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Guide to the Arthur H. Landis Photograph Collection ALBA.PHOTO.066

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Evan Daniel and Wendy Scheir, 2004

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on July 19, 2017
Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Landis, Arthur H., 1917-1986
Title: Arthur H. Landis Photographs
Dates [inclusive]: 1917-1986
Abstract: Arthur H. Landis (1917-1986) joined the 15th International Brigade in 1937 and fought with the MacKenzie-Papineau Battalion. In 1967, Landis wrote The Abraham Lincoln Brigadeabout Americans in the Spanish Civil War, and later published  Spain! The Unfinished Revolution, about the political complexities of the war. The collection contains photographs from Landis’ scrapbook and his mother Alice Fries’ photo albums, including images of his childhood and family. Alice Fries was a singer, dancer and member of the American Guild of Variety Artists. Images from the Spanish Civil War include bombed buildings, Ernie Parlor and unidentified international volunteers, medical personnel and vehicles, and Spanish soldiers. There are additional photographs of demonstrations in the United States attended by the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. The collection includes color slides of Spanish cities: Albacete, Belchite, Brunete, Murcia, and Teruel, and maps of various Republican fronts. Many images depict Landis’ daily life in Hermosa Beach and Los Angeles, California.
Quantity: 1.75 Linear Feet
Quantity: (4 boxes) Approximately 700 black and white photographs sized from 1 x 1 inch to 10 x 13 inches, 58 35mm color slides, and 47 black and white negatives sized from 1 ½ x 1 inches to 4 x 5 inches.
Call Phrase: ALBA.PHOTO.066

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Historical/Biographical Note

Arthur H. Landis was born into a family of vaudeville performers in Birmingham, Alabama in 1917, and spent most of his youth in Redondo Beach, California. Landis joined the 15th International Brigade in 1937 and fought with the MacKenzie-Papineau Battalion. He worked as a scout, a typographer, and an artillery spotter with the MacKenzie-Papineau Battalion, and fought in the battles of Aragon and Teruel, where he was injured. Landis also worked for a stint for an intelligence unit, and participated in an aborted operation to blow up the Italian Fleet headquarters. Just before Barcelona fell to Franco, Landis helped load the 15th Brigade Archives onto a Soviet ship. He sailed back to the U.S. on the R.M.S. Ausonia in December 1938. For further biographical information on Landis, and to review the scope and contents of his manuscript collection see, Guide to the Arthur H. Landis Papers, ALBA 66 [Note: hotlink].

Landis’ mother Alice Fries traveled to small towns across the Midwest and West working variety shows—including the Nut Chorus and Ralston Chorus—as a singer and dancer. Fries became Alice Landis when she married William N. Landis, Arthur’s father. William, also a performer, entered the army in 1920. By 1922 the couple was estranged. Alice married her stage partner, Richard Yaryan, and changed her name to Alice Yaryan. The duo performed under the stage name fast-Stepping Man and Maid. In the late 1930s Alice sometimes used Alice Harper as a stage name (her father’s name was Harper) when she performed in the duo Harper & King. Fries was a member of the American Guild of Variety Artists.

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Scope and Content Note

Series I: Photographs. The Landis Photographic Collection consists predominantly of photographs from Landis' scrapbooks and the personal photo albums of his mother, Alice Fries. These items contained images of Landis' childhood and family: grandmother Ethel Fries, father William (Bill) N. Landis, and brother William (Billie) H. Landis. Other family members represented in the series include Landis' aunts Edith and Mabel Fries, cousins Grace Fries and Helen Fries-Topping, uncle Jim Topping, and nephew William D. Landis.

Landis' scrapbooks were disassembled and the photographs divided according to subject category. Photocopies of the original order of Landis' photo albums are contained in Box 4, Folders 9-12. Loose photographs from Alice Fries' keepsake albums were removed and added to the photograph collection, arranged according to subject category. Her albums that contained only photographs were preserved intact. Photocopies indicating the original order of the disassembled albums are in Box 4, Folders 7-8.

Images from the Spanish Civil War include, bombed buildings, Arthur Landis, Ernie Parlor and unidentified international volunteers, medical personnel and vehicles, and Spanish soldiers. There are additional photographs of political demonstrations and rallies in the United States attended by the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade including one image of Dolores Ibárruri in Spain and one image of Paul Robeson, Morris Fishman, and Bart van der Schelling singing at a gathering in Los Angeles, California.

Series II: Slides. Most of the 53 slides of Spanish cities, rivers and other sites of combat were taken by Jack Levine, following AL's instructions, in Spain in June and October 1966. The collection contains two slides of the Valley of the Fallen, a memorial to the dead of the Spanish Civil War, where only General Francisco Franco and José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange, were commemorated by name. The series also contains five images of maps depicting Republican fronts credited to the California State College at Los Angeles. AL used the slides in a presentation to veterans and friends in Los Angeles.

Series III: Negatives. The negatives are contained in a separate box from the photographs and slides. The 47 images in this series are mostly of Landis' Hermosa Beach home and neighborhood. There is also one image of Landis as a child, one image of Landis with his brother and one image of Landis in Spain during the Civil War. The series also contains images of maps depicting Republican fronts during the Spanish Civil War and two images of Dolores Ibárruri at a veterans' event in Spain. The negative of Landis in Spain matches the print in Box 2, Folder 16. One of the negatives of Dolores Ibárruri matches the print in Box 2, Folder 5 .The remaining negatives do not match any prints.

Series IV: Photocopied Photo Albums and Scrapbooks. These photocopies display the original order of the Arthur Landis' and Alice Fries' photo albums and scrapbooks prior to disassembling.

Arrangement

Folders arranged alphabetically by topic.

The files are grouped into 4 series:

Missing Title

  1. I. Photographs
  2. II. Slides
  3. III. Negatives
  4. IV. Photocopied Photo Albums and Scrapbooks

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Fishman, Moses (Moe), 1916-
  • Fries, Alice.
  • Hutchins, Evelyn, 1910-1982.
  • Ibárruri, Dolores, 1895-1989
  • Landis, Arthur H., 1917-1986
  • Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976
  • Rahman, Evelyn.
  • Keaveny, James.

Document Type

  • Negatives (photographic)
  • Black-and-white photographs.
  • Slides (photographs)

Subject Organizations

  • Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Archives
  • Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Historical Commission
  • Spain. Ejercito Popular de la Republica. Brigada Internacional, XV
  • American Guild of Variety Artists
  • Spain. Ejercito Popular de la Republica. Abraham Lincoln Battalion

Subject Topics

  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939.
  • Music-halls (Variety-theaters, cabarets, etc.)
  • Vaudeville -- Middle West.
  • Vaudeville -- United States -y 20th century.
  • Vaudeville -- United States -x Songs and music.
  • Vaudeville -- California -x History -y 20th century.

Subject Places

  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Participation, American.
  • Murcia (Spain)
  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Pictorial works.
  • Spain |x History |y Civil War, 1936-1939 |v Biography.
  • Belchite (Spain)
  • Brunete (Spain)
  • Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Women.
  • Valencia (Spain)
  • Toledo (Spain)
  • Madrid (Spain)
  • Albacete (Spain)
  • Teruel (Spain)
  • Fuentes de Ebro (Spain)

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Administrative Information

Provenance

The Arthur H. Landis Photograph Collection was donated to the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives by Arthur H. Landis in the early 1990s. This collection came to New York University in January 2001 as part of the original acquisition of Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives collections, formerly housed at Brandeis University. The images in the Landis Photograph Collection were separated from the Landis manuscript collection at the time of processing.

Access Restrictions

Materials are open to researchers. Please contact the Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives for more information and to schedule an appointment, tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu or 212-998-2630.

Use Restrictions

Any rights (including copyright and related rights to publicity and privacy) held by the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives (ALBA), were transferred to New York University in November 2000 by the ALBA Board of Governors. Permission to publish or reproduce materials in this collection must be secured from the Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. For more information, contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu or 212-998-2630.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Collection name; Collection number; box number; folder number;
Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Arthur H. Landis Audiotape Collection, ALBA Audio 66

Arthur H. Landis Manuscript Collection, ALBA 66

ALBA collections at the Tamiment Library

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Container List

Series I: Photographs

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Baseball Game
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Building/Construction Site
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Dance (VALB), Los Angeles: Bart van der Schelling, Paul Robeson, Morris Fishman, Arthur Landis
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Demonstrations and Rallies
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Demonstrations and Rallies: National Maritime Union (Milwaukee)
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Demonstrations and Rallies: Vietnam War
undated , 1967
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Fries, Alice (see also Landis, Alice)
1910s-1970s
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Fries, Alice: Childhood/Youth
1910s
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Fries, Alice: Family
1910s-1940s
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Fries, Alice: Friends
1910s
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Fries, Alice: Matted Photographs
ca.1920s
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Fries, Alice: Photo Album (I)
1911-1915
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Fries, Alice: Photo Album (II)
1931-1935
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Fries, Alice: Photo Album (III)
1920-1922
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Fries, Alice: Theatrical Photographs
1910s-1930s
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Hermosa Harbor/Los Angeles
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 3 High School Yearbook (photos)
1935-1936
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Hutchins, Evelyn
undated , 1938
Box: 2 Folder : 5 International Brigade: Veterans Events, post-Civil War (includes images of Dolores Ibárruri)
undated , 1983
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Landis, Alice (see also Fries, Alice)
1920s-1940s
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Landis, Arthur
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Landis, Arthur: Childhood/Youth
1920s
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Landis, Arthur: Family and Friends (from Photo Albums and Scrapbook)
1920s-1940s
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Landis, Arthur: In Hospital (United States)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Landis, Arthur: In Los Angeles (photographed by Wendell Hamick; humorous captions by AL)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Landis, Arthur: Spanish Civil War
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Landis, William N.
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Parlor, Ernie: Spanish Civil War
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Spanish Civil War: Bombed Buildings
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Spanish Civil War: Combat
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Spanish Civil War: International Brigade
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Spanish Civil War: Medical Personnel
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Spanish Civil War: Miscellaneous
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Spanish Civil War: Spanish Soldiers
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Spanish Civil War: Unidentified Soldiers
1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Travel: Alaska, Hawaii, San Francisco
1930s-1940s
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Unidentified Prints: Individuals and Groups
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Vaudeville Performers
1920s-1940s
Box: 3 Folder : 13 World War II (Airplane Crew, non-combat)
1940s
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Yaryan, Richard
1920s-1940s
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Yaryan, Richard: with Alice Fries
1930s-1940s

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Series II: Slides

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Albacete
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Belchite
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Brunete
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Fuentes de Ebro
Jun 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Madrid
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Maps
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 22 Murcia
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Rio Guadarrama
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 24 Rio Jarama
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 25 San Martin de la Vega
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 26 Tarazona de la Mancha
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 27 Teruel
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 28 Toledo
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 29 Valencia
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Valley of the Fallen
Oct 1966
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Villanueva de la Cañada
undated

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Series III: Negatives

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Artwork
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Hermosa Harbor/Los Angeles
Nov 1966
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Landis, Arthur: Childhood
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Landis, Arthur: Spanish Civil War
1930s
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Spanish Civil War: Maps
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Veterans Events: Post Civil War
undated

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Series IV: Photocopied Photo Albums and Scrapbooks

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Fries, Alice: Photo Album I
1911-1915
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Fries, Alice: Photo Album III
1920-1922
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Landis, Arthur: Scrapbook I
1910s-1970s
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Landis, Arthur: Scrapbook II
1910s-1960s
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Landis, Arthur: Scrapbook III
1930s-1980s
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Landis, Arthur: Scrapbook IV
1910s-1970s

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