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Guide to the Louise B. Hill Research Notes on John André
1934-1959
 MS 3090

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
(212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Elise Winks, Marybeth Kavanagh

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on November 06, 2020
Finding aid written in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Hill, Louise Biles, 1891-
Title: Louise B. Hill research notes on John André
Dates [inclusive]: 1934-1959
Abstract: This collection consists mainly of the research notes, drafts, and chapter outlines of Louise Biles Hill's unpublished book about Major John André (1751-1780). André was an officer in the British Army and head of its Secret Service in America during the American Revolutionary War. He was hanged as a spy by the Continental Army for assisting Benedict Arnold's treason.
Quantity: 5 Linear feet in 5 cartons
Language: The documents in the collection are in English.
Call Phrase: MS 3090

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Biographical / Historical

Dr. Louise Biles Hill (1891*- 1959) was a writer, teacher, and historian. Born in Tennessee, Hill received bachelor's and master's degrees from Columbia University, and a Ph.D. in American History from Vanderbilt University. She was the author of "Joseph E. Brown and the Confederacy," a biography of the Civil War Governor of Georgia, published in 1940. The book was awarded the Mrs. Simon Baruch Prize by the Daughters of the Confederacy. Dr. Hill taught at Huntington College in Alabama; Colorado State Teachers College; and Bennett Junior College in New York. She retired in 1948 as head of the social science department of Bergen Junior College, which is now part of Fairleigh Dickinson University.

*(Hill's obituary in the Bergen Evening Record (NJ) and her gravestone in Tennessee indicate her birthdate was 1876).

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Scope and Contents

This collection consists mainly of the research notes, drafts, and chapter outlines of Louise Biles Hill's unpublished book about Major John André (1751-1780). André was an officer in the British Army and head of its Secret Service in America during the American Revolutionary War. He was hanged as a spy by the Continental Army for assisting Benedict Arnold's treason.

The collection includes both typed and handwritten notes, as well as correspondence related to researching and publishing the book on Major André. It also contains 3 works by Hill that are unrelated to Major Andre: articles about Aaron Burr and George J.F. Clark, and a fictional story set in Florida during the 18th century.

In addition, the collection contains correspondence, notes and drafts from an unpublished manuscript about André written by Carroll Carstairs (1888-1948). Carstairs was an American art dealer who served in the Grenadier Guards of the British Army during World War I. Carstairs memoir of the conflict, "A Generation Missing," was published in 1930. It seems Hill obtained these items sometime after Carstairs'death in 1948.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged by topic.

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • André, John, 1751-1780

Document Type

  • Research notes

Subject Topics

  • Women historians--United States.

Subject Places

  • United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- British forces.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Use Restrictions

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to 20 exposures of stable, unbound material per day. Application to use images from this collection for publication should be made in writing to: Department of Rights and Reproductions, The New-York Historical Society, 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024-5194, rightsandrepro@nyhistory.org. Phone: (212) 873-3400 ext. 282.

Copyrights and other proprietary rights may subsist in individuals and entities other than the New-York Historical Society, in which case the patron is responsible for securing permission from those parties. For fuller information about rights and reproductions from N-YHS visit: https://www.nyhistory.org/about/rights-reproductions

Preferred Citation

The collection should be cited as: Louise B. Hill research notes on John Andre, MS 3090, New-York Historical Society.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The papers were found in N-YHS's collections with no clear documentation of their source, though presumably they were donated by Louise B. Hill, or by a relation after Hill's death in 1959.

Processing Information

The collection was processed in 2019-20. Archivist Elise Winks removed the papers from their storage in their original filing cabinet, boxed them, and prepared a preliminary description. Archivist Marybeth Kavanagh added further description and completed this finding aid.

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Container List

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1-4 Correspondence

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with publishers, as well as research and reference correspondence with librarians and other sources. A few letters discuss Hill's financial situation as a retired widow with no pension, and her efforts to support herself.

1944-1959
Box: 1 Folder : 5-14 Book drafts and chapter outlines
1934-1959
Box: 1 Folder : 15-17 Other Writing

Scope and Contents

includes drafts of articles on Aaron Burr and George J.F. Clark, and a work of historical fiction.

1942-1944
Box: 2 Folder : 1-17 Research notes organized by subject

Scope and Contents

subjects include biographical sketches, maps and geography, and place studies.

1944-1959
Box: 3 Folder : 1-13 Research notes on secondary sources A-Sa

Scope and Contents

Secondary sources include those written by:

William Abbatt, Isaac Arnold, Thomas Day, Malcolm Decker, William Lecky, Benson Lossing, E.V. Lucas, James Perkins, Agnes Repplier, and Winthrop Sargent.

1944-1959
Box: 4 Folder : 1-13 Research notes on secondary sources Sh-W, Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Sources include those written by:

Oscar Sherwin, Joshua Hett Smith, Jared Sparks, T.J. Wertenbaker, David Williams, Charles H. Winfield, W.E. Woodward, and Shanard, Frederic and Spodell.

1944-1959
Box: 5 Folder : 1-5 Research notes on Revolutionary-era sources

Scope and Contents

sources include military journals by Andre, Heath, Simcoe and Thatcher.

1944-1959
Box: 5 Folder : 6-10 Carroll Carstairs notes

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence and notes from an unpublished manuscript about Andre written by Carroll Carstairs (1888 -1948). Carstairs was an American art dealer who served in the Grenadier Guards of the British Army during World War I. Carstairs memoir of the conflict, "A Generation Missing," was published in 1930.

1935-1948
Box: 5 Folder : 11-12 Copies of reference articles/sources

Scope and Contents

photocopies and photostats

circa 1944-1959

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