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Guide to the Lighthouse Photograph and Print Collection
[1860]-1938
 PR 38

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Holly Hinman and Jennifer Lewis

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on December 13, 2011
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: Lighthouse Photograph and Print Collection
Dates [inclusive]: [1860]-1938
Abstract: Collection of photographs and prints depicting lighthouses, light vessels, and related equipment, primarily in the United States, from about 1860 through 1938. A few views of foreign lighthouses and equipment are included, as is an album of lithographs of architectural plans, sections, and elevations for lighthouses, light vessels, lenses, and other equipment.
Quantity: 7.84 Linear feet (7 boxes and 1 oversize volume)
Location note: Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections
Call Phrase: PR 38

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Historical Note

During the colonial period, American colonies each had individual financial and administrative control over their own lighthouses and other navigational aids. In 1716 the first American lighthouse began to guide sailors into Boston Harbor from its home on Little Brewster Island. By the time the colonies moved for independence from England in 1776, there were ten lighthouses in operation along the coastline. The newly-created Congress of the United States, meeting for its first session, recognized the important role maritime commerce played in the young nation's economy. In 1789, as its Ninth Act, the Congress provided for the federal takeover of all lighthouses and minor aids to navigation in its constituent states. This act also created the U.S. Light House Establishment and placed it under the administration of the Treasury Department. For the first few years many minor matters required review by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton and signature by President George Washington. To simplify these processes, in 1792 the position of the Commissioner of Revenue was established to take over the leadership of the Light House Establishment. In the following years control would revert back and forth between these two administrators. Finally in 1820 superintendence was assumed by the Fifth Auditor of the Treasury Department, Stephen Pleasonton, who would hold the command for the following thirty years.

Pleasonton's administration was notoriously resistant to change, and visitors from Europe commented on the poor state of the navigational aids of the United States. Although the number of lighthouses and lightships grew to 325 by 1852, many were not considered reliable. Although French inventor Augustin Fresnel developed lenses capable of gathering and focusing a central light into a beam visible from far greater distances than traditional lights in 1823, the lenses were not used in the United States until 1841 when an imported Fresnel lens was installed in the Highlands of Navesink Light (New Jersey) marking the approach to New York Harbor.

Until technological advancement made the construction of offshore towers feasible, light vessels were strategically placed in waters considered inhospitable for lighthouses. The first lightship off the coast of the United States was installed near Sandy Hook in 1823.

In 1852, Congress dissolved the Light House Establishment and organized the new U.S. Light House Board. The Board organized the country into twelve districts, each administered by an inspector appointed by the President. The Light House Board oversaw great changes in navigational aids. It immediately began installing Fresnel lenses in its lighthouses and oversaw the building of new screwpile lighthouses, as well as new types of fog signals and buoys. Under its direction, the first lighthouses and fog signals went up on the Pacific Coast. In 1886 the Light House Board tested a new light source, electricity, to illuminate the torch of the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor (which was then considered a key aid to navigation).

In 1910, the U.S. Light House Board was dissolved, and Congress established the Bureau of Lighthouses (better known as the Lighthouse Service). Finally in 1939, in the interest of efficiency, the Bureau of Lighthouses was integrated into the United States Coast Guard. The Coast Guard became responsible for the control and administration of approximately 30,000 navigational aids.

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Scope and Content Note

The Lighthouse Photograph and Print Collection spans the period from about 1860 through 1938 and consists predominantly of photographs depicting American lighthouses, beacons, keepers' dwellings, lighthouse equipment, light vessels, and related subjects. The collection is arranged in five series: Cyanotype Album, Lighthouses, Floating Aids to Navigation, Light Station Equipment, and Lithograph Album by Julius Bien. Throughout this finding aid, names of lights have been standardized to those currently used by the U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. National Park Service. Alternate or former names which are in popular usage are in parentheses after official names; names which could not be confirmed have been written in brackets.

The collection consists primarily of photographs of lighthouses and stations along the eastern coast of the United States, but lighthouses in California, Puerto Rico and England are also included. Light vessels, tenders (ships responsible for tending to buoys), and lighthouse equipment, including lights, lenses, audible signals, and engines are also included. Miscellaneous materials include views of exhibition displays, two pamphlets, a letter, and a few mounted clippings. The collection includes an album of cyanotype views of lighthouses and associated structures (ca. 1884-1900) and an album of lithographs by Julius Bien (ca. 1860).

Materials in this collection originate from a variety of photographers and publishers, and as a result, photographic styles vary. The collection includes both detailed technical work and commercially-produced scenic views. For the majority of materials in this collection, the photographer is unknown. Professional commissions include photography by Underhill, Alexander & Tolman, and the Fairchild Airviews Company, all of New York. Other large-scale surveys may have commissioned lesser known professional photographers or assigned staff photographers to systematically document U.S. Lighthouses. Photographer's names occasionally appear hand-written on the verso; names have been given in parentheses in the folder listing when available. There are a few survey series, including those of West Quoddy Head Light Station in Maine and Devil's Light Station in Wisconsin, which show stylistic consistency; they are all 8 x 10 inch contact prints with similar numeration and descriptive information set on the negatives and printed directly into the photographs. These may have been done by the same person, but it is more likely that they reflect Lighthouse Service standards for photographic documentation.

Arrangement

  1. Series I: Cyanotype Album
  2. Series II: Lighthouses
  3. Series III: Floating Aids to Navigation
  4. Series IV: Light Station Equipment
  5. Series V: Lithograph Album by Julius Bien

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Bien, Julius, 1826-1909

Document Type

  • Albumen prints
  • Cyanotypes
  • Elevations
  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Lithographs
  • Photographic prints
  • Plans (drawings)
  • Sections

Subject Organizations

  • United States. Lighthouse Service.

Subject Topics

  • Beach erosion -- United States
  • Lighthouse tenders -- United States
  • Lighthouses -- Lighting
  • Lighthouses -- United States
  • Lightships -- United States

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Administrative Information

Provenance

The bulk of the Lighthouse Photograph and Print Collection was acquired through two gifts. Admiral Edward H. Smith donated 335 photographs on July 19, 1946, on behalf of the Third Division of the U.S. Coast Guard, New York City. On February 10, 1953, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Library donated a series of 35 albumen photographs taken by the Halliday Historic Photograph Co. of Boston documenting lighthouses located in Maine and Massachusetts. A third component of this collection is a bound volume containing 150 lithographs by Julius Bien produced for the U.S. Lighthouse Service; the provenance of this album is unknown, but it may at one time have belonged to Brigadier General Richard Delafield, Chief Engineer of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers from 1864-1866.

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to 30 photocopies per day per person. Suitability of the original for photocopying is at the discretion of the staff. Neither blueprints nor tracings can be copied under any circumstances. Duplication of large-format items will be done by the house photographer. See Print Room guidelines for details.

Use Restrictions

Permission to reproduce any Print Room holdings through publication must be obtained from

Rights and Reproductions
The New-York Historical Society
Two West 77th Street
New York, NY 10024

Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 282
Fax: (212) 579-8794

The copyright law of the United States governs the making of photocopies and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials. Unpublished materials created before January 1, 1978 cannot be quoted in publication without permission of the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as The Lighthouse Photograph and Print Collection, PR 038, Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Collections, The New-York Historical Society.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

The John McComb Architectural Drawing Collection (PR 040) includes architectural drawings of Eaton's Neck Lighthouse (New York), Montauk Point Lighthouse (New York), and Cape Henry Lighthouse (Virginia).

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Container List

Series I: Cyanotype Album

Scope and Contents note

Series I dates from about 1884 to 1900 and includes undated cyanotypes from a disbound album compiled for the United States Light House Board. The photographs have been arranged alphabetically by state and thereunder by name. Most titles refer to lighthouses or stations, but a few photographs from the album depict fog bells, stake lights, or range lights; these exceptions are noted. An original album inventory is available in folder one, and corresponding index numbers have been noted in parentheses after each item. The album documents lighthouses throughout New England, New Jersey and New York, and includes images ranging in size from 5 x 7 inches to 13 ½ x 10 ½ inches. Folder 5 contains a comprehensive series of photographs documenting the Sandy Hook Light station, powerhouse, and bouy installation. Sixteen of the images printed as cyanotypes for this album are duplicated in Series II.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Original index to cyanotype album
[1900]

Connecticut

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Bridgeport Breakwater (Tongue Point) (11a)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Faulkner's Island (40) (2 items)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Housatonic River (52a)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Latimer Reef (59) (2 items)
1901 Jun. 20, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Morgan Point (66a)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 New Haven Long Wharf (70)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 New London Harbor (71) (3 items)
[1884]
Box: 1 Folder : 2 New London Steamer Putnam (141)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Penfield Reef (82)
1886

Maine

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 3 [Duck Island Breakwater, lost light] (32a)]
1899

New Jersey

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Sandy Hook -- Electric Station Power House (interior) (104)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Sandy Hook -- Electric buoy - head
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Sandy Hook -- Electric buoy - in water
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Sandy Hook -- Electric junction box
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Sandy Hook -- Fog signal house
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Sandy Hook -- General view
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Sandy Hook -- Lower house
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Sandy Hook Light Vessel (16)
undated

New York

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Coney Island (22) (3 items)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Cumberland Head (34)
1900 Oct. 22
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Danskammer Point Fog Bell (32)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Eatons Neck (34)
[1885]
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Elm Tree Range Light (35)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Esopus Island (36)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Execution Rocks (39) (2 items)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Fort Columbus Fog Bell (48)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Fort Lafayette Fog Bell (43)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Fort Tompkins (44)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Hell Gate Electric Light (52) (3 items)
[1884-1886]
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Huntington Harbor (formerly Lloyd Harbor) (64) (2 items)
1885
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Jeffrey's Hook (stake light)(56)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Livingston Creek (beacon) (63)
1886
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Montauk Point (66) (2 items)
1884
Box: 1 Folder : 8 North Dumpling (75)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Orient Point (79a)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Plattsburgh (84)
1886
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Plum Island (85)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Port Jefferson (89a)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Port Jefferson (elevated walk and fog house)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Rockland Lake (96) (3 items)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Rondout (98)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Sands Point (103)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Stony Point (16)
1886

Rhode Island

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Block Island (North) (6)
[1880]
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Brenton's Reef Light Vessel (Map) (10)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Conimicut Shoal (23)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Gould Island (47)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Great Salt Pond Breakwater (50a) (2 items)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Ida Lewis Rock (formerly Lime Rock), Ida Lewis pictured (61)
1884
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Newport Harbor (Goat Island) (72) (2 items)
1884
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Point Judith (87)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Ponham Rocks (cyanotype fragments) (89) (4 items)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Rose Island (99)
[1884]
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Sabin's Point (Sabine Point) (100) (4 items)
1900 Nov. 14

Vermont

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Juniper Island (58)
1886

Unidentified Locations

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Otter Creek (80)
1900 Oct. 15

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Series II: Lighthouses

Scope and Contents note

Series II dates from about 1868 to 1938 and includes primarily undated mounted albumen and silver gelatin photographic prints of lighthouses, towers, and other components of light stations. Photographs are arranged in three subseries: American Lighthouses, Foreign and U.S. Territorial Lighthouses, and Unidentified Lighthouses. Thereunder photographs are arranged alphabetically by state (or country) and official name. Oversize materials have been filed in box 7. Folder 13 contains an alphabetical index (which probably was received with the collection) to fifty-two lighthouse photographs, only some of which are in this collection.

Most American light stations represented are located along the eastern seaboard of the United States, between Maine and South Carolina. Among these are a group of about thirty mounted photographs of lighthouses located in Maine and Massachusetts which were taken by the Halliday Historic Photograph Co.; these photographs were a gift of the library of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Halliday was a Boston firm which produced architectural and scenic views for commercial sale from the 1890s through the 1930s. Most of the Halliday photographs bear captions and plate numbers printed into the photographs; the verso of each has been labeled with "Halliday," the plate number, and a stamp from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Other photographs represent lighthouses in California, Michigan, Minnesota, Florida, New Hampshire, Ohio, South Carolina, Vermont, and Wisconsin.

The majority of the photographs in this series are general views of light stations or towers. Also included is a series of photographs documenting the United States Lighthouse Depot (now the National Lighthouse Museum) on Staten Island, New York. The U.S. Lighthouse Depot served as a national headquarters for the Lighthouse Board and as a center for testing new technologies, and building and repairing lighthouses, lightships and other equipment. Folders 31-32 include a group of beach erosion survey photographs taken in 1919 at Barnegat Light Station in New Jersey. A few photographs feature lighthouse keepers or other unidentified individuals; for example an 1884 photograph of the Ida Lewis Rock Lighthouse (formerly Lime Rock) in Rhode Island features Ida Lewis in front of the structure. (A duplicate cyanotype print of this image is available in Series I). The series also includes a set of identical clippings from a March 27, 1936, edition of the New York Daily News regarding a ship which ran aground near Race Rock Light, New York. Two pamphlets outlining a lighthouse cruise from Portland, Maine to New York are available with other oversize materials in Box 7.

The subseries Foreign and U.S. Territorial Lighthouses consists of one photograph by Alfred Camm of Bishop's Rock Light in England, and a group of eighteen photographs of lighthouses in the U.S. Territory of Puerto Rico. Thirteen photographs of unidentified lighthouses are located in folder 51 at the end of this series.

Box
1
Folder
13
 

American Lighthouses -- Index to Lighthouses, undated

American Lighthouses -- California

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Point Reyes (Punta de Los Reyes)
[1870]

American Lighthouses -- Connecticut

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Black Rock Harbor
1884
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Bridgeport Harbor
1884
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Falkner's Island (Faulkner's Island) -- Building surveys (3 items)
1900
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Falkner's Island (Faulkner's Island) -- General views (2 items)
1884
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Lynde Point (Saybrook)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Morgan Point
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 16 New Haven Outer Breakwall (Sperry Light) -- Foundation cylinder
1899
Box: 1 Folder : 16 New Haven Outer Breakwall (Sperry Light) -- Beacon and survey station
1899
Box: 1 Folder : 16 New London Harbor
1884
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Penfield Reef
1886
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Southwest Ledge
1886
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Stamford Harbor
1886
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Stonington Outer Breakwater
1884
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Stratford Point -- Original wooden tower (2 copies)
[1870-1881]
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Stratford Point -- Cast iron tower (2 copies)
1884

American Lighthouses -- Florida

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Amelia Island
[1880]
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Jupiter Inlet
[1880]
Box: 1 Folder : 18 St. Augustine
[1880]

American Lighthouses -- Maine

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Avery's Rock Machias Bay (2 items)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Bass Harbor Head (2 items)
[1880]
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Brown's Head
[1880]
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Burnt Island
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Cape Elizabeth (east and west towers)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Cape Neddick ("The Nubble") (4 items)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Dice Head (view from Nautilus Island)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Eagle Island
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Franklin Island
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Heron Neck
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Little River -- View from the water
[1892]
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Little River -- General view (2 items)
[1892]
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Little River -- Fog bell
[1892]
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Little River -- Boat house (2 items)
[1892]
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Little River -- Tower and dwelling
[1892]
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Marshall Point
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Moose Peak Lighthouse
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Mount Desert Rock (3 items)
[1890]
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Nash Island (4 items)
[1890]
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Owls Head
[1890]
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Petit Manan -- Boat house
[1892]
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Petit Manan -- Light station (4 items)
[1892]
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Petit Manan -- Tower (2 items)
[1892]
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Portland Head
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Saddleback Ledge
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Seguin Island
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 24 St. Croix River
[1890]
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Tenants Harbor
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 25 West Quoddy Head -- General views (6 items)
1892
Box: 2 Folder : 25 West Quoddy Head -- Powerhouse
1892
Box: 2 Folder : 25 West Quoddy Head --Tower
1892
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Whitehead Island
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Unidentified (4 items)
undated

American Lighthouses -- Massachusetts

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Boston Harbor
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Eastern Point
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Marblehead
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Thatcher's Island (North) and Cape Ann (South)
undated

American Lighthouses -- Michigan

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 28 Fourteen Mile Point, Lake Superior (2 items)
[1890]
Box: 2 Folder : 28 [Hay Lake Channel Station]
[1890]
Box: 2 Folder : 28 Portage River (Jacobsville) (2 items)
[1893]

American Lighthouses -- Minnesota

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Duluth Range (2 items)
[1893]
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Two Harbors (4 items)
[1893]

American Lighthouses -- New Hampshire

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 30 Dover -- submarine blasting
1894
Box: 2 Folder : 30 Whaleback
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 30 Island of Shoals (White Island) (4 items)
undated

American Lighthouses -- New Jersey

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Barnegat -- General views (5 items)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Barnegat -- Beach erosion series (by HBB) -- 4 boards each with 4 mounted photographs
1919 Apr. 23
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Barnegat -- Beach erosion series (by HBB) -- 3 boards each with 3 mounted photographs
1919 May 22
Box: 3 Folder : 32 Barnegat -- Beach erosion series (by HBB) -- 3 boards each with 3 mounted photographs
1919 May 23
Box: 3 Folder : 32 Barnegat -- Beach erosion series (by HBB) -- 2 boards each with 4 mounted photographs
1919 May 25
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Bergen Point (2 items)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Conover Beacon
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Cross Ledge
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Hereford Inlet (2 items)
1913
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Navesink Twin Lights
1885
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Newark Bay (3 items) (by Skinner)
1922 Jan. 20
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Passaic
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Point Comfort Range
1884
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Sandy Hook -- General Views (one by Lamb) (2 items)
1884 1938
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Sandy Hook -- Fog Signals (2 items)
1884-1885
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Sandy Hook East Beacon
1884

American Lighthouses -- New York

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Barber's Point
1884
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Buffalo Breakwater
[1890]
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Coxsackie
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Cumberland Head
1886
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Danskammer Fog Bell
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Eatons Neck
[1885]
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Elm Tree (2 items)
1899
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Esopus Meadows (2 items)
[1884-1886]
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Execution Rocks
undated
Box: Folder : Fire Island

General note

See: Box 7, Folder 66

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 36 Fisher's Island Fog Bell (8 items)
1908
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Fort Columbus Fog Bell
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Fort Lafayette Fog Bell
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Fort Tompkins
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Great Beds (2 items)
1885
Box: Folder : Hallet's Point

General note

See: Box 8, Folder 66

1883
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Hell Gate (2 copies)
[1884-1886]
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Hell Gate
1884
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Hudson-Athens (Hudson City)
1886
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Hudson River signal installation
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Huntington Harbor (formerly Lloyd Harbor) (2 copies)
1885
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Little Gull Island (2 items)
[1884], 1923
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Livingston Creek (2 copies)
1886
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Montauk Point (4 items, 2 copies)
1884
Box: 4 Folder : 39 New Dorp (Swash Channel Range Rear)
[1890]
Box: 4 Folder : 39 North Brother Island
1885
Box: 4 Folder : 39 North Dumpling (2 copies)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Old Field Point
1885
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Plattsburgh (2 items)
1886
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Plum Island (Plum Gut)
1884
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Pointe aux Roches
1886
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Princes Bay
1885
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Race Rock Light Station, New York Daily Newsclippings mounted on board (2 copies)
1936 Mar. 27
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Romer Shoal
1935 Sept. 19
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Rondout
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Sands Point (2 items)
1884
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Shinnecock

General note

See also: Box 7, Folder 66

undated
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Split Rock
1886
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Stepping Stones
1886
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Stony Point
1886
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Stuyvesant
1886
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Tarrytown (Kingsland Point)
1886
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Throg's Neck (2 copies)
1884
Box: 4 Folder : 41 U.S. Lighthouse Depot (now the National Lighthouse Museum) -- Administration Building (by Alexander & Tolman)
1890
Box: 4 Folder : 41 U.S. Lighthouse Depot (now the National Lighthouse Museum) -- Aerial view (by Fairchild)
1931
Box: 4 Folder : 41 U.S. Lighthouse Depot (now the National Lighthouse Museum) -- Engineer's and carpenter's store house
[1890]
Box: 4 Folder : 41 U.S. Lighthouse Depot (now the National Lighthouse Museum) -- Engineer's lamp shop under construction
[1868]
Box: 4 Folder : 41 U.S. Lighthouse Depot (now the National Lighthouse Museum) -- Engineer's lamp shop
1890
Box: 4 Folder : 41 U.S. Lighthouse Depot (now the National Lighthouse Museum) -- Workshop under construction
[1868]
Box: 4 Folder : 41 Valcour Island (Bluff Point)
1886
Box: 4 Folder : 41 West Point
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 41 Unidentified (3 items)
undated

American Lighthouses -- North Carolina

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 42 Bodie Island (2 items)
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 42 Cape Hatteras -- Beacon (2 items)
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 42 Cape Hatteras -- Dwelling no. 1
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 42 Cape Hatteras -- Dwelling no. 2
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 42 Cape Hatteras -- Tower
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 42 Cape Lookout (2 items)
[1893]
Box: 5 Folder : 42 Currituck Beach (2 items)
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 43 Federal Point
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 43 Long Point -- General view
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 43 Long Point -- Boat house
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 43 Long Point -- Dwelling no. 1
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 43 Long Point -- Dwelling no. 2
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 43 Long Point -- Retort house and gas tank
1893

American Lighthouses -- Ohio

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 44 Cleveland East Breakwater West End (2 items)
[1879]

American Lighthouses -- Rhode Island

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Beaver Tail (2 items)
1884, [1884]
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Block Island
[1880]
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Bristol Ferry
1884
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Bullock Point
[1898]
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Dutch Island
1884
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Ida Lewis Rock (formerly Lime Rock), Ida Lewis pictured
1884
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Newport Harbor (Goat Island)
1884
Box: 5 Folder : 45 Plum Beach
1884
Box: 5 Folder : 46 Point Judith (2 copies)
[1880]
Box: 5 Folder : 46 Prudence Island (Sandy Point)
1884
Box: 5 Folder : 46 Rose Island (2 items)
1884, [1884]
Box: 5 Folder : 46 Watch Hill
undated

American Lighthouses -- South Carolina

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Cape Romain
undated

American Lighthouses -- Vermont

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Burlington Breakwater North End
1886
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Burlington Breakwater South
1886
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Isle La Motte
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Juniper Island
1886
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Windmill Point
1886

American Lighthouses -- Virginia

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Unidentified
undated

American Lighthouses -- Wisconsin

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 48 Devils Island (2 items)
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 48 Outer Island -- General view
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 48 Outer Island -- Fog signal houses (2 items)
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 48 Port Washington (4 items)
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 48 Port Washington Pierhead
1893
Box: 5 Folder : 48 Superior Pierhead
1893

American Lighthouses -- Multistate

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: Folder : "Lighthouses along the coast between Portland and New York - 'By Sea to Maine'" published by Maine Steamship Company, New York (2 partial copies)

General note

See: Box 7, Folder 67

[1907]

Foreign and U.S. Territorial Lighthouses -- England

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 49 Bishop Rock (by Alfred Camm)
[1880]

Foreign and U.S. Territorial Lighthouses -- Puerto Rico

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 49 Arecibo (Faro de Arecibo)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 49 Cape Rojo (Cabo Rojo)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 49 Cape San Juan (Cabo San Juan)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 49 Cardona Island (2 items)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 49 Culebrita Island (Isla Culebrita)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Guanica (2 items)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Mona Island (Isla de Mona)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Muertos Island (Isla Caja de Muertos)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Point Borinquen
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Point Jiguero (Higuero)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Point Mulas (2 items)
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Point Tuna
[1900]
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Puerto Ferro (Faro de Puerto Ferro) (2 items)
[1900]

Unidentified Lighthouses

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 51 Unidentified lighthouses
[1890]

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Series III: Floating Aids to Navigation

Scope and Contents note

Series III dates from 1884-1927 and consists of photographic and ephemeral materials documenting light vessels, tenders (ships which service buoys), and buoys. Photographs are arranged in two subseries: Light Buoys and Accessories, and Ships and Light Vessels. Light Buoys and Accessories consists of a series of half tone tear sheets and is organized alphabetically according to the manufacturer's name and thereunder by the manufacturer's numbers. The Ships and Light Vessels subseries is arranged alphabetically by ship name with type noted in parentheses when known. Where they can be identified, light vessel (LV) numbers have been given.

Light Buoys and Accessories

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 52 American Gas Accumulator Co. -- Sun Valve, No. 1118
[1904]
Box: 5 Folder : 52 American Gas Accumulator Co. -- Beacons -- "Kurinsky Kamenj" No.1238
[1904]
Box: 5 Folder : 52 American Gas Accumulator Co. -- Beacons -- "Blockhusudden" No. 1261
[1904]
Box: 5 Folder : 52 American Gas Accumulator Co. -- Beacons -- Waalhaven at Rotterdam, No. 1275
[1904]
Box: 5 Folder : 52 American Gas Accumulator Co. -- Light Buoys -- For Uruguay, No. 1276
[1904]
Box: 5 Folder : 52 American Gas Accumulator Co. -- Light Buoys -- For Roumania [Romania], on Courtney Buoy, No. 1278
[1904]
Box: 5 Folder : 52 American Gas Accumulator Co. -- Light Buoys -- For Harlingen, Holland, No. 1457
[1904]
Box: 5 Folder : 53 Unidentified Manufacturers -- Built Up Bell Buoy, Goat Island Depot (2 copies)
1916
Box: 5 Folder : 53 Unidentified Manufacturers -- Tompkinsville Gas Buoy (by Lamb)
1927 May 31

Ships and Light Vessels

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Amaranth (tender) (4 items)
[1897]
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Bartlett Reef, LV 13 (light vessel) (by Haskell)
1913 Sep.
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Boston,, LV 54 WAL 502 (light vessel) (by Underhill)
1915
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Brenton Reef, LV 39 (light vessel)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Cornfield, LV 48 (light vessel) (2 copies) (by Haskell)
1913 Sep.
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Diamond (light vessel) (by Rosenfeld)
[1922]
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Dewitt Clinton (tugboat)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Hyacinth
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 55 Iris (tender)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 55 John Rodgers (tender)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 55 Northeast, LV 111 (light vessel)
1926 Dec. 29
Box: 5 Folder : 55 Overfalls
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 55 Putnam (tender)
[1890]
Box: 5 Folder : 55 Sandy Hook, LV 16 (light vessel)
1884
Box: 5 Folder : 55 Supply Steamer Armeria
1890

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Series IV: Light Station Equipment

Scope and Contents note

Series IV dates from ca. 1873-1927 and consists of photographs of a variety of types of equipment along with associated equipment tests and exhibitions. The photographs are arranged by type of equipment or related subject into six subseries: Audible Alerts, Engines and Air Compressors, Equipment Tests, Lenses and Lighthouse Apparatus, Lighthouse Equipment Exhibition Displays, and Unidentified and Miscellaneous Equipment.

Audible Alerts consists primarily of photographs of fog signals. One series of fifteen photographs documents the construction of the fog signal structure and installation of equipment by Hamilton-Foster Fog Signal Co., at Falkner's Island (Faulkner's Island), Connecticut. Four details of fog bell apparatus for the Minots Ledge Light Station in Massachusetts are included.

Engines and Air Compressors consists of a group of photographs by Underhill of Meitz and Weiss oil engine air compressors as installed in various engine rooms. Also included in this series are photographs of unidentified engine rooms, one of which is in Detroit, Michigan.

Equipment Tests show details of various equipment tests, including rust tests on steel and iron, tests of centrifugal pumps, and a few tests of machinery under icy conditions.

Lenses and Lighthouse Apparatus consists of photographs and halftone tear-sheets of lenses and lanterns made by Barbier, Benard & Turenne Manufacturers (Paris, France), Chance Brothers and Co. (London, England), and by unidentified manufacturers. Locations of installed lenses and lanterns have been listed in the finding aid.

Lighthouse Equipment Exhibition Displays includes photographs of equipment displays at various international exhibitions. Also included is a 1927 typescript letter from the acting Commissioner of Lighthouses to the Department of Commerce regarding lighthouse exhibition photographs from the Sesqui-Centennial International Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1926.

Audible Alerts

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 56 Bialy, John A. - Fog bell for Minots Ledge Light, Massachusetts (4 items, elevations and cross sections)
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 56 Daboll - Rotating fog apparatus
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 56 Hamilton-Foster Fog Signal Co. - Construction of fog signal at Falkner's (Faulkner's) Island, Connecticut (16 items)
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 56 New England Gamewell Co. - Fog bell machine
[1897]
Box: 6 Folder : 56 Stevens, George M. (Boston) - Improved fog bell machine
1897 Mar. 9
Box: 6 Folder : 56 Unidentified manufacturer -- Whistle reflector
[1896]

Engines and Air Compressors

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 57 Meitz and Weiss Oil Engine Air Compressor Series, Boston, (by Underhill, New York) -- Engine room interiors (B22901- 2 copies, B22902, B22645)
1915
Box: 6 Folder : 57 Meitz and Weiss Oil Engine Air Compressor Series, Boston, (by Underhill, New York) -- Close up of engine components (B22394, B22395, no number)
1915
Box: 6 Folder : 58 Unidentified Manufacturers -- Engine room interior, Detroit, Michigan
[1873]
Box: 6 Folder : 58 Unidentified Manufacturers -- Engine room interiors (3 items)
undated

Equipment Tests

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 59 A.G.A. Flashing & Reducing Chamber filled with ice
1914
Box: 6 Folder : 59 A.G.A. Reconstructed Flasher operating while frozen
1915
Box: 6 Folder : 59 Centrifugal pump testing (2 items)
1922
Box: 6 Folder : 59 Ingot iron and steel rust tests (inscribed as: steel scaled, ingot iron scaled, ingot iron not scaled)
[1915]
Box: 6 Folder : 59 Valve pressure testing series (4 items)
[1897]

Lenses and Lighthouse Apparatus

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 60 Barbier, Benard & Turenne Manufacturers (Paris, France) -- Cape Hinchinbrook, Alaska - Third order lightning light
1906
Box: 6 Folder : 60 Barbier, Benard & Turenne Manufacturers (Paris, France) -- Hillsboro Inlet, Florida - Second order bivalve lightning light
1906
Box: 6 Folder : 60 Barbier, Benard & Turenne Manufacturers (Paris, France) -- Liston Range Rear, Delaware - Range light
1906
Box: 6 Folder : 60 Barbier, Benard & Turenne Manufacturers (Paris, France) -- Mexican Government - Fourth order lenses (half tone tear sheet) (2 copies)
[1890]
Box: 6 Folder : 60 Barbier, Benard & Turenne Manufacturers (Paris, France) -- Point Arena, California - First order lightning light apparatus
1906
Box: 6 Folder : 60 Barbier, Benard & Turenne Manufacturers (Paris, France) -- Unidentified (half tone tear sheet)

General note

See also: Box 7, Folder 68

[1890]
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia - First order light (halftone tear sheet)
[1895]
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Cape of Good Hope - First order quadruple flashing light (half tone tear sheet)
[1895]
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Makapu Point - Lens (half tone tear sheet)
1908
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Mexico - Dioptric lighthouse apparatus
[1875]
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Oyster Island, Burma - First order fixed occulting white lens light (by H.J. Whitlock)
[1890]
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Pulau Pisang, Malaysia - First order lantern
[1890]
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Spurn Head, England - Single-flashing hyperradial apparatus (halftone tear sheet)
[1897]
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Watling Island, Bahamas - Second order double flashing light (by H.J. Whitlock)
[1890]
Box: 6 Folder : 61 Chance Brother's and Co. (London, England) -- Experimental lantern and apparatus for floating light
[1890]
Box: 6 Folder : 62 Unidentified manufacturer -- Bolina Point, Texas - Lens
[1908]
Box: 6 Folder : 62 Unidentified manufacturer -- Hawaii - Lens
[1900]
Box: 6 Folder : 62 Unidentified manufacturer -- Second order bivalve lens (2 items)
[1898]
Box: 6 Folder : 62 Unidentified manufacturer -- Unidentified lens
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 62 Unidentified manufacturer -- Unidentified lantern base and wick (2 items)
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 62 Unidentified manufacturer -- Unidentified gas burning navigational lantern
undated

Lighthouse Equipment Exhibition Displays

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 63 Paris Exposition Universelle, Paris, France (2 items)
1900
Box: 6 Folder : 63 Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, CA
1915
Box: 6 Folder : 63 Safety First Exhibit, Washington, DC (2 items)
1916
Box: 6 Folder : 63 Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition, Philadelphia, PA (11 items)
1926
Box: 6 Folder : 63 Letter from the acting Commissioner of Lighthouses to the Department of Commerce regarding exhibit photographs
1927

Unidentified and Miscellaneous Equipment

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 64 Light station tool box
1915
Box: 6 Folder : 64 Vulcan iron and steel works, frame fabrication (2 items)
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 64 Unidentified instrument panel
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 65 Unidentified equipment shop exteriors (3 items)
undated

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Series V: Lithograph Album by Julius Bien

Scope and Contents note

Series V dates from ca. 1860 and consists of a series of 150 lithographs (bearing plate numbers 1-95) bound into one oversize volume measuring 34.5 x 24.5 inches. The album contains plans, sections, and elevations of lighthouse towers, buoys, lamps, lanterns, lenses, light vessels, and other equipment for lighthouse service.

Julius Bien (1826-1909) was a German-born painter, cartographer and lithographer who immigrated to the United States in 1849. He settled in New York and became known as a one of the country's finest mapmakers. Bien did extensive cartographic work for the United States Government. This album is stamped "U.S. Light House Establishment," and "Col R Delafield Corps of Engineers" is inscribed on the cover. It is presumed that the album was once in the possession of Richard Delafield (1798-1873), who was in charge of New York Harbor defenses from 1861-1864 and was Chief Engineer of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers from 1864-1866. Each plate in this reads "Lith of J. Bien 60 Fulton Street," an address from which Bien is known to have worked only in 1860.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: 1 [Specifications for buoys, lamps, lanterns, lenses, light vessels, beacons, lighthouses, and other equipment for lighthouse service. 150 lithographs; plates are numbered 1 through 95.]
[1860]

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From Series II: Lighthouses

American Lighthouses -- New York

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 66 Fire Island
undated
Box: 7 Folder : 66 Hallet's Point (by I. Almstaed)
1883
Box: 7 Folder : 66 Shinnecock
undated

American Lighthouses -- Multistate

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 67 "Lighthouses along the coast between Portland and New York - 'By Sea to Maine'" published by Maine Steamship Company, New York (2 partial copies)
[1907]

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From Series IV: Light Station Equipment
Lenses and Lighthouse Apparatus
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 68 Barbier, Benard & Turenne Manufacturers (Paris, France) -- Lighthouse equipment (cabinet cards) (2 items)
undated

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