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Guide to the August Claessens Papers TAM.021

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
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10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on March 25, 2019
Description is in English. using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Updated by Amy C. Vo to reflect container list changes due to rehousing  , March 2019

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Claessens, August, 1885-1954
Title: August Claessens Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1906-1963
Abstract: August Claessens was a leading educational and political figure in the Socialist Party. In the fall of 1917, Claessens was elected to the New York State Assembly, as a representative of one of Manhattan's Lower East Side assembly districts, and was one of five socialist assemblymen who the Assembly refused to seat after their 1919 reelections. In 1922, Claessens was allowed to take office after being re-elected for the third time. In the mid-1930s Claessens withdrew from the Socialist Party and became the executive secretary and, later, the national chairman of the Social Democratic Federation. Claessens held the position of national chairman until his death in 1954, and also ran unsuccessfully for a number of local and state offices. Claessens taught a variety of subjects at the Rand School of Social Science from the mid-1920s until his death in 1954, including public speaking, psychology, race relations, labor-management relations, socialist theory, politics, anthropology, and sex and society. Claessens also served as an instructor in several evening schools sponsored by various New York City labor unions. The collection contains manuscripts, lecture notes, correspondence, photographs, clippings, and printed ephemera.
Quantity: 2.5 Linear Feet in 5 manuscript boxes.
Location: Materials are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use. Please request materials at least two business days prior to your research visit to coordinate access.
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: TAM.021

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Biographical Note

August Claessens (1885-1954) was one of the most influential leaders in the educational and political development of the Socialist Party. Shortly after becoming a socialist in 1909, Claessens helped organize support for the Socialist Party within several New York City labor unions. In the fall of 1917, Claessens was elected to the New York State Assembly. As a representative of one of the Lower Manhattan assembly districts, Claessens drafted and worked for legislation pertaining to child labor, the penal code's procedures for obtaining an admission of quilt, the abolishment of the Volstead Act, the abolishment of the death penalty, and the regulation of police powers in suppressing strikes.

On April 1, 1920, Claessens was one of five socialist assemblymen who were expelled from the State Assembly on the grounds that membership in the Socialist Party constituted disloyalty to the United States. Although legally represented in the fight to retain his office by Charles Evans Hughes, a future United States Supreme Court Chief Justice, Claessens was denied his seat throughout the turbulent period of the Red Scare. In September 1920, Claessens was re-elected to the State Assembly in a special election, but again the anti-socialist forces, led by Assembly Speaker Thaddeus C. Sweet, refused to permit Claessens to take office. Finally, in 1922, Claessens was allowed to take office after being re-elected to the State Assembly for the third time.

In the mid-1930s Claessens withdrew from the Socialist Party and became the executive secretary and, later, the national chairman of the Social Democratic Federation. Claessens held the position of national chairman until his death in 1954. Besides his involvement with the Social Democratic Federation, Claessens also ran unsuccessfully for a number of local and state offices.

Claessens was one of the most active faculty members at the Rand School of Social Science. From the mid-1920s until his death in 1954, Claessens taught courses in such subject areas as public speaking, parliamentary procedure, psychology and social psychology, race relations, labor-management relations, socialist theory, contemporary politics, anthropology, and sex and society. Claessens also served as an instructor in several evening schools sponsored by various New York City labor unions. At these schools, Claessens primarily taught courses in public speaking and labor-management relations.

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Scope and Contents

The collection documents August Claessens's involvement with the Socialist Party and his work as a lecturer and New York State assemblyman, primarily from the 1920s to the 1940s. The majority of the collection consists of manuscripts and notes of Claessens's lectures, pamphlets, books, addresses, and statements, with emphasis on themes of labor, socialism, and socialist humor. Other genres of materials include correspondence, photographs, and biographical materials.

The researcher should note that an error was made in the targeting for this collection. On each frame the word "Series" appears adjacent to the frame number. This term should actually be interpreted as "Collection."

Arrangement

The collection is arranged into four series. The correspondence is arranged chronologically, the manuscript and lecture notes are arranged alphabetically, and Series III and IV are arranged topically.

I. Correspondence
II. Manuscript and Lecture Notes
III. Photographs and Printed Materials
IV. Biographical Clippings and Published Writings

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Branstetter, Otto
  • Steinke, Leo
  • Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933
  • Friedman, Esther
  • Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971
  • Russell, Charles Edward, 1860-1941
  • Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967

Document Type

  • Pamphlets.
  • Manuscripts for publication.
  • Lectures.
  • Photographs.
  • Speeches.
  • Articles.

Subject Organizations

  • Rand School of Social Science
  • Social Democratic Federation of America
  • Socialist Party (U.S.)

Subject Topics

  • Socialism -- United States.

Subject Places

  • New York (State) -- Politics and government.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Tamiment Library has no information about copyright ownership for this collection and is not authorized to grant permission to publish or reproduce materials from it. Materials in this collection, which were created in 1906 to 1963, are expected to enter the public domain in 2025.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; August Claessens Papers; TAM 021; box number; folder number or item identifier; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Several collections at the Tamiment Library (including the records of the Rand School of Social Science) have been microfilmed as one collection, the Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956 (Film R-7124). There is also a published guide to the microfilm collection, Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956: A Guide to the Microfilm Edition, edited by Thomas C. Pardo (REF HX81.T36).

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Due to the fragile nature of the original materials, researchers must use the microfilmed version, with the exception of Box 5; microfilm call number is Film R-7124, Reel 56.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the Rand School Archives, 1962. Earlier provenance information is unknown. The accession numbers 1962.006 and 1962.016 are associated with this collection.

Processing Information

Photographs were separated from this collection during initial processing and were established as a separate collection, the August Claessens Photographs (PHOTOS 069). In 2013, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the August Claessens Papers (TAM 021). In 2019, materials were rehoused in new acid-free folders and boxes in preparation for offsite storage.

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Container List

Series I. Correspondence, 1911-1963, 1911-1963

Scope and Content Note

Series I consists of letters and telegrams containing information on socialist publications and activities, Claessens's 50th birthday and 25th year as a Socialist Party member, and other personal matters. Several letters from Claessens emphasize the importance of humor in public speaking. Some of the prominent correspondents in this series include Morris Hillquit, Otto Branstetter, Leo Steinke, Esther Friedman, Carl Sandburg, Charles Edward Russell, and Adolf A. Berle, Jr.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1911
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1912
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1913
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1918
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1920
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1921
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1927-1928
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1934
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1935
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1937
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1938
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1941
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1943-1944
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1945
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1946
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1948
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1950
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1951
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1952
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1953
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1954
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1955
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV:A

1963
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Hilda Claessens Correspondence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: B

1915, undated

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Series II. Manuscript and Lecture Notes, 1906-1954, 1906-1954

Scope and Content Note

This series (XIV:C), consisting of 78 subject files, includes manuscripts and notes of lectures, pamphlets, books, addresses, and statements. Each subject file within this series has been given a frame number and has been cited according to the title of the file in the complete reel list. In some instances, the titles of items within the subject file are cited in the complete reel list. Of special interest in this series are Claessens's writings on socialist humor, particularly the rough draft of his book, Didn't We Have Fun? (XIV:C:13); a series of articles entitled, "Revolutionary Fun" (XIV:C:56); and a collection of anecdotes entitled, "We Struggled With a Smile" (XIV:C:73). This series also contains writings on human nature, prejudice, prohibition, contemporary politics, labor, socialism, heredity and environment, sex and society, and religion. A collection of seven poems (XIV:C:45), written by Claessens, are also included in this series.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 25 ABC of Parliamentary Law

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Anthropology and the Growth of Society
Contains 5 brief lectures:
 - The Origin of Man and the Races of Mankind
 - Primitive Man and His World
 - The Savage and His Culture
 - The Barbarian and His World
 - Civilization

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 27 [Article on the 1932 campaign]

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1933
Box: 1 Folder : 28 Can a Goy and a Yiddina Stay Happily Married?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 29 Changing Human Nature

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 30 The Chase for the Almighty Dollar, The End of the Chase

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 31 Collective Bargaining

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 1 Folder : 32 Collectivism and Individual Liberty

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

Feb 1951
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Communism

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 2 The Cultural Elements

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Democracy vs. Dictatorship

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

Nov 1939, June 1941
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Democratic Way of Life

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Didn't We Have Fun?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Didn't We Have Fun?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Didn't We Have Fun?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Didn't We Have Fun?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Disagreeable and Dirty Work

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Einstein Theory

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Elementary and Advanced Socialism, contains:
 Our Economic Chaos (3 copies)
 Lessons from the World War (2 copies)
 What Socialism Is (3 copies)
 The Distribution of Wealth (2 copies)
 The Love of Money
 The Odium of Menial Labor
 Instinct of Workmenship (2 copies)
 Incentive and Ambition (3 copies)
 Socialism and Ambition

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1930-1935 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Elements of Social Progress

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1934
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Ethics and Economics

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 14 The Evolution of Morality

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1933
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Florida Violence

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Genius

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Germany and Reparations

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Graft and Corruption (4 copies)

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

Mar 1932
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Guaranteed Annual Wage

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Haiti

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Heredity and Environment, contains:
 Our Natural Heritage
 Our Natural Environment
 Nature and Nurture
 Problems of Physical Heritage
 Our Social Environment
 Our Social Heritage
 Problems of Social Heritage

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1931-1933 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 22 If Lincoln Were Hoover

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Immigration

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Industrial Democracy

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Is A United States of Europe Possible?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1950
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Is Socialism Inevitable?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Is the Status of the Masses Improving?, Is the Condition of the Masses Growing Better or Worse?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated , 1934
Box: 2 Folder : 28 The Jew and the World Crisis

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Justice Without A Blindfold

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 30 Labor Movement

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 31 Lectures on Behavior, contains:
 The Instinctive Basis of Behavior
 Acquired Behavior - The Environmental Factors (2 copies)
 Social and Collective Behavior

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1940 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 32 A Liberal Interlude (3 copies)

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 33 Measures to Halt a Depression

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1954
Box: 2 Folder : 34 Modern Science, Man, Religion and God

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 35 Must We Change Human Nature?

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 36 The Nature of Work and the Nature of Man

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 37 NRA (4 copies)

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

Oct 1933
Box: 2 Folder : 38 Outlines and Highlights of the Social Sciences
 Biology Human Geography: The Cultural Backwardness of the South Psychology Social Psychology-Prejudices and Stereotypes Anthropology

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 39 Patriotism

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 40 Poems, contains:
 Remembrance (2 copies)
 On a Spring Greeting Card to Jennie (2 copies)
 Friendship
 Winter
 Enthusiasm
 The Months (2 copies)
 A Bit of Philosophy-Before Election

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1906-1920 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 41 Prejudices-A Story in Human Behavior

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1932-1943
Box: 2 Folder : 42 Prohibition

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Promise of Socialism

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Prosperity and Hard Times

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

Dec 1923
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Racketeers and Big Business

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Red Riots

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Relation of Work to Ignorance and Education

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Religion and Soviet Russia

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Resolution on African Independence (2 copies)

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Resolution on Anti-Semitism

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Revolutionary Fun contains:
 They Were All One to Him (2 copies)
 That Was the Purpose of the Meeting
 Obliging
 He Never Spoke on That Corner Again (2 copies)
 Got a Permit (3 copies)
 May Day Article
 Close Shave (2 copies)
 Kindly Suggestion (2 copies)
 Some Diet!
 It Can Happen Only in Harlem (2 copies)
 A Four Hour Day Hamlet
 Outdone Suggestively
 Ancient misses
 A Question in Physics
 Not an Encyclopedia Mathematics
 One on History
 One on the Professor
 One on the Teacher
 Biology as Franklin No Doubt Knew
 Three Humorous Bits: Phrenology an Englishman's Idea of American Humor Change of Nationality Mythology Materialism Versus Spiritualism

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 10 The Second Industrial Revolution

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Sex and Society contains:
 Women and Modern Industry
 Prostitution
 Marriage and Economics
 The Home-Present and Future
 The Home and Social Changes
 Marital Incompatibility
 Mental Differences of Men and Women (2 copies)
 Sex Prejudices

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1930-1935 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Social Attitudes Toward War and Peace (2 copies)

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1936
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Social Psychology (4 copies)

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1935-1938
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Socialism and Human Nature

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Socialism and Religion

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Socialism and Social Problems

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Socialism of George Bernard Shaw

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Socialism in the Assembly

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Stock Market

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 20 These United States

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

1935
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Unavoidable Hazard in Some Kinds of Work

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 22 Understanding the U.S.A.

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Understanding the Worker

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 24 United Front

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 25 Wages and Prices

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 26 We Struggled with a Smile contains:
 An Innocent Deception (3 copies)
 On the Plains of Colorado (3 copies)
 Good Heavens! (3 copies)
 A British Prime Minister Meets His American
 Comrades (3 copies)
 I Work with a Notorious Racketeer
 Some Funny Moments in the Labor Movement
 The Germans in Our Midst
 The Benefits of Materialism (2 copies)

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 27 What Organized Labor Has Gained

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 28 What Organized Labor Wants

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 29 The Will to Live

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Why They Threw Us Out of the Assembly

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Notes

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: C

undated

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Series III. Photographs and Printed Materials, 1909-1953

Scope and Content Note

Series III contains 26 photographs (XIV:D) that are arranged in chronological order and include portraits of August Claessens, group photographs, photographs of Claessens with other socialist figures, and photographs of Claessens teaching at the Rand School. Each photograph has been labeled with a number in the lower right-hand corner of the picture. These numbers correspond with the description of the photographs in the complete reel list. There are also approximately 20 photographs of Claessens and his family and friends which have not been microfilmed.

The printed matter in this collection (XIV:E) is organized into the following seven subject files: (1) Claessens legislative bills, New York State Assembly; (2) election campaigns; (3) lecture announcements; (4) miscellaneous; (5) pamphlets; (6) socialist legislative bills, New York State Assembly; and (7) testimonials. Each subject file has been assigned a frame number, including each item in the pamphlets file.

The legislative bills constitute the largest bulk of materials in the printed matter series. These bills are divided into two files: (1) 16 bills drafted by Claessens from 1918 to 1919 (XIV:E:1); and (2) 74 bills drafted by the five socialist assemblymen during the period, January-April 1918 (XIV:E:6). The bills drafted by the five socialist assemblymen include legislation on the regulation of municipal street railway fares, municipal ownership of public utilities, repeal of the state police department, abolishment of the death penalty, regulation of child labor, reorganization of the City College of New York, expansion of workmen's compensation, free university education, and the establishment of municipal day nurseries.

This series also includes five pamphlets which were written by Claessens (XIV:E:5). A bibliographical citation for each pamphlet in this file can be found in the complete reel list.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: A001 Folder : 1 Photographs 1- 9. Portraits of August Claessens nd
Photograph 10. Four of the five Assemblymen expelled by the New York State Assembly during the Red Scare. L-R: Charles Solomon, Louis Waldman, Samuel Orr, August Claessens ca. 1920
Photograph 11. Socialist agitators who toured the United States and spoke at Socialist meetings in many states, 1921. L-R, front: Isidore Goldstein and Norman Goldstein. L-R, rear: Sylvia Claessens, Hilda Claessens, August Claessens. ca. 1921
Photograph 12. August Claessens in his office at the headquarters of the Social Democratic Federation, New York City. 1935.
Photograph 13. August Claessens, center in the second row, at an outing of the Young People's Socialist League. 1935.
Photograph 14. August Claessens conducting a class in economics and public speaking at Local 62 of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union. 31 March 1936.
Photograph 15. August Claessens speaking at an "Open Air" meeting in New York City. nd.
Photograph 16. August Claessens speaking at an "Open Air" meeting and encouraging workers to read socialist publications. nd.
Photograph 17. Part of a crowd attending a Socialist Party rally in New York City. nd.
Photograph 18. August Claessens, center in the second row, with other Socialists and union members. nd.
Photographs 19-21. August Claessens giving a lecture. nd.
Photograph 22. August Claessens, far left, and one of his numerous Rand School classes nd.
Photograph 23. August Claessens teaching a class in public speaking at the Rand School, January 1932.
Photograph 24. August Claessens addressing a group of trade union representatives, nd.
Photograph 25. August Claessens giving an address, nd.
Photograph 26. August Claessens, center of the photograph, attending a dinner, nd.

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: D

ca.1920-1940
Box: A001 Folder : 2 Claessens, General

General

Items not microfilmed.

undated
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Claessens Legislative Bills, New York State Assembly

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: E

1918-1919
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Election Campaigns

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: E

1940 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Lecture Announcements

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: E

1914-1953 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Miscellaneous

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: E

1909-1922 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Pamphlets, Contains:
1. Claessens, August.  The Blue Eagle Is Dead? So What! New York: New York Socialist Party, nd. l6pp.
2. Claessens, August.  Is Socialism Inevitable? An Explanation of the Forces of Social Progress. Chicago: Socialist Party of the United States, 1922. 40pp.
3. Claessens, August.  Roparska Trojica. Chicago: Jugoslovanska Delavska Tiskovna Druzoba, 1924. 63pp.
4. Claessens, August.  The Trinity of Plunder. A Cheerful Slam at Rent, Interest, and Profit. New York: New York Call Printing Co., 1922. 32pp.
5. Claessens, August.  Zasady Socjalizmu. Detroit: Wychodzi kazrdego.tygodnia, nd. 18pp.

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: E

1922-1924 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Socialist Legislative Bills, New York State Assembly

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: E

Jan 1918-Apr 1918
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Testimonials

General note

(Socialist Collections Reel 56) Frame XIV: E

Feb 13, 1928-Apr 22, 1950
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Duplicates of Microfilmed Items (I)

General note

Item not microfilmed

undated
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Duplicates of Microfilmed Items (II)

General note

Item not microfilmed

undated
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Claessens Pamphlets A-E (I)

General note

Item not microfilmed

1930s-1940s
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Claessens Pamphlets A-E (II)

General note

Item not microfilmed

1930s-1940s

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Series IV: Biographical Clippings and Published Writings

Scope and Content Note

This series consists of biographical clippings and published writings which were not microfilmed.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Claessens Book Reviews

General note

Item not microfilmed

undated
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Claessens Newspapers Articles, Debates, etc.

General note

Item not microfilmed

undated
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Claessens Articles

General note

Item not microfilmed

undated
Box: 5 Folder : 5 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

undated
Box: 5 Folder : 6 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1912
Box: 5 Folder : 7 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1915
Box: 5 Folder : 8 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1919
Box: 5 Folder : 9 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1933
Box: 5 Folder : 10 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1934
Box: 5 Folder : 11 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1937
Box: 5 Folder : 12 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1940
Box: 5 Folder : 13 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1942
Box: 5 Folder : 14 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1944
Box: 5 Folder : 15 BF: Biographical File

General note

Item not microfilmed

1947

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