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Guide to the Estela and Ernesto Bravo Film and Video Collection TAM.616

Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
70 Washington Square South
10th Floor
New York, NY 10012
(212) 998-2630
tamiment.wagner@nyu.edu


Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

Collection processed by Jan Hilley, with the assistance of Heather Mulliner

This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on January 17, 2017
English using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Container List

Series VI: The Cuban Excludables, 1989-1997

Historical/Biographical Note

Estela and Ernesto Bravo filmed The Cuban Excludables after 1984 hearings, which granted the release of Cuban "excludable aliens" that had been indefinitely detained after serving prison sentences. The term "excludable alien" is a legal distinction that refers to immigrants or refugees who were not granted a path to citizenship because of criminal records. Approximately 2,500 of the Cubans who traveled to the United States during the Mariel Boatlift were given the "excludable" distinction and detained in American prisons. Estela and Ernesto Bravo interviewed detainees returning to Cuba and spoke with activists and attorneys involved in legal the battles.

In 1995, The Cuban Excludables won a Special Jury Prize at Cinefest, San Juan, Puerto Rico; and One World Award, Best Overseas Production on British TV, European Community BBC.

Scope and Content Note

This series contains full-length copies of The Cuban Excludables (1994), as well as interviews with a variety of individuals including US District Judge Marvin Shoob; Wayne Smith, former head the United States Interests Section in Havana; and Dennis (Denny) McLain, a former American baseball player who spent time in prison with the Cuban detainees. Other interviewees include lawyers and human rights activists, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and Coast Guard employees; correctional officers and other prison staff, and the detainees themselves, along with family members. Of particular interest are interviews with Dr. Bolivar Martineau, deputy warden and chief medical officer at the Atlanta Penitentiary where detainees were held. Interviews with Dr. Bolivar Martineau and Denny McLain were arranged and funded by 5th Estate Canadian Broadcasting System who used the footage for a period of time and then turned it over to the Bravos for their film.

In addition to the interviews, footage in this series contains news clips, footage from the prisons, interviews with the American families of some of the detainees, and scenes from Cuba, as the detainees arrived home and were reunited with their Cuban families. Walkiria Fernandez, an employee of the Cuban Ministry of the Interior, appears in many of the clips with the detainees once they arrive in Cuba. Some of the material is duplicative and there is large amount of background footage and shots of leaving and arriving planes.

Container 1 Container 2   Title Date
Box: 73 Dvd : 7, 8 The Cuban Excludables

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Content of these DVDs is born-digital. Advanced notice is required to access these materials.

1990
Box: 85 Dvd : ref945 (Access dvd) The Cuban Excludables

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Betacam. Access DVD Runtime: 00:57:00.

Scope and Content Note

This is a full-length feature of the film The Cuban Excludables.

1997
Box: 67 Cassette : ref945 (Videos)
Box: 61 Cassette : ref1390 The Cuban Excludables (from BFI)
1996 February 8
Box: 61 Cassette : ref1391 The Cuban Excludables (jca tv facilities) (from BFI)
1997
Box: 45 Cassette : ref970 The Cuban Excludables, with Spanish subtitles
1997
Box: 61 Cassette : ref971 The Cuban Excludables, Spanish
1997
Box: 48 Cassette : ref1095 Arayo, Pablo: Interview
circa 1990s
Box: 12 Cassette : ref279 Austin, Duke: Interview

Historical/Biographical Note

Duke Austin was a US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) officer.

circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1135 Pablo and Guillermo (detainees)
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1106 Gloria [wife of Pablo] and Jenny: Interview
1992 November 22
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1104 "Interview Pablo's Family-York, PA 11/22/92" and "Fifth Estate 11/29/92 Gloria"
1992 November 22, 1992 November 29
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1118 "Pablo - Final Salvador - Walkeria"
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1133 "Pablo Cries; Orlando Sierra"
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1153 Ciello: Interview
1992 September 4
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1115 Ciello: Interview English and Spanish
1992 December 4
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1151 Ciello: Interview Miami
1992 December 4
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1094 Hovington, Doug: Interview (Captain of Guards, Atlanta Prison )
1992 December 1
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1147 Ketchel, Terry: Interview
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1127 Ketchel, Terry: Interview, Diner Shots
1992 November 27
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1120 Leshaw, Gary: Interview

Historical/Biographical Note

Gary LeShaw was an attorney with the Atlanta Legal Aid Society. He represented a number of the Cuban detainees.

circa 1990s
Box: 18 Cassette : ref397 Leshaw, Gary: Interview
1992 November 28
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1108 Leshaw, Gary: Interview "Riot-Why did it start? Families of the detainees-Corruption"
1992 November 28
Box: 90 Cassette : ref319 (Videos) Martineau, Bolivar: Interview; Additional Footage

Scope and Content Note

This footage appears relate to both The Cuban Excludables and  Miami-Havana. In addition to the Bolivar Martineau interview footage, it also contains shots of the anti-Castro paramilitary organization Alpha 66; right-wing radio station Radio MAMBI; and a Pastors for Peace caravan featuring Reverend Lucius Walker.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:45:55.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref319 (Access dvd)
Box: 90 Cassette : ref329 (Videos) Martineau, Bolivar: Interview

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:08:01.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref329 (Access dvd)
Box: 62 Cassette : ref1037 Martineau, Bolivar: Interview
circa 1990s
Box: 47 Cassette : ref1038 Martineau, Bolivar: Interview
1992 November 28
Box: 10 Cassette : ref239 Martineau, Bolivar: Interview #1
1992 November 29
Box: 61 Cassette : ref1139 Martineau, Bolivar
1992 November 28
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1093 Martineau, Bolivar: Second Interview #1
1992 December 3
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1110 Martineau, Bolivar: Second Interview #2
1992 December 3
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1113 Martineau, Bolivar: Interview #3
1992 December 3
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1168 Martineau, Denny McLain, Dr. Barrientos "Use for Bump"
circa 1990s
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1112 "Martineau Watching Video"
1992 December 3
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1138 McLain, Denny: Interview #1

Historical/Biographical Note

Dennis Dale "Denny" McLain (1944- ) is an American former professional baseball player. McLain was convicted of embezzlement in 1985 and sentenced to 25 years in prison. While serving his sentence, McLain was housed in the same prison as many of the Cuban detainees.

circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1143 McLain, Denny: Interview #1 (tape 4)
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1122 McLain, Denny: Interview #2
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1144 McLain, Denny: Interview #3 (Tape 6)
circa 1990s
Box: 12 Cassette : ref264 "McLain, Denny: Interview 3" and "Aruca 2"
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1158 McLain, Denny "Unjust Government, Theft, Corruption"
circa 1990s
Box: 18 Cassette : ref420 Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla; Leshaaw, Gary: Interviews
1993 April 10
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1129 Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interview #2 "Signs, Due Process, Abuses in Prisons, State Jails, Mental Problems"
circa 1993
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1393 Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interview
circa 1993
Box: 18 Cassette : ref412 Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview 1

Historical/Biographical Note

Judge Marvin Herman Shoob (1923- ) is a US Federal Judge who ruled against indefinite detention of Cuban refugees that were being held in American prisons.

circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1157 Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview 2
circa 1990s
Box: 18 Cassette : ref413 Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview 3
circa 1990s
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1160 Shoob, Judge Marvin: Interview - Beginning Shela Van Ness
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1146 Smith, Wayne: Interview
circa 1990s
Box: 10 Cassette : ref241 Smith, Wayne: Interview
1992 November 24
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1171 "2 Wayne" [Wayne Smith]

Scope and Content Note

This recording may be associated with either The Cuban Excludables or  Miami-Havana (according to original box packing slip).

circa 1990s
Box: 48 Cassette : ref1098 Smith, Wayne; Duke Austin; Penalver- Immigration
circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref496 (Videos) Van Ness, Shela; Lawson, Earl, Sandidge, Sally; Dudeck, Carla: Interviews

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:02:00.

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains three separate interviews. The first interview is with criminology professor Shela Van Ness, who discusses the Talladega riots and her support of the detainees. In the second interview, Bravo speaks with Earl Lawson, a retired prison employee from Atlanta. In the final portion, Bravo interviews Sally Sandidge and Carla Dudeck, activists with the Coalition to Support Cuban Detainees.

circa 1990s
Box: 82 Dvd : ref496 (Access dvd)
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1109 Airport
1992 January 30
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1164 Airport
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1152 "Airport, Plane, Entering Bus, Pablo and Guillermo"
circa 1990s
Box: 91 Cassette : ref371 (Videos) Airport Scenes and Interview Footage

Scope and Content Note

This video contains footage of detainees boarding flights and arriving at a Cuban facility It features interviews with passengers in Spanish and footage of them boarding a plane. It contains an interview in English with a Department of Justice employee and interviews in Spanish with detainees during their flight.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:20:54.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref371 (Access dvd)
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1137 "Atlanta Prison Doors, Hospital Interview"
circa 1990s
Box: 82 Dvd : ref495 (Access dvd) "Block I": Airport Footage

Scope and Content Note

The first 13 minutes of this video contain footage of Cuban detainees at an airport. The remainder of the tape contains an unrelated commercial recording.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:58:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref495 (Videos)
Box: 92 Cassette : ref391 (Videos) "Block II": Interview Footage, Detainees

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:59:00.

Scope and Content Note

This footage contains interviews in Spanish with the detainees. The interviews discuss the prison experience and include discussions about abuse and Dr. Bolivar Martineau.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref391 (Access dvd)
Box: 80 Dvd : ref390 (Access dvd) "Block III": Interview Footage with Detainees

Scope and Content Note

This footage features interviews in Spanish with detainees on a bus. In one interview, a detainee discusses the difficulties of being separated from his son.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:32:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref390 (Videos)
Box: 92 Cassette : ref494 (Videos) "Block IV": B-roll

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:49:00.

Scope and Content Note

This footage contains two sections of what appears to be B-roll of detainees at airport. The remainder contains footage of a speech, which is poor quality and difficult to view.

circa 1990s
Box: 82 Dvd : ref494 (Access dvd)
Box: 81 Dvd : ref491 (Access dvd) "Block V": Footage, Various, Including Walkiria Fernandez and Detainee Interviews

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:00:00.

Scope and Content Note

In the first clip Walkiria Fernandez speaks to the detainees. The conversations are in Spanish. The screen cuts out between 00:14:44 and 00:16:22. Following the drop-out, there are additional interviews with detainees on bus and at airport. In their interviews they discuss general abuses at the prison and Dr. Martineau. The last ten minutes of the video is damaged and contains content that is difficult to view.

circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref491 (Videos)
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1097 Bloque VI Visits with Families and Prisoners in Cuba
circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref389 (Access dvd) "Block VII": Interview footage with Focus on Discussion of Dr. Martineau

Scope and Content Note

This video contains interview footage of detainees talking about Dr. Bolivar Martineau. It includes interview with Cuban detainee who was assigned to work with Martineau. Some of this footage is in English.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:48:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref389 (Videos)
Box: 79 Dvd : ref323 (Access dvd) Excludables Homecoming with Walkiria Fernandez

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains footage of detainees being welcomed home by family members. It includes brief interviews with relatives of the detainees. It also features many scenes with Walkiria Fernandez. In the video, she accompanies returning detainees to Cuba and explains what the men experienced to a number of individuals on the street.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:57:18.

circa 1990s
Box: 91 Cassette : ref323 (Videos)
Box: 91 Cassette : ref335 (Videos) Excludables Homecoming, Street Scenes with Walkiria Fernandez

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:00:04.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref335 (Access dvd)
Box: 91 Cassette : ref373 (Videos) Footage with Walkiria Fernandez

Scope and Content Note

The first few minutes (approximately 4 minutes) includes scenes of Walkiria Fernandez and detainees. This is followed by footage unrelated to the documentary.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:17:31.

circa 1990s
Box: 81 Dvd : ref373 (Access dvd)
Box: 82 Dvd : ref497 (Access dvd) Footage: Dr. Martineau

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:10:00.

Scope and Content Note

The footage is composed of either Dr. Martineau speaking or being spoken about. In many parts there is a loud Spanish narration that overpowers the English. In some cases there is Spanish over Spanish.

circa 1990s
Box: 88 Cassette : ref497 (Videos)
Box: 91 Cassette : ref328 (Videos) Footage: Homecoming Scenes

Scope and Content Note

This footage duplicates previous homecoming scenes. This is a fairly poor quality recording and much of the content cannot be viewed.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:20:02.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref328 (Access dvd)
Box: 80 Dvd : ref369 (Access dvd) Footage: Excludables Arrival

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:20:23.

circa 1990s
Box: 91 Cassette : ref369 (Videos)
Box: 80 Dvd : ref372 (Access dvd) Footage - Detainee Arrival in Cuba, Includes Guillermo Herrera

Scope and Content Note

This recording contains footage of a detainee arrival in Cuba. It features various scenes of detainees on a plane and on buses. It also features United States and Cuban officials. The original box was annotated "Guillermo," which most likely refers to Guillermo Herrera, a detainee who was separated from his family, held without charges, and eventually deported to Cuba.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:17:32.

circa 1990s
Box: 91 Cassette : ref372 (Videos)
Box: 92 Cassette : ref374 (Videos) Footage - Various

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:16:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref374 (Access dvd)
Box: 80 Dvd : ref392 (Access dvd) Footage - Various, detainee interviews, family reunions (mostly Spanish, some English)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:02:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref392 (Videos)
Box: 79 Dvd : ref318 (Access dvd) Footage - Various, B-roll

Scope and Content Note

This lengthy piece of footage contains clips of the detainees arriving in Cuba and interviews with detainees on a bus. Much of this tape consists of duplicated content and background shots.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:01:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 90 Cassette : ref318 (Videos)
Box: 91 Cassette : ref332 (Videos) Interview Footage - Atlanta and Talladega

Scope and Content Note

This tape contains footage of various interviews, most of which are in English. Footage includes: a bishop speaking about the injustices faced by the Cuban detainees; a person talking about Dr. Bolivar Martineau's medical experiments and his use of drugs; Estela Bravo touring C-cell house and interviewing the former Chief of Correctional Services [Howington] at the Cuban repatriation unit in Talladega; and a lawyer discussing the legality of indefinite detention of the Mariel refugees and the role of Judge Marvin Shoob.

The final 10 minutes of the recording consists of Spanish-language TV programming.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:02:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 79 Dvd : ref332 (Access dvd)
Box: 92 Cassette : ref488 (Videos) Interview Footage - Detainees and Guards (Spanish)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:58:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 81 Dvd : ref488 (Access dvd)
Box: 81 Dvd : ref490 (Access dvd) Interview Footage - Detainees, Guards (Spanish)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:00:00.

Scope and Content Note

This tape consists of interviews with prison guards detainees on bus. It appears to contain many different clips in Spanish that focus on Dr. Bolivar Martineau. The quality of the footage is intermittently poor and many scenes are difficult to view.

circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref490 (Videos)
Box: 82 Dvd : ref493 (Access dvd) Interview Footage - Detainees and Family Members

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:51:00.

Scope and Content Note

This tape contains footage of family visits and interviews with detainees. It is mostly Spanish, but some in in English. There are moments without sound.

circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref493 (Videos)
Box: 79 Dvd : ref333 (Access dvd) Interview Footage - Returning Detainees and Family Members; Dr. Bolivar Martineau and Denny McLain

Historical Note

The interviews with Denny McLain and Dr. Martineau featured on this video were funded by the Canadian Broadcasting System television investigative documentary program The Fifth Estate. CBS used the footage and then returned it to the Bravos for their film.

Scope and Content Note

Most of the footage involves interviews with returned detainees and their families. They largely feature discussions about the Marielitos. At around 54 minutes, there is a brief clip of Dr. Bolivar Martineau, then at 57 minutes, discussion with someone who worked at the prison with Martineau. There is a brief discussion with Denny McLain with Spanish voiceover, and then several additional minutes with Martineau.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 01:30:03.

circa 1990s
Box: 91 Cassette : ref333 (Videos)
Box: 90 Cassette : ref334 (Videos) Interview Footage - Returning Detainees and Family Members

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:56:01.

circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref334 (Access dvd)
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1117 "Homeless People under Freeway"
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1155 "Hospital Psychiatrists"
circa 1990s
Box: 92 Cassette : ref489 (Videos) "Los Excluibles": Spanish voice-over TV program (Fifth Estate)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:59:00.

Scope and Content Note

The first part is a Spanish voice-over TV program featuring footage from The Excludables. After 27 minutes there is a Spanish language TV program.

circa 1990s
Box: 81 Dvd : ref489 (Access dvd)
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1148 News Stories (Tape 32)
1992 November 28
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1149 News Stories (Tape 33)
1992 November 28
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1173 NBC News Advance
circa 1990s
Box: Electronic Records Folder : TW_TAM_616_ER_3 One World Awards

One World Awards   TW_TAM_616_ER_3

1997
Box: 86 Dvd : ref949 (Access dvd) Rough Footage

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Betacam. Access DVD Runtime: 01:04:59.

1989
Box: 71 Cassette : ref949 (Videos)
Box: 48 Cassette : ref1091 Talladega Deportation #1
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1124 "Talladega Riot Archive"
circa 1990s
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1150 Talladega #1
circa 1990s
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1130 Talladega #2
circa 1990s
Box: 48 Cassette : ref1099 Terra Haute
circa 1990s
Box: 63 Cassette : ref1119 Terra Haute #1
1993 November 3
Box: 64 Cassette : ref1121 Terra Haute #2
1993 November 3
Box: 50 Cassette : ref1162 Terra Haute "3 Prisoners, Warden, Prison"
circa 1990s
Box: 12 Cassette : ref267 "ABC News - Atlanta, Cuban inmates 6/26/86; Riots 11/2/84; Mariel boats"
circa 1980s
Box: 16 Cassette : ref365 Martineau, Bolivar: [Interview]
circa 1990s
Box: 80 Dvd : ref336 (Access dvd) Plane arriving (B-roll)

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Original format Umatic. Access DVD Runtime: 00:47:00.

circa 1990s
Box: 91 Cassette : ref336 (Videos)
Box: 49 Cassette : ref1140 Cuba, Birmingham Airport (B-roll?)
circa 1990s
Box: 33 Cassette : ref638 "Demo 14 min Excludables"
circa 1990s

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