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Guide to the Neil Sih Typescript "Five Years of the Left Opposition in China" TAM.303

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Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Peter Filardo

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 14, 2018
Description is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Title: Neil Sih Typescript "Five Years of the Left Opposition in China"
Dates [inclusive]: 1934
Abstract: Consists of an unpublished typescript titled "Five Years of the Left Opposition in China: An Attempt to Explain Its Failure to Make Progress," by Neil Sih, a Chinese Communist who became active in the (Trotskyist) Left Opposition in China.
Quantity: 0.25 Linear Feet in 1 manuscript box
Mixed Materials [Box]: 1
Call Phrase: TAM.303

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Historical/Biographical Note

Niel Sih was a Chinese Communist who became active in the Trotskyist Left Opposition in China. Born as Liu Renjing, he took the pseudonym of Neil Sih, which he claimed was given to him by Leon Trotsky. As a member of the Left Opposition, Sih was a staunch opponent of Chen Dixiu, then the de facto leader of the movement, whom Sih may have seen as an obstacle to his own succession in party leadership. Critical of the ruling party of China, The Kuomintang, Sih was jailed and tortured. In March 1937, four months prior to his scheduled discharge, Sih was released from prison after aligning himself with the Kuomintang. As a result, he was expelled from the Left Opposition, and later joined the Publicity Section of the National Military Council of the Kuomintang.

Sources:

  • Revolutionary History, Vol. 2, no. 4 (Spring 1990), "The Tragedy of the Chinese Revolution."

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Scope and Content Note

Consists of an unpublished typescript, Five Years of the Left Opposition in China: An Attempt to Explain Its Failure to Make Progress(1934), 124 leaves (carbon-copy).

Table of Contents: I. Introductory (1-7); II. Differences in Interpretation of the Slogan of the National Assembly (8-20); III. On the Character of the Third Chinese Revolution (21-39); IV. On the Role of Imperialism and Feudal Survivals in Chinese Economy (40-50); V. On the Question of Relations with the Bourgeoisie (51-66); VI. On the Estimation of the Present Situation and Questions Concerning Our Tactics (67-106); VII. The Trade Union Movement, the "Red Armies" and the Student Movement (107-111); VIII. Experience of Five Years of Practical Work, Internal Organizational Questions and Conclusions (112-114); Appendix: The Present Situation and Our Tasks: Translated Text of Political Resolution of the Standing Committee of the Chinese Left Opposition, Adopted on February 10, 1932 (115-124).

Arrangement

Organized into 1 series:

Missing Title

  1. I, Manuscript

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Sih, Niel.
  • Cowl, Carl

Document Type

  • Typescripts.

Subject Organizations

  • Chinese Left Opposition
  • Zhongguo gong chan dang

Subject Topics

  • Trotskyism |z China |x History.
  • Communism -- China -x History.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (or related rights to publicity and privacy) for materials in this collection, created by Neil Sih, was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Neil Sih Typescript "Five Years of the Left Opposition in China"; TAM 303; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Due to the fragile nature of the original materials, researchers must use the photocopied version located in Folder 1.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Provenance unknown; most likely donated by Carl Cowl in circa 1993. The accession number associated with this collection is 1993.004.

Existence and Location of Originals

A photocopy of the manuscript is locatedin Folder 1.

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Container List

Series I: Manuscript

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 Five Years of the Left Opposition in China: An Attempt to Explain Its Failure to Make Progress(User photocopy)
1934
Box: 1 Folder : 2 Five Years of the Left Opposition in China: An Attempt to Explain Its Failure to Make Progress(Original carbon copy)
1934

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