works composed by Jennings, church bulletins and programs for performances. A family album holds informal snapshots of members of the Jennings family in a variety of settings. Oversize photographs at the end are primarily group portraits from hospitals and schools with which Dr. Edward Jennings was associated.

Photographs are arranged in three subseries: photographs, negatives, and albums. Thereunder they are filed alphabetically by sitter or group. Oversize group portraits are filed at the end of the series.

Photographs

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 8 Folder : 16 Allen, Edward Chauncey
1858, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 17 Allen, Edward Linsley
1886, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 18 Allen, George William, Mary and family
1885-1902, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 19 Allen, John Platt and family
1885-[1926], undated
Box: 8 Folder : 20 Allen, Mary Constance
[1892]-1897
Box: 8 Folder : 21 Allen, Sarah Hillard Linsley
1858, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 22 Allen family

General note

See also: Oversize, Box 13, Folder 70

undated
Box: 8 Folder : 23 Jennings, Arthur Bates (1849-1927)
[1890]-1925
Box: 8 Folder : 24 Jennings, Arthur B., Jr.
[1888]-1930, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 25 Jennings, Caroline Allen
1897, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 26 Jennings, Edward Allen--Portraits
1882-1918, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 27 Jennings, Edward Allen--Group portraits, school and professional

General note

See also: Oversize -- Box 13, Folders 64--68

1901-1913
Box: 8 Folder : 28 Jennings, Helen Bates
1886
Box: 8 Folder : 29 Jennings Family -- Miscellaneous
undated
Box: 8 Folder : 30 Group Portraits
1886-1912, undated

Negatives

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 8 Folder : 31-32 Group Portraits

General note

8 x 10 in. negatives

1911 Mar, undated
Box: 9 Folder : 33-41 Group Portraits

General note

3.5 x 4 in. negatives

undated
Box: 9 Folder : 42-46 Portraits, unidentified

General note

3.5 x 4 in. negatives

undated
Box: 9 Folder : 47-58 Views, miscellaneous

General note

3.5 x 4 in. and 5 x 3.5 in. negatives

undated
Box: 9 Folder : Original negative envelope
undated

Albums

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Jennings family photographs
[1900-1915]
Box: 10 Folder : Jennings, Arthur B., Jr.
1920-1951, undated
Box: 11 Folder : 59-63 Jennings, Edward Allen [disbound scrapbook pages]
[1903-1957]

Oversize Group Portraits

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 12 Folder : 64 Columbia University
1911-1914
Box: 12 Folder : 65 Cushing Academy (Ashburnham, Massachusetts)
1900-1902
Box: 12 Folder : 66 Harlem Hospital staff
1914-1916
Box: 13 Folder : 67 Wesleyan University
1903
Box: 13 Folder : 68 Unidentified groups
[1903-1915]

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Oversize Material

From Series III

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 69 Washington Heights view
undated

From Series V

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 70 Allen family residence, Meriden, CT
undated

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