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Guide to the James Hazen Hyde Papers
1874-1940, 1953
 MS 319

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
(212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Larry Weimer, with Alec Ferretti, Jennifer Gargiulo, and Aaron Roffman

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on September 24, 2021
Finding aid written in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Hyde, James H. (James Hazen), 1876-1959
Title: James Hazen Hyde papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1874-1940, 1953
Abstract: Collection consists of correspondence, diaries, scrapbooks, photographs, and other papers of James Hazen Hyde (1876-1959). The papers are especially strong in two areas: documentation of Hyde's efforts at expanding knowledge of French culture in America from circa 1894-1905 through the Cercle Français de l'Université Harvard and the Fédération de l'Alliance Francaise, and documentation of his activities as an expatriate living in France from 1906 to 1941. His correspondence includes a large collection of letters to and from his mother, Annie F. Hyde, from 1891-1921; documentation of Red Cross activities in France during World War I; and Hyde's ongoing initiatives to expand Franco-American cultural exchange. His correspondence and diaries (which date from 1922-1940) include extensive references to Hyde's social life, anecdotes and comments about prominent persons, especially diplomats, government officials, military officers, academics, journalists, industrialists, and those from cultural circles from France, the United States, and Britain. Most of the collection is in French.
Quantity: 31.67 Linear feet in 34 boxes, 6 oversize volumes, and 2 oversize folders
Language: The collection is roughly two-thirds French and one-third English. There is also a sizable amount of German, especially in the clippings and other print matter in the Diaries series.
Call Phrase: MS 319

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Biographical / Historical

James Hazen Hyde (1876-1959) was born in New York City, the son of Henry Baldwin Hyde (1834-1899), who had founded the Equitable Life Assurance Company of the United States in 1859, and Annie (Fitch) Hyde (1845-1922). Hyde attended Cutler School in New York and entered Harvard College in 1894. At some point in his youth, Hyde picked up the nickname "Caleb" and correspondence from family and some friends used that name when addressing him.

A lifelong Francophile, Hyde joined the Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard, a society of students interested in French culture and literature and proficient in the language. While president of the club in 1897, Hyde received from his father $30,000 to form a trust to fund annual French lectures at Harvard under the auspices of the Cercle Francais. The first of these was delivered in March 1898 by René Doumic. Hyde's initiative led to him being named a member (Chevalier) of the French Legion of Honor in 1900. He would be promoted to the highest ranks in the Legion in the 1920s. In 1904, Hyde supported a counterpart program in France, whereby American academics from Harvard would lecture at the Sorbonne and France's provincial universities; Barrett Wendell was the first of these lecturers. (See the Harvard Register of 1905-06, page 88 (on-line) and, especially, Hyde's description to George Nettleton in this collection of the Cercle and later lectures and Hyde's involvement with them.)

After graduating from Harvard in 1898 with degrees in German and French, Hyde joined his father at the Equitable in the high-ranking position of Second Vice-President. At the time, Hyde's father, Henry, was president and controlling shareholder of the company he had founded, having built it into a firm with perhaps 600,000 policyholders and $400 million of assets. Henry died the following year, in 1899, at age 65, bequeathing to his son the controlling shares. Equitable's First Vice-President James W. Alexander ascended to the presidency and Hyde advanced to First Vice-President.

Over the next few years, Hyde expanded his financial interests, taking on directorships of various banking and other firms. His wealth also grew and his passion for French culture continued, both of which he flaunted. And his position as First Vice-President at Equitable put him in line to become company president. These factors culminated in Hyde's downfall as a businessman in 1905. In January of that year he hosted an ostentatious Versailles-themed costume ball for New York's wealthy elite. The extreme extravagance of the event led to not only general criticism in the press, but investigations into whether Hyde had misappropriated company funds for the purpose. Those at the Equitable looking to oust him from his position of power used the opportunity to deride him as reckless and unfit for the management of a financial firm. By the end of the year Hyde had resigned his position at the Equitable and his many directorships and sold his controlling interest in Equitable to Thomas Fortune Ryan. In December 1905, he sailed to France, where he would live until 1941, returning to America only when forced in the face of Nazi Germany's defeat of France.

During his years in France, Hyde leveraged his wealth to rebuild his reputation, remaking himself as a philanthropist, patron of the arts, and cultural ambassador. As a foundation, he expanded on the French-American cultural exchanges he had begun during his college years. In 1911, when Harvard formalized its own exchange of professors with the Sorbonne, Hyde redirected trust funds to support a continuing series of Harvard lecturers visiting the provinces. He maintained relationships with American diplomats, journalists, military officials, and others, acting as an unofficial guide to French culture and point of introduction to important French contacts. He traveled widely in Europe, and also to the Middle and Far East, enabling him to be a source of information for Americans new to the European scene. He delivered public remarks at times and wrote newspaper articles. During World War I, he gave over his home at 18 rue Adolphe Yvon in Paris to the Red Cross to use as a hospital and he worked as aide to Colonel Harvey D. Gibson, Commissioner for France of the American Red Cross.

After WWI, when the American Field Service created its Fellowships for French Universities, Hyde was on the Advisory Board. In the 1920s, Hyde was on the Executive Committee of the Continental Division of the American University in Europe, among other positions involving cultural exchange. As a philanthropist, among the many projects he supported were Albert Lythgoe's Egyptian archaeological expeditions and the acquisition and restoration of Madame Pompadour's residence at Versailles. He collected art, including a large number of allegorical prints now in the collections of New-York Historical Society. In recognition of his cultural and philanthropic services, Hyde was awarded the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor in 1928 and was elected to the French Academy of Political and Moral Sciences in 1938, among other honors.

In 1913 in Paris, Hyde married for the first time and his wedding was emblematic of his French-American interconnections. His bride was Countess Louis de Gontaut-Biron, whose first husband, a member of the old French aristocracy, had died in 1907. She was American, her maiden name being Marthe Leishman, the daughter of a former United States ambassador to Germany. Hyde's best man was Myron T. Herrick, the American ambassador to France. The Hydes had one son, Henry Baldwin Hyde (1915-1997), and they divorced in 1918; the New York Times reported that the cause was Marthe's sympathies toward the Germans during World War I. Nonetheless, as Hyde's diaries show, Marthe and Hyde stayed in touch over the years, notably in connection with their son; Marthe sent congratulations to Hyde on the occasion of his promotion to Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor in 1923 (see Series V, Volume 3).

Hyde remarried in 1930, to Countess Ella Matuschka, who was also an American (from Detroit) and who was previously married to a German officer. Hyde left her in 1931 and was sued for divorce in 1932. That same year, Hyde married a third time to Madame Thome (nee Stephanie Dervaux?), whose husband, Andre Thome, had been killed at Verdun.

On his return to the United States in 1941, Hyde lived at the Savoy-Plaza Hotel in New York and summered in Saratoga Springs. Over time in the 1940s and 1950s, he donated his papers and some of his artwork to the New-York Historical Society. He died of pneumonia in 1959 at the Gideon Putnam Hotel in Saratoga Springs.

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Scope and Contents

The collection consists of James Hazen Hyde's correspondence, diaries, scrapbooks, photographs, and other papers dating primarily from the 1890s, when he was an undergraduate student at Harvard, through 1940, shortly before he returned to the United States from France. Hyde's involvement with the Cercle Français de l'Université Harvard and the Fédération de l'Alliance Francaise in the 1890s-circa 1904 are well-documented in correspondence and scrapbooks. Hyde's diaries begin in 1922 and end in 1940, that is, for the latter half of his time residing in France. They include details of his social engagements, anecdotes and comments about prominent persons, descriptions of his travel, and visits to cultural events and institutions, and include clippings, theatre and opera programs, and other print matter related to his activities and interests.

Hyde's correspondence files extend principally from the 1890s to the 1930s, and especially pertain to his interest in Franco-American relations, e.g. American Field Service Fellowships, arranging American lecture tours by French professors and vice versa, and his work in the American Red Cross in France during World War I. Hyde's correspondents include diplomats, government officials, military officers, academics, journalists, industrialists, and those from cultural circles, though the extent and substance of each is uneven. The container list of the finding aid includes an inventory of the correspondents. Especially rich is a large collection of correspondence between Hyde and his mother, Annie Fitch Hyde, from 1891 to 1921. Much of the correspondence files include both incoming and Hyde's outgoing letters. Although the correspondence with his mother and others touch at times on financial and business matters, there seems to be relatively little on Hyde's activities as an Equitable Assurance Company officer or in his other commercial enterprises prior to departing the U.S. in 1905.

One set of bound volumes in the collection hold congratulatory letters to Hyde on his promotions within the French Legion of Honor in the 1920s. Another set are memorial books with condolence letters and other documents related to the death of Hyde's father, Henry Baldwin Hyde in 1899. There are a few family photographs and diplomas/certificates.

An extensive amount of the collection, likely well more than half, is in French. Some, especially print matter in the diaries, is in German.

Arrangement

The collection is organized in eight series:

Series I. General Correspondence (1878, 1892-1939, 1953)

Series II. Correspondence with Annie Fitch Hyde (circa 1891-1922)

Series III: Correspondence Concerning Federation de l'Alliance Francaise (1898-1935)

Series IV. Diaries (1922-1940)

Series V. Cercle Francais and Other, Related Scrapbooks (1894-1905)

Series VI. Legion of Honor Letter Books (1921, 1923, 1928)

Series VII. Henry Baldwin Hyde Memorial Books (1874, 1894, 1899-1900)

Series VIII. Photographs and Certificates (circa 1880s-1953)

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Allen, Henry T. (Henry Tureman), 1859-1930
  • Andrew, A. Piatt (Abram Piatt), 1873-1936
  • Azan, Paul, 1874-1951
  • Barrès, Maurice, 1862-1923
  • Barthou, Louis, 1862-1934
  • Bergson, Henri, 1859-1941
  • Berthelot, Philippe, 1866-1934
  • Breasted, James Henry, 1865-1935
  • Cambon, Jules, 1845-1935
  • Carrel, Alexis, 1873-1944
  • Clemenceau, Georges, 1841-1929
  • Clifton, Chalmers, 1889-1966
  • Coolidge, Archibald Cary, 1866-1928
  • Cuyler, Thomas Dewitt, 1854-1922
  • Depew, Chauncey M. (Chauncey Mitchell), 1834-1928
  • Doumer, Paul, 1857-1932
  • Doumic, René, 1860-1937
  • Ferrero, Guglielmo, 1871-1942
  • Finley, John H. (John Huston), 1863-1940
  • Foch, Ferdinand, 1851-1929
  • Ford, J. D. M. (Jeremiah Denis Matthias), 1873-1958
  • Funck-Brentano, Frantz, 1862-1947
  • Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919
  • Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924
  • Garner, James Wilford, 1871-1938
  • Gouraud, Henri, 1867-1946
  • Gregory, Eliot, 1854-1915
  • Herrick, Myron T. (Myron Timothy), 1854-1929
  • Hyde, Annie Fitch, 1845-1922
  • Kahn, Otto H., 1867-1934
  • Kerney, James, 1873-1934
  • Lavisse, Ernest, 1842-1922
  • Le Braz, Anatole, 1859-1926
  • Lebrun, Albert, 1871-1950
  • Lecomte, Georges, 1867-1958
  • Morris, Gouverneur, 1876-1953
  • Ochs, Adolph S. (Adolph Simon), 1858-1935
  • Peabody, Endicott, 1857-1944
  • Perry, Bliss, 1860-1954
  • Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948
  • Poincaré, Lucien, 1862-1920
  • Poincaré, Raymond, 1860-1934
  • Prévost, Marcel, 1862-1941
  • Recouly, Raymond, 1876-1950
  • Rodin, Auguste, 1840-1917
  • Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919
  • Roy, Edouard
  • Régnier, Henri de, 1864-1936
  • Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958
  • Strong, Eugénie, 1860-1943
  • Sumichrast, Frederick C. de (Frederick Caesar de), 1845-1933
  • Tardieu, André, 1876-1945
  • Untermyer, Samuel, 1858-1940
  • Ward, John Quincy Adams, 1830-1910
  • Weill, Félix, 1871-
  • Westinghouse, George, 1846-1914

Document Type

  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Diaries.
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Programs (documents).
  • Scrapbooks.

Subject Organizations

  • American Field Service
  • American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, Inc.
  • American Red Cross in France
  • Cercle français (Harvard University)
  • Equitable Life Assurance Society of the United States
  • Federation of French Alliances in the United States and Canada
  • Harvard University
  • Metropolitan Opera (New York, N.Y.)

Subject Topics

  • Antisemitism
  • Aliens -- France
  • Cultural relations
  • Educational exchange
  • Geopolitics -- Europe
  • Insurance companies -- New York (State)
  • Manners and customs
  • Philanthropists
  • World War, 1914-1918.

Subject Places

  • France -- Politics and government -- 20th century

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Open to qualified researchers.

Conditions Governing Use

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. (Researchers may not accrue unused copy amounts from previous days.) This collection is owned by the New-York Historical Society. The copyright law of the United States governs the making of photocopies and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials. Unpublished materials created before January 1, 1978 cannot be quoted in publication without permission of the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as the James Hazen Hyde Papers, MS 319, New-York Historical Society.

Related Materials

Over the course of the 1940s-1950s, Hyde made many donations to New-York Historical of manuscripts, photographs, prints, objects, and other material. These arrived in a piecemeal fashion and were separated to various departments and collections in the library and museum. Following are some of the Hyde donations related to this collection:

The following manuscripts were donated by Hyde and cataloged under separate call numbers:

* A small collection of six letters titled "James Hazen Hyde collection" (call AHMC - Hyde, James Hazen)

* George Henry Nettleton letter to James Hazen Hyde, 1947 March 24 (call AHMC - Nettleton, George Henry)

* Woodrow Wilson letter to James H. Hyde, 1903 March 16 (call AHMC - Wilson, Woodrow – Hyde)

* An exchange between Hyde and Charles Francis Adams in the Charles Francis Adams papers (call AHMC - Adams, Charles Francis (1835-1915))

N-YHS's institutional archive holds correspondence related to Hyde's various donations. See the New-York Historical Society General Correspondence record group (NYHS-RG 2) and search for Hyde.

The Department of Prints, Photographs and Architectural Collections holds the James H. Hyde collection of allegorical prints of the four continents (PR-27).

A search on James Hazen Hyde in N-YHS's catalog, Bobcat, will yield other print matter related to Hyde, including works authored by Hyde.

Some of the correspondence files in this collection refer to Hyde's efforts to create a "New Theatre" in New York. These happen to be outliers from a larger set of correspondence originally in Hyde's files. Among the many donations Hyde offered to N-YHS in the 1950s was his "dossier" concerning Winthrop Ames and the development of the New Theatre, which opened in 1909. N-YHS's director at the time suggested to Hyde that those papers be donated to the New York Public Library, which held extensive related material. These can be found at NYPL under the title James Hazen Hyde papers (call MssCol 1471).

Immediate Source of Acquisition

James Hazen Hyde made various donations in a piecemeal fashion to N-YHS over the course of the 1940s and 1950s. This collection includes most of the personal papers he donated. The various acquisition dates for the materials in Series III-VII are noted at the series level. All those materials were donated with Hyde's stipulation that they would not be made available until after his death, which occurred in 1959.

It is not clear when the correspondence in Series I and II was donated. At points in the 1940s and 1950s, Hyde informed N-YHS's director at the time that he was going through the correspondence to identify what he would donate (he was discarding "uninteresting and personal letters"), again with the stipulation that it would not be available until after his death. A list of notable correspondents is in the archive from 1959 so the correspondence was donated no later than then.

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Container List

Series I. General Correspondence, 1878, 1892-1939, 1953. 5.1 Linear feet in 13 boxes and one oversize folder

Scope and Contents

This series includes Hyde's incoming and outgoing correspondence dating primarily from his years living in France. Correspondents include both French and American politicians, diplomats, military officers, journalists, editors, writers, scholars, and others. Most of the correspondence is in French. Subject matter pertains to his interest in Franco-American relations, American Field Service Fellowships, American lecture tours by French professors and vice versa, his work for the American Red Cross in France during World War I, his social life, philanthropy, support for the arts and cultural endeavors, anecdotes and comments about prominent persons. Some correspondence dates from the 1890s and early years of the twentieth century, before Hyde left the United States for France. Letters from that early period generally concern business matters. The series also includes copies of some remarks given by Hyde in public presentations after World War I.

Several of the files include an index card with typed explanatory notes about the correspondent or subject. It seems likely that these were prepared by Hyde as he prepared the files for donation to N-YHS. This view is based on an exchange Hyde had with N-YHS director R.W.G. Vail in 1950 in which Hyde asked whether he should annotate the original documents with comments, to which Vail suggested the addition of typed memos to the file instead. (See N-YHS's institutional archive, General Correspondence record group (NYHS-RG 2).

The container list includes a detailed list of most of the correspondents in the series. All correspondents filed separately are listed and most correspondents in the "miscellaneous" correspondents are identified. Some correspondents are not listed because their name was illegible or because they were included in folders under another correspondent's name.

An attempt was made to note any potentially substantive subject matter at the folder level. However, a significant constraint on this was the fact that most of the letters are in French and the processing archivists could not read French.

Arrangement

The series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Within folders for each correspondent, the original order appears to have been reverse chronological (i.e., latest documents at front of folder, moving backward in time to the earliest at back of folder). Generally, the documents remain in this order. However, during processing some select folders were re-arranged to chronological order to facilitate use.

Many folders include some undated documents. The presence of such documents was noted explicitly in the container list only if there were a substantial number of them and if these undated might not be fairly represented by the dated documents.

Processing Information

The series was inventoried by intern Aaron Roffman, with descriptive notes added by archivist Larry Weimer.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Adams, Charles F

Scope and Contents

Business associate and friend from Harvard. Discussion of financial matters. Hyde describes interest in Franco-American relations and living in France. Also includes letters from Charles F. Adams 2nd.

1896-1929
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Allen, Henry T. (General)

Scope and Contents

American general from World War I. Letters primarily concern arrangements to meet at various times and places. Various mentions of post-war issues, such as the timing of withdrawal of American forces.

1919-1923
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Allenby, Edmund

Scope and Contents

Donated to the British National Cadet Association, asked to do so anonymously. Hyde also refers to his coming marriage to Countess Matuschka.

1930
Box: 1 Folder : 4 American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities

Scope and Contents

Hyde was on the advisory board and the Paris Committee of this organization. Concerns the American Field Service Scholarship Fund, various other donations (including the proceeds of Georges Clemenceau's lecture tour in America), and organizational matters. Includes correspondence from one of the organization's vice-presidents, A. Piatt Andrew, some meeting minutes, publicity materials.

1920-1924
Box: 1 Folder : 5 American Red Cross - Boulogne s/ Mer

Scope and Contents

Stated commmunication was received and that further letters would not be necessary. Original communication not present.

1918
Box: 1 Folder : 6 American Red Cross - Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Secured a laboratory for Stationary Hospital 12, and other arrangements, including an African-American banjo player for Thanksgiving and Christmas. Several communications in French.

1917-1918
Box: 1 Folder : 7 American Red Cross - Brest

Scope and Contents

Involved with US military plans to reorganize the Red Cross system throughout France.

1918
Box: 1 Folder : 8 American Red Cross (Dans Militaires)

Scope and Contents

Primarily letters of thanks to Hyde for contributions toward Christmas dinners.

1915, 1918
Box: 1 Folder : 9 American Red Cross (Installation des Directeurs de Zones)
1918
Box: 1 Folder : 10 American Red Cross - Lyon

Scope and Contents

Unsatisfactory care due to being short-staffed. Installation of new officers for the region.

1918
Box: 1 Folder : 11 American Red Cross - Marseille
1918
Box: 1 Folder : 12 American Red Cross-Nantes
1918
Box: 1 Folder : 13 American Red Cross (Papiers Divers)

Scope and Contents

Contains information on management, key contacts, and logistics for the American Red Cross.

1918
Box: 1 Folder : 14 American Red Cross - Paris
1918
Box: 1 Folder : 15 American Relief Clearing House

Scope and Contents

Includes, among other matters, Hyde's reports on his trips to hospitals in the Verdun and Somme regions.

1916-1917
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Andrew, A. Piatt

Scope and Contents

Includes, among others, letters on the stationery of the Field Service of the American Ambulance.

1907-1926
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Azan, Paul (Colonel)
1917-1933
Box: 1 Folder : 18 B. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include, among others, Leon Bakst, French diplomat Barere, Henry Berenger, Leon Blum, Andre Blum, General Belin, Carl Boyd, Rene Boylesve, Captain Boutal, Comte Bonin-Longare, Andre Bellessort, Emile Borel, Philippe Bunau-Varilla, Henri Bremond, H. Berthon, V. Berard, Jean Babelon.

1901-1931
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Bacon, Robert
1912
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Baldensperger, Fernand
1913-1935
Box: 1 Folder : 20A Bangs, John Kendrick

Scope and Contents

Two handwritten letters from Hyde: thanking Bangs for his note declining to attend Hyde's party because of a trip to Cuba (1904) and acknowledging Bangs's recent note and his friendly interest and courtesy (1905). (Source: These two letters were donated to N-YHS in May 2019 by Christine Durling, and added to the Hyde papers at that time.)

1904-1905
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Barres, Maurice (de l'Academie Francaise)
1917-1919
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Barthou, Louis

Scope and Contents

Also includes correspondence with Pierre Loti.

1910-1924
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Bayet, A
1904-1914
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Bedier, Joseph
1911-1935
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Bennett, James Gordon & Maud
1912-1917
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Bergson, Henri
1909-1934
Box: 2 Folder : 4-5 Berthelot, Philippe & Helene (2 folders)
1912-1930
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Bliss, Robert Woods & Mildred
1914-1932
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Bocher, Ferdinand
1896-1902
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Bourgeois, Emile
1920-1929
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Boutroux, Emile & Aline (de l'Academie Francaise)
1907-1921
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Breasted, James Henry
1924-1935
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Brisbane, Arthur
1902-1923
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Brisson, Adolphe & Madeleine
1910-1928
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Brunetiere, Ferdinand
1897-1899, 1906
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Bucher, Pierre (Docteur)
1918-1920
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Byne, Arthur & Mildred

Scope and Contents

Friends living in "backward" Spain. Hyde recounts his travels to other countries.

1921-1934
Box: 2 Folder : 16 C. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are General de Castelnau, Madame Colette, Edmond Clement, General Cadondal(?), M. Collignon, Yvonne Carteroux(?) of the Hospital de Madame Messimy.

1910-1925
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Calmette, Gaston (editor of "Le Figaro")
1902-1913
Box: 2 Folder : 18-19 Cambon, Jules (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

The first folder contains extensive correspondence (in French); the second holds the program for the banquet held for Cambon (Ambassador of France) at Washington, DC, in 1902 by the Legionnaires in the United States (Hyde was on the Committee on Arrangements.)

1900-1928
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Cambon, Paul
1913-1921
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Capper, Arthur (U.S. Senator)
1925-1929
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Carrel, Alexis & Anne
1913-1927
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Castellane, Boni & Anne de
1906-1916
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Charmes, Francis
1909-1913
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Chaumeix, Andre

Scope and Contents

Identified as editor of the Reveudes Deux Monds and a writer for the Journal des Debats.

1910-1913
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Chinard, Gilbert
1908-1921
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Chiappe, Jean
1927-1935
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Clemenceau, Georges
1915-1925
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Clifton, Chalmers Dancy & Wanda B.

Scope and Contents

Extensive correspondence, in English, from Clifton commenting on U.S. politics, among other matters. Two programs from concerts conducted by Clifton (1929, 1933) are in the folder.

1919-1939
Box: 3 Folder : 3-4 Coolidge, Archibald Cary (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Several of the letters are addressed by Coolidge to a Monsieur Gofflot, at the same address used by Hyde and stamped as received by Hyde. These letters to Gofflot are in French; the other letters in this file are in English.

1896-1921
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Coolidge, Harold Jefferson

Scope and Contents

Among other subjects, includes biographical note of Archibald Coolidge written by Hyde at brother Harold's request. Also includes a 1902 map of Indo-China marked to show Harold Coolidge's proposed area for traveling and collecting in 1928.

1902, 1928-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Coquelin [Cadet?]

Scope and Contents

Although these letters certainly appear to be from Coquelin Cadet (i.e. Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin), there is one letter signed "Coq" and stamped by Hyde as 1918, years after Coquelin's death. However, other correspondence in this series bears a similar stamped date, which often seems clear that it is a mistake and is actually 1908. One letter, from late 1909, is to Jean Coquelin. All other letters are from 1904-1907 or undated.

1904-1909
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Cortesi, Salvatore

Scope and Contents

Principally concerns arrangements Hyde made through Cortesi to visit the Italian front in 1916, which led to an article written by Hyde.

1914-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Crane, Charles R
1909
Box: 3 Folder : 9-12 Cuyler, Thomas DeWitt (4 folders)

Scope and Contents

Principally concerns various business matters related to the Equitable Life Assurance Society (e.g., considering acquiring land in Philadelphia for an office adjacent to the Arcade Building at Broad and Market), Franklin National Bank, Commercial Trust Company, Girard Trust Company, National Union Bank, Citizens National Bank of Cincinnati, and others. These are often related to investments, acquisitions, bank consolidations, loans, board meeting arrangements and naming of directors. Most of the letters are incoming from Cuyler and date through 1904. There are fewer letters from 1906-1919, are mostly incoming from Cuyler with some outgoing from Hyde, and are generally pleasantries, with some references to financial matters.

1899-1919
Box: 3 Folder : 13 D. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include, among others, Marcel Dieulafoy, Charles Dumon, J. Depelley, Monsieur Delcasse, J. Delton, Colonel Denvignes, General Henri Duport, General Debeny, Colonel Dupuy, and photo postcard of and from Warrington Dawson.

1898-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Dard, Emile
1908-1920
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Deane, R
1919
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Deering, James

Scope and Contents

Principally includes an invitation to Hyde to join the Franco-American Committee of Patronage, with material related to the organization (1903).

1903-1916
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Depew, Chauncey M.

Scope and Contents

Trustee of Equitable Trust Company and U.S. senator. Principally involves expressions of support and other matters consistent with a relationship between an older mentor from the business and political world and younger man attending Harvard and starting his career.

1892-1908
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Deschanel, Paul (Mr & Mme)
1915-1919
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Diehl, Charles
1926-1935
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Doumer, Paul
1907, 1915-1930
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Doumergue, Gaston
1925-1934
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Doumic, Rene & Helene
circa 1897-1913, 1927-1929
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Dubois (General)
1915
Box: 4 Folder : 5 E. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are C. Enlart, Eugene d'Eichtal, Governor of Pennsylvania George H. Earle and wife Huberta.

1909-1935
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Edge, Walter E.

Scope and Contents

Concerns Ambassador Edge's initiative to acquire copies of portraits of past ambassadors to exhibit.

1929-1931
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Einstein, Lewis

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns exchanges (1924-25) regarding Hyde's and Einstein's tapestries, and others.

1914, 1924-1930
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Estournelles de Constant (Baron), Jean d'Janvier
1902-1913
Box: 4 Folder : 9 F. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include, among others, Ambassador de Fleuriau, General Ferrie, General Feraud, David R. Francis (regarding the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company), du Fonarre(?).

1902-1921
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Fay, Bernard
1920-1921, 1931-1934
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Ferrero, Guglielmo
1908-1917, 1935
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Feuillerat, Albert
1912-1931
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Finley, John Huston & Martha
1911-1927
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Flat, Paul
1915-1916
Box: 4 Folder : 15 Flers, Robert de
1923, undated
Box: 4 Folder : 16 Flexner, Abraham and Anne Crawford
1912-1932
Box: 4 Folder : 17-19 Foch, Ferdinand (Maréchal & Mme) (3 folders)
1908-1931
Box: 4 Folder : 20 Forain, Jean Louis
1906-1907
Box: 4 Folder : 21 Ford, J.D.M

Scope and Contents

Several letters written on stationery of American University Union in Europe for which Hyde and Ford were on the Continental Division's Executive Committee. Concerns various academic matters, including arrangements for Ford's lectures in Europe.

1921-1926
Box: 4 Folder : 22 Ford, Stanley H.
1933
Box: 4 Folder : 23 Fortier, Alcee
1902-1907
Box: 4 Folder : 24 Franchet d'Esperey (Maréchal)
1917-1918, 1933
Box: 4 Folder : 25 Francois, Marsal F.
1916
Box: 4 Folder : 26 Francois-Poncet
1929-1931
Box: 4 Folder : 27 Friant, Emile
1913
Box: 4 Folder : 28 Frick, Henry.Clay

Scope and Contents

Principally relates to bank relationships and shared directorships between Frick and Hyde.

1901-1903
Box: 4 Folder : 29 Fullerton, W.M.

Scope and Contents

Includes, among other matters, discussion by Fullerton concerning arrangements for the Exposition internationale urbaine de Lyon in 1914.

1911, 1914, 1925
Box: 4 Folder : 30 Funck-Brentano, Frantz

Scope and Contents

Includes clippings about Funck-Brentano from 1900 and 1904. Letters begin in 1904.

1900-1929
Box: 5 Folder : 1 G. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include, among others, General Charles Grant, Marcel Gounouilhou, General Gamelin, V. Grignard, General Gourko, General Georges, Sacha Guitry (and wife, Charlotte Lysis).

1916-1935
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Gage, Homer (Doctor)

Scope and Contents

On the building of a dormitory for American students at Cite Universitaire in Paris.

1927-1930
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Gardner, Isabella Stewart

Scope and Contents

Several letters from Gardner, all but one undated. Generally appear to concern pleasantries, invitations, general references to Fenway Court, and other social matters.

1908, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Garner, James Wilford

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns Garner's lecture tour in France (1921) and related matters.

1917, 1920-1921
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Gay, Walter & Matilda (Mathilde)

Scope and Contents

All of the incoming letters are from Matilda Gay and concern various social matters and pleasantries. Includes a reference to pigeons acquired from Hyde for Le Briau.

1921-1924
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Germain, Henri (Madame)
1903-1918
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Gibson, Hugh

Scope and Contents

Includes an invitation to Gibson's wedding (1922); letters concerning the arrangements and formalities for attending a Court Ball (1928), and a request by Hyde for a recommendation for a possible lecturer (1931).

1922-1931
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Gillet, Louis
1907-1934
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Giraudoux, Jean
1907-1926
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Gould, Anna
1906-1907
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Gouraud, Henri (General)
1911-1933
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Greene, Jerome D.

Scope and Contents

Inquiries from Greene about a position with the Equitable (1899); letters of introduction from Greene; inquiries from Hyde as to Greene proposing him for club memberships; and other such matters.

1899-1919
Box: 5 Folder : 13-14 Gregory, Eliot (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Extensive correspondence discussing travels, lectures, cultural matters, social gossip, and personal observations on various matters.

1908-1915
Box: 5 Folder : 15 Guillaumat (General)
1918
Box: 5 Folder : 16 Guitry, Lucien
1920-1921
Box: 5 Folder : 17 H. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Only correspondent in the folder is G.G. Haven, concerning trusteeships and financial interests in banks.

1902-1904
Box: 5 Folder : 18 Hale, Frederick

Scope and Contents

Two letters from the U.S. senator from Maine in relation to American involvement in World War I.

1917
Box: 5 Folder : 19 Hallays, Andre
1919-1925
Box: 5 Folder : 20 Hanotaux, Gabriel (Mr & Mme)
1912-1916, 1928
Box: 5 Folder : 21 Harbord, James G.

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns pleasantries and invitations.

1917-1919
Box: 5 Folder : 22 Harjes, Henri H. & Ivy

Scope and Contents

A request for Hyde to add his name to a draft request for funds and men for Red Cross ambulance units (draft included in file); request for Hyde to join a committee to present a monument to France commemorating the battle of the Marne; and Harjes's decline of an unidentified proposal by Hyde (1923).

1916-1923
Box: 5 Folder : 23 Harper, William R.

Scope and Contents

Thank you letter for a donation to have guest lecturers.

1902
Box: 5 Folder : 24 Harrison, Alexander
1908
Box: 5 Folder : 25 Harrison, Burton
1893, 1931
Box: 5 Folder : 26 Harrison, Leland
1921-1935
Box: 5 Folder : 27 Hart, Albert Bushnell

Scope and Contents

Concerns discussions over time regarding the possibility of Hart lecturing in France. The 1926 exchange includes Hyde's and Hart's perspectives on historical topics that are irritants in relations between America and France and would be best avoided in the lectures.

1914, 1920-1926
Box: 5 Folder : 28-30 Harvard University (3 folders)

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include, among other, Henry Van Dyke, Charles W. Eliot, Waldron H. Rand, Jr., A. Lawrence Lowell, Archibald Cary Coolidge, C.H. Van Tyne, Jules Coulet, James W. Garner, and Henry Munroe. The principal topic concerns arrangements for Harvard to send various professors to lecture in France. These arrangements, especially in terms of the specific professors selected, involve both institutional and geopolitical considerations. There are some documents concerning related efforts, such as lecturers sent to Spain and a 1908 plan for English assistants to be placed in German schools. The bulk of the correspondence ends in 1922; two letters from 1935 include one from James B. Conant responding to Hyde's inquiry about plans for a committee in France for Harvard's 300th anniversary celebration. Some letters are to/from French correspondents and so are in French.

1908-1922, 1935
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Harvard Exchange Professors

Scope and Contents

Includes letters to and from Larz Anderson regarding forming a Harvard Club in Paris (1912) and letters to and from two French correspondents concerning arrangements for Harvard professors teaching in France.

1912, 1924, 1929
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Harvard - Instructeurs Militaires

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include, among others, E. Boutroux, Edward Benedic, Jerome Green, Jean Bourguignon, Carl Boyd, Francois de Chevigne, Jules Cambon.

1909-1919
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Harvey, George
1903, 1916-1917
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Hastings, Thomas & Helen

Scope and Contents

Concerns plans for a Marne battle monument in Paris.

1906, 1923
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Haumont, G.
1928-1931
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Hazard, Paul
1914, 1922, 1931
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Hebrard, Adrien
1908?-1914
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Helleu, Paul
1921, 1924
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Henri-Robert (Maitre) (Attorney)
1909-1923
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Henrys (General)
1909-1911, 1918-1919
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Herbette, Louis
1902-1907
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Herbette, Maurice & Denise
1919-1920, 1928
Box: 6 Folder : 13 Herr, Georges (General)
1915-1932
Box: 6 Folder : 14-16 Herrick, Myron T. (3 folders)

Scope and Contents

Much of the correspondence dates from the periods during which Herrick was American ambassador to France.

1912-1929
Box: 6 Folder : 17 Herriot, Edouard (Mr & Mme)
1912-1918
Box: 6 Folder : 18 Hervieu, Paul
1909-1913
Box: 6 Folder : 19 Hills, Laurence
1921-1933
Box: 6 Folder : 20 Hochon, Louise
1907-1923, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 21 Homolle, Theophile
1908-1923
Box: 14 Folder : 8-9 Hopital Auxiliaire No. 79 (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Documents concerning Hyde's Parisian home at 18 Rue Adolphe-Yvon, which he made available as an auxiliary hospital during World War I. Correspondents include the Societe Francaise de Secours aux Blesses Militaires, the American War Relief Clearing House, and many others. Much of the correspondence is from or directed to the administrator of the hospital; this is not Hyde, but L.V. Gofflot. Most of the documents are in French.

1915-1916
Box: 6 Folder : 22 House, Edward M. (Colonel & Mme)

Scope and Contents

Early correspondence concerns investments and directorships regarding Equitable. Also includes a preface written by Ernest Lavisse conncerning French heroism (1918), a proposal for an American Soldiers Memorial Hospital in France (circa 1920?), and other matters.

1902-1903, 1916-1933
Box: 6 Folder : 23 Humbert (General)
1918-1919
Box: 6 Folder : 24 Huntington, Archer & Helen

Scope and Contents

Primarily letters of introduction, pleasantries and the like, though Hyde in one letter (1920) describes the route of his travels in Spain with some observations.

1911-1926
Box: 6 Folder : 25 I. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Two correspondents: Issmett Riza Bey (1914) and General Issaly (1930)

1914-1930
Box: 6 Folder : 26 Ishii, K (Ambassadeur)
1915, 1917
Box: 6 Folder : 27 Jaray, Gabriel Louis
1910-1916, 1930-1932
Box: 6 Folder : 28 Joffre, Joseph and Henrietta
1917-1929
Box: 6 Folder : 29 Jollivet, Gaston (Mr & Mme)
1912, 1918
Box: 6 Folder : 30 Jonnart, C
1924
Box: 6 Folder : 31 Jouvenel, Henry & Colette de
1914
Box: 6 Folder : 32 Jusserand, J.J. (Mr. & Mme)
1904-1928
Box: 7 Folder : 1 K. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are Frau Krupp, L.L. Klotz, Henrietta King, Moustafa, Kamel Pacha.

1907-1929
Box: 7 Folder : 2-3 Kahn, Otto H. & Addie (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

The documents from 1900-1909 primarily relate to the Conried Metropolitan Opera Company, the Metropolitan Opera, and the effort by Kahn and Hyde, among others, to develop a "New" or "National Theatre" in New York City. There are also references to Hyde in relation to the Equitable and his ownership of stock, letters of introduction, Hyde's travels in Asia and in Europe during the war, various social and investment matters, etc.

1900-1929
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Kapurthala (Maharaja de)
1908-1919
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Kelly, Edmond
1902-1904
Box: 7 Folder : 6-7 Kerney, James (2 folders)
1918-1933
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Knecht, Marcel
1907-1922
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Knoblock, Edward (Edward Knoblauch)

Scope and Contents

Knoblauch changes his surname to Knoblock in 1916. Early letters primarily concern a play of Knoblauch's. Later letters primarily concern art objects acquired by Hyde from Knoblock or with his advice.

1911-1931
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Koechlin, Raymond
1927-1930
Box: 7 Folder : 11 Kountze, William de Lancey

Scope and Contents

Kountze identifies art objects and requests Hyde's help in acquiring information about them, which Hyde agrees to.

1921-1922
Box: 7 Folder : 12 L. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are R. de Lamerzan, Rene Lara, Monseigneur Le Roy, Le Coz, Edward Loftus, Louis Loucheur (one letter to James Kerney), H. livington-Sampson, A. de Laborde, Andre de Laboublaye, A.T. Long, Philip M. Lydig (concerning purchasing shares of the Metropolitan Opera Company), Sylvain Lears(?), E.A. Leblond(?), and Le Vert Coleman.

1904-1933
Box: 7 Folder : 13 Labbe, Paul
1917, 1925-1935
Box: 7 Folder : 14 Labori (Maitre)
1903-1904
Box: 7 Folder : 15 Lacaze, L. (Admiral)
1915-1926
Box: 7 Folder : 16 Lacour-Gayet, Georges
1911-1924
Box: 7 Folder : 17 Lagrave, Michel
1902-1903
Box: 7 Folder : 18 Lamont, Thomas W.

Scope and Contents

Concerns funding of the monument of the Battle of the Marne, to be sculpted by Frederick William MacMonnies.

1919-1921
Box: 7 Folder : 19 Lamy, Etienne
1911-1914
Box: 7 Folder : 20 Langlois, Ch.V.
1921(?), 1929
Box: 7 Folder : 21 Lanson, Gustave
1913-1929
Box: 7 Folder : 22 Lapeyrere, Boue de (Amiral)
1914, 1916
Box: 7 Folder : 23 Lapie, Paul
1913, 1925-1926
Box: 7 Folder : 24 Lauzanne, Stephane
1916-1927
Box: 7 Folder : 25 Lavedan, Henri (Mr & Mme)
1914-1929
Box: 7 Folder : 26 Lavisse, Ernest

Scope and Contents

See also the Edward House folder for a piece written by Lavisse.

1908-1921
Box: 7 Folder : 27 Le Braz, Anatole
1904-1923
Box: 7 Folder : 28 Lebrun, Albert (Senateur)
1921-1927
Box: 7 Folder : 29 Lecomte, Georges
1909-1918
Box: 7 Folder : 30 Lee, Ivy L.
1919-1920
Box: 7 Folder : 31 Lefranc, Abel
1908-1925
Box: 7 Folder : 32 Legouis, Emile
1913, 1918, 1932
Box: 7 Folder : 33 Leland, Waldo G.

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns Leland's suggestions for funding and donation of materials for libraries at French universities, and for an exchange of professorships, both involving Harvard. Includes Hyde's detailed notes of a discussion between him and Leland on these subjects.

1924-1925
Box: 7 Folder : 34 Lenotre, G.
1904-1906
Box: 7 Folder : 35 Le Roux, Hugues (Mr & Mme)

Scope and Contents

Among other documents, includes two picture postcard of Le Roux "presente a Menelik la carte du Nil Bleu."

1900-1904
Box: 8 Folder : 1 LeRoy, Lewis H. (Colonel)
1917
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Leroy-Beaulieu, Anatole (Mr & Mme)
1903-1911
Box: 8 Folder : 3 LeRoy, White J.
1902-1910
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Liard, L.
1906-1913
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Loubet, Emile (Mr & Mme)
1900-1912
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Low, Seth

Scope and Contents

Concerning lectures on life insurance to be given at Columbia.

1899
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Luchaire, Julien
1913-1931
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Lyautey (Maréchal)
1909-1933
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Lyon, Georges
1928
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Lythgoe, Albert

Scope and Contents

Concerns Hyde's donation to the Metropolitan Museum of Art,specifically in regard to support for Lythgoe's archaelogical work in Egypt. Lythgoe refers to some aspects of arrangements for the work. See also Edward Robinson folder below.

1925-1926
Box: 8 Folder : 11 M. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents McDougall Hawkes, General de Maud'Huy, Robert H. McCurdy, Langdon P. Marvin, Maurice Muret, Edwin H. Morgan, L'Abbe A. Mugnier, Le Contre-Amiral Mornet, General Meunier, G. Macon, Baron de Meslon, Henry Morgenthau, Prince Danilo de Montenegro, F.A. Mahan, Daniel Michend(?), Monsieur Mauricheau-Beaupre.

1904-1931
Box: 8 Folder : 12 Mabilleau, Leopold
1902-1904
Box: 8 Folder : 13 Mackay, Clarence & Katherine

Scope and Contents

Principally concerns activities related to the founding of a "National Theatre" in New York and Hyde's sale of his shares in the Metropolitan Opera Company to Mackay (1906-09). Also concerns Mackay buying shares in Equitable (1903) and other cultural matters (1927).

1903-1909, 1927
Box: 8 Folder : 14 MacMonnies, Frederick

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns MacMonnies acquiring a letter of introduction to see Marshal Foch, the Battle of the Marne monument, and pleasantries.

1920, 1923, 1932-1933
Box: 8 Folder : 15 McCook, John J.

Scope and Contents

McCook forwards in 1904 an original 1878 memorandum written by Hyde's father concerning "Mutual's reduction in rates." The 1910 letter from McCook is a letter of reference for a Mr. Straus.

1878, 1904, 1910
Box: 8 Folder : 16 McCormick, Harold F.

Scope and Contents

Holds a single document: a statement surveying the history and recent prospects of the International Harvester Company in relation to its business activities in France, possibly in connection with granting a national honor to McCormick.

1920s?
Box: 8 Folder : 17 McCormick, Medill

Scope and Contents

US Senator from Illinois. Declined to speak in France due to concerns about the French public's sentiment toward American relations.

1918,1920
Box: 8 Folder : 18 McCurdy, Richard A.

Scope and Contents

McCurdy was president of the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York. Though the references are somewhat obscure, the letters from McCurdy appear to concern bank investments and acquisitions for Mutual and the Equitable. Concerning growth of the Continental Insurance Company.

1901-1903
Box: 8 Folder : 19 Madelin, Louis
1907-1928
Box: 8 Folder : 20 Mahon, Patrice (Commandat & Madame)
1900-1912, 1917
Box: 8 Folder : 21 Maklakoff, M. (Marie and Basile)
1921-1929
Box: 8 Folder : 22 Male, Emile

Scope and Contents

Also includes correspondence with Georges Guiraud.

1920, 1927-1928, 1938
Box: 8 Folder : 23 Mangin, Ch. (General & Madame)

Scope and Contents

Also includes two calling cards of Mr. MacMonnies, with written notes.

1917-1919, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 24 Manoury, H.
1914-1917
Box: 8 Folder : 25 Manzoni, G. (Comte)
1927, 1931
Box: 8 Folder : 26 Marbury, Elisabeth (Miss)

Scope and Contents

Early letters concern possible productions of plays. Later letters relate to Marbury seeking Hyde's assistance in receiving the Legion of Honor.

1903-1909, 1919-1920
Box: 8 Folder : 27 Marriner, J.T. (James Theodore)

Scope and Contents

Concerns the possibility of erecting a statue to the Marquis de Rochambeau, and a letter of introduction.

1933
Box: 8 Folder : 28 Martet, Jean
1917-1918
Box: 8 Folder : 29 Martin, Germain
1902-1933
Box: 8 Folder : 30 Martin, R. William
1915-1918
Box: 8 Folder : 31 Matsui, K. (Mr & Mme)
1916-1919
Box: 8 Folder : 32 Maurois, Andre

Scope and Contents

Among other matters, list of names and meetings for Maurois in connection with his trip to America.

1926-1933
Box: 8 Folder : 33 Menier, Gaston
1911-1912, 1924
Box: 8 Folder : 34 Metman, Louis
1921-1930
Box: 8 Folder : 35 Meyer, Arthur
1910, 1923
Box: 8 Folder : 36 Michel, Andre (Mr & Mme)
1903-1908
Box: 8 Folder : 37 Mierry, Jean de (Commandant)
1921-1931
Box: 8 Folder : 38 Millerand, Alexandre (Mr & Mme)
1906-1932
Box: 8 Folder : 39 Millet, Rene
1904-1911
Box: 8 Folder : 40 Mitchell, William (General)
1917-1927
Box: 8 Folder : 41 Photographic Negative of Unidentified Object

Scope and Contents

This negative was found during processing in 2018 at this point in the collection. It is not apparent what, if any, connection there is but the item was left as found.

Undated
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Monaco (Prince & Princesse de)
1917-1922
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Monvel, Bernard Boutet de
1909-1924
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Monvel, Maurice Boutet de
1899-1912
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Monvel, Roger Boutet de
1912-1914
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Morris, Gouverneur
1915-1917
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Mounet-Sully
1909-1912
Box: 9 Folder : 7 Moure, E.J. (Docteur)
1910-1931
Box: 9 Folder : 8 Munsey, Frank A.
1919-1921
Box: 9 Folder : 9 N. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are Brigadier General D.E. Nolan, General Nogues, General Nollet, General Nivelle, Leon Noel, and Pol Neveux.

1917-1935
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Nettleton, George H.

Scope and Contents

Concerns Nettleton's lectures in France sponsored by the Hyde Foundation. Some of the documents refer to the history of these lectures and Hyde's involvement.

1918, 1928-1931
Box: 9 Folder : 11 Nolhac, Pierre de
1903-1926
Box: 9 Folder : 12 Norton, C. E. and Grace
1897-1898, undated
Box: 9 Folder : 13 Norton, Lawrence H.
1911-1924
Box: 9 Folder : 14 O. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are the aide-de-camp of Prince Georges Romanowsky and John Ball Osborne. Mention of a tour of the World War I battlefront.

1910, 1915
Box: 9 Folder : 15 O'Brien, Morgan J.

Scope and Contents

Concerns payment of a loan from the Equitable (1903), attempts by O'Brien to assist in arranging lectures (1907-08), a letter of introduction (1918), and other matters.

1901-1908, 1918
Box: 9 Folder : 16 Ochs, Adolph S.

Scope and Contents

Concerns advertising by Equitable in the Times (1899); the possibility of the Times establishing an international bureau (1900); a letter from Thomas Dewitt Cuyler regarding perceived antagonism toward the Pennsylvania Railroad by the Philadelphia Times (1901); and the Times's plans to move to a new location, the paper's financial status, encouragement to invest in the funding of the new building, the mortgage Equitable holds on the property, and aspects of the building's design (1902-04). Later correspondence (1908-35) mostly concerns letters of introduction, pleasantries, and compliments on written articles.

1899-1935
Box: 9 Folder : 17 Ollivier, Emile
1904
Box: 9 Folder : 18 Orliac, Marie d'
1913-1914
Box: 9 Folder : 19 Osler, William

Scope and Contents

Concerning the acquisition of books, particularly antique books in London, and invitations and pleasantries. Also asked for Hyde's assistance in enrolling his son in school in London.

1908-1919
Box: 9 Folder : 20 P. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include, among others, Ferid Damad Pacha, Frank Puant, Comte Primoli, Georges Pallain, General Pelle, Ernest Perrin, Robert Pinot, Leon Pissard, Claude Pupier, Jean Psichari, M. Prou, Jean Pozzi, Monsieur de Pouydraguin (Comite France-Amerique), Francois Picavet, G. Perrot, H. Poincare, Ferdinand W. Peck (asking Hyde to be on a committee of arrangements for a banquet honoring French ambassador Jules Cambon in Washington), and Frederic C. Penfield. Discussion of a book on motoring (driving) in Spain. Menu for dejeuner at Presidence de la Republique (1 October 1918).

1901-1934
Box: 9 Folder : 21 Painleve, Paul
1915-1928
Box: 9 Folder : 22 Paleologue, Maurice
1910-1919
Box: 9 Folder : 23 Parker, Gilbert

Scope and Contents

Transmittal letters for pamphlets and other print matter to Hyde.

1915
Box: 9 Folder : 24 Peabody, Endicott

Scope and Contents

Hyde begins arranging to have his son attend Groton. Other letters with Peabody concern European travel.

1916-1918
Box: 9 Folder : 25 Pelliot, Paul
1914, 1928-1930
Box: 9 Folder : 26 Perate, Andre
1919-1931
Box: 9 Folder : 27 Perkins, Dexter

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns Perkins's fellowship at the Ecole des Sciences Politiques and his descriptions to Hyde of travels in Italy, northern Africa and Russia.

1911-1913
Box: 9 Folder : 28 Pernot, Maurice
1915-1929
Box: 9 Folder : 29 Perry, Bliss (Mr & Mme)

Scope and Contents

Extensive correspondence from 1909-14 concerning Perry's lectures in France (arrangements, subject matter, reception in the various cities, plans to publish French translations of the lectures). In his letters to Perry, Hyde provides a great deal of historical context about these lectures. The correspondence largely ends in 1912. The few later letters include a request from Hyde for a letter of introduction (1914), request from Hyde for information about the Swiss school (Bellerive Institute) to which Perry had sent his son (1927), and a letter from Rachel Perry to the new Mrs. Hyde with very expressive congratulations on her marriage (1932) (see also Ralph Perry folder for other letters from Rachel).

1909-1914, 1927, 1932
Box: 9 Folder : 30 Perry, Ralph Barton

Scope and Contents

Also includes letters from Rachel Perry.

1921-1935
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Pershing, John J. (General)

Scope and Contents

Hyde proposes to Pershing that an information bureau be created for university men coming to France (1917). This matter does not appear to be answered in these letters; the others are primarily invitations, thanks, greetings and pleasantries.

1917-1921
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Persil, Raoul
1914-1925
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Petain (Maréchal)
1916-1920
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Phipps, Eric (Sir)

Scope and Contents

Primarily invitations, congratulations on appointments, letters of introduction requests, and greetings, but also describes a James H. Hyde traveling scholarship awarded by the Royal Society of Arts.

1927-1933
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Picard, Emile
1929-1932
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Pichon,Stephen
1907, 1913-1919
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Pierce, Daniel T.
1918-1930
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Pierson, Blanche
1907-1919
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Platt, T.C. (U.S. Senator)

Scope and Contents

Platt confirms to W.H. McIntyre that an award will be given the Cercle Francaise de l'Universite Harvard (1901). a frank of the National Express Company is given to Hyde (1903). Platt is asked to intercede with the Secretary of the Treasury for the National Bank of Commerce to continue as a depositary of funds, but finds that this need no longer exists (1903).

1901, 1903
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Poincare, Lucien
1910-1920
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Poincare, Raymond
1916-1926
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Polos (Federation des Polos de France)

Scope and Contents

The principal correspondent is General de Serrigny.

1922
Box: 10 Folder : 13 Porche, Francois
1926-1929
Box: 10 Folder : 14 Porter, Horace (General)

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns the farewell banquet for Ambassador Porter given at the Hotel du Palais d'Orsay by the American "colony" in Paris (Hyde was on the Arrangements Committee). Includes the program/menu, clippings of news coverage, and correspondence.

1903-1907
Box: 10 Folder : 15 Prevost, Marcel
1907-1935
Box: 10 Folder : 16 R. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are Royal Military College (in connection with Hyde's gift of a bronze replica of Marshal Foch's death mask); Monsieur Regnault; Leon Renier; Louis Renault; A. Romanof(?); Henry Roujon; M. Ractivay(?); Gaston Rageot; Salvagio Raggi; Theodore Roosevelt (two invitations to receptions at the White House, 1903 and 1904; a typed letter signed and marked up by Roosevelt on Metropolitan letterhead in which he tells Hyde that if he should go abroad it would be best not to attend a banquet for him, at least until the war is over (May 10, 1917); Philippe Roy; Warren Delano Robbins; Alfred Richard (regarding the Foch death mask); Richard C. Richardson, Jr.; A. Ribot; Royal Society of Literature (M.H. Wagstaff).

1913-1931
Box: 10 Folder : 17 Raleigh, Walter A.

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns Hyde's interest in joining the Bibliographical Society of London, and in getting information from Raleigh about placing his young son in an English public school, with Eton and Winchester under discussion.

1914-1917
Box: 10 Folder : 18 Reau, Louis
1924-1931
Box: 10 Folder : 19 Reay (Mr & Mme/Lord & Lady)
1910-1914
Box: 10 Folder : 20 Recouly, Raymond
1915-1932
Box: 10 Folder : 21 Regnier, Henri de (Mr & Mme)
1900-1912, 1933
Box: 10 Folder : 22 Reinach, Joseph
1910, 1912-1916
Box: 10 Folder : 23 Reinach, Salomon
1911-1932
Box: 10 Folder : 24 Reinach, Theodore
1916-1928
Box: 10 Folder : 25 Rejane (Madame)
1907-1919
Box: 10 Folder : 26 Revue de Deux Mondes - Centenaire

Scope and Contents

The folder holds tickets, invitations, programs, menus and other ephemera related to the celebration of this centennial anniversary. Also holds some news clippings about it, including one referring to the fact that Hyde would speak at an event. An edited speech (in French) in the file is likely Hyde's remarks. Three letters are to/from Marcel Bouteron. See also the Rene Doumic folder.

1929
Box: 10 Folder : 27 Reynaud, Paul
1917-1930
Box: 10 Folder : 28 Richepin, John

Scope and Contents

Among other subjects, makes reference to Winthrop Ames and the New Theatre (in French).

1908-1919
Box: 10 Folder : 29 Robertson, William
1919-1920
Box: 10 Folder : 30 Robilant, Marie de (General)
1918-1919
Box: 10 Folder : 31 Roberts, Elmer

Scope and Contents

Correspondent from The Associated Press's Paris Bureau. The 1915 letter includes a small photograph of Roberts; in his 1914-18 letters, Roberts comments on news he is hearing of military and diplomatic matters; from 1920-25, Roberts offers general thoughts about his meeting with Clemenceau and other matters; Roberts seeks to find information about French loans to America during the American Revolution and Hyde provides the detail.

1913-1931
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Robinson, Edward & Elisabeth

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns Hyde's donations (Union Library in Boston, 1901, and Lythgoe's Egyptian expedition, 1925) or potential donations (University Club, Boston, 1899) to various cultural projects. Also Hyde requests a reference for a researcher for his book on allegories; Robertson provides the name of Phila C. Nye. Most letters are from Edward; two undated letters are from Elisabeth.

1899-1903, 1921-1925
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Rockefeller, Jr., John D.

Scope and Contents

Primarily includes letters of introduction and related matters. Most substantively, Rockefeller introduces Hyde to Dr. Robert (or Richard) W. Corwin of the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company's Hospital. Rockefeller explains Corwin's mission to Europe to study the work of Doctors Carrel and Dakin to seek ideas for aiding those injured in mines; Hyde reports briefly back on Corwin's visit (1916). Rockefeller's letters date from 1916-18 and 1922. There are two 1910 notes from Edith Rockefeller McCormick, and these are generally courtesies.

1910, 1916-1922
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Rod, Edouard
1903-1908
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Rodin, Auguste
1904(?)-1912
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Ronciere, Charles de la
1922-1931
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Roussillon, Jean

Scope and Contents

Also includes a copy of one letter from Berthelot to Andre Tardieu.

1931-1932
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Roz, Firmin

Scope and Contents

Includes, among many other matters, notes on a meeting with Kingsley Porter (1923).

1912-1929
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Russell, Henry
1909-1916
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Ryan, Thomas Fortune

Scope and Contents

Early correspondence appears to relate primarily to matters concerning directorships of a bank and to Hyde's appointment of certain Equitable stock in his will. Later (1917) letters from Hyde are letters of introduction.

1903-1906, 1917
Box: 11 Folder : 10 S. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are Victorien Sardou; J.H. Sears: E.L. Spiers; Eugene Schneider; Jonkheer R. de Marees van Swinderen; George Saunders; V.P. Snyder of the Western National Bank, on various international financial matters (1902); Comte de Saint Aulaire.

1902-1930
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Sabine, Wallace C. & Jane K.

Scope and Contents

Seems to be concerned primarily with Sabine's involvement in medical and relief work, with Hyde offering support and introductions. Many of Sabine's letters are on the letterhead of the Clinique Miremont in Leysin. Included is a copy of a letter from Jerome Greene of the Rockefeller Foundation explaining their willingness to support any campaign against tuberculosis in France authorized by the government.

1916-1917
Box: 11 Folder : 12 Sachs, Paul J.

Scope and Contents

Among other matters, Hyde acts as intermediary for arrangements to bring Adolfo Venturi to Harvard to give courses in the Department of Fine Arts (1927); request that Hyde approach Bernard Berenson to give seminars at Fogg (1927); Hyde reports in outline on travels in Germany, apparently with letters of introduction from Sachs (1928); Hyde requests Sachs to give a lecture tour in the French provinces, which Sachs agrees to (several letters regarding this matter, 1932 and later); Sachs, on his own and at Berenson's suggestions, asks Hyde for letters of introduction to and information about various collectors in France (1933).

1926-1935
Box: 11 Folder : 13 Schiff, Jacob

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns financial matters, including investments in the Conried Metropolitan Opera Company and the Fifth Avenue Trust Co. Reference to directorships of the Western National Bank.

1896-1904
Box: 11 Folder : 14 Schiff, Mortimer L.
1924-1930
Box: 11 Folder : 15 Serrigny, B. (General)

Scope and Contents

See also the folder Polos (Federation des Polos de France) for additional correspondence with Serrigny.

1917-1921
Box: 11 Folder : 16 Sharkey, Joseph E.

Scope and Contents

Sharkey is a correspondent for The Associated Press, and the correspondence with Hyde primarily concerns their observations about people they meet and world affairs. In a 1913 letter, Sharkey offers observations of Governor Woodrow Wilson; from 1913-1921, Sharkey is in the Tokyo Bureau and writes about the war and other matters in the Pacific; from 1925-1934, Sharkey is in the Geneva Bureau and the exchanges relate to European affairs.

1912-1934
Box: 11 Folder : 17 Sharp, George C.

Scope and Contents

Concerns the possibility of acquiring a portrait of Sharp's father for the American Chancery.

1932
Box: 11 Folder : 18 Sharp, William G

Scope and Contents

Primarily includes invitations, courtesies, letters of introductions and the like. Perhaps the most substantive is a February 1917 letter in which Ambassador Sharp expresses his full support for Woodrow's position on freedom of the seas.

1915-1922
Box: 11 Folder : 19 Siegfried, Jules
1902-1922, 1931-1935
Box: 11 Folder : 20 Societe Francaise de Secours aux Blesses Militaires
1915-1917
Box: 11 Folder : 21 Stillman, James
1908, 1915, 1917
Box: 11 Folder : 22 Stokes, Anson Phelps

Scope and Contents

Stokes describes the Institute of International Education and requests a donation (1929), and Stokes notes the success in France of Paul Sachs's lectures, with other comments (1933).

1929, 1933
Box: 11 Folder : 23 Stone, Melville E.
1909-1924
Box: 11 Folder : 24 Storrs, Ronald (Sir)
1931, 1933
Box: 11 Folder : 25 Strong, Eugenie (Mrs. Arthur Strong)
1914-1933
Box: 11 Folder : 26 T. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Holds one letter, from Thouvenel.

1912
Box: 11 Folder : 27 Talleyrand, Duchess de
1911, undated
Box: 11 Folder : 28-30 Tardieu, Andre (3 folders)
1906-1935
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Thenault, Georges (Capitaine)
1921-1933
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Thiebaut (at French embassies in Washington DC and in Bern)
1900-1903
Box: 12 Folder : 2A Thurwanger, Camille
1907-1913
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Tirard, Paul
1919-1930
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Tittoni, T.
1916, 1918
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Townsend, Reginald T.
1918-1919
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Tucker, Mona

Scope and Contents

This standalone letter from Tucker to Hyde was found in N-YHS's institutional archives correspondence, and moved here by the processing archivist, which explains the outlying date.

1953
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Untermyer, Samuel
1906-1908
Box: 12 Folder : 8 V. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents are Comte de Vogue; Ernest Van Dyke; E.H. Vigier; Paul Valery; K.M. Venizelos; Comte de San Martino Valperga; Henry Vignaud; Howard Vyse.

1902-1925
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Vacaresco, Helene
1907(?), 1929, 1932
Box: 12 Folder : 10 Van de Vyvere, A.
1915-1916
Box: 12 Folder : 11 Van Dyke, Henry

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns arrangements for Van Dyke's lectures in France.

1908-1913, 1921-1922
Box: 12 Folder : 12 Van Dyke, Paul
1919-1929
Box: 12 Folder : 13 Van Tyne, Claude H.
1913
Box: 12 Folder : 14 Vanderbilt, Alfred & Margaret

Scope and Contents

Concerns interest by Hyde in providing a prize for the Olympia Horse Show; there is also a letter concerning French interest in the New York Horse Show (1910-11). Holds two indentures/leases from Hyde to Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt for a stable in New York (West 58th Street between Broadway and Seventh Ave), 1907, 1909. Confirmation from Vanderbilt that he has signed papers for Equitable business matters.

1901, 1907-1911
Box: 12 Folder : 15 Veber, Pierre
1906-1908, 1918-1926
Box: 12 Folder : 16 Venturi, A. (Senatore)
1925-1927
Box: 12 Folder : 17 W. Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include, among others, Edith Wharton (accepting a lunch invitation, 1915, and informing Hyde she advised Madame Borel to affiliate with Madame de Billy, 1917); W.A. White; Hugh Campbell Wallace; Post Wheeler; Morgan (?) Weinberg; Henri Welchinger; Henry White; Charles Wyndham.

1906-1933
Box: 12 Folder : 18 Waddington, Mary King (Madame)
1907-1917
Box: 12 Folder : 19 Ward, J.Q.A. (John Quincy Adams)

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns the sculptor's work on a statuette of Hyde's father.

1899-1902
Box: 12 Folder : 20 Watterson, Henry (Colonel & Mme)

Scope and Contents

Hyde provides a detailed itinerary for his recommended travels in France.

1913,1916
Box: 12 Folder : 21 Weill, Felix

Scope and Contents

Extensive correspondence, the bulk of which is in French. It appears to relate primarily to matters concerning the Federation de l'Alliance Francaise Aux Etats-Unis et au Canada. Weill is Secretary General and Hyde is a Vice-President; the letters from Weill are generally on Federation letterhead.

1921-1927
Box: 12 Folder : 22 Westinghouse, George
1901-1904
Box: 12 Folder : 23 Weygand (General)
1917-1933
Box: 12 Folder : 24 Wilson, A.H. Hutton

Scope and Contents

3 letters primarily concerning Hyde's request that he and a John H. Finley (and their chauffeurs) be permitted to visit the British front; Wilson says permission needs to be granted through the British Military Attache instead of him.

1916-1917
Box: 12 Folder : 25 Wilson, H.B. (Admiral)
1918
Box: 12 Folder : 26 Winthrop, Henry Rogers & Alice

Scope and Contents

One letter relates to the Metropolitan Opera Company (1909). The other letters primarily concern an exchange of observations about relations between France and the U.S, and in the 1930s, observations about Germany and the European situation. References to Alice are to Winthrop's daughter and her engagement.

1909, 1921, 1929-1935
Box: 12 Folder : 27 Wister, Owen
1929, undated
Box: 12 Folder : 28 Wolfe, Elsie de

Scope and Contents

Primarily concerns de Wolfe recommending or commenting on certain furniture/decorative furnishings to Hyde.

1919-1926
Box: 12 Folder : 29 Woods, Lawrence C.
1917-1918
Box: 12 Folder : 30 Zaharoff, Basil
1927-1929
Box: 12 Folder : 31 Lecture at Nantes

Scope and Contents

Hyde's remarks were on the occasion of a celebration of the arrival of American troops in France. The folder holds his remarks, which are in French, and an English translation of them under the subject title "Franco-American Historical Relations from 1776 until 1914," which apparently was delivered the next day at Major General William Sibert's request to his officers. An oversize poster announcing the event was removed to an oversize folder.

1917 July 4
Folder: OS-Large Lecture at Nantes (2 of 2). Oversize

Scope and Contents

Oversize poster for the event.

1917 July 4
Box: 12 Folder : 32 Article "The Antithesis of Kaiserism: The Royal Return to Brussels"

Scope and Contents

An article or memoir written by Hyde describing his travels to Lille and elsewhere in Belgium shortly after the Germans left and as the royal family returned. In English.

1918 November
Box: 12 Folder : 33 "Lettres d'Alsace. Premiere lettre. L'Anniversarie de la Liberation Strasbourg"

Scope and Contents

Article written by Hyde describing his travels in Strasbourg beginning 22 November 1919. In French.

1919
Box: 12 Folder : 34 Speech at the Centennial of the Ecole Centrale des Arts & Manufactures, Paris

Scope and Contents

Text of Hyde's remarks, with related correspondence. In French.

1929 May

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Series II. Correspondence with Annie Fitch Hyde, circa 1891-1922. .73 Linear feet in 2 boxes

Scope and Contents

This series includes extensive correspondence, predominantly in English, between James Hazen Hyde (most commonly referred to here as "Caleb") and his mother, Annie Fitch Hyde (sometimes referred to here by her telegram name "Einna," which was the name used on the original files). There are a very few letters that are either from Hyde's father, Henry Baldwin Hyde, or include the father's notes added to some of Annie's letters. There are also a few letters to Hyde from his mother's caregivers, Camille (letters in French) and Rippe.

The earliest correspondence preserved in these files is primarily letters from Annie to Hyde. These are generally undated but the context indicates that these largely date from the 1890s while Hyde is away at school. Annie's letters make clear that Hyde routinely wrote to her, and she reciprocated with short affectionate notes about family updates, health, travels, and the like. By about 1899, typed copies of Hyde's letters appear in the files and for the balance of the files, Hyde's outgoing letters predominate, with occasional telegrams from Annie. There is relatively little correspondence for about 1903-1906, but there are many carbon copies of Hyde's letters to his mother from about 1907 to her death in mid-1922. Hyde wrote regularly to his mother, and these letters place on emphasis on noting who he dined or socialized with throughout the week, though the letters seldom mention the substance of conversations at these meetings. Hyde traveled with some frequency and he wrote in some detail about these trips, including those to Singapore, Guatemala, and many locations in Europe and in France. He wrote of lectures he gave, observations during World War I (though, as he notes, these are constrained by the censors), assistance given to the Red Cross during the war, his health, and the growth of his child, Henry. A certain tension surfaces at times in the letters, particularly over financial matters, which include Annie's sales of real estate, Hyde's finances, investments, and their handling of the Henry Baldwin Hyde estate.

Arrangement

The original order of the series was, roughly, reverse chronological. To facilitate use, the documents were rearranged to a chronological order. Undated letters, which are mostly from Annie and are likely from the 1890s-1900s, are in the opening folders. Pins were used extensively by Hyde to connect pages of documents; these were removed during processing so care should be taken during use not to mix the sheets up.

Processing Information

The series was processed by archivist Jennifer Gargiulo.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 13 Folder : 1-9 Correspondence with Annie Hyde (9 of 16 folders)
circa 1891-1912, undated
Box: 14 Folder : 1-7 Correspondence with Annie Hyde (7 of 16 folders)
1913-1922

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Series III. Correspondence Concerning Federation de l'Alliance Francaise, 1898-1935 (bulk 1902-1908, 1922-1933). 1.67 Linear feet in 4 boxes

Biographical / Historical

In 1902, Hyde perceived that there were various groups throughout the United States and Canada active in extending the knowledge of French language, literature and art in those countries. He consequently founded an organization linking all these societies together: the Federation of French Alliances in the United States and Canada (Federation de l'Alliance Francaise aux Etats-Unis et au Canada). Among the Franco-American societies affiliated with the Federation, and represented in this collection, was the l'Alliance Francaise de New York. A principal activity of the central organization was bringing French lecturers to tour the countries. Hyde became the first president of the Federation and the secretariat was located in the offices of the Equitable. In 1903, Hyde was succeeded in the presidency by Julian Leroy White of the Alliance Francaise of Baltimore. In subsequent years, with Hyde's departure from the Equitable and the United States, especially after about 1908, he was no longer involved with the Alliance or Federation, though he continued to be involved with cultural exchanges in France. In the early 1920s, new leadership of the Federation, notably President Frank D. Pavey, reached out to Hyde for financial assistance, eventually leading to Hyde's renewed engagement with the organization from 1922 forward.

Scope and Contents

The series includes correspondence concerning the Federation de l'Alliance Francaise aux Etats-Unis et au Canada and related organizations in France and the United States. The correspondence divides between two periods, from about 1900 to about 1915 and from 1921 to 1935. The gap relates to Hyde's relative lack of involvement in the Federation at that time.

For the earlier period, Hyde's correspondence is principally with the officers of the Federation, its affiliated chapters in various cities of the United States, and officers of the sponsoring Alliance in Paris. Much of this earlier correspondence is directed to or from L.V. Gofflot, the Secretary General of the Federation. Among the many correspondents are Felix Weill, J. LeRoy White, L. Fiedler, Henry Cachard, W.H. Perkins, Rene Millet, Camille Thurwanger, A. Bousquet, Maxime Ingres, Henry L. Rippe, F. C. de Sumichrast, Anatole Le Braz, Julien Tiersot, Vicomte G. d'Avenel, Robert Lebaudy, Alcee Fortier, M. Jusserand, George Lamouret, E.H. Goulesque, Frank L. Warren Jr., Camille Gorde, and Henry Bargy. In the later period, the bulk of the correspondence is with the Federation's President Frank Pavey and Secretary General Felix Weill.

The contents are primarily in French, though the later correspondence from Pavey is most commonly in English. The subject matter often concerns plans for lecturers from France to tour America, but administrative, governance, and financial matters are also discussed. The correspondence of 1922 includes reference to the reasons for Hyde reducing his activity in the Federation and his interest in re-engaging at that time.

Arrangement

The documents have largely been left as found by the processing archivist, with some changes. The material was largely ordered in reverse chronological sequence; this remains the case in most instances, though some documents wee re-arranged to a straight chronological order to facilitate use. Many folders originally had what seemed to be several documents of outlying dates; these were smoothed in most cases to focus folders on more narrow time periods. Also, many documents were fastened with pins, but these were removed.

Processing Information

The series was processed by archivists Jennifer Gargiulo and Larry Weimer.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 15 Folder : 1-4 Correspondence. Alliance Francaise de Paris (4 folders)

Scope and Contents

Correspondence to Hyde from the Secretary General and others of the Alliance in Paris.

1898-1908
Box: 15 Folder : 5-8 Correspondence. Federation de l'Alliance (4 folders)

Scope and Contents

The first of these three folders holds undated documents, which appear to date from circa 1902-1908. The second folder of the set holds various documents found together by the archivist dating from 1904-1908. The third folder begins the more ordered run of dated documents, starting principally with 1902 (there is one document each from 1900 and 1901).

1900-1908
Box: 16 Folder : 1-7 Correspondence. Federation de l'Alliance (7 folders)

Scope and Contents

Among the many correspondents are Frank L. Warren, Jr., Felix Weill, J. LeRoy White, Camille Gorde, L. Fiedler, A. Bousquet, Maxime Ingres, Henry Cachard, W.H. Perkins, Rene Millet, Camille Thurwanger, Henry L. Rippe, F. C. de Sumichrast, Anatole Le Braz, A. Piatt Andrew, Julien Tiersot, Vicomte G. d'Avenel, Coudert Brothers.

1905-1906
Box: 16 Folder : 8 Copypress letterbook.

Scope and Contents

About 500 sheets of outgoing correspondence from Hyde and Gofflot. Correspondent index at back of volume.

1906-1907 January
Box: 17 Folder : 1-2 Correspondence. Federation de l'Alliance (2 folders)
1907-1915
Box: 17 Folder : 3-4 Documents Divers. Federation de l'Alliance (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

These two folders hold, among other documents, print matter related to the University of Grenoble's Committee of Patronage of Foreign Students, Alliance Francaise a Cincinnati, Bulletins, lists of lecturers, descriptions of the Alliance, and other documents concerning the Federation de l'Alliance Francaise aux Etats Unis et au Canada and the Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard (post-Hyde student years).

1898-circa 1907
Box: 17 Folder : 5-7 Correspondence. Federation l'Alliance (3 folders)
1921-1926
Box: 18 Folder : 1-7 Correspondence. Federation l'Alliance (7 folders)
1927-1935

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Series IV. Diaries, 1922-1940. 12 Linear feet in 12 record cartons

Scope and Contents

Hyde began maintaining a diary in early 1922, and he continued the practice until 1940 when the Nazis invaded France and he prepared to return to the United States after more than 30 years. Filling 94 loose leaf binders, the diaries' physical bulk consists of newspaper clippings and other print matter from American, French, British, and German publications glued to backing paper, sometimes with Hyde's brief, typed comments. A principal example are obituaries or other articles referring to a person's death; on these, Hyde typically recalled the extent of his relationship with the person, his impressions, and perhaps an anecdote. Threaded throughout the volumes are pages with Hyde's daily journal entries. These are typewritten, and references in the diaries (as well as occasional phonetic misspellings of English words) suggest that they were maintained by Hyde's secretaries at his dictation/direction rather than directly by his hand. The pages of each volume are numbered and many (perhaps all) volumes have an index to their content. The entries are in English, except that Hyde rendered quotations in French when, presumably, that is how he originally heard them, and in cases where Hyde used French to better express himself on a point. The clippings and other print matter are mostly English and French, but there are also a sizable number in German.

Each daily entry extends to no more than two typed pages, and typically they are less than one full page. The general content of the entries is fairly consistent: an outline of Hyde's activities for the day with reference to the names of individuals he dined with, traveled with, attended a cultural event with, or otherwise encountered during the day, and to his physical condition. To these Hyde would commonly add a brief judgment, such as whether a person was pleasant or attractive, conversation interesting or not, the quality of a theatrical performance, museum exhibition, or other cultural event. The range of Hyde's social connections is impressive and includes American, French, British, and German diplomats, politicians, journalists and editors, industrialists and financiers, military officers, art historians and other academics, and individuals from the worlds of classical music and the theatre. Despite the richness of his connections, Hyde is inconsistent at documenting the substance of his many conversations. He documents various anecdotes, gossip, points of history, and other items of interest he hears but these seem lean compared to the settings and individuals involved. He seems most descriptive when discussing visits to museums, performances and other cultural matters. He seems the most reserved in conveying insight into himself, his business/financial matters, and his opinions on geopolitical events. It may be that the intermediation of secretaries, as well as his status as a foreigner living in France and his travels in countries such as Hitler's Germany and Mussolini's Italy, called for discretion in deciding what to dictate and have written down.

Despite its shortcomings, the diaries do trace the experience of a wealthy, knowledgeable American expatriate in France from the years after World War I to the invasion of France early in World War II. Hyde's observations primarily concern geopolitics and culture, flavored with social gossip. Various observations, speculations, opinions about Germany and its relation to France and the rest of Europe are recorded here and there, and become more frequent and darker in the late 1930s, especially during the German annexations in 1938 of Austria and the Sudetenland. In this context, a notable thread that also appears increasingly over time in the diaries is Hyde's identification of individuals who are Jews; this is especially jarring as individuals Hyde often interacts with in the diaries (e.g., Hans Tietze) are suddenly referenced in that light.

Hyde frequently attends the opera and theatre, and even movies, perhaps especially when traveling to Berlin, Vienna, and London. The diaries include many of the programs he collected at these performances. The stage actors Sacha Guitry and Yvonne Printemps appear frequently in Hyde's diary and there are some programs from their performances of Guitry's plays.

In processing the diaries, the archivist skimmed Hyde's entries and attempted to identify any particular items of interest in the folder level scope notes below. The absence of any note at the folder level simply indicates that the above summary likely captures the general content of that volume. The folder level scope notes also outline when Hyde was traveling outside France; they do not necessarily document his travel within France or within a country he visited. The scope notes attempt to identify entries with some biographical significance concerning Hyde. These notes were developed within time constraints and so patrons should not rely exclusively on them.

Arrangement

The diaries are in their original chronological order, by volume. For conservation reasons, the diary pages were removed from the original binders and placed in archival folders. The folders, as presented in the container list, retain the content structure of the original binders, most of which were discarded. A few of the original binders were retained as examples and these are noted in the container list.

Processing Information

The volumes were inventoried by intern Aaron Roffman; contents removed from the original binders and foldered by archival intern Alec Ferretti; and descriptive notes added by archivist Larry Weimer.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of James Hazen Hyde, September 1948.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 19 Folder : 1 Diary, 1922 January-May (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

Among others, records meetings with Ambassador Herrick, Count Bertrand d'Aramond, Norwegian minister de Wedel-Jarlsberg, General Mangin, Andre Tardieu, Marshal Foch, Hughes Le Roux, former Ambassador Wallace, French minister Sarraut, financier Andre Benac (who tells an anecdote concerning Benac's view of what sparked the start of World War I), embassy counsellor Sheldon Whitehouse, Adolph Ochs. Travels to Spain in April-May, and records in detail conversations, art, impressions while traveling largely with the Bynes.

1922
Box: 19 Folder : 2-3 Diary, 1922 June-December (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Summarizes his meeting with Georges Clemenceau (October 14), primarily concerning advice on Clemenceau's upcoming trip to the U.S.

1922
Box: 19 Folder : 4-5 Diary, 1923 January-March (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

In reaction to the death of Sarah Bernhardt, Hyde recalls her performances and his occasional meetings with her. Includes a letter from Associated Press journalist Joseph E. Sharkey with his typed article as submitted about Andre Tardieu, acknowledging that it was the outcome of a dinner with Hyde.

1923
Box: 19 Folder : 6-7 Diary, 1923 April-July (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Includes summaries of discussions with Mortimer Schiff (of Kuhn, Loeb) and Ivy Lee about the economic situation in Europe, specifically an Austrian loan (Lee returns to the loan in detail in the diary for March 22, 1924). Includes a page of Vogue magazine that has a photo of Mrs. James Hazen Hyde and her son (page 136 of the diary).

1923
Box: 19 Folder : 8-9 Diary, 1923 August-October (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Appointed Grand Officer of French Legion d'Honneur.

1923
Box: 19 Folder : 10-11 Diary, 1923 November-December (2 folders)
1923
Box: 19 Folder : 12-13 Diary, 1924 January-February (2 folders)
1924
Box: 19 Folder : 14-15 Diary, 1924 March-April (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Recounted a story regarding antique furniture owned by a friend, which was taken by Germany and subsequently returned to its owners multiple times.

1924
Box: 20 Folder : 1 Diary, 1924 May-June (with original binder)
1924
Box: 20 Folder : 2-3 Diary, 1924 June-September (2 folders)
1924
Box: 20 Folder : 4-5 Diary, 1924 October-December (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Traveled to Egypt and along the Nile wth Cook's Service, beginning in November. Visits the camp of Professor Reisner of Harvard with Madame Foucard, as well as several other ancient sites. Comments on the restrictions placed on foreign archeologists by the Egyptian government. Also visits the president of American University and others, and makes observations about the culture, architecture, military, politics, etc. The account of the trip continues in the next two diaries.

1924
Box: 20 Folder : 6 Diary, 1925 January-February

Scope and Contents

Account of Hyde's visit to Egypt continues for this entire diary. On February 3, he meets with Professor Breasted who explains his process for photographing and documenting the hieroglyphics found (he meets with Breasted on later dates in the diary as well). Includes typescripts of letters from Ronald Storrs writing from Jerusalem seeking support for a cultural center that would unite peoples across the region's religions. On February 10, Hyde describes his meeting with King Fouad I.

1925
Box: 20 Folder : 7 Diary, 1925 March-April

Scope and Contents

Hyde's Egyptian trip ends in early March. He goes to Italy, where he briefly meets the Pope in Rome (March 25); he returns to Versailles by early April.

1925
Box: 20 Folder : 8 Diary, 1925 May-July

Scope and Contents

Page 47 of the diary is a supplement to the European edition of the New York Herald that includes some photos of Hyde's Paris residence.

1925
Box: 20 Folder : 9 Diary, 1925 August-October

Scope and Contents

Attended the exhibition of Decorative Arts at least three times and is impressed with its beauty and influence.

1925
Box: 20 Folder : 10 Diary, 1925 November-December (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

Traveled to Geneva, visited the League of Nations. Commented that Switzerland itself was a difficult country to govern due to it being home to a multitude of cultures and languages. Traveled on to Italy, specifically Milan and Rome. Begins to think that Germany can remain stable, however the disposition of Mussolini in Italy would lead to civil war.

1925
Box: 21 Folder : 1 Diary, "Supplement Coupures," October 1924-April 1926

Scope and Contents

Contains only newspaper clippings (in French) with little commentary and no diary entries.

1924-1926
Box: 21 Folder : 2 Diary, 1926 January-March

Scope and Contents

Attended a meeting for the committee of the statue commemorating the battle of the Marne, which included the sculptor MacMonnies. Ambassador Herrick also attended, and Hyde recounts favorable anecdotes Herrick told about Aristide Briand. Includes a letter from Franz Boas requesting financial support for the Emergency Society for German and Austrian Science and Art.

1926
Box: 21 Folder : 3-4 Diary, 1926 April-June (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Travels to London for an extended stay. Has dinner with the American ambassador, Lady Astor, and many others. Visits theatres, museums, private collections, and shops for artworks. His diary about the trip extends briefly into July, in the next volume.

1926
Box: 21 Folder : 5-6 Diary, 1926 July-November (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

See also the following diary, which includes out-of-sequence pages for early July when Hyde was in London.

1926
Box: 21 Folder : 7 Diary, 1926 July, November-December; 1927 January

Scope and Contents

This diary holds the early weeks of July 1926, when Hyde was still in London, then jumps to November 1926. The gap months are in the previous volume. Travels to Genoa from late November to mid-December; this trip appears to be centered primarily on cultural visits. Afterward he goes to Rome, where his visit is the usual mix of politics, geopolitics, economics, culture, etc.; describes at length a pontifical mass he attended (December 31, 1926). On December 26, he dines with Countess Matuschka, who appears several times in later entries; she is likely the Countess he marries in 1930.

1926-1927
Box: 21 Folder : 8-9 Diary, 1927 February-May (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Account of trip to Rome continues to March; has glimpse of Mussolini on horseback and has a favorable impression.

1927
Box: 21 Folder : 10 Diary, "Voyage Londres" 1927 May-July

Scope and Contents

Travels to London in mid-May and is there throughout this diary.

1927
Box: 21 Folder : 11 Diary, 1927 August-December (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

London trip ends at start of diary, on August 2.

1927
Box: 22 Folder : 1 Diary, 1928 January-March
1928
Box: 22 Folder : 2 Diary, 1928 March-May

Scope and Contents

Traveled to Berlin with side trips to Potsdam, begining April 12. Saw a "speaking cinema," went to the theatre, visited cultural sites and museums, shopped for artwork. Among others saw Friedlander, Kahn, Breasted, Wiegand. Makes reference to Berlin being a "paradise" for Jews (page 358 of the diary).

1928
Box: 22 Folder : 3 Diary, 1928 June-August

Scope and Contents

Account of his trip to Berlin continues; leaves Berlin on June 25, stopping in Baden-Baden before arriving back at Versailles on July 16.

1928
Box: 22 Folder : 4 Diary, 1928 September-November
1928
Box: 22 Folder : 5 Diary, 1928 November-1929 January

Scope and Contents

Includes many clippings (one with a photograph) concerning Hyde's receipt of the Grand Croix of the Legion of Honor.

1928-1929
Box: 22 Folder : 6 Diary, 1929 January-February (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

Looked at past philosophical works, including Voltaire. Did not enjoy their works as a form of poetry, but understood this was contemporary writing for the 18th century.

1929
Box: 22 Folder : 7 Diary, 1929 March-April

Scope and Contents

Travels to the Riviera for March and into mid-April. Extensive clippings on the death of Ambassador Myron Herrick, a major presence in Hyde's diaries.

1929
Box: 22 Folder : 8 Diary, 1929 May-July
1929
Box: 22 Folder : 9 Diary, 1929 July-October

Scope and Contents

On September 28, Hyde spends the day with Countess Matuschka, who tells him of some of her experiences during the years of World War I. She appears in several entries around this time. The diary includes a copy of the program for Guitry's "Histoires de France" performed at the Theatre Pigalle.

1929
Box: 22 Folder : 10 Diary, 1929 November-December (1 of 2 folders)

Scope and Contents

In November, visits Wiesbaden, Mainz, Frankfurt, Cologne, and elsewhere in Germany (at least in part with Herbert Haseltine and Raymond Recouly); makes several observations about German-French relations in the Rhineland and military matters, as well as cultural visits. On the occasion of Clemenceau's death, Hyde records various personal and second hand recollections of the former prime minister.

1929
Box: 23 Folder : 1 Diary, 1929 November-December (1 of 2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Substantive summary of Hyde's meeting with Minister of the Interior André Tardieu (December 5), principally concerning French-German relations, and Hyde's first meeting with and advice to the new US Ambassador, Walter Edge (December 18). In reaction to a newspaper piece recalling Henry Frick's death in 1919, Hyde expresses bitterness about Frick in relation to the "Equitable row."

1929
Box: 23 Folder : 2 Diary, 1930 January-March (with original binder)
1930
Box: 23 Folder : 3 Diary, 1930 April-June

Scope and Contents

Hyde travels to Germany, including Frankfurt, Dresden, Nuremberg, and Munich, beginning on April 14 and continuing through the entire volume. Initially meets with French General Guillaumat who believes there will be another war with Germany, which is building a military superior to that of France. Most of the entries concern visits to private collections, museums, and residences.

1930
Box: 23 Folder : 4-5 Diary, 1930 July-September (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Hyde's travels in Germany continue, in Munich, ending late July; he visits collections there with Countess Matuschka.

1930
Box: 23 Folder : 6 Diary, 1930 October-November

Scope and Contents

In October, the Countess Matuschka visits Hyde in Versailles, seeing his house for the first time; on October 28, a passing reference to his engagement to her. A couple of related clippings (with pictures) at page 101-102.

1930
Box: 23 Folder : 7 Diary, 1930 December

Scope and Contents

Includes Hyde's entry of December 8, the day of his wedding to Ella Matuschka; includes clippings, some with photos of the couple at the wedding, with Andre Tardieu.

1930
Box: 23 Folder : 8 Diary, 1931 January-February
1931
Box: 23 Folder : 9 Diary, 1931 March-May
1931
Box: 24 Folder : 1-2 Diary, 1931 June-August (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

On June 15, Hyde travels to begin a trip to London, returning to France in early July. On June 16, notes his decision to write a letter of separation from his wife, Ella, who is in Italy.

1931
Box: 24 Folder : 3 Diary, 1931 September-October

Scope and Contents

Travels to Berlin and Potsdam beginning September 30, with Raymond Recouly for much of the trip, ending on October 21. Some individuals he visits voice negative views on the situation in Germany, referring to the Nazis, anti-Semitism, and the financial conditions. He saw a shop in Berlin where silk stockings were mounted on a wax nude figurine, rather than on legs only, and he found this indecent. He describes at length a play by Karl Heinz Martin he sees in the communist quarter of Berlin and comes away impressed.

1931
Box: 24 Folder : 4 Diary, 1931 November-December

Scope and Contents

On December 1, meets the King of Spain at the Chateau de Champs with Dr. Hensler, Cahen d'Anvers, and others.

1931
Box: 24 Folder : 5 Diary, 1932 January-February

Scope and Contents

Includes a panoramic night photo of Harvard across the water (page 49). Includes a photo of Hyde at the Institut d'Aix en Provence, February 18 (page 170).

1932
Box: 24 Folder : 6 Diary, 1932 June-August

Scope and Contents

There is no diary in the collection for March-May 1932. This diary begins in June with Hyde traveling in Germany, until late June. Citizen's arriving late to an opera led to the belief that Germany had lost its sense of discipline since the Reich's takeover.

1932
Box: 24 Folder : 7 Diary, 1932 September-October

Scope and Contents

Includes clippings, program, ephemera, and entries concerning the dedication of Frederick MacMonnies's Marne monument (early-mid September). Hyde is married for a third time, on October 8, to Mme. Thome (commonly referred to as "T" or "Tommie" in the entries). On October 17, they travel to London.

1932
Box: 24 Folder : 8 Diary, 1932 November-December

Scope and Contents

Includes a "listes conferences et articles" from 1913-1918 by Hyde. Hyde's and his wife's visit in London continues, returning to France in early December.

1932
Box: 24 Folder : 9 Diary, 1933 January (with original binder)
1933
Box: 25 Folder : 1 Diary, 1933 February

Scope and Contents

On February 7, Hyde learns of the suicide of Henry Rippe, his "confidential secretary and friend" and "last link with my American business friends."

1933
Box: 25 Folder : 2 Diary, 1933 March
1933
Box: 25 Folder : 3 Diary, 1933 April-May
1933
Box: 25 Folder : 4 Diary, 1933 June-August

Scope and Contents

On August 17, Hyde dines with [Joseph] Duveen, among others, and recounts an anecdote told by Duveen of why he bought a picture at a Christie's auction from the Lord Baltimore collection at a price higher than its value.

1933
Box: 25 Folder : 5 Diary, 1933 September-October

Scope and Contents

On September 30, Hyde and his wife ("Tommie") travel on the Orient Express, arriving in Austria, especially Vienna. They are there for the rest of the diary. Among other activities (mostly cultural), they visit various churches and other cultural institutions, often with art historian Hans Tietze. Among the programs in the diary from this trip are those from the Wiener Philharmoniker (featuring Arturo Toscanini) and from the Burgtheater (featuring Richard Beer-Hofmann's Faust).

1933
Box: 25 Folder : 6 Diary, 1933 November-December

Scope and Contents

The Hydes's trip to Austria continues. On November 22, they travel to Berlin. They return to Paris on December 9. Hyde takes his son, Henry, now age 18, to the American Consulate to formalize Henry's intention to declare himself an American citizen.

1933
Box: 25 Folder : 7 Diary, 1934 January

Scope and Contents

On January 22, Hyde's son is in a car accident in England, but survives. Hyde meets with Sato, the Japanese ambassador to France.

1934
Box: 25 Folder : 8 Diary, 1934 February
1934
Box: 25 Folder : 9 Diary, 1934 March (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

The diary opens with a "memorandum" concerning the convention of 1932 between the U.S. and France on double taxation; the memo is dated "Paris, February 26, 1934" but its authorship is unattributed. The memo is in English, with a shorter French version. On March 3, Hyde visits Finance Minister Germain Martin at the request of American ambassador Straus; he summarizes the separate exchanges he had with Straus and Martin. On March 29, Hyde goes to Berlin with Helfer and Frank.

1934
Box: 26 Folder : 1 Diary, 1934 April-May

Scope and Contents

The Hydes's trip to Germany continues, through April 23, when they travel on to Czechoslovakia and Prague. On April 29, Hyde meets with President Masaryk. Leaves Czechoslovakia on May 19 for Poland (Cracow/Krakow and Warsaw). Left for Berlin on May 31 at the diary's close.

1934
Box: 26 Folder : 2 Diary, 1934 June-August

Scope and Contents

The diary opens in Berlin, but the trip ends on June 7.

1934
Box: 26 Folder : 3 Diary, 1934 September-October

Scope and Contents

The Hydes begin a trip to London on October 29.

1934
Box: 26 Folder : 4-5 Diary, 1934 November-December (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

The Hydes trip to London continues until December 7.

1934
Box: 26 Folder : 6 Diary, 1935 January-February
1935
Box: 26 Folder : 7 Diary, 1935 March-April

Scope and Contents

Hyde travels to Berlin on March 11, meeting and traveling with Hensler for part of the time there. He traveled on to Budapest on April 8 and Vienna on April 20.

1935
Box: 26 Folder : 8 Diary, 1935 May-June (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

Hyde's visit to Austria continues; his wife, Tommie, joins him from Paris on May 6. Handwritten documents, in German, from conductor Carl von Alwin at May 12 and June 4. Includes an extended summary of Hyde's conversation over supper with Ambassador Messersmith on May 24. On May 30, Hyde travels with Tietze to Linz and the surrounding area; along the way presumably Tietze (the name is cut out of the diary) tells Hyde of the increasing police power in Austria; later travels with Tommie in Salzburg and other parts of Austria. Arrives in Munich on June 13, then returning to Paris on June 17.

1935
Box: 27 Folder : 1 Diary, 1935 July-August

Scope and Contents

On August 18, Hyde receives notice that the German art historian Erwin Hensler died; Hensler appears frequently in Hyde's entries during his trips to Germany and here Hyde reflects on Hensler.

1935
Box: 27 Folder : 2 Diary, 1935 September

Scope and Contents

On September 16, Hyde meets with General Charles Sherrill, who had met with Hitler as arranged by the German ambassador Koster (see September 17). Sherrill voiced optimism about Germany, noting everyone seemed prosperous under Hitler's regime. Hyde disagrees, but appreciates "the propaganda value of dictators."

1935
Box: 27 Folder : 3 Diary, 1935 September-November

Scope and Contents

The diary opens on September 27, with Hyde traveling to Munich, where he visits Dr. Berliner, among others. On October 5, he goes on to Vienna, where he remains, traveling in the area, for the balance of the diary.

1935
Box: 27 Folder : 4 Diary, 1935 December

Scope and Contents

Hyde leaves Vienna on December 3 for Berlin (Tommie joins him there on December 12), where he remains for the balance of the diary. On December 21, Hyde is given a tour by Otto Meyer of the stadium and other buildings for the upcoming Olympics.Whether out of discretion or other reason, Hyde's entries for this trip seem to avoid almost all topics but cultural matters.

1935-1936
Box: 27 Folder : 5 Diary, 1936 January

Scope and Contents

The Hydes's trip to Berlin continues. A typescript of a letter to Hyde from Ambassador William Dodd is included at January 7, conveying a sense of potential danger to Germans who accept invitations from Dodd. On January 16, sees more of the Olympics facilities with Otto Meyer.

1936
Box: 27 Folder : 6 Diary, 1936 February

Scope and Contents

The Hydes continue in Germany. Attends the "Horse Show" (VII. Internationales Reit-Und Fahrturnier); the program is in the diary. On February 6, visits the Harnack Haus (illustrated booklet included in diary). On February 7, is given a tour of Dahlem by Dr. von Cranach, who points out the building in which poison gas was invented; Hyde observes Cranach smiling as he said it. The Hydes left Berlin for Paris on February 25. At the back of the diary is a draft and corrected draft of a document "Impressions de Voyage," in French and presumably written by Hyde upon his departure from Germany.

1936
Box: 27 Folder : 7 Diary, 1936 March-April

Scope and Contents

Diary includes the last day of February and May 1 in addition to the core March-April pages. Includes the checklist for the 1936 annual exhibition of the Cercle de l'Union Artistique. On March 11, Hyde met with Ambassador Straus and "left him some notes," possibly those found in the February 1936 diary. At page 93 are two original letters from Arthur Popham Pope, one to Hyde and the other to Mrs. Hyde, commenting at length on the European situation.

1936
Box: 27 Folder : 8 Diary, 1936 May

Scope and Contents

Met with friend who had returned from Italy and was enthusiastic about its state after meeting with Mussolini.

1936
Box: 27 Folder : 9 Diary, 1936 June-July

Scope and Contents

On June 4, Hyde takes the Orient Express to Vienna. On June 26 he goes to Semmering, Austria, for a few days before returning to Paris on July 3. At page 90, there is typescript of a letter from Louis Germain Martin (in French).

1936
Box: 27 Folder : 10 Diary, 1936 August-September

Scope and Contents

At page 81, includes a handwritten poem from the Alwyns to the Hydes; written on stationery of Pavillon de l'Ermitage at Versailles. On September 3, Hyde finds in old files lists of the directors of the various companies he was involved with in the United States (lists are in the diary at page 95); these include American Surety Company, Commercial Trust Company of Philadelphia, Equitable Life Assurance Society, Metropolitan Opera Company, New Theatre, and several others. There are several clippings, programs, etc. related to the celebration of Harvard's 300th anniversary.

1936
Box: 27 Folder : 11 Diary, 1936 October-November

Scope and Contents

The Hydes travel to Vienna on October 1 where they remain throughout this diary.

1936
Box: 27 Folder : 12 Diary, 1936 December-1937 January (1 of 2 folders)

Scope and Contents

The Hydes continue in Vienna. Stayed until December 21, when they left for Munich.

1936-1937
Box: 28 Folder : 1 Diary, 1936 December-1937 January (1 of 2 folders)

Scope and Contents

On January 1, the Hydes leave Munich for Berlin where they stay for this diary.

1936-1937
Box: 28 Folder : 2 Diary, 1937 February-March

Scope and Contents

Visit in Berlin continues. On February 8, Hyde met General Goering at a dinner at the French Embassy. Tommie left for Paris on February 14, but Hyde remained behind. On February 28, Hyde attends the Opera Ball, which Goering also attends. Hyde returns to Paris on March 4.

1937
Box: 28 Folder : 3 Diary, 1937 April-May
1937
Box: 28 Folder : 4 Diary, 1937 June-July
1937
Box: 28 Volume : 1 Diary, 1937 August-October (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

The diary opens with the Hydes apparently attending the dedication of the American Meuse-Argonne War Memorial (program included), then traveling to Austria and Germany, starting in Salzburg and Munich; returns to Paris on August 24. (This diary begins a new form of binder for the documents, which was used for the balance of the volumes; the first three original binders were retained as examples, with the remainder removed to folders.)

1937
Box: 28 Volume : 2 Diary, 1937 November-December (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

On November 1, Hyde travels to Munich with Helfer, Perrot and Frank, then on to Vienna on November 4; Tommie joins Hyde on December 6.

1937
Box: 28 Volume : 3 Diary, 1938 January-February (with original binder)

Scope and Contents

Visit to Vienna continues until February 1 when the Hydes go to Berlin.

1938
Box: 29 Folder : 1-2 Diary, 1938 March-April (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Hyde and his wife, Tommie's, travels in Germany continue. Goes to the Reichstag on March 19 to hear Hitler and Goering. Tommie returns to Paris in late March while Hyde goes on to London where he makes his typical rounds of embassies, social engagements, and cultural events, including going with Raymond Recouly to see "Nine Sharp" at the Little Theatre, among several others (programs included). On April 1, he attends a lunch given by the Foreign Press Association at which Viscount Halifax provides two anecdotes by way of illustrating the "English character." Tommie rejoins him in London in mid-April. The diary includes a picture postcard postmarked (with swastikas) from Austria featuring a drawing of Hitler. Hyde has meetings with Count Colleredo-Mansfield whose life in Austria has been ruined by the Nazis but is uncertain whether to return there or not.

1938
Box: 29 Folder : 3 Diary, 1938 May-July

Scope and Contents

The Hydes continue in London. On May 10, attends a gala perfomance of the ballet at the Sadler's Wells Theatre, given in the Queen's presence (program included). The Hydes return to Paris on May 18. On May 20, Hyde meets with architect Patrice Bonnet who seeks to build a musical center at Versailles; Hyde provides counsel as to the geopolitical implications of his plans. The King and Queen of England visit France on July 22 and Hyde describes some of the related events; the diary includes a related program and an identification card with photograph of Hyde.

1938
Box: 29 Folder : 4-5 Diary, 1938 August-November (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

In August, Hyde stayed at Aix-les-Bains for health reasons. On August 9, Hyde has lunch with a Reverend Pere Gillet who describes the Pope's anger with the pro-Nazi attitude of Austrian cardinal Innitzer, who explains it as related to Hitler's promise of special treatment to Austrian and German Catholics. On August 19, he meets with French ambassador to the U.S. Comte de Saint-Quentin and Hyde documents various anecdotes he hears related to American-German relations. Hyde's sister dies and he attends her funeral in Paris at the American Cathedral on September 9. On September 16 sees the film "Jeunesse Olympique" and bemoans the contrast between nations working together on sports, but not in other realms. On September 30, Hyde meets with Hugo Burghauser who explains he escaped from Austria with only his musical instruments and clothes, and is headed for New York. As the Czechoslovakia situation intensifies, France begins to mobilize for war; workers appear at Hyde's home in Versailles to plan defensive trenches. On October 23, has lunch with Hans Tietze and his wife who left Austria just before the Anschluss and are also heading for the U.S.

1938
Box: 29 Folder : 6-7 Diary, 1938 December-1939 February (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

The Hydes go to Cannes and the French Riviera in January. Visit Tardieu's new home at Menton on February 2 and provide description of it; the menu of their lunch is included.

1938-1939
Box: 29 Folder : 8-9 Diary, 1939 March-April (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Hyde travels to the Netherlands(the Hague, Amsterdam, Leeuwarden, etc.) beginning in mid-April, motors with Sarah Benton, visits bookdealers, antiquarians, and museums. On April 27, Hyde rides a diesel-electric train of the Netherlands Railways; diary includes itinerary, train description, and 3 photographs.

1939
Box: 29 Folder : 10-11 Diary, 1939 May-June (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Hyde's trip to the Netherlands continues until about May 6, primarily visiting art museums.

1939
Box: 30 Folder : 1-2 Diary, 1939 July-August (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

On July 4, a newspaper article about an 1874 kidnap victim, Charley Ross, causes Hyde to recall that the event had created fear at the time in Hyde's father and "poisoned" Hyde's youth. On July 6, attends and describes Sacha Guitry's fourth wedding (invitation in diary). On July 13, meets with Pierre Verlet of the Louvre, who will be cataloging Hyde's collection on the four parts of the world. July 19 includes a transcription of a letter and related obituary Hyde received from Naomi DesVernay regarding the death of her husband, William, an African-American who apparently worked for Hyde around 1900 and had expressed admiration to his wife about Hyde. On July 28, the Hydes travel to Geneva and elsewhere in Switzerland. On July 30 visits the Palais de la Societe des Nations and comments positively on the building. Had meetings with archaeologist Arthur Evans who was staying in the same hotel. On August 3, Hyde documents his visit with Henry de Rothschild. Hyde returns to Paris on August 23, noting that the German-Russian treaty will "complicate the situation which is already bad enough." August 24 includes a notice from the American Embassy advising American citizens to return to the U.S. In the following days, members of Hyde's household staff are mobilized for war and leave.

1939
Box: 30 Folder : 3A-B Diary, 1939 September-November (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

France declares war on Germany and Hyde discusses the mobilization, his concerns about his exposure at his home in Versailles, his attempts to make himself useful as during World War I, and other matters related to the opening of the war, though he continues his walks, social rounds, lunches at the Ritz, visits to the cinema, etc. During this time, John Jay Ide is staying as a guest at Hyde's home in Versailles. On September 22 he meets with Lefeuvre, formerly of the French Embassy in Berlin, who described the departure of the staff from the embassy. On November 3, Hyde notes "War is a very fatiguing and depressing affair," which captures the general tone of many of his entries at this time.

1939
Box: 30 Folder : 4-5 Diary, 1939 December-1940 February (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

Traveled to Switzerland (Bern) beginning January 10, returning on February 3, expressing comfort with being back with the French Army and Maginot Line. On February 6, sees the film "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington," which he likes.

1939-1940
Box: 30 Folder : 6-7 Diary, 1940 March-April (with original binder) (2 folders)

Scope and Contents

March 21 includes a carbon copy of a letter from a Dean to E.B. Close of the American Hospital of Paris regarding the American Hospital's and the Red Cross's plans for relief in France. On March 28, sees the "Jewish propaganda film" Apres Mein Kampf les Crimes and provides an extended critique and impressions of key scenes. At page 168 is a carbon copy of a memo from Paul Azan of the Comite Militaire Franco-Finlandais titled "L'Action en Scandinavie"; numbered as 30 and dated March 15; the memo is updated by number 51 dated April 6, also here, and number 54 dated April 19 (at page 212). 10 sheets total, all in French. On April 11, Hyde meets with his lawyer, Robinson, to finish his new will. The diaries end at April 30, a few weeks before the German invasion of France.

1940

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Series V. Cercle Francais and Other, Related Scrapbooks, 1894-1905. 2 Linear feet in 2 record cartons of bound volumes

Scope and Contents

The series includes seven scrapbooks concerning the Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard, one concerning the Alliance Francaise, one that has documents concerning both organizations, and one that relates to the visit of Harvard professor Barrett Wendell to France in 1905. The Cercle scrapbooks range from Hyde's entry in the club in 1894 to the end of his active involvement with it upon his departure for France in 1905. The first five Cercle scrapbooks, through 1900, are especially rich with correspondence and other documents reflecting Hyde's deep involvement as an energetic officer of the club and as the financial source for the annual lecture series he instituted in 1898. After 1900, the Cercle scrapbooks are mostly clippings with some ephemera. Nonetheless, the Cercle scrapbooks provide rich documentation of the organization's activities for the years they cover, notably in the expansion of the Cercle under Hyde from a local club catering to its members to one having a national and international reputation and impact. In addition to documentation of the lecture series, including the national reach of the lectures, the scrapbooks document the annual plays performed by the Cercle. Later years include images of the casts in costume. The scrapbooks do not hold any official records of the Cercle, such as meeting minutes or financial reports.

The one volume of material concerning the Alliance Francais includes mostly clippings for the years 1900-1903, but there is also informative program lists and other ephemera related to the Alliance's activities for the first few years of its existence. The Barrett Wendell scrapbook holds primarily clippings with some ephemera.

Processing Information

The series was processed by archivist Larry Weimer.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

All but the scrapbook concerning the Alliance Francaise were a gift of James Hazen Hyde in April 1947. The Alliance Francaise scrapbook was a gift from Hyde in October 1948, along with related correspondence (see Series III).

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 31 Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard Scrapbook (Vol. 1)

Scope and Contents

Includes, among other subjects, extensive documentation (correspondence, meeting transcript, legal opinions) concerning the 1897 conflict between the Cercle (i.e., Hyde) and Professor F.C. de Sumichrast, and Sumichrast's resignation as member and officer of the club. This event led to Hyde, then Vice-President, becoming President of the Cercle and the manner of his assertion of its independence of the Harvard French Department. Includes documents related to Hyde's creation of a $30,000 trust fund for lecturers, and the appearance of the first speaker, René Doumic, funded by the trust.

1894-1898
Box: 31 Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard Scrapbook (Vol. 2)

Scope and Contents

Includes, among many other subjects, a November 15 letter from Adolphe Cohn to Hyde describing the founding and early years of the Cercle (1886-89). Includes documents related to Hyde's activism as president at attempting to expand the Cercle's reputation nationally and internationally; these include correspondence with Ferdinand W. Peck, the Commissioner-General for the United States to the Paris Exposition of 1900, requesting space for the Cercle Francais at the U.S. exhibit.

1898
Box: 31 Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard Scrapbook (Vol. 3)

Scope and Contents

Among many other subjects, Hyde's efforts to have the Cercle represented at the 1900 Paris Exposition draw in U.S. Senator Thomas Platt and gain ground. Includes documentation of Edouard Roy's visit to the U.S. (Roy was the second lecturer funded by Hyde), including photographs of Roy on board a transatlantic steamer and the steamer's arrival (or departure). References to the Alliance Francais begin to appear in this volume as do Hyde's efforts to encourage the creation of other Cercles at other universities, including University of Pennsylvania.

1899
Box: 31 Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard Scrapbook (Vol. 4)

Scope and Contents

Includes, among many other subjects, arrangements for the third lecturer funded by Hyde, Henri de Régnier. Hyde gets approval for the Cercle to be represented at the Paris Exposition; the scrapbook includes correspondence related to the arrangements.

1899
Box: 32 Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard Scrapbook (Vol. 5)

Scope and Contents

Among other subjects, extensive clippings concerning the visit of Henri de Régnier to the U.S. Includes the cover page of "The Underwriter" insurance trade journal, featuring a profile photo of Hyde in connection with his appointment to the Legion of Honor; also many related clippings.

1900
Box: 32 Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard Scrapbook (Vol. 6)

Scope and Contents

Among other subjects, clippings related to the Cercle's medal-winning exhibit at the Paris Exposition, including an image of it from the press. Clippings related to Gaston Deschamps, the fourth lecturer funded by Hyde.

1900-1901
Box: 32 Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard Scrapbook (Vol. 7)

Scope and Contents

Among other subjects, clippings related to the fifth lecturer funded by Hyde, Hugues Le Roux. Later pages of the scrapbook also include clippings related to Hyde's activities with the Alliance Francaise.

1901-1903
Box: 32 Cercle Francais and Alliance Francaise Scrapbook

Scope and Contents

Includes various documents related to the five lecturers selected and funded by Hyde in 1898-1902(René Doumic, Edouard Roy, Henri de Régnier, Gaston Deschamps, Hugues Le Roux), including itineraries, lecture topics, university contacts for lecture arrangements, publicity, and cabinet card photographs of Roy, Régnier and Deschamps. Includes similar documents for lectures arranged by Hyde under the auspices of the Federation de l'Alliance Francaise aux Etats-Unis in 1903-1905; lecturers represented are Leopold Mabilleau, André Michel, Anatole Leroy-Beaulieu, Vincent de Wierzbicki, Robert Dupouey, René Millet, and Frantz Funck-Brentano.

1898-1905
Box: 32 Alliance Francaise Scrapbook (Vol. 1)

Scope and Contents

Clippings, membership lists, constitution and by-laws, invitations, lists of programs, and other ephemera. The circumstances of Hyde's election as president in 1902 are described in some English language clippings. (The binder refers to this as Volume 1 for the Alliance Francaise, but there are no other such volumes in the collection.)

1900-1903
Box: 31 Barrett Wendell Scrapbook

Scope and Contents

Primarily clippings concerning the lectures in Paris of Harvard Professor Barrett Wendell. Also, an advertising piece for a performance of Barrett's play "Raleigh in Guiana." There are also a few Alliance Francaise documents in the scrapbook related to governance and Hyde's voting proxy.

1905

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Series VI. Legion of Honor Letter Books, 1921, 1923, 1928. .83 Linear feet in two boxes of bound volumes

Scope and Contents

7 bound volumes of cards and letters sent to Hyde upon his promotions within the French government's Legion of Honor (Légion d'honneur). Volumes 1 and 2 include letters from 1921 when Hyde was promoted to the rank of Commander (Commandeur). (He had first been elected to the Legion as a Chevalier in 1900.) Volumes 3 and 4 include letters from 1923 when Hyde was promoted to Grand Officer (Grand officier). Volumes 5-7 include letters from his promotion in 1928 to Grand Cross (Grand-croix). Volume 5 includes a letter and artwork from artist Ferdinand Bac. Most letters are in French, a few in German.

Arrangement

The volumes are in original order and binding. Within each set of volumes (1921, 1923, 1928), the letters are in alphabetical order by correspondent.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of James Hazen Hyde, April 24, 1957 (transmittal letter for donation is inside front cover of Volume 1).

Processing Information

The series was processed by archivist Larry Weimer.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 33 Letter Books, Volumes 1-4
1921, 1923
Box: 34 Letter Books, Volumes 5-7
1928

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Series VII. Henry Baldwin Hyde Memorial Books, 1874, 1894, 1899-1900. 7.83 Linear feet in 6 oversize bound volumes

Scope and Contents

The series includes six oversize bound volumes of condolence letters and related documents in connection with the death of Henry Baldwin Hyde in 1899. Most of the letters appear to be from agents and others associated with the Equitable in the United States and abroad. The contents of the volumes are:

Volume I: Opens with a photograph of H.B. Hyde and a few photographs of the casket at the funeral (held at Fifth Avenue Presbyterian) and of the entrance to the Equitable building. Documents that follow include the text of Rev. Van Dyke's eulogy; Board resolutions from the Equitable and other companies/organizations regarding Hyde's death; text of speech by agent Joseph Bowes at an agents convention in July on the subject "What Mr. Hyde Has Done for the Life Insurance Agent"; telegram cables from agents, employees and insurance industry; and calling cards. In addition there is an extract of minutes from the January 1874 Equitable Board meeting with remarks concerning the death of Henry H. Hyde; an 1894 letter from Chauncey Depew to Henry Baldwin Hyde with complimentary remarks; and a 1900 letter to James Hazen Hyde from the Chamber of Commerce thanking him for a portrait of his father.

Volume II: Includes condolence letters addressed to Mrs. Hyde; these are in alphabetical order, with correspondents A-S in this volume.

Volume III: Conclusion of letters addressed to Mrs. Hyde. These are followed by letters addressed to James Hazen Hyde, correspondents A-J. Isabella Gardner and William James are two notable names that appear.

Volume IV: Continues with condolence letters addressed to James Hazen Hyde, correspondents K-S. Notable names are: Adolph Ochs of the New York Times writes of Hyde's support for him and the newspaper; U.S. senator T.C. Platt regrets he cannot attend the funeral; and George B. Post responds to Hyde's request for a meeting to discuss a monument to his father.

Volume V: Concludes the letters addressed to Hyde, correspondents S-W. Following these are condolence letters addressed to the principal officers of the Equitable (e.g., James Alexander, William McIntyre).

Volume VI: Concludes the letters addressed to Equitable officers (e.g., George P. Wilson, William Alexander). Includes on page 469 a copy of the outgoing letter Wilson sent to a few correspondents in which he discusses Hyde's final illness.

Conditions Governing Access

Volume I is exceptionally oversize and heavy, requiring two people to transport it to the Reading Room. Accordingly, a confirmed appointment is needed to view the volume in order that transport arrangements can be made.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of James Hazen Hyde, January 17, 1946

Processing Information

The series was processed by archivist Larry Weimer.

Container 1     Title Date
Volume: I Memorial Book, Volume I

Conditions Governing Access

Volume I is exceptionally oversize and heavy, requiring two people to transport it to the Reading Room. Accordingly, a confirmed appointment is needed to view the volume in order that transport arrangements can be made.

1874, 1894, 1899, 1900
Volume: II Memorial Book, Volume II
1899
Volume: III Memorial Book, Volume III
1899
Volume: IV Memorial Book, Volume IV
1899
Volume: V Memorial Book, Volume V
1899
Volume: VI Memorial Book, Volume VI
1899

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Series VIII. Photographs and Certificates, circa 1880s-1953. 1.5 Linear feet in two folders (one oversize)

Scope and Contents

The series includes a small number of photographs and three certificates. The photographs include one by Peter A. Juley & Sons of an 1859 solicitation letter from Henry Baldwin Hyde requesting that the recipient purchase an insurance policy of the still being formed Equitable; three of Hyde on horseback or in carriages (1899-1903); one of Hyde as a boy in carriage with father in front of their Bay Shore, L.I. home (oversize); one of Henry Baldwin Hyde taken by Pirou of Paris (oversize, circa 1900); five of paintings of Hyde's father (Henry Baldwin Hyde, one oversize), mother (Annie Fitch Hyde), and grandfather (Henry Hazen Hyde); one of the exterior of Hyde's house in Paris when used as Hopital Auxiliaire 79 during World War I; and Hyde in New York with the president of Equitable and the pastor of Fifth Avenue Presbyterian (1950s). There are also photocopies of other photos of carriages; the originals of at least some of these can be found in the Department of Prints, Photographs and Architectural Collections' Subject File (PR 68) under the category "TRANSPORTATION - VEHICLES - CARRIAGES AND COACHES."

Certificates include: diploma from Harvard (1898), diploma from Princeton (1903), commission as Inspector at rank of Captain from American National Red Cross (1918), Foreign Service Certificate from the Red Cross for work as aide to the Commissioner to France from September 1917-February 1919, and recognition from Harvard for Hyde's efforts in promoting relations between Harvard and French universities (1923).

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The items in the series were donated at varous times in the 1940s-1950s by Hyde. The specific dates are noted on the back of most of the items. Items dated 1960 were donated by Hyde's estate.

Processing Information

Hyde's (and his estate's) donations of photographs and certificates were separated at the time and placed in various library collections based on format and content. During processing in December 2019, archivist Larry Weimer recovered some of these materials and placed them with the Hyde papers. These included two folders of photographs that had been in the general Portrait File and five certificates from the general Certificate File.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 10 Photographs
circa 1880s-1953
Folder: OS-Small Photographs (oversize)
circa 1880s-1900
Folder: OS-Small Certificates
1898-1923

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