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Preliminary Inventory to the Jacob Panken Papers TAM.042

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
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10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Tamiment staff

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on April 23, 2018
Description is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Panken, Jacob, 1879-
Source - dnr: Panken, Mrs. Jacob
Title: Jacob Panken Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1922-1964
Abstract: Jacob Panken (1879-1968) was a socialist, labor leader and New York City Municipal Court judge, serving on the Court of Domestic Relations from 1934-1955. He wrote about juvenile delinquency, ran unsuccessfully for governor, senator and New York City mayor as a candidate of the Socialist Party, and was active in the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT), a Jewish philanthropic organization. Contains correspondence, manuscripts, speeches, clippings, published materials and biographical materials that document Panken's political and judicial career. Correspondence frequently relates to court cases; a smaller amount relates to Socialist affairs and includes some letters Morris Hillquit, Girolamo Valenti, and A. I. Shiplacoff. Typed pages of autobiographical writings, legal documents relating to court cases, and clippings on his career after 1927 are also found.
Quantity: 1.75 Linear Feet (4 boxes)
Language: Materials are in English
Mixed Materials [Box]: 1-4
Call Phrase: TAM.042

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Historical/Biographical Note

Jacob Panken (1879-1968) was a socialist, labor leader and judge. Following early involvement in labor organizing, he was elected New York Municipal Court Judge on the Socialist ticket (1917). He was appointed to the court by Mayor La Guardia in 1934. He wrote about juvenile delinquency, laying major responsibility on parental neglect and media violence. He ran unsuccessfully for governor, senator and New York City mayor and was active in the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT), a Jewish philanthropic organization.

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Scope and Contents

Socialist labor leader, judge. Correspondence, mss., clippings, published materials document Panken's political and judicial career. Following his early involvement in organizing labor, he was elected New York Municipal Court Judge on the Socialist ticket in 1917. Failing at re-election in 1927, he was appointed to Court of Domestic Relations by Mayor LaGuardia in 1934, retiring in 1955. Correspondence frequently relates to court cases and includes some appreciative letters from boys and parents of boys brought before him. Much correspondence is from admirers, some from ditractors; a smaller amount relates to Socialist affairs and includes some letters from friends such as Morris Hillquit, Girolamo Valenti, and A. I. Shiplacoff. Mss. contain addresses on socialism, and social and political issues. Includes some speeches delivered during his unsuccessful campaigns for political office, such as Municipal Court Justice (1927) and Congress (1930). Also ran for U.S. Senate (1920), Mayor (1921), and Governor (1930). Active in ORT (Organization for Rehabilitation through Training), a Jewish philanthropy. Typed pages of autobiographical writings, legal documents relating to court cases, and clippings on his career after 1927 are also found.

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Shiplacoff, A. I. (Abraham Isaac), 1877-1936
  • La Guardia, Fiorello H. (Fiorello Henry), 1882-1947
  • Valenti, Girolamo
  • Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933
  • Panken, Jacob, 1879-
  • Panken, Mrs. Jacob

Document Type

  • Memorabilia.
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Correspondence.
  • Lectures.
  • Speeches.
  • Legal files.

Subject Organizations

  • New York (State). Municipal Court (New York)
  • Socialist Party of New York
  • World ORT Union

Subject Topics

  • Political candidates -- New York (State) -- New York.
  • Political candidates -- New York (State).
  • Jews -- Charities.
  • Jewish socialists -- United States.
  • Juvenile delinquency -- New York (State) -- New York.
  • Socialism -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Socialists -- United States.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Tamiment Library has no information about copyright ownership for this collection and is not authorized to grant permission to publish or reproduce materials from it. Materials in this collection, which were created in 1922-1964, are expected to enter the public domain in 2039.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Jacob Panken Papers; TAM 042; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Girolamo Valenti Papers (TAM 040)

Shiplacoff, A. I. (Abraham Isaac) (TAM 102)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by the widow of Jacob Panken in 1968. The accession number associated with this gift is 1965.001.

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Container List

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 1 Correspondence
1922-May 1934
Box: 2 Correspondence
Jun 1934-Dec 1934
Box: 3 Correspondence and Other Materials

General

Contains Correspondence (1935-66); Addresses, Lectures, Notes and Court Decisions

undated, 1935-1966
Box: 4 Biographical Items and Other Materials

General

Contains Biographical items; Clippings; Socialist Party elections (1917, 197, 1930, 1932, 1939); International Socialist Congresses; ORT (a Jewish Philanthropy); Rachel (Mrs. Jacob) Panken materials; Photographs.

undated, 1917-1939

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