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Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives logo

Guide to the Estela and Ernesto Bravo Film and Video Collection TAM.616

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Jan Hilley, with the assistance of Heather Mulliner

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on December 21, 2018
English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

 Edited by Heather Mulliner to include item-level description of 225 videos  , December 2018

Container List

Series VI: The Cuban Excludables, 1989-1997

Historical/Biographical Note

Estela and Ernesto Bravo filmed The Cuban Excludables after 1984 hearings, which granted the release of Cuban "excludable aliens" that had been indefinitely detained after serving prison sentences. The term "excludable alien" is a legal distinction that refers to immigrants or refugees who were not granted a path to citizenship because of criminal records. Approximately 2,500 of the Cubans who traveled to the United States during the Mariel Boatlift were given the "excludable" distinction and detained in American prisons. Estela and Ernesto Bravo interviewed detainees returning to Cuba and spoke with activists and attorneys involved in legal the battles.

In 1995, The Cuban Excludables won a Special Jury Prize at Cinefest, San Juan, Puerto Rico; and One World Award, Best Overseas Production on British TV, European Community BBC.

Scope and Content Note

This series contains full-length copies of The Cuban Excludables (1994), as well as interviews with a variety of individuals including US District Judge Marvin Shoob; Wayne Smith, former head the United States Interests Section in Havana; and Dennis (Denny) McLain, a former American baseball player who spent time in prison with the Cuban detainees. Other interviewees include lawyers and human rights activists, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and Coast Guard employees; correctional officers and other prison staff, and the detainees themselves, along with family members. Of particular interest are interviews with Dr. Bolivar Martineau, deputy warden and chief medical officer at the Atlanta Penitentiary where detainees were held. Interviews with Dr. Bolivar Martineau and Denny McLain were arranged and funded by 5th Estate Canadian Broadcasting System who used the footage for a period of time and then turned it over to the Bravos for their film.

In addition to the interviews, footage in this series contains news clips, footage from the prisons, interviews with the American families of some of the detainees, and scenes from Cuba, as the detainees arrived home and were reunited with their Cuban families. Walkiria Fernandez, an employee of the Cuban Ministry of the Interior, appears in many of the clips with the detainees once they arrive in Cuba. Some of the material is duplicative and there is large amount of background footage and shots of leaving and arriving planes.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 73 Dvd : 7, 8 The Cuban Excludables

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Content of these DVDs is born-digital. Advanced notice is required to access these materials.

1990
Box: 67 Cassette : ref945 (Videos [31142063166220]) The Cuban Excludables

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:57:00.

Scope and Content Note

This is a full-length feature of the film The Cuban Excludables.

1997
Box: 85 Dvd : ref945 (Access dvd)
Box: 61 Cassette : ref1390 The Cuban Excludables (from BFI)
1996 February 8
Box: 61 Cassette : ref1391 The Cuban Excludables (jca tv facilities) (from BFI)
1997
Box: 45 Cassette : ref970 The Cuban Excludables, with Spanish subtitles
1997
Box: 61 Cassette : ref971 The Cuban Excludables, Spanish
1997
Box: 48 Cassette : ref1095 (Videos) Excludables Arrival in Cuba

Scope and Contents

This video features brief interviews with Cuban detainees shortly after they were deported to Cuba. Several describe their experiences in the United States, discussing the prisons where they were held, experiences of racism, and difficulty of life in the US. For much of the video a woman speaks to the prisoners about how to rebuild their lives in Cuba. She explains that although they cannot return to their lives and families in the United State, they should try to adjust to living in Cuba as best as they can by reconnecting with family and finding work. Many of the prisoners can be seen crying and others are visibly distressed.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:12.

circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1095 (Access dvd)
Box: 12 Cassette : ref264 (Videos) Aruca, Francisco: Studio and Interview

Scope and Contents

This video begins with footage of Miami radio host Francisco Aruca speaking to callers on his radio program Ayer en Miami. The footage shows Aruca in his studio and then cuts to a brief interview. Aruca talks about reporting on the Cuban community in Miami, and how discussions about corruption in the community has angered many exiled Cubans in Miami. He also describes the difference between Cuban cultures in Miami and Havana, and explains the importance of maintaining a connection to Cuban culture for Cuban-Americans, notably through music. The end of the video features several news clips about the death of Jorge Mas Canosa, a leader among anti-Castro Cuban exiles in Miami. The final minutes of the video feature brief interview segments with Luis Ortega and Denny McLain.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:22:10.


circa 1990s
Box: 97 Dvd : ref264 (Access dvd)
Box: 12 Cassette : ref279 (Videos) Austin, Duke: Interview

Biographical Note

Duke Austin was a US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) officer.

Scope and Contents

This interview with Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) officer Duke Austin focuses on the deportation and detention of Cuban excludable immigrants. Austin begins by discussing the deportation process and addresses concerns about family members who were not notified when their relatives were deported back to Cuba. He also discusses and defends the policies that led to the detention of Cuban immigrants, and the type of people who the United States detained. Austin compares United States immigration policy for Cubans with its policy for other countries, and details the process by which a deported Cuban could petition to be readmitted to the United States.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:09.


circa 1990s
Box: 97 Dvd : ref279 (Access dvd)
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1135 Pablo and Guillermo (detainees)
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1106 (Videos) Gloria [wife of Pablo] and Jenny: Interview

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with two women whose husbands were deported following their detention by the US Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS). They both describe learning about their husbands' deportations only after they received a box of their belongings from the prison. They also describe the effect the deportations and separation have had on their families, and their fears that their husbands would be killed if they were returned to Cuba. They both express their desire to fight for their husbands return, and speak briefly about organizing efforts between other women whose husbands were deported.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:54.


1992 November 22
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1106 (Access dvd)
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1104 "Interview Pablo's Family-York, PA 11/22/92" and "Fifth Estate 11/29/92 Gloria"
1992 November 22, 1992 November 29
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1118 "Pablo - Final Salvador - Walkeria"
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1133 (Videos) Excludables "Pablo" and Orlando Sierra: Interview

Scope and Contents

This video features interviews between Linden McIntyre and two Cuban detainees who were deported to Cuba. The first, Pablo, speaks with McIntyre about how US prisons profited off of the government funds they received for holding Cuban excludable aliens. Later they discuss his family, and Pablo cries as he explains that he does not know if he will be able to see them again. The next interview features Orlando Sierra who describes the events that led to his detention by US immigration and the confusing legal process he went through before he was deported. He describes being arrested for several non-violent crimes in the 1980s, being detained by immigration in 1991, and not understanding why he was deported or flagged by immigration at that time.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:43.


circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1133 (Access dvd)
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1153 Ciello: Interview
1992 September 4
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1115 Ciello: Interview English and Spanish
1992 December 4
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1151 Ciello: Interview Miami
1992 December 4
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1094 Hovington, Doug: Interview (Captain of Guards, Atlanta Prison )
1992 December 1
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1147 Ketchel, Terry: Interview
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1127 Ketchel, Terry: Interview, Diner Shots
1992 November 27
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1120 (Videos) Leshaw, Gary: Interview

Historical/Biographical Note

Gary Leshaw was an attorney with the Atlanta Legal Aid Society who resented Cuban detainees at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with attorney Gary Leshaw. Leshaw begins with a discussion about Dr. Bolivar Martineau and his reputation the Atlanta Penitentiary. He then turns to a discussion about Judge Marvin Shoob and his work on behalf of the detainees. The interview includes and in-depth discussion about the significance of the term "excludable alien" and how if differs from "deportable aliens". It also includes an explanation of how the immigration status of the Mariel Cubans differed from the status of other Cuban immigrants who were granted refugee status. He also describes political fights over the status of the Mariel Cubans including comments by Rudy Giuliani, and his expectation for how the Clinton administration will handle the case.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:21.


circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1120 (Access dvd)
Box: 18 Cassette : ref397 (Videos) Leshaw, Gary: Interview

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with attorney Gary Leshaw. Leshaw begins by discussing how he came to represent Cuban detainees known as "excludables" through the organization Atlanta Legal Aid. He talks at length about the policy of US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) that led to the detention of these people, and his firm's attempts to obtain trails for the detainees. He later discusses attempts to end the detention of Cuban excludable aliens through legislation, but suggests that they did not have significant support from the Cuban community in the US to pass legislation in their favor. He ends the tape with a short discussion about Judge Marvin Shoob's attempts to secure due process for the detainees.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:13:17.


1992 November 28
Box: 97 Dvd : ref397 (Access dvd)
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1108 Leshaw, Gary: Interview "Riot-Why did it start? Families of the detainees-Corruption"
1992 November 28
Box: 61 Cassette : ref1139 Martineau, Bolivar
1992 November 28
Box: 90 Cassette : ref329 (Videos) Martineau, Bolivar: Interview

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:08:01.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref329 (Access dvd)
Box: 62 Cassette : ref1037 Martineau, Bolivar: Interview
circa 1990s
Box: 47 Cassette : ref1038 (Videos) Martineau, Bolivar: Interview

Scope and Contents

This interview with Dr. Bolivar Martineau begins with a discussion about the prison riots in the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in 1984 and 1987. He discusses how the riots affected prison staff and how relationships between staff who were taken hostage and those who were not changed after those events. He also describes some of the Mariel Cubans he worked with in the prison and discusses what he thinks will happen to many of them if they are deported to Cuba. The end of this interview features a lengthy discussion about prison tattoos and their meanings.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:54.

1992 November 28
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1038 (Access dvd)
Box: 10 Cassette : ref239 (Videos) Martineau, Bolivar: Interview (part 1)

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Dr. Bolivar Martineau. Dr. Martineau begins by describing how he became involved in treating Cuban detainees in American prisons. He describes his first experience working with detainees at the Fort Chaffee prison in Arkansas, and later at the U.S. Penitentiary in Atlanta. Martineau discusses riots by Cuban detainees in several prisons and the psychological disorders he witnessed in many of the detainees. He describes many detainees as having unclear diagnoses and unpredictable behavior, and recounts the story of one detainee who committed suicide while in custody. At the end of the interview he begins to discuss his psychiatric evaluations of detainees at Atlanta.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:18:46.


1992 November 29
Box: 97 Dvd : ref239 (Access dvd)
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1113 Martineau, Bolivar: Interview (part 3)
1992 December 3
Box: 90 Cassette : ref319 (Videos) Martineau, Bolivar: Interview; Additional Footage

Scope and Content Note

This footage appears relate to both The Cuban Excludables and  Miami-Havana. In addition to the Bolivar Martineau interview footage, it also contains shots of the anti-Castro paramilitary organization Alpha 66; right-wing radio station Radio MAMBI; and a Pastors for Peace caravan featuring Reverend Lucius Walker.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:45:55.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref319 (Access dvd)
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1093 Martineau, Bolivar: Second Interview (part 1)
1992 December 3
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1110 (Videos) Martineau, Bolivar: Second Interview (part 2)

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Dr. Bolivar Martineau conducted by Canadian journalist Linden McIntyre. In the interview Martineau discusses how he started working at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta where he treated Cuban detainees. He discusses the people he treated and describes many of them as suffering from a wide range of mental illnesses. He describes the psychiatric ward he presided over at the prison, the reason for its creation, and the ways in which his staff diagnosed, and treated Cuban detainees. McIntyre specifically asks Martineau to speak about the use of the sedative Thorazine to subdue patients, and address complaints from former prisoners about abuses in the psychiatric ward.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:17:54.

1992 December 3
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1110 (Access dvd)
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1168 Martineau, Denny McLain, Dr. Barrientos "Use for Bump"
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1154 (Videos [31142063166196]) Demagne, Jorge Luis and Daniel Iglesias: Interview about Dr. Martineau

Scope and Contents

In this interview two Cuban detainees Jorge Luis Demagne and Daniel Iglesias discuss their treatment in United States prisons in Atlanta, Georgia and Talladega, Alabama. They begin by discussing how they met and the circumstances that led to their detention. They discuss the prison riot in Atlanta, and the treatment of detainees at the prison. The bulk of the interview focuses on the treatment of Cuban detainees by Dr. Bolivar Martineau, who they said performed medical experiments on them and administered the drug Thorazine without their consent as a means to control their behavior.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:02.


1992 November 11
Box: 96 Dvd : ref1154 (Access dvd)
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1112 "Martineau Watching Video"
1992 December 3
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1138 (Videos [31142063166196]) McLain, Denny: Interview (part 1) / Ayer in Miami

Historical/Biographical Note

Dennis Dale "Denny" McLain (1944- ) is an American former professional baseball player. McLain was convicted of embezzlement in 1985 and sentenced to 25 years in prison. While serving his sentence, McLain was housed in the same prison as many of the Cuban detainees.

Scope and Contents

This video audio from the radio program Ayer in Miami and a segment of an interview with American baseball player Denny McLain. The first 14:00 minutes contain no video, but feature a portion of the radio program  Ayer in Miami, hosted by Francisco Aruca. During the program Aruca takes phone calls from listeners with comments and questions about Cuban politics. At minute 15:41 the tape changes to an interview with Denny McLain. In this segment, McLain discusses his memories of prison psychologist Dr. Bolivar Marineau. He discusses how Martineau and other prison doctors used drugs like Thorazine and lithium on inmates to control their behavior, and talks generally about the poor conditions in prison hospitals.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:15


circa 1990s
Box: 96 Dvd : ref1138 (Access dvd)
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1143 McLain, Denny: Interview #1 (tape 4)
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1122 McLain, Denny: Interview #2
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1144 McLain, Denny: Interview #3 (Tape 6)
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1158 McLain, Denny "Unjust Government, Theft, Corruption"
circa 1990s
Box: 18 Cassette : ref420 (Videos) Sandidge, Sally and Carla Dudeck: Interview / Leshaw, Gary: Interviews

Scope and Contents

This video begins with a joint interview with Atlanta Legal Aid volunteers Sally Sandidge and Carla Dudeck. They begin by discussing the legal situation of the Mariel Cubans detained in the US Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta. They discuss touring the prison and the treatment of detainees that they witnessed. They also discuss meeting Dr. Bolivar Martineau and his work in the psychiatric ward of the prison. Finally, they discuss their legal work and constitutionality of the detention of the Cuban refugees. At minute 11:30 the video changes to an interview with Atlanta Legal Aid attorney Gary Leshaw. He describes his organization's attempts to secure trials for Cuban detainees and talks at length about the Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS) policy that led to the detention of the Cubans.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:18.


1993 April 10
Box: 97 Dvd : ref420 (Access dvd)
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1129 Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interview #2 "Signs, Due Process, Abuses in Prisons, State Jails, Mental Problems"
circa 1993
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1393 (Videos) Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interview

Scope and Contents

This interview with Sally Sandidge and Carla Dudeck begins with a discussion about how the two women became involved in activism on behalf the Mariel Cubans detained at the US Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. They describe learning about the case of the Cuban detainees from an acquaintance they knew through Christian social activism. They explain that their acquaintance had been arrested and sent to Atlanta, and encouraged them to advocate for the Cuban detainees he met there. They describe their early activism, meeting family members of the detainees, and the individual stories of the men they met in the prison.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:19:28.


circa 1993
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1393 (Access dvd)
Box: 18 Cassette : ref412 (Videos) Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview (part 1)

Historical/Biographical Note

Judge Marvin Herman Shoob (1923- ) is a US Federal Judge who ruled against indefinite detention of Cuban refugees that were being held in American prisons.

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with Judge Marvin Shoob. Before the interview begins Shoob and Estela Bravo informally discuss Dr. Bolivar Martineau and baseball player Denny McLain. The official interview begins around minute 3:00 and features a discussion about Cubans who were detained by Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS), and the difficulty of obtaining individual trials for these people. He shares a story about a man who he argued never should have been detained by INS, but was held in a US prison for several years because of what he describes as an arbitrary decision and a failure to individually address his case. Shoob also discusses his attempts to gain the release of several detainees and the resistance he encountered from the federal government and prison administrators.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:14.

circa 1990s
Box: 97 Dvd : ref412 (Access dvd)
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1157 (Videos) Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview (part 2)

Scope and Contents

In this interview Judge Marvin Shoob discusses his defense of Cuban detainees' rights of habeas corpus, and the Supreme Court's decision not to hear his case. He also shares a story how his experiences during World War II influenced his approach to his career as a judge. He discusses controversial statements former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani made about the Cuban detainees Shoob wanted released, and the consequences of those statements on his safety and the process of releasing individuals. Finally, he describes conditions detainees faced in American prisons, which led some detainees to suicide or self-harm.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:21:11.


circa 1990s
Box: 96 Dvd : ref1158 (Access dvd)
Box: 18 Cassette : ref413 (Videos) Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview (part 3)

Scope and Contents

In this portion of an interview with Judge Marvin Shoob, Estela Bravo speaks with Shoob about his advocacy for Cuban detainees in American prisons. The beginning of the video discusses the 1987 Atlanta prison riots, and the role of Cuban detainees in those riots. At minute 12:43 Shoob's wife joins the conversation and talks about the death threats she and her husband received as a result of Judge Shoob's support of the Cuban detainees. The bulk of the interview discusses the human rights concerns about detaining Cuban exiles convicted of minor crimes indefinitely, and the policy decisions that led to their detention.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:30:46.


circa 1990s
Box: 96 Dvd : ref413 (Access dvd)
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1160 (Videos) Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview / Van Ness, Sheila: Beginning of Interview

Scope and Contents

This video begins with an interview with Judge Marvin Shoob. Shoob begins by outlining how he was assigned to the Cuban excludables cases and describing how these individuals first came to be detained. He describes reviewing the cases of the Cubans held at the Atlanta penitentiary, and talks at length about the legal situations that led to their detention and his efforts to get many of them released. Some of the content of this video is duplicated on other tapes, but this tape contains the most complete recording. At minute 49:00 the video changes to an interview with criminology professor Sheila Van Ness. She discusses the immigration trails for the Cuban detainees and the difficulty of advocating on their behalf. Van Ness describes how she interviewed many of the Cubans at the penitentiary in Terre Haute, Indiana and her perception of the legal process surrounding their cases.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 01:02:38.


circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1160 (Access dvd)
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1146 (Videos) Smith, Wayne: Interview

Scope and Contents

This video features an interview with American diplomat Wayne Smith conducted by journalist Linden McIntyre. The interview begins with a discussion of the events that led to the Mariel Boatlift in 1980. Smith cites Cuban attempts to establish normalized immigration policies with the United States, hijackings of Cuban boats by individuals seeking to reach the US, and the occupation of the Peruvian embassy in Cuba in 1980. He talks at length about the legal status of the Mariel Cubans who were listed as excludable, and others who were paroled into the country upon arrival. He also discusses the unique situation of Mariel, and the human rights abuses that many Mariel Cubans faced after they were detained by US immigration.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:29:28.


circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1146 (Access dvd)
Box: 10 Cassette : ref241 (Videos) Smith, Wayne: Interview

Scope and Contents

This interview features American diplomat Wayne Smith speaking with Canadian journalist Linden McIntyre. The interview begins with a discussion of diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba, tensions that led to the crisis of the Mariel Boatlift, and the excludable immigrants that arrived in the United States among that group. Smith discusses diplomatic talks between Cuba and the United States that took place under the administration of Jimmy Carter, but were stalled after Ronald Reagan took office. He talks about this history of US immigration policy toward Cuba and expresses his hope that the incoming Clinton administration will normalize relations. The last 10 minutes of the video focus on interviewer Linden McIntyre and feature him restating questions to make them more succinct for the edited film.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:31:03.


1992 November 24
Box: 97 Dvd : ref241 (Access dvd)
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1171 (Videos) Smith, Wayne: Interview (part 2)

Scope and Content Note

This interview with American diplomat Wayne Smith begins with a discussion about Cubans attempting to cross the Strait of Florida on rafts, which transitions into a discussion about Cuban "excludable aliens." This part of the interview focuses on United States immigration policy toward Cuba, which Smith describes as a double standard when compared to countries like Haiti. He also discusses the US immigration policy that led to the detention of the Cuban "excludables," and criticizes the United States for not doing more to restore normal relations with Cuba. Smith discusses the political influence of the Miami Cuban community and expresses his disappointment that Cubans and American have not had the opportunity to communicate with each other for many years.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:28:21.

circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1171 (Access dvd)
Box: 48 Cassette : ref1098 (Videos) Smith, Wayne / Austin, Duke / Penalver, Rafael / Detainees: Interviews on Immigration

Scope and Contents

This video consists of three separate interviews with American diplomat Wayne Smith, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) officer Duke Austin, and attorney Rafael Penalver. The three interviews focus on INS and US government policy that led to the detention of the Cuban "excludables." The interviews include discussion about the detention of Cuban "excludable aliens" from different perspectives, and include anecdotes about individuals held by US immigration services. The end of the video features a series of interviews with Cuban detainees after they were deported to Cuba. They discuss their treatment in American prisons and the events that led their detention.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:59:19.

circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1098 (Access dvd)
Box: 92 Cassette : ref496 (Videos) Van Ness, Shela; Lawson, Earl, Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interviews

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:02:00.

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains three separate interviews. The first interview is with criminology professor Shela Van Ness, who discusses the Talladega riots and her support of the detainees. In the second interview, Bravo speaks with Earl Lawson, a retired prison employee from Atlanta. In the final portion, Bravo interviews Sally Sandidge and Carla Dudeck, activists with the Coalition to Support Cuban Detainees.

circa 1990s
Box: 82 Dvd : ref496 (Access dvd [31142062723625])
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1109 Airport
1992 January 30
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1164 Airport
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1152 "Airport, Plane, Entering Bus, Pablo and Guillermo"
circa 1990s
Box: 91 Cassette : ref371 (Videos) Airport Scenes and Interview Footage

Scope and Content Note

This video contains footage of detainees boarding flights and arriving at a Cuban facility It features interviews with passengers in Spanish and footage of them boarding a plane. It contains an interview in English with a Department of Justice employee and interviews in Spanish with detainees during their flight.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:54.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref371 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1137 "Atlanta Prison Doors, Hospital Interview"
circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref495 (Videos) "Block I": Airport Footage

Scope and Content Note

The first 13 minutes of this video contain footage of Cuban detainees at an airport. The remainder of the tape contains an unrelated commercial recording.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:58:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 82 Dvd : ref495 (Access dvd [31142062723625])
Box: 92 Cassette : ref391 (Videos) "Block II": Interview Footage, Detainees

Scope and Content Note

This footage contains interviews in Spanish with the detainees. The interviews discuss the prison experience and include discussions about abuse and Dr. Bolivar Martineau.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:59:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref391 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 92 Cassette : ref390 (Videos) "Block III": Interview Footage with Detainees

Scope and Content Note

This footage features interviews in Spanish with detainees on a bus. In one interview, a detainee discusses the difficulties of being separated from his son.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:32:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref390 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 92 Cassette : ref494 (Videos) "Block IV": B-roll

Scope and Content Note

This footage contains two sections of what appears to be B-roll of detainees at airport. The remainder contains footage of a speech, which is poor quality and difficult to view.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:49:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 82 Dvd : ref494 (Access dvd [31142062723625])
Box: 92 Cassette : ref491 (Videos) "Block V": Footage, Various, Including Walkiria Fernandez and Detainee Interviews

Scope and Content Note

In the first clip Walkiria Fernandez speaks to the detainees. The conversations are in Spanish. The screen cuts out between 00:14:44 and 00:16:22. Following the drop-out, there are additional interviews with detainees on bus and at airport. In their interviews they discuss general abuses at the prison and Dr. Martineau. The last ten minutes of the video is damaged and contains content that is difficult to view.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:00:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 81 Dvd : ref491 (Access dvd [31142062723617])
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1097 Bloque VI Visits with Families and Prisoners in Cuba
circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref389 (Videos) "Block VII": Interview footage with Focus on Discussion of Dr. Martineau

Scope and Content Note

This video contains interview footage of detainees talking about Dr. Bolivar Martineau. It includes interview with Cuban detainee who was assigned to work with Martineau. Some of this footage is in English.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:48:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref389 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 91 Cassette : ref323 (Videos) Excludables Homecoming with Walkiria Fernandez

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains footage of detainees being welcomed home by family members. It includes brief interviews with relatives of the detainees. It also features many scenes with Walkiria Fernandez. In the video, she accompanies returning detainees to Cuba and explains what the men experienced to a number of individuals on the street.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:57:18.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref323 (Access dvd)
Box: 91 Cassette : ref335 (Videos) Excludables Homecoming, Street Scenes with Walkiria Fernandez

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:00:04.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref335 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1392 "ESSAIS #1 - Missile - Wayne Smith"
undated
Box: 91 Cassette : ref373 (Videos) Footage with Walkiria Fernandez

Scope and Content Note

The first few minutes (approximately 4 minutes) includes scenes of Walkiria Fernandez and detainees. This is followed by footage unrelated to the documentary.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:17:31.

circa 1990s
Box: 81 Dvd : ref373 (Access dvd [31142062723617])
Box: 88 Cassette : ref497 (Videos) Footage: Dr. Martineau

Scope and Content Note

The footage is composed of either Dr. Martineau speaking or being spoken about. In many parts there is a loud Spanish narration that overpowers the English. In some cases there is Spanish over Spanish.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:10:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 82 Dvd : ref497 (Access dvd [31142062723625])
Box: 91 Cassette : ref328 (Videos) Footage: Homecoming Scenes

Scope and Content Note

This footage duplicates previous homecoming scenes. This is a fairly poor-quality recording and much of the content cannot be viewed.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:20:02.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref328 (Access dvd)
Box: 91 Cassette : ref369 (Videos) Footage: Excludables Arrival

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:20:23.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref369 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 91 Cassette : ref372 (Videos) Footage: Detainee Arrival in Cuba, Includes Guillermo Herrera

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains footage of a detainee arrival in Cuba. It features various scenes of detainees on a plane and on buses. It also features United States and Cuban officials. The original box was annotated "Guillermo," which most likely refers to Guillermo Herrera, a detainee who was separated from his family, held without charges, and eventually deported to Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:17:32.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref372 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 92 Cassette : ref374 (Videos) Footage: Various

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:16:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref374 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 92 Cassette : ref392 (Videos) Footage: Various, detainee interviews, family reunions (mostly Spanish, some English)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:02:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref392 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 90 Cassette : ref318 (Videos) Footage: Various, B-roll

Scope and Content Note

This lengthy piece of footage contains clips of the detainees arriving in Cuba and interviews with detainees on a bus. Much of this tape consists of duplicated content and background shots.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:01:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref318 (Access dvd)
Box: 91 Cassette : ref332 (Videos) Interview Footage: Atlanta and Talladega

Scope and Content Note

This tape contains footage of various interviews, most of which are in English. Footage includes: a bishop speaking about the injustices faced by the Cuban detainees; a person talking about Dr. Bolivar Martineau's medical experiments and his use of drugs; Estela Bravo touring C-cell house and interviewing the former Chief of Correctional Services [Hovington] at the Cuban repatriation unit in Talladega; and a lawyer discussing the legality of indefinite detention of the Mariel refugees and the role of Judge Marvin Shoob.

The final 10 minutes of the recording consists of Spanish-language TV programming.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:02:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref332 (Access dvd)
Box: 92 Cassette : ref488 (Videos) Interview Footage: Detainees and Guards (Spanish)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:58:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 81 Dvd : ref488 (Access dvd [31142062723617])
Box: 92 Cassette : ref490 (Videos) Interview Footage: Detainees, Guards (Spanish)

Scope and Content Note

This tape consists of interviews with prison guards detainees on bus. It appears to contain many different clips in Spanish that focus on Dr. Bolivar Martineau. The quality of the footage is intermittently poor and many scenes are difficult to view.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:00:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 81 Dvd : ref490 (Access dvd [31142062723617])
Box: 92 Cassette : ref493 (Videos) Interview Footage: Detainees and Family Members

Scope and Content Note

This tape contains footage of family visits and interviews with detainees. It is mostly Spanish, but some in in English. There are moments without sound.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:51:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 82 Dvd : ref493 (Access dvd [31142062723625])
Box: 91 Cassette : ref333 (Videos) Interview Footage: Returning Detainees and Family Members; Dr. Bolivar Martineau and Denny McLain

Historical Note

The interviews with Denny McLain and Dr. Martineau featured on this video were funded by the Canadian Broadcasting System television investigative documentary program The Fifth Estate. CBS used the footage and then returned it to the Bravos for their film.

Scope and Content Note

Most of the footage involves interviews with returned detainees and their families. They largely feature discussions about the Marielitos. At around 54 minutes, there is a brief clip of Dr. Bolivar Martineau, then at 57 minutes, discussion with someone who worked at the prison with Martineau. There is a brief discussion with Denny McLain with Spanish voiceover, and then several additional minutes with Martineau.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 01:30:03.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref333 (Access dvd)
Box: 90 Cassette : ref334 (Videos) Interview Footage: Returning Detainees and Family Members

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:56:01.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref334 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1117 "Homeless People under Freeway"
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1155 "Hospital Psychiatrists"
circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref489 (Videos) "Los Excluibles": Spanish voice-over TV program (Fifth Estate)

Scope and Content Note

The first part is a Spanish voice-over TV program featuring footage from The Excludables. After 27 minutes there is a Spanish language TV program.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:59:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 81 Dvd : ref489 (Access dvd [31142062723617])
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1148 News Stories (Tape 32)
1992 November 28
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1149 News Stories (Tape 33)
1992 November 28
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1173 NBC News Advance
circa 1990s
Box: Electronic Records Folder : TW_TAM_616_ER_3 One World Awards

One World Awards   TW_TAM_616_ER_3

1997
Box: 71 Cassette : ref949 (Videos [31142063166261]) Rough Footage

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 01:04:59.

1989
Box: 86 Dvd : ref949 (Access dvd)
Box: 48 Cassette : ref1091 (Videos) Talladega, Alabama: Deportation #1

Scope and Contents

This video features footage of Cubans detained in the U.S. Federal Penitentiary in Talladega, Alabama boarding a bus for deportation back to Cuba. The video features exterior shots of the prison, footage of the Cuban prisoners boarding a bus, and the bus traveling to the airport.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:20:16.

circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1091 (Access dvd)
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1124 "Talladega Riot Archive"
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1150 Talladega #1
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1130 Talladega #2
circa 1990s
Box: 48 Cassette : ref1099 (Videos) Terre Haute: Prisoner Interviews

Scope and Contents

This video features interviews with three different Cuban prisoners at the US Federal Prison Camp in Terre Haute, Indiana. In the interviews the prisoners discuss how they came to the United States and why they were imprisoned. The interviews focus predominantly on the detention and treatment of the three men in the prisons. They also describe the political situation that has led to their indefinite incarceration, and the struggles they have faced while detained.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:17:42.

circa 1990s
Box: 98 Dvd : ref1099 (Access dvd)
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1119 Terra Haute #1
1993 November 3
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1121 Terra Haute #2
1993 November 3
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1162 Terra Haute "3 Prisoners, Warden, Prison"
circa 1990s
Box: 61 Cassette : ref1123 (Videos [31142063166162]) Little Havana (Miami) Signage

Scope and Contents

This brief video contains footage of signs of Cuban businesses in the Little Havana neighborhood of Miami, Florida.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Betacam. Duration: 00:02:41.


1992 June 12
Box: 96 Dvd : ref1123 (Access dvd)
Box: 12 Cassette : ref267 "ABC News - Atlanta, Cuban inmates 6/26/86; Riots 11/2/84; Mariel boats"
circa 1980s
Box: 16 Cassette : ref365 Martineau, Bolivar: Interview
circa 1990s
Box: 91 Cassette : ref336 (Videos) Plane arriving (B-roll)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original Format: Umatic. Duration: 00:47:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref336 (Access dvd [31142062723609])
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1140 Cuba, Birmingham Airport (B-roll?)
circa 1990s
Box: 33 Cassette : ref638 "Demo 14 min Excludables"
circa 1990s

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