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Guide to the New York Bureau of Legal Advice (New York Bureau of Legal First Aid) Records TAM.044

Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
New York, NY, 10012
(212) 998-2630

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive

Collection processed by Tamiment staff, 2009; Edited by Rachel Schimke for compliance with DACS and Tamiment Required Elements for Archival Description and to reflect the incorporation of nonprint materials, 2013

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on September 11, 2014
Description is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Edited by Maggie Schreiner to reflect updated administrative information  , September 2014

Descriptive Summary

Creator: New York Bureau of Legal Advice.
Title: New York Bureau of Legal Advice Records
Dates [inclusive]: 1917-1919
Abstract: The New York Bureau of Legal First Aid was organized in 1917 with a grant from the Women's Peace Party. Lead by attorney Charles Recht and feminist Frances M. Witherspoon, it was the first organization to furnish free legal advice and counsel to anyone who came into conflict with the new laws related to America's entry into World War I, including draft resisters, conscientious objectors, and deserters. By 1918 it was aiding at least 5,000 clients and changed its name to the New York Bureau of Legal Advice (NYBLA). Though raided by the Bureau of Investigation in 1918, the NYBLA continued with its anti-war campaigns until shortly after the Armistice was signed. The records contain correspondence, office files, case histories, photographs, clippings, and press releases relating to selective service exemption, draft evasion, conscientious objector status, military discharge, desertion, amnesty, civil liberties and deportation.
Quantity: 6.5 linear feet in 13 manuscript boxes
Language of Materials note: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: TAM.044