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Guide to the Mary E. Gawthorpe Papers TAM.275

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Jessica Weglein and Laura Helton, 2001-2003

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 08, 2019
Finding aid is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Updated and edited by Jasmine Sykes-Kunk for compliance with DACS and ACM Required Elements for Archival Description  , May 2019

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Gawthorpe, Mary Eleanor, 1881-1973
Source - dnr: Crocker, Anne Ward
Source - dnr: Miessner, Elizabeth Ward
Source - dnr: Ward, Joyce Cover
Title: Mary E. Gawthorpe Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1881-1990
Dates [bulk]: 1907-1933
Abstract: Mary E. Gawthorpe (1881-1973) was a British suffragist who was an organizer for the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) from 1906 to 1912. Following her immigration to the United States in 1916, she was involved in a number of American social and political movements, including women's suffrage and labor education. Her papers, which consist of diaries, correspondence, notes, postcards, flyers, leaflets, news clippings, and photographs, cover the period of her involvement with the radical British suffragettes as well as some of her activities in the United States.
Quantity: 9.75 Linear Feet in 7 record cartons, 3 oversize flat boxes, 1 photograph box, 11 folders in shared boxes, and 1 flat file drawer
Location: Some materials are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use. Please contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu at least two business days prior to research visit.
Language: Materials are written in English.
Call Phrase: TAM.275

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Biographical Note

Mary Eleanor Gawthorpe (1881-1973) was born in Leeds, England, on January 12, 1881, to John and Annie Eliza (Mountain) Gawthorpe. She had four siblings, but only one sister, Annie Gatenby, and a brother, James Arthur, survived to adulthood. Her father was a leather worker, and her mother worked occasionally as a textile worker and laundress to help support the family. Gawthorpe became a pupil-teacher at age thirteen in a local church school. Following her certification, she served as a schoolteacher in Leeds until 1906.

While she was studying and teaching, Gawthorpe became involved in socialist and labor politics in Leeds through her friend Tom Garrs. She was active in the Independent Labour Party (ILP) and the Women's Labour League, and she coordinated a women's page in the local Labour News. Through this work she began to speak in public, and the first two speeches she prepared were entitled "The Child under Socialism" and "The Modern Pariah, a plea against the making of criminals." She was also a leading figure of the Leeds branch of the National Union of Teachers, served on the Lord Mayor of Leeds Committee for the Feeding of School Children, and was active in A.R. Orage's Leeds Arts Club.

Christabel Pankhurst had been speaking to ILP audiences throughout England, and Gawthorpe became increasingly interested in the issue of women's suffrage, particularly after the arrest of Christable Pankhurst and Annie Kenney at Free Trade Hall in Manchester. Though the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) was active at that time only in Manchester and other Lancashire towns, Gawthorpe began to organize suffrage-related events in her native Leeds and throughout Yorkshire by writing letters to the editor and speaking at local labor events. She helped Isabella Ford form the Leeds Suffrage Society, which was affiliated with the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies. In 1906, she resigned her teaching post at the Bramley Council School to devote more time to these causes, and later that year, she accepted an offer to become a full-time organizer for the WSPU. As she became more involved with the militant suffragettes, she grew less active in the ILP.

One of her first assignments was to join Christabel Pankhurst in Wales, where she drew upon her own working-class background and involvement in the labor movement to organize mining communities for the Mid-Glamorgan campaign against the Liberal politician Samuel Evans. Gawthorpe became one of the WSPU's primary speakers, and was especially active in the North of England. She was first arrested for disrupting a House of Commons meeting on October 23, 1906. She was known as a particularly dynamic and persuasive orator, and was one of the speakers at a Hyde Park demonstration that drew over 200,000 people. By 1909, she was head organizer for the Lancashire branch of the WSPU, headquartered in Manchester. Several imprisonments, which included hunger strikes and forced feedings, eroded her already fragile health, and she had to drop out of the movement for repeated periods of convalescence. In 1910, she was unable to be in Manchester to fulfill her duties for the Autumn Campaign, but conducted a "bed-side" effort to raise money to support the campaign. She joined with Dora Marsden in 1911 in a venture to start a new journal, The Freewoman, which sometimes found itself at odds with WSPU leaders, including the Pankhursts. In 1912, the issue of forced feeding of suffragette prisoners became increasingly important to her, and she led a petition drive in protest of the practice (which generated a lengthy response from George Bernard Shaw). She also made an unsuccessful call in this year for a national women's hunger strike.

Following 1912, Gawthorpe's health was too poor to continue her participation in the movement. She spent time in different locales to recover, including a trip to Italy in 1914-15. She intermittently received financial support from individual suffragettes until 1916. Around this time, she began to consider other fields of work she could pursue. She took a secretarial training course at Kensington College in 1915.

Gawthorpe traveled to the United States with her mother in 1916, where they joined family members in Monroe, New York. While it appears that Gawthorpe initially advertised herself for employment as an editor's or author's assistant, she soon began to work as an organizer for a number of political causes and moved from campaign to campaign for the next several years. She quickly joined the American struggle for women's suffrage, working first as a Field Organizer and then Head Organizer for the Brooklyn branch of the New York State Woman Suffrage Party. Mary Ogden White wrote of her contribution to this movement, "Miss Gawthorpe is a morsel of a woman to have achieved so much, but one look into her hazel eyes--her very unusual hazel eyes--is convincing of the power within her. She is all fire and quick response, a flash of energy, of sympathy, of comprehension." In February 1917, she went to Buffalo to work as chairperson of the Western New York Suffrage News Service. In this capacity, she led one contingent of a caravan to the Suffragists' State Convention, led by Gertrude Franchot Tone in August 1917. Later that year, she was appointed State Press Chairman for the Party, a capacity in which she served until mid-1918.

Following her work with the Woman Suffrage Party, Gawthorpe worked on a number of short-term organizing projects around the country. In 1918, she worked for the National Consumers League's Industrial Investigation. Gawthorpe assisted in the completion of the League's study of "Woman's Work in Wartime" in Wilmington, Delaware. Gawthorpe carried out research by visiting homes to gather family history and budget data and then remained to serve as Legislative Secretary of the Delaware Consumers' League, working on their campaign for a Minimum Wage Law.

In 1919, she traveled to Chicago, where she worked with the Cook County Labor Party, especially with the Women's Section. She continued the public speaking for which she had been well known in the British suffrage movement, and was a Labor Day speaker at a demonstration of miners in Belleville, Illinois. It may have been in Chicago that she became associated with Sidney Hillman's Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, as her next move was to Rochester, where she briefly served as the union's Director of Educational Programs. She was a delegate to the national convention of the National Labor Party (later the Farmer-Labor Party) in Chicago in 1920, and was "loaned" by ACWA to work on the presidential campaign of Parley Parker Christensen. To aid the campaign, she spoke in the mining districts of Indiana and Illinois. From 1921-1922, she was an executive secretary for the League for Mutual Aid.

In 1921, she married John Sanders, an engineer who had been a boarder in the home of her brother, James Arthur, in Newark, New Jersey, where the family had relocated. The couple moved to Whitestone, New York, where they resided for the rest of their lives. Following her marriage, Gawthorpe held no "official job"--as she described--but maintained close associations with a number of progressive and labor organizations around New York City, particularly the New School for Social Research.

In 1931, Gawthorpe once again became involved with her acquaintances from the British suffrage movement when she began to promote Sylvia Pankhurst's book, The Suffragette Movement, which was experiencing poor sales in the United States. This endeavor led to a disagreement with Pankhurst over a description of Gawthorpe in a brief footnote in the book, which overlooked Gawthorpe's involvement in the women's suffrage movement in the United States following her emigration. To set the record straight, and to provide detailed information about her activities in the United States for a compilation of biographies of militant suffragettes for the Suffragette Fellowship in Britain, she solicited letters of reference from a number of political figures with whom she had worked, including Gertrude Franchot Tone, Roger Baldwin, Arthur Garfield Hays, and Vera B. Whitehouse. Gawthorpe eventually demanded that Pankhurst produce a second edition of the book in order to correct the mistake, an action Pankhurst was not prepared to take. Following a contentious correspondence from 1931 to 1935, they appear to have fallen out of touch.

In 1962, Gawthorpe wrote a memoir of her early years and her participation in the British suffrage movement, Up Hill to Holloway, printed by Traversity Press of Penobscot, Maine. John Sanders passed away the following year. In addition to her political activities, Gawthorpe maintained interests in astrology, gardening, painting, and drawing. She was moved to the Clearview Nursing Home in Whitestone, New York, in January 1973, and passed away there on March 12, 1973. She was survived by her nephew and heir, Sidney John Ward, whose daughters preserved her papers and donated them to the Tamiment Library.

Sources:

  • Diane Atkinson, The Suffragettes in Pictures (London: Sutton Publishing Limited, 1996).
  • Mary Gawthorpe, Up Hill to Holloway (Penobscot, Maine: Traversity Press, 1962).
  • Sandra Holton, Suffrage Days: Stories from the Women's Suffrage Movement (London: Routledge, 1996).
  • Pankhurst, Sylvia, The Suffragette Movement; An Intimate Account of Persons and Ideals (London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1931).

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Scope and Content Note

The collection is predominantly comprised of materials related to Gawthorpe's work as a suffragist, including her involvement with the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) and other pro-suffrage groups during the early 20th century. Genres of materials that document Gawthorpe's activism include correspondence and postcards; diaries and engagement books; notes; and news clippings, flyers, programs, leaflets, pamphlets, and other forms of printed ephemera. These materials also reflect the wider activities of many of the era's pro- and anti-suffrage groups and the work of other suffragettes like the Pankhursts. To a lesser extent, the collection provides insight into Gawthorpe's interest in the labor movement, her teaching career, and her personal life.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged into six series:

I: Diaries/Engagement Books, 1918-1972
II: Correspondence, 1903-1973
III: Subject Files, 1881-1990
IV: Educational Materials and Notes, circa 1890-1932
V: Postcards, 1903-1970
VI: Photographs, Graphic Materials, and Artifacts, 1900-circa 1950s

Series I is arranged chronologically. Series II is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. Series III, IV, and VI are arranged alphabetically by folder title. Series V is arranged chronologically within two sections, Suffrage and General.

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Baldwin, Roger Nash, 1884-1981
  • Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950
  • Pankhurst, E. Sylvia (Estelle Sylvia), 1882-1960.
  • Blatch, Harriot Stanton, 1856-1940
  • Gawthorpe, Mary Eleanor, 1881-1973
  • Beffel, John Nicholas
  • Paul, Alice, 1885-1977.
  • Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950.
  • Nearing, Scott, 1883-1983.
  • Tone, Franchot.
  • Tone, Gertrude Franchot.
  • Crocker, Anne Ward
  • Miessner, Elizabeth Ward
  • Ward, Joyce Cover

Document Type

  • Photographs.
  • Correspondence.
  • Postcards.
  • Pamphlets.
  • Leaflets (printed works)

Subject Organizations

  • Women's Social and Political Union (Great Britain)
  • Women's Labour League

Subject Topics

  • Women -- Suffrage -- New York (State)
  • Women -- Suffrage
  • Women -- Suffrage -- Great Britain
  • Women in the labor movement -- United States

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Any rights (including copyright and related rights to publicity and privacy) held by Mary E. Gawthorpe were transferred to New York University in 2001 by Anne Ward Crocker, Elizabeth Ward Miessner, and Joyce Cover Ward. Permission to publish or reproduce materials in this collection must be secured from the Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive. Please contact tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Mary E. Gawthorpe Papers; TAM 275; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Material

The Dora Marsden Papers, housed in the Manuscripts Division of the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections at Princeton University, contain an extensive amount of correspondence between Marsden and Gawthorpe. The Suffragette Fellowship Collection at the Museum of London also contains materials related to Gawthorpe's work with the Women's Social and Political Union.

Separated Material

A copy of Gawthorpe's autobiography, Up Hill to Holloway, and its accompanying index/supplement were separated for library cataloging, as were approximately ten other books related to women's suffrage and other topics. A number of suffrage-themed journals which were originally processed as part of the collection were separated in 2013 and also designated for library cataloging.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This collection, with the exception of some parts of Boxes 4 and 5 and some of the photographs, is available on microfilm (Film R-7264) for use in this repository only. The publishers of the microfilm edition excluded a small number of documents from these boxes, mainly concerning family history, because of privacy considerations. Researchers must use microfilm for this collection except for Boxes 4 and 5 and the photographs, at the discretion of the reference archivist. There is also a guide to the microfilm available at the Tamiment Library (call number REF HQ1413.G39 A3 2006).

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Some items, specifically the "Self Denial" sash in boxes 10-11 are extremely fragile; researchers must consult the photograph of the object.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Anne Ward Crocker, Elizabeth Ward Miessner, and Joyce Cover Ward in 2001. The accession numbers related to this gift are 2001.028 and 2001.183.

Processing Information

Photographic materials originally housed in albums were taken from the albums and rehoused in photograph or negative sleeves and stored in a photograph box when the collection was initially processed in the early 2000s.

Photographs and graphic materials separated from this collection during processing were established as a separate collection, the Mary E. Gawthorpe Photographs (PHOTOS 227). In 2013, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the Mary E. Gawthorpe Papers (TAM 275).

Artifacts in the collection were rehoused by NYU's preservation department in 2013.

In 2019, items were placed in new acid-free folders and boxes in preparation for offsite storage.

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Container List

Series I: Diaries, 1918-1972

Scope and Content Note

Gawthorpe recorded her activities in engagement books from shortly after her arrival in the United States until her death. These materials do not provide a comprehensive account of Gawthorpe's activities from this period, however, because the detail of her accounts varied greatly from year to year.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Diaries/Engagement Books
1918-1920
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Diaries/Engagement Books
1920-1925
Box: 1 Folder : 3 Diaries/Engagement Books
1926-1929
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Diaries/Engagement Books
1930-1935
Box: 1 Folder : 5 Diaries/Engagement Books
1936-1938
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Diaries/Engagement Books
1939-1940
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Diaries/Engagement Books
1941-1942
Box: 1 Folder : 8 Diaries/Engagement Books
1943-1945
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Diaries/Engagement Books
1946-1947
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Diaries/Engagement Books
1948-1949
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Diaries/Engagement Books
1950-1951
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Diaries/Engagement Books
1952-1953
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Diaries/Engagement Books
1954-1955
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Diaries/Engagement Books
1956-1957
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Diaries/Engagement Books
1958-1959
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Diaries/Engagement Books
1960-1961
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Diaries/Engagement Books
1962
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Diaries/Engagement Books
1963
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Diaries/Engagement Books
1964
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Diaries/Engagement Books
1965
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Diaries/Engagement Books
1966-1967
Box: 2 Folder : 11 Diaries/Engagement Books
1968-1969
Box: 2 Folder : 12 Diaries/Engagement Books
1970-1971
Box: 2 Folder : 13 Diaries/Engagement Books
1972

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Series II: Correspondence, 1930-1973

Scope and Content Note

This series contains Gawthorpe's incoming and outgoing correspondence. Much of the correspondence from 1931 to 1933 concerns the publication of Sylvia Pankhurst's book The Suffragette Movement and a dispute between the two women over Pankhurst's treatment of Gawthorpe's American career in a footnote. Pankhurst's refusal to revise the book seems to have led to the end of their correspondence. Material pertaining to this matter can be found throughout this series. Among the correspondents on this topic are: John Beffel, Harriet Stanton Blatch, Alice Stone Blackwell, Parley Parker Christensen, Mary E. Dreier, John Galsworthy, Victor Gollancz, Arthur Garfield Hays, A.R. Orage, Sylvia Pankhurst, Alice Paul, Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence, George Bernard Shaw, and Gertrude Franchot Tone. (See also Pankhurst files in Series III.)

Another key issue addressed in this series is the split between Gawthorpe and Dora Marsden, who briefly co-edited The Freewoman in 1911. This issue is addressed in the correspondence with Albert and Adele Lowy and Grace Jardine.

Other correspondents of note in this series are Scott Nearing, Roger Baldwin, Gertrude Franchot Tone, and Havelock Ellis. This series also includes five folders of cards from Gawthorpe's husband, John Sanders.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Unidentified
undated , 1903-1933 , 1968-1972
Box: 3 Folder : 2 A
undated , 1911-1923
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Amberg, Ruth
undated , 1922
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Armstrong, E. Noel
undated , 1926-1935
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Astrological Research Foundation
1930-1931 , 1931
Box: 3 Folder : 6 B
undated , 1915-1933 , 1969
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Baldwin, Roger
undated , 1920-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Barker, E. Frye
1925-1927 , 1927
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Barney, Nora Stanton
1926
Box: 3 Folder : 10 Becker, Maurice
undated , 1920-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 11 Beckwith, Ella G.
undated , 1920
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Beekman, Henry R.
1928
Box: 3 Folder : 13 Beffel, John
1933
Box: 3 Folder : 14 Berrien, Laura M.
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 15 Blackwell, Alice Stone
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 16 Blatch, Harriet Stanton
undated , 1931
Box: 3 Folder : 17 Bosworth, Grace M.
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 18 Bradley, Ivah
1932
Box: 3 Folder : 19 Broun, Heyword
1933
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Byrns, Elinor
1921-1922 , 1922
Box: 3 Folder : 21 C
undated , 1919-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 22 Carpenter, Edward
1915
Box: 3 Folder : 23 Carson, Frank
undated , 1926-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 24 Carus, Helena Proudfoot
1919-1949 , 1949
Box: 3 Folder : 25 Cathcart, Vera Countess of
1926
Box: 3 Folder : 26 Christensen, Parley Parker
1924 , 1931
Box: 3 Folder : 27 Civic Club
1926-1927
Box: 3 Folder : 28 Condon, Mollie
1925-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 29 Consolidated Edison
1939
Box: 3 Folder : 30 Corio, Sylvio
1931-1936
Box: 3 Folder : 31 Crossley, Stella
1925-1926
Box: 3 Folder : 32 D
undated , 1914-1916
Box: 3 Folder : 33 Dockray, Leslie
1970-1972
Box: 3 Folder : 34 Dreier, Mary E.
undated , 1926-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 35 E
undated , 1925-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 36 Ellis, Havelock
1912
Box: 3 Folder : 37 F
undated , 1915-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 38 Floyd, Louise Adams
undated , 1926-1951
Box: 3 Folder : 39 Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley
1930
Box: 3 Folder : 40 Forbes-Robertson, Sir Johnston
1910
Box: 3 Folder : 41 Forward
1932
Box: 3 Folder : 42 Frank, Walter and Eva
1931-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 43 Fraser, Helen
1923-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 44 Freeman, Elisabeth
undated , 1923-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 45 G
undated , 1917-1934
Box: 3 Folder : 46 Galsworthy, John
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 47 Garland, Marie Tudor
undated , 1922-1939
Box: 3 Folder : 48 Garland, Marie Tudor
1940-1950
Box: 3 Folder : 49 Garland, Mary Wrenn
1924-1927
Box: 3 Folder : 50 Gawthorpe, Annie Eliza
1910-1919
Box: 3 Folder : 51 Gawthorpe, James Arthur
1913
Box: 3 Folder : 52 Gollancz, Victor
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 53 Grant, Myron L.
undated , 1933
Box: 3 Folder : 54 Granville-Smith, Jessica
undated , 1929-1931 , 1968-1969
Box: 3 Folder : 55 Greenbie, Marjorie
1968-1970
Box: 3 Folder : 56 Gumberg, Alex
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 57 Gunner, Jocelyn
1927-1949
Box: 3 Folder : 58 Guthrie, Lillian
1960-1973
Box: 3 Folder : 59 Gye, Elsa
1932
Box: 3 Folder : 60 H
undated , 1908-1933 , 1970
Box: 3 Folder : 61 Haapenen, John
1932
Box: 3 Folder : 62 Harmati, Sandor
1932
Box: 3 Folder : 63 Hays, Aline D.
1931-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 64 Hays, Arthur Garfield
1931-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 65 Hillman, Sidney
1920
Box: 3 Folder : 66 Hollister, Carroll
undated , 1929-1922 , 1969
Box: 3 Folder : 67 Horst, Gertrude
1933
Box: 3 Folder : 68 Hulburd, Anna K.
1924-1927
Box: 3 Folder : 69 Hulst, Cornelia
1919-1926
Box: 3 Folder : 70 I
ca.1932
Box: 3 Folder : 71 Iliff, J.G.
1916
Box: 3 Folder : 72 Irwin, Inez Haynes
1931-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 73 J
undated , 1920-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 74 Jardine, Grace
1931-1932
Box: 3 Folder : 75 K
undated , 1970
Box: 3 Folder : 76 Kallen, H.M.
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 77 Kelly, Herbert
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 78 Kemp, Eleanor C.
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 79 Kennan, Ellen A.
1926-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 80 L
undated , 1931-1932
Box: 3 Folder : 81 Laski, Harold J.
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 82 LeGallienne, Eva
1927
Box: 3 Folder : 83 Leslie, Kenneth
undated , 1969
Box: 3 Folder : 84 Levinson, Polly
1931-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 85 Lidderdale, Jane
1966-1967
Box: 3 Folder : 86 Lowy, Albert and Adele
1931 , 1971-1972
Box: 3 Folder : 87 Lowy, Mary
1921
Box: 3 Folder : 88 M
1910-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 89 MacDonald, Ishbel
1927
Box: 3 Folder : 90 Manship, Ruth
undated , 1929-1932
Box: 3 Folder : 91 Marble, Mary Flowers
undated , 1927
Box: 3 Folder : 92 Morris, Mary
1929-1930
Box: 3 Folder : 93 Murray, Stella Wolfe
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 94 Musgrave, Helen
undated , 1928-1930
Box: 3 Folder : 95 N
undated , 1908 , 1927-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 96 Nafe, Gertrude
1931-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 97 Nearing, Scott
undated , 1917-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 98 NeviNson, Henry Woodd
1909
Box: 3 Folder : 99 Niebuhr, Reinhold
1933
Box: 3 Folder : 100 Norman, C.H.
undated , 1910
Box: 3 Folder : 101 North Node Book Shop
1929-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 102 O
undated , 1919-1926
Box: 3 Folder : 103 Orage, A.R.
1931
Box: 3 Folder : 104 Osgood, Alivilda F.
1927-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 105 Osman, J.M.
undated , 1926-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 106 P
1908-1931 , 1967
Box: 3 Folder : 107 Pankhurst, Christabel
1933
Box: 3 Folder : 108 Pankhurst, Emmeline
1908
Box: 3 Folder : 109 Pankhurst, Sylvia
1929-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 110 Pankhurst, Sylvia
1932-1935
Box: 3 Folder : 111 Paul, Alice
1929-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 112 Penny, Frank
undated , 1915-1929
Box: 3 Folder : 113 Pethick-Lawrence, Emmeline
1931-1935
Box: 3 Folder : 114 Pomeroy, Ella
undated , 1929-1932
Box: 3 Folder : 115 Post, Hermann
undated , 1932-1933
Box: 3 Folder : 116 R
undated , 1917-1933 , 1970
Box: 3 Folder : 117 Reid, Helen Rogers
1925-1931
Box: 3 Folder : 118 Reiner, Edith
1929
Box: 4 Folder : 1 Rigby, Edith
undated , 1932-1951
Box: 4 Folder : 2 Robins, Elizabeth
1931
Box: 4 Folder : 3 Rowe, Frances
1917
Box: 4 Folder : 4 Russell, Ada
1936-1944
Box: 4 Folder : 5 Russell, Bertrand
1932 , 1970
Box: 4 Folder : 6 Russell, Ethel
1942-1945
Box: 4 Folder : 7 Russell, Hilda
1920-1939
Box: 4 Folder : 8 Russell, Jessie
1947-1951
Box: 4 Folder : 9 Russell, Marie Valentine
1916-1927
Box: 4 Folder : 10 S
undated , 1916-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 11 Sadow, Sue
1932-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 12 Sanders, John
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 13 Sanders, John
1921-1929
Box: 4 Folder : 14 Sanders, John
1930-1939
Box: 4 Folder : 15 Sanders, John
1940-1949
Box: 4 Folder : 16 Sanders, John
1950-1959
Box: 4 Folder : 17 Sanders, John
1960-1963
Box: 4 Folder : 18 Schulkind, Adelaide
1929-1932
Box: 4 Folder : 19 Scott, Charles Prestwich
1910 , 1931
Box: 4 Folder : 20 Scudder, Vida D.
1932
Box: 4 Folder : 21 Sharp, Doris
1931
Box: 4 Folder : 22 Shaw, George Bernard
1912 , 1933
Box: 4 Folder : 23 Shelby, Gertrude Mathews
1921-1926
Box: 4 Folder : 24 Singleton, Caroline
1926-1928
Box: 4 Folder : 25 Smith, B.A.
1915-1928
Box: 4 Folder : 26 Smith, Jessica
1968-1969
Box: 4 Folder : 27 Stevens, Doris
1928-1931
Box: 4 Folder : 28 Storm, Diana
1928-1931
Box: 4 Folder : 29 Strang, Lewis C.
1927
Box: 4 Folder : 30 Sullivan, William L.
1921
Box: 4 Folder : 31 Swanwick, Helena
1908 , 1932
Box: 4 Folder : 32 Swayne, Blanche
1932-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 33 T
undated , 1919-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 34 Tolson, Chas. G.
1909
Box: 4 Folder : 35 Tone, Franchot
undated , 1930 , 1968
Box: 4 Folder : 36 Tone, Gertrude Franchot
undated , 1919-1923
Box: 4 Folder : 37 Tone, Gertrude Franchot
1924-1938
Box: 4 Folder : 38 Unity Society
1929
Box: 4 Folder : 39 Upward, Allen
1913
Box: 4 Folder : 40 Valiant, Grace
1928-1930
Box: 4 Folder : 41 Verrall, Richard P. and Gertrude
1919-1921
Box: 4 Folder : 42 W
1915-1931 , 1966 , 1970-1972
Box: 4 Folder : 43 Ward, Annie Gawthorpe
undated , 1913-1921 , 1948
Box: 4 Folder : 44 Ward, Sidney John
1910 , 1929
Box: 4 Folder : 45 Ward, Stella Crossley
undated , 1930-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 46 Watson, Elizabeth
undated , 1926-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 47 WEVD
undated , 1931
Box: 4 Folder : 48 White, Eliot
1931-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 49 Wiener, Paul Lester
1929
Box: 4 Folder : 50 Woman Suffrage Party, Brooklyn
1916
Box: 4 Folder : 51 Z
1933

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Series III: Subject Files, 1881-1990

Scope and Content Note

The subject files cover the period from 1881 to Gawthorpe's death in 1973 (with most files dating from 1907 to 1913), as well as materials relating to Gawthorpe's estate up until 1990. The earlier material relates to the WSPU, including Gawthorpe's work in the North of England, as well as a range of other pro- and anti-suffrage organizations. This series extensively covers two of Gawthorpe's initiatives in 1912: her coordination of a petition against the forcible feeding of suffragette prisoners and her call for a national women's hunger strike. The petition drive generated responses from a range of figures, including Havelock Ellis and George Bernard Shaw, which are included in the subject file.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 4 Folder : 52 Actress Suffrage Organizations
1909-1910
Box: 4 Folder : 53 Adult Suffrage Society
1907
Box: 4 Folder : 54 Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
1920
Box: 4 Folder : 55 Artists' Suffrage League
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 56 Bangs, Jean M.
1931-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 57 Biographical Materials: John Sanders, Jr.
1922-1933
Box: 4 Folder : 58 Biographical Materials: Mary Gawthorpe
1881-1937
Box: 4 Folder : 59 Biographical Materials: Mary Gawthorpe
1962-1990
Box: 4 Folder : 60 Blackwell, Alice Stone
1916 , 1947-1950
Box: 4 Folder : 61 Catt, Carrie Chapman: Speeches
1911 , 1916
Box: 4 Folder : 62 Central Society for Women's Suffrage
undated
Box: 4 Folder : 63 Clippings: General
undated , 1912-1968
Box: 4 Folder : 64 Conciliation Committee for Women's Suffrage
1910
Box: 4 Folder : 65 Davison, Emily Wilding
1913
Box: 4 Folder : 66 Education Issues: Pamphlets
1910-1913
Box: 5 Folder : 1 Ephemera: Programs, Invitations, Notes
undated , 1906-1938
Box: 5 Folder : 2 Fabian News
1911-1912
Box: 5 Folder : 3 Fabian Society: Pamphlets
1907-1912
Box: 5 Folder : 4 Family: General
undated , 1937 , 1941
Box: 5 Folder : 5 Forcible Feeding: Clippings
1912
Box: 5 Folder : 6 Forcible Feeding: Shaw Clippings
1912
Box: 5 Folder : 7 Forcible Feeding Petition: Correspondence
1912
Box: 5 Folder : 8 Forcible Feeding Petition: Organizing Materials
1912
Box: 5 Folder : 9 Freewoman
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 10 Friends of India
1932
Box: 5 Folder : 11 Garland, Charles: Clippings
undated , 1922-1929
Box: 5 Folder : 12 Garland Fund (American Fund for Public Service): Reports and Clippings
1923-1934
Box: 5 Folder : 13 Garland, Marie Tudor: Clippings
undated , 1916-1931
Box: 5 Folder : 14 Hardie, Keir: Suffrage Pamphlets
undated , 1905
Box: 5 Folder : 15 Hunger Strike: Clippings
1912-1913
Box: 5 Folder : 16 Hunger Strike: Correspondence
1912
Box: 5 Folder : 17 Hunger Strike: Editorials
1912-1913
Box: 5 Folder : 18 Hunger Strike: Letters to the Editor
1912-1913
Box: 5 Folder : 19 Illness: Baylis House
undated , 1913
Box: 5 Folder : 20 Illness: Mary Gawthorpe Testimonial Fund
1911
Box: 5 Folder : 21 Illness: Support from suffragists
1915-1916
Box: 5 Folder : 22 Independent Labour Party: Pamphlets
undated , 1900-1906
Box: 5 Folder : 23 Independent Labour Party: Suffrage Materials
1906
Box: 5 Folder : 24 International Women's Franchise Club
undated , 1910
Box: 5 Folder : 25 Labour Organizations: Leaflets
undated , 1910
Box: 5 Folder : 26 Lancashire and Cheshire Women's Textile and Other Workers' Representation Committee
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 27 Leeds: General
1906-1908
Box: 5 Folder : 28 Leeds Women's Suffrage Society
1906
Box: 5 Folder : 29 Liberal Organizations
undated , 1907-1909
Box: 5 Folder : 30 Liberal Women's Suffrage League
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 31 Manchester: General
undated , 1908-1910
Box: 5 Folder : 32 Men's League for Opposing Women's Suffrage
ca.1909
Box: 5 Folder : 33 Men's League for Women's Suffrage
1907-1909
Box: 5 Folder : 34 Men's suffrage organizations
undated , 1909-1911
Box: 5 Folder : 35 Merseles, Theodore F.
1929
Box: 5 Folder : 36 National Committee to Promote the Break Up of the Poor Law
1910
Box: 5 Folder : 37 National Union of Societies for Equal Citizenship
1923
Box: 5 Folder : 38 National Union of Women Workers
1908
Box: 5 Folder : 39 National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies
undated , 1909
Box: 5 Folder : 40 Nearing, Scott
1916 , 1931
Box: 5 Folder : 41 New Freewoman
1913
Box: 5 Folder : 42 New School for Social Research
1930-1932
Box: 5 Folder : 43 New York, Journey to: MG
1915-1916
Box: 5 Folder : 44 New York State Woman Suffrage Party
1916
Box: 5 Folder : 45 North of England Society for Women's Suffrage
1908-1909
Box: 5 Folder : 46 Old Time Players
1929
Box: 5 Folder : 47 Pankhurst and Pethick-Lawrence Trial: Clippings
1912
Box: 5 Folder : 48 Pankhurst, Sylvia
undated , 1931-1932
Box: 5 Folder : 49 Pankhurst, Sylvia: The Suffragette Movement
undated , 1931 , 1936
Box: 5 Folder : 50 Pankhurst, Sylvia: The Suffragette MovementCorrespondence
1931-1932
Box: 5 Folder : 51 Pankhurst, Sylvia: Woodford Nursery School Committee
1930
Box: 5 Folder : 52 Pankhursts: Clippings
undated , 1925-1932
Box: 5 Folder : 53 Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons
1910
Box: 5 Folder : 54 Russells: Clippings
undated , 1914
Box: 5 Folder : 55 Sanders, John, Jr.: Condolence Cards
1963
Box: 5 Folder : 56 Sanders, John, Jr.: Condolence Letters
1963
Box: 5 Folder : 57 Sanders, John, Jr.: General
1921-1922 , 1934
Box: 5 Folder : 58 Scott, Charles Prestwich
1929-1932
Box: 5 Folder : 59 Shaw, George Bernard
1909 , 1931
Box: 5 Folder : 60 Sims, George R.: "The Cry of the Children" (Tribune Extras Pamphlet)
undated
Box: 5 Folder : 61 Speaking Engagements: MG
1907-1910 , 1919
Box: 5 Folder : 62 Suffragette Fellowship
1932 , 1968-1972
Box: 6 Folder : 1 Suffragette Split: Clippings
1912
Box: 6 Folder : 2 Suffragists' Vigilance League
1909
Box: 6 Folder : 3 Sweated Industries Exhibition
1906
Box: 6 Folder : 4 Union Francaise Pour le Suffrage des Femmes
1909
Box: 6 Folder : 5 Upward, Allen
1910 , 1926
Box: 6 Folder : 6 Votes for Women
1909
Box: 6 Folder : 7 War Resisters' International
1926
Box: 6 Folder : 8 Webb, Sidney and Beatrice: Course of Lectures
1910-1911
Box: 6 Folder : 9 Women Writers' Suffrage League
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 10 Women's Freedom League
1907-1909
Box: 6 Folder : 11 Women's International Matteotti Committee
1932-1933
Box: 6 Folder : 12 Women's Labor League
1905-1906
Box: 6 Folder : 13 Women's National Anti-Suffrage League
1908
Box: 6 Folder : 14 Women's Social and Political Union, Aberdeen
1908
Box: 6 Folder : 15 Women's Social and Political Union, Birmingham
undated , 1910
Box: 6 Folder : 16 Women's Social and Political Union, Bradford
undated , 1908
Box: 6 Folder : 17 Women's Social and Political Union, Dundee
1908
Box: 6 Folder : 18 Women's Social and Political Union, Glasgow
1910
Box: 6 Folder : 19 Women's Social and Political Union, Kensington
1907-1911
Box: 6 Folder : 20 Women's Social and Political Union, Lambeth
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 21 Women's Social and Political Union, Leeds
undated , 1907-1908
Box: 6 Folder : 22 Women's Social and Political Union, Liverpool
1909
Box: 6 Folder : 23 Women's Social and Political Union, Manchester
undated , 1908-1910
Box: 6 Folder : 24 Women's Social and Political Union, National
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 25 Women's Social and Political Union, National
1906-1907
Box: 6 Folder : 26 Women's Social and Political Union, National
1907-1908
Box: 6 Folder : 27 Women's Social and Political Union, National: Leaflets
1909
Box: 6 Folder : 28 Women's Social and Political Union, National: Women's Exhibition
1909
Box: 6 Folder : 29 Women's Social and Political Union, National
1910-1911
Box: 6 Folder : 30 Women's Social and Political Union, Preston
1908-1909
Box: 6 Folder : 31 Women's Social and Political Union, Rawtenstall
1908
Box: 6 Folder : 32 Women's Social and Political Union, Scottish
1908
Box: 6 Folder : 33 Women's Social and Political Union, Southport
1908-1910
Box: 6 Folder : 34 Women's Social and Political Union, Wimbledon
1908-1911
Box: 6 Folder : 35 Women's Suffrage: Clippings
undated , 1908-1975
Box: 6 Folder : 36 Women's Suffrage: Leaflets
undated , 1906-1911
Box: 6 Folder : 37 Women's Suffrage: Pamphlets
undated , 1906-1914
Box: 6 Folder : 38 Women's Suffrage: United States
1916
Box: 6 Folder : 39 Women's Suffrage Crisis: Clippings
1913
Box: 6 Folder : 40 Women's Suffrage Society: Blackpool and Fylde
1909
Box: 6 Folder : 41 Writings: MG
1908 , 1912

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Series IV: Educational Materials and Notes, circa 1890-1932

Scope and Content Note

This series covers Gawthorpe's training and career as a teacher from 1898 to 1904, her notes and travels during 1914 through 1916 following the end of her involvement in the WSPU, and her study materials from 1916 when she arrived in the United States.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 6 Folder : 42 Course Materials: London and Northern Tutorial College
circa 1890
Box: 6 Folder : 43 Italy: Notes and Materials
1914-1915
Box: 6 Folder : 44 Notes: Miscellaneous
undated
Box: 6 Folder : 45 Regulations for the Training of Teachers
1913
Box: 6 Folder : 46-47 Secretarial Training: Kensington College
1915
Box: 6 Folder : 48 Sketchbooks
undated, 1932
Box: 6 Folder : 49 Study Notes: History of the United States
1916
Box: 6 Folder : 50 Teaching Materials
1899
Box: 6 Folder : 51 Teaching Materials: Cockburn School
circa 1899
Box: 6 Folder : 52 Teaching Materials: Elementary Syllabus
1903-1904
Box: 6 Folder : 53 Teaching Materials: Leeds School Board
1898
Box: 6 Folder : 54 University of Kansas
1916

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Series V: Postcards, 1903-1970

Arrangement

Postcards from Garrs to Gawthorpe's mother are filed chronologically in the General section.

Scope and Content Note

This series contains postcards received and/or collected by Gawthorpe. The series is divided into two sections, Suffrage and General. Of note in this series is the only material in the collection that reflects Gawthorpe's relationship with Tom Garrs.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 7 Folder : 1 Postcard Binder 1: Suffrage and General
1903-1917, undated
Box: 7 Folder : 2 Postcard Binder 2: General
1907-1911
Box: 7 Folder : 3 Postcard Binder 3: General
1912-1931
Box: 7 Folder : 4 Postcard Binder 4: General
1931-1970

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Series VI: Photographs, Graphic Materials, and Artifacts, 1900-circa 1950s

Scope and Content Note

This series contains photographs, negatives, graphic materials, and artifacts, many of which are personal in nature. The photographs are mostly images of Gawthorpe, her family and friends, and a variety of buildings, landmarks, and landscapes, taken during various vacations and trips. Most photographs originate from albums presumably created by Gawthorpe and have descriptive information written on the back (the negatives from these albums are also included). To a lesser extent, the photographic materials depict British suffragette leaders and lesser-known suffragists wearing clothing with pro-suffrage slogans or otherwise engaged in activities in support of the movement.

Graphic materials consist of oversize programs, flyers, and leaflets related to the suffrage movement. An article on the forcible feeding of suffrage prisoners is also included. Other graphic materials include reproductive prints of religious scenes and various other subjects.

Most of the artifacts are personal effects, including tarot cards, a calling card case, a cigarette holder, an engraved fountain pen, human hair (likely Gawthorpe's), and other items. However, there is also an apron with a pro-suffrage slogan and other artifacts from the women's suffrage movement.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 9 Artifacts: Case, Mirror, Pen, and Tarot Cards
circa 1957, undated
Box: 10 Artifacts: Gloves, Ribbon, and "Self Denial" Sash
1906, undated
Box: 11 Artifacts: "Self Denial" Sash
undated
Box: 9 Birthday Card
undated
Box: A004 Folder : 1 Gawthorpe Family and Extended Family
1906-1931, undated
Box: A004 Folder : 2 Gawthorpe, Mary
1900-1921, undated
Box: MSOS002 Folder : 1 Gawthorpe Reception at Tamiment Library
2004
Box: A004 Folder : 3 Gawthorpe-Sanders Home, Whitestone Landing (Long Island, NY)
1921
Box: A004 Folder : 4 General/Unidentified
1916-1925, undated
Box: A004 Folder : 5 General/Unidentified (includes Victor Grayson)
1902-1914, undated
Box: A004 Folder : 6 Graphic Materials: General
1909, undated
Box: A004 Folder : 7 Pankhurst, Emmeline and Christabel, Sylvia and Richard
1931, undated
Box: MSXOS001 Printed Ephemera
1907-1931, undated
Box: MSOS002 Folder : 2 Printed Ephemera: Suffrage
1907-1912
Flat-File-Folder: 8 Printed Ephemera: Suffrage
1908-1912, undated
Box: 8 Photograph Albums (with Negatives)
circa 1930s-1950s
Box: A004 Folder : 8 Suffrage, General (includes Elizabeth Robbins and Charlotte Despard)
1908-1917, undated

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