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New York Marble Cemetery Records
 MS 1470

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400

© 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Ann Christiansen

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on November 06, 2013
Finding Aid is written in English.

Historical Note

The New York Marble Cemetery is also known as the Second Avenue Cemetery. The New York Marble Cemetery was established in 1830 and incorporated on February 4, 1831 as New York City’s first nonsectarian cemetery. The Cemetery is located between 2nd and 3rd Street on Second Avenue. Perkins Nichols created the Cemetery with Anthony Dey and George W. Strong handling the conveyances. The New York Marble Cemetery is one of two marble cemeteries in the East Village of Manhattan. The other marble cemetery is the New York City Marble Cemetery and is around the corned located on Second Street, between Second and First Avenues. The marble cemeteries were created in response to fears about yellow fever outbreaks in New York City. New York City had made legislation that had outlawed earth graves in New York City. The Cemetery is made up of 156 family vaults the size of small rooms, built ten feet underground, made out of solid white Tuckahoe marble to comply with the new law. To access the family vaults one has to remove stone slabs set below the grade of the lawn. There are no markers placed on the ground; instead, marble plaques are set into the Cemetery’s north and south walls giving the names of the families interred nearby. A total of 2,070 people were buried at New York Marble Cemetery from 1830 to 1937. Most people were buried between 1830 and 1870. The first burial recorded was a child of Dr. Post in 1830 and the last burial recorded was that of Charles Janeway Van Zandt in 1937. In 1838, people started to prefer to be buried in rural cemeteries, but it would take a century before people would stop being buried at the New York Marble Cemetery. Many bodies have been transferred to other cemeteries. Descendents of the owners of the vaults can still be buried at New York Marble Cemetery. During the summer season people can visit and plan events there.