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Guide to the Dorothy Gallagher Research Files on Carlo Tresca TAM.117

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Hillel Arnold, 2007

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 09, 2018
Description is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Gallagher, Dorothy
Source - dnr: Gallagher, Dorothy
Title: Dorothy Gallagher Research Files on Carlo Tresca
Dates [inclusive]: 1917-1988
Abstract: Carlo Tresca (1897-1943), a charismatic Italian-born anarchist, labor agitator and newspaper editor, was one of the most fascinating figures of the American Left prior to World War II. Dorothy Gallagher, a New York City-based freelance writer is the author of All the Right Enemies: The Life and Murder of Carlo Tresca (Rutgers University Press, 1988). The collection consists of Gallagher's subject files, interview notes and research notes created in preparation for publication of her book.
Quantity: 1.5 Linear Feet (2 boxes)
Call Phrase: TAM.117

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Historical/Biographical Note

Dorothy Gallagher (nee Rosenbloom), was born in Brooklyn to immigrant parents from Ukraine who were devoted members of the Communist Party. A New York-based writer, Gallagher began her career as features editor for Redbook magazine. She then became a freelance writer, publishing in The New York Times Magazine, The New York Times Book Review, and Grand Street. She is the author of three books: Hannah's Daughters: Six Generations of an American Family, 1876-1976 (1976), All the Right Enemies: The Life and Murder of Carlo Tresca (1988), How I Came into My Inheritance: And Other True Stories (2001), and Strangers in the House: Life Stories (2006).

Often described as a "freelance revolutionary," Carlo Tresca (1879-1943) was one of the most compelling and colorful figures of the American left prior to World War II. A newspaper editor, labor organizer, civil libertarian, anarchist, anti-Fascist and anti-Stalinist, Tresca had absorbed his fiery socialist principles and had been active as a trade-unionist and editor in his native Abruzzi before immigrating to the United States in 1904.

After joining the International Workers of the World (IWW) in 1912, Tresca was involved in a number of strikes, including the Lawrence, Massachusetts textile strike (1912), the New York City hotel workers' strike (1913), the Paterson silk strike (1913), and the Mesabi Range, Minnesota, miners' strike (1916). He edited a newspaper called L'Avvenire (The Future), first in Pennsylvania and, from 1913, in New York City. Its successor, from 1917, was Il Martello (The Hammer). Tresca's uncompromising anarcho-syndicalist views resulted in frequent clashes with local and federal authorities, and repeated confiscation of his publications.

He devoted considerable energy to campaigning on behalf of Sacco and Vanzetti in the 1920s and also became preoccupied with the struggle against fascism. Pursued by the U. S. government at the behest of the Mussolini regime, he survived several assassination attempts by fascist supporters. The Spanish Civil War intensified his anti-Communist activity and propaganda, earning him more enemies on the American left.

On the evening of January 11, 1943, Tresca was shot to death on the sidewalk in front of his office at Fifth Avenue and 15th Street. Over the years there has been a lively debate about which of Tresca's many enemies might have been behind the murder. His murder was never prosecuted.

Sources:

  • Gallagher, Dorothy, All the Right Enemies: The Life and Murder of Carlo Tresca. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1988.
  • Pernicone, Nunzio, Carlo Tresca: Portrait of a Rebel. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

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Scope and Content Note

The bulk of the collection consists of Gallagher's subject files on persons, institutions and events relating to Tresca. These files are largely composed of Gallagher's handwritten notes, although some primary material, in particular newspaper clippings, is included. Items of interest include files on figures such as mobster Carmine Galante (believed by many to have murdered Tresca), labor organizer Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (romantically linked to Tresca), Italian-American Labor Council co-founder Vanni Montana, Italian model/actress/photographer Tina Modotti and American Communist Julia Stuart Poyntz, who disappeared in 1937.

In addition, the collection contains copies of files kept on Tresca by various governmental agencies. Most important of these are from the Casellario Politica Centrale, an agency under the aegis of the Italian Ministry of Internal Affairs and devoted to surveillance of anarchists, socialists and other subversives. Other notable files are portions of Tresca's FBI file, as well as files from now-defunct U.S. government agencies, such as the Bureau of Narcotics, the Office of Strategic Services and the Office of War Information. Files from the U.S. Post Office document the suppression of circulation of Il Martello, Tresca's Italian-language newspaper.

Gallagher's handwritten notes from a number of her interviews are also included. Some are with significant figures in Tresca's life and others with relatives of these persons, for example, Harrison De Silver (Margaret De Silver's son), Jane Bobba (daughter of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn's sister Bina Flynn, one of Tresca's lovers), Peter Martin (the son of Bina Flynn and Carlo Tresca), and Len and Roma Giovannitti (children of Arturo Giovannitti).

The collection also contains copies of correspondence obtained by Gallagher from various archives and collections. Of special note are letters to and from Margaret De Silver, John Dos Passos, Herbert Solow, and Hannah Green, and correspondence between Harry Weinberger and Tresca, dating from 1938.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically.

Organized into 1 series:

Missing Title

  1. 1. Subject Files, 1917-1988.

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Tresca, Carlo, 1879-1943.
  • Poyntz, Julia Stuart, 1886-1937?
  • Pernicone, Nunzio, 1940-
  • DeSilver, Marguerite
  • Galante, Carmine.
  • Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970
  • Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley
  • Solow, Herbert, 1903-1964
  • Montana, Vanni B., 1902-
  • Modotti, Tina, 1896-1942
  • Martin, Peter, 1923-
  • Giovannitti, Arturo M., 1884-1959
  • Gallagher, Dorothy

Document Type

  • Research notes.
  • Correspondence.
  • Interviews.
  • Case files.

Subject Organizations

  • Casellario politico centrale
  • United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • United States. Dept. of Justice
  • Tresca Memorial Committee, New York.
  • Mafia.

Subject Topics

  • Children -x Institutional care -- Europe -v Pictorial works.
  • Antisemitism.
  • Race discrimination.
  • Labor leaders -- Europe.
  • Socialists -- Europe.
  • Jewish labor unions -- United States.
  • Anti-fascist movements -- Europe.
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief -v Pictorial works.
  • Employee rights.
  • Resistance movements, War -- Europe.
  • Holocaust survivors -- Europe -v Portraits.
  • Jewish libraries -- Europe -v Pictorial works.
  • Refugee camps -- Europe -v Pictorial works.
  • Demonstrations -- Europe -v Pictorial works.
  • Jews -- Europe -v Portraits.
  • Labor leaders -- United States -v Portraits.
  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
  • Children -- Europe -v Portraits.
  • Theater, Yiddish -- Germany -v Pictorial works.
  • Jewish refugees -- Europe -v Portraits.
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Jews -- Rescue.

Subject Places

  • New York (N.Y.)

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Any rights (including copyright and related rights to publicity and privacy) held by Dorothy Gallagher were transferred to New York University in 2004 by Dorothy Gallagher. Permission to publish or reproduce materials in this collection must be secured from Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Archives. Please contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu, (212) 998-2630.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Dorothy Gallagher Research Files on Carlo Tresca; TAM 117; box number; folder number;
Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Carlo Tresca: Dorothy Gallagher Research Files: Oral Histories (OH 085)

Carlo Tresca "Autobiography" (typescript) (TAM 443)

John Nicholas Beffel Papers (TAM 055)

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Papers (TAM 118)

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn: Martin/Bobba Papers (TAM 348)

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn: Roz Baxandall and Helen Camp Research Files (TAM 224)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Dorothy Gallagher, 2004. The accession number associated with this gift is 2004.017.

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Container List

Series 1: Subject Files, 1917-1988.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Bell, Daniel: Interview
1983
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Bobba, Jane: Interview
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Bollato, John: Interview
1979
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard: CT's Summer Visits
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Casellario Politico Centrale (CPC) Files (I)
1927-1934
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Casellario Politico Centrale (CPC) Files (II)
1927-1934
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Casellario Politico Centrale (CPC) Files (III)
1927-1934
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Coleman, Lester: Interview
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Communists: General Notes
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 De Silver, Burnham: Interview
1979
Box: 1 Folder : 11 De Silver, Harrison: Interview
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 12 De Silver, Margaret: Correspondence (to Beatrice Tresca Canzanelli)
1948-1951
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Death of an Editor (CBS-TV Program)
1953
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Dolgoff, Sam: Interview
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Dos Passos, John: Correspondence (to Jack Diggins)
1966
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Farrell, James: Interview
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Federal Bureau of Investigation Files: Antifascism
1925-1926 , 1943
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Federal Bureau of Investigation Files: General
1943-1947
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Federal Bureau of Investigation Files: Murder Investigation
1943-1950
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Federal Bureau of Narcotics
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley
1943
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley: Sabotage (IWW Pamphlet)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Frager, Jack: Interview
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Galante, Carmine
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Genco, Joseph: Interview
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 11 General Notes
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Genovese, Vito
1946 , 1957
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Gibson, Roland: Correspondence
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Giovannitti, Len: Interview
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Green, Hannah: Correspondence
1981
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Hamburger, Anna (Anna Walling): Interview
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Harkavy, Minna
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Hayes, Eleanor Rice
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Hunter, Mary
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Italian Vice Consulate Bombing (Scranton, PA)
1931 , 1944
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Josephs, Peter Colt: Correspondence
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Lipsky, Eleazar: Interview
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Luciano, Charles (Lucky)
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 24 L'Unita Operaia
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Mafia
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Manuscript: World War I and 1919 period
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Martin, Peter: Interview and Correspondence
1979 , 1986
Box: 2 Folder : 28 Marcantoni, Vito
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Il Martello: United States Post Office Files
1917-1921
Box: 2 Folder : 30 Meteorological Reports (United States Department of Commerce)
1942-1943
Box: 2 Folder : 31 The Militant
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 32 Modotti, Tina
1985
Box: 2 Folder : 33 Montana, Vanni
1948 , 1978-1979
Box: 2 Folder : 34 Morroni, Furio: Synopsis of The Tresca Case
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 35 Murder: General Notes
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 36 Murder and Funeral: Clippings
1943
Box: 2 Folder : 37 Murder Investigation
1943-1946
Box: 2 Folder : 38 New York County District Attorney Files
1943
Box: 2 Folder : 39 New York Police Department
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 40 Pernicone, Nunzio: "Carlo Tresca: A Brief Sketch" (from La Parola del Popolo, Nov/Dec 1978)
1978
Box: 2 Folder : 41 Pirani, Albert: Interview
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 42 Popek, Dave: Interview
1985
Box: 2 Folder : 43 Poyntz, Juliet Stuart
1938 , 1946 , 1988
Box: 2 Folder : 44 Reiger, Roma (Roma Giovannitti): Interview
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 45 Solomon, Sidney: Interview
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 46 Solow, Herbert: Correspondence
1945 , 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 47 Tresca Memorial Committee
1945-1950
Box: 2 Folder : 48 United States Department of Justice Files
1917-1943
Box: 2 Folder : 49 United States Department of Labor: Immigration Files
1925
Box: 2 Folder : 50 United States Department of State Files
1943-1944
Box: 2 Folder : 51 United States Military Intelligence Department
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 52 United States Naval Intelligence Department Files
1941
Box: 2 Folder : 53 United States Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Files
1943
Box: 2 Folder : 54 United States Office of War Information Files
1943
Box: 2 Folder : 55 Wayne State University: Correspondence
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 56 Weinberger, Harry: Correspondence (with Carlo Tresca)
1938
Box: 2 Folder : 57 Weisbord, Vera: Interview
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 58 Wolfe, Ella: Interview
1979

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