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Guide to the James S. Allen Papers TAM.142

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
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Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Peter Filardo and Elliot Silver, 2002. Edited by Rachel Schimke to reflect accession, 2014.

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 23, 2018
Finding aid is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Allen, James S.
Source: Auerbach, Jesse
Title: James S. Allen Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1920-1994
Dates [bulk]: 1945-1970
Abstract: James S. Allen, born Sol Auerbach (1906-1986), was an organizer, Marxist scholar, writer and editor for the Communist Party, USA. He was a doctoral candidate in philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania and was in the first American student delegation to the Soviet Union. In 1928, he joined the Communist Party and began writing for the Daily Worker. He was a leading party organizer in the south in the early 1930s, and edited the  Labor Defender and  Southern Worker. In the late 1930's, he travelled to the Phillippines where he helped to arrange the merger of the socialist and Communist parties. His books include:  The Negro Question in the United States (1936),  Atomic Energy and Society (1949), and  Organizing in the Depression South: A Communist's Memoir (2001). From 1962 to 1972, Allen also headed International Publishers, the CPUSA publishing house. The collection includes his correspondence, Communist Party documents, photographs, and scrapbooks.
Quantity: 8 Linear Feet in 6 record cartons, 2 manuscript boxes, and 2 folders in a flat-file drawer.
Location: Most materials are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use. Please contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu at least two business days prior to research visit.
Language: Materials are in English, with a small amount of material in Spanish
Call Phrase: TAM.142

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Historical/Biographical Note

James S. Allen (1906-1986), an organizer, Marxist scholar, writer and editor for the Communist Party, USA, was born Sol Auerbach in Philadelphia in 1906, the year his parents, Jacob and Luba, who were Russian Jewish radicals, came to the U.S. A doctoral candidate in philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, he traveled in 1927 with the first American student delegation to the Soviet Union. In 1928 he was expelled from college for his radical activities, joined the Communist Party and began writing for the Daily Worker, and edited the  Labor Defender. In 1930, he took the pen name by which he became known and, with his wife Isabelle, founded and edited the  Southern Worker, the first Communist weekly published in the South, which was circulated on an underground basis. As a member of the Party's Southern District committee, Allen played a prominent role in all of the CPUSA's major regional activities during the early 1930s; the organizing of Alabama sharecroppers, the Harlan, Kentucky miners' strike and the Scottsboro case.

Three books by Allen, The Negro Question in the United States (1936),  Reconstruction: The Battle for Democracy (1937), and  American Communism and Black Americans (with Philip Foner, 1987), reflect his political concerns and southern experiences. By 1931, the strain of underground political work caused Allen to leave the South. In the late 1930s he was CPUSA representative in the Philippines, and a correspondent for The Nation (per a letter by editor Max Lerner), where he helped obtain the release of Communist prisoners and helped achieve the merger of the Communist and Socialist Parties. He served as foreign editor of the  Daily Worker until being drafted in 1944.

During the Cold War years, he served as foreign editor of the Sunday Worker and was compelled to appear as a witness before the House Un-American Activities Committee. During the years 1958-1966, Allen was the secretary of the Party's National Program Committee, which was charged with developing a new program for the CPUSA, and he authored the initial drafts of the program, which was not published until 1970, and corresponded with prominent communists including Herbert Aptheker, William Z. Foster, John Howard Lawson, Pettis Perry and Al Richmond. From 1962 to 1972 Allen headed International Publishers, the CPUSA publishing house, having assisted his predecessor Alexander Trachtenberg, over the previous decades. He later served as U.S. editor of the Collected Works of Marx and Engels, a joint undertaking with English and Soviet publishers, corresponding with the British Marxist philosopher Maurice Cornforth. Allen also wrote several polemical books and pamphlets, including Atomic Energy and Society (1949), which elicited a signed letter from Albert Einstein, and several unpublished manuscripts, including a memoir titled "Visions and Revisions," a portion of which was posthumously published as  Organizing in the Depression South: A Communist's Memoir (2001).

James Allen Bibliography : Books & Pamphlets

  • American Communism and Black Americans : A Documentary History, 1919-1929, edited by Philip S. Foner and James S. Allen (Philadelphia : Temple University Press, 1987), 235 p.
  • The American Negro (New York : International Pamphlets, 1932), 31p.
  • Atomic Energy and Society (New York, International Publishers, 1949), 95 p.
  • Atomic Imperialism: The State, Monopoly, and the Bomb (New York, International Publishers, 1952), 288 p.
  • The Cartel System, (New York : International Publishers, c1946), 32 p.
  • Conference on Managed Economy, The Cold War and the Developing Economic Crisis, 1949: Jefferson School of Social Science, New York, The economic crisis and the cold war; reports, edited by James S. Allen and Doxey A. Wilkerson, with an introductory essay by William Z. Foster (New York, New Century Publishers, 1949), 113 p.
  • The Crisis in India, (New York : Workers Library Publishers, 1942), 31 p.
  • Disarmament and the American Economy : A Symposium, James S. Allen, et al, edited by Herbert Aptheker (New York : New Century Publishers, 1960), 64 p.
  • The Economic Crisis and the Cold War, edited by James S. Allen and Doxey A. Wilkerson: with an introductory essay by William Z. Foster (New York: New Century Publishers, 1949), 113 p.
  • The Lessons of Cuba, (New York : New Century Publishers, 1961), 31 p.
  • Marshall Plan : Recovery or War, (New York : New Century Publishers, 1948), 64 p.
  • Negro Liberation, (New York : International Publishers, 1938), 46 p.
  • The Negro Question in the United States (New York, International Publishers, 1936), 224 p..
  • The Negroes in a Soviet America (New York : Workers Library Publishers, 1935), 46 p. By James W. Ford and James S. Allen.
  • On Democratic Centralism : Name and Form, (S.l. : s.n., 19-), 6 p.
  • Organizing in the Depression South : A Communist's Memoir, (Minneapolis, Minn.: MEP Publications, 2001), 145 p.
  • The Philippine Left on the Eve of World War II, foreword by William Pomeroy, 2nd ed., (Minneapolis : MEP Publications, 1993), 167 p.
  • The Radical Left on the Eve of War : A Political Memoir Quezon City, Philippines : Foundation for Nationalist Studies, 1985), 121 p.
  • Reconstruction: The Battle for Democracy (1865-1876) (New York, International Publishers, 1937), 256 p.
  • Smash the Scottsboro Lynch Verdict (New York : Workers Library Publishers, 1933), 16 p.
  • Thomas Paine : Selections from his Writings, with an introduction, by James S. Allen (New York: International Publishers, 1937), 96 p.
  • The United States and the Common Market (New York : New Century Publishers, 1962), 36 p.
  • Who Owns America? (New York, New Century Publishers, 1946), pamphlet.
  • World Cooperation for Post-War Prosperity (New York, New Century publishers, 1945), 63 p.
  • World Monopoly and Peace (New York, International Publishers 1946), 288 p.

James Allen Bibliography : Articles

  • "America and neutrality," National issues: A survey of politics and legislation, 1 (1939), 13-16.
  • "American imperialism and the war," Communism, 18 (1939), 1046-1053.
  • "The American road to Socialism," Political Affairs, 37 (1958), 8-27.
  • "Awakening in the cotton belt," New Masses, 8 (1932), 11-12.
  • "The black belt: area of Negro majority," Communist, 13 (1934), 581-599.
  • "Bretton Woods and world security," Communist, 23 (1944), 1078-1086.
  • "The Communist way out," Crisis, 42 (1935), 134-135.
  • "Democratic revival and the Marxists," Masses & Mainstream, 8 (1955), 1-11.
  • "Enlightened American imperialism in the Philippines," Political Affairs, 25 (1946), 526-540.
  • "The far eastern front in the war against the axis," Communist, 21 (1942), 143-162.
  • "Farm production for defense," Communist, 20 (1941), 910-916.
  • "The farmers and the struggle against the war program," Communist, 19 (1940), 628-648.
  • "Lenin and the American Negro," Communist, 13 (1934), 53-61.
  • "The Negro question," Political Affairs, 25 (1946), 1132-1150.
  • "The new state in the Far East," Political Affairs, 24 (1945), 441-447.
  • "The new war economy," Political Affairs, 27 (1948), 1055-1074.
  • "The Pacific front in the global war," Communist, 21 (1942), 1012-1020.
  • "The policy of anti-Soviet encirclement," Political Affairs, 26 (1947), 563-570.
  • "Problems of foreign policy," Political Affairs, 36 (1957), 19-31.
  • "Prologue to the liberation of the Negro," Communist, 12 (1933), 147-170.
  • "The Scottsboro struggle," Communist, 12 (1933), 437-448.
  • "Some lessons of the fateful decade," Communist, 22 (1943), 258-265.
  • "The Soviet nations and Teheran," Communist, 23 (1944), 206-216.
  • "We can win in 1943," Communist, 22 (1943), 680-687.
  • "The world assembly at San Francisco," Political Affairs, 24 (1945), 291-301.

Allen wrote the initial draft for the following works, and played a leading role in the Communist Party's Program Committee, which was responsible for drafting them --

  • Communist Party of the United States of America, New program of the Communist Party, U. S.A.; a draft (New York, Political Affairs Publishers, 1966), 127 p.
  • Communist Party of the United States of America, New program of the Communist Party U.S.A. (New York, New Outlook Publishers, 1970), 128 p.

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    Scope and Content Note

    The collection documents James Allen's life-long involvement in the Communist Party, particularly his leadership of the National Program Committee and his work in the Philippines, in the form of correspondence, notes, research materials, photographs, minutes, drafts, and other materials. Manuscripts and typescripts document Allen's writing career, especially in regards to his autobiography and his works on politics and race relations in the South. The collection also includes biographical information on Allen and materials related to his early and personal life. A small amount of material was created or collected by Allen's wife, Isabelle Auerbach, and reflects her involvement with the Communist Party and other political causes.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into seven series:

    Series I: Biographical and Correspondence
    Series II: Communist Party, USA New Program Committee
    Series III: FOIA Files
    Series IV: Philippines
    Series V: Subject Files
    Series VI: Writings
    Series VII: Scrapbooks and Charts

    Folders are generally arranged alphabetically within each series. A portion of the correspondence is arranged chronologically.

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    Access Points

    Subject Names

    • Hall, Gus
    • Aptheker, Herbert, 1915-2003.
    • Allen, James S.
    • Perry, Pettis. -- |v Portraits
    • Lumer, Hyman
    • Auerbach, Isabelle
    • Auerbach, Jacob
    • Auerbach, Luba
    • Foster, William Z., 1881-1961.
    • Gates, John, 1913-
    • Cornforth, Maurice Campbell
    • Lawson, John Howard, 1894-1977.
    • Marx, Karl, 1818-1883
    • Haga, Takeshi
    • Jackson, James
    • Roca Calderio, Blas
    • Wilkerson, Doxey Alphonso, 1905-1993.
    • Pomeroy, William J., 1916-
    • Richmond, Al, 1913-1987.
    • Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955.
    • Auerbach, Jesse

    Document Type

    • Notes.
    • Documents.
    • Correspondence.
    • Photographs.
    • Clippings (information artifacts)
    • Charts (graphic documents).
    • Printed ephemera.
    • Scrapbooks.

    Subject Organizations

    • Communist Party of the United States of America. Agrarian Commission
    • Communist Party of the United States of America -- History
    • Communist Party of the United States of America. National Program Committee
    • Communist Party of the United States of America. Negro Commission
    • International Publishers
    • Communist Party of the United States of America

    Subject Topics

    • Communists -- United States.
    • International relations.
    • Economics.
    • African Americans.
    • Strikes and lockouts -- United States.
    • Communism -- Cuba -x History -v Sources.
    • Communism -- Philippines -x History -v Sources.
    • Communism -- United States -- History -- 20th century.

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    Administrative Information

    Conditions Governing Access

    Materials are open without restrictions.

    Conditions Governing Use

    Copyright (and related rights to publicity and privacy) to materials in this collection created by James Allen was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

    Preferred Citation

    Published citations should take the following form:

    Identification of item, date; James S. Allen Papers; TAM 142; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

    Immediate Source of Acquisition

    Donated by James S. Allen in 1982; addional materials were donated by Jesse Auerbach in 1986 and 2013. The accession numbers associated with this gift is 1982.009 and 2014.011.

    Processing Information

    Materials from the 2014 donation were rehoused in archival boxes and folders. Some particularly brittle materials were placed in mylar.

    Appraisal

    Duplicates of Allen's biography for his memorial were removed from the 2014 accession.

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    Container List

    Series I: Correspondence and Biographical and Family Papers

    Scope and Content Note

    The Biographical and Correspondence series is divided into two subseries, alphabetical and chronological, and principally consists of correspondence. Notable are a file of 1938 correspondence between Allen and his wife, Isabelle Auerbach, much of it written during his trip to the Philippines; correspondence with William Z. Foster, who sought Allen's advice regarding his writings; a polemical exchange with Hyman Lumer, regarding his War Economy and Crisis (1954); correspondence with Japanese Marxist publisher Takeshi "Fred" Haga; some of Allen's student writings; and a file on his dismissal in 1928 from his position as a philosophy instructor at the University of Pennsylvania. Also included is some of Isabelle Auerbach's later correspondence, mostly pertaining to her work with International Publishers.

    Subseries A: Alphabetical

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 1 Folder : 1 Auerbach, Isabelle: Correspondence
    1938
    Box: 9 Auerbach, Isabelle: Correspondence
    1968-1972
    Box: 1 Folder : 2 Auerbach, Isabelle, Death of: Correspondence
    1971-1973
    Box: 9 Auerbach, Sol and Isabelle (re: Communist Party Issues and the Great Depression): Correspondence
    1928-1931
    Box: 1 Folder : 3 Allen, James, 60th Birthday Celebration: Correspondence
    1966
    Box: 1 Folder : 4 Auerbach, Jesse (son): Correspondence
    1962
    Box: 9 Biography for Memorial
    circa 1986
    Box: 1 Folder : 4A College Compositions
    1923-1927
    Box: 1 Folder : 5 Daily Worker (lengthy "Anti-Gates" letter to the editor)
    ca.1956-1958
    Box: 1 Folder : 6 FOIA: Correspondence
    1977-1985
    Box: 1 Folder : 7 Foster, William Z.: Correspondence (re: Outline Political History of the Americas)
    1950
    Box: 1 Folder : 8 Haga, Takeshi ("Fred"): Correspondence
    1969-1974
    Box: 1 Folder : 9 Lumer, Hyman (re: War Economy and Crisis): Correspondence
    1953
    Box: 1 Folder : 10 Marx and Engels Collected Works: Correspondence, Alphabetical
    1969-1976
    Box: 1 Folder : 11 Marx and Engels Collected Works: Correspondence - Cornforth, Maurice
    1969-1976
    Box: 1 Folder : 12 Mins, Henry (translator, Marx and Engels Collected Works): Correspondence
    1973-1975
    Box: 1 Folder : 13 Passport: Correspondence
    1959-1966
    Box: 1 Folder : 14 Pennsylvania, University of: Allen's Loss of Instructorship
    1928
    Box: 1 Folder : 14A Poems and Jottings
    1920-1927
    Box: 1 Folder : 15 U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operations: Allen testimony
    1953-1957
    Box: 1 Folder : 15A What's in a Name? (Re: Allen/Auerbach)
    undated

    Subseries B: Chronological

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 1 Folder : 16 Correspondence
    1935-1948
    Box: 1 Folder : 17 Correspondence
    1951-1959
    Box: 1 Folder : 18 Correspondence
    1960-1969
    Box: 1 Folder : 19 Correspondence
    1971
    Box: 1 Folder : 20 Correspondence
    1972
    Box: 1 Folder : 21 Correspondence
    1973
    Box: 1 Folder : 22 Correspondence
    1974-1975
    Box: 1 Folder : 23 Correspondence
    1976-1977
    Box: 1 Folder : 24 Correspondence
    1978-1979
    Box: 1 Folder : 25 Correspondence
    1980-1981
    Box: 1 Folder : 26 Correspondence
    1982-1983
    Box: 1 Folder : 27 Correspondence
    1984-1986

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    Series II. Communist Party USA New Program

    Scope and Content Note

    The Program Committee series contains, in addition to numerous drafts authored and/or edited by Allen, correspondence with prominent communists, minutes and other Committee documents, notes taken at CP National Executive Committee Meetings (1960), a brief unpublished typescript by William Z. Foster "Notes on the Communist Party Electoral Policy" (1958) with annotations by Allen, and programmatic materials of other communist parties.

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 1 Folder : 28 Allen: The American Road to Socialism - Program Questions and Political Affairs Article
    1958
    Box: 1 Folder : 29 Allen: Communist Party National Executive Committee Meeting Notes
    1960
    Box: 1 Folder : 30 Allen: Correspondence (Alphabetical)
    1958-1959 , 1965
    Box: 1 Folder : 31 Allen: Correspondence (re: American Road to Socialism)
    ca.1958
    Box: 1 Folder : 32 Allen: Correspondence (First Name Only)
    1958-1959
    Box: 1 Folder : 33 Allen: How to Move Forward for NC Meeting; March 1960.
    1960
    Box: 1 Folder : 34 Allen: Initial Report on Basic Program (for the Initiating Committee on Program to the NEC); May 9, 1938
    1938
    Box: 1 Folder : 35 Allen: Programmatic Typescripts and Notes, Misc.
    1954 , 1960-1969
    Box: 1 Folder : 36 Allen: Recovery from the Struggle Against Revisionism (Drafts and Reply to Foster)
    1960
    Box: 1 Folder : 37 Allen: Ultra-Right Danger - Notes
    1961-1962
    Box: 1 Folder : 38 The American Road to Socialism: Program Questions (For Publication in September 1958 Issue of Political Affairs)
    undated
    Box: 1 Folder : 39 The American Way to Jobs, Democracy: Draft Program of the Communist Party; Mar-1954
    1954
    Box: 1 Folder : 40 The American Way to Jobs, Peace, Equal Rights, and Democracy: Program of the Communist Party; Sep-1954
    1954
    Box: 1 Folder : 41 Communist Party Program Committee Records
    1958-1959
    Box: 1 Folder : 42 Comments from Party Members
    undated
    Box: 2 Folder : 1 Communist Party Program Committee - Anti-Monopoly Subcommittee
    1958
    Box: 2 Folder : 2 Communist Party Working Commission Draft Program, Gus Hall cover letter c. Oct 1965
    ca.1965
    Box: 2 Folder : 3 Draft: "Declaration of Principles" and "Guiding Elements"
    undated
    Box: 2 Folder : 4 Foreign Communist Party Programs
    1957-1958
    Box: 2 Folder : 5 Foster, William Z: "Notes on the Communist Party Electoral Policy" (unpublished), Allen's Editorial Notes Thereon; Nov-1958
    1958
    Box: 2 Folder : 6 Marxism and the World Today Discussion Guide (Issued by Lecture and Information Bureau)
    undated
    Box: 2 Folder : 7 New Program of the Communist Party U.S.A.: Adopted by the 19th National Convention (1969)
    1970
    Box: 2 Folder : 8 New Program of the Communist Party U.S.A. (Untitled 'First' Draft)
    ca.1965-1966
    Box: 2 Folder : 9 New Program of the Communist Party U.S.A. (Second Draft); Mar-1968
    1968
    Box: 2 Folder : 10 The Southern People's Program for Democracy, Prosperity, and Peace (CPUSA Southern Regional Committee); Mar-1953
    1953
    Box: 2 Folder : 11 Soviet Union Communist Party 22nd Congress - Published Documents and Commentary
    1961

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    Series III: FOIA Files

    Scope and Content Note

    The FOIA series contains some 1500 pages of FBI files (received in the 1980s) which document Allen's activities in the 1950s.

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 2 Folder : 12 Auerbach, FOIA Correspondence and Reports
    1984-1985
    Box: 2 Folder : 13 Auerbach, FOIA File # 100-3-104-34 Sections 7 and 8
    undated
    Box: 2 Folder : 14 Auerbach, FOIA File # 100-28831 Section #7
    undated
    Box: 2 Folder : 15 Auerbach, FOIA File # 100-28831 Section #8
    undated
    Box: 2 Folder : 16 Auerbach, FOIA File # 100-28831 Section #9
    undated
    Box: 2 Folder : 17 Auerbach, FOIA File # 100-28831 Section #10
    undated
    Box: 3 Folder : 1 Auerbach, FOIA File # 100-28831 Section #11
    undated
    Box: 3 Folder : 2 Auerbach, FOIA File # 100-28831 Section #12
    undated
    Box: 3 Folder : 3 Auerbach, FOIA Supplemental release of Documents
    undated

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    Series IV: Philippines

    Scope and Content Note

    The Philippines series contains Allen's lengthy 1939 report on his work there; accompanying notes and documents; his correspondence regarding arrangements for his trip and subsequent correspondence, much of it regarding the writing and publication of Allen's The Radical Left on the Eve of War (1985); some correspondence with William J. Pomeroy, a Communist and author of several books about the Philippines; photographs from Allen's time in the Philippines, intended for use in his memoir; an untitled thesis by Antonio S. Araneta, Jr. (c1965) on the history of Communism in the Philippines; and an untitled anonymous book-length typescript on the same subject (possibly by Allen). A file of correspondence, working drafts, articles, and other materials created or collected by Isabelle Auerbach on the subject of the Philippines is also included.

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 3 Folder : 4 Araneta, Antonio S., Jr. Untitled Thesis on Communism in the Philippines, 163 pp.
    undated
    Box: 9 Auerbach, Isabelle re: Philippines
    1951-1972
    Box: 3 Folder : 4A Communism in the Commonwealth: A Political Memoir (Allen)
    1983
    Box: 3 Folder : 5 Correspondence
    1936-1940 , 1958
    Box: 3 Folder : 5A Correspondence re The Radical Left on the Eve of War (Renato Constantino, William Henry Scott)
    1983-1985
    Box: 3 Folder : 6 Correspondence - Pomeroy, William
    1979
    Box: 3 Folder : 7 Philippines, Report on (by Allen) - 45 pp + documents; 13-Feb 1939
    1939
    Box: 3 Folder : 8 Philippines: Notes and Documents
    undated
    Box: 9 Philippines: Photographs
    circa 1930-1939
    Box: 3 Folder : 9 Untitled, Anonymous Book-Length Typescript on Communism in the Philippines
    undated

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    Series V: Subject Files

    Scope and Content Note

    The Subject files contain notes, journals and other materials from Allen's trips to the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (1960-61), and various documents, ephemera, research materials and notes, mostly on post-WWII economic and political topics, although there is some material from Allen's time in the South. The file on the Cuban Revolution contains a lengthy report by Allen dated November, 1957. A notable file, Agrarian Commission (CPUSA), contains letters (including several from sharecroppers), minutes (attendees included Puro, Haywood, Ware), position statements, reports, and other internal documents describing local farm organizing conditions in the South and the Midwest in the early 1930s.

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 3 Folder : 9A Agrarian Commission, CPUSA (see also: box 3, folder 29A)
    1931-1933
    Box: 3 Folder : 10 Anti-Monopoly Program
    1956-1959
    Box: 3 Folder : 11 Automation
    1958-1960
    Box: 3 Folder : 12 China
    1960
    Box: 3 Folder : 13 China: An Analytical Study of the Financial Basis of the Chinese Kuomintang Clique
    ca.1948
    Box: 3 Folder : 14 China, Communism in
    1946-1950
    Box: 3 Folder : 15 Class Composition
    1959-1960
    Box: 3 Folder : 16 Communist Party USA: Convention, 20th - Draft Theses, Reports, etc.
    1971-1972
    Box: 3 Folder : 17 Communist Party USA: Convention, 21st - Draft Main Political Resolution, Feb. 1, 1975.
    1975
    Box: 3 Folder : 18 Communist Party USA: Crisis
    1954-1958
    Box: 3 Folder : 19 Communist Party USA: Documents
    1960
    Box: 3 Folder : 20 Communist Party USA: Economic Conference
    ca.1949
    Box: 3 Folder : 21 Communist Party USA: Education Department (Includes Discussion of Mainstream)
    1960-1961
    Box: 3 Folder : 22 Cuba
    1961
    Box: 3 Folder : 23 Cuban Revolution
    1957-1961
    Box: 3 Folder : 24 Eastern Europe: Nationalization - Post WW II
    1945-1948
    Box: 3 Folder : 25 Economic Crisis: Post WWII
    ca.1947
    Box: 3 Folder : 26 Elections of 1956: Economic Program, etc.
    1955-1956
    Box: 3 Folder : 27 Euro-Communism
    ca.1975-1976
    Box: 3 Folder : 28 Europe, Trip
    1964
    Box: 3 Folder : 29 Farm Crisis
    1960
    Box: 3 Folder : 29A Farm Trip Midwest (see also: box 3, folder 9A)
    1932
    Box: 3 Folder : 30 50th Anniversary (Russian Revolution)
    1967
    Box: 3 Folder : 31 Gates Revisionism
    1956-1960
    Box: 3 Folder : 32 Imperialism - Colonialism
    1948 , 1957-1959
    Box: 3 Folder : 33 Japan
    1970 , undated
    Box: 9 Japan: Photographs
    March 1970
    Box: 3 Folder : 34 Latin America
    undated
    Box: 3 Folder : 35 Marx, Karl - "Accumulation of Capital and Crisis" (Issued by the National Education Department, CPUSA)
    undated
    Box: 3 Folder : 36 Marx - Engels, Collected Works
    undated
    Box: 4 Folder : 1 Marx - Engels, Collected Works: Condition of the Working Class in England
    undated
    Box: 4 Folder : 1A Middle Strata
    ca.1956-1957
    Box: 4 Folder : 2 Moscow, Trip
    1974
    Box: 4 Folder : 3 Pacific Relations, Institute of
    1952 , 1959
    Box: 4 Folder : 4 Peaceful Coexistence, Transition, etc.
    1958-1959
    Box: 4 Folder : 5 Poland Land Program
    undated
    Box: 4 Folder : 6 Romania, Summer Trip (Includes Journal)
    1971-1972
    Box: 4 Folder : 7 Scottsboro, Decatur Trial
    1933
    Box: 4 Folder : 8 Socialism and Communism: Marx, Lenin, and Stalin on Theory
    undated
    Box: 4 Folder : 9 Socialist Groups, Parties, and Trends
    1956-1958
    Box: 9 Spanish Civil War/Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
    1937-1939, circa 1974
    Box: 4 Folder : 10 Stages - Anti-Monopoly and Socialism (Notes)
    ca.1957-1959
    Box: 4 Folder : 10A Southern Worker: Clippings
    1930-1931
    Box: 4 Folder : 11 Technology and Social Change
    undated
    Box: 4 Folder : 12 Temporary National Economic Committee (TNEC)
    1940-1941
    Box: 4 Folder : 13 Twelve Party Declaration
    1957-1959
    Box: 4 Folder : 14 Unemployment, Summary Discussion of (CP National Economic Committee Meeting); 9-10 Mar 1961.
    1961
    Box: 4 Folder : 15 US Economy - General Movement
    1955-1959
    Box: 4 Folder : 16 US Foreign Investment (Post WWII)
    ca.1958
    Box: 4 Folder : 17 USSR, GDR, and Czechoslovakia Trip Journals
    1960-1961
    Box: 4 Folder : 18 USSR, Trip Journals
    1960-1961
    Box: 4 Folder : 19 USSR, Trip to
    1960-1961 , 1974
    Box: 4 Folder : 20 USSR, Trip to - Notes, Sketches, and Letters Home
    1927

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    Series VI: Writings

    Scope and Content Note

    The Writings series contains manuscripts and typescripts of unpublished, and some published works, in some cases along with relevant correspondence, notes and research materials, and is organized into four subseries.

    Subseries A: Negro Question in the United States

    Scope and Content Note

    Subseries A: The Negro Question in the U.S. contains book reviews, post-WWII Black Belt statistical data and calculations, a partial typescript for a proposed revised edition, several unpublished essays from the 1950s, CP Negro Commission meeting notes and reports by Allen, James Jackson, and Doxey Wilkerson, and the proceedings of a 1956 Conference on The South, organized by the Jefferson School.

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 4 Folder : 21 Black Belt Calculations
    1950
    Box: 4 Folder : 22 Black Belt Statistics
    1950 , 1970
    Box: 4 Folder : 23 Census Material
    1948 , 1970-1972
    Box: 4 Folder : 24 Correspondence re: Negro Question in the United States
    1949 , 1971
    Box: 4 Folder : 25 Communist Party National Committee and Negro Commission: Discussion on Negro Question (Includes Notes and Reports by Allen, James Jackson, and Doxey Wilkerson)
    1956-1958
    Box: 4 Folder : 26 Jackson, James E: Black Belt, Negro Question - Communist Party Internal Reports
    1951-1956 , undated
    Box: 4 Folder : 27 Negro Question, Essays on the
    1956-1959
    Box: 4 Folder : 28 Negro Question in the US: Partial Typescript for a Proposed Post-WWII (Revised) Edition
    ca.1946
    Box: 4 Folder : 29 Negro Question in the US: Preface to Revised Edition
    ca.1947
    Box: 4 Folder : 30 New Material for Negro Question in the US
    1949 , undated
    Box: 4 Folder : 31 Reviews of the Negro Question in the US
    1936-1937
    Box: 4 Folder : 32 The South, Conference on (Jefferson School of Social Science; 30-Jun 1956
    1956
    Box: 4 Folder : 33 Theoretical Aspects of the Negro Question in the US; Feb-1959
    1959

    Subseries B: Organizing in the Depression South

    Scope and Content Note

    Subseries B: Organizing in the Depression South contains a partial typescript of this work.

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 5 Folder : 1 Contents
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 2 II: We Go South
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 3 III: Founding the Southern Worker
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 4 IV: The Beginning of Communist Organization
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 5 V: Tallapoosa
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 6 VI: Scottsboro
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 7 VII: The Decatur Trial
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 8 VIII: Epilogue (re: Scottsboro)
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 9 Appendix I: Foster, William Z. "The Worker's (Communist) Party in the South"
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 10 Appendix II: Documents
    undated

    Subseries C: Visions and Revisions

    Scope and Content Note

    Subseries C: "Visions and Revisions," contains chapters on Allen's early years, travels to the Philippines and the Soviet Union, and his publishing career from his unpublished autobiographical typescript. The partial typescript in Subseries B was originally written as part of "Visions and Revisions."

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 5 Folder : 11 Visions and Revisions Book One: Table of Contents
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 12 I: The Young Years
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 13 II: Generations
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 14 III: The Soviet Union, 1927
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 15 IV: New York and Cleveland
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 16 IX: Black Self-Determination
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 17 X: Dialectics of Liberation ("Black Liberation")
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 18 XI: The Philippines {See also: Series IV: Philippines}
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 19 XII: The Philippines Revisited
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 20 XVIII: Marxist Publisher
    undated

    Subseries D: Other

    Scope and Content Note

    Subseries D: Other Writings contains numerous brief, mostly unpublished typescripts from the late 1920s through the early 1980s. Many deal with the debates over Party policy and theory in the 1945-1960 era (critiques of Earl Browder and John Gates); others cover various topics including current events, political economy, the Soviet Union, and the developing countries, including an interview with the former leader of the Cuban Communist Party, Blas Roca (1978). There are also book contracts and reviews, memorial portraits of prominent communists, and publishing correspondence for American Communism and Black Americans (1987),  Atomic Imperialism (1952),  Reconstruction (1937), and  The Radical Left on the Eve of War (1985). There is also correspondence pertaining to Allen's publications written after Allen's death by his sons and his collaborators, particularly Robin G. D. Kelley, who worked on Allen's manuscript, "Communism in the Deep South," later published as   Organizing in the Depression South: A Communist's Memoir (2001).

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 5 Folder : 21 American Communism and Black Americans: Correspondence
    1983-1985
    Box: 5 Folder : 22 American Foreign Investment
    1949 , 1958
    Box: 5 Folder : 23 American History, Essays on
    ca.1937 , 1954
    Box: 5 Folder : 24 Atomic Energy and Society (Letter signed by Albert Einstein)
    1949-1950
    Box: 5 Folder : 25 Atomic Imperialism: Correspondence and Reviews
    1950-1952 , 1954
    Box: 5 Folder : 26 Atomic Imperialism: Raw Materials
    1938 , 1948-1950
    Box: 5 Folder : 27 Book Contracts
    1946-1962
    Box: 5 Folder : 28 Book Project
    1958-1960
    Box: 5 Folder : 29 Book Reviews by Allen
    undated
    Box: 5 Folder : 30 Browder's Utopian World (Submitted to Political Affairs - Rejected)
    1948
    Box: 5 Folder : 31 Changing Position of American Capitalism in the World Economy During WWII; Main Characteristics of the Economy of WWII (Unpublished Transcripts and Correspondence)
    1948-1949
    Box: 5 Folder : 32 Communist Party USA - Reviews (typescript) of Various Books
    undated
    Box: 9 Correspondence re: Publications
    1984-1994
    Box: 5 Folder : 33 The Crisis of Foreign Policy (Report on Behalf of CPUSA Foreign Affairs Committee); 24-Oct 1957
    1957
    Box: 5 Folder : 34 Cuba: Interview with Blas Roca; 4 - 13 Apr 1978
    1978
    Box: 5 Folder : 35 Detente
    1973
    Box: 5 Folder : 36 Did the CEC Prepare the Party for May Day
    ca.1929
    Box: 5 Folder : 37 Early Unpublished Writing
    1928-1935
    Box: 5 Folder : 38 Economic Cycles
    1948-1956
    Box: 5 Folder : 39 Eisenhower Monopoly Government
    1952-1953
    Box: 5 Folder : 40 The Eisenhower Monopoly Government (Rejected by Political Affairs)
    1953
    Box: 5 Folder : 41 Elections - Truman Government
    1948-1952
    Box: 5 Folder : 42 Electoral Strategy
    1958
    Box: 5 Folder : 43 Foreign Affairs: Notes and Typescripts
    1945-1948
    Box: 6 Folder : 1 Foreign Policy
    1949-1960
    Box: 6 Folder : 2 Hungary, Communist Party in
    1956-1957
    Box: 6 Folder : 3 India
    1942 , undated
    Box: 9 Kelley, Robin D. G.: Manuscript and Published Article
    circa 1988-1990
    Box: 6 Folder : 4 Kennedy and the Berlin Crisis (Nuclear Testing)
    ca.1961
    Box: 9 "The Charles H. Kerr Company Archives, 1885-1985: A Century of Socialist and Labor Publishing," ed. Franklin Rosemont
    circa 1985
    Box: 6 Folder : 5 Lenin - National Question
    undated
    Box: 6 Folder : 6 The Making of a Communist Intellectual: Notes for a Chapter
    undated
    Box: 6 Folder : 7 Marx - National Question
    undated
    Box: 6 Folder : 8 Memoirs
    1973-1980
    Box: 6 Folder : 9 Mexico, Crisis in
    ca.1940-1942
    Box: 6 Folder : 10 Miscellaneous: Unpublished Brief Typescripts 1940s - 1950s
    1940-1960
    Box: 6 Folder : 11 Miscellaneous: Unpublished Brief Typescripts (By Title) 1960s - 1980s
    1960-1990
    Box: 6 Folder : 12 Monopoly Capital in the United States (A Preliminary Prospectus for a New Book)
    undated
    Box: 6 Folder : 13 Monopoly, Notes for
    1941-1946 , 1953
    Box: 6 Folder : 14 National Farm Conference
    1940
    Box: 6 Folder : 15 Nazi - Soviet Pact
    1939 , 1984
    Box: 6 Folder : 16 The Need for a Critical "New Look" (Discussion Article); Note to Dennis and Foster re: Its Rejection for Publication in the Daily Worker, by John Gates; Mar - Apr 1956
    1956
    Box: 6 Folder : 17 "The Negro Question: A Discussion" - Article, Political Affairs; Nov-1946
    1946-11
    Box: 6 Folder : 18 Neo - Colonialism
    1970-1971
    Box: 6 Folder : 19 Notes for Later Autobiography: Materials for XIII
    undated
    Box: 6 Folder : 20 Party Crisis: Notes and Comments JSA
    1956
    Box: 6 Folder : 21 Party in Different Socialist Societies
    1971
    Box: 6 Folder : 22 Party Report for Chapter XIII
    1939-1977
    Box: 6 Folder : 23 Portraits (Brief): Gerhard Eisler, Brit Burt, and Ruth Shaw
    undated
    Box: 6 Folder : 24 Political Economy - Various Notes and Reviews
    1977 , 1983-1984
    Box: 6 Folder : 25 Problem of "Independent" Communist Parties
    1985
    Box: 6 Folder : 26 Reconstruction: Correspondence
    1937-1938 , 1948
    Box: 6 Folder : 27 Reconstruction: Notes
    1955
    Box: 6 Folder : 28 Reconstruction: The Battle for Democracy (Reviews)
    1937-1938
    Box: 6 Folder : 29 Revisionism
    1957-1960
    Box: 6 Folder : 30 Rochester, Anna
    1966
    Box: 6 Folder : 31 Role of Tradition in History
    undated
    Box: 6 Folder : 32 South, Notes
    1984
    Box: 6 Folder : 33 Soviet - Chinese Relations
    1984-1985
    Box: 6 Folder : 34 Soviet Society in History, the Place of
    1964
    Box: 6 Folder : 35 State Monopoly Capitalism
    ca.1959-1960
    Box: 6 Folder : 36 Taxi, Mister and Other Writing
    1927
    Box: 6 Folder : 37 Teheran: Various Views of the Browder Episode
    undated
    Box: 7 Folder : 1 Trade Associations
    undated
    Box: 7 Folder : 2 Unpublished Writings
    1939-1941
    Box: 7 Folder : 3 Unpublished Writings (War)
    1939-1945
    Box: 7 Folder : 4 Unpublished Writings
    1945-1947
    Box: 7 Folder : 5 USSR Attitude to: Reflections
    1976-1977
    Box: 7 Folder : 6 Welfare State: (Bittelman, Alexander)
    1957-1960
    Box: 7 Folder : 7 World Monopoly and Peace Controversy
    1946-1948

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    Series VII: Scrapbooks and Charts

    Scope and Content Note

    The last series consists of photocopies of six thick scrapbooks, and three sets of oversized charts. The first four scrapbooks contain Allen's articles in the Communist press, almost all from the Daily Worker and The Communist/Political Affairs (1928-1967), the fifth contains reviews of his books (1936-1962), and the last commemorates his 60th birthday. The charts contain Black Belt county population data, 1860-1950, and were compiled by Allen from U.S. Census figures.

    Subseries A: Scrapbooks

    Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
    Box: 7 Folder : 8 Scrapbook 1: Articles by Allen - Newspaper & Periodicals
    1928-1939
    Box: 7 Folder : 9 Scrapbook 2: Articles by Allen - Newspaper 1941-Mar 1944
    1941-1944
    Box: 7 Folder : 10 Scrapbook 3:Articles by Allen - Newspaper; Oct. 1944-1947
    1944-1947
    Box: 7 Folder : 11 Scrapbook 4: Articles by Allen - Periodicals
    1940-1967
    Box: 7 Folder : 12 Scrapbook 5: Reviews of Allen's Books
    1936-1962
    Box: 7 Folder : 13 Scrapbook 6: Sixtieth Birthday
    1966

    Subseries A: Charts

    Container 1 Container 2 Container 3 Title Date
    Flat-file: 1 Drawer : 5 Folder : 1 Black Belt County Population Data - Set 1
    1860 , 1910-1930
    Flat-file: 1 Drawer : 5 Folder : 2 Black Belt County Population Data - Set 2
    1870-1900
    Flat-file: 1 Drawer : 5 Folder : 1 Black Belt County Population Data - Set 3
    1940-1950

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