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Guide to the Edward J. Falkowski Papers TAM.120

Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
New York, NY, 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive

Collection processed by Tamiment staff

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit on June 04, 2014 using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Edited by Rachel Schimke for compliance with DACS and Tamiment Required Elements for Archival Description and to reflect the incorporation of nonprint materials  , 3/9/2013

Descriptive Summary

 
Creator: Falkowski, Edward J., 1901-1984
Title: Edward J. Falkowski Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1910-1983
Dates [bulk]: Bulk, 1930-1970
Abstract: Edward J. Falkowski (1901-1984) was a journalist, trade unionist, and radical who was politically close to the communist movement in the 1920s-1940s. He was a prolific writer, contributing articles to left-wing journals throughout his life. He spent the years 1930-1937 living in the Soviet Union and writing for the English-language paper Moscow News. In addition to being a journalist, in the 1950s Falkowski was also a shop steward to the United Automobile, Aircraft and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW), Local 365. The collection documents Falkowski's years in the Soviet Union, his involvement with Local 365, the evolution of his work as a writer and journalist, and his family relationships. The collection mainly consists of Falkowski's published and unpublished writings, correspondence, journals, scrapbooks, and labor union records.
Quantity: 13.25 linear feet in 9 record cartons, 12 custom-made boxes for scrapbooks, and 5 folders
Language of Materials note: Materials are mostly in English, though some materials are in Polish, Russian, and German.
Call Phrase: TAM.120

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Historical/Biographical Note

Edward J. Falkowski (1901-1984) was a journalist, trade unionist, and radical who was politically close to the communist movement in the 1920s-1940s. He was born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania in 1901. As a teenager, Falkowski began working in the coal mines, and he became active in the United Mine Workers (UMW). In 1926, Falkowski began attending Brookwood Labor College in Katonah, New York on a UMW scholarship. During this time, Falkowski's articles and poetry first appeared in Labor Age and  New Masses. (Falkowski used two pseudonyms in his published writings: "Edward Fulsky" in the 1920s and "Polonicus" in the 1970s.)

In 1928, Falkowski traveled to Germany as a work exchange student. Encouraged by friends and attracted politically to the Russian Revolution, he decided to visit and write about the Soviet Union, arriving in May 1930. He remained in the Soviet Union for seven years, during which time he worked as a journalist for the Moscow News (an English-language paper), married, and began raising a family. In 1937, he left the Soviet Union and returned to the United States, where he settled in Toledo, Ohio. He taught for a time at Commonwealth College in Mena, Arkansas, then was drafted into the army. After his service, he remarried and continued his writing activities.

In the mid 1940s, at the urging of labor organizer Leo Krzycki, Falkowski helped organize and worked for the communist-associated American Slav Congress, an umbrella organization of Slavic Americans. He later directed a Polish press agency.

As a factory worker in the plastics department at Eagle Electric Manufacturing Company in the 1950s, Falkowski served as shop steward to the United Automobile, Aircraft and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW), Local 365 in Queens, New York. He moved into a management position at Eagle Electric in 1959.

In the 1960s, Falkowski was active in New York City housing issues, worked as a field interviewer for the National Opinion Research Center, and contributed articles to the Christian Herald,  Good Business,  Supervision,  Modern Management,  Christian Science Sentinal,  New Republic, and  New Freeman.

Falkowski died in New York City in 1984.

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Scope and Contents note

The collection spans over eight decades and documents Falkowski's years in the Soviet Union; his involvement with UAW, Local 365 and his employment at Eagle Electric; the evolution of his work as a writer and journalist; and his family relationships. The collection consists of Falkowski's published and unpublished writings, correspondence, journals, and scrapbooks. It also contains photographs, notes, biographical materials, and labor union records.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into seven series. Folders are arranged alphabetically or chronologically within each series.

Series I: Journals
Series II: Correspondence
Series III: Writings
Series IV: Scrapbooks and Photographs
Series V: UAW, Local 365
Series VI: Moscow Years
Series VII: Unprocessed Materials

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Adamic, Louis, 1899-1951
  • Conroy, Jack, 1898-1990
  • Falkowski, Edward J., 1901-1984
  • Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley
  • North, Joseph

Document Type

  • Articles.
  • Correspondence.
  • Manuscripts (document genre)
  • Photographs.

Subject Organizations

  • American Slav Congress.
  • Eagle Electronics (Firm).
  • United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America.

Subject Topics

  • Communists -- United States.
  • Journalism, Communist.
  • Labor journalism -- United States.
  • Polish Americans |v Biography.
  • Socialists -- United States.

Subject Places

  • Germany |x Description and travel.
  • Soviet Union |x Description and travel.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Open for research without restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Copyright (and related rights to publicity and privacy) to materials in this collection created by Edward J. Falkowski are held by the Falkowski family. Permission to publish or reproduce materials to which the family holds copyright must be secured from the copyright holder. Please contact the Tamiment Library for assistance with contacting the Falkowski family.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Edward Falkowski Papers; TAM 120; Box number; Folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Archival Materials

There is also a collection of Edward Falkowski's papers at the Walter P. Reuther Library at Wayne State University.

Separated Materials

A run of the Polish Press Agency from 1944 to 1946, featuring articles written by Falkowski, was separated for library cataloging.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note

Materials in the collection are extremely brittle. Please use care when handling materials.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Helen Falkowski, widow of Edward J. Falkowski, sent a gift of Edward Falkowski's papers in 1984. The accession numbers associated with this gift are 1984.019, 1984.02 and NPA.2005.056.

Processing Information note

Photographs and other graphic materials were separated from this collection during initial processing and were established as a separate collection, the Edward J. Falkowski Photographs (PHOTOS 205). In 2013, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the Edward J. Falkowski Papers (TAM 120). Scrapbooks were rehoused in custom-made boxes by Preservation department.

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Container List

Series I: Journals, 1917-1982

Scope and Content Note

Series I contains the journals Falkowski maintained throughout his life. The journals are particularly valuable for their documentation of his early years and his time in Germany and the Soviet Union.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Journals
1917-1919
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Journals
1920s
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Journals
1930-1931
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Journals
1935
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Journals
1936-1937
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Journals
1938
Box: 1 Folder : 7A-7B Journals
1939
Box: 1 Folder : 8A-8B Journals
1940
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Journals
1941
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Journals
1942-1945
Box: 1 Folder : 11A-11B Journals
1946-1947
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Journals
1948-1949
Box: 1 Folder : 13A-13B Journals
1950-1954
Box: 1 Folder : 14A-14B Journals
1955-1957
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Journals
1958
Box: 1 Folder : 16A-16B Journals
1959
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Journals
195_? (1950s)
Box: 1 Folder : 18A-18B Journals
1960
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Journals
1961
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Journals
1962-1964
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Journals
1965
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Journals
1966-1967
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Journals
1968-1969
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Journals
1970-1971
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Journals
1972
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Journals
1973-1974
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Journals
1975
Box: 2 Folder : 8A-8B, 9A-9B Journals
1976
Box: 2 Folder : 10A-10B Journals
1977
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Journals
1978
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Journals
1979-1980
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Journals
1981-1982
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Journals
undated

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Series II: Correspondence, 1910-1983

Scope and Content Note

Series II is primarily Falkowski's correspondence with his family, especially his wife and siblings. Prominent correspondents include Joseph North, Jack Conroy, Louis Adamic, and Elizabeth Gurely Flynn.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Correspondence
1910s
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Correspondence
1920s
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Correspondence
1930s
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Correspondence
1940s
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Correspondence
1950s
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Correspondence
1960s
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Correspondence
1970-1973
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Correspondence
1974-1976
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Correspondence
1977
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Correspondence
1978
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Correspondence
1979
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Correspondence
1980s
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Hannah (?)
December 1928-April 1934
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Clyde Beasley
March 1979-August 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Jon Bloom
September 1976-February 1979
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Inga Christensen
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Jack Conroy
October 1937-August 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Viola Cooper
July 1940-May 1942
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Harold Dellinger
December 1975-December 1978
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Harold Dellinger
January 1979-August 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Edna Falkowski Nofen
July 1938-June 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 15 George Falkowski
July 1968-December 1976
Box: 3 Folder : 16 George Falkowski
January 1977-January 1983, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Helen Falkowski
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Helena Falkowski
June 1922-November 1964
Box: 3 Folder : 19 John Falkowski
August 1978-June 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Paul Falkowski
June 1961-May 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Stanley Falkowski
January 1927-August 1951
Box: 3 Folder : 22 Walter Falkowski
July 1917-1930s
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Boleslaw Gebert
February 1969-February 1979
Box: 3 Folder : 24 John Maliniak
May 1976-June 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 25 Polish Embassy
1945-1968
Box: 3 Folder : 26 Rose Prokofiev
October 1931-December 1937
Box: 3 Folder : 27 Rose Prokofiev
February 1938-September 1945
Box: 3 Folder : 28 Rose Prokofiev
December 1973-May 1980
Box: 3 Folder : 29 William Seligman
March 1974-August 1982
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Tracy Strong
October 1980-October 1981
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Juan Tomaszewski
November 1971-October 1978
Box: 3 Folder : 32 Juan Tomaszewski
June 1979-June 1982, undated
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Ann Utterback
December 1976-March 1977
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Wayne State University
February 1974-June 1979
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Douglas Wixson
February 1982-August 1982
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Undated and Fragments
undated

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Series III: Writings, 1910-1970s

Scope and Content Note

Series III contains both published and unpublished works by Falkowski.

Subseries A: Published Writings

Scope and Content Note

Journals for which Falkowski wrote include Labor Age,  New Masses,  Rebel Poet,  The Anvil,  Moscow News,  Polish American Journal, and  People's Voice (under the pen name "Polonicus"). He also wrote for the Federated Press, a leftist labor news service.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 5 The Anvil thru  Fur den Sonntag
1930s-1960s
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Good Business thru  New Freeman
1920s-1960s
Box: 4 Folder : 7 New Masses
1920s-1940s
Box: 4 Folder : 8 People's Voice
1950s-1970s
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Observer thru  Young Outlook
1930s-1960s
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Unknown Sources
undated

Subseries B: Literary Manuscripts

Scope and Content Note

The literary manuscripts consist of Falkowski's poetry, sketches, short stories, plays, and novels. The first folder in the subseries contains four unique issues of a literary journal produced by Falkowski and his friends in Pennsylvania.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Chapbooks
1920s
Box: 5 Folder : 15 Fragments
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Notes
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Notes on Art, Books, etc.
1960s-1970s, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Notecards
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 4-5 Novel: Anthracite
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Novel: Dawn Lantern
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 7-12 Novel: Iron Vineyard
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 18 Plays
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 15-17 Play: Dark Circle
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 19 Plays: Untitled and Fragments
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Poems
1960s-1970s, undated
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Poems and Prose
1910-1930
Box: 4 Folder : 20-27 Stories
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 1-3 Stories: Untitled and Fragments
undated

Subseries C: Journalism, Notes, Interviews, Biography, and Autobiography

Scope and Content Note

The subseries includes interviews and manuscripts produced from Falkowski's work as a journalist. It also includes Falkowski's autobiography and other biographical materials.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Biography, Autobiography, ID Cards, and Miscellaneous Biographical Materials
1940s-1970s, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Journalism and Notes: Arkansas
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 5-7 Journalism and Notes: Coal
1941, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 18 Journalism and Notes: College at Sixty
1949, 1977, undated
Box: 5 Folder : 16 Journalism and Notes: Germany
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 17 Journalism and Notes: Grant House
1960s, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Journalism and Notes: Ohio
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 8-10 Journalism and Notes: Polish Matters
1960s-1970s, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 11-13 Journalism and Notes: "Polonicus"
1960s, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 1-2 Journalism and Notes: Soviet Union
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 14-16 Journalism and Notes: Work
1950s, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 19 Interviews: Jeff Davis
1940s, undated
Box: 6 Folder : 20-21 Interviews: National Opinion Research Center (N.O.R.C.)
1960s, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 1-3 Interviews: National Opinion Research Center (N.O.R.C.)
1960s, undated

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Series IV: Scrapbooks and Photographs

Scope and Content Note

Series IV contains twenty-seven scrapbooks, given sixteen subject titles by Falkowski. The major subject areas are mine workers and the UMW, Polish Americans, and Americans in the USSR. There are also a small number of photographs, postcards, and other graphic materials, primarily regarding coal mining in Pennsylvania and the American Slav Congress.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 8 Scrapbook: Falkowski Writings
circa 1930-1970
Box: 9 Scrapbooks: Fight to Save the Mines and Union Issues and Politics
circa 1930-1970
Box: 12 Scrapbooks: Memoribilia, Moscow News: USSR Spetzes, Metro Spetzes Industry
circa 1930-1970
Box: 13 Scrapbooks: Moscow News: Americans in USSR,  Moscow News: Coal,  Moscow News: Americans in USSR
circa 1930-1970
Box: 14 Scrapbooks: Moscow News: Americans in USSR,  Moscow News: USSR Culture,  Moscow News: USSR Culture and Literature
circa 1930-1970
Box: 15 Scrapbooks: Pennsylvnia Coal Mining, Coal Mining in the USA, Moscow News: Coal Special Features
circa 1930-1970
Box: 16 Scrapbooks: Polish Clippings, Polonicus Clippins, Post-War Problems in Poland
circa 1930-1970
Box: 17 Scrapbooks: Polish Emigres, Wartime Struggles of Emigre Groups
circa 1930-1970
Box: 18 Scrapbook: Polish Emigres During the War
circa 1930-1970
Box: 19 Scrapbooks: Post-War Lithuania and Baltic States, Moscow News: Clippings, Toledo Clippings
circa 1930-1970
Box: 20 Scrapbook: Slav Congress in Poland
circa 1930-1970
Box: 21 Scrapbooks: War Years in Poland, Moscow News: USSR Culture and Literature
circa 1930-1970
Box: OS 001 Coal Mining
undated
Box: A 002 Folder : 1 Coal Mining
1889, 1918, undated
Box: A 002 Folder : 2 Portraits and Signed Photographs
1970s, undated
Box: A 002 Folder : 3 Sketch (Falkowski?)
undated
Box: A 002 Folder : 4 Slav Congress
1938, 1941, 1945

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Series V: United Automobile, Aircraft and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW), Local 365

Scope and Content Note

Series V documents Falkowski's involvement with UAW, Local 365 during his employment in the plastics department at Eagle Electric Manufacturing Company in the 1950s. The series mostly consists of contract negotiations between Local 365 and Eagle Electric, Falkowski's shop notes, correspondence between Local 365 and Eagle Electric, and Eagle Electric inter-office correspondence.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 24 Benefits
1950s, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 5 Constitutions
1950s, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 19 Contract Negotiations
1949
Box: 7 Folder : 20 Contract Negotiations
1950-1953
Box: 7 Folder : 21 Contract Negotiations
1954-1956
Box: 7 Folder : 22 Contract Negotiations
1957-1959
Box: 7 Folder : 23 Contract Negotiations
undated
Box: 7 Folder : 27 Dues Book
1950s
Box: 7 Folder : 32 Eagle Plastics Products and Equipment
1950s, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 30 Elections
1950s, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 31 Falkowski Correspondence
1954, 1958-1959
Box: 7 Folder : 25 Grievances and Arbitrations
1950s
Box: 7 Folder : 26 Membership
1950s, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 6 Minutes
1950s-1960
Box: 7 Folder : 29 Newsletters and Notices
1950s, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 7 Shop Correspondence
1949
Box: 7 Folder : 8 Shop Correspondence
1950
Box: 7 Folder : 9 Shop Correspondence
1951
Box: 7 Folder : 10 Shop Correspondence
1952
Box: 7 Folder : 11 Shop Correspondence
1953
Box: 7 Folder : 12 Shop Correspondence
1954
Box: 7 Folder : 13 Shop Correspondence
1955
Box: 7 Folder : 14 Shop Correspondence
1956
Box: 7 Folder : 15 Shop Correspondence
1957
Box: 7 Folder : 16 Shop Correspondence
1958
Box: 7 Folder : 17 Shop Correspondence
1959
Box: 7 Folder : 18 Shop Correspondence
1960
Box: 7 Folder : 33 Shop Notes
1949-1950
Box: 7 Folder : 34 Shop Notes
1951-1954
Box: 7 Folder : 35 Shop Notes
1955-1958
Box: 7 Folder : 36 Shop Notes
1959-1960
Box: 7 Folder : 37 Shop Notes
undated
Box: 7 Folder : 28 Shop Steward Manual
circa 1956
Box: 10 Folder : 1-2 Shop Stories
undated

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Series VI: Moscow Years

Scope and Content Note

Series VI documents Falkowski's years in the Soviet Union. The materials in this series provide a first-hand account, through Falkowski's personal observations and interviews, of the daily life of industrial and agricultural workers in the 1930s. The materials offer insight into the workers' perceptions of the period's economic and political transformation, as well as their reactions from social and cultural viewpoints. There are also draft notes and essays on foreign specialists that document their perceptions of the Soviet Union and the conditions under which they worked and lived.

The series includes two unpublished manuscripts for novels that take place in the Soviet Union, one titled "Boris" and one which is untitled.

To a lesser extent, the series contains subject files on topics such as courts and trials, housing, press and journalism, and theatrical and fine arts. There are also a small number of profiles and interviews regarding literature and literary figures.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 10 Folder : 13 Agriculture
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 14 "Boris" Synopsis and Fragmented Manuscript
undated
Box: 10 Folder : 15 Coal Mines
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 3 Correspondence
May 28, 1930-July 25, 1937
Box: 10 Folder : 16 Courts and Trials
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 17 Foreign Specialists
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 9 Fragmented Journal Entries
January 6-December 30 [1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 10 Fragmented Journal Entries
undated [1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 27 General Fragmented Writings
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 18 Housing
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 19 Industry
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 20 Interviews and Profiles of Literaries
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 4 Journal Entries
May 13, 1930-May 11, 1937
Box: 10 Folder : 6 Journal Entries
January 3-March 31 [1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 5 Journal Entries
April 3-June 28 [1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 7 Journal Entries
July 2-September 30 [1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 8 Journal Entries
October 3-December 30 [1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 21 "Lenin's Literary Style" (by Falkowski)
undated
Box: 10 Folder : 22 Miscellaneous
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 23 Press and Journalism
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 11 Published Articles on Soviet Literature
1932, undated
Box: 10 Folder : 12 Series of Published Articles on Coal Mining Operations
1930-1933
Box: 10 Folder : 24 Soviet Writers on Literary Topics
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 25 Theatrical and Fine Arts
[1930-1937]
Box: 10 Folder : 26 Untitled Book Manuscript (Two Drafts)
undated

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Series VII: Unprocessed Materials

Scope and Content Note

Series VII contains unprocessed materials and duplicates.

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 11 Unprocessed Materials and Duplicates
undated

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