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Guide to the Socialist Party (U.S.) Correspondence TAM.056.009

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Tamiment staff

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on June 05, 2019
Description is in English.

 Updated and edited by Jasmine Sykes-Kunk for compliance with DACS and ACM Required Elements for Archival Description  , May 2019

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Socialist Party (U.S.)
Title: Socialist Party (U.S) Correspondence
Dates [inclusive]: 1902-1947
Abstract: The Socialist Party of America was established on 29 July 1901 as a result of a merger between the moderate wing of the Socialist Labor Party and the Social Democratic Party. For most of its turbulent history, the Socialist Party has been reformist in its political attitudes and democratic in its organization. Until the mid 1950s, the Socialist Party advocated trade unionism, supported an evolutionary rather than a revolutionary conversion to socialism, and endorsed progressive, as well as socialist candidates for public office. In addition to the sizable amount of correspondence, the collection also contains minutes, mimeographed reports, bulletins, constitutions and by laws, financial papers, ephemeral printed matter, circular letters, form letters, political platform statements, lists, resolutions, memoranda, and press releases. The bulk of the material is from the New York City and New York State organizations, respectively, and coverage is strongest for the factional struggles of the early to mid-1930s between the "Old Guard" and the "Militants."
Quantity: 5.25 Linear Feet in 10 manuscript boxes and 1 half manuscript box.
Location: Materials are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use. Please request materials at least two business days prior to your research visit to coordinate access.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Call Phrase: TAM.056.009

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Historical Note

The Socialist Party of America was established on 29 July 1901 as a result of a merger between the moderate wing of the Socialist Labor Party and the Social Democratic Party. For most of its turbulent history, the Socialist Party has been reformist in its political attitudes and democratic in its organization. Until the mid 1950s, the Socialist Party advocated trade unionism, supported an evolutionary rather than a revolutionary conversion to socialism, and endorsed progressive as well as socialist candidates for public office.

Between 1901 and 1912, the party's membership grew from 10,000 to 118,000 and the votes cast for socialist Presidential candidates increased proportionately from 100,000 to 900,000. By advocating reform of the political and economic system, the party was able to enlist the support of many orthodox socialists and many heterogeneous elements remaining from such progressive movements as the Greenbackers, Populists, and "Single Taxers". The result was a broad based party, particularly strong in the West, which was prepared to sacrifice ideological purity for numbers and revolutionary gains for immediate political success. Evidence of this policy was demonstrated in the fact that in 1912 there were 56 socialist mayors, over 300 socialist aldermen, many socialist state legislators, and one socialist member of the House of Representatives.

This success, however, was short lived. Throughout the 1910s and 1920s, the Socialist Party suffered from the same external pressures which caused other progressive movements to stagnate. The party also suffered from numerous internal crises as well. Three major conflicts which caused the party to decline in this period were: (1) the expulsion of its revolutionary wing in 1912 1913; (2) the party's official opposition to World War I, which not only alienated the conservative membership of the party but also led to the trial and imprisonment of such important party figures as Eugene V. Debs and Victor Berger; and (3) the Russian Revolution of 1917, which encouraged the left wing of the party to demand a more militant program and, when this was not forthcoming, to secede from the party in 1919 and establish the Communist Party.

Following a brief resurgence in the late 1920s and early 1930s under the strong leadership of Norman Thomas, the Socialist Party was once again plagued with internal conflicts. The principal divisions within the party at this time were generational, geographical, and ideological in nature. These divisions were manifested in three major factions within the party. First, there was the "Old Guard" which was composed largely of middle aged and elderly members who had been in the party since its early years. The Old Guard occupied most of the party's leadership positions, including the office of national chairman and the National Executive Committee. Geographically, the old Guard was strongest in Pennsylvania, New York, and Connecticut, but it also controlled many of the state offices across the country.

Opposing the Old Guard were the "Militants" who were young, doctrinaire Marxists and the "Progressives" who were young, radical nonMarxists. The Militants, who resided primarily in New York City, were not communists. In fact, they were opposed to the Communist Party and they were critical of the Soviet Union's denial of civil liberties. The Progressive faction in the Socialist Party, also from New York City, was not so powerful as the Old Guard, but it was larger in size than the Militants. The Progressives, for the most part, were not Marxists. Instead, their goal was to organize a farmer labor party which would be based on principal rather than political expediency.

These three factions did not bring their differences of opinion into public focus until the 1932 Socialist Party convention in Milwaukee. During this convention, however, the groups clashed over the re election of Morris Hillquit as national chairman and two resolutions concerning the Soviet Union and trade unionism.

The conflict intensified during the New York City fur workers dispute in 1933. In the fur industry of New York City there were two rival unions, one controlled by the Old Guard and the other led by the Communist Party. During the dispute over which union should represent all of the fur workers, the Militants charged that the Old Guard was attempting to subvert the communist union in its quest for total control despite the fact that most of the workers supported the communists. Norman Thomas concurred in this view and demanded that the Old Guard cease its activities against the communist union members. The Old Guard union responded to these charges by obtaining a labor injunction against the communist union. Eventually, the fur workers dispute was resolved when members of both unions negotiated a settlement.

Another incident which pitted the three factions against each other occurred during the debate on the Declaration of Principles at the 1934 Socialist Party convention in Detroit. The Declaration of Principles was drafted by the Progressives and the Militants and included numerous statements on issues which they believed every socialist should advocate. During the debate on this document, the factions argued over the statements pertaining to socialist action in the event of war and the socialist view of democracy. When the delegates finally adopted the Declaration of Principles before the convention adjourned, it clearly demonstrated that the Old Guard was gradually losing control of the party.

The factional strife came to a climax in 1936 when the Old Guard bolted from the Socialist Party after the national convention in Cleveland and organized the Social Democratic Federation. The withdrawal of the Old Guard was a serious loss for the party. Not only did major socialist figures from New York, Connecticut, Maryland, and Pennsylvania leave the party, but they took with them much of the financial support of the party as well. In addition to these developments, two major urban political machines in the Socialist Party Reading, Pennsylvania and Bridgeport, Connecticut joined the Social Democratic Federation.

Following the departure of the old Guard, the Progressives and militants continued the party's infighting by dividing into three groups. The first group was an amalgamation of the old Progressives and the leadership of the Militants. Under the direction of Jack Altman and Paul Porter these moderates supported the American Labor Party and endorsed a more democratic view of socialism. A second group, formerly associated with the Militants, were emerging as the new left wing faction of the party. Calling itself the "Clarity" group after the periodical, Socialist Clarity, this group was led by Frank Trager, Gus Tyler, Robert and Max Delson, and Herbert Zam. Ideologically, the Clarity group was not opposed to labor parties and farm labor coalitions, but they were more insistent than the Altman group that any labor party wanting Socialist Party support should have a wide labor base and should repudiate capitalist reformist politics.

Complicating the situation within the party was an ultra left Trotskyite faction. Known as the Appeal group because of their periodical, Socialist Appeal, the Trotskyites maintained that the Socialist Party should repudiate all labor and farmer labor parties and thus transform itself into a revolutionary party. The Trotskyites also denounced the utilization of democratic means to achieve socialist objectives. From their viewpoint, a revolutionary party needed to resort to violence in order to become a significant political force in America.

These three factions clashed on a variety of issues during the late 1930s. In national convention sessions and local political campaigns, these groups differed over the Socialist Party's attitude toward preventing war, the Socialist Party's affiliation with the American League Against War and Fascism, and socialist cooperation with organized labor. By the end of 1937, the disputes between the various groups were so damaging to the conduct of party business that the National Executive Committee finally took decisive action and expelled the Trotskyite faction.

The Socialist Party never fully recovered from these setbacks, although negotiations were successful in reuniting the Social Democratic Federation with the party in 1957. Nevertheless, despite this encouraging development, the internal conflicts and the emergence of the New Left in the late 1950s and 1960s eventually caused the Socialist Party to lose its influence as an effective political organization.

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Scope and Content Note

The Socialist Party Correspondence, 1902-1947, is organized into four geographically-based series, totaling 105 files, many of which do not contain more than 30 items. The materials in this collection relate to the affairs of the Socialist Party's national headquarters and various state branches. The bulk of the collection consists of the New York City and New York State files, respectively. In addition to the sizable amount of correspondence, the collection also contains minutes, mimeographed reports, bulletins, constitutions and bylaws, financial papers, ephemeral printed matter, circular letters, form letters, political platform statements, lists, resolutions, memoranda, and press releases. Each subject file has been given a frame number and has been cited in the container list.

Arrangement

Organized into four series:

I. National Correspondence
II. State Correspondence (excluding New York)
III. New York State Correspondence
IV. New York City Correspondence.

Within series I, III & IV, folders are arranged chronologically. Within series II, folders are arranged alphabetically and chronologically.

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Gerber, Julius, 1862-1916
  • Hoan, Daniel W. (Daniel Webster), 1881-1961
  • Mailly, Bertha Howell
  • Lewis, Alfred Baker, 1897-
  • Berenberger, David B.
  • Altman, Jack.
  • Bohn, William E.
  • Claessens, August, 1885-1954
  • Coolidge, Albert Sprague, 1894-1977
  • Friedman, Esther
  • Hoopes, Darlington, 1896-
  • Duffy, William.
  • Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968
  • Waldman, Louis, 1892-
  • Ghent, William J. (William James), 1866-1942
  • Mailly, William, 1871-1912
  • Oneal, James, 1875-1962
  • Rermer, Adolph.
  • Russell, Charles Edward, 1860-1941
  • Seger, Gerhart.
  • Senior, Clarence Ollson, 1903-1974
  • Schapiro, Theodore, 1898-1998
  • Starr, Mark, 1894-1985
  • Solomon, Charles
  • Kenyon, Dorothy, 1888-1972
  • Work, John M. (John McClelland), 1869-1961

Document Type

  • Minutes (administrative records)
  • Constitutions.
  • Resolutions (administrative records)
  • Press releases.
  • Bylaws (administrative records).

Subject Organizations

  • International Fur Workers Union of the United States and Canada
  • Communist Party of the United States of America
  • The socialist.

Subject Topics

  • Right and left (Political science)
  • Women -- Employment -- United States.
  • Communism -- United States.
  • Popular fronts -- United States.
  • Socialism -- United States.

Subject Places

  • New York (N.Y.) -- Politics and government -- 20th century.

Subject Uniform Title(s)

  • Socialist call (New York, N.Y. : 1950)

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Tamiment Library has no information about copyright ownership for this collection and is not authorized to grant permission to publish or reproduce materials from it. Materials in this collection, which were created in 1902-1947, are expected to enter the public domain in 2068.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Socialist Party (U.S.) Correspondence; TAM 056.009; box number; folder number or item identifier; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956 (Tamiment Microfilm: Film R-7124).

Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956 : a guide to the microfilm edition (Sanford, N.C. : Microfilming Corp. of America, c1979), 181 p.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Due to the fragile nature of the original materials, researchers must use the microfilmed version; microfilm call number is Film R-7124, Reels 13-14.

A representative frame number is IX:23, where the number 23 indicates that this is the 23rd frame (and folder) in the collection, and the Roman numeral IX indicates that the Socialist Party Correspondence is the ninth collection within 19 collections comprising the microfilm set Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the Rand School Archives, 1962. The accession number associated with this collection is 1962.003.

Processing Information

Decisions regarding arrangement, description, and physical interventions for this collection prior to 2019 have not yet been recorded. In 2019, items were placed in acid-free folders and boxers in preparation for offsite storage.

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Container List

SERIES I: NATIONAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1905-1947

Scope and Contents

Series I: National Correspondence (frames IX:1 34) constitute a small portion of this collection. Most of the items in these files pertain to Socialist Party activities in the 1930s, but there are some items for the period, 1907 1929. Of special interest in this section are the following items: Victor Berger's first congressional resolution which called for American neutrality in the Mexican Resolution; papers relating to Socialist Party membership; papers of the National Emergency Convention in 1917 and the Socialist Party response to American participation in World War I; minutes of the Left Wing Caucus and the eventual formation of the American Communist Party; papers pertaining to The Socialist and The Socialist Call; papers relating to the Socialist Party split in the mid 1930s; and resolutions and reports opposing the "Popular Front" of the 1930s. Some of the major correspondents in these files include Daniel W. Hoan, Norman Thomas, August Claessens, James Oneal, Clarence Senior, Paul Porter, David B. Berenberg, John M. Work, William E. Bohn, Julius Gerber, and Theodore Schapiro.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:1

Aug 1907-May 1908
Box: 1 Folder : 2 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:2

Mar 1905
Box: 1 Folder : 3 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:3

Apr 1911-Nov 1911
Box: 1 Folder : 4 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:4

Apr 1912
Box: 1 Folder : 5 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:5

Jun 1912
Box: 1 Folder : 6 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:6

Sep 1913
Box: 1 Folder : 7 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:7

May 1915
Box: 1 Folder : 8 United States: National Emergency Convention

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:8

Apr 1917
Box: 1 Folder : 9 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:9

May 1919-Oct 1919 , undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 United States: Minutes of the Left Wing Caucus

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:10

Aug 1919
Box: 1 Folder : 11 United States: The Socialist

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:11

May 1919-Jun 1919
Box: 1 Folder : 12 United States: Debs at Trainmen's Convention, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:12

Sep 1920
Box: 1 Folder : 13 United States: Socialist Convention, Cleveland, Ohio

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:13

Apr 1922-Jun 1922
Box: 1 Folder : 14 United States: Report to the National Executive Committee, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:14

May 1926
Box: 1 Folder : 15 United States: Election Returns

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:15

Nov 1928-[Dec] 1928
Box: 1 Folder : 16 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:16

May 1929-Aug 1929 , undated
Box: 1 Folder : 17 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:17

May 1931-Dec 1931 , undated
Box: 1 Folder : 18 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:18

ca.Feb 1926 , Jan 1932-Nov 1932
Box: 1 Folder : 19 United States: Financial Report

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:19

Dec 1932
Box: 1 Folder : 20 United States: Membership

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:20

Dec 1932
Box: 1 Folder : 21 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:21

Jan 1933-Dec 1933 , undated
Box: 1 Folder : 22 United States: Membership

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:22

Mar 1933
Box: 1 Folder : 23 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:23

Feb 1934-Dec 1934 , undated
Box: 1 Folder : 24 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:24

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 1 Folder : 25 United States: The Socialist Call

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:25

Mar 1933-Aug 1936 , undated
Box: 1 Folder : 26 United States: Membership

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:26

1933-1935
Box: 1 Folder : 27 United States: Split

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:27

Nov 1935 undated
Box: 2 Folder : 1 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:28

Jan 1936-Nov 1936 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 2 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:29

Mar 1937-May 1937 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 3 United States: "The Stalin Hitler Pact and the International Workers Order"

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:30

Oct 1939-Nov 1939
Box: 2 Folder : 4 United States:

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:31

Jan 1940-Dec 1940 , ca.Jan 1941
Box: 2 Folder : 5 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:32

May 1947
Box: 2 Folder : 6 United States: Bohemian Section

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:33

undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 United States

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:34

undated

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SERIES II: STATE CORRESPONDENCE, 1904-1939

Scope and Contents

Series II: State Correspondence (excluding New York) (frames IX:35-43) contain information on Socialist Party events in California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Wisconsin. The contents of the state files relate primarily to the Socialist Party conflict between the Old Guard and the Militants. The material pertaining to this conflict is quite interesting and offers the scholar a unique insight into how the various branches reacted to this particular development. Other items within these files include papers relating to the controversy surrounding Morris Hillquit's defense of several Russian refugees whose oil fields had been confiscated by the Soviet Union in 1931; minutes of the Dover, New Hampshire local; constitution and by laws of the Ohio branch; an expense record for a Eugene V. Debs Benjamin Hanford Presidential campaign meeting at Philadelphia in 1904; and a letter from Daniel W. Hoan explaining the Wisconsin branch's decision to join, the FarmerLabor Progressive Federation in 1936. The principal correspondents in these state files include Alfred Baker Lewis, Albert Sprague Coolidge, Daniel W. Hoan, and James Oneal.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 8 California

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:35

Feb 1936
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Connecticut

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:36

Mar 1911-Jan 1938
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Illinois, Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:37

May 1935
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Indiana

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:38

Aug 1919-Feb 1939
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Massachusetts

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:39

Feb 1914-Nov 1935
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Michigan

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:40

Mar 1905
Box: 2 Folder : 14 New Hampshire

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:41

Jan 1916-Mar 1923
Box: 2 Folder : 15 New Jersey

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:42

1902-May 1923
Box: 2 Folder : 16 New Mexico

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:43

Jun 1914
Box: 7 Folder : 11 Ohio

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:99

1912-1932
Box: 7 Folder : 12 Oklahoma

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:100

1933 , undated
Box: 7 Folder : 13 Pennsylvania

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:101

1904
Box: 7 Folder : 14 Pennsylvania

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:102

Jul 1937-Aug 1937
Box: 7 Folder : 15 Texas

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:103

Sep 1935
Box: 7 Folder : 16 Wisconsin

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:104

Jan 1936-May 1936 , undated
Box: 7 Folder : 17 Dues Book

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:105

1926-1936

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SERIES III. NEW YORK STATE CORRESPONDENCE, 1930-1936

Scope and Contents

Series III. The New York State Correspondence (frames IX:44-52) contain materials for the period, 1930-1936. Most of the items relate to the numerous Socialist Party controversies in the mid 1930s, particularly the suspension of the New York State charter by the National Executive Committee in 1935. Again, controversies principally reflect the conflict between the Old Guard and the Militants. Other items in these files pertain to the Erie County local, the 1930 state constitution, and the 1933 New York Socialist Party platform. The major correspondents in these files are Julius Gerber and August Claessens, but there are also letters from Bertha H. Mailly, William C. Duffy, and Louis Waldman.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 17 New York State

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:44

Jul 1930
Box: 2 Folder : 18 New York State

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:45

Jul 1931
Box: 2 Folder : 19 New York State

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:46

Aug 1932
Box: 2 Folder : 20 New York State, Erie County

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:47

Jun 1932
Box: 2 Folder : 21 New York State Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:48

Apr 1905
Box: 2 Folder : 22 New York State

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:49

Jan 1934-Dec 1934 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 23 New York State

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:50

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 24 New York State Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:51

Jan 1936-Aug 1936 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 25 New York State Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:51

Jan 1936-Aug 1936 , undated
Box: 2 Folder : 26 New York State Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:52

undated

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SERIES IV: NEW YORK CITY CORRESPONDENCE, 1908-1946

Scope and Contents

Series IV: The New York City Correspondence (frames IX:53 98), which follow the New York State files in the filming order, constitute the largest group of records in this collection. Most of these files pertain to events of the 1930s, but there are important items for the 1910s, 1920s, and 1940s as well. of major importance in these files are papers relating to the Socialist Party split and the fur workers dispute. Regarding the party split, there are items pertaining to communist infiltration of the Socialist Party, the suspense of the New York State branch, the militancy of the Young People's Socialist League, and the 1934 Declaration of Principles. The furriers' union papers (IX:69 IX:73) include correspondence from Norman Thomas, minutes of Socialist Party meetings on the "communist" International Fur Workers Union, and the investigative report written by Norman Thomas on the fur workers dispute.

Another interesting aspect of these files are the papers relating to the Women's Committee of the New York City local (IX:74, IX:76, IX:81, IX:88, IX:91). Beginning in 1935, the Women's Committee sponsored a series of meetings known as the "Women's Conference Against the High Cost of Living." These meetings featured speeches by prominent socialists and discussion sessions on such topics as the standard of living, unemployment insurance, social security, socialized medicine, municipal waste, sales taxes, and the Child Labor Amendment. The Women's Committee papers include speeches, outlines, correspondence, and reports regarding these consumer oriented meetings.

Other papers contained in the New York City files relate to such issues and events as the Socialist Party's relationship with organized labor, the 1937 Appeal Clarity group conflict, the differences between communists and socialists concerning the "Popular Front" question, and Socialist Party electoral activities. In the pre 1930 files, there are papers pertaining to the Bronx Agitation Committee, Kings County local, and the East Side Agitation Committee. The major correspondents in these files are Julius Gerber (IX:78, IX:84) and August Claessens (IX:77, IX:83), but there are also numerous letters from William Mailly, W. J. Ghent, Charles Edward Russell, Adolph Germer, Norman Thomas, Alfred Baker Lewis, Jack Altman, Clarence Senior, Esther Friedman, Darlington Hoopes, Mark Starr, Paul Porter, Louis Waldman, Charles Solomon, Daniel W. Hoan, James Oneal, Theodore Schapiro, Dorothy Kenyon, Bertha H. Mailly, and Gerhart Seger.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 1 New York City, Kings County

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:53

Sep 1908-Jul 1909 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 2 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:54

Feb 1911-Dec 1911 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 3 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:55

Jan 1912-Nov 1912 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 4 New York City, Bronx Agitation Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:56

Jul 1912-Dec 1912
Box: 3 Folder : 5 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:57

Feb 1913-Sep 1913
Box: 3 Folder : 6 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:58

Nov 1915-Dec 1915
Box: 3 Folder : 7 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:59

Jun 1916-Oct 1916
Box: 3 Folder : 8 New York City, Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:60

1916 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 9 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:61

Mar 1917 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 10 New York City, East Side Agitation Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:62

Feb 1917-Oct 1917 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 11 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:63

Nov 1920 , Jan 1921-Jun 1921
Box: 3 Folder : 12 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:64

Mar 1923-Apr 1923
Box: 3 Folder : 13 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:65

Apr 1923-Aug 1930
Box: 3 Folder : 14 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:66

Mar 1931-Dec 1931 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 15 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:67

Jan 1932-Dec 1932 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 16 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:68

Jan 1933-Dec 1933 , undated
Box: 3 Folder : 17 New York City, Furriers' Union Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:69

Jun 1933-Jul 1933
Box: 3 Folder : 18 New York City, Furriers' Union, Norman Thomas Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:70

Jun 1933-Jul 1933
Box: 3 Folder : 19 New York City, Furriers' Union, Norman Thomas Memorandum

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:71

Jun 1933
Box: 3 Folder : 20 New York City Furriers' Union, Minutes

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:72

Jun 1933
Box: 3 Folder : 21 New York City, Furriers' Union, Reports

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:73

Jun 1933
Box: 4 Folder : 1 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:74

Dec 1933
Box: 4 Folder : 2 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 13, Frame IX:75

Jan 1934-Dec 1934 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 3 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:76

May 1934-Dec 1934 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 4 New York City, August Claessens Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:77

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 5 New York City, August Claessens Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:77

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 6 New York City, August Claessens Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:77

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 7 New York City, Julius Gerber Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:78

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8 New York City, Grievance Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:79

1935 , undated
Box: 4 Folder : 9 New York City, Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:80

Feb 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 5 Folder : 1 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:81

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 5 Folder : 2 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:81

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 5 Folder : 3 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:81

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 5 Folder : 4 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:81

Jan 1935-Dec 1935 , undated
Box: 5 Folder : 5 New York City, YPSL Crisis

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:82

Mar 1935-Jun 1935 , undated
Box: 5 Folder : 6 New York City, August Claessens Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:83

Jan 1936-Dec 1936 , undated
Box: 5 Folder : 7 New York City, August Claessens Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:83

Jan 1936-Dec 1936 , undated
Box: 6 Folder : 1 New York City, Julius Gerber Correspondence

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:84

Jan 1936-Dec 1936 , undated
Box: 6 Folder : 2 New York City, Membership Lists

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:85

1918
Box: 6 Folder : 3 New York City, Membership Lists

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:85

1918
Box: 6 Folder : 4 New York City, Miscellaneous

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:86

Mar 1936-Jul 1936 , undated
Box: 6 Folder : 5 New York City, Organization and Propaganda

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:87

Aug 1936-Nov 1936
Box: 6 Folder : 6 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:88

Jan 1936-Jun 1936 , undated
Box: 6 Folder : 7 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:88

Jan 1936-Jun 1936 , undated
Box: 7 Folder : 1 New York City, Financial Papers

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:89

Jan 1937-Jun 1937 , undated
Box: 7 Folder : 2 New York City, Mimeographed Reports

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:90

Apr 1937-Aug 1937 , undated
Box: 7 Folder : 3 New York City, Women's Committee

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:91

Mar 1937
Box: 7 Folder : 4 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:92

Mar 1939-Aug 1939 , undated
Box: 7 Folder : 5 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:93

Dec 8, 1940 , undated
Box: 7 Folder : 6 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:94

Apr 1941
Box: 7 Folder : 7 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:95

Jun 1944
Box: 7 Folder : 8 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:96

Jan 1945-May 1945
Box: 7 Folder : 9 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:97

Apr 1946
Box: 7 Folder : 10 New York City

General note

Film R-7124, Reel 14, Frame IX:98

undated

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SERIES V: FRAGILE ORIGINALS

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 8 Folder : 1 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 1, FOLDER 1 through BOX 1, FOLDER 9
Box: 8 Folder : 2 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 1, FOLDER 10 through BOX 1, FOLDER 17
Box: 8 Folder : 3 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 1, FOLDER 18 through BOX 1, FOLDER 21
Box: 8 Folder : 4 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 1, FOLDER 23
Box: 8 Folder : 5 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 1, FOLDER 24 through BOX 1, FOLDER 27
Box: 8 Folder : 6 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 2, FOLDER 1 through BOX 2, FOLDER 6
Box: 8 Folder : 7 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 2, FOLDER 7 through BOX 2, FOLDER 15
Box: 8 Folder : 8 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 2, FOLDER 21 through BOX 2, FOLDER 23
Box: 9 Folder : 1 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 2, FOLDER 24 through BOX 2, FOLDER 26
Box: 9 Folder : 2 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 3, FOLDER 1 through BOX 3, FOLDER 2
Box: 9 Folder : 3 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 3, FOLDER 3 through BOX 3, FOLDER 8
Box: 9 Folder : 4 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 3, FOLDER 9 through BOX 3, FOLDER 13
Box: 9 Folder : 5 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 3, FOLDER 14 through BOX 3, FOLDER 15
Box: 9 Folder : 6 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 3, FOLDER 16 through BOX 3, FOLDER 21
Box: 9 Folder : 7 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 4, FOLDER 1 through BOX 4, FOLDER 2
Box: 9 Folder : 8 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 4, FOLDER 4
Box: 9 Folder : 9 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 4, FOLDER 5
Box: 10 Folder : 1 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 4, FOLDER 6
Box: 10 Folder : 2 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 4, FOLDER 7 through BOX 4, FOLDER 9
Box: 10 Folder : 3 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 5, FOLDER 1 through BOX 5, FOLDER 2
Box: 10 Folder : 4 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 5, FOLDER 3 through BOX 5, FOLDER 5
Box: 10 Folder : 5 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 5, FOLDER 6
Box: 10 Folder : 6 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 5, FOLDER 7
Box: 10 Folder : 7 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 6, FOLDER 1 through BOX 6, FOLDER 2
Box: 10 Folder : 8 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 6, FOLDER 3 through BOX 6, FOLDER 5
Box: 11 Folder : 1 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 6, FOLDER 6 through BOX 7, FOLDER 1
Box: 11 Folder : 2 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 7, FOLDER 2 through BOX 7, FOLDER 11
Box: 11 Folder : 3 FRAGILE ORIGINALS from BOX 7, FOLDER 12 through BOX 7, FOLDER 16

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