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Guide to the Spanish Civil War Poster Collection ALBA.GRAPHICS.001

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Johanna Blocker, 2006, and Erika Gottfried, Gail Malmgreen and Sarah DeMott

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on January 29, 2018
Description is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Updated by Megan O'Shea to incorporate artwork being sent to offsite art storage in September 2017.  , August 2017

Scope and Content Note

This collection is comprised of two separate, but related, groups of Spanish Civil War posters held by the Tamiment Library. Although the two groups are stored separately, and are of different provenance, their closely related contents warranted bringing them together in a single collection guide. Researchers should note the item numbers of any posters requested, since these numbers reflect the locations of individual posters. Each poster has an item number consisting of two letters, followed by a number. The two letters denote the country in which the poster was produced: CU=Cuba, DD=Germany, ES=Spain, FR=France, IT=Italy, MX=Mexico, US=United States. Poster locations are indicated by flat file case (FFC) number and folder number.

Series I: Spanish Civil War Posters from the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives (ALBA) Collection, 1936-2003. is divided into four sub-series, as follows: Subseries I:A: Civil War Era: Spain, 1936-1938. Subseries I:B: Civil War Era: Other Countries, 1937-1943. Subseries I:C: Post-Civil War Era: Spain, 1976-1997. Subseries I:D: Post-Civil War Era; Other Countries, 1966-2003.

The majority of the posters in this series were produced and published in Spain by organizations (political parties and their subgroups, national regional and local government agencies, military authorities, trade unions, aid organizations, collectives, etc.) supporting the cause of the Spanish Republic, but the collection also includes posters published during the war years and after in the United States, Italy, Mexico, Cuba, France, and Germany. Identified creators of the posters include thirty-three artists, the best-known of whom are Jose Bardasano, Josep Renau, and the Hungarian-American, Hugo Gellert. About half the poster artists are not identified.

Civil War era posters were published by a wide variety of organizations, including, but not limited to: the Socialist-leaning Union General de Trabajadores (UGT); the anarchist Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) and Juventudes Libertarias; Partido Comunista de España; Front Popular de Catalunya; Junta Delegada de Defensa de Madrid; El Grupo Sindical Socialista de Radiocomunicacion lleguara a la URE. a la Victoria; Sindicato Profesionales Bellas Artes, UGT; and the parallel (and rival) aid organizations, Socorro Rojo Internacional (aka International Red Aid, sponsored by the Communist International) and Socorro Rojo de España (sponsored by the Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista, [POUM]). Organizations based outside of Spain include the Friends of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade and the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee.

The post-Civil War era posters, also divided between those produced in Spain and in other countries, were produced to commemorate anniversaries; to honor the veterans; and to publicize film screenings, theatrical performances, conferences, and other events relating to Spanish Civil War history.

Series II: Spanish Civil War Posters from the Tamiment Library Poster Collection (TAM Graphics 002), 1936-1938. This is an open collection, acquired by the library over many years, from many sources. Subjects and artists represented are similar to those in Subseries I:A.

Arrangement

Items are arranged alphabetically by artist's surname, followed by items arranged alphabetically by title (posters for which the artist’s name is unknown).

Organized into two series: I:Spanish Civil War Posters from the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives Collection, 1936-2003; II: Spanish Civil War Posters from the Tamiment Library Poster Collection, 1936-1938.