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Guide to the Laura Gray Political Cartoons GRAPHICS.013

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Adrien Hilton (2012); Edited by Rachel Searcy for compliance with DACS and Tamiment Required Elements for Archival Description (2012); Revised by Erika Gottfried to include updated biographical information (2013).

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on September 11, 2018 using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Gray, Laura
Source - dnr: Lovell, Frank
Title: Laura Gray Political Cartoons
Dates [inclusive]: 1944-1957
Abstract: Laura Gray (also known as Laura Slobe), born in 1909 in Pittsburgh, was a sculptor, painter, and a staff artist for the Socialist Workers Party newspaperThe Militant, producing weekly political cartoons for the publication from 1944 until her death in 1958. Gray used a large format for her work and was particularly effective in effective in capturing political personalities and sharply analyzing both national and international issues, particularly those that affected workers. The Laura Gray Political Cartoons collection consists of over 500 original Laura Gray cartoons covering nearly the entire time Gray worked for  The Militant. The medium used was a waxy crayon on paper. The collection also contains nine binders with reference copies of a majority of the cartoons. Several themes run through the cartoons, including anti-communism, the economy, racism, Jim Crow legislation, the Korean War, labor, political parties, and depictions of US presidents Roosevelt, Truman, and Eisenhower. The collection also includes a run of Gray's "Rich Bitch" series, which features caricatures of a stereotyped wealthy woman.
Quantity: 10.5 Linear Feet in 6 oversized flat boxes, 2 record cartons
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: GRAPHICS.013

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Historical/Biographical Note

Laura Gray was born Laura Slobe, in Pittsburgh in 1909, to a prosperous Jewish family, but she grew up in Chicago. At age 16, she enrolled at the Art Institute of Chicago. By 19, she began exhibiting paintings, winning a number of prizes, and her paintings continued to appear in exhibits at the Institute and in several galleries. By the late 1930s, she began to produce and exhibit avant-garde sculpture as well, and eventually became known more for her sculpture than her painting. Her work continued to be shown in exhibits in the Chicago area until 1944.

From spring 1939 through September 1940, Gray worked for the Illinois division of the federal Works Progress Administration's Painting and Sculptures Section, creating works of art for the program , as well as serving as an art instructor for it in Illinois and in several other states, traveling as far afield as Oregon. Gray became friendly with a group of other Chicago avante-garde artists attracted by Troskyism. One of the group was George Perle (born George Perlstein, 1915-2009), a composer, whom she married in 1940. (In the 1960s Perle became a major theorist of serialism--a method of composition associated with Schoenberg's 12-tone technique—and was awarded a Pulitizer Prize and a MacArthur fellowship in 1986.)

In 1942 Gray and Perle joined the Trotskyist organization, the Socialist Workers Party (SWP), in Chicago. Not long after joining the SWP Laura Slobe took the name "Laura Gray," a "party name" (a pseudonym adopted by a member of a political party to hide his or her real identity to avoid political, legal or workplace persecution, surveillance and discrimination). Within a few weeks, she was assigned by the SWP to assist with organizing workers in the automobile industry, and she employed her artistic skills by drawing cartoons for a union shop paper. The SWP's branch organizer recognized her skill and encouraged her to submit a cartoon to the SWP's newspaper, The Militant. Gray's first cartoon in  The Militant appeared on March 4, 1944, and thereafter at least one of her cartoons appeared (under the name "Laura Gray") in  The Militant almost weekly for the rest of her life, and she became the paper's staff artist. Many of Gray's cartoons published in  The Militant were also reproduced in Trotskyist and Trotskyist-associated labor publications in as many as 20 countries. While many praised her work as a graphic artist—one scholar describing her cartoons as "naturalistic and powerful, in the tradition of  The Masses' Boardman Robinson, and warrant[ing] comparison to artists such as Hugo Gellert and Robert Minor," Gray herself did not consider her cartoons to be serious art; she remained devoted to sculpture and painting.

Gray and Perle moved to New York City soon after World War II. They were legally divorced in 1952, but remained close friends. In the late 1940s and early 1950s she lived on and off with Duncan Ferguson (1901-74), a sculptor and fellow SWP member. Evidently her work forThe Militant was not enough to support Gray; she also worked simultaneously at a number of temporary jobs, including painting mannequins and creating window display art for department stores. As the years went by she devoted less and less of her time to her own art as a sculptor and painter, although she longed to return to it. Gray's health was fragile; she had suffered from tuberculosis in her early twenties, and had had a lung removed in 1947. She died in 1958, at the age of 49, when she contracted pneumonia that rapidly turned fatal. A prize in sculpture was established in her name at the Art Institute of Chicago, and a George Perle composed a quintet for strings titled "In Memory of Laura Slobe."

Gray used a large format for her cartoons. She was particularly effective in capturing political personalities (including U.S. Presidents Roosevelt, Truman, and Eisenhower) and sharply analyzing both national and international issues, particularly those that affected workers. Her subjects (chosen by The Militant's editorial committee) include racism (especially the Emmett Till case, Jim Crow legislation, the poll tax, and the Ku Klux Klan), labor and unemployment, and mainstream U.S. political parties. During World War II, subjects of satire included the War Labor Board, the no-strike pledge, and the Little Steel Formula; postwar the Marshall Plan, the Korean War, the red scare of the 1950s, and the United States government's embrace of dictators such as Spain's Francisco Franco, were included among her targets.

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Scope and Content Note

The Laura Gray Political Cartoons consists of just under 600 original drawings that Gray produced for the Socialist Workers Party paperThe Militant.. The drawings cover nearly the whole of Gray's career at  The Militant, and span the years 1944-1957. The drawings are generally large format, waxy crayon on paper. They depict the major issues of the time, including the end of World War II, the rise of McCarthyism, and the Korean War, as well as current events and newsstories. Additionally, Gray's drawings portray political and labor figures of the day, including Presidents Roosevelt, Truman, and Eisenhower and labor leaders including Sidney Hillman, George Meany, and Philip Murray. The collection also includes nine reference binders that contain photocopies of 512 of the drawings, and a run of Gray's "Rich Bitch" series, which features caricatures of a stereotyped wealthy woman.

Arrangement

The Laura Gray Political Cartoons are arranged in two series: I. Cartoons and II. Reference Binders. The cartoons are arranged alphabetically by subject and the reference binders are arranged chronologically.

Missing Title

  1. 1. Cartoons
  2. II. Reference Binders

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
  • Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972
  • Stalin, Joseph, 1879-1953.
  • Perle, George, 1915-
  • Wallace, Henry A. (Henry Agard), 1888-1965
  • Lovell, Frank

Document Type

  • Caricatures and cartoons.

Subject Organizations

  • Socialist Workers Party
  • United States. Labor Management Relations Act, 1947
  • United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • United States. Works Progress Administration. Federal Art Project.

Subject Topics

  • Cartoonists -- United States
  • Communism -- United States.
  • Caricatures and cartoons -- United States.
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- United States.
  • Lynching.
  • Wages.
  • Korean War, 1950-1953.
  • Civil rights.
  • Labor leaders -- United States.
  • Labor laws and legislation -- United States.
  • Labor -- United States.
  • Labor unions -- Elections.
  • Unemployment -- United States.

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Administrative Information

Custodial History

The cartoons were originally prepared for The Militant by Laura Gray as part of her staff duties. The cartoons were held by George Weissman until his death. The collection was donated to the Tamiment Library in 1988 by Frank Lovell.

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions. Researchers are requested to use the complete set of photocopies (arranged in chronological order in binders) for reference whenever possible, in order to preserve the original materials.

Conditions Governing Use

Materials in this collection are in the public domain. Permission to publish or reproduce is not required. The donor requests that Laura Gray and The Militant are given credit whenever the images are republished.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Laura Gray Political Cartoons; GRAPHICS 013; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Archival Material

George Breitman Papers (TAM 169)

Frank Lovell Papers (TAM 204)

Socialist Workers Party Printed Ephemera Collection (PE 027)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Users are requested to use the complete set of photocopies (arranged in chronological order in binders) for reference whenever possible, to preserve the original materials.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Frank Lovell, 1988. The accession number associated with this gift is 1988.015.

The accession number NPA.2000.337 is also associated with this collection.

Processing Information Note

Original drawings were rehoused in acid-free folders and boxes. Physical arrangement and housing is based on the materials' size, and does not reflect intellectual arrangement.

Bibliography

Biographical information for this guide was mainly drawn from the following sources: Alan Wald, "Cannonite Bohemians After World War II." Against the Current, July/August 2012, pp. 25-35 (and PDF of extended edition on the Web: http://www.solidarity-us.org/pdfs/ATC%20159--Wald.pdf ) and Kent Worchester, "Sculptor, Painter, and Cartoonist: Laura Gray."  New Politics, Summer 2013, pp. 159-163.

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Container List

Series I: Cartoons

Scope and Content Note

Contains over 600 original cartoons produced by Laura Gray while she worked for the Socialist Workers Party's paper, the Militant. The drawings are large format, waxy crayon on paper. Several themes run through the cartoons, surfacing throughout. These include anti-communism, depictions of US presidents Roosevelt, Truman, and Eisenhower, the economy, Jim Crow, the Korean War, labor, political parties, as well as a run of Gray's "Rich Bitch" series.

Container 1 Container 2 Container 3 Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Algeria
March 18, 1957
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Anti-Communism
Jan 1956, Jan 1976
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Anti-Communism: Civil Liberties
Apr-Jul, 1949
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Anti-Communism: Clark, Tom
Aug 8, 1949
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Anti-Communism: Dies Committee
Jan 13, 1945
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Anti-Communism: Kutcher, James
Sep 1948-Jul 1956
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Anti-Communism: Labor
Sep 13, 1954
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Anti-Communism: Loyalty Oaths
Jun 1949-Jul 1950
Box: 2 Folder : 2
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Anti-Communism: March, Fredric
Jun 20, 1949
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Anti-Communism: McCarthyism
Sep 1952-Aug 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 1
Box: 2 Folder : 3
Box: 1 Folder : 2
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Anti-Communism: Military
Aug 15, 1955
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Anti-Communism: Nixon
Sep 29, 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Anti-Communism: NY Teachers
Mar 7, 1949
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Anti-Communism: Rosenbergs
Jun 1950-Jun 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 4
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Anti-Communism: Witch-Hunts
May 28, 1951
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Arms Race
Oct-Dec 1957
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Asia
Oct 30, 1950
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Asia: MacArthur
1Sep 11, 1950
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3 Atomic Energy
Apr 1946-Apr 1950, undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Atomic Energy: A-Bomb
Oct 17, 1949
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Atomic Energy: Eisenhower
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Atomic Energy: Eisenhower/Dulles
Aug 31, 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Atomic Energy: H-Bomb
Feb 1950-Jul 1955
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Atomic Energy: Nuclear Testing
Jun-Aug 1957
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Belgium: Pierlot
Dec 9, 1944
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Bill of Rights
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Bolivia
Nov 10, 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Book Burning
Jul 6, 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Bulganin, Nikolai
Jul 25, 1955
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Cardinal Spellman
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 3 China: Eisenhower/Dulles
Aug 10, 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Cicero Indictments
Oct 1, 1951
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Civil Rights
Aug 19, 1957
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Civil Rights: Democrats/Republicans
Nov 7, 1955
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Civil Rights: Eisenhower
Feb 11, 1957
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Civil Rights: Voting
Dec 5, 1955
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Communist Party USA
May 1944-Jan 1949
Box: 1 Folder : 3
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Congress
Apr 3, 1950
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Congress: Hatch-Burton-Ball Bill
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Congress: Little Steel Formula
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Congress: Prices
Jul 23, 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Corruption: Labor
Oct 9, 1950
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 Counter Revolution
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Dulles, John Foster
May 25, 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Economy
Aug 24, 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Economy: Baruch Plan
Mar 4, 1944
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Economy: Budget
Jan 1949-Jan 1955
Box: 2 Folder : 10
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Economy: Capitalism
Dec 27, 1954
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Economy: Jobs
Feb 28, 1949
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Economy: Plant Runway
Nov 8, 1954
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Economy: Profits/Welfare State
Mar 27, 1950
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Economy: Recession
Jan 18, 1954
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Economy: Wages
Feb 1949-Mar 1955
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3 Economy: Wall Street
Jun-Jul 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 1
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Egypt: Suez War
Aug 13, 1956
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Eisenhower
Dec 1952-Oct 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 12
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Eisenhower: Cabinet
Dec 1, 1952
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Eisenhower: Campaign
Jan-Aug 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 12
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Eisenhower: Chiang Kai-Shek
Feb 16, 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Eisenhower: Civilian Defense
Jun 17, 1955
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Eisenhower: Drug Manufacturers/Polio Vaccine
May 30, 1955
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Eisenhower: Economy
Feb 8, 1954
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Eisenhower: International Relations
Jan 15, 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Eisenhower: War
Jan 19, 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Federal Bureau of Investigation: Hoover, J. Edgar
Jan 1950-Mar 1955
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Federal Bureau of Investigation: KKK
Jan 7, 1952
Box: 5 Folder : 2 France
Aug 25, 1945
Box: 2 Folder : 13 France: Govin, Felix
Feb 23, 1946
Box: 2 Folder : 13 France: Thorez, Maurice
Jan 4, 1947
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Franco
Jul 1951-Oct 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Franco: Congress
Sep 4, 1950
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Germany: Post-WWII
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Germany: Rearmament
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Germany: Worker's Revolt
Jul 13, 1953
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Great Britain: Churchill
Jun 2, 1945, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 2
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Great Britain: Labor
Aug 4, 1945
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1 Greece
Mar 22, 1947
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Greece:Churchill
Jan 20, 1945
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Guatemala: United Fruit Company
Jun-Jul 1954
Box: 1 Folder : 7
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Hungary: General Strike
Nov 26, 1956
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Indochina
Oct-Nov 1945, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 2
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Indochina: Marshall Plan
Jan 3, 1949
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Iran: Oil
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Italy
Jan-Jul 1945
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Italy: Roosevelt, President Franklin Delano
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Jackson, President Andrew
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Japan: Japanese Peace Act
Sep 17, 1951
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 Japan: Labor
Aug 9, 1948
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Jim Crow
Jun 1950, May 1957
Box: 2 Folder : 14
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Jim Crow: Bus Boycott
Feb 13, 1956
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Jim Crow: KKK
Feb 18, 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 14
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Jim Crow: Stevenson, Adlai
Feb 27, 1956
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Jury Room
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Khrushchev, Nikita
Jun 6, 1955
Box: 6 Folder : 9 King Michael
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Korean War
Jul 1950-Jun 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 9
Box: 2 Folder : 15
Box: 3 Folder : 1
Box: 5 Folder : 3
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Korean War: Censorship
Jan-Oct 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Korean War: Christmas
Dec 25, 1950
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Korean War: Eisenhower
Dec 1952-Apr 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 15
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Korean War: Eisenhower/Dulles
Aug 17, 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Korean War: Eisenhower/Stevenson
Oct 13, 1952
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Korean War: MacArthur
Apr 30, 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Korean War: Socialist Workers Party
Oct 27, 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Korean War: Truman
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Labor
Feb 1945-May 1952, undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2
Box: 6 Folder : 6
Box: 5 Folder : 8-9
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Labor: AFL-CIO
Apr 21, 1945
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3 Labor: Anti-Labor Laws
Jan-Mar 1947, undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Labor: Automation
Dec 13, 1954
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Labor: Autoworkers
Dec 1945, Sep 1957
Box: 3 Folder : 2
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Labor: Beck, Dave
Oct 1953, Apr 1957
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Labor: Big Business
Apr 8, 1944
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Labor: Case Bill
Jun 22, 1946
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Labor: Democratic Party
Nov 1952
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Labor: Fair Deal
Nov 1, 1949
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3 Labor: Fair Employment Practices Commission
Jul 1945-May1950
Box: 3 Folder : 2
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Labor: Food
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Labor: Hillman, Sydney
Dec 30, 1944, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 4
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Labor: International Solidarity
Apr 24, 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Labor: KKK
undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Labor: Labor Leaders
Apr 1945-Sep 1955
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Labor: Lay-offs
May 12, 1945
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Labor: Lewis, John L.
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Labor: Little Steel Formula
May 13, 1944
: 1 Folder : 1 Folder : 1 Labor: May Day
Apr 26, 1947
Box: 3 Folder : 3
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Labor: Meany, George
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Labor: Miners
May 1946-Mar 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 8
Box: 3 Folder : 4
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Labor: Murray, Phillip
Nov 1949-Dec 1950
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Labor: New York Dodgers
undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3 Labor: No Strike Pledge
Jun 30, 1945, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 12
Box: 6 Folder : 10
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Labor: Profits
Dec 3, 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Labor: Railroad Workers
Feb-Apr 1951
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Labor: Reuther, Walter
Mar 12, 1951, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Labor: Soldiers (unity)
Jan 12, 1946
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Labor: Steel
Sep-Oct 1949
Box: 6 Folder : 11
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Labor: Strike Breakers
Mar 14, 1949
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Labor: Strikes, Strike Laws
Mar 1945-Aug 1953, undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1-3
Box: 6 Folder : 11-12
Box: 5 Folder : 5
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Labor: Strikes, Strike Laws (GM)
Dec 1945-Mar 1946
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Labor: Strikes, Strike Laws (Miners)
Nov 1946-Apr 1947
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Labor: Strikes, Strike Laws (Steel)
Jul 14, 1952
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Labor: Strikes, Strike Laws (Taft-Hartley)
Dec 1948-Dec 1956, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 7
Box: 6 Folder : 12
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Labor: Strikes, Strike Laws (UAW)
Oct 24, 1955
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Labor: Textiles
Mar 3, 1945
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Labor: Unemployment
Jun 1945-Dec 1957, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 14
Box: 5 Folder : 7
Box: 6 Folder : 11
Box: 6 Folder : 7
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Labor: Unity
Jun-Dec 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Labor: Wage Freeze
Mar 1945-Jul 1951
Box: 5 Folder : 7
Box: 1 Folder : 15
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Labor: Wage Stabilization Board
Feb 1951-Feb 1952
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 Labor: Wages
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 8
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Labor: Wages/Unemployment
Jan 16, 1950
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 5 Labor: Workers of the World Unite
Apr 28, 1945
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Latin America
May 18, 1946
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Liberation Struggles
Dec 1956-Apr 1957
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Lynching
Aug 1946-Jan 1952
Box: 1 Folder : 16
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Lynching: Eastland
Mar 1956-Jan 1957
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Lynching: Post-WWII
Sep 28, 1946
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Malenkov, Georgy
Mar 16, 1953
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Mao Tsetung
Apr 25, 1955
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 McCarran-Kilgore Bill
Sep 25, 1950
Box: 1 Folder : 11 McCarthy, Joseph
May 18, 1953, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 9-10
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Meat Trust
Mar 1945-May 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 16
Box: 1 Folder : 16 The Militant (25th Anniversary)
Nov 9, 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Military
Sep 24, 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Military: West Point
Aug 13, 1951
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Montgomery: Carpool
undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 Mundt Bill
May 1948, Mar 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 10
Box: 3 Folder : 10 NAACP: Derrick, John
Mar 5, 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Negatives
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Oil Scandal: Ickes
Feb 23, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Peace Time Conscription
Nov 1945-Mar 1946
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1 Peace Time Conscription: Wall Street
Jun 23, 1945
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Photostats
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Police
undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 Political Parties
Nov 1946-Sep 1948
Box: 5 Folder : 12
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Political Parties: Big Business
Oct 21, 1944
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Political Parties: Bill of Rights
Aug-Oct 1950
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Political Parties: Campaign Promises
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Political Parties: Democrats
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Political Parties: Democrats/Republicans
Nov 1950-Oct 1951, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 11
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Political Parties: Eisenhower/Stevenson
Oct 6, 1952
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Political Parties: Kefauver, Estes
1952
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Political Parties: KKK
Aug 18, 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Political Parties: Labor
Oct 1950, May 1952, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 11
Box: 1 Folder : 18
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Political Parties: Labor Party
Apr 1951-Apr 1952, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 9
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2
Box: 1 Folder : 19
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Political Parties: Marshall
Oct 18, 1948
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Political Parties: Socialist Workers Party
Nov 1944-Oct 1956, undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2
Box: 6 Folder : 5
Box: 6 Folder : 7
Box: 3 Folder : 11
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 Political Parties: Special Session
Jul-Aug 1948
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 Political Parties: Wallace
Jun-Oct 1948
Box: 5 Folder : 12
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Political Prisoners
Jun 10, 1944
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Political Prisoners: Trenton Two
Jun 25, 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Poll Tax
May 6, 1944
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1 Post-WWII
Feb-Jul 1945, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 13
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Post-WWII: Big Three Unity
May 25, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Post-WWII: Big Three Unity
May 25, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Post-WWII: Jewish Refugees
Aug 24, 1946
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Post-WWII: Unemployment
May 1945
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Post-WWII: United Nations
Jul 7, 1945
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Post-WWII: Wages
Oct 14, 1944
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Post-WWII: Yalta
Feb 17, 1945
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Puerto Rico
Nov 13, 1950
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Rearmament
Apr 7, 1952
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1 Rent
Nov 1946-Jun 1950
Box: 5 Folder : 3
Box: 1 Folder : 20
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1 Rich Bitch Series
Mar 1945-Apr 1947, undated
Box: 4 Folder : 1-11
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Roosevelt, President Franklin Delano
Dec 1944-Mar 1945
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Roosevelt, President Franklin Delano: Montgomery Ward
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 12 School Segregation
Oct 1954-Oct 1956, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 12
Box: 3 Folder : 12 School Segregation: Little Rock
Sep 16, 1957
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2 Smith Act
Aug 2, 1948
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Socialist Education: Eastland
Jun 3, 1957
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Stalin, Joseph
Mar 1953-Jul 1956
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Stalinism
Apr 1950, Apr 1956, undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 2
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Stalinism: Political Prisoner
Jan 15, 1951
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Stevenson, Adlai: Campaign
Sep 1, 1952
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Stone, Lucy
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Syria
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Taft
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 20-21 Taxes
Oct 1945-Aug 1954
Box: 5 Folder : 14
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Tidelands Oil Steal
May-Sep 1953
Box: 3 Folder : 13
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Till, Emmett
Sep-Oct 1955
Box: 3 Folder : 13
Box: 6 Folder : 6-8 Truman, President Harry
Jan 1947-Dec 1948, undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1-2
Box: 3 Folder : 14
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Truman, President Harry: Campaign
Jun 2, 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Truman, President Harry: Christmas
Dec 1949, Dec 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 14
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Truman, President Harry: Colonial Revolts
Jan-Mar 1952
Box: 1 Folder : 22
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Truman, President Harry: Excess Profits Tax
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Truman, President Harry: Housing
May 2, 1949
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Truman, President Harry: MacArthur
Dec 11, 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Truman, President Harry: Opa Bill
Jul-Aug 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 1
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1 Truman, President Harry: Truman Doctrine
Apr 5, 1947
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Truman, President Harry: Witch-Hunts
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Unidentified
Jun 1946, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 9
Box: 6 Folder : 1 USSR: Peace Conference
Aug 24, 1946
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1-2 Wall Street
Jul 1945-Sep 1948
Box: 6 Folder : 1
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Wall Street: Christmas
Dec 1948
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Wall Street: Elections
Nov 3, 1952
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Wall Street: Imperialism
undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 1 Wall Street: Labor
Feb 15, 1947
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Wall Street: War
Oct 4, 1948
Box: 6 Folder : 2 War: A-Bomb
Oct 3, 1949
Box: 6 Folder : 2 War: Fair Deal/War Pact
Jan 1949-Jan 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 15
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 4 War: Imperialism
Jul 18, 1949
Box: 3 Folder : 15
Box: 1 Folder : 23 War Budget
Feb 1952, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 11
Box: 3 Folder : 16 War Budget: Eisenhower
Jan 28, 1957
Box: 3 Folder : 16 War Contracts
Oct 25, 1954
Box: 1 Folder : 23 War Contracts: GM
Feb 2, 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 23 War Labor Board
Jul 1944-Feb 1945, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 2
Box: 6 Folder : 12
Box: 6 Folder : 12 War Labor Board: Little Steel Formula
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 3 War Preparations: Housing
May 4, 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 23 War Profits
Aug 1945, Apr 1953
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3 War Profits: Cover of the Militant, Leon Trotsky Memorial Issue
Aug 18, 1945
Box: 3 Folder : 16 War Profits: Labor
Aug 1955, Dec 1957
Box: 6 Folder : 4 World War II
Oct 1945, Mar 1946, undated
: 1 Drawer : 1 Folder : 3
Box: 6 Folder : 8
Box: 6 Folder : 3 World War II: Army Jim Crow
Oct 28, 1944
Box: 6 Folder : 3 World War II: Atlantic Charter
Dec 30, 1944
Box: 1 Folder : 23 World War II: No Strike Pledge
Jun 10, 1944
Box: 6 Folder : 3 World War II: Socialism
May 11, 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 4 World War II: Wall Street
Apr-Oct 1946
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Yugoslavia
Jun 5, 1950
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Yugoslavia: Capitalism
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Yugoslavia: Tito, Marshall
May 29, 1950

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Series II: Reference Binders

Scope and Content Note

Contains 9 reference binders, which consist of photocopies of 512 of the original cartoons. The cartoons in this series are individually numbered. There are 2 binders which depict Gray's "Rich Bitch" series. Also contains clippings of Gray's cartoons as they appeared in The Militant from 1951-1953.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Binders 1-5
1944-1952
Box: 8 Binders 6-9
1945-1947, 1953-1957, undated
Box: 8 Folder : 1-3 Cartoon Clippings
1951-1953

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