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Guide to the Daily Worker and  Daily World Photographs Collection  PHOTOS.223

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Hillel Arnold. Finding aid by Hillel Arnold, Erika Gottfried and Michael Nash.

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 03, 2019
Finding aid is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Box numbers updated to match rehousing efforts.  , September 2018

Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (or related rights to publicity and privacy) for materials in this collection, created by the Communist Party, USA was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Collection name; Collection number; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Materials at Other Repositories

People's World Photograph Collection. Labor Archives & Research Center, San Francisco State University.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

The Daily Worker and The Daily World Negatives Collection (PHOTOS 223.1)
Communist Party of the United States of America Audio Collection (TAM 132.1)
Communist Party of the United States of America Oral Histories (OH 065)
Communist Party of the United States of America Printed Ephemera Collection (PE 031)
Communist Party of the United States of America Records (TAM 132)
Bill Andrews Archive (GRAPHICS 038)
Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Photographs (PHOTOS 018)

Although the Daily Worker and  Daily World Photographs Collection and the  Daily Worker and  Daily World Negatives Collection have the same provenance, the original order of each collection was very different from the other. Negatives were arranged by shoot, while prints were arranged by personal name or subject. As a result, finding a corresponding negative for a given print (or vice versa) is not always easy or even possible.

Separated Materials

Original cartoons and artwork were separated to the Daily Worker/Daily World Cartoons Collection (GRAPHICS 024). Printed ephemera was separated to the Communist Party of the United States of America Printed Ephemera Collection (PE 031). Negatives were separated to the Daily Worker/Daily World Negatives Collection (PHOTOS 223.1)

Although the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection and the Daily Worker and Daily World Negatives Collection have the same provenance, the original order of each collection was very different from the other. Negatives were arranged chronologically by shoot, while prints were arranged alphabetically by personal name or subject. As a result, finding a corresponding negative for a given print (or vice versa) is not always easy or even possible.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

The collection contains positive images produced using a number of photographic processes. The most common of these are black and white silver gelatin prints. Color prints are also present. These materials are stored in folders titled "Prints." Some of these prints were improperly fixed and are extremely discolored; in these cases they were separated from stable prints for preservation purposes and stored in separate folders titled, "Poorly Processed Prints."

In addition, the collection contains Unifax prints, which were produced by United Press International's first generation of Unifax machines. Characterized by an extremely thin fiber support and loss of highlight detail due to a continuing developing out process, these images are highly chemically unstable. These materials are stored in folders titled "Unifax Prints."

There are also pre-press proofs, which are camera-ready halftone images printed on resin coated paper, adhered to a backing. These are the images as they were cropped and captioned to appear in the Daily Worker or  Daily World. Captions are usually attached with pressure sensitive tape or heat activated adhesives. These materials are stored in folders titled "Pre-Press Prints."

Two kinds of prints, both produced using thermal processes, are also present in the collection. The first set of these are images produced through United Press International's second generation of Unifax machines, printed on glossy white paper via a non-silver gelatin electrostatic process. Although not as unstable as other thermal prints, the images have faded slightly and have lost detail in the highlights. The second set comes from the Associated Press' LaserPhoto and LeafDesk service, and were reproduced with a silver thermal gelatin thermal process. These prints are highly light-sensitive, and are very discolored. They, also, have been separated from prints, and both types are stored in folders titled "Thermal Prints."

The collection also contains a small number of photographic images clipped from newspapers, magazines and journals, stored in folders titled "Clippings."

Finally, a small number of non-photographic material is present in the collection, including clippings of cartoons, logos and other graphical material, as well as photocopies of original artwork; these are stored in folders titled "Graphics."

 

Sponsorship Information

Detailed processing for this collection was made possible by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The bulk of the Daily Worker and  Daily World Photographs Collection was transferred to the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives as part of the donation of the Communist Party of the USA archives and the Library of the Reference Center for Marxist Studies in the summer of 2006. The accession numbers associated with the CPUSA material are 2006.052 and NPA.2007.010.

Additions to the collection include a small number of photographs separated from records of the Communist Party of the United States of America (TAM 132), as well as seven linear feet of material received from Daily World staff photographer and artist Bill Andrews in January 2010. The accession number associated with the Bill Andrews materials is 2011.120.

The indices that comprise Series IV were discovered in the repository and added to the collection in 2014. The accession number associated with these materials is 2014.134.

Processing Information

Materials were placed in new acid-free folders and boxes. Unifax, Pre-Press Prints and Poorly Processed Prints were placed in separate folders from Prints and Thermal Prints.

Most original folder titles were not changed, with the exception of forming personal names according the authorized version found in the Library of Congress' Name Authority File, and standardizing some terms with an eye to consistency and removing anachronistic, unclear or misleading language (for example, "Negro" and "Black" were replaced with "African American," and "Indian" was replaced with terms that more accurately describe the subjects' ethnicity). In addition, "See also" references written on the outside of the original folders were transferred to the container list.

Date spans of materials' creation or publication were also added to any folders originally lacking that information.

Indices discovered in the repository in 2014 were added to the collection as Series IV.

Sources

"Daily Worker." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 30 June 2011. Web. 20 Sep. 2011.

"Daily Worker (and Successors)." Encyclopedia of the American Left. Mari Jo Buhle, Paul Buhle and Dan Georgakas. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Gottfried, Erika. "Shooting Back: The Daily Worker Photographs Collection," American Communist History, 12:1, 41-69 (Spring 2013).

Schappes, Morris U. "The Daily Worker: Heir to the Great Tradition." New York: Daily Worker. Jan 1944.