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Guide to the Harold Cruse Papers TAM 187

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Collection processed by Collection processed by Elliot Silver and Peter Meyer Filardo, 2003. Edited to include partial description of Addenda, 2011. Edited to reflect incorporation of material found in repository, May 2014.

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on August 29, 2018
Finding aid is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Title: Harold Cruse Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1943-1994
Dates [bulk]: 1970-1985
Abstract: Harold Cruse was born in 1916 in Petersburg, VA and is an African American author and professor best known for his Crisis of the Negro Intellectual (1967), a Marxist-nationalist critique of the Communist movement and an endorsement of an autonomous and revolutionary Black culture. He joined the Communist Party in 1947 (remaining a member for some seven years) and contributed to its newspaper, the  Daily Worker. In the late 1960s, Cruse joined the faculty of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and helped found their Center for Afro-American and African Studies. The collection includes articles (published and unpublished), correspondence from, among others, John Conyers, Langston Hughes, Manning Marable, and Wole Soyinka; also included is ephemera, lecture notes, and correspondence relating to the Eldridge Cleaver Legal Defense Fund, and Robert Williams.
Quantity: 10.25 Linear Feet in 12 boxes
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: TAM 187

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Historical/Biographical Note

Harold Cruse, an African American author and professor is best known for his Crisis of the Negro Intellectual (1967), a Marxist-nationalist critique of the Communist movement's influence and a call for an autonomous and revolutionary Black culture. Cruse was born in 1916 in Petersburg, Virginia. As a young child he moved to New York City with his father, where graduated from high school, held a variety of jobs prior to World War II, and then he served in the army in Italy. Following his discharge, he briefly attended City College. Cruse took classes at the Communist Party's George Washington Carver school in Harlem, joined the Party in 1947 (remaining a member for some seven years), and contributed drama and literature reviews to its newspaper, the  Daily Worker. Cruse wrote four plays during the 1950s, but none were produced, and thereafter he concentrated on nonfiction. In the late 1960s, Cruse joined the faculty of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and helped found their Center for Afro-American and African Studies. Cruse's other books are:  Rebellion or Revolution? (1968), a set of essays on Black nationalism,  Plural but Equal (1987), a critique of the effects of integration, and  The Essential Harold Cruse: A Reader (2002).

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Scope and Content Note

Notable correspondents in series one include: John Conyers, Cheikh Anta Diop, Jay Gorney, Langston Hughes, Manning Marable, Adolph Reed Jr., and Wole Soyinka. There is also one file of World War II-era letters to Cruse, and several thick files of academic correspondence. Series two contains ephemera, lecture notes, and some correspondence relating to Cruse's activity as a public intellectual, including files on the Eldridge Cleaver Legal Defense Fund, and on Robert Williams. Series three contains numerous article-length unpublished and published writings, book and theater reviews, and an almost complete typescript of the Crisis of the Negro Intellectual.

NOTE: As of March 2011, box 1 is undergoing preservation work, and is thus not available to researchers.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into four series: I, Correspondence; II, Topical Files, II, Writings; IV, Addendum (unprocessed).

Folders are generally arranged alphabetically within each series, though some correspondence is arranged chronologically.

Missing Title

  1. I. Correspondence
  2. II. Topical Files
  3. III. Writings
  4. IV. Addendum (unprocessed)

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Reed, Adolph L., 1947-
  • Soyinka, Wole.
  • Diop, Cheikh Anta
  • Conyers, John, 1929-
  • Marable, Manning, 1950-2011
  • Gorney, Jay, 1896-1990
  • Kukic, Ivana

Document Type

  • Reviews (document genre)
  • Printed ephemera.
  • Correspondence.
  • Lecture notes.
  • Manuscripts for publication.

Subject Topics

  • Communists -- United States.
  • African Americans -- Civil rights.
  • African American communists.
  • Marxist criticism.
  • African American journalists.
  • African American authors.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (and related rights to publicity and privacy) to materials in this collection, created by Harold Cruse, was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Harold Cruse Papers; TAM 187; box number; folder number;

Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Elmer Holmes Bobst Library

70 Washington Square South

New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Harold Cruse initially donated his papers to the Virginia Commonwealth University Special Collections and Archives in 1994. In 1995 the deed agreement between the two parties was mutually voided and the materials were returned to Dr. Cruse, who then donated them to Tamiment Library in 1996. The accession number associated with this gift is 1996.002. Additional materials were sent by Ivana Kukic in 2011. The accession number associated with these materials is 2011.104. Additional correspondence was found in the repository and added to the collection in 2014. The accession number associated with this material is 2014.045.

Processing Information

Correspondence found in the repository in 2014 was added to Box 2, Folder 7.

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Container List

Series I. Correspondence

Subseries A: Alphabetical

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Academic
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Academic
1969-1970
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Academic
1971-1972
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Academic
1973-1990
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Afro-American Historic Association Niagara Frontier
1976
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Afro-American Realty Corporation
1975
Box: 1 Folder : 7 American Library Association
1976
Box: 1 Folder : 8 American Security Council
1972
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Antioch College
1980
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Association of African Historians
1988
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Bahai National Information Office
1976
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Bergman Publishers
1969-1970
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Black Books Bulletin
1988
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Booker, Sue
1978
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Congress on Research and Dance
1981
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Conyers, John Jr. - Congressman
1974-1979
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Cook, William (Talking Drum Cable Television Program)
1986 , 1982
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Diggs, Charles C. Jr., Congressman
1978
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Diop, Cheikh Anta
1976
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Diop, M Alioune
1959
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Greene, Vera
1978
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Fabre, Genevieve
1984
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Fitchue, Leah Gaskin
1978
Box: 1 Folder : 24 Fontenat, Chester
1979
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Fulton, Richard (Lecture Agent)
1971-1972
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Gorney, Jay
1950 , 1955
Box: 1 Folder : 27 Handwritten (Miscellaneous)
1968-1988
Box: 1 Folder : 28 Hare, Nathan
1968
Box: 1 Folder : 29 Haynes, Eugene - Musician
1974
Box: 1 Folder : 30 Higginson, John E.
1988
Box: 1 Folder : 31 Howard University
1976-1980
Box: 1 Folder : 32 Hughes, Langston
1959
Box: 1 Folder : 33 Institute for Historical Review
1990
Box: 1 Folder : 34 Institute for People Enterprises
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 35 Johnson, Cliff - Black Americans International Intercultural Organization
1986-1987
Box: 1 Folder : 36 Jones, Mack - Prairie View University
1988
Box: 1 Folder : 37 Liberation Magazine  
1975
Box: 1 Folder : 38 Locke, Rovan G
1976
Box: 1 Folder : 39 Marable, Manning
1975
Box: 1 Folder : 40 McClusky, John - Indiana University Press
1992
Box: 1 Folder : 41 Moore, Carlos
1983
Box: 1 Folder : 42 Negro History, Conference On
1968
Box: 1 Folder : 43 New York Times
1968-1979
Box: 1 Folder : 44 Norman, Fred
1954
Box: 1 Folder : 45 Reed, Adolph Jr.
1986
Box: 1 Folder : 46 Schmeri, Rudi
1968
Box: 1 Folder : 47 Socialist Scholars Conference
1990
Box: 1 Folder : 48 Soyinka, Wole
1975-1976
Box: 1 Folder : 49 SUNY - David Nielson Tenure Review
1977
Box: 1 Folder : 50 Story, Ralph
1986
Box: 1 Folder : 51 Taylor, Clyde
1986
Box: 1 Folder : 52 Thorpe, Earl E.
1978-1980
Box: 1 Folder : 53 Wacker, Fred
1991
Box: 1 Folder : 54 Walter, Ronald
1981
Box: 1 Folder : 55 Walton, Haynes
1991
Box: 1 Folder : 56 Washington, University of
1979
Box: 1 Folder : 57 Weitz, Marvin
1977
Box: 2 Folder : 1 William Monroe Trotter Institute
1987
Box: 2 Folder : 2 William Morris Agency
1954-1955
Box: 2 Folder : 3 William Morrow and Company Publishers
1965-1976
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Wynter, Sylvia
1977
Box: 2 Folder : 5 World War II-era Letters to Cruse
1943-1947

Subseries B. Chronological

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Correspondence
1952-1957
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Correspondence
1962-1993

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Series II. Topical Files

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 2 Folder : 8 African American Museum
1977-1987
Box: 2 Folder : 9 African World
1981
Box: 2 Folder : 10 AfroAmerican Communicator  
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Afro Arts Theater
1955 , 1957
Box: 2 Folder : 12 American Negro Arts Festival
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 13 American Society of African Culture - "The Negro Writer and his Relationship to his Roots"
1959
Box: 2 Folder : 14 AMSAC (American Society for African Culture) Writers Conference - Notes
ca. late 1950s
Box: 2 Folder : 15 Association of American University Presses
1968
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Association for the Study of Afro American Life and History
1976-1988
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Black American Music Symposium (Cruse's Notes as Moderator)
1985
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Black Law Students Alliance - Discussion Notes
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Black Party: Founding Convention
1980
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Black Scholar
1969-1989
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Blacks in Predominantly White Colleges and Universities, The First National Think Tank On
1976
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Bubbling Brown Sugar
1976
Box: 2 Folder : 23 California State University
1980
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Carleton College
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Caucus of Black Sociologists (Includes Lecture Notes)
1975
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Center for Afro American and African Studies
1981-1986
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Center for Soviet and East Europe Studies
1976-1986
Box: 2 Folder : 28 Citizens for Community Development
1978 , 1980
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Cleveland State - Drimmer
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 30 Contract for Article on "Key Issues in the Afro-American Experience - Part Two"
1969
Box: 2 Folder : 31 Cleaver, Eldridge (Legal Defense Fund, Other)
1969-1981
Box: 2 Folder : 32 Cornell University
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 33 Course Outlines - Afro American Studies (Course 201 and 202)
ca.1969-1970
Box: 2 Folder : 34 Declaration of Black Intellectuals and Scholars in Support of the People's Struggle of West Papua New Guinea and East Timor Against Indonesian Colonialism
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 35 Harvard University - Alain Locke Symposium
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 36 Harvard University - William Seymour Society Lectures
1982-1985
Box: 2 Folder : 37 History 572 - Course Description
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 38 Indiana, University of (re: Promotion of Herman Hudson, and Minority Studies Program
1977-1978
Box: 2 Folder : 39 Institute for People Enterprises (Conference on Urban Choices for Survival)
1979
Box: 2 Folder : 40 Institute of Scientific Information
1977
Box: 2 Folder : 41 In these Times
1979-1980
Box: 2 Folder : 42 International Association for Cultural Freedom
1971 , 1977
Box: 2 Folder : 43 Iowa, University of - Lecture (re: Paul Robeson)
1976-1977
Box: 2 Folder : 44 Jefferson School of Social Science - Marxism and the Negro Question
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 45 Macalester College - Hubert Humphrey Lecture Notes
1979-1980
Box: 2 Folder : 46 Moore, Steven
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 47 Morgan State University Lecture (Includes Notes)
1975-1978
Box: 2 Folder : 48 "Moynihan Report, A Statement on the"
undated
Box: 2 Folder : 49 National Conference of Artists - Lecture: Black Art in the 1930's
1978
Box: 2 Folder : 50 National Endowment for the Humanities - American Culture Panel
1978-1979
Box: 2 Folder : 51 National Urban League
1975-1978
Box: 2 Folder : 52 New Dimensions  
1975
Box: 2 Folder : 53 News of the Emeriti - Harold Cruse
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Olive Harvey College - Speech
1977-1988
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Owens, Leslie - The Dismissal of
1978
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Pennsylvania, University of
1986-1988
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Princeton University
1976 , 1989
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Sacramento Working Conference on the Black Political Party
1980
Box: 3 Folder : 6 "Separate but Equal" - International Institute of Flint (Lecture Notes)
1989-1990
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Stanford University Speech
1994
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Studies on the Left
1962
Box: 3 Folder : 9 United Negro and Allied Veterans of America - New York State Council
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Virginia Commonwealth University
1989-1990
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Wayne State University Humanities Conference
1980
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Williams, Robert
1961-1986
Box: 3 Folder : 13 World War Two Memorabilia
1941-1947

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Series III. Writings

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 14 "Aesthetic Theory of American Negritude"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Afro American Communicator
1979
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Afro American Youth Cultural Conference
1965
Box: 3 Folder : 17 "American Negritude"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 18 American Negritude - Exploratory Philosophical Notes - Part II
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 19 "The American Negro and the Cuban Revolution"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 20 "The American Negro Manifesto on Cultural Revolution"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Article on: Negro in the Theater
1951
Box: 3 Folder : 22 "Assimilation in American Life" (Review by Cruse)
1964
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Baldwin, James - Articles About
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 24 "Battle of Montreal" - African Heritage Studies Association
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 25 "Behind the Black Power Movement"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 26 "Black Anti-Semitism"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 27 Black Anti-Semitism - Notes on
1985-1986
Box: 3 Folder : 28 "Black Bourgeois"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 29 "The Black Political Process - Myth or Reality - A Theoretical Analysis"
1978
Box: 3 Folder : 30 "Black Studies: Interpretation, Methodology, and the Relationship to Social Movements"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 31 "Bohemia Revisited"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 32 Book Review by Cruse of Freedom Song: A Personal Story of the 1960's Civil Rights Movement
1987
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Book Review by Cruse of Introduction to Black Studies, by Maulana Karenga
1982
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Book Reviews by Cruse (Miscellaneous)
1950-1964
Box: 3 Folder : 35 "Charles Riley and New Negro Renaissance"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 36 "A Chess Manual for the 'Potzers' by the Master Monsieur Fred Duval" - As Told by Cruse
ca. late 1950s-early 1960s
Box: 3 Folder : 37 Cleaver, Eldridge: The Fire this Time? (Review of) by Cruse
1969
Box: 3 Folder : 38 "Contemporary Dialectics"
ca.1963
Box: 3 Folder : 39 "The Creative and Performing Arts and the Struggle for Identity and Credibility"
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 40 Crisis of the Negro Intellectual (ts; pp. 20-116)  
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 41 Crisis of the Negro Intellectual (ts; pp. 117-254)  
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 42 Crisis of the Negro Intellectual (ts; pp. 255-379)  
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 43 Crisis of the Negro Intellectual (ts; pp. 380-592)  
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 44 Crisis of the Negro Intellectual - "Black Nationalism and American Socialism" (by Eugene Genovese)  
1968
Box: 3 Folder : 45 Crisis of the Negro Intellectual - Critique (by Bob Higgins)  
1978
Box: 3 Folder : 46 Crisis of the Negro Intellectual - Twentieth Anniversary  
1987
Box: 4 Folder : 1 "Cuba and the North American Negro"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 2 "Cuba and the North American Negro: A Study in Two Revolutionary Perspectives"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 3 "Cuba, Marxism, Nationalism, and the American Negro"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 4 "Culture and the Negro Question" - Review by Cruse
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 5 "Cultural Identity and the Afro American"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 6 "Death of White Sociology, Outline for"
1975
Box: 4 Folder : 7 "The Delta Rose"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8 "The Education of a Rebel," Part One
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8A "The Education of a Rebel," Part Two
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8B "The Education of a Rebel," Part Three
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8C "The Education of a Rebel," Part Four
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8D "The Education of a Rebel," Part Five
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8E "The Education of a Rebel," Part Six
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8F "The Education of a Rebel," Part Seven
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8G "The Education of a Rebel," Part Eight
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8H "The Education of a Rebel," Part Nine
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 8I "The Education of a Rebel," Part Ten
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 10 "Force and Violence : from Monroe to Watts"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 11 "From Shibe Park to Yankee Stadium"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 12 "George Capdeville's Ancestry"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 13 "Historical Roots of Social Change and Social Theory"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 14 "Historical Roots of Social Change and Social Theory" (Handwritten)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 15 "The House He Once Lived in"
1950
Box: 4 Folder : 16 "The House He Used to Live in"
1949
Box: 4 Folder : 17 "The Intellectuals and Force and Violence"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 18 "Interludes with Duke Ellington"
ca.1982-1985
Box: 4 Folder : 19 London Diary
1969-1970
Box: 4 Folder : 20 "Marxism and Negritude"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 21 "Marxism and Negritude Part Three"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 22 "Marxism and Negro Literature"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 23 "Marxism and the Negro Question"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 24 "Memoirs of a Self-Taught Journalist"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 25 "My Jewish Problem and Theirs"
1969
Box: 4 Folder : 26 Negro Culture: Heritage and Weapon (Review by Cruse)  
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 27 "A Negro Looks at Cuba"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 28 "The Negro Playwright"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 29 "The Negro Writer - Disarmed, Dis[en]franchised, Disoriented"
1967
Box: 4 Folder : 30 "The New Afro Americanism"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 31 "The New Negro History of John Hope Franklin"
1980 , 1987
Box: 4 Folder : 32 Notebooks / Journals (2)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 32a Notes: Robeson book
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 33 "On Explaining Twentieth Century Negro History"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 34 "On Robert Brustein's Theater Visions"
1979
Box: 4 Folder : 35 Plural But Equal - Review of  
1987
Box: 4 Folder : 36 "The Politics of Negro Business"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 37 "A Preface to Leadership"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 38 "Problems in Black Political Philosophy - Exploratory Paper" (Delivered at Morgan State University)
1978
Box: 4 Folder : 39 "Proposal for a Collected Edition of the Essays"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 40 "Race and Bohemians in Greenwich Village"
1960
Box: 4 Folder : 41 "Race Riots and Remedies"
1964
Box: 4 Folder : 42 Rebellion or Revolution - Review of  
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 43 Simply Heavenly and Stella Holt - A Viewpoint  
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 44 "The Sociology of Afro Americanism"
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 45 Teaching and Sharing the Humanities: A College for Human Services Value Conference
1978
Box: 4 Folder : 46 "Three Faces West" - A Western Film Scenario (by Cruse)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 47 Untitled Typescript - "Despite many new features of the present day Negro rebellion, this rebellion has its roots in the accumulated experiences of the past fifty years..."
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 48 Untitled Typescript - re: CAUSA and Negroes (pp 173-240)
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 49 Untitled Typescript - "'The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual' was first published..."
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 50 Untitled Typescript - re: Freedom Now Party, William Worthy, etc.
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 51 Untitled Typescript - "In addition, we are being told by the white left..."
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 52 Untitled Typescript - "In 1940, in one of my first acts in the pursuit of becoming a more 'social' being..."
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 53 Untitled Typescript - "In 1964, the special Freedom ways Harlem issue was enlarged..."
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 54 Untitled Typescript - "It was June in Italy, 1944, a languorous summer's day, when Juddie Jones, Negro truck driver, US Army, returned..."
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Untitled Typescripts - Miscellaneous
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Untitled Typescript - re: "Marxism and the Negro"
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Untitled Typescript - "The nearest living contact I have ever had with French culture was in North Africa during World War Two..."
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Untitled Typescript - "When the Socialist Workers Party (Trotskyist) announced in New York on January 14 that it had nominated a Negro..."
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Village Voice Editorial - "Reading Michael Harrington's report on the Vancouver meeting..."
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 6 What is a Program
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 7 What is Nationalism
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 9 "Why an Afro American Cultural Philosophy is Necessary Today"
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 8 "Where the Hummingbird Flies" - A Critique
undated

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Series IV. Addendum 1 (unprocessed)

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 6 Box 6
Box: 7 Box 7

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Series V. Addendum 2: 2011 (unprocessed)

Container 1     Title Date
Box: 8 Box 8
Box: 9 Box 9
Box: 10 Box 10
Box: 11 Plays

Scope and Contents

Includes: The Black and the Red (circa 1995) about African American Communists and the Spanish Civil War,  A Lady of Consequence: A Musical Play (1962),  Of Marms and Maids: A Drama in Two Acts (1963); and "Untitled," a longer play set around beginning of 20th century.

Box: 12 Photographs

Scope and Contents

Includes loose and framed photos, negatives, historical postcards. There is a group portrait including Fidel Castro and one African American male; photos from trip(s) to Africa; and a photo of a lynching, allegedly from 1980.

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