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Guide to the World War I Posters Collection
1914-1920 (bulk, 1917-1918)
 PR 55-7

New-York Historical Society
170 Central Park West
New York, NY 10024
(212) 873-3400


New-York Historical Society

Collection processed by N-YHS staff; database migrated to Archivist Toolkit by Jennifer Gargiulo, 2016

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 22, 2022
Finding aid written in English.

Container List

Series III: Patriotic Appeals

Scope and Contents Note

Series III: Patriotic Appeals, includes posters produced by the government and a variety of state civilian associations encouraging farmers, workers, women, and children to engage in war work and support their country's war effort. Among those encouraging general patriotism are warning messages to watch for spies, avoid rumors and avoid "war talk."

Subseries III.1: Patriotic Appeals to Workers, Farmers, Miners etc.

Container 1     Title Date
Folder: 20 The Past is Behind Us/The Future is Ahead/Let Us All Strive to Make the Future/Better and Brighter/Than the Past Ever Was.

General note

soldier + farmer shaking hands

1918
Folder: 20 Send her off to/The war zone/Ahead of schedule/To guard our/Boys on the transports/Are you on the job?/Your bit counts don't waste it

General note

workman waving goodbye to battleship

Folder: 20 A destroyer a day/Keeps the subs away/Beat the building schedule/Sink the submarines

General note

destroyer on high seas

Folder: 20 The employer/And employee/Have/A mutual/Interest in/Increasing production
Folder: 20 The difficulties of peace are as great/As the difficulties of war/"An admirable spirit of selfsacrifice, patriotic devotion and community action guided us during the war. We shall need all these now..If we are to accomplish the 1st tasks of peace"WW

General note

photo of Woodrow Wilson

Folder: 20 The sensible course/Is to secure the good/Which is within our/Grasp and not by reaching out too far/ For the unattainable/A full day's work/By the great/Majority of adults is/Necessary for progress and prosperity. David Houston, Society of Agriculture
Folder: 20 Hercules powders/A surprise party

General note

soldier returning home/dogs welcoming him

1919
Folder: 20 One of the old/Ideals of the Republic/Was that the limit of /Striving for success/Was the limit of capacity and endurance/The real evil/We arec onfronting today/Is the high cost of leisure"Thomas R. Marshall, VicePresident of the U.S.
Folder: 20 Community Service News / The "New Mexico" Buries her head under a / Mountain of water / Keep the Glad hand for the fighting man
Folder: 20 W.B. Wilson, Secretary of Labor Says We are proceeding by/Evolution not by/Revolution

General note

photo of Secretary Wilson

Folder: 20 "Nothing but harmony, honesty, industry and frugality are necessary to make us a great and happy people" George Washington in a letter to Lafayette./It is not the followers of false gods who are the true benefactors of labor, but those who . . .
Folder: 20 Making America better/Somewhere back down the way we have travelled lies/The safe road to a better/America. Frederick H. Giletter, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Folder: 20 The past is behind us/The future is ahead/Let us all strive to/Make the future/Better and brighter/Than the past ever was

General note

soldier and farmer shaking hands

1918
Folder: 20 "I shall expect every man who is not a / Slacker to be at my side throughtout this / Great enterprise." Woodrow Wilson to all employees / This plant is executing a contract for the US Navy

General note

Liberty leading the way

Folder: 20 Proclamation / State of New York . Executive Chamber / ..Waste helps only our enemy. Protect our / Supplies and help with the war / Charles S. Whitman (Gov.); William A. Orr (Secretary to Gov.)
1917-07-17
Folder: 20 Don't carry a / Chip on / Your shoulder / There's a knocker / For every chip. / Terence V. Powderly / Chief Division of Information / Bureau of Immigration / Dept. of Labor
Folder: 20 You and your job / After the war / Working men of America Consider where you will stand when the war is / Ended! Then the time of your big opportunity to lay by something for a rainy / Day will have passed.
Folder: 20 What doth it profit a man? / Stand by you work for your own honor and safety / For the safety and success of your fellow countrymen..
Folder: 21 To the miner let me say that he stands wehre the Farmer does; the work of the world watis on him. If he slacks for fails armies and statesmen are helpless. He also is enlisted in the greate service army. (signed) Woodrow Wilson

General note

Flag / US Capitol

1917
Folder: 21 You are needed to help build ships / The Pacific Coast offers good wages and conditions / American ships will win the war
Folder: 21 Dr. Uncle Sam / is now in charge of our industrial troubles. / He has prescribed a Victory Tonic called Cooperation. / Cooperation will win the war.

General note

Cartoon: Wage earner / wage player in sick bed being fed co-operation tonic by Uncle Sam

1918
Folder: 21 Proclamation for the Industrial Peace / By the President Woodrow Wilson / Robert Lansing, Secretary of State, Members of the National War Labor Board / There should be no strikes during the war

General note

Uncle Sam uniting worker and employer shaking hands

Folder: 21 Appeal by Belgian workmen

General note

Belgian subjects being attcked and "herded up" slave labor deportation by German soldiers

1918-03-03
Folder: 21 Team Work / It ain't the individual or the Army / As a whole, / But the everlasting team work / of every bloomin' soul. / Kipling

General note

Hunitions workers making arms for soldiers in the field (rear)

Folder: 21 Farm help / Do you need help now? / You must make your labor needs known at once / Don't count your laborer until he is hired / How many extra hands at harvest?
Folder: 21 Farming problems in 1919 / Appeal to direct attention to the necessity of counting our state of preparedness and of strenghtening the foundations of our agriculture / D. Houston (& seal of Dept of Agriculture)

General note

photo of Houston

1918-11-13
Folder: 21 Let the work that you do every day be dedicated to (list of German atrocoties) / Issued by Conference Committee on National Preparedness, Metropolitan Life Bldg / Madison Ave. NYC / Harry A. Wisewood, Chairman, Raymond B. Price, Treausurer, James C. .. ..
Folder: 21 Pershing says: "I want the s.o.s. to know how the first Army appreciates the prompt response made to every demand for more equipmnet, supplies and transportation necessary to carry out the receht operations." The s.o.s. shares success with us.

General note

Portrait bust of Pershing

Folder: 21 Go over the top with the tank that will win the war / "Kan the Kaiser"

General note

Cartoon of wage earner / wage payer atop attacking tank labeled: "American Industry / Co-operation"

1918
Folder: 21 Presiden't Wilson's great message / Read at the joint session of the Congress / At Washington, April 2, 1917

General note

Photo of Wilson

1917
Folder: 21 Baby's prayer at twilight / "Won't you help bring my Daddy home?"

General note

baby crying / battleships at sea

Folder: 21 Department of Labor / US Public Service Reserve / If you can use tools, you are needed / For patriotic service at good wages to / Build ships. The following list shows the kinds of trades most needed in ship building.
Folder: 21 Volunteers wanted for farm work / Will you help for a season or longer? / A place will be found fro you / Your country needs you! / Will you serve on the farms? / W.B. Wilson, Sectretary of Labor

General note

A farmer and Uncle Sam who says, "I'll bring the boys back to the farm for you."

Subseries III.2: Appeals from Civilan Associations in Connecticut, Minnesota, Missouri, and Pennsylvania

Container 1     Title Date
Folder: 22 "Victory" war rally / Branford Armory, Branford, March 27, 1918, at 8 pm.
1918
Folder: 22 War rally / Under auspices of Conn State Council of Defense / Boys in France stand for America; / Come out and line up behind them

General note

soldiers in battlefield (in silhouette)

Folder: 22 "Return Load" / This Map shows how Connecticut truck oweners and shippers are increasing transporation faculties / use motor trucks to relieve local terminal congestion

General note

map of Conn

Folder: 22 Order concerning nonwar construction / War industries board / Washington DC
1918-10-01
Folder: 22 Let us "Highly resolve that these dead whall not have died in vain. / Burial of American soldier victims of Tuscania sinking / February 5, 1918 / 101 brave Americans lost their lives

General note

4 photos of funeral scenes for victims

1918
Folder: 22 It pays to stay in school / a trained worker's advantage in earning power / an untrained worker's slow rise in life

General note

a pictoral graph

Folder: 22 Connecticut State Council of Defense / Committee of Food Supply / Save wheat / Save meat / Save fats / Save sugar / Use perishables / Use local supplies
Folder: 22 If you need farm labor, ask for it / the farmer can get labor
Folder: 22 Send Sammy Smilage $1.00 / Patriotic stores sell "Smileage books" / Let your soldier see camp shows as your guest / send him a "Smileage."
Folder: 22 Men and women / do you have to change your job? / If so / consult Uncle Sam the US employment service will place you without charge
Folder: 22 Boys and Girls! / A million dollars worth of food has been sent as the goal for the / Junior Food Army in Connecticut / Join the Junior Food Army
Folder: 22 Why Germany wants peace now / Kaiser's "Intrigue for peace" a menace to America and the world

General note

map of Europe stamped "the Prussian Blot"

Folder: 22 The world can not live half slave, half free / While Germany dreams of dominating the world by force there can be no peace

General note

map of Europe stamped "the Prussian Blot"

Folder: 22 If you need farm labor / Ask for it
Folder: 22 Kaiser Bill / Maybe you didn't know it before, but I'm telling you now / US means Unconditional Surrender / Uncle Sam

General note

hand of Uncle Sam signing his name

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #6: 70,000 patriotic and loyal women marched in NY for Red Cross Fund / The American Red Cross needs another Hundred Million dollars to "carry on." "War fund week" May 20 27

General note

Nurses and other women parading E 40th St and 5th (?) Ave

Folder: 22 Farmers of Connecticut / Farmers of Mass Meeting / To be held in the House of Representatives at the State Capitol, Friday, Mar 22 at 11AM / Consider the present emergency
Folder: 22 The 10 Commandments of womanhood / 1918 / Prepared by the President of the Conn Congress of Mohters
1918
Folder: 22 Missouri leads for food increases

General note

Father plowing / men fighting and graph of food increase

1918
Folder: 22 Why we are at war? / .. .. That is what this war means / If we are beaten, what have we a right to expect?
Folder: 22 Serve to win without a gun / Wear this button / It means you have joined the US Public Service Reseserve

General note

button of US PSR

Folder: 22 Honor roll of women who will work to win the war / has he registered your name for service?

General note

Uncle sam listing names on blackboard

Folder: 22 Mothers / Fathers / Public service needs your boys / Enroll them for nonmilitary emergency work in the Pennsylvania Division / US Boys Working Reserve / Let them fill the gaps in our industry
Folder: 22 Latest official USA and British war films / Sergent Arthur Gibbons of Canada's first thirty thousand / A prisoner of war at Giessen Camp, Germany / An intense, forceful speaker / Don't miss story he will tell at Sanford School Gymnasium, April 4 AT 5PM

General note

Serbent Gibbons

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo Poster #20: The Soldiers Hustling when the call comes "All Hands to the guns, here comes an aeroplane"

General note

English town running to their posts

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for Freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #2: An american dugout / holding the Lorraine trenches

General note

Soldiers on the front line of Allied western front

Folder: 22 Germans / You must register / Between Monday Feb 4 and Saturday Feb. 9 / Present yourself early before the postmaster (same message in German)
Folder: 22 The War at home / School boys of Connecticut / Help the Farmers witht their harvest Join the US Boy's working reserve and Jr. Agricultural Volunteers

General note

boys helping plow the fields, harvest

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News photo poster #23: "Force without stint" and larger Guns will proabably be US answer to Austrias Peace Negotiations

General note

Long 16 inch gun to be shipped overseas with 19 men standing on top

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for Freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #13: Greatst of all parades demonstrate that America is acting as one in this war

General note

Fourth of July parade in NYC where over 75,000 people paraded

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #12: Work or Fight / What's the difference between a slacker and a traitor? / Think it over.

General note

A striking scene when the French charged the Germans and put them to rout

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #11: In the trenches behind the lines in France

General note

African-American soldiers / white commander firing from the trenches

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #10: The alarm has been sounded and the Marines are adjusting thir masks and entering their dugouts W.S.S. enlistment day will be June 28.

General note

American marines entering dugouts when gas attack is on.

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #9: Soldiers in France resting and sleeping in the trenches while a bombardment is going on / Beware of spies and enemy eavesdroppers!

General note

Soldiers sleeping in trench during attack

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #8: Boys getting accustomed to gas drills before they leave for over there. / Be prepared for national W.S.S. enlistment day / Friday, June 28th.

General note

Boys in midst of Gas defense drill at Yapahanic, L.I.

Folder: 22 A message to the men and women of Connecticut Franklin D. Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy

General note

FDR

Folder: 22 Fighting in France for freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #7: A striking scene in the allies army in front of Amiens / Friday, June 28th National War Savings Enlistment Day

General note

An 18 pounder battery with its crew of men with gas masks stemming a German advance

Folder: 22 Your President and your Governor endorse the Children's Year / What will you do to save 1056 babies in Connecticut in 1918?
1918
Folder: 22 Justice but no flowers
Folder: 22 America Calls for Nurses enroll / An appeal to women of Connecticut / Conn Committee for the Recruiting of Student Nurses

General note

nurse

Folder: 22 Support our soldiers / by shopping sensibly / purhcase useful gifts only / and make this a winthewar Christmas
Folder: 22 Beware of Spies / and enemy eavesdroppers / Keep you eyes and ears open / Report eveyr suspicious act / Or word to the Connecticut Council of Defense, State Capitol, Hartford, Conn / Keep your mouth closed
Folder: 22 President Wilson's message to the boys of Pennsylvania / United States boy's working reserve
Folder: 22 Fighting in France for Freedom! Are you helping at home? News Photo poster #5: Typical scene abroad whe soldiers are being nursed back to health

General note

Casualties of the battles on Picardy front in hospital beds on convalescent ward

Folder: 23 Get behind / the girl he left behind him / Join the land army / Become a supporting member / Membership classes / Tiller $1.00 / Planter $5.00 / Gleaner $25.00 / Harvester $100.00

General note

Woman with hoe infield (in colour); fighting soldier in background (grey)

Subseries III.3: Civilian War Work (Womens work, Womens Land Reserve, Boys Working Reserve)

Container 1     Title Date
Folder: 23 "Eternal vigilance is the price of Liberty" / American Defense Society / Vigilance Corps

General note

man on look out atop NY building; NY skycscraper scene rear

1919
Folder: 23 Register / For Woman's Work / Your country needs you / November 9th 27th

General note

Liberty with arm on civilian woman; flag near

1917-08-01 (?)
Folder: 23 Your Country Needs You / Young Women needed now / to train as nurses / in the military and / civil hospitals / of the United States / For information apply to / Miss Hellen Wood, Central Recruiting Station, Massachusetts

General note

General Hospital, Boston

Folder: 23 Stage Women's War Relief

General note

Woman shedding fancy fur trimmed coat to reveal hurses uniform, hands reaching out

Folder: 23 Fight world famine / Enroll in the Boys' Working Reserve / US Employment serve / Departement of Labor

General note

Boy on farm being attacked by vultures

Folder: 23 Farm for freedom / Young men of America / Between 16 and 21 years / Earn a badge of honor / Join the US Boys' Working Reserve / Apply / or write US Boys' Working Reserve, Washington DC
Folder: 23 Boys! Serve your country on the farms / Join the US Boys' Working Reserve / Apply / Earn a badge of honor

General note

Farm Scene / logo of Boys' Working Reserve, USA

Folder: 23 The Woman's Land Army of America / Women enlist now and help the farmer /fight the food famine / Apply National Office, 19 West 44th ST, NY State office, 303 Fifth Ave

General note

3 Women doing farm work; one carries a flag

1918
Folder: 23 Women awake! Your country needs you / Learn to be of National Service Join the Navy League / Help the Navy Local Headquarters

General note

woman in uniform with megaphone or horn

Folder: 23 Service / Fall in! / National League for Women's Service

General note

Women in uniform on horse carryng US flag leading horde of women carrying rakes, canned goods, books, etc.

Folder: 23 Community Councils of National Defense / We serve

General note

seal with eagle and motto

Folder: 23 Civilian(s*) / When we go through this we need all the help and combat you can give / the Jewish Welfare Board / United War Work Campaign Week of November 11, 1918

General note

soldier in combat; Jewish Star

1918

Subseries III.4: Miscellaneous Patriotic Appeals

Container 1     Title Date
Folder: 24 Waiting for a job, sir / At the Reemployment Bureau / for soldiers, sailors, marines / 505 Pearl St. Phone Worth 9250 / Send him a job / Major Warren Bigelow, USA, Director / Thinnk thousands gave lives you can give work

General note

Soldier, sailor saluting

Folder: 24 Warning / Lie / Rumor / (List of) the rumor / The fact / Don't let the Germans fool you with their lies / Do your part / Report the names of persons circulating such rumors to Natl Committee of Patriotic Societies, Southern Bldg, Washington DC

General note

Dog labeled rumor with tin can labeled "lie" tied to his tail

Folder: 24 Don't talk / The web is spun for you with invisible threads / Spies are listening

General note

Man's head caught in a spiderweb

Folder: 24 Harmless! / This is not a joke, but a stern reality / Copies may be obtained from the (sic) Business men's National Service League, 96 Water Street, NYC

General note

Cartoon: German soldier laughing at cannon labeleld "Volunteer System"

1917
Folder: 24 The US Government / Has asked us to help / .. .. .. Will you please / Shop in the moning hours / Avoid making hurried purchases / Avoid special delieveries / Delivery and distribution waste must be eliminated
1917
Folder: 24 No war talk! / Attorney General Gregory says: / "Obey the law / Keep your mough shut!"
Folder: 24 To all aliens / If the war has affected your living or working conditions / If you want to learn the American language and become a citizen .. .. .. Apply Room 1820 Minicipal Building

General note

Same message in German, Polish, Hungarian, Yiddish, Italian

Folder: 24 Patriotic League / I pledge to express my patriotism by doing better than ever before whatever work I have to do

General note

Woman, american flag, patriotic league pledge

1918
Folder: 24 The world cannot live half slave, half free / While Germany dreams of dominating the world by force there can be no peace

General note

Map of Europe with Germany expanding in red; The "Prussian Blot"

Folder: 24 Proclamation! / To the citizens of New York / Mitchel, Mayor

General note

Proclomation declaring US entry to WWI

Folder: 25 The Harriman National Bank / urges / faith, courage, and patience

General note

various war scenes; face of man looming above with red / white stripes radiating from horizon

1918
Folder: 25 Celeberate Don't miss the parade. / Show the boys you're / for them in Victory as in the war / Celebrate

General note

Victory parade of US soldiers

Folder: 25 This beautiful / Picture for framing / Free / Free/ Free / Printed on heavy glazed paper / See daily New York Herald, Page 2, part 1

General note

Prtrait bust of Gen. John J. Pershing

1918
Folder: 25 I have a boy / By Daniel M. Henderson / Author of the National Art Club's $250 Prize War Poem, "The Road to France"

General note

Soldier with binoculars agains various flags and text of poem

Folder: 25 The right is more precious than Peace / We shall fight for the things we have always carried nearest to our hearts / The world must be made safe for democracy. / Woodrow Wilson

General note

Photo of Wilson in oval frame

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