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Guide to the Harold Cruse Papers TAM 187

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Collection processed by Collection processed by Elliot Silver and Peter Meyer Filardo, 2003. Edited to include partial description of Addenda, 2011. Edited to reflect incorporation of material found in repository, May 2014.

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on August 29, 2018
Finding aid is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Historical/Biographical Note

Harold Cruse, an African American author and professor is best known for his Crisis of the Negro Intellectual (1967), a Marxist-nationalist critique of the Communist movement's influence and a call for an autonomous and revolutionary Black culture. Cruse was born in 1916 in Petersburg, Virginia. As a young child he moved to New York City with his father, where graduated from high school, held a variety of jobs prior to World War II, and then he served in the army in Italy. Following his discharge, he briefly attended City College. Cruse took classes at the Communist Party's George Washington Carver school in Harlem, joined the Party in 1947 (remaining a member for some seven years), and contributed drama and literature reviews to its newspaper, the  Daily Worker. Cruse wrote four plays during the 1950s, but none were produced, and thereafter he concentrated on nonfiction. In the late 1960s, Cruse joined the faculty of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and helped found their Center for Afro-American and African Studies. Cruse's other books are:  Rebellion or Revolution? (1968), a set of essays on Black nationalism,  Plural but Equal (1987), a critique of the effects of integration, and  The Essential Harold Cruse: A Reader (2002).