Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives logo

Guide to the Annette T. Rubinstein Papers TAM 167

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Robert Battaly, December 2001; Edited by Nicole Greenhouse for compliance with DACS and Tamiment Required Elements for Archival Description and to reflect the incorporation of nonprint materials and the addendum, 2013.

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on April 25, 2018
Description is in English. using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Title: Annette T. Rubinstein Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1937-2007
Dates [bulk]: 1946-1975
Abstract: Annette T. (Teta) Rubinstein was a Marxist educator, editor, writer, literary critic, and political activist born in New York in 1910. Among her numerous endeavors, she briefly taught philosophy at New York University, was Vice-Chairman for New York in the American Labor Party, was a teacher, owner and principal of the Robert Lewis Stevenson School, served as the Executive Secretary of the Committee for the Care of Young Children in Wartime, and was professor of English and American Literature at the Beijing Foreign Studies University. The collection includes biographical materials, correspondence and documentation of her educational and political activities.
Quantity: 6 Linear Feet in six record cartons.
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: TAM 167

Return to Top »


Historical/Biographical Note

Annette T. (Teta) Rubinstein (1910-2007), Marxist educator, editor, writer, literary critic and political activist, was born to socialist parents in New York on April 12, 1910 in an apartment on the top floor of the Manhattan School, a private school founded by her father to educate underprivileged immigrants. She taught philosophy at New York University while she completed her graduate studies in philosophy at Columbia with her 1934 dissertation, Realistic Ethics.

Although often critical of the its positions, Rubinstein was a member of the Communist Party from the 1930s into the 1950s. She was active in the American Labor Party and later became its Vice-Chairman for New York. In 1934 she began a long relationship with the Robert Louis Stevenson School, first as a teacher and later as owner and principal until her forced resignation in 1952. From 1941-1946 Rubinstein served as the Executive Secretary of the Committee for the Care of Young Children in Wartime. In the late 1940s she also served as the President of the West Side Child Care Council.

In the Spring of 1949, following the sudden death of the congressman for New York's 20th Congressional District, the ALP selected Rubinstein as its candidate in the subsequent special election. Also in 1949, the Robert Louis Stevenson School opened a Veterans Division to take advantage of the educational provisions of the GI Bill of Rights. The Veteran's Administration and New York Board of Education apparently responded to her political affiliations by invoking a series of technicalities to stop reimbursing the school. In 1952 Rubinstein severed her connection to Stevenson School and testified before the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives' Un-American Activities Committee.

Following her unsuccessful pursuit of publishing employment Rubinstein focused on writing. The Great Tradition in English Literature: From Shakespeare to Shaw(1953) concentrated on the relationship of political and social movements to major literary works. To commemorate the late Congressman Vito Marcantonio, for whom Rubinstein had served as an aide, she edited  I Vote My Conscience: Debates, Speeches and Writings of Vito Marcantonio, 1935-1950(1956). Rubinstein also generated a continuous stream of book reviews, literary criticism and articles, and worked as an editor on the Marxist periodicals  Mainstreamand  Science and Society.

In 1958 Rubinstein ran for Lt. Governor of New York on the the Independent Socialist Party line (a coalition of socialists, Communists and Trotskyists). In 1960 ATR was instrumental in the creation of the Charter Group for a Pledge of Conscience which focused on the issues of class discrimination and racism in the schools and in the courts and published several ATR pamphlets, including Attica 1971-1975(1975),  The Black Panther Party and the Case of the New York 21(n.d.), and  Suicides in Prision: A Cry for Help on Rikers Island(n.d.). She also edited  Schools against Children: The Case for Community Control(Monthly Review Press, 1970).

In the late 1950s and 1960's Rubinstein lectured across the United States, Canada and Eastern Europe, and held visiting appointments at several Eastern European universities, including Karl Marx University in Leipzig. She visited the People's Republic of China in 1972, and returned in 1982-83 and 1987-88 as a professor of English and American Literature at the Beijing Foreign Studies University. While in China she created the textbook American Literature, Root and Flower: Significant Poets, Novelists and Dramatists, 1775-1955(Beijing, Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, 1988).

Return to Top »


Scope and Content Note

This collections contains the papers of Annette Rubinstein, the bulk of which are from 1937-2007. The majority of the collection is made up of correspondence, from domestic and foreign correspondents, and her writings on Marxism and literary subjects. Other materials in the collection relate to her lecture tours and political activities in the 1940s and 1950s. The collection contains correspondence, Freedom of Information Act Files, newsletters, flyers, lecture notes, articles, and other ephemera. The collection is rich in activities related to Marxist scholarship, and Communist Political activities from the 1950s-1990s.

Arrangement

Organized into eight series:

Series I: Biographical
Series II: Correspondence
Series III: Freedom of Information Act Files
Series IV: Lecture Tours
Series V: Political Activities
Series VI: Writings
Series VII: Addendum
Series VIII: Photographs

All series are arranged alphabetically.

Return to Top »


Access Points

Subject Names

  • Humboldt, Charles.
  • Magdoff, Harry.
  • Lawson, John Howard, 1894-1977.
  • Rubinstein, Annette Teta, 1910-2007.
  • Rubinstein, Jean.
  • Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014
  • Sobell, Helen
  • Sobell, Morton
  • Wilkerson, Yolanda.
  • Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963
  • Wilkerson, Doxey Alphonso, 1905-1993.
  • Aronson, James
  • Ward, Henry Frederick, 1873-1966.
  • Uphaus, Willard E. (Willard Edwin), 1890-1983.
  • Belfrage, Cedric, 1904-1990.

Document Type

  • Printed ephemera.
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Autobiographies.
  • Lectures.
  • Government records
  • Drafts (documents)
  • Articles.
  • Correspondence.

Subject Organizations

  • Brecht Forum (New York, N.Y.)

Subject Topics

  • Communism -- United States.
  • Communists -- United States.

Return to Top »


Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (and related rights to publicity and privacy) to materials in this collection created by Annette T. Rubinstein was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Annette T. Rubinstein Papers; TAM 167; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Material at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

The Tamiment Library's Oral History of the American Left Collection (Series I) contains three interviews with Annette Rubinstein (OH 002). Cedric Belfrage Papers (TAM 143)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Annette T. Rubinstein, 1994; additonal materials were donated in 2001, 2002, and 2007. The accession numbers associated with these gifts are 1994.008, 1994.013, and NPA.2002.058.

Processing Information

The collection was originally processed in 2001. Additional material was donated to the collection in 2001 and was arranged alphabetically into Series VII. About a linear foot of unprocessed material was described in 2013 and added to Series VII. In 2013, the collection was also rehoused for preservation purposes. Photographs were separated from this collection in 2002 and were established as a separate collection, the Annette T. Rubinstein Photographs (PHOTOS 116). In 2013, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the Annette T. Rubinstein Papers as Series VIII.

Return to Top »


Container List

Series I: Biographical

Scope and Content Note

This small series includes an undated autobiographical fragment pertaining to her childhood and early professional and political endeavors, an interview transcript, resumes, and ephemera.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Autobiographical Fragment
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Birthday Celebrations
1984 , 1990
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Interview (ATR interviewed by Rebecca MacLean)
1984
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Resume - Karl Marx University Resume - New York Times
1974
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Resume - New York Times
1959
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Schappes, Morris - 85th Birthday and Jewish CurrentsAnniversary Celebration Program (ATR gave "Stranger than Fiction" address)
undated

Return to Top »


Series II: Correspondence

Scope and Content Note

The correspondence runs from the end of WWII to the early 1990s, and contains letters from domestic and foreign correspondents.

Arrangement

Arranged in two subseries:

Subseries A: Domestic
Subseries B: Foreign

Subseries A: Domestic

Scope and Content Note

This series contains letters from correspondents in the United States. Prominent domestic correspondents include: James Aronson and Cedric Belfrage ( National Guardian), W. E. B. DuBois, Charles Humboldt (  Mainstream), John Howard Lawson, Harry Magdoff, Pete Seeger, Morton and Helen Sobell, Willard Uphaus, Dr. Harry F. Ward, and Doxey and Yolanda Wilkerson.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 7 A (alphabetical)
1949-1973
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Aronson, James
1961-1979 , 1989
Box: 1 Folder : 9 B
1947-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Belfrage, Cedric
1974-1979
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Buhle, Mary Jo and Paul
1975-1992
Box: 1 Folder : 12 C
1950-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Criticism, Requests for (Chronological)
1946-1993
Box: 1 Folder : 14 D
1946-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Doctoral Students, Requests for Information
1963-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 16 DuBois, W. E. B. - Correspondence, General
1951-1960
Box: 1 Folder : 17 DuBois, W. E. B. - Documentary
1964
Box: 1 Folder : 18 DuBois, W. E. B. - Film Project
1993
Box: 1 Folder : 19 E-G
1951-1991
Box: 1 Folder : 20 H-I
1955-1991
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Humboldt, Charles
1952-1973
Box: 1 Folder : 22 J-L
1949-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Lawson, John Howard
1959-1964
Box: 1 Folder : 24 M
1950-1993
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Magdoff, Harry
1961-1990
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Mainstream
1947-1962 , 1994
Box: 1 Folder : 27 N
1951-1980
Box: 1 Folder : 28 New York Marxist School
1990-1992
Box: 1 Folder : 29 O-P
1955-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 30 R
1949-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 31 S
1949-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 32 Sobell Committee (Helen and Morton Sobell)
1970-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 33 T
1958-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 34 Truman, President Harry S. - ATR Letter Concerning HUAC
Jun, 7, 1950
Box: 1 Folder : 35 V
1964-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 36 W
1955-1990
Box: 1 Folder : 37 Wald, Alan
1988-1990
Box: 1 Folder : 38 Ward, Harry F.
1953-1963
Box: 1 Folder : 39 Wilkerson, Doxey and Yolanda
1949-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 40 World Fellowship (Rev. Dryden Phelps and Willard Uphaus)
1952-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 41 Y-Z
1948-1994

Subseries B: Foreign

Scope and Content Note

The foreign correspondence is principally with educators and others in the People's Republic of China, the German Democratic Republic, other socialist countries and Western Europe, and with her mother, Jean Rubinstein.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 42 China Adler, Pat and Sol
1984-1993
Box: 1 Folder : 43 China: American Literature, Root and Flower 1775-1955(Publication of), American Women Writers Tour
1983-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 44 China: C
1973-1990
Box: 1 Folder : 45 China: Crook, David and Isabel
1981-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 46 China: D-K
1982-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 47 China: L
1982-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 48 China: Lii, Hui - U.S. Immigration Affidavit of Support (by ATR)
1990-1991
Box: 1 Folder : 49 China: Marks, Marcia
1981-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 50 China: P-W
1982-1993
Box: 1 Folder : 51 China: X-Z
1982-1994
Box: 1 Folder : 52 Czechoslovakia: A-L
1958-1991
Box: 1 Folder : 53 Czechoslovakia: M-Z
1960-1981
Box: 1 Folder : 54 Europe: Correspondence with Mother, Other Relatives (Chronological)
1965-1966
Box: 1 Folder : 55 Europe: Correspondence with Mother, Other Relatives (Chronological)
1968
Box: 1 Folder : 56 Europe, Eastern (Poland, USSR)
1954-1985
Box: 1 Folder : 57 Europe, Western (England, France, Sweden, etc.)
1958-1990
Box: 1 Folder : 58 German Democratic Republic: A-F
1960-1990
Box: 1 Folder : 59 German Democratic Republic: G-L [1 of 2]
1959-1994
Box: 2 Folder : 1 German Democratic Republic: G-L [2 of 2]
Box: 2 Folder : 2 German Democratic Republic: M-S
1960-1988
Box: 2 Folder : 3 German Democratic Republic: T-Z
1960-1990
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Hungary
1961-1990

Return to Top »


Series III: Freedom of Information Act Files

Scope and Content Note

This series contains six 'books' of FBI files, arranged by book number, and Rubinstein's correspondence with the CIA and FBI.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Central Intelligence Agency : FOIA and Privacy Act Requests for Information
1977
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Federal Bureau of Investigation : FOIA Requests for Information
1976
Box: 2 Folder : 7 FOIA : Book I
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 FOIA : Book IA - Financial Investigation
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 9 FOIA : Book II
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 10 FOIA : Book III
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 11 FOIA : Book IV
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 12 FOIA : Book V
undated

Return to Top »


Series IV: Lecture Tours

Scope and Content Note

This series contains correspondence, flyers, itineraries, lecture notes and other teaching materials and provides a detailed account of her tours and travels.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Canada
1959
Box: 2 Folder : 14 Canada
1960
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Canada
1961
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Canada
1962
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Canada
1968
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Canada
1969
Box: 2 Folder : 19 China : Cartoons
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 20 China : Diary
Dec 1972-Jan 1973
Box: 2 Folder : 21 China : Scrapbook
1982-1988
Box: 2 Folder : 22 China : Teaching Material and Tour Itinerary
1972-1973
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Germany : Itinerary
1975
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Germany : Lectures
1993
Box: 2 Folder : 25 United States : Cross Country Lectures
1937-1955
Box: 2 Folder : 26 United States : Cross Country Lectures
1956-1957
Box: 2 Folder : 27 United States : Cross Country Lectures
1957-1958
Box: 2 Folder : 28 United States : Cross Country Lectures (California - Iowa)
1959
Box: 2 Folder : 29 United States : Cross Country Lectures (Maryland - Wisconsin)
1959
Box: 2 Folder : 30 United States : Cross Country Lectures (California and Colorado)
1960
Box: 3 Folder : 1 United States : Cross Country Lectures (Illinois - New York)
1960
Box: 3 Folder : 2 United States : Cross Country Lectures (Ohio - Wisconsin)
1960
Box: 3 Folder : 3 United States : Cross Country Lectures (Arizona - Colorado)
1961
Box: 3 Folder : 4 United States : Cross Country Lectures (Idaho - Wisconsin)
1961
Box: 3 Folder : 5 United States : Cross Country Lectures - ATR Notes
1961
Box: 3 Folder : 6 United States : Cross Country Lectures (Arizona - Colorado)
1962
Box: 3 Folder : 7 United States : Cross Country Lectures (Illinois - Wisconsin)
1962
Box: 3 Folder : 8 United States : Cross Country Lectures
1964
Box: 3 Folder : 9 United States : Cross Country Lectures
1967
Box: 3 Folder : 10 United States : Cross Country Lectures
1969-1993
Box: 3 Folder : 11 United States : Lecture Notices
1950s
Box: 3 Folder : 12 United States : Lecture Notices
1960s
Box: 3 Folder : 13 United States : Lecture Notices
1970s-1980s
Box: 3 Folder : 14 United States : Local and East Coast Lectures
1941-1965
Box: 3 Folder : 15 United States : Local and East Coast Lectures
1966-1968

Return to Top »


Series V: Political Activities

Scope and Content Note

Contains correspondence and campaign materials regarding her activities with the ALP from 1940-1960, including her 1949 congressional campaign, and correspondence, position papers, and other material pertaining to the her campaign for Lt. Governor of New York on the Independent Socialist Party ticket in 1958. Rubinstein's long standing relationship with the Robert Louis Stevenson School, including her legal and political struggles, is reflected in correspondence and legal documents, ending with her resignation in 1952. Also included are documents and ephemera from the Charter Group for a Pledge of Conscience, several pamphlets Rubinstein wrote or edited for them, and several files of Communist Party ephemera.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 16 American Labor Party
1940-1948
Box: 3 Folder : 17 American Labor Party
1949
Box: 3 Folder : 18 American Labor Party
1951-1960
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Charter Group for a Pledge of Conscience
1965-1987
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Charter Group for a Pledge of Conscience : Community Control of Schools
1965-1979
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Charter Group for a Pledge of Conscience : Pamphlets
1968-1978
Box: 3 Folder : 22 Child Care Council
1948
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Communist Party : Poland
1967-1973
Box: 3 Folder : 24 Communist Party : United States
1959 , 1989
Box: 3 Folder : 25 DuBois, W.E.B. : Rubinstein's Notes for Seminar
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 26 Federal Theatre Project Research Center (at George Mason University)
1979-1994
Box: 3 Folder : 27 Fund for Social Analysis
1961
Box: 3 Folder : 28 Harlem Six
1966-1982
Box: 3 Folder : 29 Robert Louis Stevenson School : New York State Education Department Correspondence
1934-1953
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Robert Louis Stevenson School : Rubinstein Correspondence
1941-1961 , 1993
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Robert Louis Stevenson School : Rubinstein, Annette T. (Acting as Owner) vs. The United States
1960
Box: 3 Folder : 32 Robert Louis Stevenson School : Senate Hearings (re: Communist Ownership of Schools for War Veterans)
1956
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Rubinstein Electoral Campaigns
1949 , 1958
Box: 3 Folder : 34 United Independent Socialist Committee
1940-1960
Box: 3 Folder : 35 United States Senate : Temporary National Economic Committee (Confidential Memorandum from A.A. Berle Jr., with ATR's Notes)
1938

Return to Top »


Series VI: Writings

Scope and Content Note

About half of this series consists of Rubinstein's book reviews (mostly typescripts, published and unpublished) and her literary and non-literary articles, many of which appeared in Mainstreamor Science and Society. For The Great Tradition in English Literaturethere are typescripts, correspondence, publicity materials and reviews. There is correspondence and contracts pertaining to the publication and distribution of I Vote My Conscience. Later writings include memorial articles and a memoir about her mother, Jean Rubinstein.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 36 Articles : Literary (mostly typescripts, published and unpublished) [1 of 2]
1960-1977
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Articles : Literary (mostly typescripts, published and unpublished) [2 of 2]
1960-1977
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Articles : Non-Literary
1958-1992
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Book Reviews A-C (mostly typescripts, published and unpublished, arranged alphabetically by author)
1957-1989
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Book Reviews D-H
1958-1991
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Book Reviews J-L
1962-1992
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Book Reviews M-O
1958-1992
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Book Reviews P-R
1956-1992
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Book Reviews S-U
1957-1989
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Book Reviews V-Z
1960-1994
Box: 4 Folder : 10 Book Reviews in Newspapers (clippings)
1946-1991
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Contracts
1954-1955
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Goldway, David : Memorial Article
1990
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Great Tradition in English Literature: Correspondence
1951-1954
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Great Tradition in English Literature: Correspondence
1955-1980
Box: 4 Folder : 15 Great Tradition in English Literature: Publicity
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 16 Great Tradition in English Literature: Typescripts
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Humboldt, Charles - Memorial Article
1965
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Marcantonio, Vito : Memorial ( I Vote My Conscience)
1955-1966
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Rhodes, Irwin (1911-1990; ATR's brother) : Memorial Article
1990
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Rubinstein, Jean (1885-1973; ATR's mother) : Memoir
undated

Return to Top »


Series VII: Addendum, 1909-2007

Arrangement

The first accrual of the series has been arranged alphabetically. Later accessions have not been arranged by an archivist. The unarranged materials can be found in box 4 and 6.

Scope and Content Note

This series contains materials donated after the initial processing of the collection in 2001. This series mostly contains correspondence, including a significant amount of greeting cards from her family members, friends, and students. The series also contains an unpublished typescript, Annette T. Rubinstein: Author, Educator, Activist(2002), by Gerald Meyer, her passport, and loose materials, mostly related to her work in the Brecht Forum and the publication Science and Society.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Annette T. Rubinstein: Author, Educator, Activist(Typescript by Gerald Meyer, 33 pp.)
2002
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Biographical Material and Correspondence With Biographer Tina Baker
1942-2000
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Correspondence: Brecht Forum / New York Marxist School
1986-2001
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Correspondence: China
1987-1995
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Correspondence: China
1996-2001
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Correspondence: Europe ("personal letters")
1955-2000
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Correspondence: Family
1909-2002
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Correspondence: General
1950-1994
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Correspondence: General
1995-2001
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Correspondence General II
1968, 1992-2001
Box: 5 Folder : 15 Correspondence: Literary and Political
1942-1989
Box: 5 Folder : 16 Correspondence: Literary and Political
1991-2001
Box: 5 Folder : 17 Correspondence: Publishers
1945-1990
Box: 5 Folder : 18 Correspondence: Researchers
1946-2001
Box: 5 Folder : 19 Publicity: Classes, Lectures, Political Activity, Testimonials, etc.
1954-2001
Box: 5 Folder : 20 Science and Society
1986-2000

Return to Top »


Box
6
 

Series VIII: Photographs, 1905-2001

Scope and Content Note

This series contains a combination of black-and-white and color photographs, depicting images of Rubinstein from her laters years, at various events, family activities, and during trips to China. The photographs include detailed captions by Rubinstein. The series also includes two cards, a holiday card from Paul Robeson and an invitation to an event honoring Robeson.

Return to Top »