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Guide to the Social Democratic Federation of America Records TAM.011

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Tamiment Staff

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on April 26, 2019
Finding aid written in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Updated by Amy C. Vo to reflect container list changes due to rehousing  , March 2019

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Social Democratic Federation of America
Title: Social Democratic Federation of America Records
Dates [inclusive]: 1933-1956
Abstract: The Social Democratic Federation of America (SDF) was organized in 1936 after the split in the Socialist Party between the Old Guard and the Militants. It was able to attract many of the traditional Socialist Party sources of support and its activities were directed by many prominent Socialist Party members, including August Claessens, Algernon Lee, Leo Meltzer, James Oneal and Louis Waldman. The SDF sought to promote the principles of social democracy and independent political action. In the late 1930's, SDF was associated with the American Labor Party of New York and the People's Party. During the 1940's and early 1950's, SDF's membership and influence declined forcing merger negotiations with the Socialist Party. The merger was affected in 1957. Contains correspondence with state branches; records of the national office and national executive committee; extensive records (1936-1956) of the New York City local, including correspondence, minutes, and financial records; material on Jewish Socialist Verband, Camp Tamiment (Pa.), the Fred Beal case, which grew out of the 1919 strike in Gastonia, N.C., WEVD (1933-1935) and various committees formed by the federation; also includes clippings on Jasper McLevy, national chairman.
Quantity: 7 Linear Feet in 14 manuscript boxes.
Location: Materials are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use. Please request materials at least two business days prior to your research visit to coordinate access.
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: TAM.011

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Historical Note

The Social Democratic Federation of America (SDF) was organized in 1936 after the split in the Socialist Party ranks between the Old Guard and the Militants. Although not an official political party like the Socialist Party, the SDF was a political organization which consisted of the following groups: (1) Socialist Party state branches, particularly those in New York, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and Maryland; (2) Socialist Party municipal locals, particularly those in Reading, Pennsylvania, under the leadership of James H. Maurer, and Bridgeport, Connecticut, under the leadership of Mayor Jasper McLevy; (3) labor parties, especially members of the American Labor Party of New York, the FarmerLabor Party of Minnesota, and the Non Partisan League; and (4) socialist foreign language organizations, like the Jewish Socialist Verband and the Finnish Socialist Federation. During its formative period, the SDF was not only able to attract many of the traditional Socialist Party sources of financial support, but its activities were also directed by many prominent members of the Socialist Party, including August Claessens, Algernon Lee, Leo Meltzer, James Oneal, and Louis Waldman.

During its 20 year history, the SDF sought to promote the principles of social democracy and independent political action. Such ideals were realized through a variety of activities concerning domestic and international issues. Regarding the domestic issues, the SDF sought legislation to amend the National Labor Relations Act, supported Franklin D. Roosevelt in his Presidential campaigns in 1940 and 1944, called upon all labor organizations to unite against communist groups in the United States, and endorsed civil rights legislation. Internationally, the SDF played a vital role in various programs that brought German refugee children to the United States. The SDF also supported American participation in World War II, opposed Mahatma Gandhi's independence movement in India during the war, and assisted in the relocation of Jewish refugees after the war.

Like the Socialist Party, the SDF was also plagued by bitter internal conflicts. One of the major controversies affecting the organization in the late 1930s and early 1940s was its relationship with the American Labor Party of New York. When the New York Old Guard became the New York State division of the SDF in 1936, they adopted the name "People's Party" and subsequently joined the American Labor Party. From the perspective of the People's Party, this linkage with the American Labor Party was seen as an opportunity to help organize a formidable labor party, support Franklin D. Roosevelt in his Presidential reelection bid, and still remain outside the realm of conventional party politics. Ironically, however, the members of the People's Party, who had earlier withdrawn from the Socialist Party on the grounds that it was overly sympathetic towards communism, were now closely associated with an organization which was controlled by communists. The unsettling relationship with the American Labor Party ultimately caused such influential SDF figures as Louis Waldman and Leo Meltzer to resign from the organization.

Another conflict within the SDF involved the New Leader and its editor, James Oneal. Shortly after the SDF was established in the fall of 1936, the editorial board of the  New Leader withdrew its support for the Socialist Party and joined the new organization. The relationship between the  New Leader staff and the SDF executive committee was never cordial, since both groups held differing opinions as to what the editorial policy of the newspaper should be. These disagreements became so large in scope and so emotional in tone that James Oneal finally resigned as editor in 1940. In his resignation letter, Oneal stated that the  New Leader had become a liberal, progressive publication instead of a significant SDF organ and that the  New Leader had failed to strengthen the SDF overall. Following Oneal's resignation, the editorial board of the  New Leader and the SDF leadership continued to fight over the proper editorial policy for the publication. Eventually, the staff of the  New Leader split from the SDF.

During the 1940s and early 1950s, the SDF experienced a drastic decline in its membership and influence. Much of this decline can be attributed to three major factors: (1) the general decline in the popularity of socialism throughout this period; (2) the movement of many socialists, social democrats, and progressive liberals into the Americans for Democratic Action and other liberal organizations; and (3) the suspicions generated by the SDF's association with the American Labor Party. By the early 1950s, this decline forced the SDF leadership to begin serious negotiations with the Socialist Party on a possible merger. Attempts at uniting these two organizations began as early as 1937 and continued through the 1940s without much success. At this point in time, however, the mutual decline of both organizations had prompted a reassessment of the merger issue. Finally, in 1957, after several years of negotiations, the SDF merged with the Socialist Party.

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Scope and Contents

The Social Democratic Federation of America Records, 1933-1956, consist of 89 files (some containing more than one folder), organized into nine series. Each file has been given a microfilm frame number. In the representative frame number (X:1), the arabic numeral "1" indicates that this is the first file, while the roman numeral "X" indicates that the SDF Records are the tenth collection in the microfilm publication Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956.

The materials contained in this collection include correspondence, financial papers, minutes, resolutions, ephemeral printed matter, reports, press releases, memoranda, lists, ballots, statements, position papers, political platforms, form letters, and circular letters. Each subject file within these sections has been assigned a frame number. Both the sections and the subject files have been cited in the complete reel list which follows this description of the arrangement of the collection.

Arrangement

Correspondence folders are arranged chonologically, the remainder, alphabetically. Arranged in nine series:

Series I. National Files

Series II. State and International Files

Series III. Jewish Socialist Verband Files

Series IV. Committee Files

Series V. Financial Files

Series VI. Literature Files

Series VII. New York City Files

Series VIII. New York State Files

Series IX. Miscellaneous (not microfilmed)

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • McLevy, Jasper, 1878-1962
  • Maurer, James H. (James Hudson), 1864-
  • Beal, Fred Erwin, 1896-1954
  • Debs, Theodore, 1864-1945
  • Claessens, August, 1885-1954
  • Lee, Algernon
  • Oneal, James, 1875-1962
  • Russell, Charles Edward, 1860-1941
  • Meltzer, Leo
  • Mooney, Thomas J., 1882-1942
  • Waldman, Louis, 1892-
  • Lewis, Lena Morrow

Document Type

  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Correspondence.
  • Account books.
  • Minutes (administrative records)

Subject Organizations

  • Socialist Party (U.S.)
  • Jewish Socialist Verband
  • WEVD (Radio station) New York, N.Y.
  • Social Democratic Youth
  • New Leader (New York, N.Y. : 1924)
  • People's Party (N.Y.)
  • American Labor Party
  • Socialist Party-Social Democratic Federation

Subject Topics

  • Textile Workers' Strike, Gastonia, N.C., 1929.
  • Beal Case.
  • Labor unions -- United States.
  • Socialists -- United States.

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Administrative Information

Custodial History

This collection was transferred to NYU in 1963 from the Tamiment Institute Library. There is no earlier provenace information about this collection. The accession number 1963.018 is associated with this collection.

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (or related rights to publicity and privacy) for materials in this collection, created by the Social Democratic Federation of America, was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Social Democratic Federation of America Records; TAM 011; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956 (Tamiment Microfilm: Film R-7124)

Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956: a Guide to the Microfilm Edition.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Due to the fragile nature of the original materials, researchers must use the microfilmed version; microfilm call number is Film R-7124, Reels 15-18. Series IX is not availbale on microfilm.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The provenance of this collection is unknown. The accession number associated with this collection is 1963.018.

Processing Information

Decisions regarding arrangement, description, and physical interventions for this collection prior to 2019 are unknown. In 2019, materials were rehoused in new acid-free folders and boxes in preparation for offsite storage.

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Container List

Series I. National Files

Scope and Contents Note

This series contains considerable correspondence pertaining to a variety of SDF affairs and the first SDF convention held at Pittsburgh in 1937. The items within each of these five files are arranged in chronological order. The bulk of the national correspondence (X:l, X:2) pertains to such routine SDF matters as scheduling meetings and special events, receiving dues, resolving membership problems, handling literature requests, and organizing fund raising campaigns. Besides these routine items, the correspondence also contains information on the Socialist Party split in 1936, the controversial alliance between the SDF and the American Labor Party, the numerous attempts to unite the Socialist Party with the SDF, the recruitment of SDF members and the defection of Socialist Party locals to the SDF, the repudiation of the "Popular Front" issue, the SDF's strong support for American participation in World War II, the SDF's attitude towards the 1940 and 1944 Presidential campaigns, the SDF's support for full employment and fair employment practices, the decline of the SDF in the late 1940s and early 1950s, and the steps taken towards the 1957 merger of the SDF and the Socialist Party. Most of the correspondence is from August Claessens, but there are numerous letters from Leo Meltzer, Algernon Lee, William Karlin, Sarah Limbach, Louis Waldman, Tom Mooney, Lena Morrow Lewis, Sonia Teitelman, Jasper McLevy, Roger Baldwin, Darlington Hoopes, Esther Friedman, James Oneal, George H. Goebel, and Norman Thomas. The SDF convention files (X:3 X:5) include press releases, organizational papers, correspondence, minutes, resolutions, and the SDF constitution and bylaws.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1937
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1938
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1939
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1940
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1941
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1942
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1943
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1944
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1945
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1946
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1947-1951
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1952
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

Jan 1953-Apr 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

May 1953-Dec 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1954
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:1

1955-1957
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Miscellaneous / General Items

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:2

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 National Convention: Roll, Press Releases, Organization

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:3

Apr 5, 1937-May 1, 1937
Box: 2 Folder : 8 National Convention: Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:4

Feb 22 1937-Nov 16, 1937
Box: 2 Folder : 9 National Convention: Minutes, Resolution, Constitution

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:5

May 1937

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Series II. State and International Files

Scope and Contents Note

This series contains files on 42 state branches, the District of Columbia, and four countries, including Argentina (X:50), Canada (X:51), Mexico (X:52), and Switzerland (X:53). There is also a file on the armed forces which is located between the state and international files (X:49). The largest files in this part of the collection pertain to state branches in California (X:8), Florida (X:13), Illinois (X:15), Massachusetts (X:25), and the District of Columbia (X:46). Most of the other state branches as well as the foreign countries have relatively small files. The state branch files are arranged in alphabetical order according to the name of the state. The international files are also arranged in alphabetical order and are located after the state branch files. Items within each state branch and international file have been arranged in chronological order, with undated items placed at the end of the file.

The contents of the state and international files relate primarily to such routine organizational matters as literature requests, membership and dues problems, and meetings. of special interest in these files are the papers of Mayor Jasper McLevy of Bridgeport, Connecticut (X:11). Other interesting items within these files are the Indiana State Executive Committee minutes (X:18) and the Pennsylvania State Executive Committee minutes (X:37).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Alabama

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:6

May 24, 1942-Oct 11, 1946
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Arizona

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:7

Jan 6, 1937-Nov 27, 1946
Box: 2 Folder : 12 California

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:8

Jul 16, 1936-1937
Box: 2 Folder : 13 California

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:8

1938
Box: 2 Folder : 14 California

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:8

1939
Box: 3 Folder : 1 California

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:8

1940
Box: 3 Folder : 2 California

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:8

1941
Box: 3 Folder : 3 California

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:8

1942
Box: 3 Folder : 4 California

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:8

1943
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Colorado

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:9

May 25, 1937-Dec 14, 1942
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Connecticut: Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:10

Feb 18, 1936-Dec 6, 1946
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Connecticut, State Central Committee; Mayor Jasper McLevy, Materials and Clippings

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:11

Oct 24, 1937-Nov 8, 1939
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Delaware

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:12

Apr 22, 1942
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Florida

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:13

1936-1939
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Florida

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 15, Frame X:13

1940-1946
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Georgia

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:14

Jun 16, 1937-Feb 10, 1944
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Idaho

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:15

Jul 1937-Nov 22, 1938
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Illinois

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:16

1936-1938
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Illinois

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:16

1939-1940
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Illinois

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:16

1941
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Illinois

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:16

1942-1944, 1946
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Indiana: Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:17

Oct 26, 1936-Dec 28, 1943
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Indiana, State Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:18

1937 July 10 - 1939 June 11
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Iowa

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:19

Oct 7 1936-Dec 5, 1946
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Kansas

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:20

Dec 9, 1937-Jul 7, 1939
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Kentucky

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:21

Nov 27, 1937-Oct 24, 1939
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Louisiana

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:22

Sep 27, 1946-Nov 26, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Maine

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:23

Jun 15, 1937-Feb 15, 1944
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Maryland

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:24

Jul 26, 1937-Dec 24, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Massachusetts

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:25

1937-1939
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Massachusetts

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:25

1940-1941
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Massachusetts

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:25

1942-1944, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Michigan

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:26

Jan 20, 1937-Nov 25, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Minnesota

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:27

1937-1942
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Missouri

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:28

Nov 25, 1936-Aug 19, 1943
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Montana

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:29

Dec 1937-May 3, 1939
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Nevada

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:30

Dec 28, 1936-Dec 31, 1937
Box: 5 Folder : 12 New Hampshire

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:31

Jul 6, 1938-May 4, 1939
Box: 5 Folder : 13 North Carolina

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:32

Mar 1, 1939-Jan 29, 1940
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Ohio

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:33

Oct 13, 1936-Nov 23, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 15 Oklahoma

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:34

Feb 2, 1938-Oct 16, 1946
Box: 5 Folder : 16 Oregon

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:35

Dec 11, 1936-May 11, 1942
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Pennsylvania: Corresp

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:36

Mar 17, 1936-Oct 28, 1947
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Pennsylvania: [a] Local Berks County, Dues Report; [b] State Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:37

1937 , Feb 1940-Apr 1940
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Rhode Island

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:38

Dec 28, 1936-Dec 8, 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 4 South Dakota

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:39

Jul 1, 1937-Dec 11, 1939
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Tennessee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:40

Jan 22, 1938 , May 4, 1942
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Texas

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:41

Mar 1, 1939-Mar 7, 1939
Box: 6 Folder : 7 Utah

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:42

Oct 23, 1936-Jun 10, 1938
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Vermont

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:43

Dec 8, 1936-Nov 6, 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Virginia

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:44

Nov 2, 1937-Oct 1, 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Washington

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, FrameX:45

Oct 25, 1937-Nov 25, 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Washington, D.C.

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:46

Jul 29, 1936-Jul 1938
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Washington, D.C.

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:46

1938-1939
Box: 6 Folder : 13 Washington, D.C.

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:46

1940
Box: 6 Folder : 14 Washington, D.C.

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:46

1941-1946
Box: 6 Folder : 15 Wisconsin

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:47

Apr 20, 1937-Oct 5, 1943
Box: 6 Folder : 16 Wyoming

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:48

Mar 3, 1937-Jan 24, 1938
Box: 6 Folder : 17 Armed Forces

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:49

Apr 22, 1941-May 31, 1931
Box: 6 Folder : 18 Argentina

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:50

Sep 18, 1946-Oct 4, 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 19 Canada

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:51

Jul 14, 1938-Dec 9, 1946
Box: 6 Folder : 20 Mexico

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:52

Nov 12, 1937-Jan 13, 1938
Box: 6 Folder : 21 Switzerland

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:53

May 4, 1938-May 30, 1939

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Series III. Jewish Socialist Verband Files

Scope and Contents Note

The Jewish Socialist Verband Files contain a correspondence file (X:54) and a dues report (X:55). The items within these two files are arranged in chronological order. Besides several routine items, these papers contain information on the close relationship between this prominent socialist organization and the SDF.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 22 Jewish Socialist Verband, Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:54

Jun 7, 1937-Mar 11, 1940
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Jewish Socialist Verband, Dues Report

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:55

Nov 15, 1937-Jan 1940

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Series IV. Committee Files

Scope and Contents Note

This series contains 11 files which pertain to various SDF committees (X:56 X:66). The files are arranged in alphabetical order according to the name of the committee. Items within each committee file have been arranged in chronological order. One of the most interesting files in this section pertains to the Fred E. Beal case (X:56). In 1938 and 1939, the SDF conducted a vigorous campaign in support of the release of Fred E. Beal who was serving a 17 to 20 year prison term for being convicted of murdering a police chief during the 1929 Gastonia, North Carolina, textile workers strike. It was the SDF's belief that Beal was convicted because of his association with the Communist Party and his labor organizing activities. Another important file in this section pertains to the Spanish Workers Fund (X:65). The SDF organized the Spanish Workers Fund in the mid 1930s for the purpose of offering financial assistance, food, and medical supplies to the supporters of the Loyalists during the Spanish Civil War. Two other prominent files in this section pertain to the National Committee for the Protection and Welfare of Persecuted and oppressed European Victims (X:62) and the Women's Committee of the SDF (X:66).

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Beal Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:56

Feb 28, 1938-Jun 9, 1939
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Camp Tamiment

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:57

Jun 8, 1937-Jun 25, 1939
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Committee on Cooperatives

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:58

Oct 1937-Apr 1905
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Committee on Cooperatives

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:58

1939
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Committee on Cooperatives

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:58

Jan 2, 1940-Jun 3, 1940
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Committee on Labor Contracts

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:59

Jul 2, 1937
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Organization Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:60

May 22, 1937-Sep 16, 1943
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Committee on Political Contacts

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:61

Jun 16, 1937-Sep 2, 1938
Box: 7 Folder : 10 National Committee for the Protection and Welfare of Persecuted and Oppressed European Victims

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:62

1937-1939
Box: 7 Folder : 11 Publicity Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:63

Jun 14, 1937-Nov 28, 1951
Box: 7 Folder : 12 Emergency Relief Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:64

Jun 15, 1937-Jan 17, 1940
Box: 7 Folder : 13 Spanish Workers Fund

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:65

Aug 4, 1936-Dec 30, 1936
Box: 7 Folder : 14 Spanish Workers Fund

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:65

1937-1942
Box: 7 Folder : 15 Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 16, Frame X:66

Dec 13, 1943-Jan 6, 1953

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Series V: Financial Files

Scope and Contents Note

This series contains accounts receivable (X:67), bequests (X:68), charters (X:69), mailing lists (X:70), miscellaneous papers (X:71), pledges (X:72), and pledge cards (X:73). These files are arranged in alphabetical order according to the document type. Items within each file are arranged in chronological order.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 8 Folder : 1 Accounts Receivable

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:67

Jun 28, 1938-Oct 1940
Box: 8 Folder : 2 Bequests

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:68

Nov 30, 1938-Nov 29, 1943
Box: 8 Folder : 3 Charters

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:69

Jul 12, 1937-Aug 1, 1939
Box: 8 Folder : 4 Mailing Lists

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:70

undated
Box: 8 Folder : 5 Finances, Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:71

Jun 14, 1937-Apr 17, 1939
Box: 8 Folder : 6 Finances: Dues Pledges

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:72

1937-1938
Box: 8 Folder : 7 Finances: Dues Pledges

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:72

1939-1946
Box: 8 Folder : 8 Pledge cards

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:73

1939
Box: 8 Folder : 9 Pledge cards

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:73

1939

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Series VI: Literature Files

Scope and Contents Note

The literature files contain literature committee papers (X:74), literature requests (X:75), Roosevelt campaign leaflet papers (X:76), New Leader SDF controversy papers (X:77 X:79). and miscellaneous items (X:80). These files are arranged in alphabetical order according to the title of the file. The only exception to this order are the  New Leader SDF controversy papers and the miscellaneous items. These four files follow the Roosevelt campaign leaflet file in the filming order. Items within each literature file are arranged in chronological order.

The New Leader SDF controversy files are the most interesting items in the literature section of this collection. These three files contain correspondence and statements relating to James Oneal's resignation as editor of the  New Leader, the prolonged dispute between the  New Leader's editorial board and the SDF leadership, the eventual withdrawal of the  New Leader from the SDF, and the early SDF discussions on the formation of a new publication. Among the major correspondents are August Claessens, James Oneal, Sol M. Levitas, and Algernon Lee.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 8 Folder : 10 Literature Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:74

Jun 14, 1937-Jun 29, 1939
Box: 9 Folder : 1 Literature Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:74

Sep 5, 1939-Jan 29, 1940
Box: 9 Folder : 2 Literature Requests

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:75

Jul 14, 1937-Jun 21, 1938
Box: 9 Folder : 3 Literature Requests

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:75

Jul 7, 1939-Dec 1, 1938
Box: 9 Folder : 4 Literature Requests

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:75

1939
Box: 9 Folder : 5 Literature Requests

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:75

1940
Box: 9 Folder : 6 Roosevelt Campaign Leaflet

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:76

Sep 27, 1940-Nov 7, 1940
Box: 9 Folder : 7 New Leader Oneal Resignation

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:77

Jun 1940-Aug 1940 , undated
Box: 9 Folder : 8 New Leader Social Democratic Federation Controversy, Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:78

Apr 1, 1941-Mar 25, 1943
Box: 9 Folder : 9 New Leader Social Democratic Federation Controversy, Statements

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:79

Dec 1941-Mar 9, 1943
Box: 9 Folder : 10 Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 17, Frame X:80

undated

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Series VII: New York City Files

Scope and Contents Note

This series constitutes the largest part of this collection, and contains correspondence, financial papers, minutes, resolutions, statements, position papers, reports, and memoranda. The bulk of the New York City material is correspondence (X:81). Most of the correspondence pertains to the 1930s and early 1940s, although there are items from the early 1950s. The correspondence relates primarily to such routine organizational matters as establishing new branches and locals; scheduling meetings, rallies, and special conferences; recording dues and other membership information; handling literature requests; and sponsoring bazaars and theater parties. There are items in the correspondence, however, which convey information about the first SDF convention in 1937, financial problems affecting the SDF, the defection of Socialist Party locals to the SDF, SDF's relationship with New York City unions, the Moscow Trials, socialist refugees from Europe who worked with the SDF, the death of B. Charney Vladeck in 1939, the 1940 campaign to attract young people into the SDF, the formation of the Social Democratic Youth in 1941, the decline in SDF membership during the early 1940s, and the SDF Bazaars in the early 1950s. The principal correspondent in this file is August Claessens, but there are also numerous letters from Julius Gerber, George Field, James Oneal, B. Charney Vladeck, Jacob Panken, Louis Waldman, Lena Morrow Lewis, Sonia Teitelman, Leo Meltzer, Mark Starr, Algernon Lee, Sol Levitas, Alfred Baker Lewis, and Adolph Warshow.

Other major files in this section are the minutes of the New York City Central and Executive Committee (X:83 and X:85, respectively) papers of radio station WEVD (X:88), and various miscellaneous items (X:87). The WEVD correspondence is especially interesting in that it contains information about programming, editorial viewpoints, and the use of air time by the SDF leadership. The miscellaneous file contains city convention reports and resolutions for 1945, 1946, and 1949; minutes of meetings which discuss the American Labor Party and New Leader controversies; Branch Officer and County Executive Committee minutes; and Grievance Committee reports.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 1 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Jan 1936-Jun 1939
Box: 10 Folder : 2 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Jul 1936-Dec 1936
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Jan 1937-Mar 1937
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Apr 1937-Jun 1937
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Jul 1937-Sep 1937
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Oct 1939-Dec 1937
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Jan 1938-Mar 1938
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Apr 1938-Jun 1938
Box: 11 Folder : 1 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

Jul 1938-Dec 1938
Box: 11 Folder : 2 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

Jan 1939-May 1939
Box: 11 Folder : 3 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

Jun 1939-Dec 1939
Box: 11 Folder : 4 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

Jan 1940-Jun 1940
Box: 11 Folder : 5 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

Jul 1940-Dec 1940
Box: 11 Folder : 6 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

Jan 1941-May 1941
Box: 11 Folder : 7 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

Jun 1941-Dec 1941
Box: 11 Folder : 8 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

1942
Box: 11 Folder : 9 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

1945
Box: 11 Folder : 10 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

1946
Box: 11 Folder : 11 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

1952
Box: 12 Folder : 1 Correspondence: Bazaar

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

Jan 1953-Mar 1953
Box: 12 Folder : 2 Correspondence: Bazaar

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:81

1953
Box: 12 Folder : 3 Correspondence: Theatre Party

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

1954
Box: 12 Folder : 4 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

1954
Box: 12 Folder : 5 Correspondence: Bazaar

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

1954
Box: 12 Folder : 6 Correspondence: Theatre Party

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

1955
Box: 12 Folder : 7 Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:81

1956
Box: 12 Folder : 8 Finances: Membership

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:82

1936
Box: 12 Folder : 9 Finances: Membership

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:82

1937-1938
Box: 12 Folder : 10 Finances: Bills

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:82

1939
Box: 12 Folder : 11 Finances: Bills

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:82

1940
Box: 12 Folder : 12 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1936
Box: 12 Folder : 13 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1937
Box: 12 Folder : 14 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1938
Box: 13 Folder : 1 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1939
Box: 13 Folder : 2 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1940
Box: 13 Folder : 3 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1941
Box: 13 Folder : 4 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1942-1943
Box: 13 Folder : 5 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1945-1946
Box: 13 Folder : 6 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1947
Box: 13 Folder : 7 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1948
Box: 13 Folder : 8 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1949
Box: 13 Folder : 9 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1950
Box: 13 Folder : 10 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1951
Box: 13 Folder : 11 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1952
Box: 13 Folder : 12 City Executive Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:83

1953-1954
Box: 13 Folder : 13 City Executive Committee: Correspondence & Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:84

undated
Box: 13 Folder : 14 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1936
Box: 13 Folder : 15 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1937
Box: 13 Folder : 16 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1938
Box: 13 Folder : 17 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1939
Box: 13 Folder : 18 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1940
Box: 13 Folder : 19 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1946-1947
Box: 13 Folder : 20 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1948
Box: 13 Folder : 21 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1949
Box: 13 Folder : 22 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1950
Box: 13 Folder : 23 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1951
Box: 13 Folder : 24 City Central Committee Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:85

1952
Box: 13 Folder : 25 City Convention of Local New York

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:86

May 1954
Box: 13 Folder : 26 Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:87

1939
Box: 13 Folder : 27 Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:87

1940
Box: 13 Folder : 28 Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:87

1941
Box: 13 Folder : 29 Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:87

1943-1944
Box: 13 Folder : 30 Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:87

1945
Box: 13 Folder : 31 Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:87

1946-1949
Box: 13 Folder : 32 WEVD

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:88

1933
Box: 13 Folder : 33 WEVD

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:88

1934
Box: 13 Folder : 34 WEVD

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:88

1935-1936
Box: 13 Folder : 35 WEVD

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:88

1938
Box: 13 Folder : 36 WEVD

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:88

1939
Box: 14 Folder : 1 WEVD

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:88

1940
Box: 14 Folder : 2 WEVD

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, FrameX:88

1941

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Series VIII: New York State File

Scope and Contents Note

The New York State files contain papers of the New York State branch of the SDF (X:89). The papers in this file consist of routine correspondence, credential reports for the 1936 Socialist Party convention, and minutes of the New York State Executive Committee and the 1941 New York State conference. The minutes have been interfiled with the correspondence and reports. The items within this file have been arranged in chronological order.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 3 Correspondence and Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:89

1936
Box: 14 Folder : 4 Correspondence and Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:89

1937
Box: 14 Folder : 5 Correspondence and Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:89

1938
Box: 14 Folder : 6 Correspondence and Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:89

1939
Box: 14 Folder : 7 Correspondence and Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 18, Frame X:89

1941-1942

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Series IX: Miscellaneous

Scope and Contents Note

The miscellaneous series contains several financial papers and a folder consisting of advertising layouts.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 14 Folder : 8-9 Financial Papers and Advertising Layouts
1937 , undated

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