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Guide to the Papers of Frances Patai ALBA.131

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Angela Frattarola and Ted Casselman

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on August 15, 2017
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Patai, Frances
Title: Frances Patai Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1937-1998, (Bulk 1989-1997)
Dates [bulk]: bulk
Abstract: Frances Patai was an educator, writer, historian and feminist activist. Born in New York in 1930 she earned her bachelors and masters degrees at the City College of New York in the 1950s and taught English and communication courses throughout the City University of New York (CUNY) system. Throughout her career Patai was concerned with the rights and status of women, and in the last decade of her life she devoted her efforts to researching and writing a book on women medical personnel who volunteered during the Spanish Civil War. Patai died in 1998 before she could bring her project to fruition. She was 67 years old. The Patai Papers consist predominantly of research materials she gathered and drafts she produced during the course of her work on her unpublished book, Heroines of the Good Fight: U.S. Women Volunteers in the Spanish Civil Warincluding articles, clippings, and notes.
Quantity: 5 Linear Feet (7 boxes)
Call Phrase: ALBA.131

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Historical/Biographical Note

Frances Patai was born in New York City's Lower East Side in 1930. As a teenager, Patai performed in Jewish resorts in the Catskills as an actress and dancer. In her twenties she attended classes at City College of New York earning her bachelor's degree in 1955 and her MA in 1957. Beginning in the 1970s she served as an English and communications instructor at various institutions in the City University of New York (CUNY) system including long-term appointments at John Jay and the Borough of Manhattan Community Colleges.

Throughout her career Patai was concerned with the rights and status of women, addressing in a series of essays and articles issues related to rape, pornography, and abuse. During the 1980s she worked with the feminist organization Woman Against Pornography, serving as spokesperson and organizing their annual WAP Awards, an event that promoted the non-sexist representation of women in advertising. In later life Patai turned her attention to the anti-fascist movements of the 1930s, and began to investigate the history of American volunteers who joined the Republican forces to fight against Franco's army during the Spanish Civil War. Patai focused her attention on the participation of American women volunteers in the Spanish Civil War devoting her efforts to researching and writing a book on the contributions of nurses. Through her friendship with Fredericka Martin - a nurse with the Medical Bureau to Aid Spanish Democracy who accrued extensive biographical material on her former colleagues - Patai gained access to unique primary materials. Patai died in 1998 before she could bring her project to fruition. She was 67 years old. Shortly before her death, Patai established an endowment to the City College Center for Worker Education to fund annual courses and lectures on the Nazi Holocaust.

Sources:

  • Rimmel, Leslie, "Frances (Francesca) Patai, 1930-1998," Off Our Backs(Washington), April 1998.
  • Leberstein, Stephen, "Eloquence of Former Chancellor Sparks Major CCNY Bequest," CUNY Matters, Spring 1998.

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Scope and Content Note

The Frances Patai Papers consist predominantly of research materials she gathered and the drafts she produced during the course of her work on her unpublished book, Heroines of the Good Fight: U.S. Women Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War including articles, clippings, and notes. The collection is arranged in three series.

Series I: biographical files of nurses and other women personnel who served during the Spanish Civil War. These contain recollections and firsthand accounts of the wartime medical facilities and the conditions in Spain during the conflict.

Series II: published and unpublished materials by Patai, including drafts of her book, articles about the women in the International Brigades, conference papers and proposals, and miscellaneous writings on pornography and sexual abuse.

Series III: This series is made up of subject files. Included here are notes, excerpt from publications, and research materials on general topics, organizations, and individuals as well as biographical material on Patai. Notable among these files are copies of Jirku Gusti's, "We Fight Death," and Sandor Voros' unpublished manuscript on hospitals and medical services.

Arrangement

Folders are arranged alphabetically within each series.

Organized into three series

Missing Title

  1. I. Biographical Files
  2. II. Writings
  3. III. Subject Files

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Patai, Frances
  • Voros, Sandor.
  • Martin, Fredericka I.
  • Jirku, Gusti.

Document Type

  • Research (document genres).
  • Articles.
  • Drafts (documents)
  • Biography files.
  • Correspondence.

Subject Organizations

  • Spain. Ejército Popular de la República. Abraham Lincoln Battalion
  • Spain. Ejercito Popular de la Republica. Abraham Lincoln Battalion
  • Medical Bureau and North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy
  • North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy
  • City University of New York
  • Medical Bureau to Aid Spanish Democracy

Subject Topics

  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939.
  • Americans -- Spain -x History -y 20th century.

Subject Places

  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Personal narratives.
  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Women.
  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Hospitals.
  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Participation, American.

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Administrative Information

Provenance

This collection came to New York University in January 2001 as part of the original acquisition of Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives collections, formerly housed at Brandeis University. The Patai Papers were donated by Frances Patai in 1998.

Access Restrictions

Materials are open to researchers. Please contact the Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives for more information and to schedule an appointment, tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu or 212-998-2630.

Use Restrictions

Any rights (including copyright and related rights to publicity and privacy) held by the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives (ALBA), were transferred to New York University in November 2000 by the ALBA Board of Governors. Permission to publish or reproduce materials in this collection must be secured from the Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. For more information, contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu or 212-998-2630.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Collection name; Collection number; box number; folder number;
Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

ALBA collections at the Tamiment Library.

Separated Material

Photographs were separated from Patai's manuscript materials in the course of processing. For further information related to the scope and contents of her photograph collection see, The Frances Patai Photographs, ALBA Photo, 131.

Audio tapes from the Patai Papers have been transferred to the non-print section of the ALBA collection in the Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives.

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Container List

Series I: Biographical Files

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Alcade, Carmen
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Andell, Evelyn
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Bell, Hilda (Roberts)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Brisker, Luba
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Bruzzichesi, Ava
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Chadwick, Selma
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Davidow, Ruth
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 DeVries, Lini (Fuhr)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Duncan, Cleo
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Dyer, Edith
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Edwards, Thyra
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Erickson, Thelma (Byrne)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Esther, Hon (Brown)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Ferwerda, Ena (Andry)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Fontaine, Dorothy (Mardfin)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Foy, Mable (Levin)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Freed, Rose
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Freedman, Helen (Feinberg)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Galleani, Gerumina
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Goldblatt, Sana
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Golden, Irene (Spiegel)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Golub, Fannie
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Greenspan, Celia (Seborer)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Grunsky, Eugenia
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Harris, Ray (Marantz)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Hershkowitz, Honey
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Hutchins, Evelyn (Rahman)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Jensky, Toby
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Jirku, Gusti (Stridsberg)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Kee, Salaria (a.k.a. Salaria Kea, later O'Reilly)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Kyle, Constance (Lamb)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Leight, Clara
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Levine, May (Hartzman)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Martin, Fredericka
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Malbin, Virginia (Social Worker)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Merims, Sonia (Kolkin)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Merriman, Marion (Wachtel)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Montseny, Federica
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 8 North, Helen (Green)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Novac, Alba (Ryan)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Perez, Leonor
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Pike, Florence
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Plotkin, Mary (Torrance)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Rackley, Mildred (Simon)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Rader, Mary (Garrity)
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Rolfe, Mary
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Romer, Edna (Drabkin)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Schulman, Rebecca (Durem)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Shuldiner, Anna (Goldman)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Silverstein, Esther (Blanc)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Taft, Anne (Muldaven)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Temple, Leonora
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Vanzant, Frances Dr.
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Wacksman, Rose (Sorkin)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Wagnon, Alice (Martin)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Wilkes, Harry
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Williams, Helen
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Wilson, Ruth (Epstein)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Weissman, Helene
undated

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Series II: Writings

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Book Reviews: Memories of Resistance by Shirley Mangini and Defying Male Civilization by Mary Nash
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Dolores Ibarruri, 'La Pasionaria' (1895-1998)... (Article)
1997-02-06
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Heroines, Humanitarians, Anti-Fascists: US Women Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War
1994-01-11
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Heroines of the Good Fight: Book Proposal
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Heroines of the Good Fight: Introduction (2 versions)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Heroines of the Good Fight: Part I, Chapter 1
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Heroines of the Good Fight: Part I, Chapter 2
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Heroines of the Good Fight: Sources Used and Methodology
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Heroines of the Good Fight: Table of Contents (2 versions)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Heroines of the Good Fight: Testimonies of U.S. Volunteer Nurses in the Spanish Civil War (different versions)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Heroines of the Good Fight: U.S. Women Medical Service Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War (2 versions)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Humanitarian Work as Anti-Fascist Political Action (conference paper and other versions)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 13 I'm a Forever Anti-Fascist: Voices of US Women Medical Service Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War (Article based on oral histories)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Medical Bureau History: Outline and Drafts
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 15 Mujeres voluntarias estadounidenses en la guerra civil espanola... (Article in Spanish)
1996-03
Box: 5 Folder : 16 New York City Labor Chorus: Singing International Solidarity (Article)
1997-04-21
Box: 5 Folder : 17 1936 International Anti-Fascists Return to Spain for 1996 Homage (Article)
1996-11
Box: 5 Folder : 18 Power, Paychecks, Protest, Pain in the Real World of 'Women's Work' (Conference Paper Proposal)
1994-10
Box: 5 Folder : 19 Prostitution: Miscellaneous Writings
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 20 Twentieth Century Judiths: US Women Anti-Fascist Volunteers... (Conference Paper Proposal)
1996-06
Box: 5 Folder : 21 With Liberty and Justice for Whom? (Letter to editor of NY Times)
1995-05-23
Box: 5 Folder : 22 Untitled Article on U.S. Women Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War
undated

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Series III: Subject Files

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Ambulances
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 2 American Friends Service Committee
1937
Box: 6 Folder : 3 American Medical Bureau: Accounts
1938
Box: 6 Folder : 4 American Medical Bureau: History
1938
Box: 6 Folder : 5 American Medical Bureau: Miscellany from F. Martin
1937-1986
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1992
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Fascist (?) Leaflet: Welcome to the International Brigade
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Fisher, Ruth and Harry
undated , 1938 , 1988
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Franco's 'Mein Kampf' (Spanish Information Bureau)
1939
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Garcia Lorca, Federico
1986
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Gonshak, Sam
1978-1979
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Holman, Portia: "Hospital in Spain"
1937
Box: 6 Folder : 13 Hornstein, Claire Hartford
1990
Box: 6 Folder : 14 Jewish Volunteers
1938 , 1989-1990
Box: 6 Folder : 15 Jirku, Gusti: We Fight Death (photocopies)
ca.1937
Box: 6 Folder : 16 Kutnick, Lee (Executive Secretary, Friends of ALBA)
1992
Box: 6 Folder : 17 Martin, Fredericka: "The American Indian" (inscribed to F. Patai)
Spring 1950
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Medical Aid: General
1938-1941
Box: 7 Folder : 2 North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy
1937
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Nurses: General
1937-1977
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Palmer, Nettie and Len Fox, "Australians in Spain"
1948
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Patai, Frances: Biographical
undated
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Patai, Frances: Book Project, Miscellaneous Notes and Forms
undated
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Patai Fund: CUNY
1997
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Poder y Libertad: Special Women's Issue (articles by Patai and Martin)
1989
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Radio Broadcasts: Transcripts from New York Public Library and Columbia University
1937-1938
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Redondo, Carmen (Rescued by U.S. Nurses) and Jose Luis
1990
Box: 7 Folder : 11 Relief Ship
undated
Box: 7 Folder : 12 Soccoro, Rojo
undated
Box: 7 Folder : 13 Social Workers: Aid to Spain
1937
Box: 7 Folder : 14 Spain: Veterans' Visit
1996
Box: 7 Folder : 15 Voros, Sandor: Unpublished Manuscript on Hospitals and Medical Services in Spain
ca.1937
Box: 7 Folder : 16 Women in the Spanish Civil War: Miscellaneous Papers and Articles
1936-1996
Box: 7 Folder : 17 Women Volunteers: From F. Martin
undated

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