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Guide to the Abbott Simon Papers TAM 346

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Peter Meyer Filardo and Deb Larsen, 2006

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on May 23, 2018
Description is in English. using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Descriptive Summary

Title: Abbott Simon Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1932-2002
Abstract: Abbott Simon, Esq., (1916-) was an activist in the American Student Union and chair of the American Youth Congress, in which capacity he met and corresponded with Eleanor Roosevelt. Simon was a peace activist in the latter 1940s and early 1950s, serving as executive director of the Peace Information Center, and also occupied a leadership position in the American Peace Crusade, both of which were chaired by W.E.B. Du Bois and opposed U.S. involvement in the Korean War. Simon also served on the board of the W.E.B. Du Bois Foundation. He later assisted Freda Diamond (1905-1998) in her dispute with Paul Robeson biographer Martin Duberman regarding her relationship to Robeson. The collection contains correspondence, including that with Shirley Graham Dubois, W.E.B. Dubois, and Eleanor Roosevelt; correspondence and other materials relating to Simon's military service during World War II; minutes, circulars, and other internal documents of the Peace Information Center, as well as documents of the American Student Union and the American Youth Congress, proceedings of the World Peace Congress (Washington, D.C., 1946); files relating to a 1964 Carnegie Hall memorial for W.E.B. Dubois, and for other projects relating to Du Bois's commemoration; and galleys and other materials relating to the disputes of Freda Diamond and Paul Robeson Jr. with Martin Duberman regarding his biography, Paul Robeson.
Quantity: 3 Linear Feet in 3 record cartons and 5 folders
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: TAM 346

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Historical/Biographical Note

Abbott Simon, Esq., was an activist in the American Student Union and chair of the American Youth Congress, in which capacity he met and corresponded with Eleanor Roosevelt. Simon was a peace activist in the latter 1940s and early 1950s, serving as executive director of the Peace Information Center and occupying a leadership position in the American Peace Crusade. Both organizations were chaired by W.E.B. Du Bois and opposed U.S. involvement in the Korean War. Simon later held a leadership role in the National Committee to Defend Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois and Associates, which was formed when Du Bois was charged with failing to register the Peace Information Center with the federal government. Simon also served on the board of the W.E.B. Du Bois Foundation. He later assisted Freda Diamond (1905-1998) in her dispute with Paul Robeson biographer Martin Duberman regarding her relationship to Robeson.

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Scope and Content Note

The collection contains correspondence, including that with Lloyd L. Brown, Angie Dickerson, Shirley Graham Du Bois, W.E.B. Du Bois, Esther Cooper Jackson, Howard (Stretch) Johnson, and Eleanor Roosevelt; correspondence and other materials relating to Simon's military service during World War II; minutes, circulars, and other internal documents of the Peace Information Center, as well as documents of the American Student Union and the American Youth Congress; proceedings of the World Peace Congress (Washington, D.C., 1946); files relating to a 1964 Carnegie Hall memorial for W.E.B. Du Bois, and for other projects relating to Du Bois's commemoration and to the custody and publication of his papers, including correspondence with Du Bois biographer David Levering Lewis; galleys and other materials relating to the disputes of Freda Diamond and Paul Robeson Jr. with Martin Duberman regarding his biography, Paul Robeson; and the typescript of an unpublished article by Simon, "No Basis for Hitler in the Factories."

Arrangement

Folders are arranged alphabetically.

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Access Points

Subject Names

  • Duberman, Martin B.
  • Simon, Abbott, 1916-
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962.
  • Lewis, David L.
  • Jackson, Esther Cooper
  • Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976
  • Diamond, Freda.
  • Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963
  • Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977.
  • Brown, Lloyd L. (Lloyd Louis), 1913-2003
  • Simon, Abigail

Document Type

  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Manuscripts for publication.
  • Correspondence.
  • Proceedings.
  • Printed ephemera.
  • Photographs.
  • Programs (documents).

Subject Organizations

  • American Peace Crusade
  • National Committee to Defend Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois and Associates in the Peace Information Center.
  • American Student Union
  • World Peace Congress
  • World Peace Council
  • Peace Information Center
  • W.E.B. Du Bois Foundation
  • American Youth Congress

Subject Topics

  • Freedom of speech -- United States.
  • Student movements -- United States.
  • Youth movements -- United States.
  • Peace movements -- United States.
  • Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Protest movements.
  • African American communists.
  • Communism -- United States.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open without restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Any rights (including copyright and related rights to publicity and privacy) held by Abigail Simon, Abbott Simon's heir, were transferred to New York University in 2005. Permission to publish or reproduce materials in this collection must be secured from the Tamiment Library.

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date; Abbott Simon Papers; TAM 346; Box number; Folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Related Archival Materials at the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Archives

American Youth Congress Records (TAM 553)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Abigail Simon in 2005. Two folders of biographical materials related to Richard Morford were added to this collection in 2006. The accession number associated with this collection are 2005.005, 2005.012, 2006.027, and NPA.2006.043.

Processing Information

Photographs were separated from this collection during initial processing and were established as a separate collection, the Abbott Simon Photographs (PHOTOS 220). In 2013, the photograph collection was reincorporated into the Abbott Simon Papers (TAM 346). A biographical typescript on Revered Richard Morford was separated from this collection during initial processing and established as a separate collection, the Richard Morford Biographical Manuscripts (TAM 360). In 2013, the manuscript was reincorpoated into the Abbott Simon Papers (TAM 346). In 2006, a button from the National Committee to Reopen the Rosenberg Case was donated with the Abbott Simon Photographs but placed in the Tamiment Button Collection (BUTTONS 1). This button was returned to the Abbott Simon Papers in February 2014.

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Container List

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Folder : 1 American Peace Crusade
1951-1953
Box: 1 Folder : 2 American Student Union
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 2 American Youth Congress
1937-1941
Box: 1 Folder : 4 Biographical and Memorabilia
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 5 British Peace Committee
May 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 6 Bulletin du Comite' Italien
Mar 1951
Box: 1 Folder : 7 Business Proposals / Ventures
Mar 1953
Box: 1 Button: National Committee to Reopen the Rosenberg Case
undated
Box: 1 Folder : 8 China Welfare Appeal, Inc.
Sep 1950
Box: 1 Folder : 9 Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 10 Committee of the World Congress of the Defenders of Peace
1950
Box: 1 Folder : 11 Correspondence: Brown, Lloyd (re Robeson)
Oct 30, 1997
Box: 1 Folder : 12 Correspondence: Center for Constitutional Rights
Apr 1974-Mar 1977
Box: 1 Folder : 13 Correspondence: Dickerson, Angie (re William Patterson Foundation)
1977-1978
Box: 1 Folder : 14 Correspondence: Du Bois, Shirley Graham
Jul 1953-Mar 1976
Box: 1 Folder : 15 Correspondence: Du Bois, W.E.B.
Oct 1950-Feb 1963
Box: 1 Folder : 16 Correspondence: Family
1963-1997
Box: 1 Folder : 17 Correspondence: Jackson, Esther
1991 , 2000
Box: 1 Folder : 18 Correspondence: Johnson, Howard (Stretch)
1993
Box: 1 Folder : 19 Correspondence: Military
Mar 1943-Nov 1945
Box: 1 Folder : 20 Correspondence: Roosevelt, Eleanor
Dec 1938-May 1940
Box: 1 Folder : 21 Correspondence: Simon, Abbott
Jan 1939-Apr 2002
Box: 1 Folder : 22 Correspondence: Travis, Helen
1993 , 1994
Box: 1 Folder : 23 Diammond, Freda: re Duberman Biography of Paul Robeson
Undated
Box: 1 Folder : 24 DRUM (U. Mass): re Du Bois
1980
Box: 1 Folder : 25 Du Bois, David
1978 , 1996
Box: 1 Folder : 26 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Anniversaries
Jun 1952-Apr 2002
Box: 1 Folder : 27 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Articles about
Aug 1963-1995
Box: 1 Folder : 28 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Carnegie Hall Memorial Contract
Nov 1963-Feb 1964
Box: 1 Folder : 29 Du Bois W.E.B.: Carnegie Hall Memorial (2/23/1964) Correspondence
Oct 1963-Mar 1964 , 1993
Box: 1 Folder : 30 Du Bois W.E.B.: Carnegie Hall Memorial (2/23/1964) General/Planning/Miscellaneous
Dec 1963-Sep 1993
Box: 1 Folder : 31 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Carnegie Hall Memorial Speeches
Feb 1964
Box: 1 Folder : 32 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Commemorative Stamp Sheet
Jan 1992
Box: 1 Folder : 33 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Film Project
Aug 1996-Mar 1997
Box: 1 Folder : 34 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Foundation
Apr 1963-Jun 1998
Box: 1 Folder : 35 Du Bois, W.E.B.: D.L. Lewis
Dec 1986-Jul 2002
Box: 1 Folder : 36 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Memorial Centre for Pan African Culture
Dec 1991-Aug 1992
Box: 1 Folder : 37 Du Bois, W.E.B. On the World Wide Web
Feb 1997
Box: 1 Folder : 38 Du Bois, W.E.B.: "The Passions of Alan Locke"
Jun 1954
Box: A 002 Folder : 1 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Photographs
1950-1973, undated
Box: 1 Folder : 39 Du Bois, W.E.B.: Speeches, re Peace
1900-1951
Box: 1 Folder : 40 Du Bois, W.E.B.: University of Massachusetts
Feb 1966-Feb 1976
Box: 1 Folder : 41 Du Bois, W.E.B.: University of Massachusetts, Papers, etc.
Oct 1973-Sep 1980
Box: 1 Folder : 42 Emergency Civil Liberties Committee
Oct 1953
Box: 1 Folder : 43 Higbee, Mark: "W.E.B. Du Bois and the Politics of Liberation, 1917-1963" (Part One of preliminary version of PhD. dissertation)
1995
Box: 2 Folder : 1 Higbee, Mark: "W.E.B. Du Bois and the Politics of Liberation, 1917-1963" (Part Two of preliminary version of PhD. dissertation)
1995
Box: 2 Folder : 2 Hutson, Frances Aileen: Memorial Service
1985
Box: 2 Folder : 3 Illinois Peace Assembly (American Peace Crusade)
1950-1952
Box: 2 Folder : 4 Israel, David [re Dinse]
Sep 1974-Sep 1975
Box: 2 Folder : 5 Kansas City Peace Committee
Dec 1951-Jan 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 6 Lightfoot [Claude] Case
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 7 Lil Landau Memorial Fund
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 8 Marcantonio, Vito: Memorial Scholarship Fund
Nov 1954-Feb 1955
Box: 2 Folder : 9 Military Service WWII
Apr 1941-Dec 1942
Box: A 002 Folder : 2 Military Service: Photographs
undated
Box: 3 Folder : 22-23 Morford, Richard: Biographical Manuscript
1984-1986
Box: 2 Folder : 10 Moss, Elizabeth, 1890-1984: A Memorial
Jan 1984
Box: 2 Folder : 11 National Committee to Defend Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois and Associates in the Peace Information Center
1951
Box: 2 Folder : 12 National Committee to Re-open the Rosenberg Case
Jun 1953-Feb 1997
Box: 2 Folder : 13 National Committee to Repeal the McCarren Act
May 1963
Box: 2 Folder : 14 National Delegates Assembly for Peace
Feb 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 15 New York Labor Conference for Peace
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 16 Newmark, Milton J.: "Struggle" (typescript 37 pp)
Jan 1997
Box: 2 Folder : 17 Peace Activism (Korean War, Nuclear Weapons)
Aug 1950-Mar 1953
Box: 2 Folder : 18 Peace Information Center
1950
Box: 2 Folder : 19 Peace Information Center: Circulars
1950
Box: 2 Folder : 20 Peace Information Center: Correspondence (W.E.B. Du Bois, E. Moos, etc.)
1950
Box: 2 Folder : 21 Peace Information Center: Minutes
1950
Box: 2 Folder : 22 Peace Information Center: Organization Letters (2-11)
1950
Box: 2 Folder : 23 Peace Information Center: Press Releases
1950
Box: 2 Folder : 24 Peace Referendum (Korean War)
Undated , 1952
Box: 2 Folder : 25 Peace-Gram (Peace Information Center)
May 1950-Jun 1950
Box: 2 Folder : 26 Paul Robeson Archives
1974-1976
Box: 2 Folder : 27 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Corrections of Chapters 20-26 of Revised Galleys Pages with References to "Freda Galley Only"
ca.1988
Box: 2 Folder : 28 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Galleys with Freda Diamonds Corrections, Chapters 1-9, pp.1-324
ca.1988
Box: 2 Folder : 29 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Galleys with Freda Diamond's Corrections, Chapters 22-26, Notes, etc, pp. 808-1302
ca.1988
Box: 2 Folder : 30 Robeson: Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Galleys with Freda Diamond's Corrections, Chapters 10-21
ca.1988
Box: 2 Folder : 31 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Partial Galleys with Comments [Freda Diamond, References, etc]
May 1988 , Sep 1988
Box: 2 Folder : 32 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Partial Typescript and Galleys with Comments by Simon
ca. 1988
Box: 2 Folder : 33 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Review by Gerald Horne (Peoples Daily World)
Mar 30, 1989
Box: 2 Folder : 34 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Transcript of Duberman- Simon Interview, 43 pp.
1982
Box: 2 Folder : 35 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Typescript Chapters 26 and 27 with Notes by an Unknown (Simon? Diamond? Other?)
ca.1988
Box: 2 Folder : 36 Robeson: Paul Robeson (Duberman): Typescript (Partial) and Comments, Various
Undated
Box: 2 Folder : 37 Paul Robeson Foundation
Nov 1998
Box: 2 Folder : 38 Robeson, David Paul: Funeral
1998
Box: 2 Folder : 39 Robeson, Paul: Clippings and Articles about
1943-1984
Box: 2 Folder : 40 Robeson, Paul: Salute 1973
1963-1976
Box: 2 Folder : 41 Robeson, Paul, Jr.: Freda Diamond
Jun 1987
Box: 3 Folder : 1 Roosevelt Memorial in the Philippines
May 1945
Box: 3 Folder : 2 Rosenberg Case
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 3 Rosenberg Case: Memorial Writings
1985
Box: 3 Folder : 4 Rosenberg Case: Translation of Paris Discussion
Nov 1996-Jul 1997
Box: 3 Folder : 5 Rosenberg Era Art Project
Jun 1989
Box: 3 Folder : 6 Rosenberg, Michael: Guardianship
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 7 Rosenberg, Susan: "Celebrating the Freedom of"
Feb 2001
Box: 3 Folder : 8 Stockholm Petition
1950-1951
Box: 3 Folder : 9 Scrapbook: Personal and Political
1932 , Undated
Box: A 002 Folder : 3 Scrapbook Photographs: Personal and Political
undated
Box: A 002 Folder : 4 Simon, Abbott: Photographs
circa 1940s, 1970s, undated
Box: 3 Folder : 10 U.S. Senate: Subcommittee of the Committee on Education and Labor, S.1463 (Vocational Guidance) Including Simon Statement pp.730-end
1938
Box: 3 Folder : 11 VIDAS Un Drama de Postguerra en dos Actos
1979
Box: 3 Folder : 12 Women in Prison Film Proposal
1974
Box: 3 Folder : 13 World Peace Appeal
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 14 World Peace Congress
1949-1950
Box: 3 Folder : 15 World Peace Congress (2nd. 1950: Warsaw, Poland)
Sep 1950-Dec 1950
Box: 3 Folder : 16 World Peace Congress (2nd. 1950: Warsaw, Poland)
Nov 1950-Oct 1951
Box: 3 Folder : 17 World Peace Congress (Washington, DC, 1946) Vol.1
1946
Box: 3 Folder : 18 World Peace Congress (Washington, DC 1946) Vol. 2
1946
Box: 3 Folder : 19 World Peace Council
Jan 1951-Jul 1952
Box: A 002 Folder : 5 World War II: Photographs
circa 1940s
Box: 3 Folder : 20 Writings: Lutheran Hymns (student paper)
Undated
Box: 3 Folder : 21 Writings: "No Basis for Hitler in the Factories"
Undated

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