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Guide to the Leverich Papers
1817-1937 (Bulk 1820-1890)
  MS 381

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Cara Brick, Richard Fraser, and Tom Rosko

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on April 03, 2015
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: Leverich Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1817-1937 (Bulk 1820-1890)
Abstract: The Leverich Papers consist of personal and business papers of the Leverich family. The material dates from 1817 to 1937, with the bulk covering ca.1820-1890. The 1830's to 1850's and 1870's to 1880's have the greatest representation in this collection, while the Civil War period is under represented. Included are letters, telegrams, letterpress books, memorandum books; financial material including bills, receipts, invoices, accounts, statements, transfers, payrolls, bills of lading, freight receipts, account books, ledgers, memorandum books, record books, checks, notes, exchanges, bank books, and check books; legal papers including wills, deeds, depositions, transcripts; tax and insurance documents; and clippings, catalogues, invitations, calling cards, writings, notes, and a few maps and photographs. The material predominantly concerns brothers Henry S. Leverich and Charles P. Leverich and the activities of their company Leverich & Co. as it acted as a merchant and cotton factor business. The material also largely concerns Henry's son Edward Leverich and Edward's wife Annie F. Leverich and the Oak Lawn and Dogberry plantations in Louisiana. The strengths of the collection include documentation regarding the cotton, sugar and rice trades and merchant business, particularly of New York and New Orleans, along with Post-bellum plantation life.
Quantity: 40.0 Linear feet (58 boxes, 63 bound volumes)
Location note: Manuscript Cage
Call Phrase: MS 381

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Biographical Note

The Leverich Family:

The Leverich Family is descended from the Rev. William Leverich (ca.1605-1677), who left England for Massachusetts in 1633 and settled in Long Island twenty years later. William Leverich held lands in Oyster Bay, Huntington, and Newtown, New York. His son Caleb (ca.1636-1717) settled permanently in Newtown at the end of the seventeenth century. In the middle third of the 19th century, four of the sons of Colonel Edward Leverich (ca.1761-1833), a descendant of Caleb Leverich, founded Leverich & Co., a merchant house active in New York and New Orleans.

The Leverich brothers began their mercantile activities in the 1820's. Over the course of the next fifty years, the four brothers, Henry S. Leverich (ca.1806-1885), Charles P. Leverich (1809-1876), William E. Leverich (18xx-18xx), and James H. Leverich (18xx-ca.1840) became successful merchants and bankers in both cities. Henry S. and Charles P. began their careers in New York. Henry was an associate of Peter Remsen & Co., and Charles appears to also have been employed by Remsen & Co., but in a lesser capacity than Henry. James H. and William E. established their own firm in New Orleans.

Remsen & Co. dealt in a variety of products, including those Southern commodities that Leverich & Co. would come to specialize in trading. Henry S. Leverich appears to have conducted much of this trading in Southern produce while he was associated with Remsen & Co., and on more than one occasion, in the 1820's, visited the Southern States. These visits would have a significant impact on the Leverich family, as well as on the family business. Henry S. and Charles P. Leverich (who also visited the South on several occasions) married, respectively, Margaret and Matilda Gustine, the two eldest daughters of Dr. James Gustine of Natchez, Mississippi. An uncle of the Gustine sisters was Stephen Duncan; a brother-in-law was William J. Minor. Duncan and Minor were two of the richest planters in the United States. Leverich & Co. would act as factors (i.e. agents) for both of these planters throughout the antebellum period. Thus, two of the most important clients of the Leverich brothers were also relatives by marriage.

Henry S. Leverich and Margaret Gustine Leverich had two children, Edward and Mary. Charles P. Leverich and Matilda Gustine Leverich had four children, Charles D., Stephen D., James H. and Matilda R. In 1872 Edward Leverich, the son of Henry S. Leverich, married Annie Schuchardt. Edward and Annie had three children: Margaret D., Catherine S., and Henry S. Leverich.

Leverich & Co.:

The name Leverich and Co. first appears in the 1820's with reference to the business of William E. and James H. Leverich, in New Orleans. With the dissolution of Peter Remsen & Co. in May of 1835, Henry S. Leverich continued to operate as a commission merchant, dealing with many of the same clients and associates that he had done business with during his tenure at Remsen & Co. During this period, Henry's brother Charles became his partner, and the two brothers in New York also began to call their firm Leverich & Co.

Initially, Leverich & Co. dealt in the products that commission merchants regularly dealt in during the 19th century. These included household products such as tobacco, foodstuffs, spices, glass and glassware, and soap. Leverich & Co. also dealt in industrial products such as hemp, hides, and bulk chemicals, specifically brimstone, saltpeter and indigo. A large proportion of the firm's business in its early years entailed the import of wine and its reshipment to other ports in the U.S. In this early period, most of Leverich & Co.'s bulk trade in Southern produce was in sugar and sugar products, i.e. molasses and rum.

The firm's business had two distinct but related components; the first was its activity as commission merchants. In this capacity, the firm arranged the import and export of goods between the United States and Europe, and the shipment from New York of domestically produced goods to other ports within the United States. The second component was its activity as cotton factors. In this capacity, the firm arranged the shipment and sale of Southern agricultural products to purchasers in the Northern states and in Europe, and in turn acted as purchasing agent for its clientele of Southern planters, filling their orders for manufactured or luxury goods. Leverich & Co. is listed in city directories of the period under "cotton factors", but in practice the firm dealt in all the produce of Southern plantation agriculture, including cotton, sugar, molasses, rice, and occasionally tobacco. It purchased on order for its clients a variety of manufactured goods, from furniture to kid gloves to heavy machinery.

Leverich & Co. also provided financial services, investing money in the stock market on its clients' behalf. Charles P. Leverich was particularly active in financial affairs in New York City. Charles was associated with the Bank of New York, becoming a Director in 1840, Vice-president in 1853, and President in 1863. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, he served on the first loan committee formed by associated banks to lend money to the Administration for the prosecution of the war. He continued throughout the war to be active in financial matters related to the war effort.

From the period 1835-1860, Leverich & Co. prospered. However, since the firm dealt extensively in Southern products, the Civil War significantly affected its business. The end of the war brought comparatively rapid economic recovery, and the firm reestablished its Southern connections, primarily in New Orleans and in Winnsboro, South Carolina. Leverich & Co.'s Southern counterpart, usually called J. H. Leverich & Co., does not seem to have recovered its separate identity. James H. Leverich died ca.1840. William E. Leverich, that firm's surviving member, appears to have been an employee of Leverich & Co. in the years after the war, rather than a partner in his own right.

By the late 1860's, Edward Leverich (son of Henry S. Leverich) and his cousin, Charles D. Leverich (son of Charles P. Leverich) were Henry S. Leverich's partners in Leverich & Co. Henry S. Leverich seems over the next ten years to have become less and less active in the day-to-day affairs of the company. During this decade, the firm concentrated primarily on the cotton business, with William E. Leverich overseeing the firm's affairs in New Orleans. Leverich & Co.'s cotton trading in the late 1860's and 1870's appears to have been robust, and the firm seems to have enjoyed considerable prestige in the cotton industry. In 1879, however, the firm went into liquidation, and Edward Leverich, at least, appears to have been heavily in debt; whether the debt was the cause or the effect of the dissolution of Leverich & Co. is unclear.

Oak Lawn and Dogberry:

One of Leverich & Co.'s Southern clients was Dr. James Porter, of Oak Lawn, a plantation in Bayou Teche, Louisiana. After Porter's death in 1849, his widow, Mary (Walton) Porter, continued as a client of the firm. Mrs. Porter was a Unionist during the Civil War. She and her daughters, Annie and Mary, lived at their summer home in Newport, Rhode Island during the War. Mrs. Porter retained Leverich & Co.'s services throughout this period.

The war appears to have adversely affected the Porter's fortunes. In the years immediately following the war, Leverich & Co. apparently held the mortgage to Oak Lawn, and seems to have had effective control of the plantation, even though the Porters retained legal title to it. Mrs. Porter appears to have died by the 1870's.

In 1873, Leverich & Co. purchased Oak Lawn and Dogberry, a smaller neighboring plantation also owned by Mrs. Porter. Leverich & Co. forgave the debt that Mary Porter's surviving daughters, Annie and Mary, owed to the firm in exchange for title to the properties. Annie and Mary Porter were permitted to reside at Oak Lawn until such time as the property was sold. After Leverich & Co. went into liquidation, Annie and Mary Porter were still living at Oak Lawn, and they seem to have regained control of the properties.

In early 1881, however, two years after Leverich & Co. went into liquidation, Edward Leverich began taking steps to purchase the plantation in the name of his wife, Annie (Schuchardt) Leverich. Edward may have gone to Louisiana to negotiate the purchase personally, and he appears to have purchased it from the Porters, rather than from Leverich & Co. or its creditors. While his wife remained in New York, Edward Leverich took possession of Oak Lawn in December of 1881.

Edward faced a daunting task in attempting to rehabilitate the plantation, which had fallen into a state of disrepair over the years. In addition to repairs to the residence itself, Edward had to upgrade the plant of Oak Lawn; this entailed the purchase of farm implements, barbed wire, machinery, and livestock. The initial outlay of money was very large, and many of the plantation's improvements were financed with credit, provided mostly by Edward's cousin Abe Leverich, a New Orleans commission merchant.

Throughout their ownership of Oak Lawn, the Leveriches would be plagued by financial problems. On more than one occasion, Edward found himself having to borrow money from his father, Henry S. Leverich, while at the same time concealing from Henry the desperation of his financial situation. Edward was also indebted from time to time to his father-in-law, Frederick Schuchardt (1805-1885). Schuchardt, however, unlike Henry S. Leverich, seems to have been more inclined to personally scrutinize Edward's management of the plantation.

In addition to his financial troubles, Edward Leverich had to cope with a variety of problems. In 1882, and again in 1883, Oak Lawn's levee broke, flooding much of the plantation's arable land. The machinery at the plantation's sugar house often broke down, causing temporary halts in production. Bad weather killed or damaged crops.

By the time the 1885 planting season was beginning, however, things began to look more promising for Edward. At around this time, Edward Leverich made an agreement with the Burdon Central Sugar Refining Company. Burdon Central would build a refinery on Bayou Teche, in the vicinity of Oak Lawn. In return, Burdon Central would have exclusive right to refine Edward's crops for 1886, 1887, and 1888.

Edward Leverich died November 28, 1886. Upon his death, his wife Annie assumed control of the plantation. Annie appears to have reneged on the agreement with Burdon Central, and instead had the crop refined by a different firm in 1887 and 1888. This apparent breach of contract resulted in a lawsuit by Burdon Central against Annie Leverich. Annie counter-sued, on the grounds that the 1886 crop, which had been refined by Burdon Central, had been incompetently handled.

Annie Leverich was unable to maintain Oak Lawn. By December of 1887, she determined to sell the plantation, and, with the lawsuits ongoing, found a buyer. Col. R. E. Rivers, proprietor of the St. Charles Hotel in New Orleans, purchased the plantation in March of 1888. Annie moved to Pass Christian, Mississippi in the summer of 1888. She spent the next several years corresponding with her creditors.

Within this collection, Annie Leverich leaves little record of herself after 1890. Other sources reveal that by 1896, she had returned to New York, and from 1896 to 1908 lived on E. 60th St. In 1908, she moved to Throg's Neck, in the Bronx. The last entry for her in the Social Register is in the Summer 1915 edition.

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Scope and Content Note

The Leverich Papers consist of personal and business papers of the Leverich family. The material dates from 1817 to 1937, with the bulk covering ca.1820-1890. The 1830's to 1850's and 1870's to 1880's have the greatest representation in this collection, while the Civil War period is under represented. Included are letters, telegrams, letterpress books, memorandum books; financial material including bills, receipts, invoices, accounts, statements, transfers, payrolls, bills of lading, freight receipts, account books, ledgers, memorandum books, record books, checks, notes, exchanges, bank books, and check books; legal papers including wills, deeds, depositions, transcripts; tax and insurance documents; and clippings, catalogues, invitations, calling cards, writings, notes, and a few maps and photographs. The material predominantly concerns brothers Henry S. Leverich and Charles P. Leverich and the activities of their company Leverich & Co. as it acted as a merchant and cotton factor business. The material also largely concerns Henry's son Edward Leverich and Edward's wife Annie F. Leverich and the Oak Lawn and Dogberry plantations in Louisiana. The strengths of the collection include documentation regarding the cotton, sugar and rice trades and merchant business, particularly of New York and New Orleans, along with Post-bellum plantation life.

Arrangement

Material is arranged either alphabetically or chronologically. The researcher should consult series descriptions for individual series arrangement details.

The papers are organized into the following series: I. Correspondence, 1825-1890, 1937; II. Business/Financial Papers, 1818, 1825-1890; III. Legal, Taxes, Insurance, 1817, 1824-1889; IV. Family Memorabilia,1850s-1903, undated .

  1. Series I. Correspondence, 1825-1890, 1937
  2. Series II. Business/Financial Papers, 1818, 1825-1890
  3. Series III. Legal, Taxes, Insurance, 1817, 1824-1889
  4. Series IV. Family Memorabilia, 1850s-1903, undated

Series I and II are further organized into subseries. Correspondence subseries are organized by creator. Business/Financial Papers subseries are organized by form/genre.

Loose stamps from financial documents and a small vial of rice, possibly but not necessarily from the time period, are housed at the end of the collection. Also at the end of the collection are placards and labels from the original filing of material, along with string, ribbon and binding/wrapping material.

Series descriptions:

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Aiken, James
  • Chapman, James, of Winnsboro, S.C.
  • Doswell, J. T.
  • Doswell, R. M.
  • Duncan, Stephen, 1787-1867
  • Elliott, H. L.
  • Foster, Murphy J.
  • Leverich, Abe
  • Leverich, Annie F.
  • Leverich, Charles P., 1803-1876
  • Leverich, Edward
  • Leverich, Henry S.
  • Leverich, J. H. (J. Henry)
  • Leverich, William E.
  • McWilliams, A.
  • Minor, William J.
  • Payne, George, fl. 1866-1890
  • Pepoon, Marshall
  • Porter, Annie
  • Porter, Mary, of Bayou Teche, La.
  • Rondeau, C. A. F.
  • Schuchardt, Frederick
  • Shepard, A. D.
  • Wissman, Frank deR.

Document Type

  • Account books
  • Accounts
  • Bankbooks
  • Bills of lading
  • Catalogs
  • Checkbooks
  • Checks
  • Clippings
  • Commercial paper
  • Correspondence
  • Deeds
  • Depositions
  • Exchanges
  • Insurance Policies
  • Invitations
  • Invoices
  • Ledgers
  • Letterpress copybooks
  • Maps
  • Memorandums
  • Payrolls
  • Promissory notes
  • Receipts
  • Recipes
  • Records
  • Tax records
  • Telegrams
  • Transcripts
  • Visiting cards
  • Wills

Subject Organizations

  • Bank of New York
  • Brodie & Dubrow
  • Burdon Central Sugar Refining Co.
  • Calder & Creevy
  • Cammann & Co.
  • Foster & Levy
  • Foster & Mentz
  • Francis Skiddy & Co.
  • Fraser & Tylee
  • Glover, Sweezy & Glover
  • J. Oliviera & Co.
  • James Colles & Co.
  • James H. Leverich & Co.
  • Joseph Lallande & Co.
  • Lesesne & Wells
  • Leverich & Co.
  • Peter Remson & Co.
  • Pike, Lapeyre & Brother
  • Price, Hine & Tupper
  • Rouse & Grant
  • Seton & Wissman
  • Tallant & Co.
  • W. C. Kennett & Co.
  • Walter T. Miller & Co.

Subject Topics

  • Breach of contract--Louisiana
  • Cotton growing--Louisiana
  • Cotton trade--Louisiana--New Orleans
  • Cotton trade--New York (State)--New York
  • Cotton trade--United States
  • Cotton--Prices--Louisiana
  • Finance, Personal
  • Plantation life--Louisiana
  • Plantation life--Mississippi--Natchez (District)
  • Plantations--Louisiana
  • Plantations--Mississippi--Natchez (District)
  • Reconstruction
  • Rice trade--Louisiana
  • Rice--Planting--Louisiana
  • Shipping--United States
  • Sugar growing--Louisiana
  • Sugar trade--Louisiana
  • Wine Industry
  • Women plantation owners--Louisiana

Subject Places

  • Dogberry Plantation (La.)
  • Great Britain--Commerce--United States
  • Louisiana--Commerce
  • Louisiana--Race relations
  • Louisiana--Social life and customs--19th century
  • Natchez (Miss. : District)--Social life and customs
  • New Orleans (La.)--Commerce
  • New Orleans (La.)--Commerce--New York (State)--New York
  • New York (N.Y.)--Commerce
  • New York (N.Y.)--Commerce--Louisiana--New Orleans
  • Newtown & Bushwick Turnpike (N.Y.)
  • Oak Lawn Plantation (La.)
  • Southern States--Commerce
  • United States--Commerce--Great Britain
  • United States--Economic conditions--1865-1918
  • United States--Economic conditions--To 1865
  • United States--Politics and government--1857-1861

Family Name(s)

  • Leverich family
  • Minor family
  • Porter family

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Administrative Information

Provenance

The account book of Henry S. Leverich, October 1833 - March 1836, is a gift of David Bosse, 2014.

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. (Researchers may not accrue unused copy amounts from previous days.)

Use Restrictions

Permission to quote from this collection in a publication must be requested and granted in writing. Send permission requests, citing the name of the collection from which you wish to quote, to

Library Director
The New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as the Leverich Papers, the New-York Historical Society.

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Container List

Series I: Correspondence, 1825-1890, 1937

Scope and Contents note

The Correspondence series consists of letters, telegrams, letterpress books, letter copy books, code books, annotated bills, annotated statements, annotated prices current, invitations, calling cards, envelopes, and an address book. The series primarily contains correspondence to and from members of the Leverich and allied families, the family business, Leverich & Co., and business associates of both the family and the firm. The series includes information about Leverich & Co.'s business dealings, the running of the Oak Lawn and Dogberry plantations, and to a lesser degree the family and private matters of the Leveriches. The material in this series dates from 1825 to 1890, with a selection of handwritten notes from 1937. The bulk dates vary with the least amount of material existing for the years of the Civil War.

The principal subseries contain correspondence of Leverich & Co., Charles P. Leverich, Henry S. Leverich, Edward Leverich, Annie Leverich, and family friend and employee George Payne. Each of the principal subseries is further divided into incoming and outgoing material. Incoming ("Received") correspondence consists of letters, telegrams and annotated items addressed to the above-named persons or entities. Outgoing ("Sent") correspondence consists of letter books (retained copies of letters sent), telegram books, and a small number of letters sent by them to other addressees.

Foldered material is arranged alphabetically by the sender's name, and then chronologically within the folder. For purposes of arrangement, the "sender" is the person or entity noted (docketed) by the recipient on the verso of the letter. Thus, a letter signed by "John Smith", but docketed "Smith & Jones" would be filed under "Smith & Jones". A letter signed by the same individual, but docketed "John Smith" would be filed as "Smith, John". Within the subseries, folders were created for correspondents who authored ten or more documents and for noteworthy persons within the collection, such as other Leverich family members and members of the Porter family, owners of the Oak Lawn and Dogberry plantations. Persons or entities that created fewer than ten documents are included in general alphabetical folders located at the beginning of each subseries.

Researchers should note that, for the most part, envelopes are housed with their corresponding letters. However, the Envelopes subseries contains a few folders of envelopes for which the corresponding letter could not be readily determined.

Subseries 1: Leverich & Co., 1838-1880

Scope and Contents note

The largest single subseries in the Correspondence series is of material pertaining to Leverich & Co. The inclusive dates of this sub-series are 1838 to 1880; the bulk dates are 1868 to 1878. In addition to the loose material, there are three letter books, two telegram books, and two telegraphic code books kept by the firm. The letter books date from 1838 to 1841, 1870 to 1876, and 1873 to 1874. The telegram books date from 1873 to 1876.

Leverich & Co did business with firms throughout the United States as well as with foreign firms. While most of the firm's dealings were in cotton, Leverich & Co. dealt in a variety of commodities and had diverse commercial interests. Correspondence with W. C. Kennett & Co. of St. Louis concerns the purchase and shipment of grain and meal; the correspondence of Price, Hine & Tupper of New Orleans concerns the sugar trade. Internationally, the firm corresponded with A. Le Forestier & Fils of Havre about the purchase of wine, and with Chapman, Fraser & Tylee, of Montreal, about the consignment of wine to that firm. Letters from the banking house of Pike, Lapeyre, & Brother, of New Orleans, deal with financial matters. The foregoing material dates from the late 1860's and early 1870's. Letters from Tallant & Co. of San Francisco, from the late 1870's, document Leverich & Co.'s interests in gold and silver mines in California and Nevada. In addition, Leverich & Co. did business with a large number of commission houses, banks, and retail firms throughout the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys, as well as in the Northeast.

Most of the material in the subseries concerns the post-bellum cotton business in New York and in the South, particularly Winnsboro, South Carolina, Norfolk, Virginia, and New Orleans. The principal correspondents in Winnsboro are James Aiken, H. L. Elliott, and James Chapman. The principal correspondents in New Orleans are William E. Leverich, brother of Henry S. and Charles P. Leverich, and J. T. Doswell. R. M. Doswell addresses correspondence from both New Orleans and Norfolk. Other correspondents include Henry Cobia and Lesesne & Wells, of Charleston, South Carolina, Duff Green & Son of Vicksburg, Mississippi, and George T. Rogers & Sons of Macon, Georgia. Specific subjects include weather conditions, overseas and domestic markets, prices, and credit. William E. Leverich's correspondence of the 1870's includes discussions of the Oak Lawn plantation and the Porters. Material from George Green & Son of Liverpool involves the cotton trade in Great Britain.

The earlier letter book of Leverich & Co. dates from 1838 to 1841. This particular volume is attributed to Leverich & Co., rather than to a specific partner, because both Henry S. and Charles P. Leverich used it; letter books used by only one partner are attributed to that partner only. Most of the letters in the volume are to persons or firms in New Orleans. These include: J.H. Leverich & Co., a firm founded by James H. Leverich, a brother of Henry S. and Charles P. Leverich; William E. Leverich; Carriere, Darant & Co.; James Colles; Georges Legendere; and T.R. Hyde & Co. Frequent correspondents in other cities include Edward Dawson of Mobile, and Jackson & Todd of Philadelphia. Most of this material has to do with the sugar or cotton trades.

The later letter books and the telegram books date from the 1870's. One of the letter books contains, in its entirety, letters to James Aiken. This volume is chiefly written in the hands of Edward Leverich, son of Henry Leverich, and Charles D. Leverich, son of Charles P. Leverich, and deals with cotton purchases and prices, and credit. The other later letter book is a letterpress book of bills. The telegram books contain messages to a variety of recipients, including James Aiken and H.L. Elliott. These are usually buy or sell orders, or price quotations. The 1875-1876 volume appears to contain some entries that may not be actual messages, but records of transactions that were simply entered in this particular volume. Two code books for deciphering transcripted messages are also included in this subseries.

The overwhelming majority of the material in the Leverich & Co. sub-series dates from the Reconstruction period, and some correspondents refer to political events, especially in the South. James Aiken provided information on elections, race relations, and public opinion in Winnsboro. William E. Leverich provided the same type of information regarding New Orleans, including a description of the White League uprising in New Orleans in September 1874. Thomas J. Foster, an employee of Leverich & Co., described a racial disturbance in St. Mary's Parish that took place during the same month.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters received: A
1865-1876
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letters received: B
1857-1859, 1865-1878
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Letters received: C
1841, 1860, 1865-1878
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Letters received: D
1849, 1857-1877
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Letters received: E
1867-1876
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Letters received: F
1860, 1865-1877
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Letters received: G
1865-1876
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Letters received: H
1855, 1865-1877
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Letters received: I
1866, 1869-1870, 1877
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Letters received: J
1865-1872, 1876
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Letters received: K
1865-1876
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Letters received: L
1865-1880
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Letters received: M
1859-1877
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Letters received: N
1865-1876
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Letters received: O
1863-1876
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Letter received: P, Q
1860, 1865-1877
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Letters received: R
1859, 1865-1877
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Letters received: S
1865-1877
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Letters received: T
1867-1876
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Letters received: U, V
1858-1859, 1865-1869
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Letters received: W
1865-1878
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Letters received: Y, Z
1860, 1868-1872
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Letters received: Unknown Correspondents
1872
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Letters received: Aiken, J.D.
1868-1869, 1872
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Letters received: Aiken, James R.
1867
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Letters received: Aiken, James R.
1868
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Letters received: Aiken, James R.
1869
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Letters received: Aiken, James R.
1870
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Letters received: Aiken, James R.
1870-1871
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Letters received: Aiken, James R.
1871-1872
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Letters received: Aiken, James R.
1872-1875, undated
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Letters received: Aiken, W.E.
1867-1875
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Letters received: Bacot & Co.
1869-1873, 1877
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Letters received: Barnwell, Arthur &Co.
1874-1878
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Letters received: Bratton, John
1868-1873
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Letters received: Bremer, G & Co.
1868-1869
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Letters received: Brown & Clark
1873
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Letters received: Budd & Blake
1867-1869
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Letters received: Chapman, Fraser & Tylee
1867-1871
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Letters received: Chapman, James
1868
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Letters received: Chapman, James
1869-1870
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Letters received: Chapman, Robert
1867-1868
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Letters received: Cobia, Henry & Co.
1866-1871
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Letters received: Cohen, Hanckel & Co.
1869-1871
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Letters received: Collins, A. Lewis
1866-1867
Box: 4 Folder : 15 Letters received: Conant and Rand
1868-1870
Box: 4 Folder : 16 Letters received: Copeland and Bearden
1869-1871
Box: 4 Folder : 17 Letters received: Cozzens, William C.
1865-1868
Box: 4 Folder : 18 Letters received: Creight, W. B.
1868-1873, 1877
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Letters received: Davies, Richard
1865-1869
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Letters received: Davis, C. B.
1865-1878
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Letters received: Davis, S. M.
1869-1878
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Letters received: Dolton, William & Co.
1868-1870, 1876
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Letters received: Doswell, J. T.
1869-1870
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Letters received: Doswell, J. T.
1871-1875
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Letters received: Doswell, R. M.
1871-1873
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Letters received: Doswell, R. M.
1874-1877
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Letters received: Duncan, Henry P.
1867, 1876-1878
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Letters received: Duncan, Stephen Jr.
1865-1877
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Letters received: Dupuy, Charles L. C.
1872-1873
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Letters received: Elliott, H. L. & Co.
1866-1867
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Letters received: Elliott, H. L. & Co.
1868
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Letters received: Elliott, H. L.
1869
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Letters received: Elliott, H. L.
1871
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Letters received: Elliott, H. L.
1872
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Letters received: Elliott, H. L.
1873
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Letters received: Elliott, H. L.
1874
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Letters received: Elliott, H. L.
1875-1878
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Letters received: Foster & Levy
1875-1878
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Letters received: Foster, Thomas J.
1871-1876
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Letters received: Green, Duff & Co.
1865-1866
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Letters received: Green, George & Son
1865-1869
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Letters received: Green, George & Son
1871-1873
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Letters received: Habersham, William
1868-1870
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Letters received: Heilbuth, E.
1867
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Letters received: Hinde & Porter
1866-1867
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Letters received: Hine, T. D.
1872, 1876
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Letters received: Hobart, E. & Co.
1874-1876
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Letters received: Hobson, Richard & Co.
1875-1876
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Letters received: Hope, Edward
1870-1872
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Letters received: Irwin and Sloan
1865
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Letters received: Johnston, J. M.
1865-1871
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Letters received: Jordan, Thomas
1869-1872
Box: 7 Folder : 11 Letters received: Kennedy, S. H.
1870-1873
Box: 7 Folder : 12 Letters received: Kennett, W. C.
1866-1870
Box: 7 Folder : 13 Letters received: Lafitte, Edward
1870-1871
Box: 7 Folder : 14 Letters received: Lafitte, Doswell & Co.
1870-1871
Box: 7 Folder : 15 Letters received: Le Forestier & Fils
1867-1870
Box: 7 Folder : 16 Letters received: Lesesne & Wells
1869-1873
Box: 7 Folder : 17 Letters received: Leverich, A. J.
1869-1870
Box: 7 Folder : 18 Letters received: Leverich, Annie M.
1873, 1874
Box: 7 Folder : 19 Letters received: Leverich, Charles D.
1866-1874
Box: 7 Folder : 20 Letters received: Leverich, Charles E.
1867-1868
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Letters received: Leverich, Charles E.
1869
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Letters received: Leverich, Charles E.
1869-1870
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Letters received: Leverich, Charles P.
1869
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Letters received: Leverich, Edward
1869-1871, 1874
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Letters received: Leverich, Henry S.
1867-1874
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Letters received: Leverich, James H.
1876
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Letters received: Leverich, S.[tephen] D.[uncan]
1873
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1865-1869
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1870
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1871
Box: 8 Folder : 11 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1873
Box: 8 Folder : 12 Letters received: Leverich, William E. (1 of 2)
1874
Box: 8 Folder : 13 Letters received: Leverich, William E. (2 of 2)
1874
Box: 8 Folder : 14 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1875
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1876
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1877-1878
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Letters received: Lewes, Packham
1868
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Letters received: Lowndes & Co.
1867-1868
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Letters received: Lowndes, C. T.
1869-1874
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Letters received: Mandeville, George S.
1865-1866
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Letters received: Matthews, John P., Jr.
1870
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Letters received: McConnell, J. M.
1871-1876
Box: 9 Folder : 9 Letters received: McMurran, Mary L.
1873-1876
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Letters received: Mercer, W. Newton
1865
Box: 9 Folder : 11 Letters received: Miller, Walter T.
1871, 1873, 1876-1878
Box: 9 Folder : 12 Letters received: Minor, F. O.
1871, 1875
Box: 9 Folder : 13 Letters received: Minor, H. C.
1865, 1871, 1874-1877
Box: 9 Folder : 14 Letters received: Minor, K. S.
1866, 1868, 1870-1877
Box: 9 Folder : 15 Letters received: Newman, Charles
1865-1866
Box: 9 Folder : 16 Letters received: Page, S. Davis
1872, 1876-1878
Box: 9 Folder : 17 Letters received: Payne, George E.
1865-1866, 1870-1871, 1873
Box: 9 Folder : 18 Letters received: Peters, Edward D. & Co.
1868-1869
Box: 9 Folder : 19 Letters received: Peters & Reed
1875-1876
Box: 9 Folder : 20 Letters received: Phillips' Provision Exchange
1868
Box: 9 Folder : 21 Letters received: Pike, Lapeyre & Brother
1865-1868
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Letters received: Pike, Brother & Co.
1869-1876
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Letters received: Porter, Annie
1871
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Letters received: Porter, Mary
1868-1870
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Letters received: Price, Hine & Tupper
1866, 1871-1872
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Letters received: Reynolds Brothers
1864, 1869-1876
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Letters received: Rogers, George T. & Sons
1865-1871
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Letters received: Rondeau, C. A. F.
1859, 1872-1877
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Letters received: Roth, Johannes
1869-1870
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Letters received: Ruff and Lauhow
1867
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Letters received: St. John, Newton
1871
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Letters received: Sands & Co.
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Letters received: Shepard, A. D.
1865-1866
Box: 10 Folder : 13 Letters received: Shields, G. B.
1870-1875
Box: 10 Folder : 14 Letters received: Smith, Homer H. & Co.
1867, 1871-1876
Box: 10 Folder : 15 Letters received: Stanard, McColl & Co.
1874
Box: 10 Folder : 16 Letters received: Steever, G. G.
1869-1874
Box: 10 Folder : 17 Letters received: Surget, James
1869-1878
Box: 10 Folder : 18 Letters received: Tallant & Co.
1875-1876
Box: 10 Folder : 19 Letters received: Tallant & Co.
1876-1878
Box: 10 Folder : 20 Letters received: Thompson, Withers, Woodward
1867-1868
Box: 10 Folder : 21 Letters received: Thompson and Woodward
1868-1869, 1871
Box: 10 Folder : 22 Letters received: Withers, J. N.
1868-1872
Box: 10 Folder : 23 Letters received: Wolfe, Jacob
1868-1870
Box: 10 Folder : 24 Letters received: Wolfe, S. S.
1870-1872
Box: 10 Folder : 25 Letters received: Wolff, S.
1866-1868
Box: 10 Folder : 26 Letters received: Woodward, G. A.
1868-1869
Box: 10 Folder : 27 Letters received: Woodward & Law
1871-1872
Box: 10 Folder : 28 Letters sent: A - Z
1865, 1866, 1869-1877
Box: 10 Folder : 29 Letters sent: Atwood, Thomas
1865
Box: 10 Folder : 30 Telegrams sent: "Telegrams" [Original Housed w/ "Fragile Documents"]
[1870-1880]
Volume: 1 "Letter Book"
1838-1841
Volume: 2 "J. R. Aiken"
1870-1876
Volume: 48 "Special. Bills. 250. Page"
1873-1874
Volume: 3 "Telegrams"
1875-1876
Box: 56 Private Telegraphic Code for Correspondence between Messrs. Leverich & Co. New York and Lesesne & Wells 1870
1870
Box: 56 Code Book
undated
Subseries 2: Charles P. Leverich, 1829-1874

Scope and Contents note

The inclusive dates for the material pertaining to Charles P. Leverich are 1829 to 1874. Most of the correspondents are southern businessmen or planters and business affairs play prominently in their letters. Correspondents include A. McWilliams, who wrote from Camperdown, a plantation in Louisiana, and A. D. Shepard of Franklin, Louisiana. Both of these men wrote mainly about sugar and cotton. C. A. F. Rondeau, of New Orleans, wrote on behalf of the Louisiana State Bank. Letters from William E. Leverich of New Orleans have to do with Leverich & Co.'s Louisiana interests in general. Letters from clients of Charles P. Leverich, in his capacity as a cotton factor, include those from Stephen Duncan of Natchez, Mississippi, and William J. Minor, also of Natchez.

Charles P. Leverich's answers to some of this correspondence can be found in his letter books, which date from 1839 to 1844, 1841 to 1845, and 1853 to 1854. In the letter books, he concerns himself primarily with financial affairs and international trade, and only to a lesser extent addresses specific dealings in Southern commodities. Much of the unbound material addressed to Charles P. Leverich dates from the period 1860-1868; his letter books date from an earlier period. Thus, the persons and firms represented in the letter books are not always the same as those represented in the loose correspondence. Persons who appear frequently in the letter books are L. Millandon, J.H. Leverich and P.J. Palfrey of New Orleans, John S. Riddle and Charles P. Relf of Philadelphia, and Newton Mercer of Natchez.

Virtually every Southern correspondent of Charles P. Leverich commented on the political events of 1860-1861. The majority of material in the Leverich Papers concerning the election of Abraham Lincoln and the Secession Crisis is in this subseries.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Letters received: A - M
1839, 1857-1867, 1870-1871, undated
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Letters received: N - Z
1858-1861, 1865, 1872
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Letters received: Duncan, S.
1858
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Letters received: Duncan, S.
1859
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Letters received: Leverich. A. I.
1869
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Letters received: Leverich, Charles D.
1860, 1867, 1873
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Letters received: Leverich, Henry S.
1868-1871, undated
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1859
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1860
Box: 11 Folder : 10 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1861-1863
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Letters received: Marshall, L. R.
1860-1861
Box: 11 Folder : 12 Letters received: McWilliams, A.
1857-1858
Box: 11 Folder : 13 Letters received: McWilliams, A.
1859-1861
Box: 11 Folder : 14 Letters received: Mercer, William N.
1859-1861, 1865-1866
Box: 11 Folder : 15 Letters received: Palfrey, W. T.
1860-1861
Box: 11 Folder : 16 Letters received: Payne, George
1860-1861, 1865
Box: 11 Folder : 17 Letters received: Porter, Annie
1861
Box: 11 Folder : 18 Letters received: Porter, Mary
1860-1861
Box: 11 Folder : 19 Letters received: Pringle, J. J.
1860-1861
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Letters received: Rondeau, C. A. F.
1856-1857
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Letters received: Rondeau, C. A. F.
1858
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Letters received: Rondeau, C. A. F.
1859-1861
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Letters received: Shepard, A. D.
1858-1859
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Letters received: Shepard, A. D.
1860-1865
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Letters received: Shields, G. B.
1860-1861
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Letters received: Smith, Homer H.
1860
Box: 12 Folder : 8 Letters received: Smith & Hine
1860-1861
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Letters received: Stansbury, N.
1860-1861
Box: 12 Folder : 10 Letters received: Surget, F.
1860-1861
Box: 12 Folder : 11 Letters sent: A - Z
1829, 1839, 1857-1861, undated
Volume: 4 "Letter Book"
1839-1844
Volume: 5 "Letter Book"
1841-1845
Volume: 6 "Letter Book"
1853-1854
Subseries 3: Henry S. Leverich, 1824-1877

Scope and Contents note

Business affairs also figure prominently in the correspondence of Henry S. Leverich, the other principal partner in Leverich & Co. The inclusive dates for this material are 1824 to 1877. Almost all the letters in the collection from before 1840 are addressed to Henry S. Leverich, as opposed to Leverich & Co. Correspondents include James Colles and Joseph Lallande, both of New Orleans, who wrote about the sugar trade in the 1820's. Peters and Millard, also of that city, concerned themselves mostly with financial matters during the following decade. The sub-series also contains correspondence from W. & J.H. Leverich, Leverich & Co.'s New Orleans counterpart. Henry S. Leverich's responses to the letters of W. & J.H. Leverich are usually addressed to one or the other of the partners in that firm, rather than to the firm as such. Most of this material is from the 1820's and 1830's. J. Oliviera & Co. of London and Madeira corresponded with Henry S. Leverich during the 1830's regarding the wine trade. Tallant & Co., in the 1870's, apprized Henry S. Leverich of the status of his stock holdings in the Western United States. Letters from other correspondents dealt with a range of mercantile pursuits. Foldered with the correspondence is a small travel diary of Henry's voyage to New Orleans on the ship Frances Fosdick, in 1826 and a one-page journal of the ship Huntsville in 1836.

The nine letter books of Henry S. Leverich date from 1824 to 1849, with a gap between 1836 and 1838. One of the letter books is blank. Almost all of this material has to do with specific transactions in cotton, molasses, sugar, rice, tobacco or coffee. Of particular note, however, are Henry Leverich's letters from the Southern States to his brother Charles in the mid-1820's; his observations to Oliviera & Co. on the Oregon Boundary dispute, the Mexican-American War, and the tariff; and his close monitoring of the rice market during the European potato blight of 1847. Throughout, he sometimes makes passing comments on the policies of the Administrations of the period, and on political events.

Correspondence of Edward Leverich, his wife, Annie, and George Payne, comprise three distinct but related subseries of the Correspondence series.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 1 Letters received: A - P
1827-1876, undated
Box: 13 Folder : 2 Letters received: R - Z
1837-1839, 1852, 1856
Box: 13 Folder : 3 Letters received: Colles, James
1827-1829
Box: 13 Folder : 4 Letters received: Hyde, T. R.
1827-1828
Box: 13 Folder : 5 Letters received: Lallande, Joseph
1826-1828
Box: 13 Folder : 6 Letters received: Leverich, Charles P.
1844
Box: 13 Folder : 7 Letters received: Leverich, Edward
1870
Box: 13 Folder : 8 Letters received: Leverich, James H.
1829, 1835-1844
Box: 13 Folder : 9 Letters received: Leverich, W. & J. H.
1829
Box: 13 Folder : 10 Letters received: Leverich, William E.
1829, 1842-1844
Box: 13 Folder : 11 Letters received: Minor, William J.
1838-1839
Box: 13 Folder : 12 Letters received: Oliviera, John & Co.
1838-1839
Box: 13 Folder : 13 Letters received: Peters & Millard
1838-1839
Box: 13 Folder : 14 Letters received: Riddle, John S.
1838-1839
Box: 13 Folder : 15 Letters received: Tallant & Co.
1876-1877
Box: 13 Folder : 16 Letters received: Walton and Kemp
1839
Box: 13 Folder : 17 Letters sent: A - Z
1837-1863, undated
Box: 55 Henry S. Leverich Novemr. 1st. 1824
1824-1825
Box: 55 Letter Book
1826-1827
Volume: 7 "Letter Copy Book"
1828-1831
Volume: 8 "Letter Book"
1830-1831
Volume: 9 "Letter Book"
1831-1835
Volume: 10 "Letter Book"
1839-1845
Volume: 11 "Letter Book"
1845-1847
Volume: 12 "Letter Copy Book"
1847-1849
Volume: 24 Letter Book: [Blank]
undated
Box: 13 Folder : 18 Travel Diaries
1826, 1836
Subseries 4: Edward Leverich, 1853-1890

Scope and Contents note

The inclusive dates for correspondence addressed to Edward Leverich are 1853 to 1890. Edward Leverich's letter books date from 1878 to 1887, for a total of five volumes. Most of the material from the period 1870 to 1880 concerns Edward Leverich's activities as a partner in Leverich & Co., including that company's liquidation in the period 1879-1880. The material from the period after 1880 pertains primarily to the management of the Oak Lawn and Dogberry Plantations, which Edward and Annie Leverich purchased in early 1881, and to the disposition of those plantations' sugar crops. Principal correspondents are Foster & Levy, the firm that managed the plantations, John Calder of the refining firm of Calder & Creevy, L.M. Ferris of the Burdon Central Sugar Refining Company, and George Payne. In large part, the letter books contain Edward's letters to Annie Leverich, written when he was at Oak Lawn and she was in New York. Most of Edward's letters to his wife detail the day-to-day running of the plantations, including weather conditions and flooding, as well as the purchase of farm implements, feed, and household items. The correspondence also deals with matters regarding Oak Lawn's employees, such as the shooting of a Chinese laborer in 1883, and with domestic disputes among the tenants. Edward Leverich also wrote about his financial circumstances in letters to his father, Henry S. Leverich, and to his father-in-law, Frederick Schuchardt.

The subseries includes other correspondence to and from individuals and companies, mostly in New Orleans and vicinity. The most important of these is Abe Leverich, Edward's cousin, who acted as factor for him in New Orleans. Much of the correspondence with Abe Leverich concerns purchases of supplies for the plantation and loans for its short-term maintenance. Correspondence with Leeds & Co., of New Orleans, from whom Edward Leverich ordered spare parts for his sugar refining equipment, sometimes contain drawings made by him for custom components. Edward Leverich also wrote frequently to Murphy J. Foster, an attorney, about the legal affairs attendant to running the plantation. Later correspondence includes letters to and from James Platt of New York, regarding the estate of Frederick Schuchardt, Annie Leverich's father. After Edward's death in November 1886, the final letter book was taken over by his wife, Annie. It should be noted that Edward continued to receive letters addressed to him up to 1890, four years after his death.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 1 Letters received: A - I
1855, 1869-1877, 1881-1890
Box: 14 Folder : 2 Letters received: J - P
1855-1856, 1860-1888
Box: 14 Folder : 3 Letters received: R - W
1859, 1870-1886
Box: 14 Folder : 4 Letters received: Duncan, Stephen
1865-1875
Box: 14 Folder : 5 Letters received: Ferris, L. M.
1886
Box: 14 Folder : 6 Letters received: Foster & Levy
1881-1882
Box: 14 Folder : 7 Letters received: Foster, Thomas J.
1881-1882
Box: 14 Folder : 8 Letters received: Fuselier, Alfred A.
1884
Box: 14 Folder : 9 Letters received: Leverich & Co.
1870, 1871
Box: 14 Folder : 10 Letters received: Leverich, A. J.
1882-1886
Box: 14 Folder : 11 Letters received: Leverich, Charles D.
1865, 1867
Box: 14 Folder : 12 Letters received: Leverich, Henry S.
1853-1854, 1860, 1863, 1883
Box: 14 Folder : 13 Letters received: Leverich, Margaret
1855, 1860, 1883
Box: 14 Folder : 14 Letters received: Levy, Samuel
1871, 1881-1882
Box: 14 Folder : 15 Letters received: Payne, George
1870-1876, 1880-1881
Box: 14 Folder : 16 Letters received: Porter
1860-1862, 1866, 1871
Box: 14 Folder : 17 Letters received: Shields, G. B.
1871, 1874
Box: 14 Folder : 18 Letters received: Stirling, A. R., Jr.
1882-1884
Box: 14 Folder : 19 Letters sent: A - Z
1865, 1876
Volume: 13 "Letters"
1878-1881
Volume: 14 "Letters"
1882-1883
Volume: 15 "Letters"
1883-1884
Volume: 16 "Letter Book"
1884-1886
Volume: 17 "Letters"
1886-1887
Subseries 5: Annie Leverich, 1882-1890

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence of Annie Leverich dates from 1882 to 1890. During her husband Edward's lifetime, the letters in her letter books are primarily to him and deal largely with family matters; other letters record her relationship with long-time family friend George Payne and her dealings with merchants. After Edward's death, the correspondence of Annie Leverich deals in large part with the management of the Oak Lawn and Dogberry Plantations. Annie Leverich sold Oak Lawn and Dogberry in 1888, and some of the correspondence from that and the previous year deals with the sale of the property. Much of the later correspondence (1888-1890) deals with a lawsuit brought against Mrs. Leverich by the Burdon Central Sugar Refining Company, and with Mrs. Leverich's countersuit. Principal correspondents are L. Murray Ferris of the Burdon Central Sugar Refining Company, and the law firms of Foster & Mentz and Rouse & Grant of New Orleans, and Glover, Sweezy & Glover of New York. Correspondence with the real estate and insurance firm of Seton & Wissman, of New York, and with Frank deR. Wissman, documents Annie Leverich's business holdings in that city. Letters to relatives include those to Fred Schuchardt, her [nephew], and Ferdinand Schuchardt, her [cousin]. She continued the business relationship that her husband had had with Abe Leverich, even after the sale of Oak Lawn.

All of the above-named persons are represented in Annie Leverich's letter books. Aside from family matters and her legal affairs, and the operation of the plantation, Annie Leverich's letter books contain material regarding her ultimate sale of Oak Lawn, including an inventory of the property and letters to prospective buyers. After her sale of Oak Lawn, Annie Leverich moved to Pass Christian, Mississippi. Her later letter books were created there, and much of her correspondence from this period concerns her ongoing legal dispute with the Burdon Central Sugar Refining Company. A small address book is also part of this subseries.

Unlike the more business-oriented correspondence of the partners in Leverich & Co., Edward and Annie Leverich's letter books also contain some family gossip and passing comments on the news of the day.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 15 Folder : 1 Letters received: A - C
1883-1889
Box: 15 Folder : 2 Letters received: D - E
1886-1890
Box: 15 Folder : 3 Letters received: F - H
1883, 1886-1889
Box: 15 Folder : 4 Letters received: J - M
1884, 1887-1890, undated
Box: 15 Folder : 5 Letters received: N - P
1885-1890
Box: 15 Folder : 6 Letters received: R - W
1883-1890
Box: 15 Folder : 7 Letters received: Calder, John & Co.
1886-1887
Box: 16 Folder : 1 Letters received: Calder & Creevy
1887-1888
Box: 16 Folder : 2 Letters received: Clark & Meader
1889-1890
Box: 16 Folder : 3 Letters received: Ferris, L. M.
1886-1887
Box: 16 Folder : 4 Letters received: Foster, Murphy J.
1886-1889
Box: 16 Folder : 5 Letters received: Foster & Mentz
1887-1889
Box: 16 Folder : 6 Letters received: Gardner, William J.
1888-1889
Box: 16 Folder : 7 Letters received: Ker, William B.
1886-1887
Box: 16 Folder : 8 Letters received: Lathrop, L. C.
1888-1889
Box: 16 Folder : 9 Letters received: Lathrop, Smith, Oliphant
1886-1890
Box: 16 Folder : 10 Letters received: Leverich, A. J.
1888-1889
Box: 16 Folder : 11 Letters received: Payne, George
1886-1889
Box: 16 Folder : 12 Letters received: Rouse & Grant
1888-1889
Box: 16 Folder : 13 Letters received: Schuchardt, Frederick
1886-1889
Box: 16 Folder : 14 Letters received: Schuchardt, Tassie
1888-1889
Box: 17 Folder : 1 Letters received: Seton & Wissmann
1888
Box: 17 Folder : 2 Letters received: Seton & Wissmann
1889
Box: 17 Folder : 3 Letters received: Seton & Wissmann
1890
Box: 17 Folder : 4 Letters received: Stirling, A. R.
1886-1888
Box: 17 Folder : 5 Letters received: Sweezy, Richard L.
1887-1889
Box: 17 Folder : 6 Letters received: Toby, Edward
1886-1889
Box: 17 Folder : 7 Letters received: Weil, Sam
1887-1888
Box: 17 Folder : 8 Letters received: Wissmann, F. de R.
1886-1888
Box: 17 Folder : 9 Letters received: Wissmann, F. de R.
1889-1890
Box: 17 Folder : 10 Letters sent: A - Z
1873, 1875, 1876, 1889
Volume: 18 "Letters"
1882-1885
Volume: 19 "Letters"
1887
Volume: 20 "Letter Book"
1887
Volume: 21 "Letters"
1888
Volume: 22 "Letters"
1888-1890
Volume: 23 "Letters"
1890
Box: 55 Address Book: Visiters Addresses
undated
Subseries 6: George Payne, 1866-1890

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence of George Payne originated with some of the same correspondents with whom Annie Leverich corresponded. The material dates from 1866-1890. Letters to Payne are mainly from Annie Leverich, written when she was absent from Oak Lawn, and from A.R. Stirling, manager of the Oak Lawn store. These letters have to do primarily with the management of Oak Lawn and Dogberry, and the lawsuit arising from the dispute between Annie Leverich and Burdon Central Sugar Refining. An unbound letterpress book contains letters from George Payne to Annie Leverich (whom he addressed as "Sunflower"), written when Annie was absent from the plantation in 1887. In addition to the correspondence in his own letter book, some letters written by George Payne appear in Annie Leverich's letter books.

George Payne's association with the Leverich Family spanned approximately thirty years; during this period, he wrote to Leverich & Co., Charles P. Leverich, and Henry S. Leverich, in addition to Edward Leverich and Annie Leverich. Letters from George Payne appear in each of these subseries. Payne was involved with the management of Oak Lawn and Dogberry, and this involvement comprises a great deal of the subject matter of his letters to Annie Leverich. Many of his letters to Edward Leverich pertain to a suit that Payne brought before the U.S. Court of Claims. Payne's claim evidently concerned the confiscation of his cotton crop by the Union Army during the Civil War. Payne's suit remained unresolved for years, and his letters recount its progress during his occasional long stays in Washington, D.C.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 1 Letters received: A - Z
1871, 1875, 1881
Box: 18 Folder : 2 Letters received: Leverich, Annie
1887-1889
Box: 18 Folder : 3 Letters received: Stirling, A. R.
1886-1888
Box: 18 Folder : 4 Letters sent: A - Z
1866, 1887-1888
Box: 18 Folder : 5 Letterbook (disbound): Letters from Payne to Annie Leverich
1887
Subseries 7: Other Correspondents, 1818, 1827-1889, undated

Scope and Contents note

The Other Correspondents sub-series consists of material not addressed to any of the persons or entities specified above. Most of this material is correspondence from one member of the Leverich Family to another member, or from a member of the Leverich Family to a member of an allied family. Included are letters to or from: Mary A. Gustine, Emily Duncan, Annie M. Leverich, Charles Duncan Leverich, Stephen Duncan Jr., James H. Leverich, William E. Leverich, and Mary Porter. Note that letters from some individuals who are represented in this sub-series may be found in the sub-series named for specific individuals or entities (e.g. Henry S. Leverich, Leverich & Co. etc.). Included here are four letters to Peter Remsen and Co., and two letters from Peter Remsen and Co., announcing its dissolution in 1835.

Also included in this subseries is an unbound letter book of Frederick Schuchardt, father of Annie Leverich. Schuchardt accompanied Edward and Annie Leverich to Oak Lawn when the Leveriches took possession of the plantation in December of 1881 and remained with them until February 1882. From Oak Lawn, he wrote to his daughters Amelia and Lizzie [Delafield?], his [nephew] Ferdinand, and to several business associates. In his letters, Frederick Schuchardt describes the plantation, his daily activities, especially hunting, and writes extensively on the subject of dog breeding.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 6 A - L
1818, 1827-1839, 1848-1889
Box: 18 Folder : 7 M - Z
1829-1889, undated
Box: 18 Folder : 8 Frederick Schuchardt: Letter Press Book
1881-1882
Subseries 8: Newtown & Bushwick Turnpike, 1831-1844

Scope and Contents note

This subseries includes documents relating to the Newtown & Bushwick Turnpike dating from 1831 to 1844. The Newtown & Bushwick Turnpike material includes letters from S. Willets, Gideon Hallet, Charles P. Lowerre, and M.P. Holland, all Inspectors of Turnpikes of the period. Also included are letters of complaint to Nicholas N. Wyckoff, the president of the turnpike company, and from William Johnson.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 9 Newtown, New York Turnpike
1831-1844, undated
Subseries 9: Invitations and Calling Cards, undated

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains a folder of invitations and calling cards.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 10 Invitations and Calling Cards
undated
Subseries 10: Handwritten Notes, 1937

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains a folder of handwritten notes, dated 1937, about the collection itself, as opposed to the persons or events referred to in the collection. These notes were signed "M.D.L.", presumably Margaret Duncan Leverich, daughter of Edward and Annie Leverich.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 11 Notes of "M. D. L."
1937
Subseries 11: Envelopes, 1872, 1884-1890, undated

Scope and Contents note

Although most envelopes are housed with their corresponding letters, this subseries contains a few folders of envelopes for which the corresponding letter could not be readily determined.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 18 Folder : 12 Envelopes (large)
Box: 18 Folder : 13 Envelopes (small)

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Series II. Business/Financial Papers, 1818, 1825-1890

Scope and Contents note

The Business/Financial Series of the Leverich Papers primarily chronicles the business undertakings of Leverich & Co. and the Oak Lawn and Dogberry Plantations, and the household expenses of members of the Leverich and allied families. The collection documents the trade in a wide variety of products, but is particularly rich in material pertaining to the trade in the products of Southern agriculture before and after the Civil War. The material spans the period from 1825 to 1890, with one item from 1818. Henry S. Leverich, one of the partners in Leverich & Co., was an associate of Peter Remsen & Co. from ca. 1825 to Remsen & Co.'s dissolution in May 1835. Thus, most of the material from before May 1835 pertains to Remsen & Co.

The series is divided into several subseries on the basis of form. Foldered material is arranged chronologically by month within the subseries, based on the latest date on the document. Bound volumes are arranged chronologically, unless otherwise noted. Researchers should be able to access information via various subseries, following a transaction from account books, through invoices and receipts, through bills of lading, etc.

Very little of the material in this series was in original order, and that which was dates from before 1840. In those cases where original order was evident, it was retained. This material was originally broken down into such categories as "Petty Bills", "Bills of Lading Inward", and "Invoices Inward". It appears to have originally been tied together in bundles, which were identified with a wood or paper placard at the top of the bundle. In these cases, where the material was assigned a title by its creator, the title appears in quotation marks beneath the series title on the folder. The original order material can be found at the beginning of the Bills, Receipts, Invoices, Transferable Orders for Cotton, Payrolls, Charges; Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances; and Bills of Lading/Freight Receipts subseries. It is arranged chronologically by the date appearing in the title.

Early on Leverich & Co. dealt in household products such as tobacco, foodstuffs, spices, glass and glassware, and soap and also industrial products such as hemp, hides, and bulk chemicals, specifically brimstone, saltpeter and indigo. A large proportion of the firm's business in its early years entailed the import of wine from Palermo, Lisbon, and Madeira, and its reshipment to other ports in the U.S. The most noteworthy associated firm in the wine trade was J. Oliviera & Co. of Madeira and London. Leverich & Co. enjoyed a long relationship with this firm. In this early period, most of Leverich & Co.'s bulk trade in Southern produce was in sugar and sugar products, i.e. molasses and rum. The source of these products was New Orleans, and the shipments usually originated with William E. & James H. Leverich, James Colles & Co., or Joseph Lallande & Co., all of that city. At this time, Leverich & Co. had dealings with a great number of wholesalers and shippers in, as well as the above-named cities, Naples, Bristol, Liverpool, Hamburg, and Antwerp in Europe, and Boston, Philadelphia, and Charleston in the United States. Other shipments came from and went to cities as far afield as Calcutta and Buenos Aires.

Gradually, in the decade after the dissolution of Remsen & Co. in 1835, Leverich & Co. expanded its dealings in Southern products. In addition to sugar, the firm began to deal in cotton and rice, with shipments of these latter products often originating in Charleston, South Carolina. Beginning at this time, Leverich & Co. began its association with James Chapman of Charleston. This relationship endured until the 1870's. Another important associate in the South Carolina trade during the antebellum period was Michael Lazarus.

Natchez, Mississippi provided another source of cotton. Natchez was the home of Dr. James A. Gustine, Stephen Duncan, and William D. Minor; Leverich & Co. acted as the factors for these three planters, arranging the sale of their produce and filling their orders for supplies. Leverich & Co. expanded its Southern trade throughout the 1840's.

Throughout the collection, beginning primarily in the 1840's, are numerous bills and receipts from New York retail stores, reflecting not only purchases for the households of Charles P. and Henry S. Leverich, but the purchases of Leverich & Co. for its Southern clients. Indeed, when the Gustine Family relocated to New York after the death of James Gustine, Leverich & Co. continued to act as agent for the family, arranging its household as well as its business affairs. Among the retail firms with whom Leverich & Co. had dealings are Brooks Brothers, Tiffany & Co., and Macy's. Scores of other retailers are represented in the collection.

Leverich & Co. continued as a commission merchant house until the Civil War. Since the firm dealt extensively in Southern products, the war significantly affected its business. This effect is reflected in the scarcity of business material from the years 1861-1865. It is worth noting, however, that the firm was able to take advantage of the ebbing of Confederate fortunes. In April of 1862, the Union Army occupied New Orleans; by the summer of that year, Leverich & Co. was receiving sugar from that city. Numerous bills from the firms of Dunne & Eagan and Robert Dillon & Co. for the mending of cotton, and from Ford's Stores for the storage of cotton indicate that as the war went on, the firm also received that commodity. From the extant papers, Leverich & Co. does not seem to have done the volume of business during the war that it did before and after it, but it did engage in both domestic and international trade.

Beginning in the 1850's, Leverich & Co. began undertaking other commercial ventures which may have softened the impact of the war on the principal source of the firm's livelihood. During this period, Leverich & Co. began dealing in "negotiable business paper". Most of the firm's transactions in negotiable paper were with Marshall Pepoon, Cammann & Co., and Francis Skiddy & Co. All of these companies were located on Wall Street in New York City. During the same decade, Leverich & Co. began to purchase stocks and bonds, both for itself and for its clients. Most of the stocks purchased in the 1840's and 1850's were of railroad companies. By the 1870's, Leverich & Co. also owned stock in gold and silver mines in California and Nevada.

After the Civil War, the mercantile activities of Leverich & Co. began to center almost exclusively on trading in cotton. The post-bellum cotton trade was considerably different from the trade as it had been practiced before the war. In the late 1860's and 1870's, Leverich & Co., for the most part, ceased to be factors for specific planters and began to purchase cotton from merchants in Southern cities, principally Winnsboro, South Carolina, Norfolk, Virginia, and New Orleans. The firm also traded cotton with other brokers in New York City. This emphasis on the cotton trade in the period after the Civil War is reflected in the volume of material from the 1870's. Almost one half of the material in the sub-series Bills, Receipts, Invoices, Transferable Orders for Cotton, Payrolls, Charges is from that decade. The bulk of this material has to do with the cotton trade. This material documents transactions between Leverich & Co. and a large number of other New York cotton brokers. Prominent among the other firms represented are Walter T. Miller & Co. and Brodie & Dubrow. Forms include Classifications, Contracts, and Transferable Orders for Cotton.

Leverich & Co. went into liquidation in 1879. The bulk of the material from 1880 to 1890 concerns the management of the Oak Lawn and Dogberry Plantations in Bayou Teche, Louisiana. The plantations had been owned by James Porter, for whom Leverich & Co. had acted as factors. By 1873, Leverich & Co. held the mortgages to both plantations, and in 1881 Edward Leverich and his wife Annie purchased them outright. The main crop of Oak Lawn and Dogberry was sugar, and much of the material involves its cultivation and processing. Other items record the workings and expenses of the plantation store, and purchases by and sales to tenants. Of particular note are the payrolls of the plantations, which record a large contingent of Chinese laborers in the plantations' workforce. The last dated folder in the series contains material from 1890.

Subseries 1: Account Books, 1818, 1827-1890

Scope and Contents note

Includes journals, ledgers, daybooks, waste books, cash books, sales books, receipt books, record books, invoice books, memorandum books, storage books, cartage books, cotton broker books, and inventories. The account books span 1818, 1827-1890. Where an account book has an actual title, that title appears in quotes (e.g. Leverich & Co.: "Book of Charges"). The volumes in this subseries deal with both business and household expenses. They range from large journals and ledgers encompassing multiple years to small memorandum books and account books recording such transactions as weights of sugar cane or accounts with a butcher. Volumes exist for Leverich & Co., Henry S. Leverich, Charles P. Leverich, Edward Leverich, and Annie Leverich. A few account books and memorandum books also exist for the following people: George Payne, Margaret Leverich, and William H. Leverich; and William U. Persiani, and J.D. Fowler, presumably colleagues of the Leveriches. Checkbooks and bank books are located under the Checks, Notes, Exchanges subseries. Records books dealing with insurance companies are located in Series III. Legal, Taxes, Insurance.

Listed alphabetically by creator. Chronological list also available at repository.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 55 [J.D. Fowler]: "J.D. Fowler in Act. with H.S. & C.P. Leverich"
1856-1859
Box: 55 [Annie Leverich]: Memorandum Book
1887
Box: 55 [Annie Leverich]: Notes Due - 1887
1887
Box: 55 Annie Leverich: Mrs. A. F. L.
1888-1890
Box: 55 [Annie Leverich/Edward Leverich]: Portions of Memo / Note Books
[1880-1890]
Box: 54 Charles P. Leverich: [Receipt Book]
1835-1855
Box: 56 [Charles P. Leverich]: "H. S. L. to C. P. L. 1 Jany. to 1 July 1838"
1838
Box: 56 [Charles P. Leverich]: "H. S. L. to C. P. L. 1st. July to 31st. Decemr. 1838"
1838
Box: 56 [Charles P. Leverich]: "H. S. L. _ to C.[P. L.] Jany. 1. 1839 to [Mar. 1840]"
1839-1840
Box: 56 [Charles P. Leverich]: "H. S. L. to C. P. L. Dr. 1st. April 1840 to"
1840-1842
Volume: 34 [Charles P. Leverich]: Day Book
1841-1846
Box: 55 Charles P. Leverich: J. Moore Weighing -- C. P. Leverich
1846-1855
Volume: 35 Charles P. Leverich: "Day Book No. 3"
1849-1854
Box: 56 [Charles P. Leverich]: "Consignments"
undated
Box: 56 [Charles P. Leverich]: "Consignments"
undated
Box: 56 Edward Leverich: Day Book
1863-1864
Volume: 61 [Edward Leverich]: "Ledger"
1881-1883
Volume: 62 [Edward Leverich]: "Daybook"
1881
Box: 54 [Edward Leverich]: [Receipt Book for Syrup]
1885-1886
Box: 55 [Edward Leverich]: "Weight of Cane for Acc't J. J. Michael 1887 Oak Lawn Plantation"
1886-1887
Box: 55 [Edward Leverich]: "Weight of Cane for Acct Luke Roman. 1887 Oak Lawn Plantation"
1886-1887
Box: 55 [Edward Leverich]: "Inventory of Contents of Overseer's House Mr. Stirling"
undated
Box: 55 [Edward Leverich]: "Inventory of Furniture in House No. 28 East 30th Street belonging to Edwd. Leverich"
undated
Box: 55 [Edward Leverich]: "Furniture - Inventory of House No. 28 East 30th Street belonging to Edwd. Leverich"
undated
Box: 54 Henry S. Leverich: [Receipt Book]
1827-1828
Volume: 25 Henry S. Leverich: Ledger
1827-1841
Volume: 26 Henry S. Leverich: Journal
1827-1831
Volume: 27 Henry S. Leverich: Cash Book
1827-1832
Box: 54 Henry S. Leverich: [Receipt Book]
1828-1829
Box: 54 Henry S. Leverich: [Receipt Book]
1829-1830
Box: 54 Henry S. Leverich: [Receipt Book]
1830-1831
Box: 54 Henry S. Leverich: [Receipt Book]
1831
Box: 54 Henry S. Leverich: [Receipt Book]
1835-1841
Volume: 30 Henry S. Leverich: "Sales Book"
1835-1850
Volume: 31 Henry S. Leverich: "Journal C"
1838-1846
Volume: 32 Henry S. Leverich: Cash Book
1841-1846
Volume: 33 Henry S. Leverich: Sales Journal
1840-1846
Box: 56 Henry S. Leverich: Mr. H. S. Leverich in account with [Mrs. S. A. Howard] (Household)
1883-1884
Box: 56 Henry S. Leverich: Mr. Henry S. Leverich...in Account with John A. Prigge... (Household)
1880-1881
Box: 56 Henry S. Leverich: Mr. H. S. Leverich in Account with Clement & Bloodgood... (Household)
1873-1876
Box: 56 Henry S. Leverich: H. S. Leverich in Account with Geo. [Pople]... (Household)
1875
Box: 56 Henry S. Leverich: Henry S. Leverich in account with E. L. van Wickle (Household)
1879-1882
Box: 56 Henry S. Leverich: Mr. Henry S. Leverich... in Account with John A. Prigge... (Household)
1880-1881
Volume: 28 [Henry S. Leverich]: Sales Book / Invoice Book
1827-1830
Volume: 29 [Henry S. Leverich]: Sales Book / Invoice Book
1830-1832
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: [Account Book]
1835 Jul. - 1835 Nov.
Box: 56 Henry S. Leverich: [Account Book]
1833 Oct. - 1836 Mar.
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: "C. P. L. agst. H. S. L. Decemr. 1835 to April 1836"
1835-1836
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: "Petty Cash C. P. L. agst. H. S. L. April to June 1836"
1836
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: "C. P. L. agst. H. S. L. June to Sept 1836"
1836
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: "C. P. Leverich a/c Septemr. 1836 to Jan. 1837"
1836-1837
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: "C. P. L. agst. H. S. L. Jan. to April 1837"
1837
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: "C. P. L. agst. H. S. L. April 1837 to July 1837"
1837
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: "C. P. L. against H. S. L. July 1837 to 14 Nov. 1837"
1837
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: "H. S. L. to C. P. L. Nov. to Jany. 1838"
1837-1838
Box: 54 [Henry S. Leverich]: [Receipt Book]
1851-1852
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: Household Account Book
1872-1876
Box: 55 [Henry S. Leverich]: Purchases and Sales
1877-1878
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: Mr. [Henry S.] Leverich in Account with John A. Prigge... (Household)
1879-1880
Box: 56 [Henry S. Leverich]: Mr. H. Leverich in Account with William Riesz... (Household)
1882-1883
Box: 55 [Henry S. Leverich]: Machinery Shipped for Mrs. Porter on Schooner 'Decatur Oakes'
undated
Box: 55 [Henry S. Leverich]: Inventory Mrs. M. A. Gustine
undated
Box: 55 [Leverich & Co.]: "A. Baker's Cartage Book -- 1830"
1830
Box: 55 Leverich & Co.: "Abrm. Baker's Cartage Book agst. Henry S. Leverich New York 1. May 1835"
1835-1838
Volume: 36 [Leverich & Co.]: "Book of Charges"
1837-1854
Volume: 40 Leverich & Co.: "Payable", "Receivable"
1839-1848
Box: 55 Leverich & Co.: [Account Book]
1842, 1846-1868
Box: 55 Leverich & Co.: "Cartage Book. Leverich & Co. with T. L. Asten."
1860-1869
Box: 54 Leverich & Co.: "Adams Express Company Money Receipts"
1863-1870
Volume: 38 Leverich & Co.: "Storage Book No. 1"
1865-1869
Volume: 39 Leverich & Co.: "Waste Book"
1865-1869
Volume: 41 Leverich & Co.: "Sales Book"
1865-1869
Volume: 42 Leverich & Co.: "Payable", "Receivable"
1865-1872
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: Gold Checks
1867-1874
Volume: 43 Leverich & Co.: "Cartage Memo Book"
1868
Box: 55 Leverich & Co.: "Leverich & Co. Cooperage Book"
1868-1870
Box: 54 Leverich & Co.: "Money Receipts A. Ex. Co."
1868-1870
Volume: 44 Leverich & Co.: "Check Book Bank of New-York No. 2"
1868-1871
Box: 56 Leverich & Co.: "Leverich & Co. Receipts"
1868-1872
Volume: 45 Leverich & Co.: Ledger
1868-1872
Volume: 50 Leverich & Co.: "Cotton"
1868-1873
Volume: 46 Leverich & Co.: "Cash No. 1"
1868-1874
Volume: 47 Leverich & Co.: "Rice Book No. 1"
1868-1876
Box: 56 Leverich & Co.: Ledger
1870-1874
Box: 55 Leverich & Co.: "Cartage Book Leverich & Co. with T. L. Asten."
1870-1876
Box: 54 Leverich & Co.: "Money Receipts A. Ex. Co."
1870-1876
Volume: 49 Leverich & Co.: Cash book "Top"
1871-1873
Volume: 53 Leverich & Co.: Cotton Brokering Book
1873-1876
Volume: 54 Leverich & Co.: Cotton Brokering Book
1874
Volume: 55 Leverich & Co.: Cotton Brokering Book
1874
Box: 55 Leverich & Co.: "Bill Collections Leverich & Co."
1874-1875
Volume: 59 Leverich & Co.: "January--February--March."
1875-1877
Volume: 56 Leverich & Co.: "April--May--June."
1875-1877
Volume: 58 Leverich & Co.: "July--August--September."
1875-1877
Volume: 57 Leverich & Co.: "October--November--December."
1875-1877
Volume: 51 Leverich & Co.: ["Spots"]
1876-1877
Volume: 52 Leverich & Co.: "Spots"
1876-1878
Volume: 60 Leverich & Co.: Cotton Brokering Book
1876-1878
Box: 55 Leverich & Co.: "Peck & Walsh Mending a/c with Leverich & Co."
undated
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: [Cotton Shipments]
undated
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: [Cotton Shipments]
undated
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: [Cotton Shipments]
undated
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: [Cotton Shipments]
undated
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: [Cotton Shipments]
undated
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: [Cotton Shipments]
undated
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: [Cotton Shipments]
undated
Box: 56 [Leverich & Co.]: [Shipment Book]
undated
Box: 56 [Margaret Leverich]: "Mrs. Leverich in Account with William Riesz..." (Household)
1879-1880
Box: 56 Wm. H. Leverich: Memorandum Book, Consignments
1818, 1846
Box: 56 Wm. H. Leverich: Consignments, Memorandum Book
1840, 1847
Box: 56 Wm. H. Leverich: Memorandum Book, Consignments
1847-1848
Box: 55 [George Payne]: [Record of Weather]
1885-1887
Box: 55 [George Payne]: "1887 Tests of Juice"; "Tests of Syrup"
1887
Box: 56 Wm. U. Persiani: Consignments
1850-1853
Box: 56 Wm. U. Persiani: Day Book Memorandums
1852-1853
Box: 55 [Index to Unidentified Volumes]
undated
Subseries 2: Bills, Receipts, Invoices, Transferable Orders for Cotton, Payrolls, Charges, 1825-1890

Scope and Contents note

Contains material that concerns the exchange of goods and services for cash or, more simply put, those transactions of more of a singular nature. The utility of integrating these forms in a single series is that the same document may at different times have served more than one function: an itemized list of goods may have, at the bottom of the sheet, a request for remittance, and below the request, written at a later date, the notation "Recd. Payment". Such an item would have been created as an invoice, submitted as a bill, and been returned to the debtor as a receipt after the creditor had received payment. This section includes bills, receipts (acknowledgments of payment), and invoices paid by Leverich & Co. in its own right as well as bills paid by the firm on behalf of its clients. It also includes household bills of the various Leverich households. Transferable Orders for Cotton are orders to one firm to deliver cotton at a given date at a given price. Charges are costs associated with specific shipments of goods.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 19 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Bills Settled to 1st Sept. 1828 -- Merchandize"
1827 Aug. - 1828 Aug.
Box: 19 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Bills Settled from 1st Setp. 1828 to 1st Sept. 1830 -- Merchandize"
1828 Sept. - 1828 Dec.
Box: 19 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Bills Settled from 1st Sept. 1828 to 1st Sept. 1830 -- Merchandize"
1829 Jan. - 1829 Sept.
Box: 19 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Bills Settled from Sept. 1, 1828 to Sept. 1, 1830 -- Merchandize"
1829 Oct. - 1829 Dec.
Box: 19 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Bills Settled from Sept. 1, 1828 to Sept. 1, 1830 -- Merchandize"
1830 Jan. - 1830 Nov.
Box: 19 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Invoices Inward to 1st January 1832"
1827 Oct. - 1831 Aug.
Box: 19 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Weigher's Returns. to 1st January 1832"
1827 Dec. - 1829 Dec. 1830 Apr. - 1832 Feb.
Box: 19 Folder : 8 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Petty Bills Paid to January 1835"
1825 Oct. - 1829 Dec.
Box: 20 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Petty Bills -- Paid to January 1835"
1830 Jan. - 1831 Dec.
Box: 20 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Petty Bills Paid to January 1835"
1832 Jan. - 1834 Dec.
Box: 20 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Returns 1835 to 1839"
1835 Jan. - 1839 Jan.
Box: 20 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Private Bills Paid to 1st Jan. 1836"
1826 Feb. - 1832 Dec.
Box: 20 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Private Bills Paid to 1st Jan. 1836"
1835 Jan. - 1837 Jan.
Box: 20 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Petty Bills 1837 & 1838"
1837 Jan. - 1837 Dec.
Box: 21 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Petty Bills 1837 & 1838"
1838 Jan. - 1839 Jan.
Box: 21 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Bills Paid -- June 1837 to July 1838 -- Merchandize"
1838 Mar. - 1838 Sept.
Box: 21 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Private Bills Paid 1837 to 1838"
1837 Dec. - 1838 Dec.
Box: 21 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Orders. 1838"
1838
Box: 21 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Bills Paid -- July to January 1838 - 1839"
1838 Jun. - 1838 Sept.
Box: 21 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices: "Bills Paid -- July to January 1838 - 1839"
1838 Oct. - 1839 Jan.
Box: 22 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1826-1829
Box: 22 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1830
Box: 22 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1831 Jan. - 1831 May
Box: 22 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1831 Jun. - 1831 Dec.
Box: 22 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1832, 1835
Box: 22 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1836
Box: 22 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1837 Jan. - 1837 Sept.
Box: 23 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1837 Oct. - 1837 Dec.
Box: 23 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1838
Box: 23 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1840-1846
Box: 23 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1847-1848
Box: 23 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1849
Box: 23 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
[1840-1850]
Box: 23 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1850-1851
Box: 23 Folder : 8 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1852
Box: 24 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1853-1854
Box: 24 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1855
Box: 24 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1856
Box: 24 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1857
Box: 24 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1858 Jan. - 1858 Sept.
Box: 24 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1858 Oct. - 1858 Dec.
Box: 25 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1859 Jan. - 1859 Mar.
Box: 25 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1859 Apr. - 1859 Sept.
Box: 25 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1859 Oct. - 1859 Dec.
Box: 25 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
[1850-1860]
Box: 25 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1860 Jan. - 1860 Mar.
Box: 25 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1860 Apr. - 1860 Sept.
Box: 25 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1860 Oct. - 1860 Dec.
Box: 26 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1861
Box: 26 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1862
Box: 26 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1863 Jan. - 1863 May
Box: 26 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1863 Jun. - 1863 Dec.
Box: 26 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1864
Box: 26 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1865
Box: 26 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1866 Jan. - 1866 Mar.
Box: 26 Folder : 8 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1866 Apr. - 1866 Jun.
Box: 27 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1866 Jul.- 1866 Sept.
Box: 27 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1866 Oct. - 1866 Dec.
Box: 27 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1867 Jan. - 1867 Mar.
Box: 27 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1867 Apr. - 1867 Aug.
Box: 27 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1867 Sept. - 1867 Dec.
Box: 27 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1868 Jan. - 1868 Mar.
Box: 28 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1868 Apr. - 1868 Sept.
Box: 28 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1868 Oct. - 1868 Dec.
Box: 28 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1869
Box: 28 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
[1860-1870]
Box: 28 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1870 Jan. - 1870 Apr.
Box: 28 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1870 May - 1870 Aug.
Box: 29 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1870 Sept.
Box: 29 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1870 Oct.
Box: 29 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1870 Nov.
Box: 29 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1870 Nov.
Box: 29 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1870 Dec.
Box: 29 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1871 Jan. - 1871 Mar.
Box: 30 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1871 Apr. - 1871 Jun.
Box: 30 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1871 Jul.
Box: 30 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1871 Aug.
Box: 30 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1871 Sept. - 1871 Oct.
Box: 30 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1871 Nov. - 1871 Dec.
Box: 30 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1872 Jan. - 1872 Mar.
Box: 31 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1872 Apr. - 1872 Jun.
Box: 31 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1872 Jul. - 1872 Sept.
Box: 31 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1872 Oct. - 1872 Dec.
Box: 31 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Jan. - 1873 Feb.
Box: 31 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Mar.
Box: 32 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Mar.
Box: 32 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Apr.
Box: 32 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 May
Box: 32 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Jun.
Box: 32 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Jul.
Box: 32 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Jul.
Box: 32 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Jul.
Box: 33 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Aug.
Box: 33 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Aug.
Box: 33 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Aug.
Box: 33 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Aug.
Box: 33 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Sept.
Box: 33 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Oct.
Box: 33 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1873 Nov. - 1873 Dec.
Box: 34 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1874 Jan. - 1874 Apr.
Box: 34 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1874 May - 1874 Jun.
Box: 34 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1874 Jul. - 1874 Oct.
Box: 34 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1874 Nov. - 1874 Dec.
Box: 34 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1875 Jan. - 1875 Jun.
Box: 34 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1875 Jul. - 1875 Oct.
Box: 34 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1875 Nov. - 1875 Dec.
Box: 35 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1876 Jan.
Box: 35 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1876 Feb. - 1876 Mar.
Box: 35 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1876 Apr. - 1876 Jun.
Box: 35 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1876 Jul. - 1876 Sept.
Box: 35 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1876 Oct.
Box: 35 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1876 Nov.
Box: 35 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1876 Dec.
Box: 36 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1877 Jan.
Box: 36 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1877 Feb.
Box: 36 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1877 Mar. - 1877 Apr.
Box: 36 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1877 May
Box: 36 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1877 Jun. - 1877 Sept.
Box: 36 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1877 Oct. - 1877 Dec.
Box: 37 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1878-1879
Box: 37 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
[1870-1880]
Box: 37 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1880-1884
Box: 37 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1886
Box: 37 Folder : 5 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1887 Jan. - 1887 Jun.
Box: 37 Folder : 6 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1887 Jul. - 1887 Dec.
Box: 37 Folder : 7 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1888
Box: 37 Folder : 8 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1889 Jan. - 1889 Jul.
Box: 38 Folder : 1 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1889 Aug. - 1889 Dec.
Box: 38 Folder : 2 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
[1880-1890]
Box: 38 Folder : 3 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
1890
Box: 38 Folder : 4 Bills, Receipts, Invoices
undated
Subseries 3: Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances, 1826-1890

Scope and Contents note

Contains material that concerns the profit and loss from completed transactions, as would be entered into an account book, and usually concern the recording of transactions over an extended period of time. Accounts refer to Account Sales and Sales. Account Sales records the overall, unitemized credits and debits of perhaps hundreds of transactions. Sales record a series of transactions regarding a single shipment of goods. Statements are similar to account sales but may record transactions with multiple firms, or may record only specific types of transactions with the same firm. Trial balances are a preliminary balancing of accounts created prior to final entry in the ledger.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 38 Folder : 5 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances: "Account Sales to January 1832"
1828-1832
Box: 38 Folder : 6 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances: "Acc. Sales 1838"
1838 Mar. - 1838 Dec.
Box: 38 Folder : 7 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1826-1839
Box: 38 Folder : 8 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1840-1846
Box: 38 Folder : 9 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1847-1849
Box: 38 Folder : 10 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1850-1855
Box: 39 Folder : 1 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1856-1857
Box: 39 Folder : 2 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1858-1859
Box: 39 Folder : 3 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1860-1865
Box: 39 Folder : 4 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1866-1868
Box: 39 Folder : 5 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1869-1871
Box: 39 Folder : 6 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1872-1874
Box: 40 Folder : 1 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1875-1876
Box: 40 Folder : 2 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1877-1879
Box: 40 Folder : 3 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
[1870-1880]
Box: 40 Folder : 4 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1880-1882
Box: 40 Folder : 5 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1884-1889
Box: 40 Folder : 6 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
[1880-1890]
Box: 40 Folder : 7 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
1890
Box: 40 Folder : 8 Accounts, Statements, Tabulations, Trial Balances
undated
Subseries 4: Bills of Lading/Freight Receipts, 1827-1889

Scope and Contents note

Contains material having to do with the shipment or receipt of goods. Bills of lading are itemized lists of goods shipped by a given firm via a given carrier. Freight receipts are itemized lists of goods received from a given firm via a given carrier. Some of the carriers with whom the Leveriches dealt and who are present in the collection are: Cromwell's New York and New Orleans Steamship Line; New York Mail Steamship Company; The Union R.R. and Transportation Company; Old Dominion Steamship Co.; and the Seaboard Inland Air-line; among many others. Also included with this material is a folder containing ship charters (1839, 1858-1861).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 40 Folder : 9 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts: "Bills of Lading Outward to 1833"
1827 Jul. - 1829 Mar.
Box: 40 Folder : 10 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts: "Bills of Lading Inward 1827 to 1833"
1828 Nov. - 1829 Jul.
Box: 40 Folder : 11 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts: "Bills of Lading Outward to 1833"
1829 Nov. - 1830 Oct.
Box: 41 Folder : 1 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts: "Bills of Lading. Inward 1827 to 1833"
1830 Jan. - 1831 Sept.
Box: 41 Folder : 2 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts: "Bills of Lading Outward to 1833"
1831 Jan. - 1832 Apr.
Box: 41 Folder : 3 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts: "Bills Lading 1835 to 1836"
1835 Feb. - 1836 Jan.
Box: 41 Folder : 4 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts: "Bills Lading 1837-1838"
1837 Jan. - 1838 Nov.
Box: 41 Folder : 5 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1830-1838
Box: 41 Folder : 6 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1849 Aug. - 1851 Jan.
Box: 41 Folder : 7 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1857 Nov. - 1859 Dec.
Box: 42 Folder : 1 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1860-1864
Box: 42 Folder : 2 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1865
Box: 42 Folder : 3 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1866
Box: 42 Folder : 4 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1867 Jan. - 1867 Jun.
Box: 42 Folder : 5 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1867 Jul. - 1867 Dec.
Box: 42 Folder : 6 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1868 Jan. - 1868 Sept.
Box: 43 Folder : 1 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1868 Oct. - 1868 Dec.
Box: 43 Folder : 2 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1869
Box: 43 Folder : 3 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1870 Jan. - 1870 Aug.
Box: 43 Folder : 4 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1870 Sept. - 1870 Dec.
Box: 43 Folder : 5 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1871 Jan. - 1871 Oct.
Box: 43 Folder : 6 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1871 Nov. - 1871 Dec.
Box: 44 Folder : 1 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1872 Jan. - 1872 Sept.
Box: 44 Folder : 2 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1872 Oct. - 1872 Dec.
Box: 44 Folder : 3 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1873
Box: 44 Folder : 4 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1874
Box: 44 Folder : 5 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1875
Box: 44 Folder : 6 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1876 1878
Box: 44 Folder : 7 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
1885-1889
Box: 44 Folder : 8 Bills of Lading/ Freight Receipts
undated
Box: 44 Folder : 9 Ship Charters
1837 1858-1861
Subseries 5: Checks, Notes, Exchanges, 1827-1888

Scope and Contents note

Contains commercial paper; that is, everything from personal checks to negotiable financial instruments. Checks are simple bank checks. Notes are promises by one party to pay a given sum of money to another. Exchanges are re-negotiable instruments that can be traded in their own right. The loose checks, notes, and exchanges are arranged semi-chronologically, roughly grouped by banking entity. This section also includes one box of 32 bankbooks spanning 1827-1885, and 1 box of 7 checkbooks spanning 1827-1887. Much of the material relates to the Bank of New York.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 45 Folder : Checks, Notes, Exchanges
1827-1888
Box: 46 Folder : Checks, Notes, Exchanges
1827-1863
Box: 47 Folder : Checks, Notes, Exchanges
1859-1873
Box: 48 Folder : 1 Checks, Notes, Exchanges
1829-1835, 1847-1849, 1867-1881
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Henry S. Leverich with Merchants Bank"
1827-1830
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Henry S. Leverich with New York Bank"
1828-1831
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Note Book Henry S. Leverich with New York Bank"
1828-1840
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Henry S. Leverich with Bank of New York"
1831-1837
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Henry S. Leverich with Bank of New York"
1837-1839
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Notes. Henry S. Leverich in Account with the Bank of the State of New York"
1838
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Henry S. Leverich. Bank of New York"
1840-1844
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Bank of New York in a/c with Henry S. Leverich"
1844-1846
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Bank of New York with Henry S. Leverich"
1846-1847
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Bank of New-York in a/c with H. S. Leverich"
1847-1851
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Bank of New-York with H. S. Leverich"
1851-1852
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Bank of New-York in Account with H. S. Leverich"
1853-1856
Box: 51 Henry S. Leverich: "Bank of New-York in Account with Henry S. Leverich"
1859-1862
Box: 51 Charles P. Leverich: "Bank of New-York in Account with C. P. Leverich"
1861-1862
Box: 51 Charles P. Leverich: "Bank of New-York in Account with C. P. Leverich"
1863
Box: 51 Charles P. Leverich: "Bank of New-York in Account with C. P. Leverich"
1863-1864
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of New-York in Account with Leverich & Co."
1865-1867
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of New-York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co."
1867-1868
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of New-York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Compy. 171 Water St."
1868-1869
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of New-York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Compy."
1869-1870
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of New-York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co."
1870-1871
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of New York National Banking Association in Gold Account with Leverich & Co."
1870-1877
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of New York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co."
1871-1873
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Collections in Bank of New York for Leverich & Co. 1872"
1872-1877
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: " Bank of New York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co."
1875-1877
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of New York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co. 111 Pearl St."
1877-1878
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "N. O. Canal & Banking Co. in Account with Edward Leverich"
1881-1884
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Bank of America in Account with Mrs. Annie F. Leverich 3 Dec. 1883 to"
1883-1885
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Checks. Bank of New York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co."
undated
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Checks. Bank of New York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co."
undated
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Checks. Bank of New-York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co."
undated
Box: 51 Leverich & Co.: "Checks. Bank of New York National Banking Association in Account with Leverich & Co."
undated
Box: 52 Henry S. Leverich: "Merchants Bank Checks, H.S.L." (Check Book)
1827-1830
Box: 52 Henry S. Leverich: "New York Bank Checks" (Check Book)
1828-1831
Box: 52 [Charles P. Leverich]: "New York Checks" (Check Book)
1838-1847
Box: 52 Charles P. Leverich: "Bank of New York Checks, C.P.L." (Check Book)
1854-1858
Box: 52 Charles P. Leverich: "B'K. N.Y. Checks, C.P.L." (Check Book)
1858-1861
Box: 52 [Leverich & Co.]: "[Marine National Bank]" (Check Book)
1875
Box: 52 Annie Leverich: "[The Farmer's Loan and Trust Company]" (Check book)
1887
Subseries 6: Prices Current, Circulars, Catalogues & Notices, 1831-1890

Scope and Contents note

Contains a few folders of the aforementioned. The prices current relate to cotton, commodities, and stock prices in New Orleans and New York as well as overseas markets in Liverpool, Bremen, Antwerp, and Canton. Circulars, catalogues and notices relate to sugar and molasses, livestock, and sundry items.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 48 Folder : 2 Circulars & Price Currents
1831-1890
Box: 48 Folder : 3 Catalogues & Notices
undated
Subseries 7: Scrap & Fragments, undated

Scope and Contents note

Refer to notations, computations, drafts of trial balances, pieces of documents, and other such items.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 48 Folder : 4 Business Scrap
[1870-1880]
Box: 48 Folder : 5 Business Scrap
undated

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Series III. Legal, Taxes, Insurance, 1817, 1824-1889

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a variety of legal documents, forms and maps including: contracts, wills, titles, indentures, deeds, trial transcripts, depositions, powers of attorney, tax and insurance forms, maps and surveys. The material is arranged by subject and then chronologically within folders. Some of the earliest material in this series relates to the Estate of Jesse Leverich (probably Col. Edward Leverich's brother), Newtown, New York and dates from the 1820's to the 1840's. These documents detail the estate's finances and land holdings. There is also some genealogical information contained in this material.

The "General" folder includes legal documents from Leverich and non-Leverich Family members. Notable non-Leverich Family members include the Porter, Gustine, and Schuchardt families. The materials in the "General" folder span the years 1830-1889, with a single item dating from 1817. These documents consist of power of attorney forms, contracts, wills, articles of association, articles of incorporation, and other legal materials. Of special interest is the last will and testament of James Porter, 1848, owner of the Oak Lawn Plantation. Included in this folder is an "Abstract of Title to the Homestead of Late Henry S. Leverich at Newtown, Queens County, Long Island," ca. 1885. There are also arbitration documents from the 1860's and 1870's for the New York Cotton Exchange.

Much of the legal material relating to the Oak Lawn Plantation dates from the 1870's and 1880's and deals with two lawsuits involving Annie F. Leverich. Following the death of her husband Edward Leverich in 1886, Annie Leverich became involved in legal suits with the Burdon Central Sugar Refinery. At issue was Annie Leverich's contractual obligation to provide the refinery with Oak Lawn's crops from the years 1886 to 1889. The first case, Henry J. Davison v. Mrs. Annie F. Leverich, 1887, alleges Annie's failure to meet the requirements of the contract. In 1888, Annie Leverich countersues Mr. Davison's company, The Burdon Central Sugar Refinery, for negligence in the handling of the sugar cane that she had supplied to them in 1886. The trial transcripts, depositions, and notes of Annie Leverich and her confidante George Payne, provide insight into the management of the plantation in the years following the Civil War and the legal status of women as property owners at that time.

Other items of note relating to Oak Lawn include announcements advertising the sale of the plantation in 1888; inventories of the contents of the house; and promissory notes related to tenants and the hiring of workers. Among the Oak Lawn material can be found maps and drawings of the Oak Lawn and Dogberry plantations and their surrounding areas. The drawings include layout of crops.

Taxation materials also make up a part of this series, these include property and utility tax documents, 1838-1886 non-inclusive, the bulk of which are for properties in New York; business permits from the U.S. Internal Revenue Collectors Office, 1863-1868; and customs forms, 1835-1838.

Materials relating to insurance and insurance policies, 1854-1875, can also be found in this series. Insurance materials include a register, 1866-1875, and record books for the Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company, 1854-1876; Long Island Insurance Co., 1865-1874; Niagara Fire Insurance Company; United States Fire Insurance Company, 1866; and the American Fire Insurance Co., 1865-1866.

Maps and surveys of the Newtown, New York area can be found in a separate folder in the series.

[unittitle added: see error report]
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 48 Folder : 6 Legal: General
1817, 1830-1889, undated
Box: 48 Folder : 7 Legal: Estate of Jesse Leverich
1824-1835, 1839-1842
Box: 49 Folder : 1 Legal: Oak Lawn
1848, 1873, 1886-1888
Box: 49 Folder : 2 Legal: Henry J. Davison v. Annie F. Leverich
1886-1889
Box: 49 Folder : 3 Legal: Henry J. Davison v. Annie F. Leverich
1886-1889
Box: 49 Folder : 4 Legal: Henry J. Davison v. Annie F. Leverich
1886-1889
Box: 49 Folder : 5 Legal: Annie F. Leverich v. Burdon Central Sugar Refinery
1888
Box: 49 Folder : 6 Legal: Annie F. Leverich v. Burdon Central Sugar Refinery
1888
Box: 49 Folder : 7 Taxes: Property & Utility
1838, 1848-1874, 1878, 1886
Box: 50 Folder : 1 Taxes: Business Permits
1863-1868
Box: 50 Folder : 2 Taxes: Customs
1835-1838
Box: 50 Folder : 3 Insurance
1861-1875
Box: 50 Folder : 4 Maps & Surveys: New York
Box: 53 "American Fire Insurance Co. 48 Wall st. with Leverich & Co. 35,616"
1865-1866
Box: 53 "United States Fire Insurance Co. No. 69 Wall Street. In Account with Leverich & Co."
1866
Box: 53 "Open Policy Niagara Fire Ins. Co. with Leverich & Co."
1867
Box: 53 "American Fire Insurance Co. 48 Wall Street with Leverich & Co."
undated
Box: 53 "Open Policy Long Island Ins. Co. No. 48 Wall st. with Leverich & Co."
1871-1874
Box: 53 "Long Island Insurance Co. with Leverich & Co."
1865-1867
Box: 53 "Open Policy Long Island Ins. Co. No. 48 Wall st. with Leverich & Co."
1867
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company"
undated
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company"
1872-1874
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company"
1871-1872
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company Outward"
1870-1876
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company. Leverich & Co. Homeward"
1870-1871
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company [Inward]"
1869-1870
Box: 53 "Attacapas Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company"
1854-1855
Box: 53 "Outward Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company"
1854-1860
Box: 53 "Inward Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company"
1854-1864
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company Outward"
1860-1864
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company"
1865-1866
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company Inward"
1866-1868
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company Outward"
1866-1870
Box: 53 "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company. Leverich & Co. Homeward--Inward"
1868-1869

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Series IV. Family Memorabilia, 1850s-1903, undated

Scope and Contents note

The Family Memorabilia series consists of family-related and miscellaneous material. The series includes children's writings including Edward Leverich's essays from when he was in military school in Sing Sing, New York in the 1850's; and a "newspaper" and a poetry booklet composed by M.D.L. [Margaret Duncan Leverich] circa 1888. The series also contains an engagement book (1899-1903) also belonging to "MDL". The series also contains newspaper clipped and handwritten recipes for food and medicines, as well as miscellaneous newspaper clippings and writings.

There are two carte-de-visite photographs. The photographs may be those of Henry S. Leverich and Margaret Leverich or Mary Leverich.

[unittitle added: see error report]
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 50 Folder : 5 Children's Writings
1853-1855, 1888, undated
Box: 50 Folder : 6 Engagement Book (Party Planner) of M[argaret] D[uncan] L[everich]
1899-1903
Box: 50 Folder : 7 Memorial: Edward Leverich
1886
Box: 50 Folder : 8 Miscellaneous Clippings & Notes
undated
Box: 50 Folder : 9 Recipes
undated
Box: 50 Folder : 10 Photographs
undated
Box: 50 Folder : 11 Personal Writings
undated
Box: 50 Folder : 12 Placards
undated
Box: 50 Folder : 13 Placards, Filing Labels
undated
Box: 56 Rice (in envelope)
Box: 56 Stamps (in envelope)
Box: 56 String (in envelope)
Box: 56 String from checks, notes, exchanges (in envelope)
Folder: Oversize Oversized material
Box: 57 Fragile documents [restricted]
Box: 58 Fragile documents [restricted]

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