Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives logo

Guide to the Center for Constitutional Rights Records TAM.589

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
2nd Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2596
special.collections@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Rachel Searcy

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on January 24, 2023 using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Edited by Nicole Greenhouse to reflect additional administrative information and added archived websites Edited by Rachel Mahre to reflect that audio materials are digitized and accessible to patrons  , February 2022 , September 2022

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Center for Constitutional Rights (New York, N.Y.)
Title: Center for Constitutional Rights Records
Dates [inclusive]: 1959-2010
Abstract: The Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) is a non-profit legal advocacy organization based in New York City. The Center was initially established to provide legal services and financial support to lawyers representing civil rights movement activists in Mississippi, but has since broaded its focus to civil liberties and human rights activism and litigation more generally. This unprocessed collection of records created or collected by CCR consists of correspondence, political ephemera, newspaper clippings, websites, research files, and legal documents, including briefs, motions, and trial transcripts documenting the organization's legal advocacy.
Quantity: 240.5 Linear Feet in 234 record cartons and 13 manuscript boxes
Quantity: 6 websites in 6 archived websites.
Location: Materials in this collection are stored offsite and advance notice is required for their use. Please contact special.collections@nyu.edu at least two business days prior to visiting the library.
Language: Materials are in English.
Call Phrase: TAM.589

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Historical/Biographical Note

The Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) is a non-profit legal advocacy organization based on New York City. It was founded in 1966 by civil rights lawyers and legal activists, including William Kuntsler, Morton Stavis, Arthur Kinoy, and Ben Smith. The Center was initially established to provide legal services and financial support to lawyers representing civil rights movement activists in Mississippi. Since then, CCR has broadened its focus to civil liberties and human rights activism and litigation more generally, providing legal assistance to a variety of clients, including Guantanamo Bay detainment camp prisoners and victims of racial profiling in the wake of 9/11.

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Scope and Content Note

This unprocessed collection of records created or collected by the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) consists of correspondence, political ephemera, newspaper clippings, websites, research files, audiovisual and digital media, and legal documents, including briefs, motions, and trial transcripts documenting the organization's legal advocacy.

Arrangement

This collection has not been arranged by an archivist. The order in which these materials were sent to the Tamiment Library has been maintained.

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Access Points

Subject Topics

  • Civil rights -- United States.
  • Legal services -- New York (State) -- New York.
  • Lawyers -- Political activity.
  • Civil rights -- New York (State) -- New York.

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Administrative Information

Conditions Governing Access

Materials are open to researchers with the exception of restricted materials. Restricted materials in this collection include those protected by attorney-client privilege and/or containing personally identifiable information. Restricted materials are located in the following boxes: 67, 143, 174, 179-183, 185-246.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright (and related rights to publicity and privacy) to materials in this collection, created by the Center for Constitutional Rights, was not transferred to New York University. Permission to use materials must be secured from the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Identification of item, date; Center for Constitutional Rights Records; TAM 589; box number; folder number; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

To cite the archived website in this collection: Identification of item, date; Center for Constitutional Rights Records; TAM 589; Wayback URL; Repository Name, New York University.

Related Archival Materials

National Lawyers Guild Records (TAM 191)

Victor Rabinowitz Papers (TAM 123)

Audiovisual Access Policies and Procedures

Access to audiovisual materials in this collection is available through digitized access copies. Researchers may view an item's original container, but the media themselves are not available for playback because of preservation concerns. Materials that have already been digitized are noted in the collection's finding aid and can be requested in our reading room. To request an access copy, or if you are unsure if an item has been digitized, please contact special.collections@nyu.edu with the collection name, collection number, and a description of the item(s) requested. A staff member will respond to you with further information.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Materials were transferred from New York Public Library's Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in 2012; additional materials were also donated in 2012.

http://www.ccr-ny.org/v2/home.asp was initially selected by curators and captured through the use of The California Digital Library's Web Archiving Service in 2007 as part of the Other Left Activism Web Archive. http://www.ccrjustice.org/ was added in 2008. http://ccrjustice.org/cases-issue was added in 2009 as part of the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp & War Crimes (U.S.) Web Archive. https://ccrjustice.org/home/what-we-do/active-cases was added in 2015. In 2015, these website were migrated to Archive-It. Archive-It uses web crawling technology to capture websites at a scheduled time and displays only an archived copy, from the resulting WARC file, of the website. In 2020, https://www.alecattacks.org/ was added to the Other Left Activism Web Archive. The accession number associated with this website is 2020.032. In December 2020, https://www.foiabasics.org/ was added. The accession number associated with this website is 2021.059. In September 2021, https://docs.google.com/document/d/176Yds1p63Q3iaKilw0luChMzlJhODdiPvF2I4g9eIXo/edit was added. The accession number associated with this website is 2022.014.

Processing Information

This collection has not been arranged by an archivist. Box-level inventories have been imported to provide basic description of the materials.

The box level inventory for the Schomburg Accession in the Finding Aid does not include every legal case found in each box. Please consult the attached document for a complete inventory.

Media inventories may be incomplete.

In 2020 and 2021, additional web archiving descriptive and administrative information was added as well as additional websites to the collection.

Appraisal

Archived websites are made accessible for purposes of education and research. NYU Libraries have given attribution to rights holders when possible; however, due to the nature of archival collections, we are not always able to identify this information.

If you hold the rights to materials in our archived websites that are unattributed, please let us know so that we may maintain accurate information about these materials.

If you are a rights holder and are concerned that you have found material on this website for which you have not granted permission (or is not covered by a copyright exception under US copyright laws), you may request the removal of the material from our site by submitting a notice, with the elements described below, to the special.collections@nyu.edu.

Please include the following in your notice: Identification of the material that you believe to be infringing and information sufficient to permit us to locate the material; your contact information, such as an address, telephone number, and email address; a statement that you are the owner, or authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed and that you have a good-faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law; a statement that the information in the notification is accurate and made under penalty of perjury; and your physical or electronic signature. Upon receiving a notice that includes the details listed above, we will remove the allegedly infringing material from public view while we assess the issues identified in your notice.

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Container List

New York Public Library Schomburg Accession

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 1 Morton Sobell vs. US
1959-1967
Box: 2 Willie Seals
1960-1970
Box: 3 Willie Seals v. Alabama
1961
Box: 4 Council of Federated Organizations
1964
Box: 5 Kunstler-Kinoy
1964-1968
Box: 6 State of North Carolina vs. Mae Mallory, et al
1964-1967
Box: 7 Mississippi v. John Slater, Rupert Crawford, et al
1961-1965
Box: 8 Misc. Civil Rights cases
1964-1966
Box: 9 Miscellaneous Files
1964-1968
Box: 10 Miscellaneous Files (briefs, opinions, etc)
undated
Box: 11 Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Challenge
1965
Box: 12 Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Challenge
1965-1966
Box: 13 Jack Ruby
1965-1966
Box: 14 Fannie Lou Hamer v. Campbell
1966-1969
Box: 15 Miles v. Dixon
1966
Box: 16 #149 – Baines v. City of Danville
1966
Box: 17 #118: Stamler v. Willis
1965
Box: 18 H. Rap Brown Louisiana case
1967-1970
Box: 19 Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
undated
Box: 20 Fannie Lou Hamer v. Sam Ely
1967
Box: 21 U.S. v. Reies Lopez Tijerina
1967
Box: 22 U.S. v. Reies Lopez Tijerina
1967
Box: 23 Julius Hobson v. Civil Service Commission
1967
Box: 24 Hobson v. Hansen; Powell v. McCormack; Kinoy v. District of Columbia
undated
Box: 25 State of New Jersey vs. George Merritt, et al
1967-1980
Box: 26 New Jersey vs. Funicello
1967
Box: 27 Grand Jury Indictment of John P. Tillman, et al
1967
Box: 28 Frederick Brooks v. Nashville, Tennessee
1967
Box: 29 #169 – Floyd Nichols v. Vance
1967
Box: 30 #159 – Warren v. Grove
1968
Box: 31 H. Rap Brown
1968
Box: 32 Chicago Democratic National Convention
1968
Box: 33 US v. Dellinger
1968
Box: 34 US v. Dellinger
1968-1974
Box: 35 US v. Dellinger, et al
1968
Box: 36 US v. Dellinger, et al
1968
Box: 37 #271 – US v. Dellinger
1968
Box: 38 Anderson v. Sills
1968
Box: 39 Ocean Hill-Brownsville
1968-1969
Box: 40 Ocean Hill-Brownsville
1968-1969
Box: 41 Rev. C. Herbert Oliver v. Bernard Donovan, et al
1968
Box: 42 #241 – Irvin Lee "Jack" Dawkins v. William Green, et al
1968
Box: 43 State of New Jersey v. Brandon, Merritt, et al
1968
Box: 44 New Jersey v. Merritt
1968
Box: 45 #179 – Morris Grossner v. Columbia University
1968
Box: 46 #251 – US v. Berrigan, et al
1968
Box: 47 #7 – Lawrence Gay Liberation Movement vs. University of Kansas
1972
Box: 48 Ocean Hill-Brownsville
1968
Box: 49 I.S. 201 v. New York City Board of Education
1968
Box: 50 Jerry Rubin bureau file
1970
Box: 51 US v. Dellinger
1969
Box: 52 US v. Dellinger
1969
Box: 53 US v. Dellinger
1969
Box: 54 US v. Dellinger
1969
Box: 55 US v. Dellinger, et al
1969-1970
Box: 56 US v. Dellinger, et al
1969-1970
Box: 57 Dellinger v. Mitchell
1969-1970
Box: 58 US v. Dellinger
1969
Box: 59 In the matter of Dellinger
1969-1972, 1979-1980
Box: 60 US vs. George Jurich et al
1969
Box: 61 #239 – US v. Linda Forrest, Barbara Webster, et al, #240 - US v. Cotton, et al
1969
Box: 62 #227 – Texas v. Marjorie Haile, Mark Rudd, et al
1969
Box: 63 #252 – Wesley Freeman v. George Schultz, et al
1969
Box: 64 COINTELPRO:
undated
Box: 65 #260 – Katherin Czarnick v. Robert Morgenthau
1969-1970
Box: 66 Reies Lopez Tijerina
1967
Box: 67 Segall v. Jacobson - Some components RESTRICTED
undated
Box: 68 H. Rap Brown
1970
Box: 69 #299 - George Jackson v. California, #300 - US v. Maynard
1970
Box: 70 Eqbal Ahmad
1970
Box: 71 Liberation News Service v. James Eastland
1970
Box: 72 New Jersey vs. George Merritt
1970-1977
Box: 73 U.S. v. Dellinger, et al
1970
Box: 74 US v. Dellinger
1970-1973
Box: 75 #310 – Parents and Voters v. District 5 in Harlem
1970
Box: 76 #322 – Berrigan v. Norton, prison warden
1974
Box: 77 Ohio State University cases
1970
Box: 78 #1 – Frank W. Oliver v. Edwin Robson, et al
1970
Box: 79 #291-A – Jeffrey Segal vs. George Reed, et al, US Board of Parole
1970
Box: 80 #293 – US Servicemen's Fund v. James Eastland, et al
1970
Box: 81 Eqbal Ahmad, et al
1971
Box: 82 U.S. v. Ahmad, et al
1971
Box: 83 Attica
1971
Box: 84 Attica
1971-1972
Box: 85 H. Rap Brown v. USA
1972-1973
Box: 86 H. Rap Brown
1971-1976
Box: 87 People of New York v. Wallace Baker, Ronald Felder, William Craig and Walter Thomas
1971
Box: 88 Judge Bruce Wright v. Police Benevolent Association
1971
Box: 89 People v. Cruz
1971
Box: 90 Michael Ratner files
1971-1973
Box: 91 Monell v. Department of Social Services, New York
1971-1981
Box: 92 #339 – US v. Private Scott McNeil
1971
Box: 93 #261 – State of New York v. Preston Lay, et al
1971
Box: 94 #318 – U.S. Servicemen Fund v. Melvin Laird
1970-1971
Box: 95 Mildred F. Brown v. Richard Nixon, et al
1971
Box: 96 New York vs. John Hill and Charles Pernasilice
1972
Box: 97 US v. Eqbal Ahmad, et al
1972
Box: 98 U.S. vs. John Briggs, et al; Briggs v. Goodwin
1972-1973
Box: 99 "Gainesville 8"
1972
Box: 100 "Gainesville 8"
1972
Box: 101 VVAW
1972-1973
Box: 102 US v. Briggs, et al
1972
Box: 103 Wallace v. Kern
1972-1974
Box: 104 Wallace v. Kern
1972-1974
Box: 105 Wallace v. Kern
1972
Box: 106 Wallace v. Kern, et al
1972
Box: 107 Grand Jury indictment against Cobleskill demonstrators
1972
Box: 108 Kinoy vs. Mitchell
1975
Box: 109 #432 – US v. Delfin Ramos
1975-1976
Box: 110 US v. Jose Torres and Ruben Vega y Merced.
undated
Box: 111 WBAI-FM Grand Jury subpoena
1973
Box: 112 #354 – People v. Carlos Feliciano
1972
Box: 113 H. Rap Brown
1973
Box: 114 H. Rap Brown
1973
Box: 115 Wallace v. Kern
1973-1974
Box: 116 Wallace v. Kern
1973-1975
Box: 117 Wallace v. Kern
1973
Box: 118 Chicago 7 conspiracy case
1973
Box: 119 Chicago 7 conspiracy case
1973
Box: 120 Dellinger v. Mitchell
1973
Box: 121 VVAW
1973
Box: 122 Briggs v. Goodwin
1973
Box: 123 US vs. Briggs, Camil, et al
1973
Box: 124 Government of the Virgin Islands v. Beaumont Gereau, et al
1973
Box: 125 Virgin Islands v. Gereau, et al
1973
Box: 126 #404 – Philip and Daniel Berrigan v. Maurice Sigler, Chairman, US Board of Parole, et al
1973
Box: 127 #405 – Kathie Mae Andrews v. Drew Municipal School District
1973
Box: 128 U.S. v. Banks and Means
1974-1977
Box: 129 US v. Zimmerman
1974
Box: 130 Daniel Taylor v. Kentucky Bar Association
1974
Box: 131 Arthur F. Turco, Jr. vs. Monroe County Association
1974
Box: 132 Arthur Turco v. Monroe County Bar Association
1974
Box: 133 Willie Aikens v. I.W. Abel, et al
1974
Box: 134 #426 – U.S. v. Allegheny Ludlum Industries
1974-1976
Box: 135 #444-A – In Re Burns, et al (BLA Grand Jury)
1975
Box: 136 #425 – State of New York v. Danny White
1975-1979
Box: 137 Dellinger v. John Mitchell - Briefs
1975-1979
Box: 138 Grand Jury cases
1975
Box: 139 #463 – In the Matter of Phillip Shinnick
1976-1977
Box: 140 Nguyen Da Yen v. Kissinger et al
1975-1976
Box: 141 Nguyen Da Yen v. Henry Kissinger
1975-1979
Box: 142 Vietnam Babylift Operation
1976-1977
Box: 143 RESTRICTED - Vietnam Babylift Operation
1976-1977
Box: 144 Carmen Bruno v. Robert McGuire et al
1976
Box: 145 Carmen Bruno v. Michael Codd, NYPD
1976
Box: 146 Carmen Bruno v. Michael Codd, NYPD
1976
Box: 147 Cora McRae v. Joseph Califano
1976
Box: 148 Philip Kent Shinnick
1976-1977
Box: 149 Roysworth Grant v. Bethlehem Steel Corporation, et al
1976-1980
Box: 150 United States v. Union Nacional de Trabajadores
1976
Box: 151 Judith Clavir, Stewart Albert, William Kunstler and Margaret Ratner v. Clarence Kelly
1977
Box: 152 FBI File on William Kunstler.
undated
Box: 153 #501 – In the Matter of Jerry Paul
1977-1980
Box: 154 Middlesex County Ethics Committee v. Garden State Bar Association, et al
1978-1982
Box: 155 US v. Rosado
1978-1982
Box: 156 Cerro Maravilla Grand Jury case
1978
Box: 157 US v. Bonilla et al
1979
Box: 158 Hope Punnett v. Carter
1979
Box: 159 Hope Punnett v. Carter
1979
Box: 160 Briggs v. Goodwin
1979-1980
Box: 161 Briggs v. Goodwin
1979-1980
Box: 162 Briggs v. Goodwin
1979-1980
Box: 163 Briggs v. Goodwin
1979-1980
Box: 164 Briggs v. Goodwin
1979-1980
Box: 165 Briggs v. Goodwin
1979-1980
Box: 166 Cruz v. Alexander
1979-1980
Box: 167 Roysworth Grant v. Bethlehem Steel Corporation
1979
Box: 168 U.S. v. Dellinger
1979-1981
Box: 169 U.S. v. Dellinger, et al.
undated
Box: 170 US v. Dellinger, et al.
undated
Box: 171 State of New Jersey v. George Merritt, Jr.
1980
Box: 172 Julius Hobson v. Jerry Wilson, et al
1982
Box: 173 Julius Hobson v. Jerry Wilson, et al
1983
Box: 174 RESTRICTED - #278 – William Meacham v. Univ. of Texas Board of Regents
1969
Box: 175 Fannie Crumsey v. Justice Knights of the Ku Klux Klan
1980
Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 175 Audiocassette : cuid36395 William Church Press Conference

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Duration: 53 minutes

William Church Press Conference   https://aeon.library.nyu.edu/Logon?Action=10&Form=31&Value=http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/ead/tamwag/tam_589.xml&view=xml

1980
Box: 175 Audiocassette : cuid36855 Comp #31507 - Radiotape on 416 on E. 9th St.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Duration: 17 minutes

Comp #31507 - Radiotape on 416 on E. 9th St.   https://aeon.library.nyu.edu/Logon?Action=10&Form=31&Value=http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/ead/tamwag/tam_589.xml&view=xml

April 19, 1980
Box: 175 Audiocassette : cuid36856 Statement of Bill Church / Sgt. Kuykendall

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Duration: 8 minutes

Statement of Bill Church / Sgt. Kuykendall   https://aeon.library.nyu.edu/Logon?Action=10&Form=31&Value=http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/ead/tamwag/tam_589.xml&view=xml

April 19, 1980
Box: 175 Audiocassette : cuid36857 Statement of Larry Payne

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Duration: 22 minutes

Statement of Larry Payne   https://aeon.library.nyu.edu/Logon?Action=10&Form=31&Value=http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/ead/tamwag/tam_589.xml&view=xml

April 20, 1980
Box: 176 # 151 - Dombrowski v. Sourwine
1967
Box: 177 Smith v. University of Tennessee
1969
Box: 178 #383 - US v. Jose Torres Cruz and Ruben Alberta Vega y Merced.
undated
Box: 179 RESTRICTED FILES, Kunstler-Kinoy

Conditions Governing Access

Access to Box 179 is restricted.

1964-1970s
Box: 180 RESTRICTED - East NY Mental Health Clinic

Conditions Governing Access

Access to Box 180 is restricted.

1983
Box: 181 RESTRICTED - East New York Mental Health Clinic

Conditions Governing Access

Access to Box 181 is restricted.

1983
Box: 182 RESTRICTED - LAWYERS CORRESPONDENCE RE: MORTON SOBELL, ETC

Conditions Governing Access

Access to Box 182 is restricted.

undated
Box: 183 RESTRICTED - PATIENT RECORDS - East New York Mental Health Clinic

Conditions Governing Access

Access to Box 183 is restricted.

1983
Box: 184 US v. Dellinger
1969
Box: 247 Bobby Seale - Appeals case
1969

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Series: Archived Websites, February 2007-ongoing. 7 websites in 7 archived websites.

Center for Constitutional Rights Archived Website: May 2008-ongoing

[https://wayback.archive-it.org/6351/*/http://www.ccrjustice.org/]

Center for Constitutional Rights Archived Website: February 2007-March 2016

[https://wayback.archive-it.org/6351/*/http://www.ccr-ny.org/v2/home.asp]

Center for Constitutional Rights Cases: Illegal Detentions and Guantanamo Archived Website: September 2009-October 2017

[https://wayback.archive-it.org/6345/*/http://ccrjustice.org/cases-issue]

Center for Constitutional Rights Active Cases Archived Website: June 2015-ongoing

[https://wayback.archive-it.org/6345/*/https://ccrjustice.org/home/what-we-do/active-cases]

ALEC Attacks Archived Website: April 2020

[https://wayback.archive-it.org/6351/*/https://www.alecattacks.org/]

FOIA Basics for Activists Archived Website: December 2020

[https://wayback.archive-it.org/6351/*/https://www.foiabasics.org/]

If An Agent Knocks Archived Website: September 2021

[https://wayback.archive-it.org/6351/*/https://docs.google.com/document/d/176Yds1p63Q3iaKilw0luChMzlJhODdiPvF2I4g9eIXo/edit]

Scope and Content Note

Capture of the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) website began in 2007 at http://www.ccr-ny.org/v2/home.asp. The website contained news, press releases, pamphlets, and fact sheets from the organization. It also includes education and outreach information on police brutality, alternatives to incarceration, prison phone contract monopolies, reparations, and the Movement Support Resource Center. Their legal programs in 2007 focused on international human rights, government misconduct, racial and economic justice, September 11, Cuba travel ban, corporate accountability, and Guantánamo Bay. In 2008, the organization's URL changed to http://www.ccrjustice.org/. The website then included a legal glossary, their newsletter and press releases, press about CCR, and their legal docket on issues such as illegal dentention and Guantánamo, surveillance and attacks on dissent, criminal justice and mass incarceration, corporate human rights abuse, government abuse of power, racial, gender, and economic justice, and international law and accountability. In 2015, the website went through another redeisgn and expanded their case load to cases related to abusive immigration practices, corporate human rights abuses, criminalizing disset, discrimatory policiting, drone killings, government surveillance, Guantánamo Bay, LGBTQIA+ persecution, mass incarceration, Muslim profiling, Palestinian solidarity, racial injustice, sexual and gender-based violence, and torture, war crimes, and militarism. The website at the time also highlights the Bertha Justice Institute, an arm of CCR to support early career lawyers and legal workers. In 2015, they also launched their blog, the Daily Outrage. In 2018, CCR launched the Activist Files, a podcast that features stories of activists, lawyers, and artists fighting for justice. The website also shifted to highlighting more ways to get involved with CCR, through internships, fellowships, volunteering, job opportunities, events, fact sheets, reports, client profiles, testimony, and advocacy videos.

FOIA Basics for Activists is a resource guide created by the Center for Constitutional Rights to assist activists, organizers, and social movements in filing Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests to aid their ongoing campaigns and work. It is primarily focused on using FOIA to file requests with federal agencies like the FBI or Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). It also includes case studies annotated examples, as well as a PDF of the guide.

If An Agent Knocks is a pamphlet created by the Center for Constitutional Rights to to provide advice to activists likely to be targeted by FBI or other federal agents who have a history of targeting radical and progressive movements. This is the 2020 update to the original 1989 guide and includes more information for non-US citizens.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Due to technical or privacy issues, archived websites may not be exact copies of the original website at the time of the web crawl. Certain file types will not be captured dependent on how they are embedded in the site. Other parts of websites that the crawler has difficulty capturing includes Javascript, streaming content, database-driven content, and highly interactive content. Full-Text searches of archived websites are available at https://archive-it.org/organizations/567.

Accruals

New site crawls are accrued semiannually.

During 2020, crawls were increased to monthly accruals.

Appraisal

Robots.txt (a piece of code designed to limit crawler activity within a website) was ignored with the permission of the content owner.

Crawl was limited to domains and subdomains of ccrjustice.org in order to remain within the collection scope and data constraints.

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