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Guide to the James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Papers TAM.347

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
2nd Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2596

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Peter Meyer Filardo and Aniko Szucs, 2006

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on February 16, 2023
Finding aid is in English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Jasmine Larkin added Series XVI: Separated Materials, Box 30, to the finding aid.  Updated by Megan O'Shea to prepare one item for a move to offsite art storage in winter 2017 Updated by Rachel Searcy to reflect 2018 accretions Updated by Rachel Searcy to reflect 2019 accretions found in repository Updated by Rachel Mahre to state some audio materials have been digitized and are accessible to patrons  , June 2017 , November 2017 , December 2018 , February 2019 , February 2023

Descriptive Summary

Creator - dnr: Jackson, James E., 1914-2007
Creator - dnr: Jackson, Esther Cooper
Title: James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Papers
Dates [inclusive]: 1917-2018
Dates [bulk]: 1937-1992
Abstract: James E. Jackson (1914-2007) and Esther Cooper Jackson (1917- ) are African American communists and civil rights activists, best known for their role in founding and leading the Southern Negro Youth Congress (1937-48). James Jackson was head of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) Louisiana state organization in 1946, and was a Party organizer in the automobile industry in Detroit from 1947-50. He then moved to New York, becoming the Southern Director for the Communist Party. In 1951 he was indicted under the Smith Act, and became a fugitive until 1955. He later served as the Communist Party's Educational Director and as International Affairs Secretary, retiring in 1991. Esther Cooper Jackson served as Executive Secretary of the Southern Negro Congress from 1942-1946. She also co-founded and served as the managing editor from 1961-86 of Freedomways, an influential African American political and cultural quarterly. The papers contain clippings of articles by and about Jackson; correspondence of both Esther Cooper and James E. Jackson, including the Jacksons' voluminous World War II correspondence with each other; James Jackson's lectures, research notebooks, speeches, and writings and subject files. Also included are correspondence, internal documents and printed ephemera pertaining to the Southern Negro Youth Congress, and to  Freedomways, legal and other materials pertaining to the Smith Act indictments of James Jackson and other communists as well as Communist Party internal documents.
Quantity: 37.50 Linear Feet in 26 record cartons, 5 manuscript boxes, 1 half manuscript box, 6 oversize flat boxes, 1 small flat box, 1 small box, and 2 flat file folders
Quantity: 10 sound tape reels
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: TAM.347