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Guide to the Papers of Richard Varick
1743-1871 (Bulk 1775-1830)
  MS 655

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
Phone: (212) 873-3400


@ 2011 New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by Shannon Yule

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on November 04, 2011
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

 
Title: Richard Varick Papers
Dates: 1743-1871 (bulk 1775-1830)
Abstract: Richard Varick, born in New Jersey, 1753, served as Captain, deputy muster-master-general, and George Washington's secretary during the Revolutionary war. He was appointed one of the first mayors of New York and served from 1789-1801. He died in 1831. His papers contain items resulting from his military, legal, and political careers, as well as personal and familial correspondence and accounts--including letters received, drafts of letters sent, accounts, receipts, military orders, inventories, muster and pay rolls, military pay accounts, indentures, court-martial papers and civil court papers.
Quantity: 2.5 Linear feet (5 boxes)
Location note: Manuscript cage
Call Phrase: MS 655

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Biographical Note

1753 Mar. 23 Born in Hackensack, NJ. Son of John Varick.
1775 Captain in Alexander McDougall's regiment
1775 July 1 Appointment by General Phillip Schuyler as his secretary
1776 Sept. 25 Appointed by Congress as Deputy muster-master-general
1777 Apr. 10 Lieutenant-colonel
1780 Inspector-general at West Point, and first aide-de-camp to General Benedict Arnold
1781 Recording secretary for General Washington
1784-1789 Recorder of New York City
1787-1788 Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1787-1816 Trustee of Columbia College
1788-1789 Attorney-general of the State of New York
1789 Varick and Samuel Jones appointed revisers of New York States laws (codified state statutes)
1789-1801 Mayor of New York
[1803]-1820 President of Merchants Bank
1816-1831 Founder and benefactor of American Bible Society
1828-1831 President of American Bible Society
1831 July 30 Died in Jersey City, NJ

Richard Varick was married to Maria Roosevelt, daughter of Isaac Roosevelt who was the son of James Roosevelt.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection of Richard Varick's papers contains items resulting from his military, legal, and political careers, as well as personal and family papers such as correspondence and accounts. The majority of the collection dates from the Revolutionary War, and over half of the collection consists of correspondence.

The collection includes letters received, drafts of letters sent, accounts, receipts, military orders, inventories, muster and pay rolls, military pay accounts, indentures, court-martial papers and civil court papers. Also contained within the collection are papers about veterans' claims to military lands in New York State, including some maps; papers relating to the settlement of the estate of Derick Dey, Varick's maternal grandfather, and the affairs of other members of the Dey family; personal and family correspondence and accounts; and a few documents signed by Varick in his capacity as mayor of New York.

The papers in the collection pertain to a variety of subjects, including Varick's command of a company in Alexander McDougall's battalion at Ticonderoga and in Canada during 1775; his service on courts-martial in 1775; problems of the bateau service in northern New York State in 1776; his position as secretary to Gen. Philip Schuyler in 1775-1776; his work as deputy muster master general, inspector general at West Point, first aide-de-camp to Benedict Arnold (including papers about Arnold's defection and subsequent investigations), and as recording secretary for George Washington (including papers about the transcription of Washington's letters); and suits handled by him as an attorney practicing in Poughkeepsie in 1782-1783, and in New York City after the war.

Arrangement

The Richard Varick Papers have been arranged into the following six series.

The materials within each folder are arranged chronologically.

  1. Series I. Correspondence
  2. Series II. Military Documents
  3. Series III. Legal Documents
  4. Series IV. Accounts, Bills, Receipts
  5. Series V. Appointments to Various Offices
  6. Series VI. Genealogies

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Arnold, Benedict, --1741-1801
  • Bradford, William, 1755-1795
  • Carthy, Daniel
  • Cuyler, Cornelius
  • De Witt, Simeon, 1756-1834
  • Dey, Derick --Estate
  • Elting, Peter
  • Gano, Daniel, 1758-1849
  • Gates, Horatio, 1728-1806
  • Glen, Henry, 1739-1814
  • Lamb, John, 1735-1800
  • Lansing, Jacob John
  • Lansing, John, 1754-1829
  • Laurance, John, 1750-1810
  • Lush, Richard
  • Romeyn, Dirck
  • Rutgers, Henry, 1745-1830
  • Sanders, John, 1756-1841
  • Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804
  • Schuyler, Phillip John, --1733-1804
  • Scott, John Morin, 1730-1784
  • Sewell, Henry, 1753-1845
  • Trumbull, Jonathan, 1740-1809
  • Van Rensselaer, Philip, 1747-1798
  • Varick, John V.B.
  • Varick, John
  • Varick, Richard, --1753-1831
  • Visscher, Matthew
  • Ward, Joseph, 1737-1812
  • Washington, George, --1732-1799
  • Woodruff, Lewis, 1754-1816
  • Yates, Peter W. (Peter Waldron)1747-1826

Document Type

  • Accounts
  • Correspondence
  • Inventories
  • Muster rolls
  • Orders (military records)
  • Receipts

Subject Topics

  • Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
  • Dey, Derick --Estate
  • Land grants -- New York (State)
  • Mayors -- New York (State) -- New York
  • New York (State) -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783
  • United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783
  • United States, --Continental Army, --Pay, allowances, etc.

Family Name(s)

  • Day family
  • Varick family

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Open to qualified researchers.

Photocopying undertaken by staff only. Limited to twenty exposures of stable, unbound material per day. (Researchers may not accrue unused copy amounts from previous days.)

Use Restrictions

Permission to quote from this collection in a publication must be requested and granted in writing. Send permission requests, citing the name of the collection from which you wish to quote, to:

Manuscripts Curator
The New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as Richard Varick Papers, MS 655, The New-York Historical Society.

Related Material at The New-York Historical Society

See Richard Varick Papers, 1775-1806 shelved at BV Varick.

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Container List

Series I: Correspondence

Scope and Contents note

This series, making up over half of the collection, contains correspondence received by or written by Varick. Some of his more frequent correspondents were: Lt. Daniel Gano, Cornelius Cuyler, Philip John Schuyler, Gen. Horatio Gates, Col. Joseph Ward, James Lamb, John Varick, Jr., Richard Lush, John Lansing, Jr., Henry Rutgers, Jr., Jacob John Lansing, Henry Sewall, Lewis Woodruff, William Bradford, Jr., John Morin Scott, Daniel Carthy, Dirck Romeyn, Henry Glen, Matthew Visscher, Peter W. Yates, John Laurance, Peter Elting, Philip Van Rensselaer, Col. Jonathan Trumbull, John V.B. Varick, John Sanders, and Simeon De Witt.

Subseries 1: Letters received.

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains letters written to Varick. It begins with letters where the author of the letter could not be indentified. Following are single letters or small groups of letters that are alphabetized by author. Following these, each folder is dedicated to one author, and each contains four or more letters. These are alphabetized by last name.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 unidentified correspondents
1776-1798
Box: 1 Folder : 2 A - B, single letters or small groups
1779-1830
Box: 1 Folder : 3 C, single letters or small groups
1775-1821
Box: 1 Folder : 4 D - F, single letters or small groups
1776-1804
Box: 1 Folder : 5 G, single letters or small groups
1776-1791
Box: 1 Folder : 6 H, single letters or small groups
1776-1794
Box: 1 Folder : 7 J - L, single letters or small groups
1776-1798
Box: 1 Folder : 8 M - O, single letters or small groups
1776-1798
Box: 1 Folder : 9 P - R, single letters or small groups
1776-1821
Box: 1 Folder : 10 S, single letters or small groups
1776-1825
Box: 1 Folder : 11 T, single letters or small groups
1779-1798
Box: 1 Folder : 12 V - Z, single letters or small groups
1776-1821
Box: 1 Folder : 13 French correspondents written in French
1793-1811
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Theodorus Bailey
1784-1787
Box: 1 Folder : 15 William Bradford
1778-1779
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Daniel Carthy
1780
Box: 1 Folder : 17 [Capt. W.] Colfax
1781-1782
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Cornelius Cuyler
1776
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Simeon DeWitt
1797, 1814-1815
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Dey Family
1780-1781, 1821
Box: 2 Folder : 3 James Duane
1784-1789
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Peter Elting
1776-1783
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Daniel Gano
1775-1778
Box: 2 Folder : 6 [Major C.] Gibbs
1780
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Nic Gilman
1780
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Oliver Glean
1781-1783
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Henry Glen
1776-1783
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Frank Green
1779
Box: 2 Folder : 11 John Hancock
1821
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Udney Hay
1775-1784
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Hugh Hughes
1781-1782
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Charles Knight
1782-1791
Box: 2 Folder : 15 James Lamb
1777-1780
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Jacob J. Lansing
1770-1771
Box: 2 Folder : 17 John Lansing
1776-1777
Box: 2 Folder : 18 John Lansing
1778-1783
Box: 2 Folder : 19 John Laurance
1782-1783
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Henry B. Livingston
1776-1782
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Zach Lukels
1781-1783
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Richard Lush
1777-1782
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Alexander McDougall
1775-1782
Box: 2 Folder : 24 James Morrell
1782-1783
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Isaac Nicoll
1778-1789
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Dirck Romeyn
1780-1782
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Isaac Roosevelt
1788
Box: 2 Folder : 28 Henry Rutgers
1778-1779
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Phillip John Schuyler
1776-1796
Box: 2 Folder : 30 John Morin Scott
1775-1784
Box: 2 Folder : 31 Henry Sewell
1770-1781
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Jonathan Trumbull
1781-1794
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Pierre Van Cortlandt
1783-1796
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Peter L. Van Rensselaer
1779-1783
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Varick family
1776-1782
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Matthew Visscher
1781-1783
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Joseph Ward
1777-1780
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Peter Wilson
1778-1785
Box: 3 Folder : 8 [W.] Wilson
1801
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Lewis Woodruff
1778-1779
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Anna [Yale]
1776-1777
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Peter Yates
1781-1790

Subseries 2: Drafts and copies of letters sent

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains drafts and copies of letters written by Varick. It begins with letters where the intended recipient could not be indentified. Following are single letters or small groups of letters that are alphabetized by recipient. Following these, each folder is dedicated to one recipient, and each contains four or more letters. These are alphabetized by last name.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Unidentified correspondents
1776-1779
Box: 3 Folder : 13 A - C, single letters or small groups
1776-1819
Box: 3 Folder : 14 D - F, single letters or small groups
1776-1780
Box: 3 Folder : 15 G - H, single letters or small groups
1776-1780
Box: 3 Folder : 16 J - L, single letters or small groups
1775-1823
Box: 3 Folder : 17 M - P, single letters or small groups
1776-1782
Box: 3 Folder : 18 R - T, single letters or small groups
1776-1805
Box: 3 Folder : 19 V - W, single letters or small groups
1776-1826
Box: 3 Folder : 20 William Bradford
1778-1779
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Continental Congress
1777-1783
Box: 3 Folder : 22 James Duane
1777-1780
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Daniel Gano
1775-1776
Box: 3 Folder : 24 Horatio Gates
1776-1801
Box: 3 Folder : 25 John Hancock
1776-1777
Box: 3 Folder : 26 [Gen.] Heath
1780
Box: 3 Folder : 27 Alexander McDougall
1776-1777
Box: 3 Folder : 28 Timothy Pickering
1779
Box: 3 Folder : 29 Phillip Schuyler
1776-1780
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Phillip L. Van Rensselaer
1778-1829
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Abraham Van Vechten
1810-1819
Box: 3 Folder : 32 John Varick
1825-1830
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Joseph Ward
1777-1778
Box: 3 Folder : 34 George Washington
1776

Subseries 3: Other correspondence

Scope and Contents note

This subseries contains correspondence that is neither from nor to Varick, several invitations and RSVPs, and documents that list the contents of Varick's books of transcribed letters.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 35 Other correspondents
1775-1801
Box: 3 Folder : 36 Invitations and RSVPs
1786-1821
Box: 3 Folder : 37 "Contents of books/letters transcribed"
1781

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Series II: Military Documents

Scope and Contents note

This series contains documents that pertain to Varick's position as deputy muster master general and his service on courts-martial trials. Also included are various military orders and memoranda and several inventories that detail Captain Varick's clothing and possessions during his military service.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Muster rolls, payrolls, billeting rolls, military pay accounts
1775-1782
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Military orders and memoranda
1775-1783
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Court martials (proceedings, prisoners reports, orders)
1775-1776
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Inventories of Captain Varick's military clothing and goods
1776-1778

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Series III: Legal Documents

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a variety of legal documents arising from Varick's military, legal, and political careers--including court papers; and documents from the investigation into Varick after Benedict Arnold's defection. The series also contains documents regarding his personal and family estate--including papers relating to the settlement of the estate of Derick Dey, Varick's maternal grandfather; the affairs of other members of the Dey family; and indentures, bonds, deeds, and mortgages held by Varick.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Papers relating to the estate of Derick Dey and the affairs of other members of the Dey family
1743-1761
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Papers relating to the estate of Derick Dey and the affairs of other members of the Dey family
1762-1850
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Last wills and testaments of Richard Varick
1775, 1795, 1831
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Last wills and testaments of Richard Van Varick and Abraham Varick
1782, 1813
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Congressional resolutions
1776-1777
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Documents from the Court of Inquiry for Varick's involvement with Benedict Arnold (deposition, affidavit, declaration)
1780
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Papers about veterans' claims to military lands in New York State, including some maps
1784-1815
Box: 4 Folder : 12 State Supreme Court of NY papers
1785-1805
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Chancery case file with members of the Ludlow family as plaintiffs (large bound doc)
1810
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Indentures, bonds, deeds, mortgages
1817-1832
Box: 4 Folder : 15 Other legal documents
[1786-1833]

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Series IV: Accounts, Bills, Receipts

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a multitude of bills, receipts and accounts, the majority dating from and relating to Varick's time in military service during the Revolutionary War. In addition, there are a number of bills and receipts from New York tradesmen for property repairs.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Accounts
1775-1783
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Accounts
1786-1830
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Receipts (mainly for provisions or pay received)
1775-1823
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Bills and receipts for work and equipment (mainly for property repairs) supplied by New York tradesmen
1803-1808
Box: 5 Folder : 5 US Internal Revenue income tax form for Abe Varick
1871

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Series V: Appointments to Various Offices

Scope and Contents note

This series contains documents that recognize Varick's appointments to various offices of honor, including his commission as Captain and his appointments as Mayor of New York.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Commission as Captain
1776
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Appointment as solicitor and counselor at law for New Jersey
1779
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Appointments as mayor of New York (one including large wax seal)
1790, 1794
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Letter signifying election as director of Bank of New York
1794
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Acceptance letter of his resignation as President of the Merchant Bank of New York and praise of his service
1820

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Series VI: Genealogies

Scope and Contents note

This series contains one item, a genealogy of the Berthoff and Varick families.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Genealogy of Berthoff and Varick families
1780

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