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Guide to the Gouverneur Morris, Jr. Papers
1835-1879 (bulk 1850-1860)
 MS 427

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


@ 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Processed by Maurita Baldock

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on November 01, 2011
Description is in English.

Container List

Series I: New York & Harlem Railroad, 1836-1873, undated

Scope and Contents note

In 1831, the New York and Harlem Railroad received a charter from the State of New York to build tracks from the southern tip of Manhattan to Harlem. Because Harlem was quite rural at this time, the only existing travel means between Manhattan and Harlem were steamboats and stagecoaches. The New York & Harlem Railroad was built between 1837 and 1841 and extended from City Hall to the Harlem River, as in the original design. In 1840, the New York State legislature granted the New York and Harlem Railroad rights to build a bridge across the Harlem River and extend to the New York and Albany's Railroad Line. Gouverneur Morris, Jr, then on the Board of Directors of the railroad, was entrusted to purchase the land.

In 1846, the New York and Albany Company was sold and the New York and Harlem Railroad bought the rights to complete the line to Albany. By 1852, the New York and Harlem Railroad had been extended 131 miles to Chatham Four Corners, New York, where it connected to an existing railroad line that went to Albany. In 1864, Cornelius Vanderbilt acquired a majority of NY & HRR stock and by 1869 had consolidated the New York and Harlem Railroad with the New York and Hudson River Railroad to become the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad.

Most of the documents in this series relate to the Albany extension of the New York and Harlem Railroad, including the bridge built over the Harlem River. This series contains details on the progress of construction and includes estimates and plans as well as statements of work completed and payroll records. The documents illustrate to Gouverneur Morris's role in the railroad as a significant stockholder, a member of the Board of Directors, and a contractor with the company Morris, Miller, and Schuyler (Gouverneur Morris, George Schuyler and Sidney Miller) for building the railroad and its extension. Many of the property documents pertain to Gouverneur Morris since sections of the railroad were to be built through his property in Morrisiana. The large number of accounts, bills, and receipts in the series detail the materials, labor, and property needed to construct the railroad.

Sources:

Greene, Joseph Warren, Jr. New York City's First Railroad: The New York and Harlem (1832-1867). New York: s.n., 1926.

Hyatt, Elijah Clarence. The History of the New York & Harlem Railroad. Mount Kisco, New York: E. Clarence Hyatt, 1898.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1840-1873
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Proposals from Contractors
1850-1853
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Agreements with Contractors
1849-1854
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Estimates of Work Completed by Morris, Miller, and Schuyler
1850-1852
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Monthly Estimates of Work Completed by Other Contractors
1851-1852
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Original Estimate of Quantity of Materials Needed
1850
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Chart of Contractors and Work Completed
[1850]
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Payroll Records
1838-1852
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Force Account Statements (Statements of Work Completed)
1851
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Surveys and Lists of Landowners
1841-1863, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Legal Documents re Property for Railroad
1836-1852
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Powers and Duties of Extension Committee of the Railroad
1845
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Legal Documents re Court Cases
1857-1860
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Stock Certificates
1851
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Statements of Tonnage Transported over the Morrisannia Branch Railroad to/from New York and Harlem Railroad Stations
1852-1853
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Labor
1846-Sept. 1851, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Labor
1851 Oct.-1851 Dec.
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Labor
1852-1853
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Property
1847-1857, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Purchase of Materials
1850-1870
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Stock and Bonds
1846-1854
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Transportation of Materials
1850-1853, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Various
1845-1851, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Accounts, Bills, and Receipts- Various
1852-1870

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