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Guide to the Olive Tilford Dargan and Rose Pastor Stokes Correspondence TAM.110

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Tamiment staff

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 09, 2018
Finding aid is written in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Dargan, Olive Tilford, 1869-1968
Source - dnr: Zipser, Arthur
Source - dnr: Zipser, Pearl
Title: Olive Tilford Dargan and Rose Pastor Stokes Correspondence
Dates [inclusive]: 1917-1931
Abstract: Olive Tilford Dargan (1869-1968), was an Appalachian poet and novelist. Under the pseudonym Fielding Burke, she wrote two novels about the Gastonia, North Carolina textile workers' strike of 1929, Call Home the Heart (1932) and  A Stone Came Rolling (1935). Rose Pastor Stokes (1879-1933) was a widely published socialist and communist, and author of proletarian plays and poetry. Born in Russian Poland in 1879, Stokes immigrated to the United States where she worked in a cigar factory. In 1903 she became an assistant to the editor of the  Jewish Daily News in New York. In 1905 she married James Graham Phelps Stokes, a wealthy socialist and reformer. In 1918 she was sentenced to ten years in prison under the Espionage Act but the conviction was overturned on appeal. During this period she became a member of the Communist Party and in 1922 was a delegate to the Fourth Congress of the Communist International in Moscow. In 1925 she and James were divorced and two years later she married Jerome Isaac Romaine. She died in 1933 of cancer. The collection contains forty-one letters from Olive Tilford Dargan to Rose Pastor Stokes, two letters from Stokes to Dargan, a letter from the Tallahassee Power Company regarding the possibility of a reservoir covering some property owned by Dargan, and a telegram to Dargan from "John and Mary." The letters between Dargan and Stokes are largely personal in nature, and indicate a close friendship. There is also some discussion of literary and political matters, and the letters from 1930-1931 are concerned with Stoke's final illness.
Quantity: 0.25 Linear Feet in 1 manuscript box
Call Phrase: TAM.110

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Historical/Biographical Note

Olive Tilford Dargan (1869-1968), was an Appalachian poet and novelist, who lived in North Carolina from 1906 until her death. Under the pseudonym Fielding Burke, she wrote two novels about the Gastonia, North Carolina textile workers' strike of 1929, Call Home the Heart (1932) and  A Stone Came Rolling (1935). Rose Pastor Stokes (1879-1933) was widely published socialist and communist. Born in Russian Poland in 1879, Stokes immigrated in 1882 to England and in 1890 to the United States where she worked in a cigar factory. In 1903 she became an assistant to the editor of the Jewish Daily News in New York. In 1905 she married James Graham Phelps Stokes, a wealthy socialist and reformer. By 1912 Stokes was an active socialist participating in labor actions in New York City and writing proletarian poetry and plays, including  The Woman Who Wouldn't (1916). In 1918 she was sentenced to ten years in prison under the Espionage Act but the conviction was overturned on appeal in 1921. During this period she became a member of the Communist Party and in 1922 was an American delegate to the Fourth Congress of the Communist International in Moscow. In 1925 she and James were divorced and two years later she married Jerome Isaac Romaine. She died in 1933 of cancer in Germany, where she had sought treatment.  I Belong to the Working Class: The Unfinished Autobiography of Rose Pastor Stokes, was published in 1992.

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Scope and Content Note

Contains forty-one letters from Olive Tilford Dargan to Rose Pastor Stokes, two letters from Stokes to Dargan, a letter from the Tallahassee Power Company regarding the possibility of a reservoir covering some property owned by Dargan, and a telegram to Dargan from "John and Mary." Dargan's letters to Stokes (and Stokes's two letters to Dargan) are largely personal in nature, and indicate a close friendship. There is also some discussion of literary and political matters, and the letters from 1930-1931 are concerned with Stokes's final illness.

Arrangement

The folders are arranged chronologically.

The files are grouped into one series:

Missing Title

  1. I, Letters to Rose Pastor Stokes

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Stokes, Rose Pastor, 1879-1933
  • Zipser, Arthur
  • Zipser, Pearl

Document Type

  • Correspondence.

Subject Organizations

  • Tallahassee Power Company

Subject Topics

  • Feminists -- United States.
  • Female friendship -- United States.
  • Women communists -- United States.
  • Women poets, American.
  • Women socialists -- United States.
  • Women novelists, American.

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Administrative Information

Custodial History

Arthur and Pearl Zipser sent a gift of Olive Tilford Dargan's correspondence in 1990. The accession number associated with this gift is 1990.006. The letters may have been given to Arthur and Pearl Zipser by Cecil Befrage, who in turn had received them from J. J. Jerome.

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

The Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Archives has no information about copyright ownership for this collection and is not authorized to grant permission to publish or reproduce materials from it. Materials in this collection, which were created in 1917-1931, are expected to enter the public domain in 2039.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Collection name; Collection number; box number; folder number;
Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.

Related Material

Olive Tilford Dargan Papers, University of Kentucky.

Rose Pastor Stokes Papers (TAM 053)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Pearl and Arthur Zipser, 1990. The accession number associated with this gift is 1990.006.

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Container List

Series I: Letters to Rose Pastor Stokes, ca. 1917-1931.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Letters to Rose Pastor Stokes (2)
ca.1917-1918
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Letter to Rose Pastor Stokes
ca.1924
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Stokes, Letters to Olive Tilford Dargan (2)
undated , Dec 1925
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Letters to Rose Pastor Stokes (14)
1925-1928
Box: 1 Folder : 5 John and Mary: Telegram to Olive Tilford Dargan
Jul 19, 1926
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Tallahassee Power Company: Letter to Olive Tilford Dargan, plus Clipping
1928
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Letter to Rose Pastor Stokes
Feb 21, ca. 1928-1929
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Letters to Rose Pastor Stokes (7)
1929
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Letters to Rose Pastor Stokes (10), plus one telegram, one postcard
1930
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Letters to Rose Pastor Stokes (2)
ca.1930-1931
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Letters to Rose Pastor Stokes (4)
1931

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